22 views

Uploaded by Raghav Daga

.

- How to Determine Whether a Number is Prime or Composite 10-24-07
- Remainder Theorem
- definition of prime numbers
- unit 1 notebook
- Solutions 2011
- Assign3 Sol
- unit 1 notebook
- About Ramanujam
- What is Good Mathematics
- formulae for aptitude
- Binary Division by a Constant
- Integer Factorization
- Essays on Number Theory 2
- Problem Solving_Locker Problem (Wicky)
- 10-24 Lesson Plans
- Module 1.1_B1B2_Rev 00(Full Permission)
- College-geom
- 3rd GradeMathCRCTStudyGuide2010
- Basic Maths
- Lesson 4.1 - Prime Factorization

You are on page 1of 4

UNIT : 01 QUESTIONS :2

UNIT NAME : REAL NUMBER

CLASS : X

CONTENTS : INTRODUCTION

EUCLIDS DIVISION LEMMA

EUCLIDS DIVISION ALGORITHM

THE FUNDAMENTAL THEOREM OF MATHEMATICS

RELATION BETWEEN HCF AND LCM OF TWO POSITIVE INTEGERS a AND b.

IRRATIONAL NUMBERS

REVISITING RATIONAL NUMBERS AND THEIR DECIMAL EXPANSION

ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS

1)INTRODUCTION :

CLASSIFICATION OF NUMBERS :-

NUMBERS

REAL IMAGINARY

RATIONAL IRRATIONAL

Page 1 of 4

CLASSIFICATION OF NUMBERS ON BASIS OF DECIMALS :-

DECIMAL NUMBERS

TERMINATING NON-TERMINATING

(0.36) (4.36248695..)

RECURRING NON-RECURRING

(REPEATING) (NON- REPEATING)

(0.888.) (0.4231597..)

LEMMA :-A Lemma is a proven statement used for proving another statement.

ALGORITHM :- An algorithm is a series of well defined steps which gives a procedure for solving a type of

Problem.

2) EUCLIDS DIVISION LEMMA :-For any two positive integers a and b, there exist unique integers q and r

Satisfying-

a=bq + r ; 0r<b.

where a = dividend

b = divisor

q = quotient

r = remainder

3) EUCLIDS DIVISION ALGORITHM :- To obtain the HCF of two positive integers c and d, with c>d,

Follow the steps below-

(i) Apply Euclids division lemma to c and d, such that c=dq + r, 0r<d.

(ii) if r=0 then d is the HCF of c and d. if r0, apply the division lemma to d and r.

(iii) Continue the process till the remainder is zero. The divisor at this stage will be the required HCF.

Example 1 : use Euclids division algorithm to find the HCF of 135 and 225.

Solution:- 225>135, we apply the division lemma to 135 and225.

225=135x1 + 90, 900

We apply the division lemma to 135 and 90.

135=90x1 + 45. 450

Again, we apply the division lemma to 90 and 45.

90=45x 2 + 0, now r=0

45 is HCF of 135 and 225.

Page 2 of 4

4) THE FUNDAMENTAL THEOREM OF ARITHMETIC :-Every composite number can be expressed as

a product of primes and this factorization is

unique, apart from the order in which the prime factors occur.

i.e. Composite number= product of primes

Or

Any integer greater than 1 either a prime number, or can be written as a unique product of prime numbers.

Solution :-

156

2 78

2 39

3 13

156=2x2x3x13

=22x3x13.

5) RELATION BETWEEN LCM AND HCF OF TWO POSITIVE INTEGERS a & b :- If a and b are two

Positive integers, then

Relation between LCM and HCF of them-

LCM(a,b) x HCF(a,b) =a x b.

6) IRRATIONAL NUMBERS :-

Irrational numbers : A number s is called irrational if it cannot be expressed in the form , where p and q

are integers and q0.

eg: 2,15, , 0.101100111000

theorem 1 : let p be a prime number. If p divides a2, then p divides a, where a is a positive integer.

Proof : let 5 be a rational number. Then 5 can expressed in the form

5= ..(i)

Squaring both sides, we get

2

5=2 p2=5q2(ii)

5 divides p2 5 divides p..(iii)

Now p=5m p2=25m2 ..(iv)

Putting the value of p2 in eqn (ii)

Page 3 of 4

we get,

25m2=5q2 5m2=q2

5 divides q2 5 divides q..(v)

Thus, from eqn(iii), 5 divides p and from eqn (v) 5 also divides q. it means 5 is a common factor of p and q.

This contradicts the supposition so there is no common factor of p and q.

Hence, 5 is an irrational number.

Number whose decimal

Expansion terminates, then x can be expressed in the form , where p and q are co prime and the prime

Factorization of q is of the form 2m5n,where m and n are non- negative integers.

let x= be a rational number, such that the prime factorization of q is not of the form 2m5n. then x has

Non- terminating recurring decimal expansion.

8) ADDITIONAL QUESTION :-

Q.1 Find HCF of 48 and 105. [SAMPLE PAPER RBSE,12]

17

Q.2 Write terminating decimal expansion of 8 without long division. [RBSE,12]

Q.3 What is Euclids division lemma. Find HCF of 196 and 3820 by using it. [RBSE,12]

Q.4 Complete the missing entries in the following factor tree. [CBSE,08]

7

Q.5 If is a rational number (q0), what is the condition on q so that the decimal representation of is

Terminating? [CBSE,08]

43

Q.6The decimal expansion of the rational number 24 .53 will terminate after how many places of decimals?

[CBSE,09]

Q.7 If HCF of 65 and 117 is expressible in the form of 65m- 117,then find the value of m.[CBSE,2010]

Q.8 Prove that 3+2 is an irrational number. [CBSE,09]

Q.9 Prove that 5 is irrational. [CBSE,09,10]

Q.10 Show that n2-1 is divisible by 8, if n is an odd positive number.[CBSE,10]

Q.11 Show that the square of any positive integer is of the form 4q or 4q+1 for some integer.[CBSE,10]

Q.12Check whether 6n can end with the digit 0 for any natural number n.[CBSE,10]

Q.13 Prove that(3+52) is an irrational number.[CBSE,09]

Page 4 of 4

- How to Determine Whether a Number is Prime or Composite 10-24-07Uploaded byshunjike7
- Remainder TheoremUploaded bydudelove121
- definition of prime numbersUploaded byapi-288278295
- unit 1 notebookUploaded byapi-256719324
- Solutions 2011Uploaded byHoàng Long
- Assign3 SolUploaded byVinod Gour
- unit 1 notebookUploaded byapi-256798980
- About RamanujamUploaded byPRAVEEN RAJ
- What is Good MathematicsUploaded byChung Chee Yuen
- formulae for aptitudeUploaded byalex
- Binary Division by a ConstantUploaded byJeff Tromp
- Integer FactorizationUploaded byGeorgios Lagios
- Essays on Number Theory 2Uploaded byagonza70
- Problem Solving_Locker Problem (Wicky)Uploaded byEdwin Tan Pei Ming
- 10-24 Lesson PlansUploaded byshantee82
- Module 1.1_B1B2_Rev 00(Full Permission)Uploaded byAhsan Malik
- College-geomUploaded byJosef Breuer
- 3rd GradeMathCRCTStudyGuide2010Uploaded byTracy Remy
- Basic MathsUploaded byBonny
- Lesson 4.1 - Prime FactorizationUploaded byehystad
- 3 Math Complete BlmUploaded byaaone
- primexUploaded byabasak
- Math FestUploaded byRamchandran Muthukumar
- Algebra- COMP XUploaded bycamiloeric
- Maths Symbols BY KRISHNA SIRUploaded bybvpmvij
- Ch01_number.pdfUploaded byHumayun Rashid Khan
- Year 3 Yearly Plan1Uploaded byAnonymous 3yV35f
- Python lecture on BasicsUploaded byM Idrees
- 4 – Math Comic Strip DUE 22 November 2013Uploaded bystocks301
- Math VocabularyUploaded byDiego Guancha

- BOLT! Mobile WiFi MF90 Update Tool v2.0 Manual Instruction for Mac.pdfUploaded byburhan
- Latin Mass BookletUploaded byShower of Roses
- The 1972 Santa Cruz Teacher TrainingUploaded byFUMETA
- French Literature Since 1950Uploaded byAlina Judea
- Quando Um Pastor Não é QualificadoUploaded byAnjoVision I
- Understanding Solar Food Dryers 27pagesUploaded byglen_
- GA-Fluxi-2000-TZ-InstructionManual-652-099-2025_TZ_09-10-2014Uploaded byMuhammad Darussalam Herdani
- Critical Thinking and the University-1edUploaded byJamal Ajamhs Abdullahi
- OD Nitrox Workshop Student Workbook V00bhUploaded byRockley Lock Safe
- Workflow, Document & Business Process ManagementUploaded bysumnataraj
- Benchmarking Basel II Risk ParametersUploaded byCarlos Antonio Nogueira
- The Final Catholic PopeUploaded byKevin Farringdon
- Jewish-Girls-Coming-of-Age-in-America-1860-1920.pdfUploaded bymarkopollock
- signatureassignmentUploaded byapi-317403102
- GM Business Connect MagazineUploaded byBeth
- zimmer-traction-handbook.pdfUploaded byHimal Khanal
- Foster. 1992. Dancing bodies.pdfUploaded byjoaquimcoelhos
- 09GUploaded byAaron Brandt
- Laptop Training Shri Ram Syllbus (1)Uploaded byAnthony Lobo
- Electro Chemistry AssaignmentUploaded byGadde Gopala Krishna
- NCERT Class 7 HistoryUploaded byAshish Kumar
- ds_da_t_en_ma_20171107_heUploaded byX'mix Đreamer
- Mission CommandUploaded byLimau Nipis
- The Architect of Modern MaharashtraUploaded byShobhit Sahay
- SONY WM-D6CUploaded bylpy21
- Abstract PptUploaded bySai Ragini Ramachandran
- 2nd Year GrammarUploaded bykhadidja bnh
- seminar kelly bushingUploaded bycrown212
- Dairy DevelopmentUploaded byBozdar Shoaib
- gdbUploaded bydariogss