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Preservation And Conservation Of

People those who are mainly concerned with protecting the environment will often use
the terms preservation and conservation. These two terms are often confused and are used
to mean the same thing, although differences exist. In this lesson we will briefly discuss
about environmental preservation and conservation and their major differences.

Conservation - the meaning of that environment and its resources should be used by
human and managed in a responsible manner.

These types of people see the value of the environment as the good and services that it
can provide to people.
This key point requires that the environment will be use in a way that is sustainable and
ensures that the natural resources will be used in a manner that will meet the present day
needs for the resource without jeopardizing the supply of the resource for the future
By using the environment sustainably the environment and the natural resources it
provides will not be depicted or destroyed permanently and would be available for human
use for the very long time. If people do not manage the land properly and the resources
are not being use sustainably then the environment can be destroyed and the conservation
method will fail.

Preservation- under the preservation lands and their natural resources should not be
consumed by humans and should instead be maintained in their pristine form.

Preservationists believe that humans can have access to the land but should only utilize
for its natural beauty and inspiration. They think that the value of the land is not what you
can use from it but instead that land has an intrinsic value meaning valuable in itself
simply by existing.

John Muir- one of the famous preservationist in US history is John Muir was a Scottish
immigrant who lived to 1878 to 1914 and had a large admiration for Californias insamity
values, Muir was a strong advocate of the complete protection of the land and believe that
people should only use the environment for enjoyment and not a resource for good.

Gifford Pinchot - one of the things that he did was that he gave us what we now think of
as public lands. The national forests in particular, in his case, but also the concept of the
public lands in the whole breadth as we know it today: the Bureau of Land Management,
the National Park Service, the Fish and Wildlife Service. These entities didnt exist in his
time, but he created the process by which those things could occur.

More importantly, he gave us the notion that these lands are public, that we own them as
a body politic. As a consequence, they dont belong to Utah, they dont belong to
FloridaHe recognized that public lands are democratic, something that all of us are
invested in, and I dont think thats changed at all. There have been a lot of fights about
that, most recently this past year in Malheur National Wildlife Refuge. But I dont think
any of the larger issues have changed much at all.


What term describes the practice of using natural resources in a manner that will meet the
present day needs for the resource without jeopardizing the supply of the resource for
future generations?

A. Conservation

B. Preservation

C. Sustainability

D. Intrinsic value


Is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse

A. Soil Erosion

B. Pollution

C. Deforestation

Is a naturally occurring process that affects all land forms.

A. Soil Erosion

B. Pollution

C. Deforestation

occurs when more fish are caught than the population can replace through natural

a. water scarsity

b. overfishing

c. unintended catches

is a necessary part of the development associated with a growing human population.

a. overfishing

b. water scarsity

c. infrastructure