Mark Hess/Ed Campion Headquarters, Washington, D.C.

(Phone: 202/453-8536) RELEASE: 91-18

February 4, 1991

NASA RELEASES FEBRUARY 1991 MIXED FLEET MANIFEST NASA today issued a February 1991 Mixed Fleet Manifest for both the Space Shuttle and expendable launch vehicles (ELV). Of the 26 Space Shuttle flights planned over the next 3 years, 18 missions will be for NASA payloads or joint NASA/international payloads with the Shuttle focusing on the performance of a variety of space science activities supporting life sciences, materials science and astrophysics investigations. The remainder of the flights during that time frame will support 2 international Spacelab missions, 2 flights of the commerciallyprovided Spacehab module, the retrieval and reboost of a stranded commercial communications satellite and three Department of Defense

missions. On a calendar year basis, there are 7 Space Shuttle launches planned in 1991, 8 in 1992 and 11 in 1993. The December 1990 manifest had 12 Space Shuttle launches in 1993. The Mixed Fleet Manifest shows 13 launches by expendable vehicles over the next 3 years; 3 launches in the small vehicle class, 7 in the medium category and 3 in the intermediate class. Among the payloads planned for launch on ELVs are the Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer and Geotail on Delta II vehicles in December 1991 and July 1992, respectively, and the Mars Observer on a Titan III in September 1992.

NASA plans 7 Space Shuttle launches in 1991, the first being STS39 which is an unclassified, dedicated Defense Department mission carrying payloads belonging to the Air Force and the Stategic Defense Initiative Organization. NASA's Gamma Ray Observatory is planned for launch in April and the first Spacelab Life Sciences mission is planned in May aboard orbiter Columbia. Following that flight, Columbia will be returned to the Rockwell International facility in Palmdale, Calif., for an extensive inspection and modification period during which changes will be made to accommodate the extended duration orbiter pallet. - more -2The final 4 flights for 1991 will carry the following primary payloads, respectively: the fifth Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (July), a DOD Defense Support Program satellite (August), NASA's Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (November) and the first International Microgravity Laboratory Spacelab mission (December). Space Shuttle highlights in 1992 will include the first flight of a new space-age tool, called the Tethered Satellite System, a joint U.S./Italian project. The European Space Agency's European Retrievable Carrier also will be deployed on this flight and an Italian Payload Specialist and Mission Specialist Claude Nicollier of Switzerland both will fly for the first time on this mission. The first Japanese Payload Specialist to fly with NASA, Dr. Mamoru Mohri, will be on the Spacelab-J mission in September. Also making its debut in 1992 will be the Space Shuttle orbiter Endeavour. On its maiden flight, STS-49, astronauts will attach a new perigee kick motor to a stranded INTELSAT communications satellite which failed to reach its proper orbit after launch on a Titan rocket. Columbia will return to flight status in mid 1992 carrying the first U.S. Microgravity Laboratory. A major milestone in the 1993 launch year is the first revisit to the Hubble Space Telescope, planned for STS-64 near the end of the year. Also planned for 1993 is the second German Spacelab mission including the flight of two German Payload Specialists. Throughout this 3-year period a variety of activities in support of Space Station Freedom development will be performed. These include two flights with planned space walks to test planned Space Station

equipment and techniques, two zero-gravity thermal system tests, two tests of environmental control system concepts and verification of other system concepts and operating techniques. -endNASA news releases and other information are available electronically on CompuServe and GEnie, the General Electric Network for Information Exchange. For information on CompuServe, call 1800/848-8199 and ask for representative 176. For information on GEnie, call 1-800/638-9636.