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Occupational Health and Safety Management

for Construction

Session: 07
Teacher: Ramiro G. Castro Ochoa
Content

OHS Plan (legal framework and structure)

Closure

Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction


Session 07
National Buildings Regulation (RNE)
Technical Standard G.050

Purpose: to establish technical


guidelines needed to ensure that
construction activities are
developed without causing
accidents or diseases (illnesses).
Groups several other standards in
a single compendium for
Construction.
It is subject to the provisions of
28806 General Labour Inspection
Act and its regulations and
amendments.

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National Buildings Regulation
Standard G.050
Chapter 9

All work must have a OHS Plan.


The OHS Plan must contain technical and
administrative mechanisms to ensure the physical
integrity and health of employees and third parties,
during the development of the work (and additional
activities).
It must be integrated into the project from the
budget (specific items).
Responsible for its implementation (before start of
work) and maintenance is the Site Engineer.
It must be performed by the contractor and its
subcontractors (base its plan to develop specific
plans).

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OHS Plan - minimum content

1. Purpose of the Plan.

2. Description of the Occupational Health and Safety


Management System (OHSMS) of the Company.

3. Responsibilities in the implementation and


execution of the Plan.

4. Plan elements.

5. Monitoring and control mechanisms.

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1. Purpose of the Plan

All OHS Plan must be oriented to describe


the actions that each contractor
implemented and maintained to ensure the
safety and health of its staff and workers.

A simple and brief writing is recommended.

The OHS Plan must be specific to a work /


project. Avoid "copy-paste" without analysis.

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2. Description of the Occupational Health and
Safety Management System of the Company.
If the contractor has a OHSMS, it should indicate as well as its scope
its main elements:
Safety and Health Policy
OHSMS Manual
Procedures
OHS Internal Regulation
Instructions, etc.

It must be based on the legal / regulatory framework for the sector


(OHSAS 18001, OHS Act - 29783 and Regulation, G.050, etc.).

If the company does not have a OHSMS, it must implement it in the


shortest time (Inspectorate: very serious infringement).

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3. Responsibilities in the implementation and
execution of the Plan.
Responsible for the implementation and
execution of the OHS Plan is the Site
Engineer, with the permanent support of
the Head / Supervisor Risk Prevention.

All construction workers must fulfill their


respective responsibilities.

Who should develop / draft the PSST?

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4. Plan elements

4.1. Identification of legal and contractual


requirements related to OHS

Legal requirements vary in each work. Contractual


requirements will depend on standards that handles
each client / supervisor.

Identification of both should be done in anticipation


of the event, to ensure they are included in the
planning of OHS in the work.

The identification should be the responsibility of 01


single entity (on site or centrally).

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4. Plan elements

4.1. Identification of legal and contractual requirements related to


OHS
Reglamento para la gestin de residuos slidos de la construccin y demolicin.
Reglamento Nacional de Vehculos.
Ley de Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo
Ley General de Inspeccin del Trabajo
Ley General de Residuos Slidos
NTP 350.026 Extintores porttiles manuales de polvo qumico seco
NTP 350.037 Extintores porttiles sobre ruedas de polvo qumico seco dentro del rea de
trabajo
NTP 350.043-1 Extintores porttiles: Seleccin, distribucin, inspeccin, mantenimiento,
recarga, y prueba hidrosttica.
NTP 833.026-1 Extintores porttiles. Servicio de mantenimiento y recarga.
NTP 833.034 Extintores porttiles. Verificacin.
NTP 833.032 Extintores porttiles para vehculos automotores.
NTP 400.033 Andamios. Definiciones y clasificacin y sus modificaciones.
NTP 400.034 Andamios. Requisitos y sus modificaciones.
NTP 399.010 Seales de seguridad. Colores, smbolos, formas y dimensiones de seales de
seguridad. Parte 1: reglas para el diseo de las seales de seguridad.
NTP 400.050 Manejo de Residuos de la Actividad de la Construccin

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4. Plan elements

4.2. Risks Analysis: Hazard identification, risk


assessment and preventive actions

It must be made before the start of the activities /


processes analyzed.
It is a recurring activity.
The preventive actions must ensure that the
personnel work in safe and healthy conditions.
Taking as reference the Basic Guide Safety and
Health Management System at Work Ministerial
Resolution No. 050-2013-TR (Annex 3).

Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction


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Session 107
4. Plan elements

4.3. Plans for the installation of collective protection for the entire
project.

It is related to Risks Maps

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Session 207
4. Plan elements

4.3. Plans for the installation of collective protection for the entire
project.

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Session 307
4. Plan elements

4.4. Working procedures for high-risk activities


(identified during risks analysis)

Procedures must be annexed to the OHS Plan.


All procedures should be disseminated to staff
involved prior to the dealing activity.
It is recommended to produce complete
construction procedures (including sequence of
activities, quality control measures, environment,
etc.)
In mining they are called PETS (procedimiento
escrito de trabajo seguro).

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4. Plan elements

4.5. Training and sensitization at Work - Training


Program.

They must be performed continuously for the


development of the Work. It includes own staff and
third parties.
03 training levels is recommended:
Initial training (induction).
Ongoing training (daily chats)
Specific training (talks)
Must keep registers of each training completed. It
carries a statistical training: traning hours VS
working hours.

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Session 507
4. Plan elements

4.5. Training and


sensitization at Work -
Training Program.

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Session 607
4. Plan elements

4.6. Nonconformities management - inspections


and audits Program
Work must implement routine and planned
inspections for the prevention and control of non-
conformities in SST.
substandard acts
substandard conditions
Routine inspections should be in charge of the safety
area of the work, regardless of the responsibility of
the supervisors / team leaders.
It is recommended to involve all the staff in the
implementation of planned inspections and keep a
record of each carried out planned inspection.

Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction


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Session 707
4. Plan elements

4.6. Nonconformities management - inspections


and audits Program

Occupational Health and Safety Management for Construction


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Session 807
4. Plan elements

4.6. Nonconformities
management -
inspections and audits
Program

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Session 907
4. Plan elements

4.7. Objectives and goals for improvement in


Occupational Safety and Health
The goals and targets are usually:
Corporate: must meet all of the projects by
the company
Own: The must define each work for itself.
Top management must define the objectives and
goals, with support from staff / committee.
Examples:
Zero disabling accidents
8 hours of training per employee per month
02 planned inspections a month
Zero major nonconformities in audits, etc.

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4. Plan elements

4.8. Emergency Response Plan


It should be developed in coordination with project
stakeholders: customers, organizations, supervision,
neighbors, etc.
Claims: explosions, fires, spills, etc.
Natural disasters: earthquake, tsunami,
landslides, etc.
Recommendations made by INDECI must be included.
Drills should be programmed to optimize response
plans. They should maintain the necessary resources
for emergency response in good condition.

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5. Supervision and Control Mechanisms

Responsibility for monitoring compliance with safety


and health standards and working procedures, be
delegated to the immediate supervisor of each
employee.

Responsible for the work should be placed in a visible


place OHS Plan to be presented to the Safety
Inspectors of the Ministry of Labour / SUNAFIL.
Furthermore deliver a copy of the OHS Plan
representatives of employees.

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Session 207
Closure

Summary

1. Purpose of the Plan.


2. Description of the Occupational Health and Safety
Management System of the Company.
OHS Plan 3. Responsibilities in the implementation and
execution of the Plan.
4. Plan elements.
5. Monitoring and control mechanisms.

Responsible Site Engineer.

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Session 307
Thank you !!

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Session 407