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For compressible flow, pressure and velocity can be coupled with the Equation of State. But for incompressible flow, there is no obvious way to

couple pressure and velocity.

So, take the divergence of the momentum equation and use the continuity equation to get a Poisson equation for pressure.

(1)

(2)

Mass conservation (1) for is a kind of kinematic constraint to the momentum equation (2)

PROBLEM: There is no obvious way to couple the velocity and pressure (for compressible fluids we would have an equation of state, which

provides a relation between density and pressure)

Now take the divergence of the momentum equations, if is the vector of momentum equations, the divergence is:

1 of 3 12/5/2016 11:03 PM

1. Poisson Equation for Pressure The Visual Room http://www.thevisualroom.com/poisson_for_pressure.html

Re-arrange:

Re-arrange:

Now pressure and velocity are coupled in the continuous domain.

We have shown that the Poissons Equation is valid in the continuous domain, but in the numerical domain, we use discretisation

2 of 3 12/5/2016 11:03 PM

1. Poisson Equation for Pressure The Visual Room http://www.thevisualroom.com/poisson_for_pressure.html

Discretise in time: FD in time, with pressure at time (the pressure that corresponds with the velocity at )

Now take the divergence of the momentum equations, if is the vector of momentum equations, the divergence is:

In the numerical scheme, we want a divergence free velocity at the next step, i.e. to satisfy continuity

But at the current step we may have due to numerical errors

So we cant cancel out the divergence of velocity in the numerical domain (although we could in the continuous domain)

Solve the momentum equation for velocity, numerically (the divergence of the velocity might not be zero)

Solve the Poisson equation for pressure, forcing the divergence to be zero

Correct the velocity to satisfy continuity

In the numerical domain the velocity field we are producing with the Navier Stokes equations is not completely divergence free

Think of the velocity obtained from the Navier Stokes as being at an intermediate step

And

We need so that continuity is satisfied

3 of 3 12/5/2016 11:03 PM

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