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STAAD Pro Tutorials- Earthquake Analysis using

Seismic Coefficient Method

PROBLEM:
Data:
Length of building : 4 bays 3m each=12m
Height of building: 5 bays 3.0 each=15.0m
Width of building : 4 bays 3m each =12m.
Zone III Medium Soil
Floor Loads: Dead Load for Floor slab:4 KN/m2
Live Load for Floor slab: 2KN/m2 and Roof slab: 1.50KN/m2
STEP 1 (Creation of Geometry):
New Project Select Space Length =meters; Force=KN;
File Name=Seismic Coefficient method Next
Select Open Structure Wizard Finish.
Change to Frame models from Truss models Select Bay Frame and double click on
it.
Length X=12.0m No. of Bays =4 Each Bay =3.0m
Height Y=3.0m No. of Bay=1 Each Bay =3.0m
Width Z=12.0m No. of Bays=4 Each Bay =3.0m
Apply Transfer Model YesOk.
Go to front view.
STPE 2 (Member Property):
Click General Property Define Rectangle YD=0.45 ZD=0.30m Add
Close. Highlight YD=0.45 ZD=0.30 and select the entire structure Assign to
selected beam Assign Yes Close.
Deselect the nodes. Select beam cursor. Select the entire structure Click
Translational repeat Y No. of steps=4 Default spacing=3m Link stepsOk.
STEP 3 (Supports):
Go to front view.
Click Support Create Fixed Add. Highlight support 2 and select bottom support
nodes by windowing using node cursor Assign to selected nodes Assign Yes
Close De select the nodes and change to beam cursor.
STEP 4 (Loading ):
Page Control Click Loads & Definitions Click Definitions Add.
Seismic parameter screen will appear.
Select Type: IS1893-2002 Click GenerateAdd.
Select city or Zone: (Table 2 of IS1893-2002) Zone III Z=0.16
Response Reduction Factor(RF): (Table 7 of IS1893-2002) : 3 for OMRF
(Ordinary Moment Resisting Frame)
Important Factor (I) : (Table 6 of IS1893-2002): 1.5 ( for Important building)
Rock or Soil sites factor (SS): (Clause 6.4.5 of IS1893-2002): 2 ( for Medium soil)
Type of structure(ST)(Optional) (Clause 7.6 of IS1893-2002): 1 ( for RCC Frame
building)
Damping ratio(DM): (Table 3 of IS1893-2002) DM= 0.05 (for concrete).
Px =Period in X direction: (Optional)
For frame buildings with brick in fills
Px=0.09h
dx
where dx=dimension in X direction=20m

Px= 0.09x15.0 =0.39 sec


12

Pz=0.09h
dz
dz=dimension in Z direction=15m; h= height of building in metre=12.0m

Pz= 0.09x15.0 =0.39 sec


12

Depth of foundation (DT):( For under ground structures):


Click Generate Add.
Self weightSelfweight Factor :1Add.
Click Member weightLoading type
Uni Weight =12KN/m Add. (9 wall load)
Floor weights Load pressure: 12KN/m2 (Dead load)
Click Member weightLoading type
Uni Weight =6KN/m Add. (4.5 wall load)
Click Floor weights Load pressure: 4KN/m2 (Dead load)
Define Y range Minimum =3.0m Maximum= 15.0m Add.
Load pressure : 0.50KN/m2 (25% of LL 2.0 KN/m2 )
Define Y range Minimum =3.0m Maximum= 12.0m AddClose.
Note: For Roof Slab, Live Load need not be considered as per clause of IS1893-2002.
Highlight Member weight W=12KN/mCut section . Go to Plan view Select outer
beam Assign to selected beams Assign Yes.
Highlight Member weight W=6KN/mCut section . Go to Plan view Select inner
portion of the beam Assign to selected beams Assign Yes Close.

Click Load case details Add.


Number 1 Loading type: Seismic
Title: EQ in X +ve Add Close.
Click Load case details Add.
Number 2 Loading type: Seismic
Title: EQ in X -ve Add Close.
Click Load case details Add.
Number 3 Loading type: Seismic
Title: EQ in Z+ve Add Close.
Click Load case details Add.
Number 4 Loading type: Seismic
Title: EQ in Z-ve Add.
Click Load case details Add.
Number 5: Loading type: Dead
Title: DL Add .
Click Load case details Add.
Number 6: Loading type: Live
Title: LL Add Close.
Highlight Load case1 Add.
Seismic load X direction Factor: 1Add.
Highlight Load case 2Add.
Seismic load X direction Factor :-1Add.
Highlight Load case 3 Add.
Seismic load Z direction Factor :1Add.
Highlight Load case 4 Add.
Seismic load Z direction Factor :-1AddClose.
Click Load case 5Add.
Selfweight Selfweight Y Factor:-1 Add.
Member weightLoading type
Uni Weight =-12KN/m Add. (9 wall load)
Member weightLoading type
Uni Weight =-6KN/m Add. (4.5 wall load)
Floor Load Pressure:-4 KN/m2
Global Y Define Y range Mini.=3.0m Max.=15.0m Add
Highlight Selfweight Y -1 Assign to view Assign Yes.
Highlight Member weight W=-12KN/m Cut section .Go to Plan view Select Outer
beam Assign to selected beams Assign Yes.
Highlight Member weight W=-6KN/m Cut section . Go to Plan view Select inner
portion of the beam Assign to selected beams Assign YesClose.
Click Load case 6Add.
Floor Load pressure :-4 KN/m2
Define Y range Mini.= 3.0m Max.=15.0m Add Close.
High Light Load case 2: EQ in X-Ve.
Click Analysis/Print Perform Analysis Load Data Add Check After current

Click Change Add Check After current.


High Light Load case 3: EQ in Z+Ve.
Click Analysis/Print Perform Analysis Load Data Add Check After current

Click Change Add Check After current.


High Light Load case 4: EQ in Z-Ve.
Click Analysis/Print Perform Analysis Load Data Add Check After current

Click Change Add Check After current.


Defining Load Combination Using Auto Load Combination:
Commands LoadingEdit Auto loads Select Indian code.
Click New category
Category name: say EQ
No. of Rule :4

Rule No. Dead Live Seismic


1 1.5 1.5 --
2 1.5 -- 1.5
3 1.2 1.2 1.2
4 0.9 --- 1.5

Click Update Table Close.


Click Load case details Add.
Click Auto load combination select code: Indian.
Category: EQ Click Generate loads Check create Repeat Load Add Close.
STEP 5 ( Analysis ):
Click Analysis/print No print Add Close.
Click post print Define commands Analysis resultsAdd
Load List Add Select the required load cases from 7 to 19 on other side by
highlighting and clicking > to take the load comb on other side.
Note: Save the File and Run the Program.
STEP 7(Design):
Click DesignConcreteCurrent code :IS456 Define
ParametersFc=30000KN/m2Add
Fymain=415000KN/m2Add
Fysec=415000KN/m2Add
Ratio=3%Add.
Click Command Design BeamAdd
Design ColumnAdd. Take offAddClose.
Highlight Fck =30000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes .
Highlight Fymain =415000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes .
Highlight Fysec =415000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes .
Highlight Ratio=3% and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes
Highlight Design Beam SelectBeam parallel to X SelectBeam parallel to
Z Assign to selected beam AssignYes.
Highlight Design Column Select bottom most column in Ground Floor Assign to
selected beam AssignYes .
Highlight Takeoff Assign to viewAssign YesClose.
STEP 6 (Analysis):
From Main Menu ` Analysis Run Analysis
View output file Done.
STEP 7 (Results):
Go to post processing mode. Results
Click Deflection icon Results View ValueBeam Results Deflection Annotate.
Click Bending Moment Mz icon Results View ValueBeam Results Bending

Moment Ends Mid SpanAnnotate.

Click Shear Force Fy icon Results View ValueBeam Results Shear Force Ends
Annotate.
Click Axial Force Fx icon Results View ValueBeam Results Axial Force Ends
Annotate.
Note: Before going to another result remove the tick mark in Beam results.
Design Check:
Main menu Select By specificationAll failed beams.
Go to modeling mode.
Select Column (at bottom portion) Double click the columnConcrete design. Check
the bottom most storey column. If some columns in GF inner are failed, change the
size of the column for inner portion and again run the analysis, verify the result.
Similarly check the beam by double click the particular beam for find the reinforcement.
If all are passed ok. Otherwise revise the beam section if failed.
Click report set up icon.
Available Selected
Input Sections
Supports
Loadings

Output Beam End Forces


Reactions
Beam Max moments
Beam Force Details Summary Ok.

Print Preview Report.