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Assignment # 02

Name : Mussadiq Shah Reg # : UW-14-ME-BSc-054

Course Title : CAD/CAM Semester : 6th-B

The Selective Laser Sintering also called (SLS process) was developed and patented in
the 1980s by Carl Deckard is one of the modern technolog used by special type of
printer called 3-d Printers. During SLS, tiny particles of plastic, ceramic or glass are
fused together by heat from a high-power laser to form a solid, three-dimensional
object. In this process, first the object to be printed by SLS method, a Computer Aided
Design (CAD) file is made and then it is converted into .html format because 3-d printers
understood only html format. Inside the SLC machine a common plastic, such as nylon
are dispersed in a thin layer on the top of build platform. Then a laser, pulses down on
the platform which traces a cross-section of the object on the powder. The laser heats
the powder either to just below its boiling point (sintering) or above its boiling point
(melting), which fuses the particles in the powder together into a solid form. When
initial layer is formed the platform of SLC machine drops which form a new layer of
powder to trace and fuse together. This process continues again and again until the
entire object has been printed.

The research paper, I have studied was about manufacturing Polymer blend by Selective
Laser Sintering (SLS). For this purpose a polymer blend is used, composed of 80
weight% of polypropylene (PP) and 20 weight% of polyamide (PA12). They were
produced at beam of a laser power and their thermal and mechanical properties were
investigated. Thermal analysis showed the range of temperature where the polymer
blend exists in a two-phase mixing area. Thermal analysis of the test specimens showed
two separate peaks of the power input. After examining with electron microscope and
getting images at bright field at polarized light shows that that the two components do
not separate during mixing or manufacturing, because the PA12 phase was very
homogenously dispersed in the PP matrix. In the process some some surfaces with
fractures were also produced and they were also analyzed with electron microscope
because of which adhesion become very visible in between the said specimens. The
PA12 particles were not connected with PP because due to energy input there is
difference in phase adhesion. Similarly when the specimen is subjected to mechanical
loaded componenets it shows poor adhesion i.e. it has poor mechanical properties. In
this way polymer blends can be processed by powder- and beam-based additive
manufacturing techniques i.e. Selective laser Sintering