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Solution Key Problem Set 4

The following linear programming problem has been solved by The Management Scientist. Use the
output to answer the questions.

LINEAR PROGRAMMING PROBLEM

MAX 25X1+30X2+15X3
S.T.
1) 4X1+5X2+8X3<1200
2) 9X1+15X2+3X3<1500

OPTIMAL SOLUTION
Objective Function Value = 4700.000

Variable Value Reduced Cost
X1 140.000 0.000
X2 0.000 10.000
X3 80.000 0.000

Constraint Slack/Surplus Dual Price
1 0.000 1.000
2 0.000 2.333

OBJECTIVE COEFFICIENT RANGES
Variable Lower Limit Current Value Upper Limit
X1 19.286 25.000 45.000
X2 No Lower Limit 30.000 40.000
X3 8.333 15.000 50.000

RIGHT HAND SIDE RANGES
Constraint Lower Limit Current Value Upper Limit
1 666.667 1200.000 4000.000
2 450.000 1500.000 2700.000

a. Give the complete optimal solution.
b. Which constraints are binding?
c. What is the dual price for the second constraint? What interpretation does this have?
d. Over what range can the objective function coefficient of x2 vary before a new solution
point becomes optimal?
e. By how much can the amount of resource 2 decrease before the dual price will change?

f. What would happen if the first constraint's right-hand side increased by 700 and the
second's decreased by 350?

ANS:

a. x1 = 140, x2 = 0, x3 = 80, s1 = 0, s2 = 0, obj. func. = 4700
b. Constraints 1 and 2 are binding.
c. Dual price 2 = 2.33. A unit increase in the right-hand side of constraint 2 will increase the
value of the objective function by 2.33.
d. As long as c2
e. 1050
f.
change.

what constraints will be binding? e.t.33. x1A + x1B x2A + x2B 200 x3A + x3B x4A + x4B . 1) x1 + x2 2) 2x1 + x2 3) 2x1 + 5x2 4) x1 . ANS: Min 5x1A + 6x1B + 4x2A + 2x2B + 3x3A + 6x3B + 9x4A + 7x4B s. . Constraints 1 and 2 will be binding. c2 c. x1 = 250.t. Find the dual price for each constraint in the original problem. = 475 d. x2 a. over what range can c2 vary before there is a change in the optimal solution point? c. If the objective function becomes Min 1. func.) Question Number 3 Write the LP formulation for this transportation problem. x2 = 50. Keeping c2 fixed at 2. obj. and the objective function? d. 0. If the objective function becomes Min 7x1 + 6x2. e. Dual prices are . what will be the optimal values of x1. over what range can c1 vary before there is a change in the optimal solution point? b. x2. c1 b. Keeping c1 fixed at 1. Min x1 + 2x2 s.Question Number 2 The binding constraints for this problem are the first and second.5x1 + 2x2.33 (The first and third values are negative. ANS: a.

Min 2xAX + 3xAY + 5xAZ+ 9xBX + 12xBY + 10xBZ s. Source Supply Destination Demand A 200 X 50 B 100 Y 125 C 150 Z 125 Shipping costs are: Destination Source X Y Z A 3 2 5 B 9 10 -- C 5 6 4 (Source B cannot ship to destination Z) .t. Information about the move is given below. xAX + xAY + xAZ xBX + xBY + xBZ xAX + xBX = 300 xAY + xBY = 300 xAZ + xBZ = 300 xij ANS: Question Number 5 Canning Transport is to move goods from three factories to three distribution centers. x1A + x2A + x3A + x4A = 250 x1B + x2B + x3B + x4B = 250 all xij Question Number 4 Draw the network for this transportation problem. Give the network model and the linear programming model for this problem.

t.ANS: Min 3xAX + 2xAY + 5xAZ + 9xBX + 10xBY + 5xCX + 6xCY + 4xCZ s.t. ANS: Min 3x16 + 2x14 + 3x15 + 5x24 + 6x25 + 2x32 + 8x34 + 10x35 + 5x46 + 9x47 + 12x56 + 15x57 s. x16 + x14 + x35 x24 + x25 x23 x32 + x34 + x35 x46 + x47 x14 + x24 + x34) = 0 x56 + x57 x15 + x25 + x35) = 0 x16 + x46 + x56 = 600 . xAX + xAY + xAZ xBX + xBY xCX + xCY + xCZ xDX + xDY + xDZ xAX + xBX + xCX + xDX = 250 xAY + xBY + xCY + xDY = 125 xAZ + xBZ + xCZ + xDZ = 125 xij Question Number 6 Write the linear program for this transshipment problem.

and L3 as node 7 Min 50x13 + 500x14 + 600x23 + 450x24 + 250x35 + 300x36 + 500x37 + 350x45 + 650x46 + 450x47 s. RVW sells 10 each to three different used car lots. ANS: a. Repair Shops Used Car Lots S1 S2 L1 L2 L3 Auction 1 550 500 S1 250 300 500 Auction 2 600 450 S2 350 650 450 b. b. RVW is concerned with minimizing its total cost given the costs in the table below. Formulate this problem as a transshipment linear programming model. x13 + x14  15 x23 + x24  15 x13 + x23  x35  x36  x37 = 0 x14 + x24  x45  x46  x47 = 0 x35 + x45 = 10 x36 + x46 = 10 x37 + x4 = 10 xij  0 for all i. L2 as node 6. There are various costs associated with the average purchase and transportation prices from each auction to each repair shop. S1 as node 3. S2 as node 4. x56 + x57 = 600 Question Number 7 RVW (Restored Volkswagens) buys 15 used VW's at each of two car auctions each week held at different locations. c c. Given the costs below. a. L1 as node 5. When they are restored to RVW's specifications. Also there are transportation costs from the repair shops to the used car lots.j . draw a network representation for this problem.t. A2 as node 2. It then transports the cars to repair shops it contracts with. Report the optimal solution using excel solver. Denote A1 as node 1.