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Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
Page No. I

OISD GDN-165
First Edition
JULY- 1999

GUIDELINES

FOR

RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS


FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

PREPARED BY
FUNCTIONAL COMMITTEE
ON GUIDELINES FOR
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

Oil Industry Safety Directorate


Government of India
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas
8th Floor, OIDB Bhavan, Plot No. 2, Sector 73, Noida 201301 (U.P.)
Website: www.oisd.gov.in
Tele: 0120-2593800, Fax: 0120-2593802
Sr.Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
Page No. II

Preamble

Indian petroleum industry is the energy lifeline of the nation and its continuous
performance is essential for sovereignty and prosperity of the country. As the industry
essentially deals with inherently inflammable substances throughout its value chain
upstream, midstream and downstream Safety is of paramount importance to this
industry as only safe performance at all times can ensure optimum ROI of these
national assets and resources including sustainability.

While statutory organizations were in place all along to oversee safety aspects of
Indian petroleum industry, Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD) was set up in 1986
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India as a knowledge centre for
formulation of constantly updated world-scale standards for design, layout and
operation of various equipment, facility and activities involved in this industry.
Moreover, OISD was also given responsibility of monitoring implementation status of
these standards through safety audits.

In more than 25 years of its existence, OISD has developed a rigorous, multi-layer,
iterative and participative process of development of standards starting with research
by in-house experts and iterating through seeking & validating inputs from all stake-
holders operators, designers, national level knowledge authorities and public at large
with a feedback loop of constant updation based on ground level experience obtained
through audits, incident analysis and environment scanning.

The participative process followed in standard formulation has resulted in excellent


level of compliance by the industry culminating in a safer environment in the industry.
OISD except in the Upstream Petroleum Sector is still a regulatory (and not a
statutory) body but that has not affected implementation of the OISD standards. It also
goes to prove the old adage that self-regulation is the best regulation. The quality and
relevance of OISD standards had been further endorsed by their adoption in various
statutory rules of the land.

Petroleum industry in India is significantly globalized at present in terms of technology


content requiring its operation to keep pace with the relevant world scale standards &
practices. This matches the OISD philosophy of continuous improvement keeping pace
with the global developments in its target environment. To this end, OISD keeps track
of changes through participation as member in large number of International and
national level Knowledge Organizations both in the field of standard development and
implementation & monitoring in addition to updation of internal knowledge base through
continuous research and application surveillance, thereby ensuring that this OISD
Standard, along with all other extant ones, remains relevant, updated and effective on a
real time basis in the applicable areas.

Together we strive to achieve NIL incidents in the entire Hydrocarbon Value Chain.
This, besides other issues, calls for total engagement from all levels of the stake holder
organizations, which we, at OISD, fervently look forward to.

Jai Hind!!!

Executive Director

Oil Industry Safety Directorate


Sr.Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
Page No. III

FOREWORD

The Oil Industry in India is 100 years old. Because of


various collaboration agreements, a variety of international
codes, standards and practices have been in vogue.
Standardisation in design philosophies and operating and
maintenance practices at a national level was hardly in
existence. This, coupled with feed back from some serious
accidents that occurred in the recent past in India and
abroad, emphasised the need for the industry to review the
existing state of art in designing, operating and maintaining
oil and gas installations.

With this in view, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas


in 1986 constituted a Safety Council assisted by the Oil
Industry Safety Directorate (OISD) staffed from within the
industry in formulating and implementing a series of self
regulatory measures aimed at removing obsolescence,
standardising and upgrading the existing standards to
ensure safe operations. Accordingly, OISD constituted a
number of functional committees of experts nominated from
the industry to draw up standards and guidelines on various
subjects.

The present document on GUIDELINES FOR RESCUE &


RELIEF OPERATIONS FOR POL TANK TRUCK
ACCIDENT, has been prepared by the functional committee
constituted amongst members nominated by the industry for
this purpose based on the accumulated knowledge and
experience of industry members and the various national ,
international codes and practices. This document is meant
to be used as supplement and not as a replacement for
existing codes and practices. Suggestions are invited from
the users after it is put into practice to improve the document
further, and the same may be addressed to

The Coordinator,
FUNCTIONAL COMMITTEE
ON GUIDELINES FOR
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT
Oil Industry Safety Directorate
Government of India
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas
8th Floor, OIDB Bhavan, Plot No. 2, Sector 73, Noida 201301 (U.P.)
Website: www.oisd.gov.in
Tele: 0120-2593800, Fax: 0120-2593802
Sr.Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
Page No. IV

NOTE

OISD publications are prepared for use in the oil and gas
industry under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
These are the property of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural
Gas and shall not be reproduced or copied and loaned or
exhibited to others without written consent from OISD.

Though every effort has been made to assure the accuracy


and reliability of data contained in these documents, OISD
hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for
loss or damage resulting from their use.

These documents are intended only to supplement and not


replace the prevailing statutory requirements.
Sr.Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
Page No. V

FUNCTIONAL COMMITTEE
ON
GUIDELINES FOR
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

NAME ORGANISATION

LEADER

SHRI S.C.GUPTA BPCL

MEMBERS

S/SHRI

V.DAMODARAN IBP

R.C.PANDEY BRPL

P.K.SINGH HPCL

P.R.WAGHMARE IOCL

K.K.KALIA GAIL

MEMBER COORDINATOR

SHRI A.MISHRA OISD

In addition to the above, various other experts from the industry


contributed in the preparation, review and finalisation of this document.
Sr.Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
Page No. VI

GUIDELINES FOR
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

CONTENTS
SECTION DESCRIPTION PAGE

1 INTRODUCTION

2 SCOPE

3 DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN

4 IDENTIFICATION OF RESPONSE LOCATION/


ZONE FOR CONTROL

5 INTERFACE BETWEEN LOCAL AGENCIES


AND MUTUAL AID MEMBERS

6 BACK-UP SUPPORT AT RETAIL OUTLETS

7 ACTION PLAN

8 SCENARIO ANALYSIS

9 SCENARIO HANDLING

10 RESOURCE IDENTIFICATION AND


MOBILISATION

11 EMERGENCY INFORMATION

12 EMERGENCY TRAINING
Sr.Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
OISD GDN 165 Page No. 1
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Due to increase in consumption and consequently increased transportation of


petroleum products mainly by road, the number of accidents involving POL Tank
Trucks has also risen. Many of them involved product spillage and a few of them
caused consequences like fatality, fire, explosion and environmental pollution.

Any loss (product, property or life) due to an accident affected people is ultimately a
national loss. Hence, all concerned personnel in the transportation business of oil
industry, government and other related agencies need to have clear cut plans and
understanding on how to handle emergencies arising out of accidents involving POL
Tank Trucks.

POL Tanktruck accident can turn out to be a disaster if the people handling such
emergencies are not adequately knowledgeable about the nature of the product.
When there is a leakage of product, the only requirement for a fire is a spark or flame
,since flammable liquid and atmospheric oxygen is already available. Any act of
negligence on the part of the enthusiastic public can lead to a disaster. However
carefully we plan and take steps to eliminate risks, accidents may still occur.
Emergency if not handled carefully and meticulously can end up in a catastrophe.
Therefore, Emergency planning/handling becomes a necessary element for
mitigating a major accident/emergency. Need has been felt to take measures for
minimising loss due to these accidents.

The present document has been evolved to provide the guidelines on emergency
handling so as to mobilise the necessary help with minimum response time for
rescue and relief operations involving tank truck accident carrying POL products.

2.0 SCOPE

This document provides the outline of guidelines for handling emergencies arising out
of POL tanktruck accidents. These guidelines are formulated to provide necessary
guidance /help to tide over the emergent situations by the local authorities/truck
owners and transporters with the following objectives:

a) Protect the crew and the Tank truck involved in the accident
b) Control,localise,minimise/ eliminate the hazard with a purpose to minimise
the loss.

c) Providing equipment for-(i) attending the leakage/ safe removal of leaked


product and (ii) the lorry involoved in the accident.

d) Medical attention to the injured and timely evacuation of the public around the
site of the accident if required.

e) Interface with statutory authorities and other oil companies to elicit their co-
operation to handle the emergencies.

This standard in no way supersedes the statutory requirements of bodies like IBR,
CCE, Factory Inspectorate or any other Government Body which must be followed as
applicable.
OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
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RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

3.0 DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN

3.1 Flow Of Information

When any accident takes place, the information should be given to the concerned
agencies at the earliest so that they can arrive at the site quickly.

Agencies to be informed in case of accidents: -

a. Nearest POL Depot/ Terminal /LPG Plant of any Oil Company


b. Transporter/dealer
c. Police station
d. Fire Brigade
e. Insurance Authorities
f. District Administration/authorities
g. Ambulance services/hospital
h. Nearest petrol pump
i. Any big industry nearby
j.Any voluntary agencies nearby

While conveying the information to Depot/Terminal, optimum data available on the


following lines should be mentioned :

(I) Location of the accident with topography and any other identifiable
landmarks.
(II) Milestone Number
(III) Highway Number
(IV) Registration Number of the Tanktruck/Transporter
(V) Location of loading.
(VI) TT empty or full and the product involved.
(VII) Position of the tanklorry on the road after the accident.
(VIII) Proceeding from/to
(IX) Casualty injury or loss of product/damage to TT
(X) Need for ambulance/ hospital Safety Threats/ Safety precautions taken if
any.
(XI) Assistance required (cranes,, fire fighting equipment, barrels, hand pumps,
torch lights, etc.)

However, to minimise the time delay, any readily available information should be
communicated though all other information would be desirable.

A). If the crew is in a position to act, either of the two should remain at the
accident spot and the other should inform the nearest Depot /Terminal/LPG
installation of any oil company over phone or through any other available
means .He shall also inform police, Fire brigade and his transporter.

In the absence of telephone facility the message to be flashed through any


other vehicle or person to the nearest location of an oil company, Police
outpost, Fire Brigade, or Retail Outlet of any Oil company.

OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
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RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

B). If the crew is not in a position to act (severely injured, unconscious or dead on
the spot), and the message is received and/or any other agency, they inturn
should inform other agencies.

3.2 Rescue Operation

A. Precautionary measures at site

The rescue team i.e. Oil company, Fire Brigade, Police etc on reaching the site
should undertake the following activities if not already taken up:

1. Rescue the crew if injured.


2.Remove all the fire fighting equipment from the tanktruck and keep them in a safe
place for use in case of fire.
3.Keep the public away from the site to avoid casualties in case of any explosion fire
etc.
4.If the leak is minor and the situation permits and if the POL depot / installation is
nearby, the leaking tank truck may be toed back and unloaded.
5.Stop the leakage and try to transfer the oil into another empty tanker, if available
on the site.
6. Move the tanker to a safer place, if possible after ensuring a safe LEL around the
tanker.
7. If it is not possible to stop the leakage, route the containment by making
temporary channels to a safe area away from the road and other ignition sources.
8. Barricade or cordon off the site and put red flags/marks or lights at the barricade
corners.
9. Cover the oil spillage on the ground with dry sand. If the public is found to be
recovering the spilled product, the same to be prevented.
10. Stop entry of the vehicle at a safe distance, preferably more than 50 metres,from
all sides.

11. Alert the nearby public about the possibility of fire. Ask them to cut off all sources
of ignition.Efforts to be made to cut off the power supply from main source /
power house of the area.
12. Identify the nearest source of water (River,pond,well,tube-well etc.)
13. Abandon the rescue operations if the situation go out of control and evacuate the
public from the nearby area which is likely to be affected.
4.
B. Accident with fire and explosion

1. Try to control the fire with available resources, if possible. Dont allow the fire to
spread.

2. Remove all the flammable or combustible material not involved in the accident,
from the near vicinity of the accident site to a safer distance with a purpose to
prevent spread of fire.

4.0 IDENTIFICATION OF RESPONSE LOCATION AND ZONE OF CONTROL.

Respective State Level Co-ordinator (SLC) of Oil Industry to identify, notify and
further monitor the Emergency Response centres in the respective state.He will also
form the rescue teams and decide their Leader.

OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
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OISD GDN 165 Page No. 4
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

Emergency Response Centre will have the responsibility of respond on receipt of


information of incident and will further act as detailed in the guidelines of this
standard.

In case of highways, where no oil company has locations larger Retail Outlets
enroute to be developed as Response locations with proper training/guidance.

5.0 INTERFACE BETWEEN LOCAL AGENCIES AND MUTUAL AID MEMBERS

The leader of rescue team assisted by other rescue team members would co-
ordinate as follows:

A. With Fire Brigade

i) Local Fire Brigade on receiving information about the T/l accident is to contact the
emergency response location of the areas/nearest oil company location.

ii) To report to the site immediately

iii) Assess the gravity of the situation and likely consequences.In the first instance
rescue to be arranged for the victims ,if any,trapped in the accident.

iv) Arrange to despatch Fire tenders as deemed necessary to the accident scene
with necessary accessories.
v) Arrange ambulance to the accident site if casualty/injury reported.

vi) Chalk out plan for handling of tanktruck/contents.

vii) Try to extinguish the fire from the downwind direction if possible in case of
breakout of fire.
viii) If possible, cut off or block the hydrocarbon flow from the lorry by shutting
manifold or master valves with a purpose to control / stop the fire. However,
alternatively, allow the fire to burn under controlled condition

ix) Localise the spillage and salvage the product spilled to the extent possible.

x) Liase with the Fire stations in the adjoining districts or towns/Mutual aid members
having fire-fighting facilities.

xi) Arrange to ensure adequate water supply through Municipal authorities/Village


Panchayats by way of water tankers.

xii) Minimise the damage to the local environment.

B. With Police

i) Assessment of Hazard by visiting the site of accident and getting in touch with
response location.

ii) Extend necessary assistance to the rescue team and local agencies in removal
of injured persons to the nearest first-aid centre/hospital

iii)Control/diversion of traffic from both ends.

iv)Warn the people in and around the place.

OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
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RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

C. With District Administration

i) Assess the situation by visit to the site and getting in touch with
Police/Response location of the area.

ii) Provide assistance to the Oil company for getting crane/hoists if lifting of the
vehicle is necessitated. Arrange vehicles for emergencies such as shifting of
casualty/injured to hospital,etc

iii)Keep a tab on overall situation.

iv) Issue directions to hospitals to be in readiness to receive patients.

D.With Mutual Aid Members

i) Assessment of Hazard.

ii) Mobilisation of resources in consultation with the response location including


rescue vehicles, handling of affected vehicles.

iii)Mobilisation of fire fighting equipment. Augmenting the resources.

6.00 BACK-UP SUPPORT AT RETAIL OUTLETS

Respective oil companies to ensure the following at their Retail Outlet

i) Should possess the telephone Nos. of nearest Oil Company Depot /Terminal Fire
Brigade

ii) In the event of getting the information first the RO should relay the message to
the local Police/ Fire Brigade/ Oil company Depot/Terminal/LPG Installation/
Sales Officer /Transporter.

iii)Should provide possible help to the crew

iv)Should possess a well-equipped first Aid Kit.

7.0 ACTION PLAN

The rescue /response location should organise rescue operation by drawing out a
contingency plan as the situation warrants.

The rescue team comprising of Officer/s and workmen should be sent to the location
of accident without any time lapse carrying along with them:

A.Equipment/accessories required and as identified refer Clause 10).

B.Portable hand operated transfer pumps with adequate no. of electrically


continuous hoses.

Sales/ Divisional staff would also form part of the rescue team to provide assistance
through local agencies.

The rescue team on reaching the accident site should assess the gravity of the
accident in terms of scenario given in clause-8 below and act accordingly
OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
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RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

The rescue team shall take utmost care in tackling the situation. They shall assist Fire
Brigade, Industry fire fighting team, civil authorities and or police.

8.0 SCENARIO ANALYSIS

Rescue team would visit the site , assess the situation and inform the response
location in charge about the scenario and the requirements of the rescue team
including assistance from external agencies.

Rescue team should categorise the accidents into the following scenario:

I. Accident in which TT crew is safe and no loss of product

I. II. Injury/Casualty to third party.

II. III.Head-on/side-on/rear-end collision with another vehicle or fixed object with no


damage to the tank fittings.

III. IV. Accident resulting in tank truck falling off the road with damage to the tank
fittings without leakage and need for evacuation of the product.

V. Accidents resulting in rupture of the compartments and/or spillage of product


due to overturning of the tank truck and/or damage to the fittings.

IV. VI. Tanktruck engulfed in fire with

V. VII.Total loss of product and tank truck involving blast explosion/explosion/fire


alongwith injuries, fatalities involving tank truck crew and general public &
damage to the surrounding area.

9.0 SCENARIO HANDLING

9.1 The rescue team will guide the complete operation till the accident affected tanktruck
with or without product is removed /salvaged from the accident and if legal formalities
like release of tanktruck crew from Police/ court is to be done then arrangement can
be made to keep the subject tanktruck in safe custody till the owner of the tanktruck/
product owning company takes the custody of the product.

Apart from police, fire brigade, para-medical agencies, services of knowledgeable


personnel to remove the Tank Truck and leaked product will also be required at the
spot. Hence correct information about the accident should reach these agencies at
the earliest.

9.2 Accident in which TT crew is safe and no loss of product.

1.On receipt of information, the police shall rush to the spot to regularise the traffic
or divert traffic if required.
2.Transporter or his representative should decide whether the TT can proceed to
his destination safely and / or any mechanical repair work is to be undertaken.
3.Request for crane if required.
4.Any mechanical work to be undertaken, only after evacuation.

OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
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RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

9.3 Injury/Casualty to third party/Tank Truck crew.

Response location has no role to play in this scenario. Local Police Authorities shall
comply with requisite formalities as per prevalent law and rules and should keep the
nearest response location posted of the status who in turn would come and inspect
the tank truck for its road worthiness at that point of time and advise the crew whether
the T/T can proceed to the consignee location. Further, if any cold repair of the
vehicle is to be done the response locations can advise/guide the transporter/crew
accordingly.

It shall be borne in mind that casualty, if any should be left in tact till the time the
police personnel arrive at the scene. Injured person should be attended to at the
earliest.

9.4 Head on / side on / rear end collision with another vehicle/fixed object with no
damage to the tank/fittings and no spillage/loss of product.

When this information is available, the response location shall send the rescue team
to the accident site and the rescue team shall take the following steps:

a. Inspect the vehicle and fittings and enlist the damages to the tank truck.

b. Ensure whether with minimal mechanical repairs the T/T can proceed to the
consignee location or else to the nearest Depot/Terminal.

c. If towing of the vehicle is required, list out the necessary precautions and advise
the crew/police/fire brigade accordingly.

d. In the event of the T/T being unloaded at the nearest POL location, convey the
necessary consignor company or its nearest location.

e. The T/T thus unloaded shall be released only after ensuring it is made gas free or
the crew/transporter should be strictly advised to make it gas free before carrying
out any hot work repair to the tank or to the chassis/cabin.

9.5 Accident resulting in tank truck falling off the road with damage to the tank
fitting without leakage and with need for evacuation of product.

Following actions should be taken depending upon the accident site conditions :

A. Inspection of the vehicle, tank, fittings and assessment of the extent of damage.

B. The mounting of cargo tanks shall be inspected in order to assess the condition
so as to enable the safe lifting of the tank truck.
C. In case of overturn of the vehicle ensure whether the discharge faucets / flange
joints under the master valve assembly of the compartments are accessible for
making necessary hose connections for evacuation of product from the tank
truck.
D. Accessibility of the crane to the accident spot to be ascertained or alternatively
chain pulley arrangement for lifting of the tanktruck on to the road.
E. If the vehicle is not in a position to be towed to the nearest POL location
arrangement for transhipping the product into another tanktruck should be made:

1.Connection of empty T/T to the affected T/T through PTO pump of the rescue
vehicle if possible else it should be connected to an intrinsically safe diesel
OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
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RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

pump kept at least 15 metres away from the vehicle. Semi-rotary pump with
sufficient hose length is another alternative.

2.Earthing connection to be made either to any nearby electric pole or to a long


iron rod driven sufficiently deep into the earth.

3.Operate the valves of the accident affected T/T and the empty vehicle and
start the pump regularly monitoring the flow of product to the T/T brought for
the purpose.

4. It is necessary to cordon off the area upto 100 metres and diversion of
vehicular traffic should be considered.

5. All fire safety equipment is to be kept in standby position.

6.Ignition sources in the viscinity of the operation should be extinguished in


case of volatile product like Motor Spirit.

7.Monitor the level of concentration of vapour in the event of volatile product


being evacuated.

9.6 Accidents resulting in rupture of the compartments or spillage of product due


to turn of the vehicle and /or damage to the fittings.

1.Population in the viscinity of the accident to be alerted to stop all open fires,
lanterns, smoking etc.

2. Stoppage and diversion of traffic with the help of police personnel.

3. Arrest the leakage with wooden wedge or M-seal in case of a crack.

4. Outsiders and unskilled personnel /agencies should be kept away from going
near the leaking tank truck.

5. In the event of profuse leak, try to localise the leak and remove the leaked
product using semi- rotary pumps into barrels/half cut barrels and further to the
T/T if possible.

6. In case of spillage of volatile product, viz. Motor Spirit, Naphtha etc. nobody
should stay within the vapour cloud or within the viscinity in wind direction.

7. Vapour concentration to be continuously monitored by means of an explosimeter.


Only after the readings are within the safe limits should the traffic be allowed to
be started.

8. Other actions are to be taken in consultation with the experts in their respective
fields.

9.Police authorities to prevent and take care of any untoward incident or commotion
due to panic situation.

10.Wind direction, ambient temperature, geographical location (hill, valley, forest or


desert site) and congestion level at site has a serious bearing on handling of the
situation.

OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
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9.7 T/T Engulfed in Fire:

In case of start of fire following actions should be envisaged:

a).Cordon off the area and evacuation of the people in the vicinity
a) b).Diversion of entire movement of traffic.

a. c) Cooling of the tank truck.


d).Advise local administration, POL terminal/Bottling plant to rush water and foam
tenders to the site.

e).Fire to continue under controlled condition, in case the source is big.

f).Setting up Control Room with the help of local authorities for close liaison with all
agencies.

g).Alerting local hospital, ambulance regarding medical aid to the affected people.

h).Quenching of fire with foam/DCP fire extinguishers.

i) A quick and constantly updated running assessment to exercise control over fire
and spilling product with minimum injuries /casualties.

9.8 Total loss of product and tank truck involving blast explosion /explosion/fire
alongwith injuries, fatalities involving tank truck crew and general public &
damage to the surrounding areas.

1. Removed the injured and the casualties to the hospitals.

2. Cordon off the entire area

3. Divert the Highway/City traffic

4. Remove debris, if any, promptly to facilitate movement of rescue operations


team/vehicle at site.

5. Be alert to the recurrence/re-emergence of fire/blast.

6. Emergency information camp to be set-up for correct and reliable information


relay of the status of the situation to external agencies/Press.

9.9 Crowd and traffic Management

Undesired crowd and traffic may worsen the emergency situation. Hence it is very
much necessary to control the crowd and traffic.

a.In case of accident without fire or explosion:

1.Block all the roads and enlist police support for the purpose, if required.

2.Divert the traffic through an alternate route, if possible.

3.Dont allow the crowd atleast within a radius of 30 Metres from the site.
Take help from the volunteers from the crowds till police arrives
OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
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OISD GDN 165 Page No.
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS 10
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

b.In case of accidents resulting in fire and explosion:

1.Divert the crowd in cross wind direction to such a distance where intensity of
the heat radiation is tolerable.

2.Stop all vehicles at a safe distance if not stopped earlier.

3.Warn the drivers of other nearby tankers containing flammable material to take
their vehicle away from the site and park in a safe manner.

4.Warn the public to keep away from the site. POL tanker on fire may explode
also.

5.Advise the public to remove or set free the cattle of the affected area to
safeguard against dehydration, suffocation and heat radiation.

10.0 RESOURCE IDENTIFICATION AND MOBILISATION

The scenario of the disaster will be the deciding factor for mobilisation of resources;
hence resources need estimation assumes its importance.

To respond in the quickest possible time and provide necessary help, the Oil
Companies should provide resources at identified locations to cover a disaster
resulting out of such accidents within a radius of 100 Kms.

An emergency checklist to include equipment and material needed to respond to the


emergency should be drawn. This should interalia, including Personal Protective
Equipment, air masks, portable communication equipment and appropriate fire
fighting equipment.

A model list of resources for the event of disaster management can be split into 3
categories.

A). In Plant resources


B). External resources
C).Communication resources

A) In Plant Resources

(To be kept and maintained by response centre as explained in clause 6)

i) Flameproof torches-03 Nos


ii) Gas Explosimeter-01 Nos
iii) Portable DCP/Foam Extinguisher 10 Kg DCP(BIS Marked)-02 Nos
iv) CAF Gaskets-Assorted sizes
v) Nuts & Bolts
vi) Teflon Tape-25mm width 02 rolls
vii) Crowbar (2 long)-
02 Nos
viii). Earthing wire with crocodile clips (Min. 15 metres)
Min-02 Sets
ix) Gloves ( Rubber /Industrial/ canvas gloves) -02 each
x) Blind flange-02 Nos to suit TT
OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
Sr.Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
OISD GDN 165 Page No.
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS 11
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

xi) Manila Rope/Jute Rope-25mm dia 20 Meter


xii) Approved type spark arrestor 01 No
xiii) Spare fan belt for T/L with PTO unit or intrinsically safe independent PTO
pump.
xiv) First Aid box.-01 complete with medicines
xv) Soap 02 Nos
xvi) M-Seal02 Sets in Tin
xvii) Wooden slippers and pegs 04Nos each
xviii) Breathing apparatus (SCBA and Canister masks) 01 Nos
xix) Hand operated siren-01No
xx) Whistle-02Nos
xxi) Intrinsically safe Red Lights(Battery operated)for traffic diversion)-02 Nos
xxii) Area Maps-01 Set
xxiii) Chain pulley blocks and stay pipes-02 Nos
xxiv) 3 Empty aluminium buckets with provision for bonding
xxv) Half-cut Barrels - 2 Nos.
xxvi) 3 size Semi-rotary hand pump-02 Nos
xxvii) 3 size Electrically continuous hoses and couplings-2 each
xxviii) Vacuume leak seal unit for attending leakage of liquid hydrocarbon -01
No
xxix) leak sealing pad with belts.-02 Sets
xxx) Non sparking tools like Brass/Rubber hammer-
01 each
B. External resources

a) Hospitals

Name
Addresses
Telephone No.
Bed capacity

b) Drug Stores (with medicines for burn injury)

Name
Addresses
Telephone No.

c) Availability of crane

Name
Addresses
Telephone No.
No. cranes/Capacities

d) District Administration-Collector

Name
Addresses
Telephone No.

e) Fire Station

Location
No.of Fire tenders available with capacity

OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
Sr.Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
OISD GDN 165 Page No.
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS 12
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

f).Any big industries, which can provide assistance during disaster for, fire fighting
providing ambulance vehicles, hospital assistance etc.

g) Public Address System

h) Ambulance

i) Local All-India Radio/ Doordarshan

j) Local Army, Navy, Air Force authorities for tools, tackles, cranes, communication,
medication, evacuation etc.

k) Chief Controller Of Explosive:

Name:
Address of nearest office:
Telephone No

C).Communication resources

I. Police Station
Location
Telephone NO

II. Petrol Pumps

Name
Address
Operated by
Telephone No.

III. Railway Station

IV. Power Houses

Location
Key persons to be contacted
in case of emergencies

V. Civil Authorities

Area
Person/designation
Contact No.

VI. Voluntary Agencies

Name
Address
Telphone No.

10.1 Positioning of emergency rescue aids:

Items listed under heading Resource identification and mobilisation should be


stored in each and every Depot/Terminal of all the Oil Companies.
OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
Sr.Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
OISD GDN 165 Page No.
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS 13
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

All the retail Outlets of Oil Companies should have first -aid boxes.

11.0 EMERGENCY INFORMATION

11.1 Every loading plant intending to transport any dangerous or hazardous goods
shall supply to the owner of the goods carriage full and adequate information about
such dangerous or hazardous goods so as to enable such owner and its driver to -

a)comply with the requirements of rules 129 to 137 of Central Motor Vehicle
Rule, 1989 for transportation of hazardous substances.

b)be aware of the risks created by such goods to the health and/or safety
of any person.

It shall be the duty of the loading plant to ensure that the information is accurate and
sufficient for the purpose of complying with the provisions of the rules 129 to 137 of
Central Motor Vehicle Rules 1989.

11.2 The Need has been felt to take measures for minimising these accidents. Emergency
Information Booklet shall contain the following information:

1. Chemical Identity

Chemical Name
Composition
Formula
Trade Name
CAS No.
U.N. No.
Distinct Mark of the Class Label

2. Physical Properties

Flash Point
Auto Ignition Temperature
Explosive Limit
Vapour - Density
Vapour - Pressure

3. Nature Of Hazards Like

-Coloured/Colourless etc.
-Inflammable/Highly Inflammable etc.
- Explosive character
-Reaction with naked skin
-Liquid ingestion can cause

-Vapour inhalation over_____PPM may cause _____

4. Protective Device

5. Emergency Action

-In case of uid leakage/spillage


OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
Sr.Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
OISD GDN 165 Page No.
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS 14
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

- In case of fire.

6. First Aid

7. Whom To Contact

8. Additional Information/References

9. Name, Address & Contact Nos. Of Loading Plant/Emergency Booklet Issuing


Plant.

11.3The Transport Emergency Information booklet shall preferably be bilingual


(English/Hindi/Regional Language). It should be brief, to the point and as per
Statutory Requirements (colour codification, size of label marks, UN No., CAS No.
etc.)

It shall be available with the Tank Truck Crew along with other documents and shall
be checked at loading point every time before loading i.e. it shall be one of the points
of checklist at loading.

12.0 EMERGENCY TRAINING

The training to POL drivers & cleaners (TankTruck Crew) should be developed as per
the OISD-154 COURSE MODULE NO.5.4.6, with an OBJECTIVE to educate on -

A. Safe Driving & Prevention Of Road Accident

B. To Evoke Correct & Prompt Response In Any EmergencySituation.

Course Contents:

1) Hazards of Petroleum Products.

2) Safety in Transportation of Petroleum Products by Road.

3) Dos & Don'ts in transportation.

4) Use of Fire Extinguishers (First Aid).

5) First Aid

6 ) Action in Emergency

7 ) Safety in Loading/Unloading Operations.

8) Tank Truck fittings and their use.

9) Upkeep of Safety Equipment Provided with Transport vehicle.

Apart from OISD the requirement of training is also covered under Central Motor
Vehicle Rules, 1989.

OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.
Sr.Number:OISD/DOC/2012/020
OISD GDN 165 Page No.
RESCUE & RELIEF OPERATIONS 15
FOR POL TANK TRUCK ACCIDENT

The basic requirements of Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989 pertaining to


dangerous or Hazardous goods transport must be complied by the transporters. For
this the loading station must conduct training of tank truck crew - as per the
requirement of R.T.O. (under Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989).

Loading plant shall ensure all safety checks as per the OISD checklist & CCE
requirements before the POL tanker is loaded.

OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from the use of OISD Standards/Guidelines.