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8. CIRCULAR MOTION

8.1 (D)

The maximum angular speed of the hoop corresponds to the situation when the bead is just about to

slide upwards.

The free body diagram of the bead is

m2 (r sin 45) cos 45 mg sin 45 < N .................... (1)

where N = mg cos 45 + m2 (r sin 45) sin 45 .................... (2)

From 1 and 2 we get.

= 30 2 rad / s.

8.2 (C)

Let v be the speed of particle at B, just when it is about to loose contact.

From application of Newton's second law to the particle normal to the spherical surface.

mv 2

= mg sin .......... (1)

r

Applying conservation of energy as the block moves from A to B..

1

mv2 = mg (r cos r sin ) .......... (2)

2

Solving 1 and 2 we get

3 sin = 2 cos

8.3 (A)

As the mass is at the verge of slipping

mg sin37 mg cos37 = m2r

6 8 = 4.5

3

=

16

8.4 (B)

1 72v 2 2

As when they collide vt t R = vt

2 25R

5R

t=

6v

vt

Now angle covered by A =

R

11

Put t angle covered by A =

6

292

JEE (ADVANCED) - RRB

8.5 (C)

The acceleration vector shall change the component of velocity u|| along the acceleration vector.

v2

r=

an

Radius of curvature rmin means v is minimum and an is maximum. This is at

point P when component of velocity parallel to acceleration vector becomes

zero, that is u|| = 0.

u 2 42

R= = = 8 meters.

a 2

8.6 (C)

x2 = 4ay

Differentiating w.r.t. y, we get

dy x

=

dx 2a

dy

At (2a, a), =1 hence = 45

dx

the component of weight along tangential direction is mg sin .

g

hence tangential acceleration is g sin =

2

8.7 (D)

The nature of the motion can be determined only if we know velocity and acceleration as function of time.

Here acceleration at an instant is given and not known at other times so D is the correct option

8.8 (C)

By energy conservation between A & B

2R MgR 1

Mg +0= + Mv2

5 5 2

2gR

v=

5

v 2 2gR / 5 R

Now, radius of curvature r =

ar g cos 37 2

8.9 (D)

The friction force on coin just before coin is to slip will be : f = s mg

Normal reaction on the coin ; N = mg

The resultant reaction by disk to the coin is

2

= N2 f 2 = (mg)2 ( s mg)2 = mg 1 s

9

= 40 103 10 1 = 0.5 N

16

293

JEE (ADVANCED) - RRB

8.10 (D)

As 2T sin = dm 2 r (for small angle sin )

2 2 2

m

but dm = r

As = 2r T = m2r/2

Put m = 2 kg = 10 radian/s

and r = 0.25 m

T = 250 N

8.11 (A)

when he applies brakes

v2

s1

2a

if is the friction coefficient then a = g

v2

s1

2g

mv 2

when he takes turn mg

r

v2

r=

g

then we can see r > s1 hence driver can hit the wall when he takes turn due to insufficient radius of curvature.

8.12 (A)

As tengential acceleration a = dv/dt = dr/dt

but = 4 and dr/dt = 1.5 (reel is turned uniformly at the rate of 2 r.p.s.)

W

TW= a

g

T = W (1 + a/g) put a = 6

T = 1.019 W

8.13 (C)

For anti-clockwise motion, speed at the highest point should be gR .

Conserving energy at (1) & (2) :

1 R 1

mv a2 = mg m(gR )

2 2 2

For clock-wise motion, the bob must have atleast that much speed initially, so that the string must not

become loose any where until it reaches the peg B.

At the initial position :

294

JEE (ADVANCED) - RRB

mv c2

T + mgcos600 = ;

R

vC being the initial speed in clockwise direction.

For vC min : Put T = 0 ;

gR

gR 2 = 1

vC = vC/va = vC : va = 1 : 2 Ans.

2 2gR 2

8.14 (D)

3R

The bob of the pendulum moves in a circle of radius (R + Rsin300) =

2

Force equations :

3R 2

Tsin300 = m

2

Tcos300 = mg

3 2R 1 2g

tan300 = = = Ans.

2 g 3 3 3R

8.15 (C)

vmin = 5 gR = 5 10 2 = 10 m/s

8.16 (A)

T cos + N = mg ...(1)

and T sin = m 2 r ...(2) A

but T = Kx T cos

0.1m

T = 1.47 102 (0.1 sec 0.1)

N T

(K = 1.47 102 N/m) r M

P m Q

Also r = 0.1 tan mg

put T, r, m & in equation (2)

we have cos = 3/5 and T = 9.8 N

8.17 (C)

mv 2

T mg sin =

R

m. (u02 2g sin 30 )

3 mg mg sin30 =

u0 = 3g / 2

8.18 (B)

When the acceleration of bob is horizontal,

net vertical force on the bob will be zero.

T cos mg = 0

The tangential force at that instant is

mg

= mg sin = mg 1 cos 2 = T 2 (mg)2

T

295

JEE (ADVANCED) - RRB

8.19 (B)

From length constraint on AB

a cos 45 = b cos 45

a=b T sin 45

a A

T sin 45 = m(a) mg T sin 45 = mb T sin 45 T T cos 45

45 mg

mg ma = ma T

B 45

g C

T cos 45

2ma = mg a=

2 b mg

T mg mg

T=

2 2 2

8.20 (C)

4 2

V= g R tan (20) 2 = 10 100 tan tan = = =tan1 (2/5)

10 5

8.21 (B)

In the frame of ring (inertial w.r.t. earth), the initial velocity of the bead is v at the lowest position.

The condition for bead to complete the vertical circle is, its speed at top position

vtop 0

From conservation of energy

1 1

m v 2top + mg (2R) = mv2 or v= 4 gR

2 2

8.22 (A)

| V | = v 2 v 2 2v 2 cos 60 = v

| v | v 3 v2 v2 ai v 2 R

aav = = = ai = ; a av = R 3 v 2 = 3

t t R R

8.23 (A)

B Tmin

inertial force

0

M(3g/4) 53

530

A

Tmax

Fnet mg

Fnet is shown in the figure. So, tension will be max. at point A and will be min. at point B.

8.24 (B)

For the ring to move in a circle at constant speed the net force on it should

be zero. Here spring force will provide the necessary centripetal force.

k 300

kx = mx2 = = = 10 rad/sec. Ans.

m 3

296

JEE (ADVANCED) - RRB

8.25 (B)

m

dT = dm( x)2 dT = . dx ( x ) 2

T /2

m 2

0

dT =

0

( x) dx

/2

m 2 x2 m 2 2 2

= x =

2

0 2 8

3 3m 2 3m 2

T= m2 stress = strain =

8 8A 8 AY

8.26 (A)

mV 2

At A ; NA mg =

RA

mV 2

NA = mg +

RA

mV 2

and At B ; N B = mg

RB

mV 2

and At C ; N C = mg +

RC

As by energy conservation ;

RA < RC

NA is greatest among all.

8.27 (A, C)

Nsin

N

Ncos

h

As N sin = mg

N cos = m2 r

g

tan = T 2 tan

2r

when increases T also increases

Also T 2 r tan

but r = h tan

T 2 h tan2

for constant

T2 h

Thus when h increases T also increases

297

JEE (ADVANCED) - RRB

8.28 (A, B, C, D)

Let N be the normal reaction (Reading of the weighing machine)

mv 2

at A NA mg =

r

Put v NA mg = mg NA = 2mg = 2W

mv 2

Also, at E, NE + mg = = mg

r

NE = 0 hence NA > N E by 2W

Now at G, NG = mg = W = NC

NE NA

Also 0 and 2

NA NC

8.29 (A, B, C) A

1

Between A and B mgL cos = mv B2 ar

2 L

vB2 = 2gL cos

B

v2

Now ar = B = 2g cos C

L

at

and at = g sin

a= a 2t ar2 = g 1 3 cos 2

mv B2

Now, at B T B mg cos =

L

Put VB T B = 3 mg cos

When total acceleration vector directed horizontally

at g sin 1

tan (90 ) = a = 2g cos = tan

r 2

On solving = cos 1 1/ 3

8.30 (A, D)

5

For case : 1 = rad/sec.

6

5

A/T = rad/sec.

6

v 3.14

B/G = = = rad/sec.

R 3 3

T/G = rad/sec (in opposite direction)

6

5 4 2

A/G = A/T + T/G = = rad/s.

6 6 6 3

2

A/B = A B = = rad/sec.

3 3 3

298

JEE (ADVANCED) - RRB

and A/B = 30 = rad/sec.

6

1

Using ; rel = i (rel) t + t2

2 rel

t0 t = 0.5 sec. Ans.

6 3

8.31 (A)

For conical pendulum of length , mass m moving

along horizontal circle as shown

T cos = mg .... (1)

T sin = m sin

2

.... (2)

g

From equation 1 and equation 2, cos =

2

cos is the vertical distance of sphere below O point of suspension. Hence if of both pendulums are

same, they shall move in same horizontal plane.

Hence statement-2 is correct explanation of statement-1.

8.32 (D)

The normal reaction is not least at topmost point, hence statement 1 is false.

8.33 (A)

(Moderate) Let the minimum and maximum tensions be Tmax and Tmin and the minimum and maximum

speed be u and v.

mu2

Tmax = + mg

R

mv 2

Tmin = mg

R

u2 v 2

T = R R + 2 mg.

m

From conservation of energy

u2 v 2

= 4g is indepenent of u.

R R

and T = 6 mg.

Statement-2 is correct explanation of statement-1.

8.34 (B)

vB = 2gL sin and vC = 2gL

If vC = 2vB

Then 2gL = 4 (2gL sin)

1 1

or sin = or = sin-1

4 4

299

JEE (ADVANCED) - RRB

8.35 (B)

Tangential acceleration is at = g cos,

at

which decreases with time.

Hence the plot of at versus time may be as shown in graph.

Area under graph in time interval t1 = vB 0 = vB

Area under graph in time interval t2 = vC vB =vB t

A B C

Hence area under graph in time t1 and t2 is same. t1 t2

t1 < t2

8.36 (B)

vB vC = v B2 v C2 2v B v C sin = vB

vC = 2vB sin 90-

2g = 2 2g sin sin vB

1/ 3 vC

1 1

sin = 3

sin =

4 4

1/ 3

1

= sin1

4

8.37 (B)

Putting h = 0 and the values we have T = 164 N

8.38 (B)

Putting h = 2R we get T = 144 5gR = 44 N.

8.39 (B)

R

At = 60, h = R R cos 60 =

2

R

Putting h = in v2 = u2 2gh

2

We get the result.

(A) F = constant and u F 0

Therefore initial velocity is either in direction of constant force or opposite to it. Hence the particle will

move in straight line and speed may increase or decrease. When F and u are antiparallel then particle

will come to rest for an instant and will return back

(B) u F 0 and F = constant

initial velocity is perpendicular to constant force, hence the path will be parabolic with speed of particle

increasing.

(C) v F 0 means instantaneous velocity is alway perpendicular to force. Hence the speed will remain

constant. And also | F | = constant. Since the particle moves in one plane, the resulting motion has to

be circular.

(D) u 2 i 3 j and a 6 i 9 j . Hence initial velocity is in same direction of constant acceleration, therefore

particle moves in straight line with increasing speed.

300

JEE (ADVANCED) - RRB

8.41 (A) q, (B) q, t (C) q, t (D) p, s

v = 2t2

Tangential acceleration at = 4t

v2 2t 4

Centripetal acceleration ac =

R R

v 4t at 4tR R

Angular speed = = , tan = = 3

R R ac 4t 4 t

From graph (a) = k where k is positive constant

d

angular acceleration = = k k = k2

d

angular acceleration is non uniform and directly proportional to . (A) q, s

d d k

2 =k or = k is slope of curve hence angular acceleration is uniform. (B) p, t

d d 2

From graph (c) = kt

d

angular acceleration = =k k is slope of curve hence angular acceleration is uniform (C) p, t

dt

From graph (d) = kt2

d

angular acceleration = = 2kt k is slope of curve hence angular acceleration is non uniform and di-

dt

d

rectly proportional to t. Slope of the curve is constant (can be seen in given graph) but = = 2kt

dt

increasing with time.

(D) q,r

8.43 (20)

v 2 u2 sin2

R= = = 20 m.

a g

301

JEE (ADVANCED) - RRB

As a rod AB moves, the point P will always lie on the circle.

its velocity will be along the circle as shown by vP in the figure. If the point P has to lie on

the rod AB also then it should have component in x direction as v.

vP sin = v vP = v cosec

x 1 3R 3

here cos = = . =

R R 5 5

4 5

sin = cosec =

5 4

5

vP = v ...Ans. x = 5

4

VP 5V

(b) = =

R 4R

ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION :

(a) Let P have coordinate (x, y)

x = R cos , y = R sin .

dx d d v

vX = = R sin = v =

dt dt dt R sin

d v

and vY = R cos = R cos R sin = v cot

dt

8.45 As the car travels at a fixed speed 1 m/s, hence tangential acceleration will be zero. Therefore, there

will be no component of friction along tangent.

mv 2

Case I : If Mg > ; hence friction force on car

r

of mass m will be outwards from the centre.

mv 2

T mg =

rmax

m

Mg mg = ..... (1)

rmax

mv 2

Case II : If Mg < ; hence friction force on car of

r

mass m will be towards centre.

mv 2

T + mg =

rmin

m

Mg + mg = .... (2)

rmin

From equations (1) and (2)

rmax M m

rmin = M m

302

JEE (ADVANCED) - RRB

8.46 By Newtons law at B

mv 2

T mg cos =

By energy conservation b/w A and B

1 1

mg (1 cos) + mv2 = m (5g)

2 2

mv = m 5g 2mg (1 cos)

2

= 3 mg + 3 mg cos

mv 2

putting value of of in equation (i)

c

3mg (1 + cos) = 6 mg cos2 (/2)

(a) For block not to slide along wedge, applying Newton's second law along incline we get

mg sin = m ( cos ) cos

g sin

=

cos2

303

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