UNIT 4

Kompetensi Dasar: Menghasilkan tuturan sederhana yang cukup untuk fungsi-fungsi dasar Indikator: 1 Perintah atau permintaan disampaikan dengan benar 2 Perasaan dan keinginan hati dapat diungkapkan dengan benar 3 Penawaran barang maupun jasa dapat diungkapkan dengan benar

I COMMAND AND REQUEST. A Question and answer 1. A B 2 A B 3 A B 4 A B 5 A B : : : : : : : : : : It’s very hot will you open the window, please? Yes, of course. Tom, can you turn on the lamp, please? Sure Stop talking! The class will begin Yes, all right. Get out your English book! All right Andi, will you clean the white board, please? Certainly

Here are other examples about Command and Request

No 1 2 3 4 5

Command and Request Will you close the door, please? Could you help me to clean the room? Would you mind helping me to do the homework? Keep quiet, would you please! Sit down, please!

Responses Positive All right Yes of course Yes, certainly Yes, thank you Yes, thank you Negative Sorry, the room is dark Sorry, I can’t I’m sorry but I have to go now Thank you but I’d rather stand here

Note: * Command is always started with infinitive. Example: Open the door! Read lesson 5, Tom! Clean the blackboard * Request is started with modals can, will, could, would, would you mind etc Example: Can you turn on the fan? Will you close the door? Could you help me to arrange the books? Would you mind helping me please? * Would / could / would you mind, used to make polite requests. Task1 Write command or request based on the situation given 1. What will you say if you want your friend to buy some cake at the cafeteria? 2. You don’t understand the lesson; you want to ask your teacher to explain it. What will you say? 3. The room is dark. You want to ask your friend to turn the lamp on. What will you say? 4. You want to ask your friend to type the report. What will you say? 5. The class room is dirty. Ask tour friend to sweep it. Task 2 Expressions to ask some one not to do something - Don’t open the book! - Don’t come in Read the dialogue below then underline the negative command! Coach : Now, it is our turn to take part in the volleyball competition. Are you all ready? Players : Sure. We’re all ready. We’ll try hard to beat our opponents. Coach : That’s good. But mind out! Don’t play carelessly. They will use any trick to win the game. And don’t forget to co-operate with the rest of the team. Players : All right. We won’t. We’ll do our best. Coach : Make sure you are always confident in any situation in the game. That’s the best policy. Good luck! Players : Thanks for the advice.
(Taken from English for Vocational School, LP2IP, 2004)

II. EXPRESSING FEELING A. Below are the words expressing feeling, find the meaning of the words in your dictionary. 1. happy 2. sad = .......................... = ..........................

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13 14.

disappointed glad nervous angry amazed embarrassed tired hopeless confused worried proud of bored

= = = = = = = = = = = =

.......................... .......................... .......................... ......................... ......................... ......................... ......................... ......................... ......................... ......................... ........................ .........................

Task 3 Answer the questions using the words that expressing feeling No one has been done for you 1. How will you feel if you win the competition? I will be very happy 2 How will you feel if you are fail in the test? .......................................................................... 3. How will your sister feel if she can’t meet her favorite singer? .................................................................................................. 4 How will your mother feel if you break your glasses? .................................................................................... 5 How will your teacher feel if you always come to school late? ................................................................................................ 6 How will your father feel if you always get good mark in English? .......................................................................................................... Task 4 Work in pairs, practice responding to questions involving feelings Example: Happy - pass the exam A : How do you feel? B : I’m happy because I have passed the exam 1. worried 2 nervous 3 angry 4 hopeless5 tired heard bad news will do the English debate my friend forgot his promise no one helps me solve math problem have done many thing in the office

Task 5 Writing Read about a person that the writer like most. I can say that the person I like best is Dian. She is my classmate. When I was at junior high school, I have known her. I often come to her house and we also study together when we have difficulties in learning my lesson. Now we go to the same school. We choose the same program at vocational school. I sit beside her. I like her very much because she is beautiful, patient, helpful and honest Now write one of your friends that you like best, use the following questions to guide you to write Write the first time you knew or met her/him Write how long you have been together Write the characteristic you like or don’t like about him/her. ( shy, polite, kind, interesting, humorous, responsible, helpful, etc)
(Source: English for vocational school, LP2IP, 2004)

III.

EXPRESSING OFFER A. Read the dialogue below Dialogue 1 Susan : Hello? Harry : Hi, Susan, it’s me Harry Susan : Oh, hi, Harry. How are you doing? Harry : Not so bad. Say, are you doing anything Saturday night? Susan : No, nothing special. Why? Harry : Well, do you feel like going to have dinner with me? Susan : Oh, that’s terrific idea. Harry : Great, may I pick you up at your house? Susan : OK, what time? Harry : Is seven o’clock OK Susan : Fine, well see you at seven Harry : Right, so long for now. Susan : Bye

Study the sentences: 1. Do you feel like going to have dinner with me? Response: “that’s terrific idea” 2. May I pick you up at your house? Response: “OK, what time? Dialogue 2 Harry Helen Harry Waitress Harry Waitress : : : : : : What are you going to have, Helen? I think I’ll have cheeseburger I think I’ll have chef’s salad. I guess we are ready to order, then. Waitress, excuse me! Yes, sir may I help you? We’d like to order please Ok, well what would you like?

Harry : cheeseburger and chef’s salad Waitress : Would you like to have soft drink Helen : No, I’d like avocado juice. Harry : All right two glasses of avocado juice Waitress : Would you like anything else? Harry : Not right now, thank you Waitress : Shall I bring you your avocado juice now? Harry : Yes, please Study the offering below: - What would you like to have? - Would you like to have soft drink? - Would you like anything else? - Shall I bring you your avocado juice? - Would you like some coffee - Do you want to have some cake? - Have some more coffee, please Task 6 You have a study group in your house. Write a short dialogue to offer them some thing to have. Work in group of three or four. B. How to accept and refuse an offer offering
Do you want me to clean the machine? Should I get some food for the picnic? Let’s have some ice cream! I’ll post your letter on my way home Let me take those books Please come to my house this afternoon

accepting
Thanks, for your kindness All right. Thanks, I’d love to That would be nice Yes, please All right I will

refusing
Thanks, I can do it by my self No, we have prepared it Sorry, I can’t thanks anyway Thanks but I can do it myself No, I can take it my self I’d love to but I have to see a doctor.

Task 7 Complete the dialogue below in your own words, you may accept or refuse the offer and give the reason Example: Offer A : Would you like to sit down? Acceptance B : That’s very kind of you. I’m rather tired Refusal B : No, thanks just the same. I’d rather stretch my legs a bit 1. A B 2 A B 3 A B 4 A Would you like something to eat? .................................................... I’ll give you a lift home ...................................................... Will you buy my car, please? ........................................................ Take this book please, I have the other one

5 Task 8

B A B

................................................................... Shall I bring you some coffee? .................................................................

In a group of 3 students, find one menu of a restaurant, then arrange a dialogue about eating in a restaurant based on the menu you have got then practice it in front of your class! IV SHOWING REGRET, APOLOGY& SYMPATHY Listen and repeat the expression below: 1. I would like to apologize for being late to class. 2. It’s Ok this time. Please be on time in the future 3. Yes I will, thank you, sir. 4. We’re sorry to have the meeting here 5. That’s all right, we completely understand. 6. Sorry, I forgot to bring your magazine back. 7. No problem, I’ve finished it 8. I’m sorry to hear that, please accept my condolence. Task 9 Practice the dialogue below in pairs! In the classroom Edo : Good morning, sir Mr.Kuncoro : Morning, Edo Edo : I’d like to apologize for being late to class Mr. Kuncoro : Why do you come late? Edo : My motorbike had a flat tire on the way to school Mr. Kuncoro : It’s OK this time. Please be on time in the future Edo : Yes, I will. Thank you, sir In the meeting Manager : We’re sorry to have the meeting here. We know that it’s not comfortable here. But we have no choice. The meeting room is being renovated. Guest : That’s all right, we completely understand Manager : Thank you In classroom Lisa : Ani : Lisa At school Iwan Adi Iwan Adi : : : : : Sorry, I forgot to bring you magazine back. No problem. I’ve finished reading it and you may give back to me next time Thanks I saw some one picked you up at school yesterday, who was he? Oh, he is my uncle. He told me that my mother has just passed away. Than he asked me to go home I’m sorry to hear that, please accept my condolence. Thanks

Task 10 Complete the dialogues below and practice them with your partner In a restaurant Girl : I’d like some Vanilla ice cream, please. Waiter : I _________________. We don’t have any vanilla left. Girl : Than I’ll have some strawberry, please. Waiter : I’m sorry, miss, _________________ strawberry, either Girl : Than, _______________ have? Waiter : Only chocolate and orange. Girl : I’ll have chocolate, please In an office Supervisor : Staff : You sent me a message yesterday that you couldn’t come to the office. But you didn’t explain the reason. What ___________? I ____________, I didn’t mean to underestimate you, but I have no time to explain it. I was in a hurry to take my father to hospital. He suddenly had a heart attack. I _______________. I hope he’ll get better soon.

Supervisor :

Task 11 Practice the dialogue with your partner! Randy : Hello, Randy’s speaking. Can I speak to Marni? Marni : Yes, it’s me, Randy. Did you get home all right last night? Randy : Yes, thank you. I just want to apologize for the incident last night. Marni : Please don’t mention it. It doesn’t matter. Randy : But I broke a decorating pitcher in your house. It must be expensive. Wasn’t your mother angry? Marni : Forget it. You did it accidentally Randy : Yes, but … Marni : Look, it’s nothing. I was a bit annoyed last night, but I’m all right now. So forget it. Randy : Marni, let me buy another pitcher … Marni : No, Randy. Listen to me, you did it accidentally. I don’t want to hear about it anymore. Randy : All right. I’m terribly sorry about that. Marni : It’s all right Task 12 Answer the questions based on the dialogue above 1. Where does the conversation take place? 2. Why does Randy call Marni? 3. Did Randy break the property deliberately? 4. Does he regret for what he did? 5. Does Marni accept his apology? 6. What did Marni feel last night? 7. Will Randy buy another pitcher next day? 8. Mention the two expressions to apologize stated in the dialogue!

V. LANGUAGE FOCUS A. MODALS a. Modals used in general. Study the example below 1. Made can speak English. He lives in Bali 2. We may go home earlier because the teacher is sick 3. You should study hard to pass the exam 4. It is cloudy, it might rain this afternoon 5. Today is Monday, tomorrow will be Tuesday. 6. He could run fast when he was young 7. Tono is seriously sick. He must go to a doctor The modals in the sentences above are: Can = dapat/ sanggup May = boleh Should = seharusnya Might = mungkin Will = akan Could = bisa/dapat (lampau) Must = harus None: To make negative sentences, put not after modals Example: 1) I can not speak Chinese but I can speak English 2) I will not (won’t) come this afternoon 3) You may not open the door, it’s very cold. To make questions, put the modal before subject Example: 1) Can you speak English? 2) Will your mother come to the party? 3) What will you do after coming home from school? 4) Who can help me cleaning the room? b. Modals used as request (permintaan) Study the example below 1. A : Will you tell me about your family? B : Yes, I have my parents, one sister and one brother 2 3 4 A : B : A : B : A : B : Can you help me to clean the class room? Certainly Would you explain it once again, sir? All right Could you turn on the fan, please? Sure

Note: 1) 2) 3) In making a request you can use: Will you ................ Can you ................ To make it more polite you may add the word ‘please’ at the end of the sentences. Example: Will you open the door, please? The most polite request is using would you ............. could you...............or would you mind .................. “Would you mind” is always followed by verb + ing Example: A : Would you mind opening the window, please? B : Of course not A B : : Would you mind not smoking here?(please don’t smoke here) No, that’s all right

4)

c. Modals used in offering For offering a help use “shall“ Example: A : Shall I clean the white board? B : Yes, that’s very kind of you A B A B : : : : Shall I close the door? Yes, thank you Shall I type the letter? Thank you, but I can do it my self would you like..... Will you have.....

For offering things use; Example: A : B : A B A B A B : : : : : :

Would you like something to drink? Yes, I’d like ice tea please Would you like a cup of milk? Yes, please Will you have some coffee, please? No, thank you it’s enough Will you have a cigarette? No, thanks. I don’t smoke

d. Modals used for asking something In asking something, use may I ..... Can I .... Could I .... Example: A : Can I borrow your pen, please? May I borrow your pen, please? Could I borrow your pen, please? B : By all means! Here you are. A B A : : : Could I have some more tea? Certainly! Here it is

I would like to have some more coffee, please? Can I have some more coffee, please? May I have some more coffee, please? Could I have some more coffee, please? B : Sure, here it is. e. Modals used for asking permission Example: A : May I come in, please? B : Yes, please come in A B A B A B : : : : : : May I go home now? Oh, I’m sorry, you may not. Please wait for your teacher Dad, can I go for a picnic with my friends? Sure, but be careful! It’s very cold; may I close the window, please? Sure ASSESSMENT I. Read the reading text and then answer the questions Saturday afternoon when Hendra came home from school, he saw a note on the kitchen table. The note says: “Henrda, I have to go to the village to visit grandma because she is seriously sick. I will be there for some days; there are some things for you to be done, first, clean the house and water the plants after taking a nap, don’t forget to clean the back yard and water the flowers. Uncle Edi will come to be with you in the evening. Give the dog some thing to eat. Don’t go to bed late in the evening and don’t forget to lock all the doors and windows before going to bed. I think that’s all, I’ll call you this evening and let you know how grandma is. Love, Your mom” Hendra looked so sad because of the note and he hoped that his grandma would get well soon

Questions 1 Write sentences that expressing command! 2. Why did his mother go the village? 3 How long will she be there? 4 Who is Edi? 5 What is the best title of the text above? II. Read the dialogue below then answer the questions
Seller Johan Seller : : : Can I help you? Yes, I’m looking for a souvenir. Well, I have excellent antiques. Why don’t you have a look? I’ll be back in a minute. Thank you. What do you think of this, Ely? Oh, that’s beautiful. It’s just the thing for a souvenir. May I take the one on the top, like this one? Yes, certainly OK, I’ll take this one. Can you wrap it, please? Sure Thank you very much You’re welcome.

Johan : Ely : Johan : Seller : Johan : Seller : Johan : Seller : Questions: 1. Where does the dialogue take place? 2 How many people are there in the dialogue? 3. What does the customer buy? 4 Write the sentences that showing request 5 Which sentence describes things in the dialogue above?

III Look at the menu and then answer the questions below.

Complete the dialogue in your word based on the menu above 1. A : What would you like for fasting madam? B : ________________________________ 2 A B 3 A B 4 A B 5 A : : : : : : : How much is the price for Chicken corn soup? _____________________________________ What do you mean by Urapan Sayur? _______________________________ I like to have Gado-gado but what does it look like? ________________________________________ Give me 3 bowls of chicken corn soup. How much is the price for all? ____________________________________________________

B : IV. LISTENING

1. Complete the dialogue below by listening to your teacher Lisa Mother Lisa Mother Lisa Mother : : : : : : Hi, ma’am something smells .... What are you doing? I’m making some soup. .... you like to eat now? No, thanks. I’m not feeling .... now. I have just had meatballs at school; I think it will be ....to have dinner together, but .... I just taste this soup? Sure, take a bowl and a spoon I’d .... to use this small plate. Wow it is ...., I like it ma’am, you are .... a good cooker. Thank you dear.

2. Making a cake Complete the text below while listening to your teacher. My mother .... to make some cakes for breakfast and I always ..... her in the kitchen. This morning she .... make a birthday cake for my brother, Harry. Mother asked me not .... him because she ........ to make it a surprise .... him. This evening we are .... celebrate his 17th birthday. This is a .... day for my family, we love .... other and my mother always remembers .... birthdays

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