You are on page 1of 15


Railway Yards
• Yards is system of tracks laid usually on a level
within defined limits for receiving, storing
sorting making up train, dispatch of vehicles
and for other purposes over which moment
are not authorised by time table.

Types of Yards  Marshalling Yards
• 1. Passenger  bogie Yard • A. Flat Yards
• 2. Goods yards 
• 3. Marshalling Yards 
• B. Gravitational Yards
• 4. Locomotive Yards • C. Hump Yards


10‐10‐2017 2 .

Shunting operations should not interfere  with the time table of regular trains 2. 10‐10‐2017 Important functions of marshalling yard • Receptions  • Sorting • Storing  • Departure  Factors to be considered for efficient functioning  of marshalling Yard 1. For sorting out wagons effectively and  for shunting operations various facilities  like shunting neck. flat or hump yards  should be provided   3 .

breakes 6. It should be constructed at all the important junctions and the Men to run along the wagons and apply the wagon  stations which covers main rout. Manual Method 5.  4 . Future expansion should be considered while designing the Stopping of wagon  marshalling yard. Usually constructed at junction or near to the  marshalling yard. weigh bridge shall be provided to Skids Method increase the efficiencies In this method skids are placed on the rails and thus  the friction developed stops the ferther movement Locomotive Yard • These are the yard where the locomotives are  housed and all the facilities for servicing and  stability are provided. It able to  carrying out minor  repairs and turning the engine round if necessary. 4. coal stock. Multiple yards – separate yard for up and down shall be constructed at all important junctions Automatic method 7. Ash pits. Additional sidings should be provided to exchange goods from Automatic breaking is employed by electrically by  sick or defective wagons virtue of retarders  8. Water . 10‐10‐2017 3. etc. Design of yard should such that shunting can be done properly. – Coaling – Watering – Repairing – Oiling – Cleaning.

3. To ensure the safety of two or more trains that have to  cross or approach each other. 7. means of which 2. running on the same line in the same direction. To maintain a safe distance between trains that are  – trains are operated efficiently. 6. To provide facilities for safe and efficient shunting. Classification of signals  • Operational Characteristics  • Functional  Characteristics  • Locational  Characteristics  • Special  Characteristics    5 . To regulate the movement of trains so that they run  • Signalling made up of system of devices by  safely at maximum permissible speeds. To guide the trains to run at restricted speeds during  the maintenance and repair of tracks. – Maintaining the safety of the passenger and staff 4. To regulate the arrival and departure of trains from  the station yard. 5. – and tracks are used to maximum extent. 10‐10‐2017 Signalling Objects of Signalling 1. To ensure the safety of the train when it comes in  contact with road traffic at level crossings.

10‐10‐2017 • Locational  Characteristics  • Operational  – Reception Signal Characteristics – Outer Signal – Detonation Signal (Fog or  Audible) – Home Signal – Hand Signal (Visual Indication) – Departure Signal  – Fixed Signal (Visual Indication) – Starter • Functional Characteristics – Advance Starter – Stop or Simaphore Signal – Warner Signal • Special  Characteristics   – Shunting Signal (Disk Or  – Repeator or co‐acting Signal Ground Signals) – Coloured light Signal – Routing Signals – Calling on Signal – Point indicators – Modified lower quaderant Semaphore signal – Miscellaneous Signals 6 .

10‐10‐2017 7 .

10‐10‐2017 8 .

  – Advance Starter Caution) – Routing  – Shunting 9 . 10‐10‐2017 Semaphore + WRNER signal  We have seen up to Now  • Functional • Operational  • Locational  Characteristics  – Hand Operated – Audio  – Reception Signal (Flag. Light. Semaphore. Warner. Indications ) – Visual – Outer Signal – Home Signal – Fixed – Departure Signal  – Starter (Stop.

located at a distance than 180 m from the start of points and switches 10 . This may be provided with a Warner on the same post 4. Thus protects the already occupied sidings 4. Provided with multiple brackets depending upon number of lines at the station 3. Placed at sufficient distance from the station 3. Driver has to bring the train to a stop at a distance of about 90 m before the outer signal Reception Signal – Home 1. Fist stop signal before the entry from block section to station section 2. Placed just at the door of station 2.Outer Signal 1. 10‐10‐2017 Reception Signal .

10‐10‐2017 11 .

10‐10‐2017 12 .

10‐10‐2017 13 .

10‐10‐2017 14 .

10‐10‐2017 15 .