Debra J. Rahn Headquarters, Washington, D.C.

(Phone: 202/453-8455) RELEASE: 90-105

July 27, 1990

U.S. AND U.S.S.R. AGREE ON OZONE MONITORING FROM SPACE

An agreement was signed in Moscow on Wednesday, July 25, to fly NASA's Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) on a Soviet Meteor-3 spacecraft in l99l. The flight of the TOMS instrument on the Meteor-3 will provide critical environmental data on the yearly variability of the ozone hole over Antarctica. The agreement was signed by George P. Esenwein, Flight Programs Branch, Earth Science and Applications Division, Office of Space Science and Applications, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C. and Dr. N. N. Petrov, Deputy Chief of Main Department, Soviet State Committee for Hydrometeorology, Moscow, following the U.S./U.S.S.R. Earth Sciences Joint Working Group (JWG) meeting. Since l978, the TOMS instrument aboard the Nimbus-7 satellite has monitored global ozone concentrations, focusing on the annual depletion of ozone over the southern hemisphere and the development of the Antarctic ozone hole. Since Nimbus-7 has already performed well beyond its design lifetime, the TOMS/Meteor-3 mission will quarantee continuous measurements of the crucial global ozone data set until the next scheduled TOMS flight aboard a U.S. spacecraft in l993. That flight will be followed in 2 to 3 years by a TOMS instrument flight aboard a Japanese ADEOS satellite. Both missions have been proposed to Congress as part of the new "Earth Probes" program requested in

the President's fiscal year l99l budget. Global ozone measurements are a key element of the Mission to Planet Earth program to better understand environmental changes on Earth and the nature of global change. TOMS measurements also will be an important complement to the Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS), planned for launch in l99l to make extensive observations of the physics and chemistry of the upper atmosphere. - more -2The Earth Sciences JWG was established under the U.S./U.S.S.R. Space Science Agreement signed in April l987. The agreement was expanded to allow the exchange of flight opportunities for scientific instruments on each other's spacecraft during the May-June l988 Reagan/Gorbachev Moscow Summit. TOMS will be the first U.S. instrument to fly on a Soviet spacecraft under this agreement. - end NASA news releases and other NASA information is available electronically on CompuServe and GEnie, the General Electric Network for Information Exchange. For information on CompuServe, call 1-800-848-8199 and ask for representative 176. For information on GEnie, call 1-800-638-9636.

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