TABLE OF CONTENTS

..........................................................................................................................................2 System description...........................................................................................................2 Benefits........................................................................................................................2 Nutrient limited BAS.......................................................................................................4 HYBAS our IFAS process ..................................................................................................4 Special attributes..............................................................................................................5

MBBR WASTEWATER TREATMEN Introduction
When communities of microorganisms grow on surfaces, they are called biofilms. Microorganisms in a biofilm wastewater treatment process are more elastic to process disturbances compared to other types of biological treatment processes. Thus, biofilm wastewater treatment technologies can be considerably more robust especially when compared to conventional technologies like activated sludge. The very first biofilm process, the trickling filter, was invented towards the end of the 19th century. The trickling filter can be reliable and stable but does suffer from one serious drawback; it easily becomes clogged and septic even under moderate loading conditions. In the MBBR biofilm technology the biofilm grows protected within engineered plastic carriers, which are carefully designed with high internal surface area. These biofilm carriers are suspended and thoroughly mixed throughout the water phase. With this technology it is possible to handle extremely high loading conditions without any problems of clogging, and treat industrial and municipal wastewater on a relatively small footprint.

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An aeration grid located at the bottom of the reactor supplies oxygen to the biofilm along with the mixing energy required to keep the biocarriers suspended and completely mix within the reactor. degrade the pollutants. grids. as a combined IFAS hybrid stage (HYBAS) and as final a polishing step System description The MBBR biofilm technology is based on specially designed plastic biofilm carriers or biocarriers that are suspended and in continuous movement within a tank or reactor of specified volume. the reactors are may be equipped with special spray nozzles that prevent excessive foam formation Benefits • • • • • • • • • • Highly compact upgrade solutions Increased operational stability through capacity to absorb sudden peak loadings Low energy consumption Negligible headloss Virtually maintenance free . It can be an excellent solution as a stand-alone process. which retains the MBBR biocarriers in the reactor.The MBBR biofilm technology is efficient. The industrial and municipal wastewater is lead to the MBBR Treatment reactor where biofilm. The design of associated aerators. Excess biofilm sloughs off the biocarrier in a natural way. growing within the internal structures of the biocarriers. or it can be used to specifically enhance or upgrade treatment potential of activated sludge processes. Treated water flows from reactor through a grid or a sieve. a Moving Bed biofilm reactor. The biocarrier design is critical due to requirements for good mass transfer of substrate and oxygen to the microorganisms and there is a continuous R&D in the area of the MBBR biofilm technology. sieves. compact and easy to operate. spray nozzles and other integral parts to the reactor is also of great importance in making up the system as a whole. Depending on the wastewater.self-cleaning technology Eliminates the need for solids separation and RAS for performance Robust biofilm Flexible reactor design Easy upgrade of existing plants Easy to operate and control 2 . The MBBR biofilm technology can be used as a preliminary treatment stage (BAS). These pollutants that need to be removed in order to treat the wastewater are food or substrate for growth of the biofilm.

This reduces blower power. this plant can operate on intermittent flow. can be run at full or half capacity or modules can be added to enhance its capacity.• • No sludge return needed in most applications Low load on particle separation stage The advantages of MBBR are that it occupies lower area and lower power consumption vis-à-vis activated sludge or extended aeration plant. BioCarriers  MBBR activated sludge  BAS  LSP  Hybas Small treatment plants Nitrogen reduction Phosphorous reduction Industrial BioKidney Fungal processes thermophilic processes anaerobic treatment Lagoon Guard Microscopy Chemical analyses Biodegradation tests Inhibition bioassays BAS (Biofilm Activated sludge) BAS is a biological treatment process that combines the very best from activated sludge and Moving Bed biofilm technologies. This pretreatment 3 . This enables you to utilize the full pumping capacity of selected pump OR selecting a higher capacity of pump with lesser operational hours without worrying about operational efficiency of the STP (sewage treatment plant). The initial MBBR biofilm unit process shaves the loadings peaks and any toxic inhibition effects while removing 50 to 70 percent of the incoming BOD. Lower detention times also result in lower basin construction costs. The result is consistently high and reliable treatment efficiency of any type of industrial wastewater. Also. This is because the aeration tank detention time is about 4 hours of average flow. Other advantages are that it can be fully covered at top and being modular in construction. Careful design of process stages yields an optimal activated sludge stage and a MBBR biofilm stage that is robust towards peak and shock contaminant loading conditions.

These polysaccharides are in turn used to produce biomass in the activated sludge stage. The HYBAS process is especially suitable for nitrogen removal with municipal wastewater but can also be used for some industrial applications. the COD in the wastewater is converted to polysaccharides. In the biofilm stage. Nutrient limited BAS The nutrient limited BAS process is a refined BAS strategy to significantly decrease waste sludge production in cases where nutrients must be added to the wastewater. The floc forming bacteria consume the remaining degradable COD and the protozoa feed on the free-living bacteria coming from the first stage. 4 . HYBAS our IFAS process HYBAS process combines the Moving Bed biofilm technology and activated sludge in the same tank. The Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR) stage is optimized to remove as much of the COD as possible. If already existing tanks at a given site can be retrofitted. Reduced growth means a decreased amount of waste sludge produced and that translates into operations savings. Filling one tank with MBBR biocarriers creates the BAS pretreatment stage that relieves the overloaded activated sludge process.achieves 2 to 3 times increased capacity compared to a traditional activated sludge process while also being more compact. These dispersed bacteria will remove most of the biodegradable COD in the wastewater. Furthermore. LSP (Low Sludge Production) The LSP technology is based on a two-stage process where in the first stage mainly freeliving bacteria are promoted to grow. Reduction of BOD and denitrification is handled by the activated sludge whereas nitrification becomes the primary job in the biofilm on the MBBR biofilm carriers. a simple BAS process upgrade to a faltering activated sludge process can be readily accomplished. The second activated sludge stage favors the growth of floc forming bacteria and large quantities of protozoa. The advantage for the nitrification process in this advanced wastewater treatment process comes in the selective control of solids retention time and the creation of multiple environments for enrichment of bacteria that specialize in different aspects of the treatment. consequently. The outcome is a prolonged food chain and. a lower overall amount of waste sludge produced. The polysaccharide production and consumption cost the bacteria a lot of energy and this expense limits their growth. the BAS-process improves activated sludge characteristics making the activated sludge stage more inherently stable with a waste sludge that is easier to dewater.

Special attributes The HYBAS wastewater treatment process comes with a number of special inherent attributes embodied in the biofilm concept and the design: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Small tank volumes it occupies lower area and lower power consumption vis-à-vis activated sludge Increased sludge age improves the nitrification process Reduced risk for bulking problems caused by filamentous organisms (improved sludge characteristics) A protected specialized environment for the nitrifies Less temperature dependency Easy to handle the complete process Low sludge formation High efficiency in almost half operation time Overall small volume is required Less temperature reliance Latest technology High nitrification and denitrification Environment responsive No odor from whole plant in the entire process 5 .

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