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Review Exercise 2

1 a £17 8 a p + q = 0.4, 2 p + 4 q = 1.3.
b Stm = 1191.8, Stt = 983.6, Smm = 1728.9. b p = 0.15, q = 0.25.
c 0.914 c 1.75
d 0.914. Linear coding does not affect the d 7.00
correlation coefficient.
e 0.914 suggests a relationship between the 9 a
time spent shopping and the money spent.
0.178 suggests that there was no such
relationship.
f various

2 a
x P(X = x)
1 0.0278
2 0.0833
3 0.1389
4 0.1944
5 0.2500
6 0.3056 b The points lie close to a straight line.
b 0.583 c a = 29.02, b = 3.90.
c 4.47 d 3.90 ml of the chemicals evaporate each week.
e i 103 ml
e 17.7 ii 166 ml
f i This estimate is reasonably reliable, since it
3 a 0.2743 is just outside the range of the data.
b 12 ii This estimate is unreliable, since it is far
outside the range of the data.
4 Diagram A corresponds to -0.79, since there
is negative correlation Diagram B.
corresponds to 0.08, since there is no 10 a A statistical model simplifies a real world
significant correlation. problem.
Diagram C corresponds to 0.68, since there is It improves the understanding of a real world
positive correlation. problem.
It is quicker and cheaper than an experiment
5 a y = -0.425 + 0.395 x
or a survey.
b ƒ = 0.735 + 0.395 m
It can be used predict possible future
c 93.6 litres
outcomes.
It is easy to refine a statistical model.
6 a 0.0588
b i various
b 3.76
ii various
c 1.47
d 13.3
11 a 0.0618
b 0.9545
7 a 0.076 or 0.077
c 0.00281
b 0.639 or 0.640
d This is a bad assumption.
c 153.2

095 m c 0.15.98 mm 17 a 0.(315 × 620)/8 = 4337.54 . Sxx = 1760 e i Brand D is overpriced.5 b 54 kg c It represents an outlier or extreme value. d No skew.816 16 a & d b Sxy = 28 750 . 3 p + 7 q =1.0. c 2461.4 kg b mean 1.324 + 0.4 14 a 19 a 0.1)/12 = 2. c 0.5. e 13. b = 1.324 + 0.12 a Sxy = 71. 13 a E(X) = 3.816 b Houses are cheaper further away from the town centre.15 c 18 e1 f 114.95 mm ii 69 or 70 pence d l = 2460. Var(X) = (5 + 1)(5 .95. b p = 0.3.0406 t e 2463. Sxx = 2822 c a = 17.700 m. standard deviation 0. q = 0.337 15 a -0.3 kg or 13.1056 f This estimate is unreliable since it is outside b 27.35 b7 d 7. 18 a p + q = 0. since it b y = 0.47. c -0.2 the range of the data.45. It could be drums or a double base.0406 x is a long way above the line.