You are on page 1of 18

# Psychrometric Calculator deltaT = -34.00 F 58.40 0.242 25.

2702 <-in
inlet temp-> 70.0 F dry bulb Valid temperature deltaH = -50.30 btu/lb 58.41 0.242 25.2767
inlet RH-> 50.0 % range: H in = 25.30 btu/lb 58.42 0.242 25.2831
outlet temp-> 104.0 F dry bulb -80 to +211.94 H out = 75.60 btu/lb 58.43 0.242 25.2896
outlet RH-> 94.0 % generated tables-> 58.44 0.242 25.2960
CFM in-> 2,000.0 dry air density in = 0.0740 lb/ft^3 58.45 0.243 25.3025
altitude (ft.)-> 0 dry air density out = 0.0655 lb/ft^3 58.46 0.243 25.3090
Btu/hr = -446,409 total vapor density in = 0.0006 lb/ft^3 58.47 0.243 25.3154
Btu/hr = -73,463 sensible vapor density out = 0.0030 lb/ft^3 58.48 0.243 25.3219
*Btu/hr = -372,945 latent moist air density in = 0.0745 lb/ft^3 58.49 0.243 25.3283
Tons of heating 37.20 moist air density out = 0.0685 lb/ft^3 58.50 0.243 25.3348
SHR = ~ *t *sat p *H in wb
CFM out = 2,256.7 humidity ratio in = 0.0078 lb(m)/lb(da) 51.0 0.185 20.8232 <-in
moisture added lb/min = 5.61 humidity ratio out = 0.0457 lb(m)/lb(da) 52.0 0.192 21.3883
moisture added lb/hr = 336.84 53.0 0.199 21.9641
pressure = 14.696 psia 54.0 0.206 22.5508
dewpoint in = 50.52 F sat. vapor pressure in = 0.3633 psia 55.0 0.214 23.1487
dewpoint out = 101.91 F sat. vapor pressure out = 1.0709 psia 56.0 0.222 23.7582
wet bulb in = 58.44 F vapor pressure in = 0.1816 psia 57.0 0.230 24.3796
wet bulb out = 102.22 F vapor pressure out = 1.0066 psia 58.0 0.239 25.0133 <-in
dry air pressure in = 14.5139 psia 59.0 0.247 25.6595
negative capacity indicates heating dry air pressure out = 13.6889 psia 60.0 0.256 26.3188
*assumes water temp = leaving air temp 61.0 0.266 26.9914
processes: heating/ cooling/ humidifying/ dehumidifying vapor massflow in = 1.1514 lb/min
vapor massflow out = 6.7654 lb/min -69 0.000 -17.3243
Psychrometric formulae extracted from- dry air massflow in = 147.9175 lb/min -59 0.001 -14.8265
2001 ASHRAE HANDBOOK: FUNDAMENTALS dry air massflow out = 147.9175 lb/min -49 0.002 -12.3133
Ch.6, "Psychrometrics" -39 0.003 -9.7746
Enter input to yellow cells only -29 0.005 -7.1952
If you must enter wet bulb or dew point instead of RH, -19 0.009 -4.5526
then simply adjust RH as necessary to obtain the -9 0.014 -1.8138
desired wet bulb or dew point temperature. 1 0.023 1.0674
11 0.036 4.1553
21 0.056 7.5374
31 0.085 11.3311
41 0.127 15.6917
51 0.185 20.8232
61 0.266 26.9914
71 0.376 34.5430
out-> 102.20 1.015 75.5590 58.0 0.239 25.0132 <-in out-> 102.0 1.009 75.2014
102.21 1.015 75.5770 58.1 0.240 25.0773 102.1 1.012 75.3800
102.22 1.016 75.5949 58.2 0.240 25.1415 102.2 1.015 75.5590
102.23 1.016 75.6128 58.3 0.241 25.2058 102.3 1.018 75.7385
102.24 1.016 75.6308 58.4 0.242 25.2702 102.4 1.021 75.9185
102.25 1.017 75.6487 58.5 0.243 25.3348 102.5 1.024 76.0989
102.26 1.017 75.6667 58.6 0.244 25.3995 102.6 1.027 76.2797
102.27 1.017 75.6846 58.7 0.245 25.4643 102.7 1.030 76.4610
102.28 1.018 75.7026 58.8 0.246 25.5293 102.8 1.033 76.6428
102.29 1.018 75.7206 58.9 0.246 25.5943 102.9 1.036 76.8250
102.30 1.018 75.7385 59.0 0.247 25.6595 103.0 1.040 77.0077
table *t *sat p *H out *t *sat p *H in wb table wb temp wb sat p *H out
out-> 94.0 0.791 62.2448
95.0 0.816 63.7302 `t `sat p td table `t `sat p
96.0 0.842 65.2517 50.48 0.181 101.86 1.005
97.0 0.868 66.8103 50.49 0.181 101.87 1.005
98.0 0.895 68.4073 50.50 0.181 <-in out-> 101.88 1.005
99.0 0.922 70.0437 50.51 0.182 101.89 1.006
100.0 0.950 71.7207 50.52 0.182 101.90 1.006
out-> 101.0 0.979 73.4395 50.53 0.182 101.91 1.006
102.0 1.009 75.2014 50.54 0.182 101.92 1.007
103.0 1.040 77.0077 50.55 0.182 101.93 1.007
104.0 1.071 78.8597 50.56 0.182 101.94 1.007
50.57 0.182 101.95 1.008
-36 0.003 -11.5868 50.58 0.182 101.96 1.008
-26 0.006 -8.6117
-16 0.010 -5.5646 49.6 0.175 101.9 1.005
-6 0.017 -2.4092 49.7 0.176 102.0 1.008
4 0.027 0.9059 49.8 0.177 102.1 1.011
14 0.042 4.4511 49.9 0.177 102.2 1.014
24 0.064 8.3224 50.0 0.178 102.3 1.017
34 0.096 12.6474 50.1 0.179 102.4 1.020
44 0.142 17.5949 50.2 0.179 102.5 1.023
54 0.206 23.3858 50.3 0.180 102.6 1.026
64 0.295 30.3079 50.4 0.181 102.7 1.029
74 0.416 38.7367 50.5 0.181 102.8 1.032
84 0.578 49.1646 50.6 0.182 102.9 1.035
94 0.791 62.2448
104 1.071 78.8597 40 0.120 91 0.718
41 0.124 92 0.741
42 0.129 93 0.764
43 0.135 94 0.788
44 0.140 95 0.813
45 0.145 96 0.838
46 0.151 97 0.864
47 0.157 98 0.891
48 0.163 99 0.918
49 0.169 <-in out-> 100 0.946
50 0.175 101 0.975
51 0.182 102 1.005
52 0.189 103 1.035
53 0.196 104 1.066
Gas Meter Clocking Calculator
ENTER ="dial" cubic ft (0.5,1,2,5,etc.)
here-> 2
ENTER seconds for 1 revolution
here-> 102

## Cubic feet per hour = 70

ENTER gas heating value (btu/cu.ft.)
here-> 1,015
Input rate (Btu/hr) = 71,380

Gas heating value must be obtained from the local gas utility.
CFM Calculator Enter input to CFM Calculator
Gas Heat yellow cells only. Electric Heat
Output -> 71,380.0 Btu/hr Amps -> 93.5
Inlet temp -> 70.0 F Volts -> 246.5
Inlet RH -> 30.0 % (optional) Capacity = 78,638.9
Outlet temp -> 125.0 F Inlet temp -> 74.0
Elevation -> 1,000.0 Inlet RH -> 30.0
deltaT = 55.0 F Outlet temp -> 130.0
CFM = 1,247 return air 1,202 Elevation -> 1,000.0
CFM = 1,376 supply air 1,326 deltaT = 56.0
^*standard^ CFM = 1,359
formula CFM = 1,501
*see note at right
Right and left calculators operate independently.
Calculators include precise psychrometric calculations for maximum accuracy.

Make sure the desired elevation is entered, since the cfm result can vary
considerably depending upon this value.

## The inlet RH is optional, since it has very little effect on the

calculated cfm at normal inlet temperatures. If the RH cell is empty
its value will be regarded as 0. Greater accuracy is obtained when
the actual inlet RH value is entered.
Btu/hr
F
% (optional)
F

F
return air 1,300
supply air 1,437
^*standard^
formula -> cfm = (btu/hr) /(deltaT*1.08)
*For reference purposes only.
Supply/Return Grill *Enter (ft/min) Supply/Return Grill *Enter (ft/min)

350 350
300 325 300
250 275 250
Length" 24 Height" 24 <-Size Ak-> 4
CFM = 1,200 (core area/ free area) CFM = 1,200 Ak = "effective area"

## The calculators operate independently.

Enter velocities yellow grid, and grill, register, or duct size in yellow cells below the grid.
The calculator will average the velocities, regardless of the number of entries, and provide net airflow.

## Traverse (Rectangular) *Enter (ft/min) Traverse (Round) *Enter (ft/min)

745 745 745 745 745 949
745 745 745 745 745 949
745 745 745 745 745 949 949 949 949
745 745 745 745 745 949
745 745 745 745 745 949
Length" 16 Height" 16 <-Size Duct Diameter -> 16
CFM = 1,324 Internal measurements CFM = 1,325

*If you see a cell with ######, then widen the column until a number appears.

## Supply Grill/Register velocity pressure Supply Grill/Register velocity pressure

0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02

## "in. w.c. velocity pressure ^ "in. w.c. velocity pressure ^

Length" 5 Height" 11.5 <-Size Ak-> 0.4
CFM = 226 (core area) CFM = 227 Ak = "effective area"

## The calculators operate independently.

Enter velocity pressures in yellow grid, and grill, register, or duct size in yellow cells below the grid.
The calculator will average the calculated velocities, regardless of the number of entries, and provide net airflow.

## Duct Traverse (Rectangular) Duct Traverse (Round)

0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 Enter
0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 velocity
0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056
0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056
0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056 0.056

## Length" 14 Height" 14 <-Size Duct Diameter -> 16

CFM = 1,290 *Internal measurements CFM = 1,323
*Enter (ft/min)

325
275 See:
ft^2 http://www.hartandcooley.com/grd/all_grd.htm
"effective area" for Ak values

## To calculate cfm using velocity pressures

directly, use lower four calculators

## velocity (ft/min)= 4005*sqrt(velocity pressure)

*Enter (ft/min) with velocity pressure in inches of water

## Enter velocity pressure here-> 0.056 in.w.c.

949 velocity = 948 ft/min

"inches http://www.dwyer-inst.com/Products/AirVelocityIntroduction.cfm

velocity pressure

ft^2
"effective area"

## Enter velocity pressure

in inches of water column
provide net airflow. in these four calculators

(in. w.c.)
pressure
0.056

"inches
CFM and Capacity Calculators
Written and designed by Richard Perry, Dec. 2009
mailto:hvacrmedic@yahoo.com

## The author accepts no responsibility for damages

resulting from use of this worksheet. It is offered
freely, and is to be used at the readers discretion.

## Click on Tabs at bottom to access calculators.

Yellow cells are used for input values,
all other cells are locked to prevent accidental
modification to formulas.

## The end user may alter the worksheet appearance

and/or functionality to suit his/her own purposes,
so long as a note is made of any such alterations
and said note is attached permanently to the altered
worksheet.

HVAC Engineering Book

DE ACUERDO A ASHRAE FUNDAMENTOS, 2005

## ALTITUD SOBRE EL NIVEL DEL MAR Z

TEMPERATURA DE BULBO SECO t
TEMPERATURA DE BULBO HUMEDO t*
PRESION ATMOSFERICA p=101.325 x (1-2.25577 x 10-5 x Z) x 5.2559
Calculos
C1
C2
C3
Coefficients over ice (<0oC) C4
C5
C6
C7
C8
C9

## Coefficients over water(>0oC) C10

C11
C12
C13
C14
C15
Coefficients for dew-point calculation at C16
temperatures 0 to 93oC
C17
C18
Function of t (C1 or C8)/T
C2 or C9
(C3 or C10) T
(C4 or C11) T2
(C5 or C12) T3
(C6 OR 0) T4
(C7 of C13) ln T
Function of t* (C1 or C8)/T*
C2 or C9
(C3 or C10) T*
(C4 or C11) T*2
(C5 or C12) T*3
(C6 or 0) T*4
(C7 or C13) ln T*
Logarithm of water pressure at t Sum of functions t
Logarithm of water pressure at t* Sum of functions t*
Saturation pressure at t Exp (Line 47)
Saturation pressure at t* Exp (Line 48)
Humidity ratio at saturation pressure Pws Ws=0.62198* Pws/(p-Pws)
Humidity ratio at saturation pressure Pws* Ws*=0.62198* Pws*/(p-Pws*)
Specific enthalpy of water at t* hw=4.186 tc*

Enthalpy** h=1.006*t+W*(2501+1.805*t)
Water vapor pressure Pw=W*p/(0.62918+W)
Relative humidity RH=xw/xws
Specific volume v=0.2871*(t+273.15)(1+1.6078W)/p
Density r=1/v
Dew-point for temperatures 0 to 93oC td=C14+C15a+C16a2+C17a3+C18Pw0.1984

**Conversion of enthalpy to IP units included the energy to heat dry air by the temperature difference from Celsius to Fahrenheit scale start point (32/1.8)
SI units IP units
Ingreso de
Datos
792.4 m 2600.0 ft
22.2 o
C 72.0 o
F
15.6 o
C 60.0 o
F
92.16 kPa 27.281 In. Hg
691.03 mm hg
-5674.359
6.3925247
-0.0096778
2.0748E-09 F C
-9.484E-13 53.042 11.69
4.163501 50 10.00
-5800.2206
1.3914993 CONVERSION DE METROS A PIES
-0.0486402 METROS PIES
4.1765E-05 1000 3280.84
-1.4452E-08
6.545967
6.5400000
14.5260000
0.7389000
0.0948600
0.4569000
-19.636987
1.3914993
-14.4
3.64375603
-0.3724257
0
37.2350073
-20.090436
1.3914993
-14.0
3.48113024
-0.3477732
0
37.0855694
7.894
7.477
2,681 Pa
1,767 Pa
0.019 kg/kg
0.012 kg/kg
65.1 kJ/kg

## 0.00941 kg/kg 66 grains/lb

64.2 kJ/kg 27.6 Btu/lb
1,373.49 Pa 0.4066 In. Hg
0.9 m3/kg 14.95 ft3/lb
1.07 kg/m3 0.067 lb/ft3
11.71 oC 53.1 o
F

## sius to Fahrenheit scale start point (32/1.8) oC

Psychrometric Calculator
inlet temp-> 75.0 F dry bulb Valid temperature
inlet RH-> 50.0 % range:
outlet temp-> 94.0 F dry bulb -80 to +211.94
outlet RH-> 87.0 %
CFM in-> 24,000.0
altitude (ft.)-> 2,461 750.00 METROS
Btu/hr = -2,935,076 total
Btu/hr = -446,414 sensible
*Btu/hr = -2,488,663 latent
Tons of heating 244.59
SHR = ~
CFM out = 25,776.2 70.82 gr/lb
moisture added lb/min = 37.61 235.21 gr/lb
694.86 mmhg
dewpoint in = 55.11 F
dewpoint out = 89.52 F
wet bulb in = 62.16 F
wet bulb out = 90.32 F

## negative capacity indicates heating

*assumes water temp = leaving air temp
processes: heating/ cooling/ humidifying/ dehumidifying

## Psychrometric formulae extracted from-

2001 ASHRAE HANDBOOK: FUNDAMENTALS
Ch.6, "Psychrometrics"
Enter input to yellow cells only
If you must enter wet bulb or dew point instead of RH,
then simply adjust RH as necessary to obtain the
desired wet bulb or dew point temperature.
deltaT = -19.00 F 62.10 0.276
deltaH = -30.54 btu/lb 62.11 0.276
H in = 29.07 btu/lb 62.12 0.276
H out = 59.61 btu/lb 62.13 0.276
generated tables-> 62.14 0.277
dry air density in = 0.0667 lb/ft^3 62.15 0.277
dry air density out = 0.0621 lb/ft^3 62.16 0.277
vapor density in = 0.0007 lb/ft^3 62.17 0.277
vapor density out = 0.0021 lb/ft^3 62.18 0.277
moist air density in = 0.0674 lb/ft^3 62.19 0.277
moist air density out = 0.0642 lb/ft^3 62.20 0.277
*t *sat p
humidity ratio in = 0.0101 lb(m)/lb(da) 56.0 0.222
humidity ratio out = 0.0336 lb(m)/lb(da) 57.0 0.230
58.0 0.239
pressure = 13.435 psia 59.0 0.247
sat. vapor pressure in = 0.4301 psia 60.0 0.256
sat. vapor pressure out = 0.7915 psia 61.0 0.266
vapor pressure in = 0.2150 psia 62.0 0.275
vapor pressure out = 0.6886 psia 63.0 0.285
dry air pressure in = 13.2200 psia 64.0 0.295
dry air pressure out = 12.7464 psia 65.0 0.306
66.0 0.317
vapor massflow in = 16.2041 lb/min
vapor massflow out = 53.8174 lb/min -64 0.001
dry air massflow in = 1,601.6507 lb/min -54 0.001
dry air massflow out = 1,601.6507 lb/min -44 0.002
-34 0.004
-24 0.007
-14 0.011
-4 0.018
6 0.029
16 0.045
26 0.069
36 0.104
46 0.153
56 0.222
66 0.317
76 0.445
29.0252 <-in out-> 90.30 0.705 59.5772 62.0 0.275
29.0326 90.31 0.706 59.5917 62.1 0.276
29.0400 90.32 0.706 59.6061 62.2 0.277
29.0475 90.33 0.706 59.6206 62.3 0.278
29.0549 90.34 0.706 59.6350 62.4 0.279
29.0623 90.35 0.707 59.6495 62.5 0.280
29.0697 90.36 0.707 59.6639 62.6 0.281
29.0771 90.37 0.707 59.6784 62.7 0.282
29.0845 90.38 0.707 59.6928 62.8 0.283
29.0920 90.39 0.707 59.7073 62.9 0.284
29.0994 90.40 0.708 59.7217 63.0 0.285
*H in wb table *t *sat p *H out *t *sat p
24.7807 <-in out-> 84.0 0.578 51.1438
25.4407 85.0 0.596 52.3991 `t
26.1142 86.0 0.616 53.6845 55.07
26.8016 87.0 0.636 55.0010 55.08
27.5033 88.0 0.656 56.3495 55.09
28.2197 89.0 0.677 57.7308 55.10
28.9512 90.0 0.699 59.1460 55.11
29.6984 <-in out-> 91.0 0.721 60.5960 55.12
30.4615 92.0 0.744 62.0820 55.13
31.2412 93.0 0.767 63.6049 55.14
32.0379 94.0 0.791 65.1660 55.15
55.16
-16.2980 -46 0.002 -13.5600 55.17
-13.7677 -36 0.003 -10.7462
-11.2155 -26 0.006 -7.8814 54.2
-8.6281 -16 0.010 -4.9379 54.3
-5.9849 -6 0.017 -1.8758 54.4
-3.2562 4 0.027 1.3610 54.5
-0.3991 14 0.042 4.8498 54.6
2.6463 24 0.064 8.6955 54.7
5.9622 34 0.096 13.0386 54.8
9.6601 44 0.142 18.0643 54.9
13.8883 54 0.206 24.0163 55.0
18.8429 64 0.295 31.2130 55.1
24.7807 74 0.416 40.0719 55.2
32.0379 84 0.578 51.1438
41.0554 94 0.791 65.1660 44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
28.9512 <-in out-> 90.0 0.699 59.1459
29.0252 90.1 0.701 59.2894
29.0994 90.2 0.703 59.4331
29.1737 90.3 0.705 59.5773
29.2482 90.4 0.708 59.7217
29.3228 90.5 0.710 59.8666
29.3976 90.6 0.712 60.0117
29.4726 90.7 0.714 60.1573
29.5477 90.8 0.717 60.3032
29.6229 90.9 0.719 60.4494
29.6984 91.0 0.721 60.5960
*H in wb table wb temp wb sat p *H out

## `sat p td table `t `sat p

0.215 89.48 0.688
0.215 89.49 0.688
0.215 <-in out-> 89.50 0.688
0.215 89.51 0.688
0.215 89.52 0.688
0.215 89.53 0.689
0.215 89.54 0.689
0.215 89.55 0.689
0.215 89.56 0.689
0.215 89.57 0.690
0.215 89.58 0.690

## 0.208 89.5 0.688

0.208 89.6 0.690
0.209 89.7 0.692
0.210 89.8 0.694
0.211 89.9 0.696
0.212 90.0 0.698
0.212 90.1 0.701
0.213 90.2 0.703
0.214 90.3 0.705
0.215 90.4 0.707
0.215 90.5 0.709

0.143 78 0.483
0.149 79 0.499
0.154 80 0.515
0.160 81 0.532
0.166 82 0.550
0.173 83 0.568
0.179 84 0.587
0.186 85 0.606
0.193 86 0.625
0.200 <-in out-> 87 0.646
0.208 88 0.666
0.215 89 0.688
0.223 90 0.709
0.232 91 0.732