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IT Project Management V1A

SECTION: A
Q1 Put in plain words about the main differences between software review and
software
inspection or walkthrough.
Q2 Lines of code (LOC) and function point (FP) are two measures of the size of a
system.
Explain the advantages and disadvantages of using these two metrics for measuring
systems.
Q3. What are the major risk factors which may be encountered in the development of
software?
Q4. What are throwaway prototypes and evolutionary prototypes? How can
production of a
prototype be controlled and why is this important?
Q5. a) How does development of software differ from that of hardware from a quality
viewpoint?
b) What are the main objectives of configuration management and version control?

Q6. a) Describe how cost benefit evaluation techniques can be used to choose the
best
among competing project proposal.
b) Briefly outline the objectives of the Software Project Planning and the Software
Project
Tracking and Oversight key process areas found in level 2 of the CMM (Capability
Maturity
Model).

SECTION: B
Q1. Produce a critical path network, showing the earliest start times and latest
finish times for
each task, using the data in the table below. Write down the sequence of tasks on
the critical
path.

Task
code
Task name Duration Starts after completion of
task number(s)
PLAN Plan project 3
REQ Capture requirements 8 PLAN
AGRE
E
Agree requirements with
customer
2 REQ
DESIG
N
Design system 10 AGREE
CODE Code system 12 DESIGN
ID Identify subcontractors 3 DESIGN
BUY Buy-in subcontractor code 5 ID
INTEG Integrate code and buy-in code 6 CODE, BUY
INFRA Prepare infrastructure 7 AGREE
TRAIN Train staff 5 INFRA
REL Release system 4 INTEG, TRAIN

Q2. Describe with an example how the project schedule is evaluated using
Q3. Give an outline of stepwise planning activities for a project with neat
diagram.

SECTION: C
(Multiple Choice Question)
1. Which of the following principles of project management defines and controls the
functions that are to
be included in the system?
a. Project quality management c. Project cost management
b. Project time management d. Project scope management
2. A (n) ____ is one that can be measured or estimated in terms of dollars and that
accrue to the
organization.
a. net present value (NPV) c. breakeven point
b. tangible benefit d. intangible benefit
3.A determination of economic feasibility of the project always requires a thorough
____.
a. cost/benefit analysis c. system scope document
b. proof of concept prototype d. work breakdown structure (WBS)
4.A(n) ____ is a good tool for monitoring the progress of a project as it moves
along.
a. entity-relationship diagram (ERD) c. work breakdown structure
b. Gantt chart d. context diagram
5.The ____ is a sequence of tasks that cannot be delayed without causing the
project to be completed late.
a. float c. payback period
b. critical path d. milestone
6.An example of an intangible benefit is ____.
a. increased levels of service c. lost productivity
b. reduced employee morale d. lost customers

7. Which of the following principles of project management identifies all


stakeholders?
a. Project Risk Management c. Project Human Resource Management
b. Project Communication Management d. Project Time Management
8.Projects initiated through strategic planning are sometimes described as ____
projects
a. critical c. prototype
b. top-down d. weighted
9.A ____ combines three components: the problem description, the business benefits,
and the system
capabilities.
a. proof-of-concept prototype c. system scope document
b. context diagram d. data flow diagram (DFD)
10A ____ describes the purpose of the new system, the potential start and
completion dates, and the key
stakeholders and sponsors of the new system.
a. cost/benefit analysis c. work breakdown structure (WBS)
b. project schedule d. project charter
11____ are normally described in terms of the influences that can change the
financial statements, either
by decreasing costs or increasing revenues.
a. Work breakdown structures c. Scope documents
b. Intangible benefits d. Business benefits
12 During the planning phase of the system development life cycle (SDLC), the ____
helps to define the
scope of the problem.
a. critical path method (CPM) chart
b. project evaluation and review technique (PERT) chart
c. proof of concept prototype
d. context diagram
13There are two general approaches for building a ____: (1) by deliverable and (2)
by a sequential
timeline.
a. system scope document c. proof of concept prototype
b. work breakdown structure (WBS) d. context diagram
14.The objective of ____ is to calculate a percentage return so that the costs and
benefits are
exactly equal over the specified time period.

a. return on investment (ROI)


b. project evaluation and review technique (PERT)
c. cost/benefit analysis
d. net present value (NPV)
15. The objective of ____ is to determine a specific value based on a predetermined
discount rate.
a. project evaluation and review technique (PERT)
b. return on investment (ROI)
c. cost/benefit analysis
d. net present value (NPV)
16.Which of the following is a responsibility of the project manager from an
external
perspective?
a. report project status and progress c. assess team members to tasks
b. assess project risks d. develop project schedule
17. What is the structured approach called for developing software and information
systems?
A) Software design
B) Prototyping
C) Systems development life cycle
D) Systems methodology
18. Which software process model requires the least involvement of user?
a) Iterative enhancement Model b) Spiral Model
c) Prototyping Model d) Waterfall Model
19) Three major categories of risks are
a) Business risks, personnel risks, budget risks.
b) Project risks, technical risks, business risks.
c) Planning risks, technical risks, personnel risks.
d) None of the above

20) Which of the following best describes the capability of software to satisfy
business
requirements?
a) Compatibility.
b) Scalability.
C) Both a and b
d) Functionality.
21. ____requirements describe operational characteristics related to the
environment.
a. Performance c. Reliability
b. Technical d. Usability
22. ____ requirements describe operational characteristics related to users.
a. Usability c. Reliability
b. Technical d. Performance
23. ____ requirements are most often documented in graphical and textual models.
a. Security c. Technical
b. Nonfunctional d. Functional
24 A representation of some aspect of the system being built is a ____.
a. tool c. model
b. technique d. GUI
25 An inter-task dependency in which two tasks must finish at the same time is
referred to as.
a) Start-to-finish (SF)
b) Finish-to-finish (FF)
c) Start-to-start (SS)
d) None of the above
26 Which of the following is the estimated amount of time required to complete a
task, based
on a weighted average of pessimistic, optimistic, and expected duration?
a) Minimal duration

b) Earliest completion.
c) Weighted average duration.
d) Most likely duration
27 The WBS for the project represents:
A. All the tangible items that must be delivered to the client.
B. All the work that must be completed for the project.
C. The work that must be performed by the project team.
D. All the activities of the project.
28 Your company has an emergency and needs contracted work done as soon as
possible. Under
these circumstances, which of the following would be the helpful to add to the
contract?
A. A clear contract statement of work
B. Requirements as to which subcontractors can be used
C. Incentives
D. A force majeure clause
29.A prototype has which of the following characteristics?
a. Includes work procedures, both extensive and throwaway
b. Is operative and executable, is focused on a specific objective, is quickly
built
c. Has good look and feel, is executable, and is complete
d. Is quickly built, has mock-up, and is complete
30. The type of prototype used during the analysis phase is the ____ prototype.
a. discovery c. interface
b. evolving d. functioning
31. The purpose of joint application design (JAD) is to ____.
a. establish a design environment
b. design a prototype
c. expedite the design of the system
d. expedite the investigation of system requirements
32. A group support system (GSS) is a computer system that ____.

a. facilitates group discussion sessions


b. supports all employees in the same group
c. provides secure access to a group of users
d. permits users to form personal groups
33. The objective of a structured walkthrough is to ____.
a. fix problems in the system c. find errors and problems
b. inform the project leader of progress d. walkthrough a piece of work
34 You are a project manager who was just assigned to take over a project from
another project
manager who is leaving the company. The previous project manager tells you that the
project is
on schedule, but only because he has constantly pushed the team to perform. What is
the FIRST
thing you should do as the new project manager?
A. Check risk status.
B. Check cost performance.
C. Determine a management strategy.
D. Tell the team your objectives.
35. The customer requests a change to the project that would increase the project
risk. Which of
the following should you do before all the others?
A. Include the expected monetary value of the risk in the new cost estimate.
B. Talk to the customer about the impact of the change.
C. Analyze the impacts of the change with the team.
D. Change the risk management plan.
36. Conflict resolution techniques that may be used on a project include
confronting, smoothing,
forcing and:
A. Withdrawing.
B. Directing.
C. Organizing.

D. Controlling.
37. The document that is proof of upper managements commitment to the project and
gives the
authority to manage the project to the project manager is called:
A. The project plan.
B. The project goals and objectives.
C. The project charter.
D. The project definition.
38 Which of the following represents the estimated value of the work actually
accomplished?
A. Earned value (EV)
B. Planned value (PV)
C. Actual cost (AC',
D. Cost variance (CV)
39. A ____ model shows what the system is supposed to do in great detail, without
committing to any
one technology.
a. logical c. vertical
b. physical d. horizontal
40. ____ requirements are based on the procedures and rules that the organization
uses to run its
business.
a. Physical c. Logical
b. Functional d. System

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