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Chemical Engineering Society

Council of Student Organizations

De La Salle University Manila


6. The distribution coefficient of solute A between two

Questionnaire:............................................................ mutually immiscible liquids B (carrier) and S (solvent) is

= = 0.75. What is the slope of the tie-line in the
I. Multiple Choice
right triangular phase diagram if the mass fraction of the
solute in the solvent phase is = 0.1?
1. Consider distribution of the solute (A) in two partially
a. Zero
miscible solvents B (carrier) and S (solvent). What is the
b. Infinity
selectivity at the plait point?
c. -27
a. Zero
d. -12
b. One
c. Below one but above zero
7. An ideal single stage extraction process is used to treat
d. Very large
100 mol/s of an aqueous feed solution. The solute
concentration in this solution is to be reduced from 0.5
2. Which of the following point is/are applicable for the
mol% to 0.1 mol%. A pure solvent S is used. To reduce
mixer-settler type of equipments for liquid-liquid
the solvent requirement by half for the same
a. They occupy large floor space
a. Add one more ideal co-current stage
b. They require large solvent inventories
b. Use another pure solvent whose partition
c. They provide high stage efficiencies
coefficient is twice of that of S
d. All of the above
c. Use solvent S containing 0.02 mole fraction
of the solute
3. Four solvents have been identified for the extraction of
d. Double the resistance time of the solvent S in
a solute from an aqueous solution. The interfacial
the container
tension values in unit of N/m corresponding to these
solvents are given below. Which solvent appears to be
8. In a liquid-liquid extraction process the extraction
most suitable for use?
solvent has no selectivity when the ratio of the two
a. 0.003
components in the extract solvent phase to that in the
b. 0.01
feed solvent phase is
c. 0.05
a. Zero
d. 0.07
b. One
c. Two
4. An ideal countercurrent mixer-settler cascade
d. Infinity
containing six stages removes 95% of the solute from
the feed. One of the mixers has developed a mechanical
9. In a single stage extraction process, 10 Kg of pure
problem and is by-passed. For the same percentage
solvent S is mixed with 30 Kg of feed F containing A at a
removal of the solute from the feed, the solvent rate
mass fraction of 0.2. The mixture splits into an extract
should be
phase E and a raffinate phase R, containing A at a mass
a. Increased
fraction of 0.5 and 0.05 respectively. The total mass of
b. Decreased
the extract phase is (Kg)
c. Kept constant
a. 6.69
d. Any of the above
b. 8.89
c. 10
5. A solution of solute (A) in diluent (B) is mixed with a
d. 12
solvent (S). The component (B) is slightly soluble in (S).
The resulting raffinate will be
10. The following mass and solute concentrations
a. Rich in S, poor in B, rich in A
are given for an ideal single-stage extraction system:
b. Poor in S, rich in B, poor in A
c. Rich in S, poor in B, poor in A
d. Rich in S, rich in B, rich in A

Feed is 500 Kg with solute at 40 mass%. Solvent is 400
Kg (pure). Extract is 550 Kg with solute at 33 mass%.
What is the distribution coefficient (or partition ratio) of
the solute at this condition? I.
a. 0.52 1. B
b. 2.15 2. D
c. 6.24
d. 8.41 3. D
4. A
II. Problem Solving 5. B
6. C
1. A binary liquid mixture of acetone (25% by mass) and 7. B
water is fed to a countercurrent multistage extraction 8. B
column using pure methylisobutyl ketone as a
solvent. The feed to solvent ratio is maintained at 2.
9. B
Analysis of the exit raffinate stream shows 3% by 10. C
mass of acetone. Equilibrium data at 25-260C and 1
atm is found in Geankoplis, Appendix A.3-25. (xA-axis II.
up to 0.35 mass fraction and placed at the upper 1/3 1.
of the graphing paper will suffice to put all relevant
data in the right triangular coordinates in the same a. ...
graph) b. 4.4
a. What is the rich extract composition? c. 76.11 lb/hr
b. How many ideal stages are required? d. 91.33%
c. If the feed is 100lb/hr, what is the rich
extract flow rate?
e. Iii
d. If the feed is 100lb/hr, what is the %
acetone recovered? 2.
e. If the feed is doubled from 100lb/hr to 200 a. 3128 Kg/hr
lb/hr with all other variables remain the b. 5.6 stages
same, which of the following statements is
i. The % acetone recovered will
ii. The number of ideal stages will
iii. The solvent flow rate will double
iv. The rich extract flow rate will be

2. A stream of wastewater containing 2% benzoic acid is

to be extracted with benzene in order to remove 95%
of the solute. Wastewater enters a multistage
countercurrent cascade at a rate of 2000 Kg/hr. If
water and benzene are assumed to be mutually

immiscible and the distribution coefficient is = 0.6

where and are the mass fraction of the solute in
water and benzene phases respectively, calculate the
a. The minimum rate of benzene required for
countercurrent separation of the mixture.
b. The number of stages required if 1.5 times
the minimum solvent is used.

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