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EXPERIMENT 3 Fx1+Fx2+Fx3=-47.9-47.

9-
21.5=-117N
6. Applications
Summation of Fy:
1. 1. State the first condition for Fy1+Fy2+Fy3=10.2-
equilibrium. If a body is in 10.2+44.0=44.0N
equilibrium, are there no forces
acting on it? Resultant:
F=sqrt(117^2+44^2)=125N
The first condition of angle:
equilibrium states that the theta=inverse tan(44/117)=20.6
vector sum of all the forces degrees.
acting on that body must be
zero for a body to be So the the force pulling on the
in equilibrium. If a body is in leg will be 125N at an angle of
equilibrium, it is not necessary 20.6N above the horizontal.
that there are no forces acting
on it but there could be several 3. What happens to the center of
forces acted upon it, however, gravity of a person under the
are balanced thats why the following situations? a.) His
body is said to be in upper right extremity is
equilibrium. amputated. b.) He carries all his
books using the right arm only.
2. The Russell traction system
shown below is used for a a. When his upper right
fractured femur. Identify the extremity is amputated the
forces acting on the femur. If center of gravity of a person
the weight hang is 5.0 kg, find will shift to the left a little bit
the force needed to immobilize and slightly downward.
the femur. What will supply the
force? b. When he carries all his books
using the right arm only then
The tension T in the cable is: center of gravity will shift
T=m*g=5*9.8=49N slightly up and right.

X and Y components: 4. Devise a way by which you


F1: 49N at 12 degrees NW: could determine your center of
Fx1=-49*cos(12)=-47.9N and gravity.
Fy1=49*sin(12)=10.2N
Balancing Act: a person could
F2: 49N at 12 degrees SW: recline on a piece of wood in
Fx2=-49*cos(12)=-49.7N and two directions: parallel and
Fy2=-49*sin(12)=-10.2N perpendicular to the board.
With either measurement, the
F3: 49N at 26 degrees WN: person would move from one
Fx3=-49*sin(26)=-21.5N and side to the next. The point
Fy3=49*cos(26)=44.0N where the body is in
equilibrium, in each axis,
Summation of Fx: would be the center. The axes
will meet at a point, and that
point will be the center of
gravity.

5. In general, the womens centers


of gravity tend to be lower than
mens. Can you explain why?

The womens center of gravity


tends to be lower than the
mens because of the skeletal
structure. Women have a bigger
pelvis area because they will
need the extra support when the
time that they become
pregnant, and their bodies will
be supporting a baby. This
makes the center of gravity of
women slightly lower because
more of their body mass is
concentrated at the lower
portion of their body.