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CEH 433

Water Resources Engineering

3 Stormwater and
Drainage
Prof. Melvin Blanco Solomon
Associate, Civil Engineering Department
FEU Institute of Technology
Rainfall Data - RIDF
1
a b ln ln 1
T
i N
D K
Rainfall Intensity (mm/hr): i
Constants: a, b, n, and K
Duration (mins): D
Return Period (years): T
Local RIDF Equations
Local RIDF Equations
Local RIDF Equations
RIDF Assignment
Example of Rainfall Intensity Duration Frequency Curves

a
i c
b D
a
i c
b D
a,b,c = coefficients vary
for each return period
D = minutes
i = mm/hr
Curve Expert 1.4
Watershed Boundary

Drainage outlet

Boundary lines in an animation


Watershed Boundary

Determining the boundary is critical in assigning the area.


Watershed Boundary
Watershed Boundary

1. Identify
drainage
outlet

2. Determine
catchment
boundary

3. Compute for
catchment
Boundary lines area
in 3D image
Watershed Boundary

Drainage outlet

Boundary lines
in a contour map
Watershed Boundary

Boundary lines

Drainage outlet

in a GIS map
Watershed Boundary
Time of Concentration

Time of
concentration

time it takes to
travel from the
farthest point of
watershed or
catchment to the
outlet of a specific
basin or sub-basin
Time of Concentration
Time of Concentration

Time of Concentration (sheet)


0.77
0.02 L
tC 0.385
S
tc = time of concentration in minutes
L = maximum length of flow, m
S = watershed gradient in m/m or the difference
in elevation between the outlet and the most
remote point of the watershed.
Time of Concentration
Time of Concentration
ttotal = tc,sheet + tKraven,river
sheet flow time:
0.77
0.02 L
tC 0.385
S
river flow time:
L
t Kraven
V Use Kraven V to
get flow time
Rational Method

Q CiA
Q = design peak runoff in m3/s i = rainfall intensity for
for a given recurrence interval design recurrence interval
(e.g. 10, 50 or 100 yrs) and for a duration =
time of concentration
C = runoff coefficient or
of a watershed
watershed characteristic factor
A = watershed area
Flood Engineering
Flood Engineering
River CROSS-SECTIONS are
engineered in such a way in
can carry Flood Discharges
with return period.
Flood Engineering
Example
Determine the required river cross-
section area at Point 4 and 5 if the
design mean velocity in the river is 2.2
m/s for a 50 year return period flood.
Note: watershed runoff coefficient is 0.75
in Ilo-ilo City.
Hint: determine first the peak discharge
using the model below

Duration (mins): D Return Period (years): T Rainfall Intensity (mm/hr): i


Constants: a=1662.9 b=457.9 n=0.8415 K=18

1
a b ln ln 1
T
i N
D K
Exercise
Determine the 50-year return period peak runoff rate (m3/s) for the
given figure at different points along the river as drainage in Ilocos
Norte (watershed runoff coefficient of 0.8). The slope in the entire
watershed is uniform at 0.006. Flow lengths are A=2.5km, B=5.5km,
C=3.5km, D=2.5km.
Determine the river cross-section area for each point (1, 2, and 3) so
that a velocity of 2 m/s is maintained during 50-year return period
peak flood flow.
2km 3km 2km

C
1km

A 1
2 3

B D
1km
Exercise or Assignment
2km 3km 2km

a C In Ilocos Norte,
1km

2.5km 1km
1 2.5km across all points in
the river labelled as
b 2 1.5km 4 2.5km 1-7, determine the
3km
1km

peak discharge and


7 river-cross section
3 area (design velocity
1km

2.5km 2km is 2m/s):


3.5km 5
c
C=0.8 (runoff
6 2.5km coefficient)
1km

5.5km
d
Slope= 0.006
For travel time estimation, use Kravens table for river flow
and time of concentration for sheet flow Solid: riverflow
Dashed: sheetflow