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Section 3 Table 3.

01 - Jahra Pumping Station - Odor Control Calculations

Design data for flow

Soluble [S'] min 8 mg/L

Soluble [S'] max 18 mg/L Design assumption : - Soluble [S'] - passes forward to oxydation in main aeration lanes

Soluble [S'] average 12 mg/L

average daily flow 180000 m3/day

Peak daily flow 270000 m3/day

Minimum daily flow 81000 m3/day

Average daily S' loading 2160 Kg/day

Peak daily S' loading 2160 Kg/day

Minimum daily S' loading 1458 Kg/day

It should be noted that the sulphide content of the flow arriving at KUBD will be increased

according to the additional detention time in the sewer.


Sulphide accumulation is exascerbated by the [SO4]: the low velocity and anoxic conditions occurring due to surcharge

Estimate of sulphide build up in the twin surcharged feeder mains

Cs = 0.0026 x t x CEBOD x (1+0.01d)/d ref WPCF-22

Cs = Increase in [S] mg/L

t = detention time minutes


d = pipe diameter inches 55.0

a = pipe area m2 2.01


CEBOD = 1.07 (T-20)
x BOD = 421

BOD = 300 mg/L

L = 14000 m

T = temperature = 25 deg C

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Eng. R. Corbishly
Section 3 Table 3.01 - Jahra Pumping Station - Odor Control Calculations

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Estimation of sulphide release at free surfaces : -

H2S flux from stream surface is calculated according to Pomeroy's formula 0.69 x CA x T x (SV)3/8 (1-q) J [DS]

CA = Turbulence factor '= 1 + [0.17V2]


gdm

T = Temperature coefficient '= 3618 = 1.32 = H2S solubility at 200C

2743 H2S solubility at 340C

S = Energy gradient '= see table m/m

V = Stream velocity '= see table m/s

q = relative H2S saturation level in air '= 0.02 typ. 2% - 20% expressed as decimal fraction

J = Prop'n of dissolved sulphide as H2S '= 0.5

[DS] = Max dissolved sulphides conc in flow '= 18.00 mg/L average flow

g = gravitational constant '= 9.8 m/s 2

dm = mean hydraulic depth '= see table (CSA of flow / wetted perimeter)

Process Nr Area L W D CA [DS''] S V dm Area fluxsf fluxsf total

m2 m m m mg/L m/m m/s m m2 g/m2/hour Kg/h

Inlet well 2 4.3 2.25 2 1.011 18.00 0.002 0.81 1.04 19.35 0.73 0.01

screens 2 8.8 2 2 1.002 18.00 0.002 0.40 1.38 35.2 0.55 0.02

wet well 2 19 10 3 1.001 18.00 0.002 0.12 0.35 380 0.36 0.14

0.17

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Eng. R. Corbishly
Section 3 Table 3.01 - Jahra Pumping Station - Odor Control Calculations

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Eng. R. Corbishly
Section 3 Table 3.01 - Jahra Pumping Station - Odor Control Calculations

Estimate of oxygen requirements for oxidation of sulphides in the aeration basin

Soluble sulphides passed forward to aeration -5 Kg/d Average daily sulphide loading less emissions to the odour control system

Oxidation reaction : - H2S + 2O2 H2SO4

In terms of gram-moles 18 Kg + 32 Kg 50 Kg ie 1 Kg H2S requires 1.78 Kg O2 for destruction)

Oxygen requirement for sulphide removal = -9 Kg/d at average daily flow

Ventilation rates of enclosed process spaces

System Area nr A H V Air changes Vmax main duct branch duct

m2 m m3 nr/h m3/h m3/s m/s m dia nr m3/s m dia

Inlet well 2 19.35 1.5 29.025 5 145 0.0 8 0.08 2 0.02 0.06

screens 2 35.2 1.5 52.8 5 264 0.1 8 0.11 2 0.04 0.08

wet well 2 380 5 1900 5 9500 2.6 8 0.65 4 0.66 0.32

[H2S] in ventilation extract

m3/h Kg/h g/m3 loading ppm % effic'y ppmstack System Wet Chemical scrubber selection

Inlet well 145 0.01 0.097 67.7 99.5

screens 264 0.02 0.074 51.3


wet well 9500 0.14 0.014 9.9

Totals 9909 0.17 0.017 11.8 99.5 0.06 1

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Eng. R. Corbishly
Section 3 Table 3.01 - Jahra Pumping Station - Odor Control Calculations

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Eng. R. Corbishly