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Republic of the Philippines

Quezon City

In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

President of the Philippines,



Complainants, through counsels, respectfully state that:


One of the worst crimes of Pres. Gloria Arroyo is that she abets the
plunder of our economy and national treasury through corruption, bribery and
anomalous contracts, callously handing out millions of pesos of bribe money to
members of Congress and other allies to cover up these anomalies while millions
of Filipinos are groveling in hardship and dying of poverty and hunger.

More than plunder, however, Pres. Arroyo is also criminally responsible for
the deaths of many Filipinos through a national security policy that allows state
security forces to commit heinous human rights violations with impunity, even
rewarding its most vicious perpetrators.

This impeachment complaint aims to bring to the fore the crimes of one of
the most corrupt and brutal presidencies in Philippine history.

This impeachment complaint charges Pres. Gloria Arroyo with Betrayal of

Public Trust, Graft and Corruption, Bribery, Culpable Violation of the Constitution,
and other High Crimes. It aims to present evidence, through an impeachment
trial, sufficient to convict Pres. Arroyo for gross human rights violations, graft and
corruption, bribery and electoral fraud.

Since 2001, Respondent Arroyo has indulged in an orgy of corruption

starting with the $14 million IMPSA payoff while the people inextricably wallows
in poverty to subsidize her plunder of public funds. She has presided over the
crafting and implementation of a National Internal Security Plan, with a military
component called “Oplan Bantay Laya,” causing the perpetration of gross human
rights violations by state forces on innocent victims, mostly leaders and activists
of organizations critical of her administration, and including entire communities
throughout the country.
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Obsessed with holding on to power, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo committed

electoral fraud and another round of graft ridden misuse of public funds to ensure
her victory in the 2004 elections. She used government resources in, among
others, the Ginintuang Masagana Ani (GMA) fertilizer fund scam, the Road Users
Tax, and PhilHealth to prop up her electoral campaign. She then illegally used
the powers of her office to ensure her victory through the manipulation of election
result as exposed by the “Hello Garci” tapes.

In order to suppress the rising opposition to her corrupt and illegitimate

regime, which drastically escalated after the Hello Garci scandal in 2005, she
again unleashed the armed forces and the police on the people and increasingly
committed massive violations of human rights in the form of extra judicial killings,
enforced disappearance, torture and the other heinous atrocities. To stem the
rising anger and wave of protest of the people against such flagrant display of
greed, corruption and brutality, she abused her executive powers to violate
constitutional rights through Executive Order 464, the Calibrated Preemptive
Response policy and Proclamation 1017.

Respondent Gloria Arroyo, afraid that she would suffer the same fate as
Pres. Ferdinand Marcos and Pres. Joseph Estrada should evidence against her
be presented in an impeachment proceedings, used bribery and deceit by
causing the filing of sham impeachment complaints which were eventually
dismissed by her allies in Congress in order to immunize her from genuine
impeachment complaints. She failed to realize, however, that the people could
not be denied their demand for accountability and punishment, as the opposition
against her regime drastically increased with each callous disregard of calls for

The impunity with which she managed to commit her crimes so far has
emboldened her. She was exposed through a Senate inquiry of committing graft
and corruption in the negotiations for the ZTE-National Broadband Network
contract in order to get millions of dollars in kickbacks that would ultimately be
paid by the Filipino people in the form of loan payments.

Afraid of an impeachment proceedings that would further expose her

involvement in the anomalous ZTE-NBN contract, Respondent Gloria Arroyo
threw caution to the wind and attempted to bribe members of the House of
Representatives and local government officials right in Malacanang Palace in
order to ensure that no genuine impeachment complaint prospers. Unfortunately
for Respondent Arroyo, the attempt to bribe government officials was exposed by
the recipients of the bribe money themselves, such as Governors Fr. Ed Panlilio
of Pampanga and John Mendoza of Bulacan, and Manila Congressman
Bienvenido Abante.

It is under this context that today, a comprehensive and genuine

impeachment complaint is filed by the Filipino people. This impeachment
complaint is the strongest of all impeachment complaints because it contains the
admission of Respondent’s allies, including members of her political party, of her
involvement in the ZTE-NBN contract and the subsequent bribery attempt in the
presidential palace. This impeachment complaint contains more direct evidence
against respondent for human rights violations with the surfacing of witnesses in
the disappearance of the two UP students Sherlyn Cadapan and Karen Empeño,
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President of the Philippines

in the Jonas Burgos case and the testimony of others who managed to survive
and escape from their military and police captors proving that indeed, human
rights violations are a result of national policy. The evidence to prove the 2004
electoral fraud is now strengthened with the admissions of TSgt. Vidal Doble in
an official Senate inquiry.

This genuine comprehensive impeachment complaint will test whether

members of Congress believe in the constitutional principle that ‘public officials
are accountable at all times”. This genuine comprehensive complaint seeks to
take Pres. Gloria Arroyo to account for her crimes. The people have found the
above charges against Pres. Arroyo sufficient in substance and form. Members
of the House of Representatives are called upon to heed the voice of their
constituency and approve the articles of impeachment so that an impeachment
trial in the Senate can ensue forthwith.

This impeachment complaint is a valid complaint that must be received by

the House, referred to the Justice Committee and given due course. Under the
Constitution, the Speaker of the House has no recourse but to fulfill his
ministerial duty to refer an impeachment complaint to the Justice Committee. The
Speaker, or any individual member of the House, has no discretion to dismiss or
return an impeachment complaint, such power being reserved in the Committee
of Justice and the House of Representatives.

The people is filing this complaint because, unlike the sham Pulido
complaint, it is a genuine complaint that contains allegations and evidence to
prove the crimes of respondent Gloria Arroyo. The filing of this complaint is
intended to give the House of Representatives the chance to correct its self-
serving and erroneous rule which protects impeachable officials from public
accountability by entertaining only one impeachment complaint per year, no
matter how frivolous, and disregarding genuine and legitimate impeachment

The rule previously used by Congress to declare as inadmissible “second”

or “subsequent” complaints filed after the filing and referral of a “first”
impeachment complaint is without constitutional basis. Section 1, Article XI of
the Constitution states that: “Public office is a public trust. Public officers and
employees must at all times be accountable to the people x x x “. The same
article XI also declares in Section 3 [1] that:

Sec. 3 (1) The House of Representatives shall have the exclusive

power to initiate all cases of impeachment.

The only time that the House initiates an impeachment case or

proceedings is when it approves the Articles of Impeachment. Any impeachment
complaint against Pres. Gloria Arroyo may be filed any time before said Article of
Impeachment is approved. The argument of Pres. Arroyo’s allies in Congress
that the impeachment proceedings was initiated when Deputy Speaker Raul del
Mar referred the complaint filed by Atty. Robert Pulido to the Justice Committee
is a direct violation of the Constitution. Only an action by the House as an
institution, not by the Speaker or any individual for that matter, can initiate an
impeachment proceedings.
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The people condemn the human rights violations. The people are angered
by the attempt to bribe members of Congress in Malacanang and the blatant
corruption that accompanied the ZTE-NBN contract. Members of the House of
Representatives must heed the call of the people they swore to represent in
Congress. President Gloria Arroyo must be impeached.


1. The Complainants are Filipino citizens, of legal age, residents of the

Philippines, and are named below. The lead complainants are the following

a. Bagong Alyansang Makabayan [BAYAN] represented by its

Chairperson Dr. Carol Araullo;
b. KARAPATAN, represented by its General Secretary Ms. Marie Hilao
c. Former Vice President Teofisto Guingona Jr.
d. Mr. Rafael Mariano of the Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP)
and Anakpawis Party List
e. Mr. Rez Cortez of the National Council of Concerned Volunteers
f. Mother Mary John Manazan, OSB
g. Dr. Bienvenido Lumbrera
h. Amadao G. Inciong
i. Mr. Gerry Cunanan
j. Mr. Jose Luis Burgos
k. Fr. Rudy Abao
l. Mr. Renato Reyes of the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (BAYAN)
m. Mr. Ferdinand R. Gaite of the Confederation of Unity, Recognition
And Advancement of Government Employees (COURAGE)
n. Ma. Lourdes Santiago-Agustin of the Promotion of Church People’s
Response (PCPR)
o. Rev. Raymundo P. Gelloagan of the Promotion of Church People’s
Response (PCPR)
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President of the Philippines

p. Mr. Joselito V. Ustarez of the Kilusang Mayo Uno (KMU)

q. Mr. Antonio L. Tinio of the Alliance of Concerned Teachers (ACT)
r. Dr. Darby E. Santiago
s. Ms. Emerenciana de Jesus of Gabriela
t. Rey Claro Casambre of the Philippine Peace Center (PPC)
u. Mr. Albert Aguiar of the First Quarter Storm Movement (FQSM)

They may be served with summons, notices and other legal processes of the
instant proceeding through the undersigned counsels at 4th Floor KAIJA
Building 7836 Makati Avenue corner Valdez St. Makati City

2. Respondent Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is the President of the Republic of

the Philippines and she may be served with legal processes at
Malacañang Palace, Manila.

3. Respondent Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo formally took her oath of office and

assumed and discharged her functions as President of the Philippines on
June 30, 2004 and made the following oath of office:

…I will faithfully and conscientiously fulfill my duties as President of

the Philippines, preserve and defend its constitution, execute its
laws, do justice to every man, and consecrate myself to the service
of the nation...1

1987 Philippine Constitution, Art VII § 5.
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4. The following are the causes of action:





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5. Under the United States’ encouragement and direction and using as

pretext the US “war on terror”, the Arroyo government has not only
intensified its “counter-insurgency campaign” against the CPP-NDFP-NPA,
it has also flagrantly resorted to physically attacking the legal democratic
movement since 2001. Leaders and activists of progressive organizations
have been harassed, arrested without warrant, abducted and forced to
disappear, as well as summarily executed with a frequency and brutality
exceeding that under martial law. Finding her regime’s legitimacy under
question after the fraudulent elections in 2004, Macapagal-Arroyo further
resorted to repressive measures and intensified and escalated the attacks
on the open and legal democratic movement and the political opposition.

6. The growing number of extrajudicial killings and other gross human rights
violations committed by the Arroyo government’s military and police forces
in the Philippines today cry out for justice. KARAPATAN (Alliance for the
Advancement of Peoples’ Rights) has documented since 2001 when Mrs.
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo assumed the presidency more than 800 victims
of extra-judicial killings, not including more than 350 who survived
assassination attempts. At least 207 have been abducted and forcibly
disappeared. Tens of thousands have also become internal refugees as a
result of military operations, which include indiscriminate bombings and
strafing of rural communities, and Vietnam-vintage “hamletting” to
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depopulate “rebel-infested” areas and “remove the water in which the fish

7. These atrocities have been perpetrated systematically and relentlessly for

more than six years with hardly an utterance of genuine concern,
condemnation, much less decisive action from the respondent to stop
these atrocities and prosecute the perpetrators. In fact, she praised,
promoted and coddled the military commanders, including those with track
records of grievous human rights violations. As commander-in-chief, she
publicly gave both tacit and overt approval and encouragement to the
military campaigns of suppression. Those who perpetrate the atrocities
enjoy the license to kill, abduct, torture and massacre “enemies of the
state” with impunity. The rapid promotion and public acclamation accorded
to the most vicious, ruthless and outspoken proponent of the killings, Maj.
Gen. Palparan by Macapagal-Arroyo herself was the clearest proof that
indeed, the killings were state policy.

8. Oplan Bantay-Laya, the Arroyo government’s counter-insurgency

campaign launched in 2002, differs from its failed predecessors mainly in
targeting suspected civilian sympathizers and supporters of the CPP-NPA
in town and urban centers. The AFP, police and other government
strategists searching for the elusive key to victory over the three-decade
old people’s war have come to the conclusion that they have been too soft
on the legal democratic organizations. AFP documents and other official
documents on internal security stress now the need to conduct military
operations not only against the guerrilla forces in the countryside but also
against those considered aboveground, legal machinery that allegedly
supports the armed revolutionary movement. The AFP embarked on a
“Target Research” program in 2004 aimed at an intelligence build-up,
complete with quotas and timetables, on progressive organizations and
personalities tagged as “enemies of the state” and marked for
“neutralization’, a military euphemism for physical elimination. Most of
those assassinated, forcibly disappeared, tortured and massacred were
priority subjects of this “target research”.
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9. The Arroyo government’s intensified attacks on the people, marked by the

cold-blooded murder of unarmed political activists, church people,
journalists, lawyers and judges, teachers and human rights defenders
continue to multiply with impunity. These are motivated by Arroyo’s drive
for political survival and are in line with the US government’s “war on
terror” and the economic interest of multinational corporations in the
Philippines. This explains why the Arroyo government has not lifted a
finger to render justice to the victims of human rights violations, and to
address the violations of the people’s social, economic, cultural rights, as
well as the violations of the Filipino people’s sovereignty and right to self-
determination. Taking a cue from the US-led global war on terror and
emboldened and encouraged by the US government, the Arroyo
government estimates it can also justify, gloss over or cover up, in the
name of counter-terrorism, violations of human rights, international
humanitarian law, and international law.

10. Well-documented cases of human rights violations have already been

brought to the attention of the United Nations through its offices in New
York and Geneva. A number of international entities have also conducted
fact-finding missions and have issued reports, recommendations and
condemnations of the regime’s lack of resolute action to stop the killings.
Among these international groups are the Amnesty International,
International Parliamentarians’ Union, Asian Human Rights Commission,
the International Labor Solidarity Mission, the International Peasants Fact
Finding Mission, the Hong Kong Fact-Finding Mission to the Philippines,
Reporters Sans Frontiers, a delegation of church leaders led by the World
Council of Churches and the Christian Conference of Asia, Lawyers
without Borders and Lawyers for Lawyers from the Netherlands,
International Association of Democratic Lawyers, International Association
of People’s Lawyers, and four women lawyers from the United States.

11. Various church organizations like the World Council of Churches,

Christian Conference of Asia, World Alliance of Reformed Churches, World
Methodist Council, Episcopal Church of the USA, Uniting Church of
Australia, United Church of Canada, United Methodist Church of the USA,
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United Evangelical Mission of Germany and the National Council of

Churches in Japan have likewise issued their statements and resolutions
calling on the Manila government to bring an end to the killings. Notably, a
number of Members of Parliament from Europe and a number of officials
from other countries have also expressed concerns over the deteriorating
human rights situation in the Philippines. The list continues to lengthen.

12. In response to this growing international pressure, Macapagal-Arroyo

belatedly saw the need to take a pro-forma official action by creating the
Melo Commission in September 2006 to look into the killings. This step
was clearly intended to deflect and diffuse the barrage of criticisms against
her government. But before this Commission could start its investigation,
Mrs. Arroyo issued a blanket statement absolving her military and police
forces of any wrongdoing, despite testimonies from survivors and
witnesses to the contrary. As expected, the Melo Commission, in the
report it had recently submitted to President Arroyo, cleared her and the
AFP top brass of any responsibility, instead blaming the killings on Gen.
Palparan and a “small group” of rogue military and police elements, as well
as gangsters and even the New People’s Army. Curiously, Malacanang
adamantly refused to release the Melo Commission report to the public
until it had to give in to both international and local pressure to do so.

13. Nearly simultaneous with the submission and eventual release of the
Melo Commission report was the statement of Philip Alston, the UN
Special Rapporteur on Extra-judicial killings, on his findings after a 10-day
visit. Mr. Alston met with the representatives of the government, including
top Cabinet, military and police officials, human rights groups and relatives
of victims of extra-judicial killings. In his press statement, Mr. Alston
rejected the various government, military and police “theories” that
absolved them from any responsibility in the killings. While he said it was
clear to him that the killings are not state policy and are not centrally
directed, Alston nonetheless attributed some of the killings to the
government’s counter-insurgency program and indicated he would
examine this in greater detail in his final report. Despite the findings of Mr.
Alston and the Melo Commission attributing political killings to the AFP,
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Arroyo reiterated her earlier statement absolving the military of the crimes
and declaring that “99.9% of the AFP is good”.

14. The struggle to uphold and defend human rights and the peoples’ rights
continues. The Filipino people have shown that they cannot be cowed by
terror nor duped by the Arroyo regime. They persist in seeking and finding
avenues to make this despicable situation known throughout the world, to
seek justice, and gather the broadest support for their just and legitimate
struggle for national self-determination and social emancipation.

15. It is with this aim and hope that we include these comprehensive
charges of human rights violations against Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in this
impeachment complaint.

16. From the time Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo came to power on January 21,
2001 up to November 2006, there have been a total of 6,990 cases of
human rights violations victimizing 396,099 individuals recorded and
documented by KARAPATAN, a human rights alliance.

17. From 2001 to the present, there have been 886 documented cases of
extrajudicial killings, with 357 more cases of frustrated assassinations, i.e.,
the victim or intended victim survived the attempt on their lives. At least
198 persons have been forcibly disappeared and remain missing to this
day, most of them already presumed dead. Hundreds have been tortured
while tens of thousands have been harassed and displaced from their
homes and farms, and have experienced physical and psychological
assault in the course of military operations or while exercising their rights
to assembly and free speech.

18. The targeted victims include peasant leaders, union leaders and
members of farmers and workers’ organizations, human rights workers,
judges and lawyers, journalists, priests and church workers including a
former Supreme Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church. Most
were uniformly subjected to anti-communist slander, vilification, and death
threats by the military before they were physically attacked.
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19. The intensifying political repression is being done with utmost brutality
and impunity. From January 2006 to February 8, 2007 alone, 148 leaders,
members and supporters of different mass organizations and party-list
groups were summarily killed throughout the country.

20. Witnesses point to the police, military and paramilitary forces as the
perpetrators of the killings, disappearances, torture, illegal arrests and
detention and other violations.

21. The killings are concentrated in Southern Tagalog, Central Luzon,

Bicol region, Eastern Visayas, the Ilocos and Cordillera regions. These are
the regions identified in Oplan Bantay Laya as “priority areas” and where
“counter-insurgency” military operations are most intense and sustained.

22. The commission of the violations is centrally directed, showing a clear

pattern and practice based on the state policy of deliberate terror.

23. Specifically, the following illustrative and highlighted cases-- chosen

from among seventy case files of summary execution or extrajudicial
killing, abduction and involuntary disappearances, massacre, torture,
illegal arrest and detention, forced dislocation of communities and other
violations of human rights in the Philippines since Pres. Gloria Arroyo
assumed the presidency on 21 January 2001-- show the breadth and
depth and the heinousness and unmatched impunity with which violations
of human rights as well as general principles of international law have
been perpetrated by the Defendants in concert with each other.


Enforced Disappearance of Jonas Joseph Burgos

24. On the night of April 28, 2007, Jonas, 28 years old and married, did not
come home. The Burgos family became anxious. They sent him a text
message the whole night asking on his whereabouts. At 10:46 a.m. the
following day, they received a reply saying “sensya na ligo lang.”
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25. The exchange of text messages continued, with Jonas family trying to
find out about his condition, but the reply from Jonas’ phone did not make
any sense. His family then called him up. They were able to talk to him
but his voice sounded like he was drugged and his answer was unclear.
They continued to check on him through text messages and by ringing his
mobile phone from time to time. His mobile phone was turned on the
whole day of April 29 but he could no longer be reached by 6 p.m. until the
morning of April 30.

26. At 1 p.m. on April 30, 2007, the Burgos family called a press
conference. Witnesses surfaced after news of Jonas’ abduction was aired
in the evening news.

27. Witnesses confirmed that at about 1:30 p.m. of April 28, 2007, Jonas
was violently seized by four (4) to six (6) strongly built men and a boyish
looking woman while he was alone eating lunch in Hapag Kainan
Restaurant at Ever Gotesco Mall, Commonwealth Ave., Quezon City. The
burly men mobbed Jonas. Witnesses say they heard Jonas crying out
loud “Ano ‘yan, sir? Baril at posas ‘yan ah!” Jonas tried to seek help from
an employee of the restaurant, saying “Ma’am, aktibista lang po ako.” But
the men introduced themselves as police officers, thereby putting off any
possible help for Jonas.

28. Jonas was handcuffed and forcibly dragged out of the restaurant. He
tried to catch the attention of the people around and was heard shouting
“Aktibista lang ako! Wala akong kasalanan!” But no one did come to his
aid because the men mobbing him announced they were police officers.

29. Jonas was forced into a maroon Toyota Revo bearing a license plate
TAB-194. The plate was later traced to a certain Mauro Mudlong, its
registered owner. It was also found out, however, that the plate was
attached to a 1991 model of Isuzu utility van and not to a Toyota Revo;
that the registered vehicle was impounded on June 24, 2006 with the 56th
Infantry Battalion after the vehicle had been intercepted by Private First
Class Jose Villena Corporal Castro Bugallon of the 56th IBPA (based in
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San Mateo, Norzagaray, Bulacan) for transporting illegal logs; that the
military turned it over to the DENR, but for lack of space for impoundment,
the latter returned the vehicle to the custody of the 56th IBPA sans the
illegally cut timber; and that the impounded vehicle had been in the 56th
IBPA compound since 2006.

30. Jonas’ family and friends believe the military are behind his forced
disappearance because of his political activities. An agriculture graduate,
Jonas since 1998 had been actively giving agricultural training to members
of Alyansa ng Magbubukid sa Bulakan (AMB), a provincial chapter of the
militant Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas, several leaders and members
of which were victims of extrajudicial killing perpetrated by the military.

31. Police investigators reported they took the statements of five army
officers, namely: Lt.Col. Melquiades L. Feliciano, commanding officer of
the 56th IBPA; Lt. Col. Noel S. Clemente, commanding officer of the
Security and Escort Battalion based in Fort Bonifacio; Lt. Col. Edison
Caga, commanding officer of 69th IBPA satationed in Pampanga; Cpl.
Castro Bugallo and Pfc. Jose Villena of the 56th IBPA. Said military officers
denied any involvement or participation in the abduction. The police also
made cartographic sketches of the abductors as described by witnesses.

32. On May 8, 2007, Jonas’ mother, Edita, searched for her son at ISAFP
but its chief, Brig. Gen. Delfin Banguit denied they had custody of Jonas.
After media reports later came out stating that AFP Chief of Staff Gen.
Hermogenes Esperon, Jr. had ordered the Army Provost Marshal and the
Inspector General to conduct an investigation into the involvement of the
five above-named army officers in the abduction of Jonas, Edita, through
her lawyer, wrote on May 21, 2007, to Gen. Esperon requesting for a copy
of the report of the Provost Marshal and the Inspector General.

33. On May 29, 2007, Edita had an audience with Executive Secretary
Eduardo Ermita to seek his help in the search for Jonas. Sec. Ermita
responded by arranging a meeting between Edita and Gen. Esperon on
June 6, 2007 at 10 a.m.
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34. On June 2, 2007, Edita received a call from President Gloria

Macapagal-Arroyo who reminded her to go see Esperon and saying it
would help hasten the investigation.

35. On June 6, 2007, at 10 a.m., Edita’s lawyers and her brother Jimmy
Tronqued went to see Gen. Esperon. (Edita could not make it to the
meeting as she she was suffering from vertigo attack.) Instead of meeting
with Esperon, however, the two were met by certain Lt. Cols. Lucero and

36. On June 21, 2007, Edita received a letter from the Judge Advocate
General, Brig. Gen. Nemesio I. Dabal, stating that they could not release a
copy of the report of the Provost Marshal and the Inspector General
because it was purportedly a “classified matter.”

37. On June 15, 2007, Edita attended the public hearing on the abduction
case called by the Commission on Human Rights which announced it
would issue a report on the case in two week’s time.

38. Thereafter, Edita requested from the CHR for a copy of its report as
well as the documents submitted therein which include the report of the
Provost Marshal and the Inspector General and the progress report by the

39. However, two weeks had passed after the last CHR hearing and it has
not issued its report. Neither has it provided Edita with the other
documents she requested.

40. When Edita next requested from Director Geary Barias of the PNP’s
Task Force Usig for a copy of its progress report on the case, she was
denied thereof and was told to get a copy instead from the CHR. Since
then, Edita has not heard from the police regarding their own investigation
into the forced disappearance of Jonas.
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41. Having searched in vain for Jonas, Edita filed a petition for habeas
corpus with the Supreme Court on July 13, 2007. After a hearing on the
case, the military was compelled to produce in court the report of the
Provost Marshal and the Inspector General which Edita had been longing
to see in the hope that it would shed light on the whereabouts of her son
and possibly hint on the identities of his captors. The report produced in
court by the military, however, was incomplete.

42. Jonas remains missing to this date.

The enforced disappearances of Sherlyn T. Cadapan and Karen E. Empeño

43. Sherlyn T. Cadapan (“Sherlyn”) and Karen E. Empeno (“Karen”) are

both students from the University of the Philippines who were doing
research in Barangay San Miguel, Hagonoy, Bulacan when they were

44. On 26 June 2006, at around 2:00 a.m., Sherlyn and Karen who were
then staying in the house of one Raquel Halili at Barangay San Miguel,
Hagonoy, Bulacan, were forcibly taken with their hands tied by elements of
the Philippine Army based in the Headquarters of the 56th Infantry
Batallion, Iba, Hagonoy, Bulacan, under the command of Maj. Gen. Romeo
Tolentino, then Brig. Gen. Jovito Palparan and Col. Rogelio Boac.

45. The soldiers also took Manuel Merino, a farmer who was then staying in
the adjacent house (owned by William Ramos) and who went out to help
the two UP students. Manuel Merino was also tied down, brutalized and

46. William Ramos and his son, Wilfredo Ramos, saw the victims being led
to a private stainless jeep with plate number RTF 597. Father and son
were made to lie face down with their hands tied. The stainless jeep fled
towards Iba, Hagonoy, Bulacan.
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47. When this abduction incident came out in the news, the human rights
group KARAPATAN-Bulacan Chapter immediately launched a quick
response team composed of Alyansa ng Mamamayan para sa Pantaong
Karapatan or ALMMA (Citizen’s Alliance for Human Rights) members and
volunteer staff of Barangay Human Rights Action Center headed by
Mildred Benitez.

48. The group went to the 56th Infantry Battalion Headquarters and there
they saw the stainless jeep with plate number RTF 597. The military camp
which used to be open for visitors was closed and they were not allowed
inside. Mildred, however, heard a barbecue stand vendor ask who they
were looking for. “Yung mga babae ba?” [“Are you looking for the
women?”] he asked, but when the reply was “yes,” the vendor did not say
a word again.

49. On 28 June 2006, at around 10:00 in the evening, Alberto Ramirez was
awakened by shouts from Manuel Merino, the same person who was
abducted earlier on together with Sherlyn and Karen. When Alberto
looked out he saw that Manuel had two male companions who immediately
pointed their guns at Alberto. The men forced Alberto out of his house.
Outside, he saw more armed men who were waiting for them in a vehicle
with plate number RTF 597. The incident was also witnessed by people in
the neighborhood who were all threatened by the armed men not to say a
word about what they saw.

50. Alberto was brought to Brgy. San Miguel, Hagonoy, Bulacan and
thereafter in the military’s detachment at Brgy. Mercado located at the
second floor of the barangay hall. At the detachment, one of the men who
took part in the abduction introduced himself to Alberto as Arnel Enriquez.
Arnel showed Alberto two leaves of bond paper with names written
thereon. Arnel asked Alberto about those names. Arnel also mentioned
the names Sherlyn Cadapan who according to him is also known as “Ka
Tanya” and “Ka Lisa” and Karen Empeno as “Ka Sierra.”

51. Alberto was asked by Arnel to cooperate with them and to help them
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 19
President of the Philippines

identify or point to the persons whose names were listed in the bond
papers or suffer the consequences. He was allowed to leave but was
warned to report back to the detachment at 2:00 p.m. the following day.
But instead of going back to the detachment, Alberto left the place and
reported the matter to the human rights group KARAPATAN.

52. A Petition for Habeas Corpus was filed on behalf of Sherlyn Cadapan,
Karen Empeño and Manuel Merino. A writ of habeas corpus was issued
against Maj. Gen. Tolentino, Gen. Palparan, et. al. In their Return of the
Writ, they all denied having custody of the victims and even denied having
knowledge about their abduction. To date, the three are still missing.

The Enforced Disappearance of Mr. Leo Velasco

53. Mr. Leo Velasco, a consultant for the National Democratic Front (NDF),
was abducted in broad daylight and until now remains missing.

54. On 19 February 2007 at about 10:00 in the morning, Mr. Leo Velasco
was walking in the vicinity of the Philippine First Insurance and SRBC
buildings located near the Aguinaldo and Yacapin Streets at Cagayan de
Oro City when, without warning, a fast-moving gray L300 van with plate
number LCV 513 stopped abruptly in front of him.

55. Several men in plain clothes alighted from the vehicle and forced him to
enter the van. Mr. Leo Velasco struggled to prevent the men from taking
him and so a scuffle ensued. His eyeglasses fell off from him during the
struggle. Security guards from the nearby buildings later retrieved the
glasses after his abduction.

56. Mr. Leo Velasco eventually fell down onto the pavement due to his
exertions as more men, numbering more or less eight (8) in all, came to
overpower him. One of the perpetrators of the abduction was wearing a
black, long-sleeved sweat shirt with the letters CIDG on the back.

57. Many people had mutely watched the incident and the man wearing the
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 20
President of the Philippines

black sweat shirt told them they were with the government. Mr. Leo
Velasco was roughly thrown unceremoniously into the van and this vehicle
quickly left with a black Toyota Revo, with a license plate ending with 692,
following it closely behind.

58. Moments after the two vehicles left, a city patrol car came and the
police officer said “Amin yun,” referring to the operation that had just
transpired. Apparently, the local police knew about the planned abduction
of Mr. Leo Velasco.

59. Mr. Cesar Duetes, a security guard from the nearby buildings where the
abduction of Mr. Leo Velasco took place promptly reported the incident
with the local police. Intelligence Operatives of the Police Station 2, Cogon,
Cagayan de Oro City, namely, PO2 Nolasco Gaabucayan and PO2
Francis Michael Fortunado, conducted the investigation of the incident.

60. Nothing more was uncovered from the police investigation of the
abduction of Mr. Leo Velasco. A few weeks later, Mr. Cesar Duetes who
had the incident blottered reportedly resigned from work as a security
guard and was never heard of again, as unknown men often visited him at

61. The daughter of Mr. Leo Velasco, Ms. Lorena Santos, on 23 to 27

February 2007, on 18 to 20 July 2007, and again on October 2007, went to
Cagayan de Oro City to investigate the details of her father’s abduction.
She initially visited the Riverview Hotel where Mr. Leo Velasco checked in
before his enforced disappearance.

62. Ms. Lorena Santos then visited the place of the incident and was able
to speak with a witness who saw the abduction of her father. The other
witness, the security guard, Mr. Cesar Duetes, had already disappeared
and was no longer available for comment.

63. Ms. Lorena Santos then went to the police station where the abduction
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 21
President of the Philippines

was recorded in a blotter. The station commander there said he was in a 4-

month workshop at the time of the incident but promised that he would
personally look into the case but that the she should just follow it up some
other time.

64. Ms. Lorena Santos then went to the Iglesia Filipina Indipendiente (IFI)
Cathedral to write a statement for the media. She later went the Land
Transportation Office (LTO) and inquired as to the plate number LCV 513,
the one that the gray L300 van carried at the time of the abduction.

65. It turns out that the plate number did not match the vehicle it was
attached to and was presumably fake. The license plate is registered
under the name of a certain Mr. Gregorio Y. Haw of Sto. Niño St., Lanang
Executive Homes, Davao City but not as an L300 van but a Toyota
Tamaraw FX Wagon.

66. While in Cagayan de Oro City, Ms. Lorena Santos learned that the
security guards who had witnessed the abduction of her father had gotten
hold of his glasses and that they gave it to a reporter, Mr. Nilo Abroguena.
The CIDG Director for Northern Mindanao, P/SSupt. Julian Pantonial, later
took Mr. Leo Velasco’s glasses from Mr. Nilo Abroguena.

67. Ms. Lorena Santos strongly suspects that the combined military and
police elements who had their eyes on Mr. Leo Velasco are the ones
responsible for abducting him. Lt. Col. Jack Baltazar of the Intelligence
Service of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (ISAFP) admitted to Ms.
Lorena Santos that the military had long wanted to get Mr. Leo Velasco for
his alleged underground activities though he bluntly denied he was in their

68. Mr. Leo Velasco’s family, to this day, has no idea where he is held and
greatly concerned for his safety. They call on the government and its
agents to release Mr. Leo Velasco and put a stop to its continuing practice
of enforced disappearances.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 22
President of the Philippines

The enforced disappearance of Rogelio & Gabriel Calubad

69. On 17 June 2006, at about 7:00 a.m., Rogelio Calubad, 53 years old,
and his son, Gabriel, 29 years old, left their house in Barangay Apad-
Lutao, Calauag, Quezon for Barangay Bangkuruhan of the same town, to
fence off a parcel of land recently purchased by Rogelio’s sister. They left
on a motorcycle driven by Gabriel.

70. About twenty (20) meters from their destination, Rogelio and Gabriel‘s
vehicle was suddenly overtaken by a dark blue van bearing no license
plate and a motorcycle, causing Rogelio and Gabriel to fall off their
motorcycle. Immediately, several armed men alighted from the van and
forced Rogelio and Gabriel to lie face down on the ground. They
handcuffed and jostled Rogelio into the van, while they forcibly took
Gabriel onto their motorcycle. After snatching Rogelio and Gabriel, the
convoy sped away and abandoned the motorcycle belonging to Rogelio
and Gabriel.

71. Worried about her husband and son’s failure to return home that day,
Rogelio’s wife, Elizabeth, searched for them in vain the following day in
Barangay Bangkuruhan.

72. Having been told by a villager in Barangay Bangkuruhan who witnessed

the abduction, Elizabeth, accompanied by the chairpersons of barangays
Bangkuruhan, Apad-Lutao and Madlandungan, next went to the Calauag
Police Station to report the incident. There, Elizabeth was informed that
the victims’ motorcycle had been earlier turned over to the station by a
barangay peace officer. Elizabeth also learned from police investigator
Nestor Afuen that the police already knew about the incident as early as
10:00 a.m. of 17 June 2006.

73. Having obtained no information from the police about the whereabouts
of her husband and son, Elizabeth, together with the three barangay
chairpersons, proceeded to the 76th Infantry Battalion stationed at Brgy.
Biñas. The commanding officer, a certain Ben Tibano, denied having
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 23
President of the Philippines

custody of Rogelio and Gabriel. Elizabeth and her group also searched for
the victims at the headquarters of 417th Provincial Police Mobile Group at
Camp Villarasa in Brgy. Sta. Maria, but the public information desk officer
there denied having custody of the missing Calubads.

74. Prior to the abduction of Rogelio and Gabriel Calubad, on 10 August

2005, Rogelio’s brother, Cesar Calubad, was unlawfully arrested without a
warrant by the Police Mobile Group of Camarines Sur. Cesar had later
confided to Elizabeth that he was subjected to a tactical interrogation in
which he was asked mainly about the personal circumstances and
whereabouts of his brother, Rogelio. Cesar’s captors tortured him in an
attempt to force him to turn in his brother.

75. Elizabeth also recalls that on September 2005, an alleged

representative of the Department of Local and Interior Government
conducted a purported census on Elizabeth’s house and underhandedly
asked personal information about Rogelio Calubad.

76. Elizabeth strongly suspects that the military belonging to the 2nd Infantry
Division of the Philippine Army based in Camp Nakar, Barangay Gulang-
gulang, Lucena City, Quezon, by order and at the behest of SOLCOM
Chief Lt. Gen. Alexander Yano, ISAFP Chief Commodore Leonardo
Calderon, Jr. and AFP Chief of Staff Gen. Hermogenes Esperon, Jr., and
their agents were behind the abduction of her husband and son, especially
because Rogelio Calubad is a consultant to the NDFP Negotiating Panel.
As such, Rogelio is a duly accredited and protected person under the Joint
Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees (JASIG) between the
Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and the NDFP.
Moreover, he and his son had not committed any offense for which they
may be arrested or deprived of their liberty without any formal charge or
judicial warrant.

77. To this day, the case of petition for habeas corpus now pending before
the Regional Trial Court of Manila has not been resolved and Rogelio and
Gabriel remain missing.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 24
President of the Philippines

The enforced disappearance of Patricio Abalos

78. In the evening of March 28, 2005, Patricio Abalos, 67 years old, the
provincial chairman of the farmers’ cooperative in Brgy. Guindapunan,
Catbalogan, Samar, was at home with his family and other relatives. They
were watching television when suddenly Patricio’s daughter, Cristina,
noticed a Toyota Revo van parking in front of their house and saw some
men around the vehicle. She told her father about it. When he went out to
check, the car was gone.

79. When the van came back, four (4) armed military elements belonging to
the 8th Infantry Division under Maj. Gen. Jovito Palparan forcibly took
Patricio Abalos at gunpoint. Thereupon the van sped away. A motorcycle
bearing no car plate like the van was on tail.

80. In the evening of the same day, Patricio’s family reported to the police
the fact of the abduction.

81. The next day, Cristina and her mother searched for Patricio at Camp
Lucban in Maulong, Catbalogan where the 8th Infantry Division of the
Philippine Army is based. But they were denied entry into the camp. They
then tried to seek the help of the Public Attorneys’ Office. But said office,
explaining that it was also being harassed, turned them down. Not giving
up, on March 30, 2005, they went back to the military camp, but once
again they were shooed away.

82. On March 31, 2005, six soldiers barged into and searched Patricio’s
house against the will of the members of the family and without a search
warrant. The group was headed by one who introduced himself as Lt.
Wilbert Basquiñas who arrogantly admitted having custody of Patricio. He
told Patricio’s family that he and his men were looking for a gun allegedly
kept in Patricio’s wooden trunk. Cristina and her family pleaded with the
soldiers. Lt. Basquiñas ignored them and proceeded to ransack the
house, threatening and aiming his pistol at the family while brandishing his
fan knife.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 25
President of the Philippines

83. While the soldiers could not find any gun, they still took with them
Patricio’s trunk which contained his IDs, wallet and medicines. They also
threatened to take Patricio’s wife should she not surrender the gun they
were insisting was inside the trunk. Cristina’s family later reported the
incident to the police. But the latter refused to help them, saying they
would not want to antagonize the military.

84. On April 2, 2005, Cristina went back to the police station and reiterated
the fact that her father remains missing.

85. On April 7, 2005, Cristina and her mother went to seek the help of
Congressman Figueroa. They chanced upon Gen. Palparan at the
congressman’s house. Cristina noticed that the general’s vehicle parked
outside the house was the same vehicle used by the military in the
abduction of her father.

86. Cristina and her mother confronted Gen. Palparan. But Gen. Palparan
ridiculed Patricio and tried to bully the family into admitting that Patricio
was an NPA. Palparan threatened the family, saying: “I hope that when
your father and I talk again, he won’t be as hard headed as he is. I’m bad
when I get angry and I’m getting angry now.”

87. Cristina asked Palparan why her father was being illegally detained and
why they were not allowed to visit him. At this, Palparan replied that he
had given the go-signal to visit Patricio. Cristina and her mother also
insisted for the release of Patricio, but Palparan rejected it, saying Patricio
was old anyway.

88. After Palparan left, Cong. Figueroa told Cristina and her mother that
Palparan had admitted Patricio was in the military’s custody.

89. Cristina filed a petition for habeas corpus against the military unit
illegally detaining Patricio before the Court of Appeals in Cebu City.
However, the court dismissed the petition on the ground that there was no
sufficient proof of detention. The order of dismissal of the petition was
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 26
President of the Philippines

issued despite the fact that Cristina and other witnesses were presented to
prove that armed military elements belonging to the 8th Infantry Division
and upon the order of Gen. Jovito Palparan forcibly abducted Patricio
Abalos from his house on March 28, 2005.

90. Cristina has also filed cases of arbitrary detention, robbery, violation of
domicile, among others, against then Brig. Gen. Palparan and Lt.
Basquiñas. But the Office of the Provincial Prosecutor in Samar absolved
Palparan from the charges.

The enforced disappearance of Perseus Geagoni

91. Perseus Geagoni is an active organizer and the Education Officer of the
Negros Federation of Sugar Workers (NFSW) in Bacolod City, a duly-
registered organization of sugar plantation workers.

92. Perseus Geagoni was on his way home on a borrowed red-black KMX
Kawasaki sports motorcycle with motor plate “for registration” from the
office of Negros Federation of Sugar Workers (NFSW) in Bacolod City in
the evening of 05 December 2005 when he was abducted by unidentified

93. A witness named Thadea B. Vivero said that about 6:30 P.M. of 05
December 2005, she saw a red and black colored Kawasaki sports
motorcycle overtaking the jeep she was riding. Ahead of it were a Honda
motorcycle and a gray, tinted Tamaraw FX van swerving and deliberately
blocking the Kawasaki sports motorcycle.

94. According to Perseus’ wife, Nieva, sometime on the third week of

December 2005, a soldier confirmed that a group of thirty (30) operatives
led by 1st Lt. Clarence Garrido of the 11th Infantry Battalion and under the
supervision of the Visayas Military Intelligence Command under the
command of Major Ariel Quiachon of the Philippine Army were responsible
for the abduction of Perseus Geagoni.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 27
President of the Philippines

95. Prior to the incident, Geagoni had reported several instances of being
tailed. One particular incident was in November 2005 when he was chased
by a motorcycle-riding man in Garita, Brgy. Zone 14-A, Talisay City. He
avoided the man by speeding up towards Colegio de San Agustin,
Bacolod. Also, on several occasions, two unidentified men had asked for
his whereabouts.

96. The fact of his abduction has been reported to the police. To date, the
victim remains missing.


Extra-Judicial Killing of Sichi Bustamante-Gandinao

97. Sichi Bustamante-Gandinao was a member of Misamis Oriental

Farmers Association (MOFA) and Bayan Muna Party-List. MOFA has
been accused by the 8th IBPA under the command of Lt. Col. Eric Vinoya
of being a supporter of the NPA.

98. Before Sichi was summarily executed, her family (husband Anselmito
and children Elda and Allen) used to work on weekdays in their farm in
Sitio Nabuolan, Barangay Guinalaban, Salay, Misamis Oriental, and spent
weekends in their home at Purok 7, Poblacion, Salay.

99. In the morning of March 5, 2007, while the family was in their farm, they
noticed several elements of the 8th IB roaming about near their farm until
the family left the place on March 10, 2007.

100. On March 10, 2007, at around 7 a.m., Allen, with a cousin, went to the
barangay hall of Guinalaban upon the invitation of Sgt. Bahian. They
found several elements of the 8th IB outside and inside the barangay hall.
Thereat, Allen was asked by Sgt. Bahian and Pfc. Booc if he had an ID, if
his mother Sichi had one, too, to which he replied in the negative. He was
also asked what time Sichi would leave the farm and answered that maybe
after lunchtime.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 28
President of the Philippines

101. On their way back to the farm, Allen and his cousin were escorted by a
soldier in civilian clothes. Upon reaching Sitio Taas, they saw two
motorcycles with two riders on each wearing helmets and jackets. The first
motorcycle was a red XRM which slowed down upon seeing Allen, but
immediately went ahead when the second motorcycle signaled to it.

102. At around 2 p.m. of March 10, 2007, the family began their trek down to
Salay poblacion. Anselmito walked ahead of his wife and daughter, as he
was steering the cow sled which was loaded with a sackful of rootcrops.
Sichi was about ten meters away behind Anselmito. At arms length behind
Sichi was her daughter Elda who was lugging a backpack full of bananas.

103. In their hike, they passed by the detachment of the 8th IB where Elda
saw a red XRM motorcycle parked by the gate. About 50 meters away
from the detachment, Elda noticed a man who walked past her, grabbed a
gun on his waist, suddenly turned around faced Sichi and instantaneously
fired successive shot at the latter. Sichi tried to take cover from the attack
but fell down. She was hit on her hand, forearms and chest.

104. Shocked with the rapid turn of events, Elda was not able to come to the
aid of her mother being attacked. She screamed for help. It was only that
time that Anselmito saw what had happened. Meanwhile, the assailant
instantly disappeared towards the direction of the military/CAFGU

105. Anselmito picked up the bloodied Sichi, while Elda continued shouting
for help. Many residents in the barangay heard her cry for help but nobody
responded. The barangay chairman feigned helping by calling for the
patrol car but later announced it would not be dispatched as it was

106. While Anselmito was rushing on foot the still breathing Sichi to the
nearest hospital, a motorcycle passed. Its driver offered help and took
Anselmito and Sichi on board. After a short distance, however, the driver
asked the spouses to alight as the motorcycle could not bear their weight.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 29
President of the Philippines

107. While screaming for help, Elda saw military officers playing basketball.
But these soldiers never offered help and went on playing as if nothing was

108. When Allen came back, he and Elda alternately carried Sichi on foot.
Exhausted, the siblings dropped down by the roadside, with Elda still
screaming for help. A moment later, they saw a motorcycle approaching.
Two male riders were on board it. Elda cried for help and asked them to
take her mother to the nearby hospital. But her cries fell on deaf ears.
The motorcycle headed to the military detachment.

109. Later, the same motorcycle appeared, along with the red XRM
motorcycle earlier seen by Elda at the detachment. One of the two riders
thereon was the same person identified by Elda as the one who assaulted
her mother. At that instant, Elda cried on top of her lungs, “That man on
the motorcycle, he shot Nanay! Take note of the license plate!” No one
attempted to stop the motorcycle which sped away and which bore no
license plate.

110. Finally somebody helped them take Sichi to their house in Purok 7.
The family thought Sichi had expired. But they heard Sichi moan softly, so
they brought her to the municipal hall where an ambulance took Sichi to
Cagayan de Oro City, an hour and a half away from Salay. On their way to
the city, they dropped by the Balingasag Medicare Hospital to give Sichi a
dextrose. But she was declared dead on arrival at said hospital. The
attending physician said Sichi sustained four gunshot wounds.

111. The motive behind the summary execution of Sichi is clear. Sichi was
one of the witnesses in the murder of Dalmacio “Daki” Gandinao who was
gunned down on February 8, 2007. Sichi submitted a written testimony to
Mr. Philip Alston in Davao City. Alston is a UN Rapporteur on Extra-
judicial, Summary and Arbitrary Executions who recently came to the
country and conducted an investigation into the escalating incident of
extrajudicial killings of activists in the Philippines. In said investigation,
Sichi identified the military agents who cased the house of Dalmacio
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 30
President of the Philippines

before he was murdered.

112. After giving her testimony, Sichi and her family began noticing unusual
movements at night near their house and being subjected to surveillance.
Even before her testimony before Mr. Alston and while Dalmacio was still
alive, the latter had warned Sichi that she and her sister Tina were in the
military’s order of battle.

113. Moreover, immediately prior to her murder, the military conducted a

“pulong-pulong” in their barangay where they announced that they were
out to get someone in Purok 7 of Barangay Guinalaban and in Barangay
Alipuaton (where Tina lives).

The extrajudicial killing of Rev. Isaias Sta. Rosa

114. On 3 August 2006 at around 10:35 p.m., Pastor Isaias Sta. Rosa was
abducted and then murdered in Brgy. Malobago, Daraga, Albay by armed
men wearing bonnets, at least one of whom was positively identified as a

115. Isaias Sta. Rosa was a member of Legaspi City United Methodist
Church in South Bicol District, a freelance writer, project consultant for
non-government organizations and Executive Director of the Farmers’
Assistance for Rural Management Education and Rehabilitation, Inc., a
non-government organization that gives assistance to farmers in improving
their economy. He was also an active member of the peasant group
Kilusang Magbubukid ng Bikol (Bicol Peasant Movement), an affiliate
organization of the Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (Philippine Peasant
Movement) which is active in the fight for genuine land reform and calls for
the ouster of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

116. At around 7:30 p.m. of August 3, 2006, three (3) hooded armed men
who, except for one who appeared to be the leader and was wearing a
maroon shirt and black short pants, were all wearing army-issued
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 31
President of the Philippines

camouflage pants, combat boots and dark long-sleeved t-shirts, barged

into the house of brothers Ray-Sun and Jonathan Sta. Rosa. The armed
men were looking for their brother Pastor Isaias Sta. Rosa. They were told
to lay prone on the ground while the armed men stepped on their heads
and poked their guns on them. Ray was able to observe the presence of
more armed men positioned amidst the bushes. Jonathan was hit with a
gun barrel on his head when he tried to look around.

117. They then accused the two brothers of being members of the New
People’s Army, which the two denied. Thereafter, Jonathan was dragged
at gunpoint to the house of his brother Pastor Sta. Rosa situated just a few
meters from his own house.

118. Sonia, the wife of Pastor Sta. Rosa, heard a commotion outside their
house. She peeped through one of their windows to check but she did not
see anything. At that time, Isaias Sta. Rosa and children Demdem, Philip
and Mikko were also inside the house.

119. They heard a knock on the door and Sonia heard the soft voice of
Jonathan calling Isaias. She opened the door and saw Jonathan looking
pale. As Sonia was calling out Isaias, a short stout man wearing a ski
mask, a maroon t-shirt and short pants, and armed with a .45 cal. pistol
barged inside their house and ordered them to drop to the floor. The
armed stout man was followed by about six to ten similarly armed men
who were hooded with ski masks, wearing black t-shirts, camouflaged
pants and combat boots. Isaias Sta. Rosa was then immediately tied with
his hands at the back. He was mauled while he was being forced to admit
that he was the “Elmer” that they were looking for and that he had a gun.

120. They herded Jonathan, Sonia, Dem-dem, Mikko, Philip and Ray into
one of the rooms while Isaias was brought to the other room. The
soldiers then left the house taking with them Isaias, who was still tied and
bloodied. His laptop computer and cellular phones were taken from him.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 32
President of the Philippines

121. Sonia rushed outside and called for help from her sister Madelyn, who
lives near their house. The neighbors were stirred as Madelyn shouted for
help. A few minutes later, gunshots were heard – six shots, a pause, then
another three shots.

122. Ray, Jonathan and their neighbors immediately went to the direction
where the gunshots came. There they found the body of Isaias Sta. Rosa
along a creek about 50 meters away from his house.

123. They also found another dead body, with the face covered by a bonnet,
wearing a maroon shirt and shorts about five meters away from the body of
Isaias, along with a .45 caliber pistol fitted with a sound suppressor or
silencer. He was the same man who led the armed group that abducted

124. Afterwards, a group of policemen led by Colonel Capinpin, the chief of

Daraga Police Station, arrived along with the barangay chief, Artita Padilla.
The police recovered from the scene the pistol as well as one spent shell
for .45 caliber pistol and one .45 caliber slug. Also recovered by the police
from the then unidentified body were a Philippine Army identification card
of one Private First Class Lordger Pastrana with expiration date of 9
December 2008, and a mission order issued in the same name by the 9th
Military Intelligence Battalion of the 9th Infantry Division, Philippine Army,
based in Camp Weene Martillana, Pili, Camarines Sur. The mission order
is signed by Major Ernest Marc Rosal and bears the effectivity date 11 July
2006 until 30 September 2006.

125. The other dead body was later identified to be that of Pfc Lordger
Pastrana of the Military Intelligence of the 9th Infantry Division. Autopsy
reports showed that Isaias Sta. Rosa died after sustaining six gunshot
wounds while Pastrana sustained one gunshot wound.

126. Immediately after the killing of Isaias Sta. Rosa, the police quickly
announced it through media to be a case of robbery with homicide.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 33
President of the Philippines

127. However, on 24 August 2006, the regional office of the Philippine

Commission on Human Rights released its Initial Investigation Report
positively countering the theory of the police, stating thus:

It is evident that there is legal ground to prosecute the

army soldiers in the company of Cpl. Lordger Pastrana for
murder as this case would not contemplate robbery with
homicide, but one of murder in view of the mission order
found in Pastrana’s possession and the prior incident of
assault upon the household of Sta. Rosa’s neighbor, Alwin
Mirabuna, wherein these armed suspects inquired the
whereabouts of Isaias Sta. Rosa, a person possible subject
of the secret mission. Since the identity of the suspects
cannot be ascertained, it is recommended that the
Commanding Officer in the above-cited mission order be
legally made answerable under the principle of command
responsibility governing military conduct.

128. The military and the police did not conduct further investigation on the
case. The military also refused to reveal any relevant data, such as the
names of the team members of Pastrana. The military and the police tried
to cover-up the case by declaring that Pastrana was on Absence Without
Leave (or AWOL) and that he was in the place to woo somebody. The
PNP on the other hand declared that the case is a simple case of robbery
with homicide.

129. In the meantime, Sonia and her children are now living in constant fear,
while Ray and Jonathan had to move out of their barangay. Sonia is also
scared of filing a case in court because of the threat of retaliation from the

The case of Rev. Andy Pawican

130. On May 21, 2006, Pastor Andy Pawican of the United Church of Christ
of the Philippines (UCCP)-Pantabangan was on his way home to Sitio
Maasip, Barangay Tayabo, San Jose City from Sunday worship in Sitio
Maluyon, Barangay Fatima, Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija. He was with his
wife, Dominga Pawican, their eight-month-old baby, his mother-in-law
Maria Binlingan and a neighbor named Bernadette Tayaban.
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President of the Philippines

131. About 200 meters before reaching their house, they were stopped by
three soldiers in uniform belonging to the 48th Infantry Battalion which is
under the command of the 7th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army.

132. The soldiers ordered Pastor Andy Pawican to stay allegedly because
they wanted to discuss something with him. Thus, Maria Binlingan,
Dominga Pawican and Bernadette Tayaban went ahead while Pastor
Andy, who was carrying his eight month-old baby, stayed behind.

133. At around 2:30 p.m., several shots of gunfire were heard from the
place where Pastor Andy was held by the army soldiers.

134. Several minutes later, a soldier came to the house of Dominga Pawican
carrying Pastor Andy’s eight month-old baby, her shirt stained with blood
and with a scratch on her face. It was then that the family of Pastor Andy
learned that he was shot to death by the soldiers for allegedly being a
supporter of the New People’s Army and for allegedly fighting back at the

135. The relatives and friends of Pastor Andy were not allowed to go near
his body which was heavily guarded by military soldiers until the following

136. On May 22, 2006, residents of barangays Fatima and Tayabo, namely,
Blacio Binlingan (father-in-law of Pastor Andy), Roger Binlingan, Mempe
Ruiz, Marlon Talac, Mariano Muling, Pastor Sebio Guindayan, Carlito
Hongduan, Telio Palting, Paredes Baguilat, Anton Balectad, Fidel Palting
and Ruel Marcial went to Sitio Maasip, Brgy. Tayabo upon the plea of
spouses Paredes and Estela Baguilat to accompany them back to their
house in Brgy. Tayabo, Nueva Ecija. The spouses were among the
residents of Brgy. Tayabo who fled their homes when the military soldiers
started firing their guns.

137. On their way to Brgy. Tayabo, they saw the body of Pastor Andy being
guarded by more or less sixty soldiers led by Lt. Ariel Galado and Lt.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 35
President of the Philippines

Freddie Lobusta of the 48th IB, 7th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army.
The residents saw a gunshot wound on the head of Pastor Andy, his arms
heavily bruised and bore cigarette burns, his eyes swollen with a heavy
black-eye and his feet twisted. He was still wearing the barong tagalog he
wore during the Sunday mass.

138. When the soldiers saw the residents, they asked them where they were
going and if they were supporters of the NPA. They noticed Fidel Palting
who had long hair and asked him if he was a member of the NPA. Under
duress, he was forced to lie and say that he was a member of the NPA.
The soldiers also forced him to point to other members of the NPA. Fidel
Palting was forced to say that Ruel Marcial, his first cousin, was an NPA

139. The soldiers asked the residents to carry the body of Pastor Andy to
Brgy. Tayabo, San Jose City. They were escorted by more or less twenty

140. Upon reaching Brgy. Tayabo, the remains of Pastor Andy was boarded
on a six by six military truck. The soldiers ordered Blacio Binlingan,
Mempe Ruiz and Marvin Palting to bring the corpse to Funeraria Ilagan in
San Jose City. The other residents were ordered to go home.

141. Fidel Palting and Ruel Marcial were, however, ordered by the military
soldiers to stay. They were forcibly brought to the Sto. Niño Camp 2nd in
San Jose City which is the headquarters of the 48th Infantry Battalion under
the leadership of Lt. Col. Joselito Kakilala. The 48th IB is a component of
the 7th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army which at that time was under
the command of Maj. Gen. Jovito Palparan.

The abduction and torture of Ruel Marcial

142. Ruel Marcial is a farmer from Aritao, Nueva Viscaya and a member of
the United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP).
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 36
President of the Philippines

143. After the body of Pastor Andy was brought to Funeraria Ilagan, the
other residents of Brgys. Fatima and Tayabo were ordered to go home,
except for Fidel Palting and Ruel Marcial,

144. Palting was forced to ride on a motorcycle with a soldier. When the
motorcycle returned, Marcial was also told to board the same motorcycle.
He was later transferred to a waiting L300 van. Marcial was blindfolded,
handcuffed and brought to a place he later learned to be Sto. Nino Camp,
a military camp in San Jose City.

145. Inside the camp, while Marcial was still blindfolded and handcuffed, his
shorts and briefs were removed. He was subjected to interrogation. He
was forced to admit being a member of the NPA. He was asked, “Where
are your comrades?”; “Where are they keeping their guns?” Whenever
Marcial replied he was not a member of the NPA, physical assault and
torture were inflicted on him for two straight days.

146. He was kicked on his left shoulder and neck. He was punched on his
left shoulder and abdomen. He was beaten using a wooden bat on both
arms and the lower parts of his body especially his buttocks. His skin on
the lower left thigh was pinched with mechanical pliers. A lighted cigarette
was pressed on his legs. He was burned on his legs and lower parts of his
body with a flaming wooden stick.

147. During the interrogation, the soldiers were drunk. Marcial was also
forced to drink liquor. His captors tried to burn his nose with a lighter.
With bullets inserted between his fingers, his hands were squeezed. His
anus was pricked with the pointed tip of a bolo or knife.

148. The torture was inflicted continually. Marcial was not allowed to sleep
nor rest. He was threatened he would be killed. His captors inserted
cogon grass and stalks into his penis. At times during the interrogation, he
was made to lie down and remove his blindfold but his eyes were rubbed
with salt. His captors also forced open his mouth, poured water in and
tried to drown him. They also choked Marcial with a rope. The nails of his
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 37
President of the Philippines

big toes and the 2nd digit of his left fool were pried off using a bolo. The
soldiers also cut his hair using a knife or a bolo and removed part of his
scalp on the back of his head. Unable to bear the pain and horror of
torture by the soldiers, Marcial was forced to declare that he was a
member of the NPA and that he was willing to cooperate to find the rebels’
camp. Thereafter, in the course of the physical and psychological torture,
Marcial lost consciousness.

149. When he woke up, his foot was bound to a post with a metal chain.
His blindfold was removed. From then on, he was allowed to sleep and
the soldiers fed him. He was held captive for more than one month.

150. While Marcial never saw Palting inside the camp, he surmises that
Palting was in one of the huts in the camp because he saw soldiers
guarding a hut and bringing food.

151. On July 7, 2006, while the soldier assigned to guard Marcial left for a
few minutes to get food for their supper and while only a few soldiers were
in the camp at that time, Marcial was able to free himself using a big nail to
remove the lock of the metal chain that bound his foot. He ran away from
the camp and walked in the forest for about 2 days. He sought help from a
friend who brought him to a safe place.

152. While Marcial was brought to a sanctuary, a petition for habeas corpus
was being prepared by the family of Fidel Palting. Before they could file
the petition, however, the military surfaced Palting and brought him back
home. Palting was seen holding a handheld radio and cell phone
apparently given by the military requiring him to report to the military. To
date, Marcial fears for his life and continues to stay in a sanctuary.

The case of Eddie Gumanoy and Eden Marcellana

153. Eden Marcellana, then Secretary General of KARAPATAN-Southern

Tagalog; and Mr. Eddie Gumanoy, Chairman of KASAMA-TK, a peasant
organization in Southern Tagalog, led a fact-finding team of 11 persons to
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 38
President of the Philippines

Gloria, Mindoro Oriental on April 19-21, 2003 to investigate cases of

human rights violations in that area.

154. On April 21, on their way back to Calapan City after their fact finding
investigation, the passenger van the group was riding was blocked by
armed men, some of whom were wearing military uniforms, at the town of
Naujan, Mindoro Oriental. The armed men forcibly took away Ms.
Marcellana and Mr. Gumanoy. Four others were separated from the
group, blindfolded and dropped off in different places in Mindoro Oriental.

155. The following day, April 22, 2003, the lifeless bodies of Ms. Eden
Marcellana and Mr. Eddie Gumanoy were found in a roadside ditch in
Brgy. Alcadesma, Bansud, Mindoro Oriental. They were both brutally
tortured before being killed. MSgt. Donald Caigas, intelligence officer of
the 204th IBPA and military asset Aniano “Silver” Flores as well as
elements of the 204th IBPA under the command of then Col. Jovito
Palparan, Jr. are believed to be behind the killings and other human rights
violations committed upon this group. Elements of the 204th IBPA, together
with military assets who were former rebels, are also believed to be behind
these killings.

156. Threats, Harassment and Intimidation, Coercion, Divestment of

Property – The other members of the 11-person fact-finding team that
went with Ms. Eden Marcellana and Mr. Eddie Gumanoy to Gloria, Mindoro
Oriental experienced threats and harassments while they were under the
control of the armed men who commandeered the van they were riding.
The soldiers and armed men took their cell phones and wallets and
threatened to kill them if they continue with their work.

The summary execution of Bishop Alberto B. Ramento

157. In the early morning of October 3, 2006, Bishop Alberto B. Ramento of
Iglesia Filipina Independiente or IFI (Philippine Independent Church),
widely known as the “bishop of the poor peasants and workers”, was
brutally stabbed to death in his room at the San Sebastian Church in
Tarlac City.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 39
President of the Philippines

158. The family of Bishop Ramento and his church strongly believe that the
investigation conducted by the police is a cover-up and a sham. They are
certain the killing was politically motivated. They cite the numerous death
threats received by the bishop which he had communicated to them. They
believe he was murdered because of his political activities and affiliations
as a human rights advocate, especially his staunch and active support for
the striking workers of Hacienda Luisita and his open condemnation of the
human rights violations committed by state forces not only in Central
Luzon but throughout the country.

159. Simply because his cellular phone and bishop’s ring were missing and
presumed stolen, the Philippine National Police was quick to dismiss the
case as a simple case of robbery with homicide. But the family of the
bishop and the church to which he belonged are not convinced about the
investigation conducted by the police for the following reasons: the crime
scene investigation by the police was perfunctorily done and completed in
only about two hours, after which the crime scene was not cordoned off to
preserve the evidence. Apparently, no fingerprint was lifted from the crime
scene; the police report never came up with a fingerprint finding. Except
for the sworn statement of the church caretaker, Archimedes Ferrer, there
was no interview of any family member, church member or other people
close to Bishop Ramento.

160. A man of peace, Bishop Ramento formed and headed the IFI’s
“Peacemakers”, was Co-Chair of the Philippine Peace Center and a
Convenor of Pilgrims for Peace, a multi-sectoral network supporting the
peace negotiations between the Government of the Republic of the
Philippines (GRP) and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines
(NDFP) and advocating a just and lasting peace based on justice, freedom
and democracy. In 1998, the NDFP nominated him as an Independent
Observer in the Joint Monitoring Committee of the Comprehensive
Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 40
President of the Philippines

161. Bishop Ramento was likewise often in the frontlines of protests and
rallies denouncing the ills of Philippine society and demanding the ouster
of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

The killing of Alice Omengan-Claver & frustrated killing of Dr.

Constancio “Chandu” Claver

162. Dr. Constancio “Chandu” Claver, a practicing physician, is the

Chairperson of Bayan Muna-Kalinga and Vice-Chairperson of Cordillera
Peoples Alliance-Kalinga. He is also the Chairman of the Board of the
Philippine National Red Cross in Kalinga and a member of the Kalinga
Medical Society. He served as the Executive Director of the Community
Health Education Center in Kalinga Apayao. On the other hand, Alice
Omengan-Claver was an active member of the Cordillera Peoples Alliance
during her college years in Manila. Upon returning to Tabuk, she had been
very generous in providing support to people’s organization including the
Cordillera Peoples Alliance in Kalinga.

163. Sometime on 31 July 2006 at around 6:45 in the morning, Alice and Dr.
Claver were aboard a Black Pajero Van when they were ambushed by
unidentified gunmen-wearing black bonnet and sweatshirt. The assailants
were on board a White and Black Delica Van with plate number BFC-372
and TNB-901, respectively. They were supposed to drop their daughter,
Cassandra, to school at Saint Tom’s College in Barangay Bulanao, Tabuk,
Kalinga when the incident happened.

164. Dr. Chandu Claver was seriously wounded while Alice Claver sustained
multiple gunshot wounds. They were brought to the Kalinga Provincial
Hospital where Alice expired six hours later while undergoing surgery.
Their daughter, Cassandra (7 years old), escaped the attack physically
unharmed but severely traumatized psychologically.

165. Task Force Bulanao was created to investigate the incident. The
members of the Task Force showed Dr. Claver a cartographic sketch of a
man who was seen by the witnesses as one of the gunmen who fired at
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 41
President of the Philippines

their vehicle on July 31, 2006. Dr. Claver affirmed that the cartographic
sketch matched the features of the man he saw briefly standing at the left
side of his vehicle before he was fired at by the other man in a black ski
mask and black sweat shirt.

The killings of Agnes Abelon and Amante Abelon, Jr. and the frustrated
summary execution of Amante Abelon, Sr.

166. Amante Abelon, Sr. and his wife are active members of Kilusang
Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP or Farmers’ Movement in the Philippines)
and the progressive party-list organization Anakpawis (Toiling Masses) in
Zambales, an area within the jurisdiction of the 7th Infantry Division of the
Philippine Army then under the command of General Jovito Palparan.

167. Amante Abelon, Sr. is likewise an incumbent councilor of Barangay San

Rafael, San Marcelino, Zambales. He is also the Vice Chairperson of
Alyansa ng mga Magbubukid sa Gitnang Luzon-Zambales Chapter (AMGL
or Alliance of Central Luzon Farmers) a chapter organization of KMP. He
likewise served as Municipal Chairperson of Anakpawis in, Zambales.

168. On March 20, 2006, at around 11 a.m., while he, his wife Agnes, and
their five-year old son, Amante, Jr., were on board their motorcycle on their
way home from the Municipal Hall of Castillejos, Zambales, two (2) men on
board another motorcycle fired at them. Amante, Sr. was hit by three (3)
bullets on his left arm. The motorcycle the Abelons were riding skidded
and fell to the ground. Knowing that he was the target of the gunmen, his
wife prodded him to run. While running, he told his wife and child to do the
same as he believed the armed men were only after him as the gunmen
continued to fire at him. They stopped shooting only when they reached a
crowded place.

169. Amante, Sr. suffered nine (9) gunshots wounds in different parts of his
body. He was able to call for help and was brought to a hospital for
treatment. It was only after his one week confinement in the hospital when
he learned that his wife, Agnes and his son, Amante, Jr., were shot in the
head by his assailants.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 42
President of the Philippines

170. Despite the fact that the incident happened on the highway and the
police responded immediately, they did not conduct an investigation, did
not even take photographs of the crime scene nor, at the very least, made
a sketch of the place of the incident and the relative position of the victims,
all of which are standard operating procedure in crime investigation.

171. While Amante, Sr. was in the hospital, unidentified men were still
looking for him.

172. To date, the perpetrators remained unidentified. However, Abelon

believes that his frustrated summary execution and the killings of his wife
and child were the handiwork of the intelligence forces of the Philippine
Army and the same were politically motivated as they were active
members of KMP and Anakpawis.

The killing of Diosdado Fortuna

173. Diosdado Fortuna or “Ka Fort” as he was fondly called by his

colleagues was the president of the Union of Filipino Employees, the
recognized bargaining union of the employees in Nestlé Philippines. He
led the workers’ strike starting January 14, 2002 after the management
refused to comply with the 1991 Supreme Court ruling on the inclusion of
the workers’ retirement benefits in their collective bargaining agreement.

174. Fortuna was also the chairperson of PAMANTIK-KMU, the regional

formation of trade unions based in Southern Tagalog; and the chairperson
of Anakpawis Party-list in the same region.
175. On 22 September 2005, Diosdado Fortuna was shot twice in the back
by two unidentified armed men in the subdivision near Sagara Factory in
Barangay Paciano, Calamba City. The bullets went through his chest
fatally hitting his heart, liver and spleen, and causing his instant death.

176. Prior to his death, he reported that he had constantly been under
surveillance from the time the union went on strike. He had several
encounters with the police on different occasions.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 43
President of the Philippines

177. Sometime on April 2002, Fortuna, together with other sectoral leaders,
was invited by the then General Cesar Sarino at Camp Vicente Lim to
supposedly discuss the problems in the picket line. During the meeting,
however, they were told that 95 unions under the banner of Kilusang Mayo
Uno (KMU or May First Movement) were suspected fronts of the CPP-NPA
and were all under surveillance.

178. On 12 October 2003, Jose Betito, another labor organizer in the region
was abducted in front of the PAMANTIK office. The abductors mistook him
for Fortuna. According to him, he heard one of the abductors tell his
companion that Betito was not the one they were looking for. Betito was
illegally detained for more than 24 hours during which time he was shown
surveillance videos and photos of Ka Fort. There was even a video and
photo of Ka Fort with X marks, he said.

179. Although Ka Fort’s case has been reported to Calamba-PNP and Task
Force FORTUNA was created to investigate the case, to date the
investigation has not progressed.


The abduction and Torture of Brothers Raymond and Reynaldo Manalo

180. On February 14, 2006, at around 2p.m., armed men in civilian clothes
barged into the house of Jesus and Ester Manalo in Brgy. Bohol na
Mangga, San Ildefonso, Bulacan, looking for their son “Bestre” (short for
Roberto) who was a former NPA member. At that time, their 22-year old
son Raymond was taking a nap. The armed men then beat up Raymond.
He and his mother pleaded with the armed men, saying he was not Bestre.
But the armed men proceeded to tie Raymond’s hands and dragged him
into a white van. According to a witness, the van was driven by M/sgt.
Rollie Castillo, commander of the 24th infantry Battalion, PA stationed in
Brgy. Pinaod, San Ildefonso Bulacan, which military unit belongs to the 7th
Infantry Division then under the command of then Maj. Gen. Jovito
Palparan, Jr.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 44
President of the Philippines

181. Thereafter, the armed men proceeded to the house of Reynaldo,

brother of Raymond, in the same village. At that time, Reynaldo and his
wife were busy hauling charcoal which was the source of their income.
One of the armed men ordered Reynaldo to kneel down while the other
armed men stormed his house, illegally searched it and seized Reynaldo.

182. The Manalo family reported the abductions of Raymond and Reynaldo
(both farmers) to San Ildefonso Police Chief Emma Libunao who took them
to the 24th IBPA detachment where they met M/Sgt. Castillo. The latter
assured them nothing untoward would happen to Raymond and Reynaldo.

183. On May 12, 2006, the relatives of the abducted brothers filed a petition
of habeas corpus at the Court of Appeals against then Lt. Gen.
Hermogenes Esperon, Jr. then in command of the Philippine Army; then
Maj. Gen. Jovito Palparan, Jr., then 7th IDPA Commander; M/Sgt Rizal
Hilario alias Rollie Castillo; and members of CAFGU namely, Michael dela
Cruz, Mading dela Cruz, “Puti” dela Cruz, “Pula” dela Cruz, Randy
Mendoza and Rudy Mendoza. These respondents denied being involved
or having participated in the abduction of the Manalo brothers.

184. On July 25, 2006, the Manalo Family filed a complaint against the
Deparment of National Defense (DND) and certain military officials with the

185. On August 13, 2007 between 1:00-2:00 a.m., the brothers escaped
from illegal detention. Raymond narrated that after they were seized on
February 14, 2006 by a group of armed men led by M/Sgt Rolly Castillo,
they were taken to Fort Magsaysay in Nueva Ecija where the 7th IDPA is
based. They were tied and blindfolded, severely beaten up, burned up with
“dapog” in their arms, thighs, back, lips and just below the eyes and other
forms of torture. He told of his first attempt to escape after one week in
captivity and of his recapture. He also said that during 18 months in
captivity, he saw other victims of enforced disappearance being similarly
held incommunicado and subjected to various forms of physical and
psychological torture.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 45
President of the Philippines

186. On August 23, 2007, the brothers filed with the Supreme Court a
petition for Prohibition, Injunction, Temporary Restraining Order, among
other reliefs, seeking to restrain the Secretary of National Defense, the
AFP, its Chief of Staff, officers, agents and other persons under their
authority, supervision, control and/or direction, from arresting or abducting
the brothers. They also sought among other reliefs for a protective
custody order in favor the brothers.

187. On August 24, 2007 the Supreme Court issued a temporary restraining

The adbuction and torture of Oscar Leuterio, Bernabe Mendiola, Virgilio

Calila and Teresa Calilap

188. On April 17, 2006, at around 10:35 in the morning, while Bernabe
Mendiola was handing out the salaries of the workers in Iron Ore Mining,
around 30 military elements in plainclothes, together with civilian guides
Bitoy, Alladin and Alvin Pastrana, indiscriminately fired upon the workers’
site. At that time, there were more or less 60 workers in the work site. The
assailants were armed with high caliber rifles such as M203, M16 and
M14, and their faces covered. The civilian guides who were bare-faced
were also armed with high caliber rifles.

189. The armed military men went to the workers’ huts located in the mining
site. The workers were bodily searched and their personal belongings
such as cellular phones, money and other personal items were forcibly
taken from them. More or less 30 cellular phones and cash amounting to
about P200,000 were taken from the workers.

190. The workers were all ordered to lie face down on the ground in front of
the hut located at the center of the site and under the scorching heat of the
sun from 10:35 am to 5:00 pm. Oscar Leuterio, Bernabe Mendiola, and
the couple Virgilio and Teresa Calilap were separated from the rest of the
workers. Their hands were tied and they were kicked, trampled and hit by
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 46
President of the Philippines

M16 and M14 rifle-butts in different parts of their bodies. While being
beaten, they were forced to tell the armed men the names and
whereabouts of the members of the NPA.

191. At around 5:00 pm, the four victims were ordered to stand up and were
blindfolded. Their abductors took them to the woods about 200 meters
away from the center of Brgy. Camaching on board a truck owned by Iron
Ore Mining. At the woods, the four workers were subjected to further
beatings. They were again interrogated on the whereabouts of the NPA.

192. At around 10:00 pm, they were brought to Camp Tecson in San Miguel,
Bulacan. Oscar Leuterio said he saw where they were taken to because
his blindfold got loose and he saw the words Camp Tecson on the arch
they passed through. They were taken to a small hut in the rear part of the
camp. They were deprived of food, and they were subjected to more
beatings. A certain Boy Muslim in yellow T-shirt and denim pants and who
was drunk was carrying out the torture.

193. Boy Muslim pounded on Oscar Leuterio’s head with a 2x3 piece of
wood that produced a big gash on the left side of his head. The same
piece of wood was also used to pound his fingers and toes causing them
to burst open. The wood was also used to clobber his legs and knees.
When Boy Muslim once again struck his head with the piece of wood,
Oscar lost consciousness. The other three victims suffered the same fate
as Oscar’s. The latter related that before he lost consciousness, he
witnessed the beatings suffered by his other companions since they were
all placed inside the same hut.

194. When Oscar regained consciousness, he saw his companions and an

investigator who did not identify himself. The investigator told him that they
were thankful that he regained consciousness because they all thought he
was already dead. The investigator tried to mollify him by saying that Boy
Muslim is really evil when drunk and he was only doing his job.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 47
President of the Philippines

195. In the morning of April 18, 2006, Oscar was taken out of the hut and
was brought to a table beside it for questioning. The investigator asked
him the names of the members of the NPA and where they were hiding.
The questioning lasted for half an hour, after which, he was brought back
inside the hut and the rest of the victims were also taken out for

196. Oscar related that because they were blindfolded and their hands were
tied, a boy who introduced himself as Noli fed him during lunch. Noli was
an altar boy of Fr. Viola, a Catholic priest from their hometown and the son
of Oscar’s friend Lito. Noli was arrested because his brother is suspected
to be an NPA member and his family allegedly supports the NPA.

197. They were made to take a rest after lunch and at about 8:00 in the
evening they were taken on board a van; Oscar assumed this because
they entered it through a sliding door on its side. He also sensed that
other than the four of them, there were military men on board the van.

198. The travel lasted for about three hours and were brought to a house in
the middle of the woods, which they later found out to be inside Fort
Magsaysay in Laur, Nueva Ecija. They figured this out when they heard
male voices talking about their plan to go to a wet market in Cabanatuan.
This was later confirmed when they heard aircraft landing and taking off in
a nearby airstrip. Fort Magsaysay is the closest military installation with an
199. They were taken into a house with four adjoining cells. Each cell
measured about 6x3x5 feet. It had concrete walls and floor and metal
grills topped with galvanized iron roofing. It also had a toilet made of
hollow blocks at its other end.

200. Oscar was placed in the cell closest to the door, to his right was placed
the Calilap couple, next to their cell was Bernabe Mendola’s and the last
cell was occupied by the brothers Raymond and Reynan of Bohol na
Mangga, San Miguel, Bulacan. Until now Mendiola remains missing.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 48
President of the Philippines

201. On the seventh day of their incarceration, the beatings resumed. They
were whipped with a water hose in different parts of their bodies while
being questioned on where they hid the guns and the names of those in
possession of guns. The whipping lasted for about 5 minutes.

202. They were blindfolded every time they were taken out of their cells for
questioning but their blindfolds were removed once they were inside.
Since Oscar’s cell was beside the door, he could see the people outside
through the space in the door when it was not properly closed.

203. The guards told them that “lolo’s replacement will take them home”.
Oscar found out that it was a certain Gomez who accompanied them.
Oscar and Manuel together with another one abducted and finally released
from Peñaranda and six more soldiers rode in a Pajero. Oscar was made
to get off in San Ildefonso, Bulacan and was told to hire a tricycle to go
home. It took him two weeks to find a cellular phone to contact his son to
pick him up.

The illegal arrest, arbitrary detention and torture of the “Tagaytay Five”

204. Now collectively known as Tagaytay Five, Riel R. Custodio of Batangas

City; Michael M. Masayes of Tagaytay City; Axel Alejandro A. Pinpin of
Indang, Cavite; Aristedes Q. Sarmiento of Calamba City and Enrico Y.
Ybanez of Tagaytay City are peasant leaders, organizers and advocates
associated with Katipunan ng mga Magsasaka ng Kabite
(KAMAGSASAKA-KA) a provincial peasant organization of the KMP.

205. At around 6:30 sundown of April 28, 2006, while traveling along Ligaya
Drive, Sangay, Tagaytay City, the members of Tagaytay Five were forcibly
and illegally abducted by an estimated 30 to 40 heavily armed elements of
the Philippine National Police and the AFP-Philippine Navy Intelligence
and Security Force (NISF). Their abductors wore various uniforms and
plain clothes, all bearing no name plates, and carrying no warrants of
arrest or search warrants.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 49
President of the Philippines

206. For three (3) agonizing days, which seemed eternity for them and their
relatives, they were kept blindfolded and hog-tied, involuntarily interrogated
without the aid of counsel, physically harmed and repeatedly threatened
with electrocution and summary execution. They were held
incommunicado in various military and police camps and safe houses and
deliberately hidden from their relatives. They were divested of all
valuables, personal belongings, and organizational properties. The
unmistakable marks of torture are now borne by at least two (2) of them.
Sarmiento’s 2nd degree burn wound on his right leg remains unhealed
three (3) months after their abduction.

207. Unable to get even a shred of evidence, the above-mentioned PNP unit
planted belatedly evidence on the Tagaytay Five and declared in a press
conference presided over by the then Chief of the PNP, Director General
Arturo Lomibao in Camp Crame, Quezon City on May 1, 2006 that they
belonged to a group of NPA sent to destabilize the Arroyo government
during the Labor Day celebration. Brute force and psychological torture
were inflicted but failed to force the Tagaytay Five to admit the false
allegation of membership in the NPA.

208. A case of rebellion was filed against the Tagaytay Five before the
Regional Trial Court of Tagaytay City. On the other hand, despite
complaints and evidence of torture found on the Tagaytay Five, the
arresting officers were not even investigated by the PNP and the Navy.

The illegal arrest, arbitrary detention and torture of the “Lopez Six”

209. Fernando Torres, Nonilon Parro, Herbert Imperial and minors Jefferson
Paraiso, Kennedy Abilio, and Joey Imperial collectively known as the
“Lopez Six” are farmers from Lopez, Quezon.

210. On June 7, 2006, an encounter between the NPA and elements of the
Philippine Army occurred in Sitio Amogis, Barangay Pisipis, Lopez,
Quezon, where an army soldier was killed and another wounded.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 50
President of the Philippines

211. On that day, minors Jefferson Paraiso, Kennedy Abilio and Joey
Imperial together with Herbert Imperial were gathering copra, (dried
coconuts for milling) when they heard the gunfire from a nearby area.
Since it was dangerous for them to continue with their work, they stopped
and went to their uncle, Fernando Torres. They decided to resume
working when the gunfire stopped. Along the way, however, they met the
elements of Philippine Army who immediately took them into custody and
brought them to the scene of the encounter. They were hogtied and
subjected to bodily harm by the military. Thereafter, they were brought to
Barangay Villa Espina where a truckload of soldiers were waiting.

212. They were brought blindfolded to a military camp in Barangay

Banabain, Lopez, Quezon. A case of rebellion was filed against them by
the military. While in military custody, they were subjected to physical and
psychological torture to force them to admit to the false allegation that they
are members of the NPA.

The illegal arrest, arbitrary detention and torture of Angie Ipong

213. On 8 March 2005 at about 2:00 in the afternoon, Angie Ipong was
forcibly abducted without a warrant of arrest by armed men wearing
bonnets who introduced themselves as members of the Philippine National
Police-Criminal Investigation and Detection Group (PNP-CIDG) at the
Anastacia Mission Village in Barangay Lumbayao, Aloran, Misamis
Occidental where she was supposed to have a consultation meeting with
peace advocates regarding CARHRIHL. With only sleeping garments on,
she was dragged into a silver white van and blindfolded despite her pleas.

214. Ipong was held incommunicado until 11 March 2005 inside a bunker at
the 1st Infantry (Tabak) Division Camp of the Philippine Army in Pulacan,
Labangan, Zamboanga del Sur. She was photographed against her will.
As a sign of protest, Ipong went on a hunger strike.

215. On 12 March 2005, she was brought to the AFP-Southern Command

Headquarters in Zamboanga City where she was interrogated under
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 51
President of the Philippines

duress, tortured and sexually molested. There her abductors tied her
hands to her back, punched her at the sides and hit her head. They
blindfolded her every time she was interrogated. They undressed and
subjected her to acts of lasciviousness. They fondled and made her
breasts and other private parts the object of fun. Ipong was placed in a
room with the air-conditioning unit intentionally switched on full blast. It was
under this condition that Ipong was forced to admit though untrue that she
was a top ranking official of the CPP-NPA.

216. After the forced “admission,” Ipong was spared from further torture.
Although obtained through force and under duress, this was made the
basis for the rebellion and triple murder cases filed by the Judge Advocate
General Office of the Armed Forces against her before the Regional Trial
Court of Dipolog City.

217. On 14 March 2005, Gen. Braganza of the Southern Command

presented her to the media allegedly as a captured NPA leader. At that
time, she was so sick, nauseated and pained that her abductors had to
wheel her in.

218. On 18 March 2005, she was brought to the Molave Municipal Hall then
to Ramon Magsaysay Prison.

219. The following day, or on 19 March 2005, Ipong was taken to Pagadian
City Jail where she is currently illegally detained.

220. From the time Ipong was abducted until 20 March 2005, her family,
friends and legal counsel had searched for her in different military camps,
including the 1st Infantry Tabak Division in Pulacan, Labangan,
Zamboanga del Sur. But the military denied having arrested Ipong or
having her in their custody.

221. It was not until 21 March 2005 that Ipong was allowed to be visited by
her lawyer, Atty. Andres Nacilla, and by KARAPATAN.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 52
President of the Philippines


The Hacienda Luisita Massacre

222. On November 6, 2004, in Hacienda Luisita, a sprawling sugarcane

estate in Tarlac City covering more than 6,400 hectares and owned by the
Cojuangco-Aquino clan, the workers therein belonging to United Luisita
Workers’ Union (ULWU) and the Central Azucarera de Tarlac Labor Union
(CATLU) simultaneously declared a strike to compel the
management/owners to heed their legitimate economic demands, such as
increase in wages and better terms and conditions of employment. ULWU
also demanded the reinstatement of the illegally dismissed officers and
members of the union. Their strike also exposed the fraudulent scheme
adopted by the management to deprive the farm worker-beneficiaries of
their right to land through the deceptive Stock Distribution Option (SDO)
instead of distributing it to them pursuant to the avowed land-for-the-
landless policy of the state as provided under the Comprehensive Agrarian
Reform Law. By a combination of misrepresentation and intimidation, the
management was able to impose the SDO scheme on the farm workers
and peasants in the hacienda. It promised to them that the SDO would
improve their lives. In reality, though, the scheme has further
impoverished them.

223. Officers and members of ULWU believe that their filing of a petition in
2003 seeking the revocation/nullification of the SDO in Hacienda Luisita
may have been the reason for the union busting and the illegal dismissal of
the farm workers.

224. On November 6, 7 and 15, 2004, despite the peaceful strike of the
workers, hundreds of police officers attempted to break up the picket line
using tear gas, water cannon, truncheons and later firearms, which
seriously injured many strikers.

225. Despite the threat of an impending bloody dispersal, the strikers stood
their ground. On the other hand, though, President Macapagal-Arroyo and
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 53
President of the Philippines

her government simply turned a cold shoulder to the plight of the striking
workers. Her deafening silence was interpreted as acquiescence to the
police violence in Hacienda Luisita. Worse, her alter ego at the
Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE), Secretary Patricia Sto.
Tomas, issued an Assumption of Jurisdiction (AJ) Order on November 10,
2004. Although it was issued solely against CATLU, curiously, said AJ
was forcibly served upon ULWU. More strangely, the Labor Secretary
deputized not only the police but also the Armed Forces in the supposed
full implementation of the AJ.

226. To avert further violence against the strikers, in the morning of

November 16, 2004, the respective officers of ULWU and CATLU went to
the Makati residence of former Congressman Peping Cojuangco, a co-
owner of Hacienda Luisita. Their purpose was to negotiate with the former
congressman and his wife to spare the people from the looming violent
and bloody dispersal of the strike as enunciated in the AJ. Insisting that
the ULWU officers no longer had any personality to talk with them because
they were deemed dismissed, Mr. Cojuangco and his wife denied the
ULWU officers entry into their house.

227. No agreement was reached during the negotiation. Mr. Cojuangco

stood firm on his stance to leave the matter to the decision of the DOLE.
Thus, the union officers went back to the picket lines in Hacienda Luisita.
At that time, hundreds of PNP elements and AFP soldiers in full battle gear
were already deployed inside the sugar mill compound. Positioned along
with them were two armored personnel carriers (APCs), two pay loaders
and four fire trucks. Only the steel gate at Gate 1 of the sugar mill
separated the combined military and police forces from the strikers.

228. Immediately thereafter and without any negotiation between the strikers
and the dispersal teams taking place first, the latter assaulted the strikers.
The dispersal teams blasted the strikers with water from the fire trucks,
which stung their skin. They also lobbed the strikers with tear gas.
Unsuccessful in their attempt to crush the picket line, the dispersal teams
commandeered an APC that pounded upon the steel gate. When it had
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 54
President of the Philippines

smashed open the gate, the people started throwing stones or anything
they could put their hands on at the APC to thwart its attempt to disperse
them. Having caused the APC to retreat, the people lifted their hands in
jubilation, only to get shocked shortly thereafter by successive gunshots
indiscriminately fired upon them. Every one scampered and ran for cover.
In just a moment, seven strikers lay dead while a number of others
sustained severe gunshot wounds. A little while later, more than a
hundred other strikers were illegally arrested and arbitrarily detained en
masse by the military and the police, not sparing a woman who was seven
months pregnant.

229. The violent massacre did not put an end to the gross violations of the
rights of the striking workers. On the contrary, the Cojuangco-Aquino
family, in conspiracy with the military, the police, the paramilitary groups
such as the Civilian Armed Forces Geographical Units (CAFGU), and other
hired agents/gunmen, has continued to harass, threaten and violate the
rights of the hacienda people.

230. On the night of December 8, 2004, Marcelino Beltran, himself a peasant

and a key witness to the massacre, was brutally murdered in his home in a
remote village in Tarlac.

231. On the night of January 5, 2005, hacienda workers George Loveland

and Ernesto Ramos were fatally injured when still unidentified bodyguards
of Rep. Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino, who were armed, attacked them at the
picket point outside Las Haciendas gate.

232. On March 3, 2005, Abelardo Ladera, a duly elected councilor in Tarlac

City, a member of Bayan Muna and a staunch supporter of the strike, was
shot dead by a single bullet in the chest while he was buying some spare
parts for his automobile.

233. On March 13, 2005, Fr. William Tadena of the Philippine Independent
Church, who also strongly supported the plight of the strikers, was likewise
gunned down after officiating mass in his parish in La Paz, Tarlac.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 55
President of the Philippines

234. Thereafter, another peasant strongly supporting the strikers, Victor

Concepcion, was likewise summarily executed in his house.

235. In the nighttime of October 25, 2005, while resting after personally
distributing the unpaid earned wages and benefits of the sugar mill
workers, Ricardo Ramos, president of CATLU and village chairman of one
of the barangays located inside the hacienda, was brutally gunned down
near his house.

236. Villages in the hacienda have become heavily militarized. Many

villagers have complained of being subjected to illegal arrest. Others have
been unjustly suspected of being NPA members and are being forced to
admit and sign rebel returnee’s papers.

237. At 2 a.m. of November 14, 2005, strikers manning the picket point in
Brgy. Balete were mauled and seized by elements of the 48th Infantry
Battalion under the command of Maj. Gen. Jovito Palparan who was then
chief of the 7th Infantry Division. Eleven of the strikers were illegally and
forcibly taken to a safe house where they were interrogated. Three of
them were subsequently charged with illegal possession of firearms on the
basis of planted evidence.

238. Rene Galang, president of ULWU, and his family have been principally
targeted by the military and the police. Several elements of the military
have virtually maintained a detachment in a house just across his
residence. They would ask around about his whereabouts. In addition, on
or about September 26, 2005, they broke into his house. His wife was
slapped in the face by the military for having told the people about the
break-in by these soldiers. Even his children experienced harassment and
intimidation by the military while at school.

239. On March 17, 2006, around midnight, another officer of ULWU, Tirso
Cruz, was murdered in cold blood by the military near his house inside the
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 56
President of the Philippines

240. Remarkably, all throughout the struggle of the workers and their
families, Macapagal-Arroyo maintained almost complete silence and
showed her utter lack of concern over the issues confronting the people.
Only once did she issue a statement, at the prodding of the CBCP,
hypocritically hoping for a peaceful resolution ot the conflict at Hacienda
Luisita. To the Hacienda workers and farmers, the president’s cold
response amounted to tacit approval of the continuing unlawful aggression
committed by the military, police and paramilitary forces, in collusion with
the hacienda owners, against the poor working people in the hacienda.

241. On January 13, 2005, ULWU and CATLU and the victims of the
Hacienda Luisita massacre filed criminal cases for multiple murder and
multiple frustrated murder, among others, against the owners of the
hacienda, the numerous military and police officers who perpetrated and
ordered the violent dispersal of the otherwise peaceful strike, and Sec.
Patricia Sto. Tomas. To date, however, the Office of the Ombudsman,
before which the cases were filed, has sat on their bounden duty to
investigate and prosecute these cases.

242. The Philippine National Police, feigning an impartial and unbiased

investigation into the incident, likewise came up with its report of its
investigation which, expectedly, absolved the state forces, save for less
than a handful low-ranking police officers.

243. The victims of the massacre and their relatives and supporters have
already brought this case to the attention of the local Commission on
Human Rights, the United Nations and other international fora. It has also
been the subject of legislative inquiries in the two chambers of the
Philippine Congress. After more than two years and despite efforts of the
victims and their relatives and supporters to seek justice, the Office of the
Ombudsman is yet to act upon their petition.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 57
President of the Philippines

Massacre of Farmers in Palo, Leyte

244. The San Agustin Farmer Beneficiaries Multi-purpose Cooperative

(SFBMC) is composed of more or less 60 farmer-members in Brgy. San
Agustin, Palo, Leyte.

245. Sometime in June 2004, the members of the cooperative - Rene

Margallo, Renato Dizon, Fe Muriel, Bernabe Burra, Francisco
Cobacha and Ariel Santiso sought help from the cooperative
regarding the landgrabbing by Pedro Margallo of their respective lands.

246. The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) has already rendered a

decision in favor of the 6 farmer-members but Pedro Margallo still insisted
on taking possession of the land.

247. SFBMC member Bernabe Burra sought help from Bayan Muna-Metro
Tacloban Chapter. When Bayan Muna positively responded, the members
of the cooperative decided to schedule a “balik-uma” (return-to-the-land)
on the land awarded to the farmers by the DAR and help the 6 farmers till
their lands.

248. The members of SFBMC set the “balik-uma” on November 21, 2005. In
the evening of November 20, 2005, the farmers who would be participating
in the “balik-uma” were already in the “kamalig” or make-shift hut owned by
the father of Rene Margallo to make preparations for the early morning
planting activities. The “kamalig” was near the land to be tilled by the

249. At around 5 a.m. of November 21, 2005, more or less 50 farmers were
gathered in the “kamalig.” It is the practice of farmers to invite neighboring
villages at the opening of the planting season and this is usually met with a
feast; thus, other farmers from Brgy. Teraza and Capirawan and farmer-
members of the Alang-alang Small Farmers Association (ASFA) based in
the nearby Alang-alang, Leyte joined the “balik-uma”.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 58
President of the Philippines

250. Some of the farmers were already awake cooking their food and having
coffee when, without any warning, they were peppered with gunfire by men
wearing ski masks that almost covered their faces. The farmers shouted
out they were unarmed civilians but these were ignored and instead, the
armed men continued to fire their guns. Five hand grenades were also
thrown at them.

251. As a result, eight farmers died including Alma Bartoline who was seven
months pregnant. More than ten were injured.

252. When the firing stopped, the armed men who were in full-battle gear
approached the “kamalig.” They were members of the 19th Infantry
Battalion of the Philippine Army. They ordered the farmers to lie face-
down and stepped on the farmers’ back, forcing them to admit they were
members of the NPA.

253. The soldiers insisted that the farmers are members and sympathizers of
the NPA, and were concealing some firearms. When the farmers denied
the allegations and explained that they are plain and simple farmers and
were unarmed, a soldier came with a sackful of firearms and “subversive”
documents and insisted that these belonged to the farmers.

254. The farmers pleaded for immediate medical attention but the soldiers

255. Col. Louie Dagoy admitted that members of the 19th IB of the Philippine
Army carried out the attack but claimed that this was a legitimate military

256. What the soldiers perpetrated was a cold-blooded massacre of innocent

farmers not an encounter between the military and the NPA as falsely
claimed by the military authorities in their official statements. It was clearly
pre-meditated, as evidenced by the fact that the soldiers had prepared a
sackful of old firearms and “subversive documents” to be planted at the
scene of the crime.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 59
President of the Philippines

257. To justify their actions and cover up their heinous crime, the 19th IB PA
filed charges of illegal possession of low-powered firearms against nine
farmers who survived the massacre, arrested and detained them. Another
case of illegal possession of high-powered firearms was filed at the
Regional Trial Court (RTC) in Tacloban City. Unable to post bail, the
farmers remain detained at the Kauswagan Provincial Jail.

258. While under detention, they continue to receive death threats. One of
them, Joselito Tobe, a member of Concerned Citizens for Justice and
Peace and Bayan Muna Party-list died while in detention. The Kauswagan
Provincial Jail authorities alleged that he suffered a stroke. But the
relatives and friends of Joselito Tobe are not convinced considering that
two (2) weeks prior to his death, Tobe informed his relatives and friends
that he and his co-detainee Arnel Dizon had received death threats.

259. Due to the financial support generated by various human rights groups,
two of the farmers who have been receiving death threats while in
detention were released on bail.

260. On October 3, 2006, the Regional Trial Court of Tacloban, Leyte

dismissed the case of illegal possession of high-powered firearms. They
are still awaiting the decision of the Municipal Trial Court in the other case.

261. Counter-charges are being prepared by the farmers against the

members of the 19th IB, Philippine Army.

Attacks on church people

262. Church people have also been the targets of attacks either by troops in
uniform, military agents or their death squads. To date, 23 church
workers, 10 of whom were pastors and priests have become victims of
extrajudicial killings.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 60
President of the Philippines

263. Rev. Jeremias Tinambacan was a resident pastor of the United Church
of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP) in Calaran, Calamba, Misamis
Occidental. He was an active member of the Kapatirang Simbahan para
sa Bayan (KASIMBAYAN), the Promotion of Church People’s Response-
Western Mindanao and the Gloria Step-Down Movement (GSM)-Misamis
Occidental. He was also the Provincial Chairperson of Bayan Muna –
Misamis Occidental chapter, and the Center for Relief and Development
(CENRED), and the executive Director of the Mission for Indigenous and
Self Reliance People’s Assistance Incorporated (MISPA, Inc.)

264. On May 9, 2006, at around 5:30 p.m., Rev. Jemias and his wife Rev.
Marilou Tinambacan were on their way to visit some relatives in Oroquieta
City, Misamis Occidental on board their Besta van. When they reached
Barangay Mabod in Oroquieta City, four armed men on board two DT
Yamaha-Type motorcycles suddenly appeared on their side and began
shooting at them.

265. Upon seeing that they were being shot at, Rev. Marilou immediately hid
beneath the dashboard. Rev. Jemias lost control of the car after being hit
and crushed onto a gemelina tree. The suspects continued firing at the
vehicle. Rev. Marilou saw one of the suspects, Mamy Guimlan, who is a
known military intelligence agent, who cried out “Buhi pa ang bay!” (The
woman is still alive!) But he failed to see her because she was able to

266. Rev. Jemias was hit thrice in the head, while Rev. Marilou sustained a
wound on her head that was narrowly missed by a bullet and some bruises
on her shoulder as a result of the car crash.

267. The victims were immediately rushed to the Misamis Occidental

Provincial Hospital in Oroqiueta City, but Rev. Jemias was declared dead
on arrival. Rev. Marilou was treated for her wounds.

268. Rev. Edison Lapuz was the Chairperson of Katungod-Karapatan in

Eastern Visayas, founding member of PCPR, convenor of Justice for Atty.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 61
President of the Philippines

Dacut Alliance, conference minister of North Eastern Leyte Conference

(NELCON)-UCCP and coordinator of Eastern Visayas, Visayas jurisdiction,
UCCP. He was also the BAYAN MUNA coordinator for Leyte and Samar.
On March 12, 2005, around 6:30 p.m. Rev. Lapuz was shot by two
unidentified assassins aboard a motorcycle, hitting him on the left temple
and stomach. He died on the spot. His companion, Alfredo Malinao, a
peasant leader and barangay captain was also wounded on the chest,
near his heart. The killing took place in San Isidro, Leyte. Sometime in
May 2005, military men went four (4) times to the house of Rev. Lapuz’
father. They asked him about the whereabouts of his son. The military
men also asked for a copy of the latest picture of Rev. Lapuz. One of the
military men was identified as a certain Lt. Mangohon. On May 13, 2005,
Lt. Mangohon, along with four military men visited the wake of Rev. Lapuz,
a few hours after he was gunned down.

269. Rev. Father William Tadena was assigned to the parish of the Iglesia
Filipina Independiente (IFI) in La Paz, Tarlac and had served well his
parishioners. He was appointed as the Chairman of the Human Rights
and Social Concerns Committee of the Diocese of Tarlac. He was a
member of the local chapter of the local chapter of the Promotion of
Church People’s Response (PCPR) and Alliance for the Advancement of
Human Rights (KARAPATAN). He was a genuine advocate for the
legitimate rights of the workers and a supporter of the struggle of the
Hacienda Luisita workers.

270. On March 13, 2005, at about 7:00 a.m., Fr. Tadena celebrated Mass at
the mission chapel of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente, Barangay
Guevarra, La Paz Tarlac. After the mass, around 8:00 in the morning, he
proceeded to the La Paz town proper for the next mass, together with his
sacristan Charlie Gabriel, parish secretary Miss Ervina Domingo and his
guitarist Carlos Barsolazo on board his owner type jeep. As they drove
along the provincial highway towards La Paz they slowed down in front of
the Guevarra Elementary School (approximately 50 meters away from IFI
chapel) because of a hump on the road. An unidentified person at the
waiting shed called his name saying “father”, at the same time waving for
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 62
President of the Philippines

him to stop. He was joined by another unidentified person. Both were

wearing helmets. As the two persons approached the jeep, Father Tadena
sensed some danger and told Ervina Domingo who was sitting at the front
seat “Ambush na ito.” (This is an ambush!) At that moment, the two men
immediately shot Father Tadena three times as well as Carlos and Charlie
who were sitting at the back seat. One of the perpetrators positioned
himself beside the jeep and parried Ervina while firing two more shots
hitting Father Tadena on his nape and head.

271. Thereafter, the perpetrators hurriedly boarded their motorcycle and

drove towards the town of Victoria, Tarlac. Several IFI parishioners rushed
to the scene of the incident and after seeing Father Tadena and his
companions seriously wounded helped them and rushed them to the La
Paz Medical Center for first aid. Then they were brought to the Central
Luzon Doctors’ Hospital in Tarlac City. Medical attention was given but to
no avail. Father Tadena died of the gunshots wounds. Church guitarist
Carlos Barsolazo was in critical condition after he underwent surgical
operations. Charlie Gabriel sustained two gunshot wounds in the legs and
was pronounced out of danger. Ervina Domingo sustained bruises on her
wrist and leg, suffered extreme anxiety and was in a state of shock.

Attacks on journalists/media people

272. Since President Macapagal-Arroyo assumed the presidency in 2001 to

date, there have been 48 work-related killing of journalists. Remarkably 12
of them were killed in 2006 alone. Other journalists face threats and
harassments in an attempt of those in power to silence them.

273. Last year, multiple libel cases were filed by First Gentleman Miguel
Arroyo against 43 reporters, columnists, editors, publishers and
subscription manager of different publications. There was even an attempt
by the police to arrest and detain one of these journalists charged with libel
during a press briefing right at Malacanang palace where the presidential
family resides and the President holds office. The First Gentleman has
also filed libel suits against the Tulfo brothers.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 63
President of the Philippines

274. Spouses George and Maricel Vigo, both journalists in Kidapawan City,
were on their way home on a motorcycle in the afternoon of June 19, 2006
after a visit to and meeting with Fr. Peter Geremia, an Italian-American
missionary who has worked in Mindanao since 1977, when they were shot
to death by a gunman on a motorcycle with companions.

275. At the time he was killed, George Vigo, 33, was a correspondent at the
Union of Catholic Asian News (UCAN)-Philippines. Maricel, on the other
hand, was a program host at the church-run dxND radio station in
Kidapawan, North Cotabato. Both were peace advocates and wrote about
the church and communities’ peace initiatives in their region and
conducted campus journalism training in Kidapawan City where they
shared the idea of public and peace journalism.

276. George regularly wrote about the rights of the ‘Lumads’ (or the
‘indigenous peoples’) particularly against the intrusion of banana
plantations around Mt. Apo which is considered sacred by the Lumads.

277. After their murder, the police pointed to a certain Dionisio Madanggit,
allegedly an NPA hitman, as the perpetrator; but the NPA strongly denied
the police theory. The following day, the police summoned Maricel’s
mother to the police station and asked her to sign some documents. She
was told that the papers were meant to establish that she was Maricel’s
mother and that George was her son-in-law. Alave, who has failing vision,
said she signed the documents even though she could not read what was
written on them.

278. It was only later when her son, Gregorio, discovered that the
documents his mother had signed included a paragraph that identified the
killer as a certain Dionisio Madanguit. Mrs. Alave said she retracted the
statement because she never knew that man.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 64
President of the Philippines

Attacks on lawyers

279. The country is not only a dangerous place for journalists and activists
but for members of the legal profession as well. In 2006 alone, a total of
seven lawyers have been killed while nine lawyers, one judge and one law
student were killed in 2005. Most of those killed were human rights
lawyers and were killed by reason of the exercise of the profession or
advocacy. Also reported were a number of cases of threats and
harassments against lawyers involved in land and labor disputes and
human rights cases.

280. Juvy Magsino, 34 years old, a woman human rights lawyer and the
Vice Mayor of Naujan, Mindoro Oriental at the time of her death. She was
also the Chairperson of Mindoro for Justice and Peace and a candidate
Mayor for the 2004 elections. Ms. Leima Fortu, 27 years old, was a
teacher and Acting Sec. Gen. of Mindoro Oriental. On the night of
February 13, 2004, Atty. Magsino and Ms. Fortu were on board a Toyota
Revo on their way home to Naujan coming from Calapan City. At around
11 pm, as they were leaving their friend’s house, a man fired at them. As
they sped off, two men on a motorcycle chased them and repeatedly fired
shots at them. Later, their lifeless bodies were found inside Atty.
Magsino’s Toyota Revo that was ditched in a rice field at Bgy. Amuguis,
Naujan, Mindoro Oriental. The shooting happened only 500 meters from
the 204th Brigade Headquarters.

281. Felidito Dacut, 51 years old, married, was the Regional Coordinator and
Legal Counsel of BAYAN MUNA Partylist in Eastern Visayas. He was also
a member of the Board of Directors of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines
(IBP). On March 14, 2005 at around 6:45 p.m., Atty. Dacut was shot at his
back by two unidentified men aboard a TMX single motorcycle at Real St.,
Tacloban City while he was on board a multi-cab vehicle on his way home
from a meeting. The assailants used a short pistol with ‘silencer’ wearing
white round T-shirts and maong pants. Atty. Dacut was among those who
initiated a ‘solidarity mission’ to investigate human rights violations in
Catarman, Northern Samar; He was handling human rights and labor
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 65
President of the Philippines


282. Gil Gojol was a human rights and labor lawyer since the 1990s. He
was lawyer to farmers in Bicol and those political persecuted and charged
by the military with acts of rebellion. On December 12, 2006, Atty. Gohol
was killed with his driver Danilo France in Gubat, Sorsogon about 200
meters from a detachment of the 22nd Infantry Battalion of the Philippine
Army. Gohol had just come from a court hearing and was on his way to
Sorsogon City when four motocrcycle-riding men shot at his van. France
was the first to be hit causing the vehicle to stop. Gohol tried to flee from
his assailants but bullets hit him at the back and his buttocks, causing him
to fall on his face. The assailants then went near him and shot him in the
head causing his instant death.

Attacks on Party List Organizations

283. Bayan Muna is a national political party duly accredited by the

Philippine Commission on Elections to participate in the Party List
elections. Composed mainly of workers, farmers, professionals and other
progressive sectors, Bayan Muna champions the cause of “New Politics,
the “politics of change” in the Philippines. Campaigning for social reforms
and firmly opposing foreign domination, feudal bondage and bureucratic
corruption, Bayan Muna won three seats in the House of Representatives
in the 2001 elections, under the party list system.

284. The party list system is a mechanism designed to allow the

“marginalized sectors” representation in Congress. A Party List
organization can win seats in the House of Representatives if it garners at
least 2.5 percent of all votes cast for the Party List.

285. Bayan Muna was joined in 2004 by Anakpawis, a Partylist party

representing the interests of the toiling masses; Gabriela Women’s Party
List party, representing the interests of the women sector; Suara Party
representing the interests of the Bangsa Moro; Migrante Party List party,
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 66
President of the Philippines

representing the migrant workers; and Anakbayan, representing the

interests of the youth. In the 2004 elections, Bayan Muna won three seats,
Anakpawis two seats, and Gabriela Women’s Party List party, one seat in
the House of Representatives.

286. Together, they became known for championing the rights and welfare of
the marginalized sectors of the country, i.e., workers, peasants, women,
youth, fisherfolk, indigenous peoples, urban poor and other down-trodden
by actively pushing urgent people’s concerns in the halls of the Philippine
Congress. They also participate in the parliament of the streets, directly
engaging in and supporting mass protest actions on a variety of issues.

287. Since Bayan Muna emerged victorious in the 2001 elections, its leaders
and members have been the target of brazen attacks by government
officials, notably by National Security Adviser Norberto Gonzales.
Anakpawis, Gabriela WPL, and Suara have similarly been targets of
killings, harassments and other human rights violations since 2004. The
Arroyo regime has repeatedly branded these party list parties as “front”
organizations of the Communist Party of the Philippines and as target for
“neutralization” (in military parlance, physical elimination of the subjects).

288. Since 2001, one hundred and twenty-eight (128) members and leaders
of Bayan Muna have been summarily killed. Since 2004, thirty-two (32)
Anakpawis, two (2) Suara, and one (1) Gabriela party list members and
leaders were killed. A still undetermined but considerable number have
survived assassination attempts, while fourteen (14) party list members
and leaders have forcibly disappeared.

289. On March 9, 2005 at around 4:30 p.m., Romy Sanchez, the Ilocos
Regional Coordinator of Bayan Muna was in Baguio City with his
companions to buy 2nd hand clothing materials when he was shot by
unidentified men. His companions saw him already lying on the pavement
with blood oozing from his wound. Sanchez died on the spot. Before his
killing, he had been receiving death threats and was being implicated by
the military in the murder of Fr. Conrado Balweg.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 67
President of the Philippines

290. Florante Collantes was the Secretary General of Bayan Muna in Tarlac
City. He was also a labor organizer at the Bataan Export Processing
Zone. On October 15, 2005 at around 11 am, unidentified men shot him in
front of his home in Barangay Tuec, Camiling, Tarlac. According to
witnesses, Collantes was attending to household chores when motorcycle
riding men stopped in front of their house. Thinking that the men would buy
cigarettes from their store, Collantes attended to them. But suddenly, one
of the two men got off the motorcycle and shot Collantes killing him
instantly. The victim’s wife later described the assassin as a burly man
wearing dark jacket. According to her, three days before the incident, same
man on board his motorcycle had stopped by the store and bought
cigarettes. Prior to the incident, Colantes had been subjected to

291. Ricardo Uy, a 57 year old businessman was the Chairperson of Bayan
Muna in Sorsogon City Chapter. He was also a member of Sorsogon
Independent Media Reporters Incorporated (SIMRI).

292. On November 18, 2005, while Uy was inside his rice mill, his helper
heard five gunshots. The helper rushed to the rice mill and saw another
man inside, described as tall with long hair wearing sunglasses and a hat.
The helper saw that Uy sustained gunshot wounds. He also saw the
gunman level a gun at him and tried to shoot him but the gun had no bullet
anymore. The gunman casually walked and went back to his motorcycle
parked near the rice mill.

293. Uy was an active human rights worker and had been a constant subject
of verbal attacks by the military in their radio programs for being allegedly
a supporter of a communist legal front organization.

294. Alden Boy Ambida is the regional coordinator of Bayan Muna-Eastern

Samar and Vice-president of the Borongan Trycicle Drivers and Operators
(BTDOA). On April 9, 2005, at around 11 a.m., Ambida was driving his
tricycle with passengers when he noticed two men with XLR motorcycle
following him.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 68
President of the Philippines

295. When his passengers were getting off the tricycle, he again noticed
from his motorcycle’s mirror the two men approaching him. He then
positioned his tricycle towards the direction of the approaching motorcycle;
he saw the man on the motorcycle draw his gun with a silencer, aimed the
gun at him and fired shots at him. He managed to jump out of the driver’s
seat. He sustained one gunshot wound on the chest and another on his
side. Fortunately he survived the attack. Prior to the incident, Ambida was
warned by a family friend to be careful because military elements are after

296. In most military operations in both urban and rural areas, Bayan Muna
has been subjected to vilification campaign. Residents of the community
identified as supporters of Bayan Muna have been harassed and forcibly
asked by elements of the military to ‘clear’ their names or ‘surrender’.

297. Bayan Muna regional offices have been raided, fired at or burned down.
In Eastern Visayas, Bayan Muna office in the province of Northern Samar
was lobbed with homemade Molotov using military newsletter as wick. In
Eastern Samar, the provincial office was burned down. In Central Luzon,
the provincial office of Tarlac was also burned down. These incidents
happened in 2005.

Attacks on Civil Liberties

298. Since the 2004 elections, valid issues on Mrs. Arroyo’s legitimacy as
the duly elected President have been raised by a broad spectrum of
political forces in Philippine society. These political forces include various
multisectoral and sectoral organizations, the progressive party-list
organizations and their representatives, opposition parties and leaders,
churches and religious leaders, students, professionals, academicians and
artists, business groups and retired military officers.

299. Furthermore, the Macapagal-Arroyo administration has continued to

face serious threats of mutiny from restive military and police officers and
men questioning the involvement of some of their seniors in election fraud
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 69
President of the Philippines

in 2004 and rampant corruption in the military-police establishment. Most

significantly, President Macapagal-Arroyo’s tenuous leadership is being
challenged by the 85 million Filipino people themselves, majority of whom
according to poll surveys, want her to resign while a substantial number
want her ousted from office.

300. Facing the prospect of a mounting call for here ouster after her hasty
and dubious proclamation as President-elect, Macapagal-Arroyo clamped
down on legitimate protest actions that threatened to snowball and
reinvigorate the movement calling for her to step down from office. She
launched a desperate political offensive through a series of repressive
measures aimed at stifling dissent, suppressing all forms of legitimate
protest activities and curtailing basic freedoms of speech and assembly.

301. President Macapagal-Arroyo resorted to repressive measures such as

violent dispersal of protest rallies pursuant to the “calibrated pre-emptive
response,” “no permit, no rally policy,” Executive Order 464, Presidential
Proclamation 1017 and General Order No. 5, and a massive crackdown on
her critics and political opponents, including media, the political opposition,
civil society groups and particularly the progressive party list members of
the House of Representatives and other progressive personalities.

Violent dispersal of peaceful assemblies and mass protest actions

302. On 13 July 2004, members of Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (BAYAN

or New Patriotic Alliance) and Migrante International, an organization of
overseas Filipino workers, held a rally at Plaza Miranda, Manila to demand
the withdrawal of Filipino troops in Iraq to ensure the release of Mr. Angelo
de la Cruz, a Filipino worker held captive by an Iraqi resistance group.

303. While the program was ongoing, the police used force to prevent a
jeepney carrying demonstrators and a sound system from entering the
plaza. In the process, the police elbowed BAYAN staffer Alberto Villamor
in the face, hit him with a truncheon, handcuffed and hauled him off to the
Western Police District substation near Plaza Miranda.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 70
President of the Philippines

304. Shortly after, the police commanding officer P/Supt. Sapitula arbitrarily
revoked the agreement between the police and the demonstrators that the
rally could proceed until 7 pm, and ordered the protesters to disperse in
fifteen minutes. The protesters promptly moved out of Plaza Miranda and
regrouped on Quezon Avenue so that they could march to Liwasang
Bonifacio. The police blocked them and, with absolutely no provocation,
trained their powerful water hoses at the rallyists and charged at them,
wildly swinging their truncheons and using their shields to shove the
rallyists back.

305. Carol Araullo, Chairperson of BAYAN suffered a two-inch wound on the

head and was bloodied when she was treacherously struck from behind by
one SPO1 Levy Cardiño with his truncheon. Other policemen, many of
them in plainclothes, conducted arrests with excessive force. They seized
Renato Reyes, General Secretary of BAYAN; Glyziel Gotiangco, General
Secretary of the National Union of the Students in the Philippines; and
Edgar Faldas. Faldas, was whacked and bashed with truncheons,
punched and slapped by the police while he was being dragged the police

306. Gotianco and Villamor were brought to Police Station 3 in Sta. Cruz,
Manila where they were joined by Reyes and Faldas. They were all taken
to the Jose Medical Reyes but the diagnoses did not reflect their injuries.
At no time during their arrest and detention were they ever informed of
their rights under custodial investigation.

307. P/Supt. Sapitula ordered the filing of charges of Direct Assault, Violation
of BP 880, Violation of Section 1119 of the Revised Ordinance (RO) of the
City of Manila and Resisting Arrest against Araullo, Faldas, Reyes,
Villamor and Gotianco. In a Resolution dated 18 August 2004, the
Assistant City Prosecutor for Manila, Ms. Lolita Rodas, dismissed the
cases filed against them on the ground that the allegations of the police
constitute no probable cause.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 71
President of the Philippines

Calibrated Pre-emptive Response

308. On September 21, 2005, in the wake of the defeat of impeachment

moves and a looming upsurge of mass demonstrations calling for Mrs.
Arroyo’s resignation or removal from office, the Arroyo administration
through Executive Secretary Eduardo Ermita declared the enforcement of
the “calibrated preemptive response” rule in lieu of maximum tolerance.
The Philippine National Police (PNP) was then also instructed to strictly
implement the “no permit, no rally” policy provided for by Batas Pambansa
Blg. 880. Following this declaration, violent dispersals of even the most
benign protest actions became the order of the day. The vicinity around
the presidential palace was declared a “no rally zone” to include historic
Mendiola Bridge, the traditional venue for airing grievances against the

309. The calibrated pre-emptive response rule was immediately challenged

and defied by various groups and on October 4, 2005, the “Walk for
Democracy” in defense of civil liberties and in defiance of the CPR was
held under the auspices of the Movement of Concerned Citizens for Civil
Liberties (MCCCL). The police violently dispersed the peaceful assembly
and arrested and charged some of the participants.

310. On October 6, 2005, the multisectoral alliance BAYAN and the Gloria
Step Down Movement, an informal alliance of different organizations
calling for the resignation of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo led a
protest rally in the City of Manila to denounce the rising number of
extrajudicial killings and to reiterate their demand for Mrs. Arroyo to step
down following the electoral fraud scandal and other corruption cases.

311. More or less one hundred elements of Western Police District (WPD) -
Philippine National Police in full battle gear led by C/Supt. Pedro Bulaong
arrived. Majority of the policemen were not wearing nameplates. As the
group started to line up for the march, the leaders presented the
Endorsement from the office of the Mayor to the ground commander Supt.
Bernard Diaz.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 72
President of the Philippines

312. Without any warning, one WPD official commanded his men to disperse
the protest action. The demonstrators were then violently pushed back
with the use of metal shields and were thus forcibly dispersed. Several
protesters were hurt and illegally arrested. Criminal charges were filed
against the policemen with the Office of the Ombudsman but the office is
yet to act on their complaint.

313. On October 14, 2005, a religious procession led by three Catholic

bishops and former Vice-President Teofisto Guingona, Jr. was dispersed
using water cannons as they approached Mendiola.

314. Even the freedom of belief and religion was trampled upon when the
Presidential Security Guard (PSG) refused entry to four priests and a
handful of church-goers attending a “Mass for the Victims of Hacienda
Luisita Massacre and Political Killings” at the San Miguel Church near
Malacanang Palace on November 15, 2005.

315. In a decision promulgated on April 25, 2006, the Supreme Court

declared as unconstitutional the calibrated preemptive response (CPR)
policy of the Arroyo Administration.

Executive Order 464

316. In order to prevent the Senate and the House of Representatives from
unearthing the truth about anomalous government contracts, the fertilizer
fund scam, the Hello Garci tapes (a tape of a tapped conversation
evidently between Macapagal-Arroyo and a member of the Commission on
Elections, where the former sought and got assurance from the latter that
she can be made to appear the winner in Mindanao by a million votes) ,
electoral fraud and other scandals involving the presidency, Mrs Arroyo
issued Executive Order 464 on September 26, 2005, requiring all heads of
departments of the executive branch, all senior officials of the executive
departments, all generals, flag officers and “such other officers in the
judgment of the Chief of Staff” of the Armed Forces of the Philippines,
officers of the Philippine National Police with the rank of chief
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 73
President of the Philippines

superintendent or higher and “such other officers in the judgment of the

Chief of the PNP,” senior national security officials “in the judgment of the
National Security Adviser,” and “such other officers as may be determined
by the President” to secure the President’s prior consent before appearing
before the Senate or the House of Representatives.

317. The Executive Order is practically a gag order on government

employees or officials and a violation of the people’s right to information. It
renders inutile the oversight functions of Congress and destroys the
system of checks and balances between the legislative and executive
branches of government.

Proclamation No. 1017

318. On February 24, 2006, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declared a state of

national emergency pursuant to Proclamation No. 1017. She cited a
“tactical alliance” and “concerted and systematic conspiracy” between
elements in the political opposition, “authoritarians of the extreme left,
represented by the NDF-CPP-NPA, and the extreme right, represented by
military adventurists.” After making the finding of the alleged conspiracy
and the additional finding that their “consequences, ramifications and
collateral effects constitute a clear and present danger to the safety and
integrity of the Philippine State and of the Filipino people”, Mrs. Arroyo as
President and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines
(AFP) ordered the AFP “to maintain law and order throughout the
Philippines, prevent or suppress all forms of lawless violence as well as
any act of insurrection or rebellion and to enforce obedience to all the laws
and to all decrees, orders and regulations promulgated by me personally
or upon my direction…”

319. On the same date, Mrs. Arroyo also issued General Order No. 5
reiterating the provisions of Proclamation No. 1017 but adding the phrase
“terrorism” and directing the Philippine National Police, in addition to the
AFP, “to immediately carry out the necessary and appropriate actions to
suppress and prevent acts of terrorism and lawless violence.”
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 74
President of the Philippines

320. On February 25, 2006, Anakpawis Representative Crispin Beltran was

arrested in Del Monte City, Bulacan by an armed team of PNP-Criminal
and Investigation Group (CIDG) operatives led by a certain Police Chief
Inspector Rino Corpuz. The arrest was made without a warrant of arrest in
violation of his constitutional rights, and while the Congress was in regular
session in contravention of his parliamentary immunity. He was later
charged with inciting to sedition and rebellion and was held under custody
of the PNP for more than a year.

321. Similarly, Bayan Muna Party-List Representative Joel Virador was

illegally arrested while at the PAL Ticketing Office along Roxas St. in
Davao City on February 27, 2006. Aware that they would be subjected to
a similar illegal arrest and arbitrary detention as their colleague Crispin
Beltran, Bayan Muna Party-list Representatives Saturnino Ocampo and
Teodoro Casiño, Gabriela Party-list Representative Liza Maza and
Anakpawis Representative Rafael Mariano sought the protective custody
of the House of Representatives in the evening of February 27, 2006.
They were later joined by Rep. Joel Virador, who was allowed to leave
police custody to join his colleagues. Such protective custody was granted
by the House of Representatives. They remained in the custody of the
House until they were able to leave the Batasan Complex on May 8, 2006
without being arrested. Rebellion charges were filed against the
progressive party-list representatives, which were ordered dismissed by
the Supreme Court in 01 June 2007 for lack of probable cause. The
Supreme Court also sternly reminded the prosecutors to never allow their
office to be prostituted for political purposes.

Attacks on Communities

322. As an integral and major component of its “counter-insurgency”,

“counter-secessionist”, and now “counterterrorist” strategy, the AFP and
PNP have invariably conducted massive military operations in the
countryside, in “critical areas” identified as “rebel-infested or influenced”, or
areas controlled by the NPA, Bangsa Moro (MILF and MNLF), and the Abu
Sayyaf Group.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 75
President of the Philippines

323. Based on vintage-Vietnam US military doctrine, these counter-guerrilla

strategies hew to the basic Clear-Hold-Consolidate-Develop formula, all of
which consider and treat the majority of the civilian population as
suspected sympathizers, if not actual members of the armed guerrilla
groups. In other words, the people are the enemy. Thus, AFP and police
counterguerrilla doctrine include such “food and population control”
measures as census-taking, curfew, rationing, hamletting, “no-man’s-land”
zones, etc.; as well as civil-military operations such as holding mass
meetings, forming “volunteer civilian organizations”, and forcible
recruitment into the civilian paramilitary forces.

324. Not explicitly stated in the field manuals but clearly understood and
widely practiced by the military is the “psychological warfare” component
aimed at “winning the hearts and minds” of the people. The military
mindset and practice has always been to strike terror in the minds and fear
in the hearts of the people. As a US general infamously declared during
the Vietnam war, “grab them by the balls and their hearts and minds will
follow”. Thus, during the dark martial law years when the military reigned
supreme over civilian authority, and even after, state forces have been
wont to resort to all sorts of coercive measures and human rights
violations, including assassination of mass leaders, abduction, torture and
massacres in order to intimidate and control the civilan population. The
selective assassinations are also aimed at “dismantling the rebel political

325. The big difference now is that under the current “internal security
operations” plan codenamed “Oplan Bantay Laya” these military
operations have deliberately and consciously been brought out from the
remote and interior barrios (villages) to the town centers and even the
metropolis. The targets are no longer limited to the underground guerrilla
organizations and their rural mass base but to the legal and open
democratic organizations alleged to be ”front organizations”. While the
known leaders and members of progressive organizations tagged as “front
organizations” are marked for “neutralization”, entire communities much
closer now to the town centers than before are subjected to counter-
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 76
President of the Philippines

guerrilla military operations. Despite the absence of any formal martial rule
declaration, the civilian authority in these areas is intimidated and
supplanted by the military. The rule of law breaks down entirely. The
military commits grave human rights violations with impunity.

326. Recently, the AFP has moved into communities in Metropolitan Manila
where the progressive movement apparently has a considerable electoral
and mass base and began to undertake these coercive and repressive
population control operations.

The case of Barangay Conversion, Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija

327. Around midnight of October 8, 2006, about 50 soldiers from the 48th
Infantry battalion of the Philippine Army (PA), led by Lt. Noel Roysal and a
certain Lt. Garcia, arrived in Barangay Conversion, Pantabangan, Nueva
Ecija. Upon arrival, they immediately occupied the barangay hall and
converted it into a military detachment.

328. The following day, the soldiers ordered at gunpoint some residents to
come with them to the barangay hall for questioning. Among those who
were forcibly brought to the barangay hall were spouses Librado and
Martina Gallardo, Macera “Neneng” Villajuan, Arthuro Tarlino, Boy Pascua,
Delfin and Victor Castañeda, Dante Castro and Boy Ramos.

329. Siblings Librado Gallardo and Macera “Neneng” Villajuan were fetched
by soldiers from their respective houses for questioning at the barangay

330. Librado and Neneng were brought to two separate rooms at the second
floor of the barangay hall. Neneng was blindfolded while being
interrogated. She was asked if she was a supporter of the New People’s
Army (NPA) and if she was giving food to the NPA. She denied being a
supporter of the NPA. The soldiers then threatened to harm her family if
she refused to admit giving support to the NPA.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 77
President of the Philippines

331. On the other hand, Librado was beaten and hit with a rifle butt by the
soldiers when he denied being a member and supporter of the NPA. He
was being forced to surrender an M-16 rifle he allegedly owned. When he
denied having any gun or rifle, he was again beaten while his face was
covered with a plastic bag.

332. The interrogation and beating stopped only when both Librado and
Neneng were instructed to attend a barangay meeting at around 2 pm. The
meeting was called by barangay captain Wilfredo Riparep upon the order
of the military. It was held at the plaza or public square of the barangay.
In the meeting, the military accused the residents of supporting the New
People’s Army (NPA) and Bayan Muna, which they charged was a “front
organization” of the NPA. The soldiers warned the residents to stop
supporting the NPA. They also presented a list of alleged or suspected
NPA members or supporters, and ordered those whose names were in the
list to report to the barangay hall, clear their names and surrender their

333. Pastor Eduardo Navalta Jr. of the Methodist church in the area was one
of those tagged by the military as an NPA supporter. The meeting was
finished around 6-7 pm but Librado was instructed to stay behind. He was
allowed to go home only at around 8pm.

334. The next day, October 10, Librado was again forcibly taken from his
house by soldiers together with his wife, Martina and sister Neneng
Villajuan. The interrogation continued, forcing them to admit to the false
allegation that they were giving support to the NPA. During the
interrogation, Librado was again beaten up by the soldiers. He was
allowed to go home before lunch but was again fetched in the afternoon
and subjected to further beatings and interrogation which lasted until 9 pm.
Before leaving, the military threatened to kill him and his family the next
day if he would not surrender the armalite rifle he was accused of hiding,
the amount of P 40,000 and some documents.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 78
President of the Philippines

335. For fear that their whole family would be killed and because they could
no longer bear the mental and physical torture being inflicted on them by
the soldiers from the 48th IB, Librado and Martina committed suicide on
October 11, 2006. Their son Leo had been killed in 2001 by soldiers from
the same unit. They left behind nine children.

The case of Basilan Province ( June – September 2001)

336. On July 2001, following the failure of the Armed Forces of the
Philippines to solve the kidnapping incident in Lamitan Island by the Abu
Sayaff Group on June 2001, the Arroyo government declared Basilan in a
state of lawlessness. Through a memorandum from the Department of
Justice, the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) was ordered to arrest
even without warrant all persons suspected of being Abu Sayyaf members
and sympathizers.
337. Following this declaration there was heavy military deployment of up to
11 battalions under the command of the 103rd Infantry Brigade. The AFP
formed Task Force Comet to pursue the Abu Sayaff. Task Force Comet
consisted of Task Group Thunder headed by Col. Hermogenes Esperon
based in Isabela, Task Group Lightning headed by Col. Pedro Ramboanga
based in Tipo-Tio; and Task Group Tornado headed by Marine Col.
Renato Miranda based in Maluso.

338. On 12 July 2001, elements of the 103rd Army Brigade had already been
dispatched to different areas in Barangays Tabuk and Sunset, Isabela,
Basilan, Province. When night fell, the troops positioned themselves in the
pre-identified areas where suspected members and sympathizers of the
ASG dwell. They cordoned the houses where their targets can be found.

339. Checkpoints peppered the one and only road that connects the six
towns and one city of the province. From Isabela City to Sumisip town, a
few kilometers apart, 16 checkpoints manned by military and paramilitary
groups were set up.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 79
President of the Philippines

340. By dawn of the following day i.e., 13 July 2001, while the local residents
of the villages were still asleep, soldiers wearing masks to conceal their
faces, conducted a saturation drive and barged into the houses of the
residents and forced them to come out so the military could conduct
searches on their houses. The males were herded in one place while
informants with their faces masked, pointed out alleged ASG members and
sympathizers, who were immediately arrested, hogtied and blindfolded,
and their houses subjected to search. Despite demands by the residents
for search and arrest warrants, the soldiers did not show them any warrant.

341. Twenty-eight Isabela residents were arrested and brought to the 103rd
Brigade Headquarters in Barangay Tabiawan, which is about four (4)
kilometers away from Barangay Tabuk.

342. Inside the military camp, those arrested were subjected to tactical
interrogation. Some were physically and mentally tortured to force them to
admit complicity with the Abu Sayaf Group. They were mauled, slapped
and beaten. Afterwards, they were made to sign a document saying that
they were treated well and were not harmed.

343. Cases of kidnapping and Serious Illegal Detention were filed against
the twenty-eight civilian residents.

344. On 22 August 2001 AFP launched an operation where several villages

were bombarded in Sumisip town, causing the evacuation and
displacement of entire communities.

345. By 23 September 2001, Philippine government’s Department of Social

Welfare and Development placed the number of Basilan residents affected
by the military operations to 78, 736 individuals or 13, 421 families.

346. Brazen and extensive looting occurred in the abandoned houses of the
residents. The displacement and the destruction and looting of their
houses had caused the residents loss of their livelihood and untold
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 80
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347. Forced evacuations had also resulted in the disruption of classes

because schools were either occupied by the soldiers or used as
evacuation centers, or the school buildings had been damaged by mortar
shelling or aerial bombing during military operations. More or less 100
civilian residents were also illegally arrested.

348. Military operations had resulted also in extrajudicial killings. From June
to August 2001, ten victims of extrajudicial killings were documented; all
characterized by brutality as revealed by the perpetrators’ mutilation of the
remains, signs of heavy torture inflicted on the victims and arrogant and
blatant manner of killing. Victims were identified as: (1) Roque Hamajin, 17
years old ; (2) Jaang Pulaan, 50 years old; (3) Mr. Hamajin, husband of
Jaang Pulahan who all died on July 11, 2001 during the military operation
conducted by 32nd IBPA in Brgy. Pipil, Tipo-tipo, Basilan; (4) Ibno Mallaji,
27 years old was abducted and burned to death on September 7, 2001 by
elements of Marines and CAFGU; (5) Banadin Ujajon, 45 years old; (6)
Abdua Ujajon, 17 years old; and (7) Abubakar Ujajon, 13 years old, was
found dead a month after they were abducted by CAFGUs in their farm on
July 24, 2001; (8) Nuramum Asunum, 27 years old was arrested in a check
point at Brgy. Colonia, Lamitan and killed the day after; (9) Hadji Ahmad
Asan was killed by CAFGUS and found dead on August 27, 2001 buried
under a pile of coconut husks, his entire body was swollen from beating
and his left foot was cut off; (10) Jasan Linungan, 22 years old was shot to
death by elements of the military on June 10, 2001.

349. At present, the rest of the illegally arrested victims continue to be in

detention, they had been transferred to Camp Bagong Diwa in Bicutan,
Taguig, Metro Manila.

350. On March 14, 2005, around 7:30 a.m., about 10 prisoners planned a
protest led by Alhamser Manatad Limbong, aka Commander Kosovo in
Camp Bagong Diwa. A team composed of Gov. Hussin, Cong. Hataman,
DILG Sec. Angelo Reyes and Gen. Avelino Razon was formed to negotiate
with the group of Commander Kosovo. The protesting prisoners demanded
from the negotiators a guarantee that they be not harmed should they give
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 81
President of the Philippines

up their protest, a speedy trial of their cases, an investigation of the human

rights violations committed against them and full media coverage while
surrendering to the police. On March 15, 2005, at around 9:15 a.m., Sec.
Reyes ordered the PNP-SAF (Special Action Force) to assault the SICA
(Special Intensive Care Area) Building. The PNP-SAF indiscriminately fired
at the SICA Building, resulting in the death of 24 inmates, 11 of whom
were included in the Free 73 Basilan, and injured many inmates.

Forced evacuation of Marihatag, Caras-an and Lianga Surigao Del Sur

351. From April to May 2005, about 316 families with 2,241 individuals
evacuated from the towns of Marihatag, Caras-an, Lianga in Surigao Del
Sur province due to the military operations against MAPASU communities
(Malahutog Pakigbisog Alang sa Sumusunod or Preserving Struggle for
the Next Generation) - an organization of lumad communities in Lianga,
San Agustin, San Miguel and Marihatag, around the Andap Valley to
protect the mining operations in the area;

352. The evacuation of families began in the morning of May 7, 2005 at the
height of military operations and massive bombings, purportedly against
the New People’s Army. Strangely, however, the operations mainly
affected civilians and there were no reports of NPA casualties.

353. Farmers were physically assaulted, threatened and coerced into giving
unfounded information on the NPAs. Elderly men and women were
photographed and misrepresented as armed rebels. Minors were forced to
serve as guides, accompanying soldiers in actual combat operations.
Houses were looted and burned. Civilians were tortured and abducted in
full-view of evacuees. After being shot and denied medical attention by
soldiers, a farmer died while evacuating with his family.

354. Notably, the usual sites of military operations have been in coal-rich
Andap Valley, PICOP logging areas, Atlas gold mining areas, ARTIMCO
and SUDECOR logging concessions in Surigao del Sur. The AFP’s
Special Operations Teams have also been reportedly active in the gold-
rich Jabonga and Kitcharo municipalities of Agusan del Norte, Zapanta
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 82
President of the Philippines

Valley of Surigao del Norte, and logging concession areas in Agusan del

355. With the military operations occurring in areas located along Andap
valley, it is quite apparent that such atrocities were connected to mining
and logging interests. In the whole of CARAGA, a parallel has been
established between military deployment and the presence of logging and
mining interests.

356. Strong local people’s organizations have consistently opposed the entry
of mining companies in the area as this has been a historical source of
dislocation of their communities.

List of exhibit for the cases is attached as ANNEX “A”.




357. The illegal and impeachable acts arose out of respondent Pres. Gloria
Arroyo's involvement –directly and indirectly – in negotiations for the
Philippine Government’s contract with ZTE Corporation (ZTE), a publicly-
listed telecommunications equipment supplier in Hong Kong and China, to
put up the controversial National Broadband Network (NBN) project. The
NBN project purports to establish a nation-wide public telecommunications
infrastructure that would deliver voice, data, video, and internet services
linking all government agencies and offices.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 83
President of the Philippines

358. ZTE submitted a proposal for the establishment of the NBN to the
Commission on Information and Communications Technology (CICT).
ZTE’s proposal required a government-to-government loan between China
and the Philippines to fund the construction and implementation of the
NBN, which, when completed, will be turned over to the Department of
Transportation and Communication (DOTC) for operations and

359. Amsterdam Holdings, Inc. (AHI), a domestic corporation organized

under Philippine laws to engage in telecommunications infrastructure and
other related services, submitted a proposal that would not require any
fund appropriation or guaranty from the national government.

360. Respondent, through the DOTC, without public tender, awarded the
contract to ZTE.

361. On April 21, 2007, through the Official News Release (Release No. 5)
issued by the Presidential News Desk/Office of the Press Secretary, the
national government announced the signing of five (5) economic
agreements between the Philippines and China, including a US dollar
THOUSAND (US$329,500,000.00) supply contract for the NBN between
DOTC and ZTE, with Sec. Leandro Mendoza and Asec. Lorenzo Formoso
for DOTC and Mr. Yu Yong for ZTE as signatories. The signing was
witnessed by Mrs. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo herself. A copy of the April
21, 2007 Official News Release (Release No. 5) issued by the Presidential
News Desk/Office of the Press Secretary is attached as ANNEX “B”. 2

362. Respondent through DOTC decided to award the NBN contract to ZTE
even if the Chinese firm’s proposal presented a project cost of over
US$329 Million which the government will pay through a 15-year loan
agreement. The AHI proposal for the establishment of the NBN only
carries a tag price of US$240 Million, which will all be shouldered by the

2 A copy of the release is also available in the official website of the PND at
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 84
President of the Philippines

project private proponent.

363. On August 27, 2007, the Philippine Star carried a banner headline
reporting the signing by the Philippine Government of a US$ 1.8 Billion
loan with the China Export-Import Bank to fund the ZTE-NBN project,
among other initiatives.3 In the same issue, Star columnist Mr. Jarius
Bondoc also wrote in his column an account of the alleged “sexcapades” of
an unnamed Comelec official in China and the active hand he played in the
approval of the NBN contract.4 Copies of the two articles are attached as
ANNEXES “C” and “D” respectively.

364. The identity of the said Comelec official was revealed by Rep. Carlos
Padilla of Nueva Vizcaya in a privilege speech on August 29, 2007 before
the House of Representatives. In his speech, he named then COMELEC
Chairman Benjamin Abalos Sr. as having influenced the award of the NBN
contract by the DOTC to ZTE. Rep. Padilla also referred in his speech to
reports that Mr. Abalos went to China on numerous occasions to play golf
with ZTE officials. In these trips, ZTE paid for his expenses. A copy of
the privilege speech is attached as ANNEX “E”.

365. On September 3, 2007, a news article in the Philippine Star revealed

that Mr. Abalos tried to bribe ZTE rivals into backing out from the NBN
project. A newspaper source who was privy to the supposed bribery
attempt said that Chairman. Abalos offered US$10 Million to Jose “Joey”
Mr. De Venecia III of AHI to withdraw their proposal to undertake the NBN
project. This was supported by a news report from the Philippine Daily
Inquirer indicating that a businessman is willing to testify on the attempt by
Chairman Abalos to bribe the businessman. The businessman also
claimed that the latter even bragged to him that he is the “most powerful
man in the Philippines” whenever the election period comes around.5
Copies of the above-mentioned articles are attached as Annexes “F” and
“G” respectively.
available at
available at
available at
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 85
President of the Philippines

366. Mr. Abalos himself admitted that he and some of the ZTE officials were
golfing buddies and confirmed that ZTE top officials financed his trips to
China. He also disclosed that his daughter, Girlie, received assistance
from a ZTE official regarding her importation business. Mr. Abalos further
admitted that he was the one who introduced the ZTE officials to Finance
Secretary Margarito Teves, knowing fully well that the latter’s discretion
and functions would be indispensable in the implementation of the NBN
project.6 A copy of a news article published on the website of the Philippine
Daily Inquirer that reported these admissions by Mr. Abalos is attached as

367. For his part, Secretary Teves has confirmed reports that he was
introduced to the ZTE officials by Mr. Abalos. He also disclosed that,
sometime last year, he attended a meeting with the Respondent Gloria
Arroyo, the ZTE officials, and Secretary Mendoza of the DOTC, where they
discussed the NBN project.7 A copy of the news article published on the
website of the Philippine Daily Inquirer reporting the declaration of
Secretary Teves is attached as ANNEX “I”.

368. The Senate opened a joint inquiry in aid of legislation on allegations of

graft and corruption in the NBN contract through the Committees on
Accountability of Public Officers and Investigations (Blue Ribbon), Trade
and Commerce and National Defense and Security on what is now known
as the “ZTE-FG Broadband Scandal.” The inquiry is based on P.S. Res.
No. 129, authored by Senator Panfilo Lacson, P.S. Re. No. 136 authored
by Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago and the privilege speech entitled
“Legacy of Corruption” delivered by Sen. Lacson.

369. In that hearing, Respondents Abalos and Sec. Romulo Neri, among
other resource persons gave testimony under oath concerning the
controversy – testimony that constitute sufficient basis for holding them,
along with Respondent and her husband Mr. Mike Arroyo, liable for
violations of RA 3019, particularly Sections 3 pars. (a) and (h) and Arts.
available at:
available at:
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 86
President of the Philippines

211 and 212 of Title VII, Chapter II, Sec. 2 of the Revised Penal Code,

370. Also pertinent is the testimony of Jose “Joey” Mr. De Venecia III, outlined
in his opening statement and his affidavit submitted to the joint committee
hearings at its opening on Sept. 18, 2007 the following facts: A copy of the
opening statement and affidavit of Jose “Joey” De Venecia III are attached
as Annexes “J” and “K” respectively.

370. Sometime shortly after AHI submitted an unsolicited proposal to the

DOTC, Mr. Abalos got in touch with Mr. De Venecia III through his father,
House Speaker Jose de Venecia, Jr.

371. A meeting thereafter took place, at the Wack Wack Golf and Country
Club and this time, upon invitation by Mr. Abalos. At that meeting, Mr.
Abalos, Mr. De Venecia III, Ruben Reyes, Leo San Miguel, Jimmy Paz,
and Retired Police General Quirino dela Torre were present. In the same
meeting, Mr. Abalos told Mr. De Venecia III: “Joey, I want to do something
when I retire. I want to pursue something in the telecommunications
industry.” However, in the course of the meeting, it became apparent to
Mr. De Venecia III that Mr. Abalos supported ZTE’s proposal and not

372. Mr. Abalos subsequently offered Mr. De Venecia III TEN MILLION
UNITED STATES DOLLARS (US$10,000,000.00), in exchange for AHI’s
withdrawal from the NBN project, saying that De Venecia should give way
to Mr. Abalos’ wishes, as the NBN project would be his “last hurrah”.

373. But Mr. De Venecia III could not accede to Mr. Abalos’ demands,
inasmuch as he does not have full control of AHI, it being a firm with both
foreign and local partners. Instead, he offered Mr. Abalos a stake in AHI,
for the latter to be a Director or its Chairman. Mr. Abalos however, refused
the offer.

374. Mr. Abalos again invited Mr. De Venecia III to his office at the
COMELEC. In this particular meeting, Mr. Abalos introduced to Mr. De
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 87
President of the Philippines

Venecia III DOTC Assis. Secretary Lorenzo Formoso III with these words:
“you see, Joey is here, as my partner [in the NBN project]”.

375. Mr. De Venecia III was unwilling to withdraw from the NBN project, Mr.
Abalos tried to strike a middle ground by proposing a partnership between
AHI and ZTE instead.

376. In the latter half of December 2006, Mr. Abalos met with De Venecia III
five or six times to convince the latter to either drop the NBN project or join
the ZTE as a partner in it.

377. Thus, on December 27, 2006, Respondent, Mr. De Venecia III, and the
ZTE officials met at the Kempinski Hotel in Shenzen, China.

378. Before the meeting however, Mr. Abalos showed to Mr. De Venecia III a
copy of ZTE’s proposal for the NBN project that carried a tag price of TWO
under which the network would cover thirty percent (30%) of the country.

379. Mr. De Venecia III faxed a copy of this “Abalos Proposal” to the
technical personnel of AHI and technical country representative of ZTE in
Manila. Mr. De Venecia III then realized that the proposal was overpriced
($132,000,000.00), after noting that the value of the equipment is only One
Hundred Thirty Million Dollars ($130,000,000.00). Mr. De Venecia III told
Mr. Abalos of his reservations about the project, saying that it “simply
cannot be,” and that Mr. Abalos “cannot expect to book an asset at $262
million when its actual value is only half of that”.

380. Mr. De Venecia III thus asked that an evaluation be made of the Abalos
Proposal before meeting with ZTE officials at the Kempinski Hotel. ZTE
President Yu Yung, Director Fan Yang, and other officials, as well as
members of Mr. Abalos’s group, namely Ruben Reyes, Leo San Miguel,
General Dela Torre, and Jimmy Paz were present.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 88
President of the Philippines

381. At the meeting, Mr. Abalos introduced Mr. De Venecia III as his partner
to the ZTE officials. Mr. Abalos demanded from the Chinese the money
promised him, claiming that “the President and the Speaker” were
expecting it. Upon hearing this, Mr. De Venecia III asked to confer with
him in private. Mr. De Venecia III told Mr. Abalos that “it was highly
inappropriate and wrong to name-drop Mrs. Arroyo and his father as they
are well-respected in China, adding that Mr. Abalos’s representations to
the ZTE officials were “simply unacceptable.” De Venecia then asked Mr.
Abalos not to drag “my president and my father into this”.

382. When the meeting resumed, Mr. Abalos again asked the ZTE officials
to give him the promised money. ZTE officials however refused to accede
to his demands, declaring that they would only release the money after the
“loan documents” were finalized.

383. On hearing this, Mr. Abalos started banging his fists on the table and
shouting at the ZTE officials. He bragged about his position as the “most
powerful man in the Philippines” beginning January 15 (2007), being the
Chairman of the COMELEC, and considering that the then approaching
May 14, 2007 elections was approaching.

384. To this ZTE Director Fan Yang responded with a question – “What
about the money we already advanced, Mr. Chairman?”

385. Mr. Abalos could only stare back at the ZTE official in silence.

386. Later, the party repaired to another venue, this time, the nearby Ocean
Pearl Restaurant, where they found Chairman Ho of ZTE waiting for them.

387. Subsequently, however, Mr. Abalos, called up Mr. De Venecia III and
started hurling invectives at him. This we learn from Mr. De Venecia III’s
account of the incident:
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 89
President of the Philippines

…Chairman Abalos called me up and started

screaming[,] shouting invectives at me. He said,
“Salbahe kang bata ka. Putang ina mo, kung alam
lang ng tatay mo ang ginagawa mo, putang ina mo.”
I was bewildered where all of this was coming from,
until in the middle of his ranting, he said that “I
tapped your telephone.” I responded, “Isn’t that
illegal” He said, “gusto mo ng transcript?” and I said
I certainly would like to have a copy. Apparently, he
got angry at me because he found out from my
phone calls that I had mentioned to several AHI
personnel, as well as AHI’s partners, that we were
having difficulty with the NBN contract because he
[Mr. Abalos] wanted a $130 million dollar kickback
from the project. While this was extant from
Chairman Abalos’ foul language while we talked, I
never received a copy of the alleged transcript of the
conversation which Chairman Abalos said he would

388. In mid-March 2007, Mr. De Venecia III visited his father at the latter’s
residence, where he happened upon DOTC Secretary Leandro Mendoza.
At that time, Secretary Mendoza was soliciting the support of the House
Speaker for his son, who was running for an elective position in Batangas.
Mr. De Venecia III took it as an opportunity to inquire from Secretary
Mendoza about the AHI’s unsolicited proposal. To this Secretary Mendoza
replied: “your project, Joey, is a big problem as Chairman Abalos is so
angry at you and wants the NBN project for himself”.

389. Secretary Mendoza implored Mr. De Venecia III to patch things up with
Mr. Abalos and even offered to broker a reconciliation meeting between

390. The reconciliation meeting pushed through but ended without a meeting
of minds between the two parties.

391. Mr. De Venecia III affirmed his declarations in his affidavit before the
joint hearings and made the following additional relevant allegations:

a. Mr. Arroyo was present in the “reconciliation” meeting, a fact not

declared in his affidavit. Mr. De Venecia III believed that the Mr.
Arroyo was brought in by Mr. Abalos to bully him into agreeing to
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 90
President of the Philippines

the latter’s demands that AHI pull out of the NBN project. Mr. De
Venecia III charged that Mr. Arroyo spoke two words – “BACK OFF”
– in a threatening manner to him, and poked an index finger barely
two (2) inches away from Mr. De Venecia III’s face.

b. Mrs. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who was then with Speaker De

Venecia, Jr., met with Abalos, Sr., who was with a ZTE official at an
unnamed golf course. A newspaper account of the testimony is
attached as ANNEX “L”. 8

392. On September 20, 2007, some members of the Cabinet testified under
oath before the joint hearing. Finance Secretary Margarito Teves, DOTC
Secretary Leandro Mendoza and DOTC Asec. Lorenzo Formoso all
confirmed that they attended meetings with ZTE representatives along with
Mr. Abalos, thus belying the latter’s claims that he did not know anything
about the NBN project.

393. On September 26, 2007, Mr. Neri, as well as Mr. Abalos himself,
appeared and testified under oath at Senate hearing. It was in that
hearing where Mr. Neri admitted under oath that that Mr. Abalos offered
him as they were playing golf a bribe of TWO HUNDRED MILLION
PESOS (P200,000,000.00). According to Secretary Neri, Abalos, Sr.’s
exact words to him were: “Sec., may two hundred ka dito,” in apparent
allusion to the ZTE supply contract for the NBN project.

394. Under questioning by Senator Lacson, Mr. Neri elaborated on this

incident in the following exchange:

SEN. LACSON: May 200 ka rito. Ano ang context

noong “may 200 ka rito?” Ano iyong pinag-usapan
ninyo? Saan nanggaling iyong proposal?

MR. NERI: I guess the topic we were discussing, you

. A news report of this revelation is available a
Complainants undertake to provide the Hon. Ombudsman with certified true copies of the
transcripts of the joint committee hearings containing allegations made in pars. 49-54 as
soon as practicable.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 91
President of the Philippines


MR. NERI: Basically was NBN.

SEN. LACSON: So how did it occur to you, ano ang

dating sa inyo noon [nag-uusap] kayo ng NBN project,
may ibubulong sa inyo iyong chairman [na kalaro] ninyo
ng golf, “Sec, may 200 ka rito.” Anong pumasok sa isip
ninyo noon?
MR. NERI: I was surprised.

SEN. LACSON: You were shocked, you said.

MR. NERI: Yeah, I guess, I guess.

SEN. LACSON: Bakit kayo na-shock?

MR. NERI: Well, I [am] not used to being offered.

SEN. LACSON: In other words, at that point it was clear

to you that you were being offered money in the amount
of 200 million, kasi malaki sabi ninyo?

MR. NERI: I said no amount was put, that I guess was

given the magnitude of the project, siguro naman hindi
P200 or 200,000 so…

395. Mr. Neri subsequently confirmed what he thought to be a P200-million

bribe offer from Mr. Abalos in his later testimony under questioning by
Senator Richard Gordon [Committee Transcript, Sarmiento IX-5, Sept.
26, 2007, 8:40 p.m. p. 3-4, copy attached as ANNEX “M”].

396. Mr. Abalos in his own testimony also admitted to the following facts:

(a) that he was “close” to ZTE people. [Committee Transcript, Cdriz,

1-4, Sept. 26, 2007, 5:20 p.m., p.5, copy attached as ANNEX
“N”] ;

(b) that he was friends with ZTE officials.[Committee Transcript, PE

Gutierrez VIII-3, Sept. 26, 2007, attached as ANNEX “O”];

(c) that he “reciprocated” the generosity of ZTE officials by “hosting

them” on visits to the Philippines. [Committee Transcript, Amador
X-1, Sept. 26, 2007, as ANNEX “P” and “Q” respectively];
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 92
President of the Philippines

397. In fact, under questioning by Senator Gordon, we find him make more

SEN. GORDON: …by the way, sino ho ang nagbayad

ng biyahe n’yo pag naggo-golf kayo?

MR. ABALOS: Ako po ang nagbabayad ng fare ko.

SEN. GORDON: ‘Di ho ba sinabi n’yo noong isang

araw, [ang] nagbayad ZTE?

MR. ABALOS: Ako po ang nagbababayad ng fare ko.

Ang sinasabi ko po, ‘yong pagdating ho doon, they
return my gesture of being a host here.

SEN. GORDON: Kaya nga, nagbabayad ho sila.

[Committee Transcript, Guinhawa III-4, Sept. 26, 2007,
5:40 p.m. p. 1-2; copy attached as ANNEX R].

398. At the same hearing, Sec. Neri disclosed an even more damning
information: that he told Respondent Arroyo about the bribe offer from Mr.

399. Respondent Gloria Arroyo was informed that Chairman Benjamin

Abalos offered a bribe to Sec. Neri in exchange for the latter’s support of
the ZTE Contract but instead of putting the contract negotiations on hold
and investigating the contract for possible overprice and other
irregularities she ORDERED Sec. Neri to APPROVE the contract.

400. Worse, Respondent Arroyo even asked Sec. Neri why he did not accept
the bribe offer before ordering Sec. Neri to approve the ZTE Contract.

401. Mr. Neri refused to answer questions about Ms Arroyo’s decision on the
NBN broadband contract by invoking “executive privilege.”

402. When asked by Sen. Cayetano whether the President had said “don’t
accept, next topic” or “that’s a nice project, but why are they doing that?,”
Mr. Neri could only reply: “Beyond what I said your honor I invoke the right
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 93
President of the Philippines

of executive privilege.”9 A copy of the news article reporting on this aspect

of Mr. Neri’s testimony is attached as ANNEX “S”.

403. What is clear is that Respondent Mrs. Arroyo, despite having been told
about the alleged bribe offer made by a member of her Cabinet – no less
than the chief of the Comelec – did not do anything about it.

404. She continued to favor the ZTE’s proposal to undertake the NBN
project under highly onerous conditions. At the very least, the bribe offer
reported to her by her economic adviser should have led to an
investigation about the culpability of Mr. Abalos, and overpricing
considering that the ZTE proposal contained provisions highly
disadvantageous to the government.

405. With the bribe offer, ZTE proposal has all the tell-tale signs of an
anomalous transaction.

406. But the truth is that Respondent Mrs. Arroyo did not lift a finger to have
Mr. Abalos investigated; in fact, she even flew to China to witness the
signing of five (5) economic agreements between the Philippines and
FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND (US$329,500,000.00) supply contract for
the NBN between DOTC and ZTE.

407. Respondent Mrs. Arroyo did nothing about a bribe offer made by
Chairman Benjamin Abalos a public official to a member of her cabinet in
relation to the ZTE broadband proposal, despite her knowledge of the
same; her very own husband, Mr. Mike Arroyo siding with Chairman
Abalos and ordering De Venecia to “back off” from the ZTE project; and,
Respondent Mrs. Arroyo herself pushing for the project, as clearly

See the Philippine Daily Inquirer report on this segment of Mr. Neri’s testimony at
Complainants undertake to provide the Hon. Ombudsman with certified true copies of the
transcripts of the joint committee hearings containing allegations made in pars. 61-64 as
soon as practicable.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 94
President of the Philippines

indicated by her presence in the singing of the NBN contract between the
DOTC and the ZTE over the same anomaly of a project.

408. In fact, official records submitted to the Senate “Blue Ribbon”

Committee reveal that she authorized two Cabinet secretaries to negotiate
for the award of the NBN project to ZTE months before NEDA began its
evaluation of the project. In fact, four days before formal talks with ZTE
started, she brought the ZTE chair to Cotabato City as her special guest at
the joint Cabinet-regional Development Council meeting on July 8, 2006.

409. Respondent Mrs. Arroyo is guilty of abetting or tolerating the

commission of a crime when she did nothing despite her having been told
by Respondent Neri about a bribe offer from Respondent Abalos. Her
omission violates Art. 208 of the Revised Penal Code, which provides for a
penalty of prision correccional upon a public official who in dereliction of
his or her duties, “shall maliciously refrain from instituting prosecution or
the punishment of violators of the law or shall tolerate the commission of

410. Moreover, she also violated § 1 (a) of PD 1829, which provides that “[a]
penalty of prision correccional in its maximum period shall be imposed
upon any person who knowingly and willfully obstructs, impedes or delays
the apprehension of suspects and the investigation of criminal cases by…
(a) preventing witnesses from reporting the commission of any offense.”

411. Despite her having been told about the bribe offer, Respondent Mrs.
Arroyo obstructed the apprehension of Mr. Abalos and the investigation of
the same offense by (a) not acting on it and (b) her active support for the
ZTE proposal to undertake the NBN project, as indicated by her signing
through Sec. Mendoza on Sept. 21, 2007 of the ZTE agreement in China;
and (c) her express invocation of “executive privilege” to obstruct the
investigation of an illegal act, through her alter ego10 Sec. Romulo Neri.

This is known as the Qualified Political Agency doctrine, best explained by Justice Laurel in
this wise: “After serious reflection, we have decided to sustain the contention of the
government in this case on the broad proposition, albeit not suggested, that under the
presidential type of government which we have adopted and considering the departmental
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 95
President of the Philippines

412. Considering the above, Respondent Mrs. Arroyo is also guilty of

violation of § 3 (e) of RA 3019, for “[c]ausing any undue injury to any party,
including the Government, or giving any private party any unwarranted
benefits, advantage or preference in the discharge of his official,
administrative or judicial functions through manifest partiality, evident bad
faith, or gross inexcusable negligence.”

413. Respondent is also guilty of violating Republic Act 9184, otherwise

known as the Government Procurement Reform Act, and the Ethical
Standards Act for Public Officials, and furthermore, of Art. VII, Sec. 20 of
the Constitution which requires that loans incurred by the President must
be approved by Central Monetary Board or Central Bank.

414. She knew about the bribe offer; she knew about the onerous nature of
the ZTE proposal; she knew it was overpriced by at least TWO HUNDRED
MILLION PESOS (P200,000,000.00) which is the amount offered as a
bribe to Mr. Neri; yet in evident bad faith, or at least, gross inexcusable
negligence, she presided over the signing of a deal between her own
agents and officials of the ZTE – an act that effectively sealed her approval
of a highly anomalous deal disadvantageous to the government. The
involvement of her very own husband, Mr. Arroyo is part and parcel of the
same conspiracy to grant ZTE the NBN contract in violation of pertinent
criminal statutes and to the disadvantage of the government.

415. The foregoing acts committed by Respondents are unlawful and made

organization established and continued in force by paragraph 1, section 12, Article VII, of our
Constitution, all executive and administrative organizations are adjuncts of the
Executive Department, the heads of the various executive departments are assistants
and agents of the Chief Executive, and except in cases where the Chief Executive is
required by the Constitution or the law to act in person or the exigencies of the
situation demand that he act personally, the multifarious executive and administrative
functions of the Chief Executive are performed by and through the executive
departments, and the acts of the secretaries of such departments, performed and
promulgated in the regular course of business, are, unless disapproved or reprobated
by the Chief Executive, presumptively the acts of the Chief Executive.” Cited in the
concurring opinion of Justice Fernando in Lacson-Magallanes Co. v. Jose Pano, G.R. No. L-
27811, November 17, 1967; Justice Laurel, it should be noted, had cited Runkle vs. United
States 122 U.S.543 (1887). [emphasis supplied]. It is clear that the invocation of “executive
privilege” by Respondent Neri was never invalidated by Respondent Mrs. Arroyo. This clearly
indicates her active support of the acts of her alter ego; indeed Respondent Neri’s act was
her own act.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 96
President of the Philippines

punishable under RA 3019 as well as under the relevant provisions of the

RPC and special laws. These acts therefore constitute impeachable
offenses under the fundamental law of the land.




416. In the morning of 5 October 2007, the day the impeachment complaint
of Robert Pulido was filed, respondent, through her agent, Atty. Francis
Ver, a high ranking official of respondent’s political party KAMPI,
approached and offered Rep. Crispin Beltran of ANAKPAWIS party list,
bribe money in the amount of One Million (Php1,000,000.00) Pesos for the
purpose of endorsing a yet to be filed impeachment complaint. The
endorsement of Rep. Beltran would add a color of ‘legitimacy’ to the Pulido
complaint. Rep. Beltran rebuffed him but subsequent thereto,
respondent’s agent, Atty. Francis Ver, again approached Congressman
Beltran and increased the bribe offer to Php 2 Million Pesos.
Congressman Beltran declined the offer. Attached as ANNEX “T” is the
Sworn Statement of Rep. Crispin Beltran. Later that day, Rep. Beltran
learned that an impeachment complaint was filed by Atty. Pulido and duly
endorsed by an administration ally, Congressman Edgardo San Luis.11 The
bribe offer by respondent and her agent on an opposition congressman
and to Congressmen Rufus Rodriguez and Dan Fernandez . was
respondent’s brazen attempt to give a semblance of credibility to a 3-page
impeachment complaint and to prevent a more substantive impeachment
complaint from being filed. Respondent’s actions are clearly blatant

Philippine Star, “P2-M Bribe to Impeach GMA”, Jess Diaz, October 9, 2007.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 97
President of the Philippines

violations of the Revised Penal Code and a deliberate subversion of the

intentions of the impeachment provisions of the Constitution. Copy of
newspaper articles are attached as ANNEXES “U” and “V”.

417. Respondent, through her agents, called for an October 11 breakfast

meeting in Malacañang Palace with 190 congressmen and sought to
influence the solons to dismiss the so-called Pulido impeachment
complaint by bribing them with amounts of either TWO HUNDRED
(Php500,000.00) PESOS as disclosed by Cebu City Congressman Antonio
Cuenco who admitted receiving a “Christmas gift”13 and further disclosed
by admissions by Liberal Party members that 14 of its members have
received the amounts of Php500,000.00 from the President.14 The bribe
money was further evidenced in an ANC video footage showing several
congressmen leaving the Palace, each carrying gift bags containing the
bribe money. Copy of news articles are attached as ANNEXES “W” and

418. Rep. Bienvinido Abante also admitted receiving cash in Respondent’s

home at Malacanang, and this was confirmed by Rep. Amelita Villarosa
who admitted that the giving of large sums of cash to members of
Congress, many of whom were members of other political parties such as
LAKAS-NUCD and Liberal Party, was through the initiative of
Respondent’s political party KAMPI.

419. Not content with bribing the approximately 190 congressmen to support
the impeachment complaint, the President held another meeting in
Malacañang Palace with the officials of the Union of Local Authorities of
the Philippines (“ULAP” for brevity) and in that meeting, the respondent
and her respondents sought their assistance in supporting moves to junk
the impeachment complaint. This is evidenced by the fact that Eastern
Samar Gov. Ben Evardone, ULAP Secretary General, admitted that the
Thursday meeting discussed the impeachment complaint and agreed that

In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 98
President of the Philippines

it should be thrown out.15 That meeting ended with several governors

receiving bribe money of FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND (Php500,000.00)
PESOS as evidenced by the admissions of Pampanga Gov. Eddie Panlilio
and Bulacan Governor Joselito Mendoza. Copy of news articles are
attached as ANNEX “Y”.

420. To date, respondent and her agents are still trying to cover up the real
reason for handing out cash to members of Congress and the local
government units but Respondent dismally failed in that aim as all the
explanations were still anomalous and illegal under Philippine laws
especially since accounting procedures of the government’s auditing rules
were not followed.

421. From these acts, Respondent Gloria Arroyo, committed Bribery, Graft
and Corruption and Betrayal of Public Trust and must therefore be
impeached for the same.




422. Within a year from Respondent’s assumption of the Office of the

President in 2004, evidence and questions about the legitimacy of, and the
constitutionality and legality of her official acts in relation to, connected with
and in pursuance of her victory in the 2004 elections were exposed to the
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 99
President of the Philippines

public, such as:

a. Respondent destroyed the integrity of the electoral process:

i. The Respondent undermined the independence of the

Commission on Elections (COMELEC) by appointing as
members thereof persons of questionable integrity and
independence and conniving with said persons and the entire
COMELEC itself to rig in her favor the 2004 presidential
elections. In particular, Respondent appointed Virgilio
Garcillano as COMELEC Commissioner and interfered with
and manipulated the official election duties of the latter to
orchestrate and implement electoral fraud.17
ii. During the 2004 election period, Respondent engaged in
unlawful correspondence with Commissioner Garcillano –
caught in what is now known as the “Hello, Garci” recordings
–wherein she directed/countenanced/abetted the
commission of the following: (a) cause the delay in the
canvassing of election returns in Mindanao; (b) manipulation
of the election returns, certificates of canvas, and the
statement of votes in Sulu, Basilan, and South Upi; (c) use of
the military and police in partisan political activity favoring the
Respondent in Mindanao; (d) manipulation of the election
results to fraudulently ensure that she will lead by not less
than one million votes nationwide; (e) fraudulently pad the
votes cast in her favor and shave the votes of her opponents,
(f) the kidnapping of Rashma Hali to prevent the latter from
exposing the Respondent’s electoral fraud in Mindanao; and
(g) the delaying of the senatorial canvassing, purportedly to
synchronize the cheating with the ballot count there;18

The appointment, memoranda, vouchers and other official documents and communications
with respect to and involving the Comelec in general, and Commissioner Virgilio Garcillano in
particular, are incorporated hereto by reference and made an integral part hereof. Since
these involved official acts of constitutional bodies, this Honorable Body may take judicial
notice thereof.
The correspondences referred to during the election period are incorporated herein by
reference and made an integral part hereof. Since the correspondences are of public
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 100
President of the Philippines

iii. The ‘Hello Garci’ recording was later proven by Sgt. Vidal
Doble who testified before the Senate that the Intelligence
Service of the AFP indeed tapped the phone of
Commissioner Virgilio Garcillano and in the process recorded
the above conversation between respondent Arroyo and
Comm. Garcillano conspiring to commit the above illegal acts.
Sgt. Doble also admitted that Medy, later identified as
Respondent’s aide Asec. Remedios Poblador, offered to help
him if he will not testify against Respondent Arroyo. Sgt.
Doble also admitted that he and his family were confined in
the quarters of respondent’s trusted Chief of Staff Gen. Abu
after he exposed the Garci Tapes. This admission-against-
interest by Sgt. Vidal Doble is recorded not only by media
reports but also by the Senate and being a public document
is subject to judicial notice.

iv. During the 2004 election period, the Respondent committed

electoral frauds through (a) vote-buying, (b) fabrication
and/or tampering of ballots, election returns, and certificates
of canvass, and (c) padding and shaving of votes during the
counting and canvassing, in the provinces of Cebu,
Pampanga, Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao
(ARMM), Iloilo and Bohol provinces, among other

v. Respondent, through her agents, orchestrated the

“switching,” sometime between January and February 2005
at the House of Representatives, of ballot boxes containing
town-level tallies of votes in the 2004 elections. Through this
clandestine operation, thousands of "corrected" ERs were
smuggled into the Lower House, replacing genuine ERs in
the ballot boxes in the legislature’s custody. The “corrected”

knowledge, this body may take judicial cognizance thereof.

The ballots, election returns, certificate of votes and other official tallies of the 2004
presidential elections which are part of an election protest are incorporated herein by
reference and made an integral part hereof.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 101
President of the Philippines

ERs were needed so that the votes would correspond to the

figures in the province-wide certificates of canvass – the
documents used in the congressional canvassing – which a
group headed by former elections commissioner Virgilio
Garcillano tampered with.20

b. The Respondent used government offices, personnel, and funds

immediately before and during the 2004 election period to buy votes,
unlawfully promote her candidacy and ensure her victory;

i. Shortly before and during the 2004 election period,

Respondent unlawfully transformed Philhealth cards into
prohibited campaign materials by making said cards bear
her name and picture, and she illegally used public funds
when she issued said Philhealth cards to voters; 21

ii. On or about October 2003, the Respondent illegally used

4 to 6 billion pesos of public funds to promote her 2004
presidential candidacy. Under the guise of purported but
incongruently massive road construction and
maintenance projects from Aparri to Jolo, Respondent,
through her agents, set up throughout the Philippines
hundreds of thousands of placards and billboards bearing
Respondent’s name or face and paid hundreds of
thousands of voters who were made to wear t-shirts and
raincoats also bearing the Respondent’s face or name;22

iii. The Respondent illegally used and disbursed the 2003

and 2004 budget allocations of the deactivated Southern
Philippines Development Authority (SPDA) and of the
streamlined National Electrification Administration (NEA)

See supra note 4.
The budget and vouchers for and the official documents and communications in relation to
these expenditures are incorporated herein by reference and made an integral part hereof
and, being official acts of the executive department of the government, are matters the may
be taken judicial notice of.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 102
President of the Philippines

for her presidential campaign fund and to unlawfully

promote her 2004 presidential candidacy;23

iv. The Respondent illegally used and disbursed the road

users’ tax and the fertilizer funds for her presidential
campaign fund and to unlawfully promote her 2004
presidential candidacy;24

v. The Respondent authorized, abetted and countenanced

the malversation of the Billions of Pesos of recovered
Marcos wealth and accepted jueteng payola which she
used to bankroll her presidential campaign and to bribe
government officials to rig in her favor the results of the
2004 presidential elections.

c. When the electoral fraud and corruption committed by the

Respondent were discovered and exposed, Respondent committed
unlawful acts to conceal her criminal acts, violating the powers of
congress, repressing the freedom of speech, of the press and of
assembly, denying the people their right to access for information on
matters of public concern and countenancing massive human rights
violations – all to prevent the exposure and investigation into her
criminal acts.

i. Sgt. Vidal Doble in his testimony before the Senate on

June 7, 2007 admitted that Medy, later identified
Respondent’s aide as Asec. Remedios Poblador, offered
to help him should he not testify against the Respondent.

ii. The Respondent, through her agents, presented false or

tampered audio recordings of her unlawful conversations
with Commissioner Garcillano to the media, the public,
and the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) and falsely

See supra note 6.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 103
President of the Philippines

accused the political opposition of splicing the audio

recordings of her phone conversations with
Commissioner Garcillano;25

iii. The Respondent obstructed justice by attempting to

delay, impede, and cover up or otherwise impair the
verity, authenticity, admissibility or legibility, of evidence
in the congressional investigations, and all other present
and future criminal investigations, in the charges of
various offenses against her and other persons; and by
making, presenting, or using a false or tampered audio
recording, with knowledge of its falsity and with intent to
affect the course or outcome of the investigation of, or
official proceedings in, criminal cases; and by giving false
or fabricated information to mislead or prevent Congress
and law enforcement agencies from apprehending
perpetrators of certain crimes; or fabricating and
disseminating information to mislead or impede the
process of such investigations;26

iv. The respondent also issued patently illegal and blatantly

unconstitutional issuances to prevent investigations into
her criminal acts, to suppress freedom of the press,
freedom of expression and freedom of assembly, and to
prevent the people’s exercise of the right to petition the
government for redress of their grievances. These are: a)
Executive Order No. 464 which violates the separation of
powers and undermined the exclusive powers of
Congress to conduct inquiries in aid of legislation, as well
as the right of the people to information on matters of
public concern in that she prevented her subordinates in
the executive branch from appearing as witnesses in
The objects, documents and other pertinent data and information relative to this statement are
matters of public knowledge and/or constitute official acts of a branch of the Philippine
government that may be taken judicial notice of; they are also hereby incorporated by
reference and made an integral part hereof.
See supra note 10.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 104
President of the Philippines

congressional hearings and from providing any

documents requested in such legislative investigations; b)
Presidential Proclamation No. 1017 and ordered the
police and the military to effect warrantless searches and
seizures, arrest innocent civilians including Prof. Randy
David, without complying with constitutional and legal
standards, and in effect she violated the bill of rights; c)
the calibrated pre-emptive response policy against
political rallies and demonstrations which constitutes prior
restraint, she repressed the people’s rights of free
expression, free speech, and their right to peaceably
assemble and to petition the government for redress of

v. Respondent Mrs. Arroyo, through her subordinate Justice

Secretary Raul Gonzalez, NSA Norberto Gonzalez and
members of the AFP and the PNP ordered the illegal
arrest, detention, and prosecution of members of the
opposition such as Representatives Crispin Beltran Liza
Maza, Satur Ocampo, Joel Virador, Teodoro Casino, and
Rafael Mariano, said charges later found by the Supreme
Court to be political harassment of members of the
opposition to Respondent Mrs. Arroyo and a “prostitution”
of the executive department’s prosecuting arm and

423. In summary, Respondent Gloria Arroyo is liable for betrayal of public

trust, culpable violation of the Constitution and graft and corruption and
abused her public office as Chief Executive and Commander-in-Chief by
using her powers to violate the constitutional rights of the people and
violated her oath of office to the country to “preserve and defend its
Constitution, execute its laws and do justice to every man” and must
therefore be impeached for the said acts.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 105
President of the Philippines


424. Notwithstanding Respondent’s dubious election victory and

questionable mandate, Respondent committed illegal acts in order to hold
on to power at all cost, in the process enriching herself, her family and
allies at the expense of the government and the public. Respondent also
approved, allowed, and countenanced contracts that were manifestly and
grossly disadvantageous to the government, violative of bidding and
government contracts laws, thereby causing the government undue injury
or grave unwarranted benefits to herself and/or favored parties through
manifest partiality and/or evident bad faith.

The Fertilizer Scam

425. Respondent appointed Mr. Jocelyn Bolante as Undersecretary of

Agriculture to orchestrate and implement, as he did in fact orchestrate and
implement, on Respondent’s behest and for Respondent’s benefit, the use
of 2.806 Billion Pesos released shortly before the 2004 elections, of which
were allocated for the fertilizer fund, by, among others, overpricing the
supply and acquisition of fertilizers, granting Millions of Pesos of the funds
as allocations to highly-urbanized, non-agricultural congressional districts
and, in some instances, releasing the funds to non-existent entities,
foundations or non-government organizations;27

426. Respondent, did not ensure that Jocelyn Bolante, her undersecretary,
be made to account for such anomaly and allowed Usec. Bolante to
escape abroad. Respondent refused to implement the warrant of arrest
issued by the Philippine Senate on Usec. Bolante and in fact made sure

See supra note 10.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 106
President of the Philippines

that the fugitive Bolante is provided consular services when he fled to the
United States. It was through the initiative of the Philippine Senate that
Usec. Bolante was arrested in the United States where he now languishes
in prison pending his appeal. Respondent showed complete lack of
interest to have Usec. Bolante transferred to the Philippines on the ground
of comity, to testify on official investigations on the fertilizer scam.

427. Meanwhile, millions of landless farmers who remain poor,

Northrail Project

428. When the Philippine Senate On February 26, 2004, the Respondent,
acting through her agents, caused the Republic of the Philippines to enter
into an agreement for the construction of the North Luzon Railway Project
(Northrail), in the process obliging the government to contract a loan of
Four Hundred Million US Dollars (US$400,000,000.00) from the Export-
Import Bank of China whereby Respondent, together with and through her
agents, obtained a twenty five percent (25%) kickback out of the whole
contract price and obligated the Republic of the Philippines to agree to
terms and conditions which are grossly disadvantageous to the
government and in blatant violation of the Constitution, the Anti Graft and
Corrupt Practices Act (RA 3019), bidding statutes, government contract
laws, and other applicable statutes.28

429. Following are examples of the violations and disadvantageous terms

and conditions:

i. it is based on a grossly inflated estimate of the project cost in

the amount of US$503,000,000;

ii. it provides for an interest rate of three percent (3%) per annum
on the amount of the loan, which is much higher than the rate
on other loan packages that the Republic of the Philippines
could have availed of;

See supra note 10.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 107
President of the Philippines

iii. it provides that the Agreement will be governed by and

construed in accordance with the laws of the People’s
Republic of China, and that any suit, legal action or
proceeding arising from the Agreement may be brought before
the courts of that country;

iv. it provides that control over the proceeds of the loan is not
placed with the Republic of the Philippines but is retained by
the Export-Import Bank of China. This prevents the funds from
becoming part of the National Treasury in contravention of the
Constitution and applicable laws;

v. it was not approved with the prior concurrence of the Monetary

Board as required by the Constitution for any foreign loan,

vi. it violates Philippine laws on public bidding of government

projects and Constitutional provisions on preference to
Filipino labor and investment because the construction project
was awarded to a Chinese Corporation, China National
Machinery and Equipment Corporation (Group) (CNMEG),
without providing qualified Filipino contractors and
corporations the opportunity to bid for the Project;

Statement of Assets and Liabilities and Jose Pidal Account

430. When the Respondent filed her Statement of Assets and Liabilities and
Net worth (SALN) in February 2001, she concealed ownership of various
properties and business interests pertaining to her and her spouse, and
willfully failed to pay the taxes due on these properties and the income
derived from them, in violation of the disclosure requirements under the
code of conduct and ethical standards for public officials and employees,
applicable tax laws, and the constitutional provisions on the accountability
of public officials.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 108
President of the Philippines

431. After the Jose Pidal account of Jose Miguel T. Arroyo was exposed,
which account was claimed by Respondent’s brother-in-law, Mr. Ignacio T.
Arroyo, the Respondent failed and refused, as she continues to fail and
refuse, to cause the prosecution of Jose Pidal for tax fraud for failure to
report his income subject of the Jose Pidal account;29

The PIATCO Corruption Scandal

432. The Respondent, through her agents, solicited and demanded a total of
70 million US dollars in bribe money from German airport operator Fraport
AG as an obligatory condition for her support for the operation of the Ninoy
Aquino International Airport Terminal III (NAIA III) by the Philippine
International Air Terminals, Co. (PIATCO). Submissions of Fraport AG’s
lawyers to the ICSID incidate that the money was to be allocated
according to this schedule: 20 million US dollars to buy out the Cheng
family and 50 million US dollars to deal with the Supreme Court, as well
as to pay for legal consultancy fees.

433. Upon the Respondent’s assumption to the Presidency in 2001, she

restored and allowed the proliferation of jueteng nationwide, and appointed
law enforcement officials who acted as conduits in the payment to her of
jueteng payola. Respondent received monthly jueteng payola amounting
to at least ONE MILLION PESOS (PhP 1,000,000.00) per region through
her spouse/Congressman-son/brother-in-law. The Respondent used
jueteng proceeds to bankroll her 2004 presidential campaign, to finance
massive electoral fraud, and to bribe government officials;30


Respondent Gloria-Macapagal Arroyo committed culpable violations of the

Constitution, Betrayal of Public trust and other High Crimes by implicitly and
explicitly conspiring, directing, abetting, tolerating human rights violations in the

See supra note 10.
See supra note 10.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 109
President of the Philippines

form of, inter alia, extrajudicial killings, enforced disappearances, tortures, and
massacres; and also committed other violations of the people’s constitutional
rights, through Proclamation 1017, Calibrated Preemptive Response Policy, and
EO 464.

Respondent Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, by her involvement in the ZTE

broadband contract and her complicity in the bribe-giving in Malacanang,
committed acts that constitute graft and corruption, bribery and betrayal of public
trust, which are impeachable offenses. These acts are, specifically, prohibited
acts enumerated under the Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act and other laws in
force at the time of the adoption of the Constitution.31

Respondent Arroyo clearly committed other offenses including electoral

fraud and other acts of graft and corruption which constitute culpable violations of
the Constitution, bribery, graft and corruption, and betrayal of public trust.

By her conduct, Respondent Mrs. Arroyo warrants impeachment and trial,

and removal from office and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor,
trust or profit under the Republic of the Philippines;

The President of the Philippines, herein Respondent Mrs. Arroyo, by such

acts has failed to live up to the constitutional yardstick that ‘public office is a
public trust’ and must therefore be subjected to the constitutional mechanism that
dictates that “public officers must be accountable at all times”. The crimes she
committed render her unfit for public office and subject to the impeachment
power of Congress.32

Cruz, supra at 356.

Section 2, Article XI of the 1987 Constitution. The President, the Vice-President, the
members of the Supreme Court, the Members of the Constitutional Commissions, and the
Ombudsman may be removed from office, on impeachment for, and conviction of, culpable
violation of the Constitution, treason, bribery, graft and corruption, other high crimes, or betrayal
of public trust. All other public officers and employees may be removed from office as provided
by law, but not impeachment.
In Re Impeachment of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 110
President of the Philippines

WHEREFORE, premises considered, Complainants respectfully pray for

the Respondent’s impeachment and impeachment trial, removal from the Office
of the President of the Republic of the Philippines, and disqualification to hold
and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the Republic of the Philippines.

Respectfully submitted, 10 November 2007.


Counsel for Complainants
4/F KAIJA Bldg., 7836 Makati Ave.
corner Valdez St., Makati City 1210


IBP No. 702032; 1-11-07; Makati
PTR No. 0561718; 4-24-07; Makati
Roll No. 13366


IBP No. 702034; 1-11-07; Makati IBP No. 702036; 1-11-07; Q.C.
PTR No. 0308034; 1-11-07; Makati PTR No. 8501340; 1-11-07; Q.C.
Roll No. 39818 Roll No. 50389


IBP No. 719694; 5-7-07; Northern Samar IBP No. ________;
PTR No. 0636415; 5-24-07; Makati PTR No. _______;
Roll No. 50203 Roll No. ________



PTR NO. 8715550 A; 2/20/07; Q.C.
IBP NO. 686230; 2/20/07; QC
Roll No. 43060
3 Floor Erythrina Building,
No. 1 Matatag cor. Maaralin Sts.
Central District, Quezon City