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Amity Law School – 2010 Session

Law of Emerging Technologies


Paper Code: LL.B 403
(Combined 1 Hour – A/B Section Class)
VISITING LECTURES BY APAR GUPTA
mail@apargupta.com

COURSE MATERIALS

Class 1 (12th Aug)

Overview of Genetic Technologies and Issues


1. Vandana Sharma, The Future of Food available at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vi1FTCzDSck

2. Glenda D. Webber, Insect-Resistant Crops Through Genetic Engineering, University of


Missouri, available at
http://extension.missouri.edu/publications/DisplayPub.aspx?P=NCR553

3. Vandana Sharma, First Annual Hopper Lecture presented at the University of Guelph,
September 2l, 1993 available at
http://www.uoguelph.ca/research/international/documents/pdf/shiva1993.pdf

Genetic Regulation in India


4. A. Damodaran, Re-Engineering Biosafety Regulations In India: Towards a Critique of
Policy, Law and Prescriptions, 1/1 Law, Environment and Development Journal (2005),
p.1, available at http://www.lead-journal.org/content/05001.pdf

Genetic Use Regulation Techniques (Terminator Technology)


5. Frederic Forge, Parliamentary Brief for Terminator Technologies, available at
http://www2.parl.gc.ca/content/lop/researchpublications/prb0588-e.pdf (dated 22nd
March, 2006).

6. Canadian Institute for Environmental Law, Fact Sheet on Innovative Technologies –


2006 available at http://www.cielap.org/pdf/TerminatorTechnologyFactsheet.pdf

7. Standing Committee Report (2006-07) on the Seeds Bill, 2004 available at


http://prsindia.org/uploads/media/1167468389/scr1167813175_Standing_Committee_
Report_on_the_Seeds_Bill__2004.pdf

8. PRS Legislative Brief on the Seeds Bill available at


http://www.indiatogether.org/2006/jun/law-seeds.htm

9. Indian Patents Act, 1970, Sec. 3 (b)

10. The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers Rights Act, 2001, Sec. 18(c)
Class 2 (19th Aug)
Case examinations – BT Cotton

1. Marie-Monique Robin, The World According to Monsanto available at


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Iv9RHv6DBk

2. P. K. Viswanathan and N. Lalitha, GM technology and sustainable agriculture future:


Empirical evidences from Bt cotton farmers in Maharashtra and Gujarat in India,
Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics Vol. 2(1) pp. 007-017, January,
2010 available at
http://www.academicjournals.org/jdae/PDF/Pdf2010/Jan/Viswanathan%20and%20La
litha.pdf

3. Anitha Ramanna, Bt Cotton and India's Policy on IPRs, Asian Biotechnology and
Development Review available at http://www.ris.org.in/article3_v7n2.pdf

4. Shyama V. Ramani, After the Green Revolution, BT Cotton in India: Blessing or


Regulatory Headache available at
http://www.enseignement.polytechnique.fr/economie/chaire-business-
economics/Ramani-Btcotton-India.pdf

Case examinations – BT Brinjal


5. News X, Ramesh loses cool at Bt Brinjal public hearing available at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7MPEXoIMXkw

6. Minister for Enviroment and Forests (Jairam Ramesh), Decision on the


commersialisation for Bt-Brinjal (Feburary 09, 2010) available at
http://moef.nic.in/downloads/public-information/minister_REPORT.pdf

7. India Law and Technology Act, Public Consultation the Right Way available
http://iltb.apargupta.com/2010/02/public-consultation-the-right-way

8. Foundation for Biotechnology Awareness and Education, Bangalore, Moratorium on Bt-


Brinjal available at
http://www.whybiotech.com/resources/tps/Moratorium_on_Bt_Brinjal.pdf

Draft National Biotechnology Bill, 2008

9. Draft National Biotechnology Bill, 2008 available at


http://dbtindia.nic.in/Draft%20NBR%20Act_%2028may2008.pdf

10. Gene Campaigns Recommendation at National Biotechnology Bill, 2008 available at


http://www.genecampaign.org/home/Reports/NBRA%20submissions-
Gene%20Campaign.pdf
Class 3 (26th Aug)
Overview of Medical Technologies

1. Tapan Trivedi, Artificial Insemination available at


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A7xr7TjtHm4

2. Pushpa M. Bhargava, The social, moral, ethical, legal and political implications of today’s
biological technologies: An Indian point of view available at
http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/IB/faculty/jansen/FS301%20papers/Bhargava.pdf

Regulatory Structure for Medical Technologies

3. Eric Langer, Biologics Regulation in India, India Today available at


http://www.bioplanassociates.com/publications/articles/BPI_3_Regulations_India_2-
8-08.pdf

4. Malshekar Committee Report, A Comprehensive Examination Of Drug Regulatory


Issues, Including The Problem Of Spurious Drugs available at
http://cdsco.nic.in/html/Final%20Report%20mashelkar.pdf

5. Draft Medical Devices Regulation Bill, 2006 available at


http://www.dst.gov.in/whats_new/whats_new07/MDRA-Act.pdf

Reproductive Technologies

6. Pre-Conception & Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994 available at


http://india.gov.in/allimpfrms/allacts/2605.pdf

7. Law Commission of India, Report No. 228 available at


http://lawcommissionofindia.nic.in/reports/report228.pdf

8. Draft Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill, 2008 available at


http://www.prsindia.org/uploads/media/vikas_doc/docs/1241500084~~DraftARTBill.
pdf
Class 4 (2nd Sept)

Narco Analysis, Lie Detectors and Truth Serum

1. Lawrence Liang, … And Nothing but the Truth, So Help Me Science (Sarai Reader 2007)
availble at http://www.sarai.net/publications/readers/07-frontiers/100-
110_lawrence.pdf

2. Peoples Union for Democratic Rights, Twenty Second Dr. Ramanadham Memorial
Meeting Lecture available at http://www.sacw.net/IMG/pdf/narco.pdf

3. Selvi & Ors v. State of Karnataka, Criminal Appeal No. 1267 of 2004 (Supreme Court of
India) available at http://www.indiankanoon.org/doc/338008/

DNA Profiling Bill

4. DNA Profiling Bill, 2007 available at http://dbtindia.nic.in/DNA_Bill.pdf

Make Up Session for Classes 1 -4 (review and lagged up topics covered)


Class 5 (9th Sept) – Intermediary Liability

The Basics

1. Ronald Mann, The Promise of Internet Intermediary Liability available at


http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=696601

2. Apar Gupta, Intermediary Liability in India : From Troubled Waters to Safe Harbours
available at http://www.ebc-
india.com/practicallawyer/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6648&Itemi
d=54

The Application

3. Sec. 79 of the Information Technology Act, 2000

4. Avnish Bajaj v. NCT Delhi (2004) available at


http://www.indiankanoon.org/doc/1308347/

5. Avnish Bajaj v. State (2008) available at http://www.indiankanoon.org/doc/309722/

6. Aditya Gupta, The Scope of Online Service Providers Liability, Vol. 15 JIPR 35 (2010)
available at
http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/7197/4/JIPR%2015%281%29%2035-
45.pdf

7. Amlan Mohant’s Post on SPICY IP,


http://spicyipindia.blogspot.com/2010/07/intermediary-liability-for-
copyright_08.html

Recent Foreign Precedent

8. Viacom v. Youtube, United States District Court Decision available at


http://static.googleusercontent.com/external_content/untrusted_dlcp/www.google.co
m/en//press/pdf/msj_decision.pdf

9. Cyberlawcases Blog, Case background of Viacom v. Youtube available


http://cyberlawcases.com/2009/08/31/a-billion-dollar-test-of-the-dmca-safe-harbors/

10. Bryan V. Swatt, perfect 10 v. visa, mastercard, et al: a full frontal assault on copyright
enforcement in digital media or a slippery slope diverted? available at
http://jip.kentlaw.edu/art/volume%208/8%20Chi-
Kent%20J%20Intell%20Prop%2085.pdf
Class 6 (16th Sept) – Technology and Privacy

The Basics

1. Daniel Solove, The Taxonomy of Privacy available at


http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=667622

2. Apar Gupta, Balancing Online Privacy in India available at


http://iltb.apargupta.com/2010/07/article-on-online-privacy-in-india/

Private Actors

3. The Beast File: Google available at


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R7yfV6RzE30&feature=related

4. Eben Moglen, Freedom in the Cloud, Talk at NY-Law Center, available at


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m7LVZON5uRQ

5. Facebook.com, Terms of Service Agreement, available at


http://www.facebook.com/#!/terms.php?ref=pf

6. The Rumpus, Conversations About the Internet #5: Anonymous Facebook Employee,
available at http://therumpus.net/2010/01/conversations-about-the-internet-5-
anonymous-facebook-employee/?full=yes

7. Channel V, Axe Your Ex, Episode 1, available at


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qce9JmxU2kM&feature=related

State Interference

8. NDTV, Is phone tapping India's worst kept secret?, available at


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fNOXvqv1Ce0

9. National Identification Authority of India Bill 2010 available at


http://uidai.gov.in/documents/NIA%20Draft%20Bill.pdf

10. Graham Greenleaf, India’s national ID system: Danger grows in a privacy vacuum,
(2010) Vol 26 No 4 Computer Law & Security Review available at
http://www2.austlii.edu.au/~graham/publications/2010/India_ID_system0710.pdf
Class 7 (23rd Sept) – Network Neutrality

The Basics

1. Rich Green field, The Net Neutrality Debate: The Basics available at
http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ERM0639.pdf

2. Wu and Yoo, Keeping the Internet Neutral?: Tim Wu and Christopher Yoo Debate
available at http://www.law.indiana.edu/fclj/pubs/v59/no3/11-Yoo.pdf

Its Happening in India

3. Medianama, MTS MBlaze, Tata Docomo And The Neutrality Of Wireless Internet Access
In India available at http://www.medianama.com/2010/04/223-mts-mblaze-net-
neutrality-mobile-internet/

4. Digital Inspiration, YouTube Bonanza for Airtel Users in India available at


http://www.labnol.org/india/free‐airtel‐broadband‐upgrade‐for‐youtube/13045/

Statutory support beams ?

5. Subhashish Gupta, Competition Policy in Telecommunications in India available at


http://www.cci.gov.in/images/media/completed/competition_policy_tel_2008050810
4446.pdf

6. TRAI, Consultation Paper on Interconnection Issues relating to Broadcasting & Cable


Services, Interconnection Issues relating to Broadcasting & Cable Services available at
http://www.mediamughals.com/docs/research/Consultation%20paper%20on%20Inter
connection%20Issues%20relating%20to%20Broadcasting%20&%20Cable%20Services.
pdf

Recent Updates

7. Google, A Joint Policy for an Open Internet available at


http://googlepublicpolicy.blogspot.com/2010/08/joint-policy-proposal-for-open-
internet.html

8. Lawrence Lessig, Another Deregulation Debacle, available at


http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2010/8/9/who-gets-priority-on-the-web/a-
deregulation-debacle-for-the-internet
Class 8 (30th Sept) – Free Speech

From Shiv Sena to NDTV

1. Gauravnomics, Shiv Sena’s Orkut Campaign: The Limits to Freedom of Expression in an


Intolerant India available at http://www.gauravonomics.com/blog/shiv-senas-orkut-
campaign-the-limits-to-freedom-of-expression-in-an-intolerant-india/

2. The National Interest, NDTV's Assault on Free Speech available at


http://retributions.nationalinterest.in/ndtvs-assault-on-free-speech/

Blocking Websites

3. Shivam Vij, the Discreet Charms of the Nanny State available at


http://www.tehelka.com/story_main20.asp?filename=hub101406the_discreet.asp

4. Ministerial Order on Blocking of Websites, Dated 7th July, 2003

5. The Information Technology (Procedure and Safegaurds for Blocking Access of


Information by Public) Rules, 2009 available at
http://www.mit.gov.in/sites/upload_files/dit/files/downloads/itact2000/Itrules30100
9.pdf

6. ILTB, the utilitarian critique of E2 Labs v. Zone-H available at


http://iltb.apargupta.com/2010/04/the-utilitarian-critique-of-e-2-labs-v-zone-h/

Zittrain Wraps it up

7. Jonnathan Zittrain, The Future of the Internet and how to stop It available at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H9PJZ9bxbR8

Make Up Sessions for Classes 4 -8 (review and lagged up topics covered)


Class 9 (21st Oct) – Models of Licensing and Free Software

The Basics

1. The Open Source Initiative, The Open Source Definition (Annotated) available at
http://opensource.org/osd.html

2. List of Open Source Licenses available at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/category

Richard Stallman

3. Richard Stallman, What is free software? available at


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uJi2rkHiNqg

4. The GNU General Public License, available at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html

5. Brett Smith, A Quick Guide to GPLv3 available at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/quick-


guide-gplv3.html

Creative Commons

6. Lessig Remix available at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TFdcPc-4Ris

7. Choosing a license, available at http://creativecommons.org/choose/

Sita Sings the Blues

8. Sita Sings the Blues Post in the Wall-Street Journal available at


http://creativecommons.org/tag/sita-sings-the-blues

9. SCO-Linux Controversies available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCO-


Linux_controversies
Class 10 (28th Oct) – Recent/ Proposed Enactments

1. National innovation act available at http://www.dst.gov.in/draftinnovationlaw.pdf

2. Personal data protection bill available at


http://www.lawyersclubindia.com/forum/files/8_8_the_personal_data_protection_bil
l__2006.pdf

3. Energy conservation (Amendment) bill, 2010 available at


http://www.prsindia.org/uploads/media/Energy/The%20Energy%20Conservation%20
Amendment%20Bill%202010.pdf

General Discussion and a Recap of the Classes

Related Interests