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LENGUA INGLESA

NIVEL B1 +

USE OF ENGLISH
1. PRESENT TIMES

Explanations.

-- Present simple: formation rules.

Present simple is formed with the base form of the verb. We add -s in the third person singular (he/she/it). Verbs ending
in -o, -s, -sh, -ch or -x add -es. Some verbs are irregulars: have, be.

I like, you go, he wishes, she likes, it misses, we have, you sing, they love.

Do and does questions:

Do / Does + Subject + verb (without -s): Does she like? Do you want to go?

Don't and doesn't:

It's the negative form of the present simple: I don't like, you don't go, he doesn't wish, she doesn't like...

Wh- questions:

WH- + DO/DOES + SUBJECT + VERB: What do you want?

Wh-: which, who, what, where, when, how.

-- Meaning, uses:

We use present simple to describe:


a) habitual actions: I usually get up at 7.30
b) personal facts: We like ice-cream, Liz plays in the school basketball team.
c) facts which are always true: Water boils at 100 grades.

-- Pronunciation:

The plural is always pronunciated: /is/

-- Present continuous: formation rules.

Present continuous is formed with the verb be and the bare infinitive with -ing.

I am relaxing, you are going out, he is eating rice, she is seeing the boys, it is rising, we are singing our
favorite song, you are apologising each other, they are drinking beer.

CONSONANTE + VOCAL + CONSONANTE: SE DUPLICA LA LTIMA CONSONANTE:

I'm swimming, you're sitting.

Verbs ending -ie change -ie to -y: lie: lying; die: dying.

Questions: VERB BE + SUBJECT + VERB -ING: Are you writing?

Negatives: I am not relaxing, you aren't going out, he isn't eating rice, she is not seeing the boys, it isn't rising,
we are not singing our favorite song, you aren't apologising each other, they are not drinking beer.

-- Meaning, uses:
a) actions happening at the present moment (o in this period of time):
I'm eating right now.
I'm studying English Philology this course.
ACTIVITIES:

1. Choose the correct phrase underlined in each sentence. Be careful! One of these sentences DON'T
HAVE A CORRECT OPTION.

a) What time you go/ do you go to bed on Saturdays?


b) Why are you waiting/ do you waiting outside the door?
c) Don't ask Tim. He doesn't knows / not knows the answer.
d) I having / I'm having my lunch at the moment.
e) When you leave / do you leave the house?
f) I don't understand. What is happening / is happen?
g) Excuse me, do you know / does you know the time?
h) This is a great party. I'm having / Am I having a lovely time.
i) We can't use the lift because it don't works / doesn't works.
j) What are you doing/ you are doing here?

2. Read the answer and then complete the questions.

a) Where ____________________________________________________________ ?
Sue? She lives at the end of Axwell Road.

b) Do ________________________________________________________________?
Jim? No, I don't him.

c) What ______________________________________________________________ ?
At the moment? I'm doing my homework.

d) Are ________________________________________________________________?
Here? No, I'm sitting over there.

e) Do ________________________________________________________________?
Here?