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INSTALLATION INSTRUCTION FOR RUBBER JOINTS

READ THIS INSTALLATION INSTRUCTION BEFORE
INSTALLING THE PRODUCT

If there is any doubt, don’t hesitate to check our data sheets Ensure and check the proper length and motions against the
or consult us, www. amnitec. nl application!

AmniTec expansion joints are commonly supplied ready for It is important that the expansion joint be installed at the
installation. The standard flanges/fittings can be turned into length specified by AmniTec. They should never be extended
any desired position. Additional sealings are not in our scope, or compressed in order to make up for deficiencies in length,
but may be necessary. For fittings we recommend additional nor should they be offset to accommodate misaligned pipe
sealing for the threaded parts. work.

Remove the storage protection carefully if any, just before Make sure the expansion joint rating for temperature,
installation. Special care should be taken in order not to pressure, vacuum and movements match the system
damage at least the soft parts. requirements. Also check to make sure the elastomer
selected is (chemically) compatible with the process
Ensure that the joint interior and the piping system are fluid or gas.
free from damages, dirt, fat, grease, and rust, welding rest
materials or any other foreign materials. In case of the Check the risk of waterhammer (hydraulic) and/or
use of any cleaning products/agent, convince yourself and steamhammer (thermic, hot gas and water/condensate).
make sure that they are compatible with the bellow and/or Ensure adequate drainage, insulation, preventing water
expansion joint materials, as well as the piping (system). pockets, inclination of the piping, etc.

Start installation of the expansion joint only once all Avoid the installation of expansion joints in the immediate
work on the adjacent piping (flanges welding, anchors vicinity of pressure reducers, hot steam coolers, shut-down
setting, etc.) has been completed and cooled down. Rubber valves and butterfly valves etc., and if high frequency
expansion joints can easily be damaged by welding sparks or oscillations are expected due to turbulence.
heat, sharp objects, etc.

Avoid gradients, rotation or pipe misalignment that could
exceed the permissible movements of the rubber expansion
joint in use.

Ensure and check alignment of the mating pipe work!
Expansion joints are normally not designed to compensate
for piping misalignment. Misalignment reduces rated
movements, will cause severe stress and reduces service/life
time.

All information in this document is without any obligation, specifications subject to change without any notice. www.amnitec.nl

B.1) Before starting installation of the expansion joint ensure the counter flange have satisfactory sealing surfaces. FIG.C.nl . www. (fig. D RIGHT: WRONG: Weld neck flanges with correct ID prevent Uneven end of pipe can cause damage to damage to rubber. can be used to prevent damage to rubber. rubber. A. E FIG. FIG.amnitec. FIG. too large diameters. inner edge of counter flanges damage the rubber sealing face. B RIGHT: WRONG: Flanges with correct ID help prevent Flanges with too large female diameter can damage to rubber.E. grooved pipe ends. G RIGHT: Well rounded smooth edge prevents damage to rubber.D. All information in this document is without any obligation. Extending pipe ends. F RIGHT: WRONG: In case of B. D or F an additional flat seal Inner edge of flanges damages rubber. C FIG.F. damage rubber. specifications subject to change without any notice.G) FIG. A FIG.

www. H wrong l a r g e r than recommended max. see fig. conditions min.nl . which must be larger than the sealing surface of the expansion will lead to leaking. It must flanges of the piping are exactly of the same size. This might lead to the collar being drawn out of the sharp edges or welding beads. H) and serious damage/ leakage of the bellow and worse. E) should be only used in order to prevent to overlap installation gaps which are too large. for example if the This will cause overstressed rubber bellows. Seals be avoided to pull out expansion joints (as shown in fig. joint) Seals are not required if the sealing surface of the counter 2) Pay attention to the correct neutral length. Poor centering can cause rubber pull out. 1 mm less than or equal to recomm. specifications subject to change without any notice. max. flange groove. damage to the rubber sealing surface.amnitec. counter flanges have a slightly larger internal diameter. installation length Note : : Note Thebellows the bellowsmay maynot nottouch touch thescrews the screwsininallall operating operating conditions. installation length correct All information in this document is without any obligation.The rubber face must be centered exactly on/for the mating Attention: When using slip-on flanges the outside diameter opening. FIG.

nl . operation and therefore decrease life-time. Always use e. For the allowable range fastened/tightened in 3 uniform steps: of movement please see type specific data sheets. www. and for easy maintenance and repair. brand etc. 3) We recommend easy accessible installation of the rubber expansion joint in such a way to enable maintenance engineers etc. please check that the (sharp) ends of the bolts/screws may not reach the rubber bellow surface in ALL operating conditions. or slightly shorter. J All information in this document is without any obligation. (as shown in fig. J) than 3 mm during installation will absolutely decrease the allowable range of movement during service. gaps easy. If this is not possible. pay attention to the recommended installation length. J) Attention: A shortening or lengthening of the joint of more 3rd step: Finish fastening crosswise. If possible. (as shown in fig. (as shown in fig.amnitec. H) FIG. torque. 4) Bolts/screws should be mounted from the expansion joint side. to check production date. distance flanges or something equal. to parallel sealing surfaces. specifications subject to change without any notice.g. the length of the installation gap is designed to be equal 1st step: Tighten screws/bolts equally by hand. bolts and nuts. The low inherent resistance of our rubber bellows allows a compression by hand and makes mounting into slight smaller 2nd step: Fasten all screws/bolts crosswise with a 50Nm. cycle life.During the tightening of the screws. the collar 5) The screws/bolts have to be mounted and of the bellow will not seal properly.

19) AmniTec rubber joints commonly are bi-directional sparks.For joints up to DN 80. et) Up to and incl. 250 Nm Up to and incl. Don’t hesitate to check our data sheets or consult us in www. 17) ATEX: Warning! Elastomeric or similar surfaces should be cleaned if necessary with a wet 8) The rubber bellow of the expansion joint MAY cloth to avoid electrostatic charge.amnitec. amnitec. Always avoid TORSION! not both functions at the same time.nl . and flow direction is not current does not pass through the bellows. heating. see bellow and/or flange spec’s. DN 500. DN 1000. reconsider alternatives. (as shown in fig. 11) Permanent radiation heat above 90º C must be don’t hesitate to check our data sheets or consult us avoided. applicable. as well as proper guiding and anchoring of the piping are essential for the safe and proper use 7) The test pressure of a bellow or flange is 1. may result in impossible visual inspection. Proper selection and location of the 1mm remaining. Up to and incl. nl be used. 340 Nm. Also consider NEVER be painted and/or lubricated! This the risk of electrostatic charges created by the flow will cause damage to the rubber bellow and and/or system/piping. 100 Nm joints are affected by weather conditions (sunlight. 300 Nm 14) In double sphere joints. If necessary flame protection covers should in www. Rubber approx. ( we recommend visual inspection with regard to damages as well as harding of the rubber bellow) All information in this document is without any obligation. During electric and can therefore be installed either in horizontal welding it must be avoided that the electric and/or vertical Pipelines. torque is span significant. cutting etc. but subject to TORSION. www. Check always the proper anchoring and guiding to the piping. heating. torque is approx. nl Do not use any sharp-edged tools which might damage the rubber bellow. This value depends on which component is weaker. 130 Nm ozone. DN 900. flame. etc. specifications subject to change without any notice.amnitec. e.5 x of the joint. pipe system. 6) Pay attention to the absolute minimum distance 16) Consider the interaction between the system and between the metal flanges of “y” of at least the product. 310 Nm be necessary with bigger sizes. 80 Nm 13) Outdoor installation reduces rubber joints life For joints from DN 100 up to and incl. DN 800. 18) A rubber joint should work either as an anti- 9) The rubber bellow/expansion joint MAY NEVER be vibration device or as expansion joint. (system) If in doubt. pipe anchoring and guiding requirements are different. H) joints. 15) Allow enough space to ease maintenance perations. the use of root rings might Up to and incl. hot water and/or Up to and incl. (as shown in fig. DN 300. dryness. welding. 10) The rubber bellow must always be protected against heat by all means.g. 20) Ensure that the threading of the fittings is similar 12) Rubber expansion joints will always wear and must and/or proper/suited for use in combination with the be included into routine inspection of the mating pipe work. L) PN. DN 700. higher working pressures.

nl All information in this document is without any obligation. To maximize their operational efficiency bellows require VERY careful handling. 22) Check and ensure that the mating thread ends do NOT EXCEED the fitting threads. this will damage the rubber bellow/expansion joint and shorten lifetime. such as hemp core. www. www. (as shown in fig.21) Use a proper sealant(s) according and/or suitable for the applicable duty. installation. It is strongly recommended to check the during installation. The procedures described in tightness of the bolts about two weeks after these pages are therefore strongly recommended. particularly when a line is heated up and cooled down by repetition. to The following instructions. dark and cool warehouse/location.nl . don’t hesitate to check our data sheets or consult us. it the tightness of the bolts on a monthly basis must not be removed until after installation. 23) Tighten always with a plain or adjustable wrench on the hexagon swivel of the rubber joint only. it If expansion joints are provided with outside/inside is strongly advisable to continue to check protection (whether temporary or permanent. K) FIG.amnitec. Teflon tape etc. Therefore. never use the other hexagon part(s) to tighten. specifications subject to change without any notice. The other hexagon parts are for fixing purposes only. until such time as the last check shows no further tightening is required. sometimes overlapping. Rubber joints should be stored in a relatively dry. proper care must be taken of time. ensure that the calculated lifetime and pressure must be observed during installation. K 24) All rubber materials tend to relax over a period capacity are maintained. In extreme cases. If there is any doubt. amnitec.

Ruptures.when installing the expansion joint. Do . Never Furthermore. Do . if only the bellows is required. Stretching Do . expansion joint must be installed. Do . before installing PROPER and an expansion joint may reduce its lifetime and pressure CORRECT guiding. gaps etc. (See fig.nl .check for and remove any material adhering to the documentation. when internal sleeves/lining is fitted.always check the need of tie-rods. insulation is applied over a thin cover to protect the bellows. Do .only use the lugs for lifting the expansion joint. L 4D 14D L max Expansion joint Anchor 1st Guide 2nd Guide All other guides Anchor D = Pipe DN All information in this document is without any obligation. it is extended to the correct length before installation. in and/or on the bellows may the expansion joint may be insulated. guide be located a maximum of 4 pipe diameters away from pointing in the direction of flow. Possible fixed points must be direction.check that there is no misalignment of the expansion Do . it is generally recommended that the expansion joint be located near an anchor. axial movement only. L) Do . Do . always ensure that reduce both lifetime and pressure capacity. Do . www. ensure that the are fitted in the direction of the flow and not in the opposite pipe line is straight and in-line. spacing and anchoring of the piping. the expansion joint. capacity.ensure that.when locating pipe guides for applications involving joint other than that specified in the design phase.remove all shipping devices after installation and prior Between any two fixed points/guides.correct or line up the piping system to accommodate the required length of the expansion joint.install the expansion joint with the flow indicator. must be made available for the expansion joint to move freely. placed so as to allow correct expansion to the piping system in accordance with the type of expansion joint chosen.amnitec. Do .inspect bellows and steel components for any physical Do . they Do .if acceptance has already been given by AmniTec that damage.DO’S AND DON’TS Do .ensure that. inside or outside of the bellows. sufficient free space ever use the bellow itself. if the bellows is insulated. if any.check the length of the expansion joint always against the application via our drawing and/or specification/ Do . specifications subject to change without any notice. L) FIG. (See fig. ONLY ONE axial to the pressure test. and that the first Do .ensure and check. Bellows must never be covered directly with insulation.

weld near the expansion joints or weld the flanges Do-NOT .use shipping bars to retain pressure thrust in pressure test or in operation. hinges. ITY AND/OR GUARANTEE ETC.expose bellows to weld splatter or wheel swarf.open or remove anything from the package before the extra weight of the testing media contained within the installation.drop or bump the bellows. always consult AmniTec. amnitec. Do-NOT . Never use any plastic blankets or foils. etc. Bellows are UNABLE to take up any will either burn or seriously damage the expansion joints. Do-NOT . expansion joint during testing.amnitec. Do-NOT . www.use an expansion joint to take up any Do-NOT . cleaning the bellows.use any detergent.nl Always ensure that adequate support is provided to take Do-NOT .pressure test to more than that pressure which If necessary. Do-NOT . Do-NOT . consultation with AmniTec. doubt.remove any protection.Do-NOT . Do-NOT . TORSIONAL movement. www.use any mechanical and abrasive methods for misalignment other than that specified in the design phase. shipping devices etc. Do-NOT .attach chains or other lifting devices directly to IF THE INSTRUCTIONS ARE NOT STRICTLY FOL- LOWED.nl. Do-NOT . Do-NOT . protect the bellows with “non chloride” wet is specified by the certificate requirements.amnitec. This bolt alignment etc. WE WILL DECLINE FROM ANY RESPONSIBIL- the bellows.insulate the expansion joint without prior to installation. prior Do-NOT . consult AmniTec. as lifting lugs.nl .forcibly rotate one end of an expansion joint for to the piping after the expansion joints are installed.use the tie-rods. If there is any protection blankets. www.