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KS3 Physics revision worksheet 1 - Forces, Motion, Pressure, The Earth and beyond

Exam Question Answers


1. (a) (i) A 1 (L3)
(ii) D 1 (L3)
(iii) E 1 (L4)
(iv) G 1 (L4)
accept Jupiter

(b) (i) a bar drawn to 12 N/kg 1 (L4)


the top of the bar must be in the
middle third between 10 and 15
(ii) any one from 1 (L4)

Jupiter

Saturn

Neptune
(iii) Jupiter 1 (L4)
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2. (a) any suitable independent variable such as 1 (L4)


the surface
the angle of the slope
the kind of object
the size of the push
accept specific variations in objects, such as,
weight or mass or surface area or type
of trainer sole or type of shoe

(b) any suitable dependent variable such as 1 (L4)


the distance travelled
the time to move down the ramp
the force needed to start the object moving
the angle of the ramp at which the object starts moving
accept the time to reach a given point
accept angle or height of ramp
accept speed
a dependent variable (DV) without an
independent variable (IV) can gain credit

Ballard School 1
any appropriate equipment to measure the dependent variable such as 1 (L4)
ruler or metre rule
stopwatch or timer or light gates
newton meter
protractor
accept tape measure
accept clock
do not accept a measurement strategy
if a DV is not given or is incorrect

(c) any appropriate control variable such as 1 (L4)


the object used
the angle of the slope
the surface used
the height of the ramp
the length of the ramp accept distance travelled
only give credit for a control variable which
does not conflict with the suggested
investigation
[4]

3. (a) A and B both answers are required for the mark 1 (L5)
answers may be in any order

(b) (i) any one from 1 (L5)

the longer the string, the longer it takes


accept the converse

the longer the string the more time it takes


references to both length and time are
required for the mark

(ii) A and C and D answers may be in any order 1 (L5)


accept B and C and D if part (a) is correct
all three answers are required for the mark

(c) E: 10.0 accept 10 1 (L6)


F: from 18 to 25
both answers are required for the mark
[4]

Ballard School 2
4. (a) they are furthest from the Sun accept they are further from the Sun 1
or they are furthest away or Pluto is
furthest from the Sun
do not accept they are far from the Sun

(b) (i) it is below the freezing point of water 1


accept it would freeze or it is too cold
(ii) it is above the boiling point of water 1
accept it would boil or it would evaporate
or it is too hot
do not accept it would dry up or it is too
close to the Sun

(c) Jupiter 1

(d) Mercury 1
(e) gravity 1
do not accept weight
[6]

5. (a) 150 1
(b) there is nothing to balance the force of the string 1
accept it is pushed by the string accept
there is a forward force acting on it accept
potential energy is converted to kinetic
energy or energy from the bow is
transferred to the arrow

(c) any one from 1


because they are not in opposite directions
accept because they are in different
directions or because they are at an angle
to each other or because they are not both
horizontal
do not accept because they are at an angle
because they do not act along the same line
accept gravity pulls down and friction
pushes across

Ballard School 3
(d) any one from 1
because the force is concentrated in a much smaller area
accept because the area in contact is
smaller
or because there is a smaller area
because pressure is force divided by area
[4]

6. (a) any one from 1 (L5)


she is not moving or falling
accept she has not dived or jumped
award a mark for an answer which implies
she is not moving
she is standing still
accept she is still

(b) (i) 8 1 (L5)


(ii) any one from 1 (L6)
the total energy is the same
accept they are the same
the gravitational potential and the kinetic energy add up to 8
accept they all add up to 8

(c) (i) gravity 1 (L5)


accept gravitational or gravitational pull
accept weight
do not accept mass

(ii) any one from 1 (L6)


the distance between stages or drawings increases
accept they are further apart
she falls further each time
accept the positions are further apart
accept the arrows get longer
accept her kinetic energy increases
by the position of her body is insufficient

Ballard School 4
(d) any one from 1 (L6)
friction
accept water resistance
do not accept air resistance
drag
accept upthrust
resistance is insufficient
[6]

7. (a) (i) 75 accept 50 1.5 1 (L7)


Nm 1 (L7)
do not accept lower case n
50 1.5
(ii) 750 accept or 50 15 1 (L7)
0. 1
accept the numerical answer to part (i) 0.1

(b) any one from 1 (L7)


a current flows in the coil
the coil or the iron core accept there is a magnetic field or the
becomes magnetised electromagnet switches on
do not accept the core becomes magnetic
any one from 1 (L7)
the counterweight is attracted
to the coil or core or the
electromagnet
the electromagnet produces a accept the left-hand side of the barrier
bigger moment moves down
the right-hand side moves up is insufficient
[5]

8. (a) 500 1
N cm accept 5 N m for both marks 1

(b) 125 consequential marking applies 1


accept answer to(a) 4 cm

(c) (i) 1500 1


N/cm2 accept 15 000 000 N/m2 for both marks 1

Ballard School 5
(ii) any one from 1
increase handle length
decrease distance from pivot to peg
reduce the area of the peg
accept sharpen it or make it a cylinder
or hollow
[6]

9. (a) 180 seconds: the parachute opened 1


360 seconds: she landed answers must be in the correct order 1
do not accept her speed dropped

(b) any one from 1


the slope of the graph decreases or the curve gets less steep
the graph begins to level out
the acceleration gets less accept it curves between A and B
(c) B and D letters may be in either order both 1
letters are required for the mark

(d) (i) any answer between 1000 m and 1350 m 1


the unit is required for the mark
(ii) because its speed takes time to reach 6 m/s 1
accept because the speed is not constant

because it was slowing down at first

because the speed is difficult to read


accept because the speed may not be
exactly 6 m/s
accept because the graph curves at the
corner
[6]

10. (a) (i) 40 N/cm2 the unit is required for the mark 1
accept 400 000 Pa
(ii) 200 N the unit of force is required for the 1
mark consequential marking applies
accept numerical answer to (a)(i) 5 cm2

Ballard School 6
(b) (i) 200 N the unit is required for the mark 1
(ii) 1600 N the unit of force is required for the 1
mark consequential marking applies
accept numerical answer to (b) (i) 8
[4]

Ballard School 7