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You are on page 1of 39

The additional design aids in this PDF document form part of the Concrete Design Handbook 4th

Edition and are the exclusive property of the Cement Association of Canada. They must not be

reproduced in any form without the written permission of the Cement Association of Canada.

Pages of this document were numbered sequentially with the Handbook chapter material to which

they pertain, such that a user may print these design aids and add them to the hard cover book should

they choose to do so.

This document has been prepared by the Cement Association of Canada (CAC) to aid in the design of

reinforced concrete building structures. It has been the intent of the CAC to present this information

in a manner which will serve as an extension to the CSA Group standard A23.3-14, Design of concrete

structures, and the other documents referenced herein. While every attempt has been made to present

information that is factual and in a useable format, none of the references to the CSA Group standard or

the National Building Code of Canada should be construed as an endorsement of the material appearing

in the Handbook by the agencies responsible for the referenced material.

This publication is intended SOLELY for the use of PROFESSIONAL PERSONNEL who are competent

to evaluate the significance and limitations of the information provided herein, and who will accept

total responsibility for the application of this information. The authors and the Cement Association of

Canada disclaim any and all RESPONSIBILITY and LIABILITY for the application of the stated principles

and for the accuracy of any of the material contained in this publication to the full extent permitted by

law.

Chapter 7: Additional Design Aids

First printing August 2016

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 725

Table 7.10.1 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

t = 6%, k = 1110

= 0.60

25 t = 5%, k = 987

= 25 MPa

t = 4%, k = 865

20 t = 3%, k = 742

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 620

15

t = 1%, k = 497

7

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

fs /fy = 1.0

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5

Short Columns

fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.10.2 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

25 t = 5%, k = 1208

= 25 MPa

t = 4%, k = 1042

20 t = 3%, k = 875

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 708

15

t = 1%, k = 542

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

726 Short Columns

Table 7.10.3 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

t = 6%, k = 1681

= 0.80

25 t = 5%, k = 1463

= 25 MPa

t = 4%, k = 1246

20 t = 3%, k = 1028

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 810

15

t = 1%, k = 593

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.10.4 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

t = 6%, k = 2028

= 0.90

25 t = 5%, k = 1753

= 25 MPa

t = 4%, k = 1477

20 t = 3%, k = 1202

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 926

15

t = 1%, k = 651

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 727

Table 7.10.5 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

t = 6%, k = 1145

25

t = 4%, k = 901

= 30 MPa

t = 3%, k = 778

20

t = 2%, k = 656

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 533

15

7

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d) fs /fy = 1.0

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+ d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.10.6 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

t = 6%, k = 1411

25

t = 4%, k = 1077

= 30 MPa

t = 3%, k = 911

20

t = 2%, k = 744

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 577

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

728 Short Columns

Table 7.10.7 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

t = 6%, k = 1717

25

t = 4%, k = 1282

= 30 MPa

t = 3%, k = 1064

20

t = 2%, k = 846

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 623

15

fs /fy = 1.0

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.10.8 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

t = 6%, k = 2064

25

t = 4%, k = 1513 = 30 MPa

t = 3%, k = 1237

20

t = 2%, k = 962

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 686

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 729

Table 7.10.9 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

t = 5%, k = 1056

25

t = 3%, k = 811 = 35 MPa

t = 2%, k = 689

20

t = 1%, k = 566

Pr /Ag MPa

15

7

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.10.10 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

t = 5%, k = 1277

= 0.70

t = 4%, k = 1110

25

t = 3%, k = 944 = 35 MPa

t = 2%, k = 777

20

t = 1%, k =610

Pr /Ag MPa

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

730 Short Columns

Table 7.10.11 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

t = 5%, k = 1532

25

t = 3%, k = 1097 = 35 MPa

t = 2%, k = 879

20

t = 1%, k = 661

Pr /Ag MPa

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.10.12 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

30

t = 5%, k = 1821

= 0.90

t = 4%, k = 1546

25

t = 3%, k = 1270 = 35 MPa

t = 2%, k = 995

20

t = 1%, k = 719

Pr /Ag MPa

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 731

Table 7.10.13 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

35

t = 6%, k = 1209

t = 5%, k = 1087 = 0.60

30

t = 4%, k = 964

= 40 MPa

25 t = 3%, k = 842

t = 2%, k = 719

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 597

15

7

fs /fy = 1.0

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.10.14 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

35

t = 6%, k = 1474

t = 5%, k = 1308

= 0.70

30

t = 4%, k = 1141 = 40 MPa

25 t = 3%, k = 974

t = 2%, k = 808

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 641

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

732 Short Columns

Table 7.10.15 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

35

t = 6%, k = 1780

t = 5%, k = 1563 = 0.80

30

t = 4%, k = 1345

= 40 MPa

25 t = 3%, k = 1127

t = 2%, k = 910

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 692

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.10.16 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

35

t = 6%, k = 2127

= 0.90

30 t = 5%, k = 1852

t = 4%, k = 1576

= 40 MPa

25 t = 3%, k = 1301

t = 2%, k = 1025

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 750

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 733

Table 7.10.17 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

35

t = 5%, k = 1115

= 0.60

30 t = 4%, k = 993

t = 3%, k = 870 = 45 MPa

25 t = 2%, k = 748

t = 1%, k = 626

Pr /Ag MPa

20

15

fs /fy = 1.0

7

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.10.18 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

35

t = 5%, k = 1336

= 0.70

30 t = 4%, k = 1170

t = 3%, k = 1003 = 45 MPa

25 t = 2%, k = 836

t = 1%, k = 670

Pr /Ag MPa

20

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

734 Short Columns

Table 7.10.19 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

35

t = 5%, k = 1592

= 0.80

30 t = 4%, k = 1374

t = 3%, k = 1156 = 45 MPa

25 t = 2%, k = 938

t = 1%, k = 721

Pr /Ag MPa

20

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.10.20 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars on all Faces

35

t = 5%, k = 1881

= 0.90

30 t = 4%, k = 1605

t = 3%, k = 1330 = 45 MPa

25 t = 2%, k = 1054

t = 1%, k = 779

Pr /Ag MPa

20

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 735

30

t = 6%, k = 1125 b

= 0.50

25 t = 5%, k = 1000

h

= 25 MPa

t = 4%, k = 875 h

20 t = 3%, k = 750

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 625

15

t = 1%, k = 500

7

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

30

t = 6%, k = 1455 = 0.60 b

25 t = 5%, k = 1275

= 25 MPa h

t = 4%, k = 1095 h

20 t = 3%, k = 915

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 735

15

t = 1%, k = 555

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

736 Short Columns

30

t = 6%, k = 1845 b

= 0.70

25 t = 5%, k = 1600

h

= 25 MPa

t = 4%, k = 1355 h

20 t = 3%, k = 1110

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 865

15

t = 1%, k = 620

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

30

t = 6%, k = 2295 = 0.80 b

25 t = 5%, k = 1975

= 25 MPa h

t = 4%, k = 1655 h

20 t = 3%, k = 1335

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 1015

15

t = 1%, k = 695

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 737

30

t = 6%, k = 1161

b

t = 5%, k = 1036 = 0.50

25

t = 4%, k = 911 h

= 30 MPa

h

t = 3%, k = 786

20

t = 2%, k = 661

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 536

15

7

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

30

t = 6%, k = 1491

= 0.60 b

t = 5%, k = 1311

25

t = 4%, k = 1131 = 30 MPa h

h

t = 3%, k = 951

20

t = 2%, k = 771

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 591

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

738 Short Columns

30

t = 6%, k = 1881

b

t = 5%, k = 1636 = 0.70

25

t = 4%, k = 1391 h

= 30 MPa

h

t = 3%, k = 1146

20

t = 2%, k = 901

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 656

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

30

t = 6%, k = 2331

25

t = 4%, k = 1691 = 30 MPa h

h

t = 3%, k = 1371

20

t = 2%, k = 1051

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 731

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 739

35

t = 7%, k = 1319

t = 6%, k = 1194 b

= 0.50

30

t = 5%, k = 1069

h

= 35 MPa

t = 4%, k = 944

25 h

t = 3%, k = 819

t = 2%, k = 694

Pr /Ag MPa

20

t = 1%, k = 569

15

7

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

35

t = 7%, k = 1704

t = 6%, k = 1524 = 0.60 b

30

t = 5%, k = 1344

= 35 MPa h

t = 4%, k = 1164

25 h

t = 3%, k = 984

t = 2%, k = 804

Pr /Ag MPa

20

t = 1%, k = 624

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

740 Short Columns

35

t = 7%, k = 2159

t = 6%, k = 1914 b

= 0.70

30

t = 5%, k = 1669

h

= 35 MPa

t = 4%, k = 1424

25 h

t = 3%, k = 1179

t = 2%, k = 934

Pr /Ag MPa

20

t = 1%, k = 689

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

35

t = 7%, k = 2684

t = 6%, k = 2364 = 0.80 b

30

t = 5%, k = 2044

= 35 MPa h

t = 4%, k = 1724 h

25

t = 3%, k = 1404

t = 2%, k = 1084

Pr /Ag MPa

20

t = 1%, k = 764

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 741

35

t = 6%, k = 1224

b

t = 5%, k = 1099 = 0.50

30

t = 4%, k = 974 h

= 40 MPa

25 t = 3%, k = 849 h

t = 2%, k = 724

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 599

15

7

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

35

t = 6%, k = 1554

= 0.60 b

30 t = 5%, k = 1374

25 t = 3%, k = 1014 h

t = 2%, k = 834

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 654

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

742 Short Columns

35

t = 6%, k = 1944

b

t = 5%, k = 1699 = 0.70

30

t = 4%, k = 1454 h

= 40 MPa

25 t = 3%, k = 1209 h

t = 2%, k = 964

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 719

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

35

t = 6%, k = 2394

= 0.80 b

30 t = 5%, k = 2074

25 t = 3%, k = 1434 h

t = 2%, k = 1114

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 794

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 743

40

t = 7%, k = 1378

b

35 t = 6%, k = 1253 = 0.50

t = 5%, k = 1128

= 45 MPa h

30 t = 4%, k = 1003

h

t = 3%, k = 878

25 t = 2%, k = 753

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 628

20

15 7

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

10 EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

5 s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

40

t = 7%, k = 1763

= 0.60 b

35 t = 6%, k = 1583

t = 5%, k = 1403

= 45 MPa h

30 t = 4%, k = 1223

h

t = 3%, k = 1043

25 t = 2%, k = 863

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 683

20

15

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

10

EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5 s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

744 Short Columns

40

t = 7%, k = 2218

= 0.70 b

35 t = 6%, k = 1973

t = 5%, k = 1728

= 45 MPa h

30 t = 4%, k = 1483

h

t = 3%, k = 1238

25 t = 2%, k = 993

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 748

20

15

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

10 EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5 s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

40

t = 7%, k = 2743

= 0.80 b

35 t = 6%, k = 2423

t = 5%, k = 2103

= 45 MPa h

30 t = 4%, k = 1783

h

t = 3%, k = 1463

25 t = 2%, k = 1143

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 823

20

15

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

10

EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5 s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 745

Table 7.12.1 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 6%, k = 879

= 0.60

25 t = 5%, k = 795

= 25 MPa

t = 4%, k =711

20 t = 3%, k = 627

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 543

15

t = 1%, k = 453

7

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

fs /fy = 1.0

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.12.2 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 6%, k = 1062

= 0.70

25 t = 5%, k = 947

= 25 MPa

t = 4%, k = 832

20 t = 3%, k = 719

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 604

15

t = 1%, k = 489

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

746 Short Columns

Table 7.12.3 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 6%, k = 1271

= 0.80

25 t = 5%, k = 1122

= 25 MPa

t = 4%, k = 972

20 t = 3%, k = 823

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 674

15

t = 1%, k = 524

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.12.4 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 6%, k = 1509

= 0.90

25 t = 5%, k = 1320

= 25 MPa

t = 4%, k = 1131

20 t = 3%, k = 942

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 2%, k = 759

15

t = 1%, k = 564

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 750 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 747

Table 7.12.5 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 6%, k = 915

25

t = 4%, k =747

= 30 MPa

t = 3%, k = 663

20

t = 2%, k = 579

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 495

15

7

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d) fs /fy = 1.0

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+ d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.12.6 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 6%, k = 1097

25

t = 4%, k = 868

= 30 MPa

t = 3%, k = 754

20

t = 2%, k = 639

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 525

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

748 Short Columns

Table 7.12.7 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 6%, k = 1307

25

t = 4%, k =1008

= 30 MPa

t = 3%, k = 859

20

t = 2%, k = 710

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 560

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.12.8 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 6%, k = 1545

25

t = 4%, k = 1167

= 30 MPa

t = 3%, k = 978

20

t = 2%, k = 789

Pr /Ag MPa

t = 1%, k = 600

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 822 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 749

Table 7.12.9 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 5%, k = 864

25

t = 3%, k = 696 = 35 MPa

t = 2%, k = 612

20

t = 1%, k = 528

Pr /Ag MPa

15

7

10 fs /fy = 1.0

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.12.10 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 5%, k = 1015

t = 4%, k = 901

= 0.70

25

t = 3%, k = 787 = 35 MPa

t = 2%, k = 672

20

t = 1%, k = 558

Pr /Ag MPa

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

750 Short Columns

Table 7.12.11 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 5%, k = 1190

25

t = 3%, k = 892 = 35 MPa

t = 2%, k = 742

20

t = 1%, k = 593

Pr /Ag MPa

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.12.12 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

30

t = 5%, k = 1389

= 0.90

t = 4%, k = 1200

25

t = 3%, k = 1011 = 35 MPa

t = 2%, k = 822

20

t = 1%, k = 633

Pr /Ag MPa

15

10

EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 887 bh3/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 751

Table 7.12.13 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

35

t = 6%, k = 978

t = 5%, k = 894 = 0.60

30

t = 4%, k = 810

= 40 MPa

25 t = 3%, k = 726

t = 2%, k = 642

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 558

15

7

fs /fy = 1.0

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.12.14 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

35

t = 6%, k = 1160

t = 5%, k = 1046

= 0.70

30

t = 4%, k = 932

= 40 MPa

25 t = 3%, k = 817

t = 2%, k = 703

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 589

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

752 Short Columns

Table 7.12.15 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

35

t = 6%, k = 1370

t = 5%, k = 1221 = 0.80

30

t = 4%, k =1072

= 40 MPa

25 t = 3%, k = 922

t = 2%, k = 773

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 624

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.12.16 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

35

t = 6%, k = 1609

t = 5%, k = 1419 = 0.90

30

t = 4%, k = 1230

= 40 MPa

25 t = 3%, k = 1041

t = 2%, k = 852

Pr /Ag MPa

20 t = 1%, k = 663

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 949 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 753

Table 7.12.17 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

35

t = 5%, k = 923

= 0.60

30 t = 4%, k = 839

t = 3%, k = 755 = 45 MPa

25 t = 2%, k = 671

t = 1%, k =587

Pr /Ag MPa

20

15

fs /fy = 1.0

7

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.12.18 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

35

t = 5%, k = 1075

= 0.70

30 t = 4%, k = 961

t = 3%, k = 846 = 45 MPa

25 t = 2%, k = 732

t = 1%, k = 617

Pr /Ag MPa

20

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

754 Short Columns

Table 7.12.19 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

35

t = 5%, k = 1250

= 0.80

30 t = 4%, k =1101

t = 3%, k = 951 = 45 MPa

25 t = 2%, k = 802

t = 1%, k = 652

Pr /Ag MPa

20

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

Table 7.12.20 Rectangular Columns with Equal Numbers of Bars in Side Faces Only

35

t = 5%, k = 1448

= 0.90

30 t = 4%, k = 1253

t = 3%, k = 1070 = 45 MPa

25 t = 2%, k = 881

t = 1%, k = 692

Pr /Ag MPa

20

15

10 EI19 = kbh3/(1+d)

EI20 = 1006 bh3/(1+d)

fy = 400 MPa

5

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Mr /(Ag h), MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 755

25

= 0.60

t = 6%, k = 666 = 0.60

t = 5%, k = 595 _^ = 30 MPa

20 = =0.60

30 MPa

t = 4%, k = 525

t = 3%, k = 454

15

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 2%, k = 383

t = 1%, k = 313

10

7

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 484 h4/(1+d)

5

fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5

Mr /h3, MPa

25

= 0.60

t = 6%, k = 819

= 0.70

t = 5%, k = 723 _^ = 30 MPa

20 = =0.60

30 MPa

t = 4%, k = 627

t = 3%, k = 531

15 t = 2%, k = 434

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 1%, k = 338

10

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 484 h4/(1+d)

5

fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5

Mr /h3, MPa

All rights reserved.

756 Short Columns

25

= 0.60

t = 6%, k = 996 = 0.80

t = 5%, k = 870 _^ = 30 MPa

20 ==0.60

30 MPa

t = 4%, k = 745

t = 3%, k = 619

15

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 2%, k = 493

t = 1%, k = 368

10

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 484 h4/(1+d)

5

fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Mr /h3, MPa

25

= 0.60

t = 6%, k = 1196

= 0.90

t = 5%, k = 1037 _^ = 30 MPa

20 = =0.60

30 MPa

t = 4%, k = 878

t = 3%, k = 719

15 t = 2%, k = 560

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 1%, k = 401

10

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 484 h4/(1+d)

5

fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Mr /h3, MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 757

30

t = 8%, k = 827 = 0.60

= 0.60

t = 7%, k = 756

25

t = 6%, k = 685

_^ = 30 MPa

==0.60

35 MPa

t = 5%, k = 615

20 t = 4%, k = 544

t = 3%, k = 473

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 2%, k = 403

15

t = 1%, k = 332

10 7

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 523 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5

Mr /h3, MPa

30

t = 8%, k = 1031 = 0.60

t = 7%, k = 935 = 0.70

25 t = 6%, k = 839

_^ = 30 MPa

==0.60

35 MPa

t = 5%, k = 742

20 t = 4%, k = 646

t = 3%, k = 550

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 2%, k = 454

15

t = 1%, k = 358

10

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

fs /fy = 1.0

EI20 = 523 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5

Mr /h3, MPa

All rights reserved.

758 Short Columns

30

t = 8%, k = 1267 = 0.60

t = 7%, k = 1141 = 0.80

25 t = 6%, k = 1015

_^ = 30 MPa

=0.60

= 35 MPa

t = 5%, k = 890

20 t = 4%, k = 764

t = 3%, k = 638

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 2%, k = 513

15

t = 1%, k = 387

10

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 523 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /h3, MPa

30

t = 8%, k = 1534 = 0.60

t = 7%, k = 1375 = 0.90

25

t = 6%, k = 1216

_^ = 30 MPa

= 0.60

= 35 MPa

t = 5%, k = 1057

20 t = 4%, k = 898

t = 3%, k = 738

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 2%, k = 579

15

t = 1%, k = 420

10

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 523 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /h3, MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 759

30

= 0.60

t = 7%, k = 774

= 0.60

t = 6%, k = 704

25 _^ = 30 MPa

t = 5%, k = 633 ==0.60

40 MPa

t = 4%, k = 562

20 t = 3%, k = 491

t = 2%, k = 421

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 1%, k = 350

15

10 7

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 559 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5

Mr /h3, MPa

30

t = 7%, k = 953

= 0.60

= 0.70

t = 6%, k = 857

25 _^ = 30 MPa

t = 5%, k = 760 ==0.60

40 MPa

t = 4%, k = 664

20 t = 3%, k = 568

t = 2%, k = 472

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 1%, k = 376

15

10

EI19 = kh4/(1+d) fs /fy = 1.0

EI20 = 559 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5

Mr /h3, MPa

All rights reserved.

760 Short Columns

30

= 0.60

t = 7%, k = 1159

= 0.80

t = 6%, k = 1033

25 _^ = 30 MPa

t = 5%, k = 908

=0.60

= 40 MPa

t = 4%, k = 782

20 t = 3%, k = 656

t = 2%, k = 531

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 1%, k = 405

15

10

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 559 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /h3, MPa

30

= 0.60

t = 7%, k = 1393

= 0.90

t = 6%, k = 1234

25 _^ = 30 MPa

t = 5%, k = 1075 = 0.60

= 40 MPa

t = 4%, k = 916

20 t = 3%, k = 757

t = 2%, k = 597

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 1%, k = 438

15

10

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 559 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /h3, MPa

All rights reserved.

CAC Concrete Design Handbook 4th Edition 761

30

t = 7%, k = 791

= 0.60

t = 6%, k = 720 = 0.60

25 t = 5%, k = 650 _^ = 30 MPa

t = 4%, k = 579 ==0.60

45 MPa

t = 3%, k = 508

20

t = 2%, k = 438

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 1%, k = 367

15

10 7

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 593 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

Short Columns

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5

Mr /h3, MPa

30

t = 7%, k = 970

= 0.60

t = 6%, k = 874 = 0.70

25 t = 5%, k = 777 _^ = 30 MPa

t = 4%, k = 681 ==0.60

45 MPa

t = 3%, k = 585

20

t = 2%, k = 489

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 1%, k = 393

15

10 fs /fy = 1.0

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 593 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5

Mr /h3, MPa

All rights reserved.

762 Short Columns

30

t = 7%, k = 1176

= 0.60

t = 6%, k = 1050 = 0.80

25 t = 5%, k = 925 _^ = 30 MPa

t = 4%, k = 799 =0.60

= 45 MPa

t = 3%, k = 673

20

t = 2%, k = 548

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 1%, k = 422

15

10

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 593 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /h3, MPa

30

t = 7%, k = 1410

= 0.60

t = 6%, k = 1251 = 0.90

25 t = 5%, k = 1092 _^ = 30 MPa

t = 4%, k = 933 = 0.60

= 45 MPa

t = 3%, k = 773

20

t = 2%, k = 614

Pr /h2, MPa

t = 1%, k = 455

15

10

EI19 = kh4/(1+d)

EI20 = 593 h4/(1+d)

5 fy = 400 MPa

s = 0.85

c = 0.65

0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Mr /h3, MPa

All rights reserved.

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