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12d Model Manual W02: Network Editor

12d Model Training Notes

W02: Network Editor

12d NZ Ltd

Version 10.0
January 14

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12d Model Training W02: Network Editor

12d Model V10.0 W02: Network Editor Training Notes

V10.0 January 14

12d Model is supplied without any express or implied warranties whatsoever.
No warranty of fitness for a particular purpose is offered.
No liabilities in respect of engineering details and quantities produced by 12d Model are accepted.
While every effort has been taken to ensure that the advice given in this manual and the program
12d Model is correct, no warranty is expressed implied by 12d Solutions Pty Ltd and or 12d NZ

This manual is copyrighted and all rights reserved.
These notes may not, in whole or part, be copied or reproduced without the prior consent in writing
from 12d NZ Limited.
Copies of 12d Model software must not be released to any party, or used for bureau applications
without the written permission of 12d Solutions Pty Ltd.

12d NZ Limited is an authorised distributor of 12d Model Civil and Surveying Software

Copyright 1989 2012 by 12d Solutions Pty Ltd.

Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
ACN 101 351 991
All rights reserved.

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12d Model Manual W02: Network Editor

Table of Contents
1.1 Loading a Drainage Network 2
1.2 Navigating the Network Editor 2
Set Pit Details .............................................................3
Regrade Pipes ............................................................3

1.3 Network Editor Tabs 3

1.4 Global Settings 4
Global > Main Tab ......................................................4
Global > Utility Models Tab ........................................4

1.5 Default Settings 5

Defaults > Catchments ...............................................5
Defaults > Pits ............................................................5
Default > Pipes ...........................................................6


2.1 Default Naming 8
2.2 Change Pit Types 8
2.3 Pit Labeling (Plotting) 9


Global > Utility Models ..............................................10


4.1 Pit Size and Shape definitions 11
4.2 Connection Positions 11
Default Positions ......................................................11
Pre-Defined Positions ...............................................12

4.3 Applying Pit Connection Points 12

DNE Global Tab .......................................................12

4.4 Connection Point Types 12


5.1 Write Drainage Template 13
5.2 Read and Apply Drainage Template 13

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12d Model Training W02: Network Editor

1.0 The Network Editor

The drainage network editor is used to automatically or manually change the attributes of your
drainage network. These abilities include:
Changing the vertical alignment (invert levels) of the network
Automatic naming of pits
Service clash checking and reporting
Hydrology including;
Assigning and updating catchment areas
Hydrological parameters and flow/runoff calculations
Bypass flow routes and calculations
Hydraulics including;
Pipe analysis and sizing
Outlet and tailwater conditions

1.1 Loading a Drainage Network

Select Network Editor or;
Design > Drainage-Sewer > Network Editor

Select <Pick Edit> and pick on a drainage


The pit that was selected is highlighted with a circle and an arrow shows the direction of flow. The
option buttons on the drainage editor now become active.
1.2 Navigating the Network Editor

Go-to List Loop through the network pits

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12d Model Manual W02: Network Editor

Auto-Apply enabled, the Apply button need not be selected after making changes in the
editor settings.

Auto-Pan is always on and any plan view showing active drainage network selected will
always auto pan if the selected pit is not in the view.

Auto-Redraw enabled, the editor will regenerate the section view when changes are made in
the vertical. This saves selecting Regen on the section views.
Set Pit Details
Selecting Set Pit Details will set the cover levels and setout coordinates for all of the pits in the
network. Other attributes are set as well but they will be discussed later. A prompt box appears
asking you to confirm. Select Yes. To toggle off/on the confirm request RB Set Pit Details.
Regrade Pipes
Selecting the Regrade Pipes button regrades all of the pipes in the network. A prompt box
appears asking you to confirm. Select Yes. To toggle off/on the confirm request RB.
Minimum grade and cover are checked and trunk lines are lowered to accept incoming branch
lines. Grade is calculated using the pit centre to centre distance. Locks and explicit settings for pit
and pipes will be discussed later in these notes.
1.3 Network Editor Tabs
Design values for the hydrology and hydraulics calculations are set either globally (one value for
the entire network) or via Defaults for the pits or pipes. Defaults values may be overridden by
explicit settings found on the catchment, pits or pipes tab. Explicit pit/pipe settings need only be
specified if the default value is not desired.

Explicit drainage settings for Catchments/Pits/Pipes.

Values specified as specific override the values set in the
Defaults tab.

Default settings for Catchments/Pits/Pipes of the

drainage network. The values specified in as Defaults
will be applied to the entire network unless overridden
in the Explicit settings

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1.4 Global Settings

The Global tab in the Drainage Network Editor (DNE) contains a range of settings that have only
one value impact on the entire network, and cannot be changed on individual pits or pipes of the
Global > Main Tab
Universal Data
These settings control the units used for calculations, metric units such as m/sec. This is also the
location where the FS tin can be selected or changed, which in turn calculates the pit cover rl and
pipe cover values.

Catchment Data
These settings are where the hydrological runoff method for the network is selected, such as
Rational or ILSAX 2 and also control the hydraulics calculation method.
For Rational calculations, this is the only location where the impervious C value can be entered.
An associated rainfall file can be selected for the network drainage analysis.

Allowable Velocity Ranges

Velocity values can be entered here and will be reported on when a hydraulic analysis is carried
out. The ranges for pipe peak velocities are used for checking purposes only. If the velocities are
outside this range, warning messages will be given in the output window.

Global > Utility Models Tab

This is the location where user created custom files which typically reference other models from
the design database, such as catchment models.
These custom files will be covered in more detail later in the notes.

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1.5 Default Settings

The items under the default settings are user defined default values to be used in the network
design. These values are applied to all catchments, pits and pipes unless a pit or pipe has an
explicit override value specified in the individual settings tabs.
Defaults > Catchments

Percentage Impervious
The default percent impervious for the network is set on the Defaults->Catchment Defaults tab
and the explicit settings are on the Catchment tab. The percent impervious is used to determine
the area for the impervious and pervious components and the composite C value.
Time of Concentration Method
There are several methods for entering times of concentration for the catchment areas. Default and
explicit settings (catchment tabs) are entered/calculated for both the methods and values for the
pervious and impervious areas. Since each catchment may use a different tc method, all of the tc
parameter fields on the defaults tab are active. They must be filled in even if you do not plan on
using that value.
Defaults > Pits
Cover RL mode, Grate RL mode and Sump offset
The cover level is used for the top of the manhole structure and is used in the long section plotting.
It should not be confused with the grate rl mode or the Setout Z mode.
The grate level is set via the Grate rl mode. This level is used by 12d when determining the
freeboard level and when calculating depth of flooding at SAG pits. The grate level is often
exported to other design packages. Most Grate RL modes need no explanation. The Sz + Setout
string is a good option when the grate level is a constant offset from the setout string.
The Sump offset creates a sump below the lowest pipe invert connecting to the pit. It is generally
zero or negative.

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Ku Method
The Pit loss Ku is used to model the energy losses through the pits. Three methods are available,
Direct (user entered), Ku,Kw via charts (may be negative), or Ku,Kw >0 via charts where all
negative values are changed to zero.
Inlet data
These values are used the calculation of inlet capacities and routing for the reduction of excess
Setout Data
These default settings work in conjunction with a Roads Files to locate a setout position for the pit
on another design string e.g. top of kerb.
Default > Pipes

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Roughness Type
The default friction loss method and pipe roughness method are set here (Colebrook or Manning).
Invert Design
12d has 5 design modes for setting the pipe inverts upstream and downstream of the manholes.
These work together with the 4 pipe cover modes.
Cover File
The Cover file allows the user to specify different default cover limits for different pipe types.
Grade File
The Grade file allows the user to specify allowable pipe gradient values based on pipe diameter.
Drop File
The Drop file contains the drops that change with the pipe deflection angle.
Pipe Size Design
The Design mode has 4 options.
Pressurised Pipe: Freeboard: Design does not use partial depths in the pipes and pipe sizes
selected by checking the pit freeboard.
Part-full Pipe: Freeboard Design is similar to option 1 except gradual varied flow and hydraulic
jumps are calculated in the pipes. Critical depth is the minimum depth at the upstream end of the
Part-full Pipe: Flow-depth Design is the similar to option 2 except the pipe sizes are selected by
checking the normal depth in the pipe against the Flow-depth limit. Freeboard is also checked in
this mode and if required the pipe will increase in size.
Open Channel: Freeboard Design is similar to option 2 except depths at the upstream end of the
pipe may be less than critical depth for steep pipes (supercritical flow at the entrance).
The Freeboard limit is used for all Design modes. The freeboard is measured down from the grate
level (Cover RL plus Grate offset).
The Flow-depth limit at pipe entrance (%) is used in Design mode 3. If the flow depth in the pipe is
greater than this value the pipe size is increased.

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2.0 Pit Naming and Labeling

This section covers the network editor functionality which enables the entire network of pits to be
named and renamed as the design changes. This naming can be a simple default naming or
different pre or postfix names depending on the pit type.
2.1 Default Naming

Select <Set Pit Names>

Key in Default Prefix HW

Naming Separator i.e. A.1

Select <Run>

2.2 Change Pit Types

Before naming via the pit type, we need to change the pit types of the catchpits/sumps to the
correct pit type.

From the Pit tab, select the new Pit Type

Repeat for all drainage strings starting with a number.

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Naming by Pit Type

Go to <Set Pit Names>

Select the folder from the Pit naming file and from the User_lib select
12d NZ Pit Names.pit_naming

Select <Run>
Select <Back to Editor>
2.3 Pit Labeling (Plotting)

Select <Plot>
Plan Annotations

Select the folder from the Drainage plan PPF and from the User_lib
select 12d NZ_DRAIN_PLOT.drainplanppf

Longsection Plots

Select the folder from Drainage long-section PPF and from the User_lib
select 12d NZ_A1_DRAIN (acad).drainppf

Select <Plot>
Create two Plan Views (Views > Create > Plan View)
Add the Models SW ALGN Labels and SW ALGN LS Plot2 to the respective views.

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3.0 Utility Models Roads File

The road design file is used to automatically link the pit to a road setout string and a road centre
line string. This enables the following:
1. The pit symbols will rotate to align with the setout strings and the centre line string will ensure
the symbol is rotated for the left and right side of the road.. Manual picking of these strings may be
found on Pits->Setout->String selection.
2. The grate level for surcharging calculations can be obtained from the setout string.
3. Construction setout points and levels can be calculated from these strings. The centre of the pit
or setout point can also be dropped perpendicular onto the road centre line to obtain the road
chainage and offset distance. This data is printed in the pit schedules, plotted on the plan
annotations or listed on the drainage long sections. The setout point and level can be set to the
centre of the pit or it can be linked to a road design string.
4. Road grades and crossfalls for inlet capacity calculations use these strings (bypass model
Global > Utility Models

Select the folder from the Road design file and from the User_lib select
12d NZ Road Design.road_des

Remove the User_lib path

Key in or select the models

specific to your project

Select <Write>

Select <Set Pit Details> and re-plot

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4.0 Pit Connection Points

4.1 Pit Size and Shape definitions
The use of pit connection points is a new feature in 12d Model Version 10. This functionality works
in conjunction with the ability to model the actual size and shape of a pit via the drainage.4d file
and/or the Pit diameter and width values in the DNE.
As a first point of reference the pit definition in the drainage.4d file may have a mhsize or mhdiam
definition in the file which overrides the user ability to manually change the pit size in the Pit tab of
the DNE. An example of this definition in the drainage.4d file is shown below.

For the above example, the pit in 12d Model will be created with these dimensions and the values
in the Pit tab will be populated

Note that the values cannot be edited

as the values are set in the

4.2 Connection Positions

The positions for the pipe connection point either be automatically calculated or pre-set points
specified in the drainage.4d file.
Default Positions
If preset positions are not defined then the pit connection points once selected will be
Circular Pits: The perimeter of the nominal diameter.
Rectangular pits: The midpoint of the sides

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Pre-Defined Positions
Pre-defined pipe connection positions can be defined in the drainage.4d file under the manhole
definition. These values relate to coordinate positions relative to the centre point of the particular
pit. This enables multiple connection points to be defined for each pit.
e.g. A large chamber like a sand filter may have pre- determined pipe entry and exit points which
are fabricated at the time of manufacture or have soft (break-in) points in the external walls of the
An example of pre-defined connection points in the drainage.4d file is shown below.

4.3 Applying Pit Connection Points

DNE Global Tab

Check Use pit connection points

Select <Set Pit Details>

4.4 Connection Point Types

In the DNE Pit/Setout Tab, users can choose the pit connection type they require for a particular pit
(note that the default type is Points

Centre: Pit Centre

Points: Connection Points
Perimeter: Free placement on pit perimeter
Unrestricted: Place at any point free of Pit

To modify pipe position select Strings > Points Edit > Move

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5.0 Saving and Exporting DNE settings

A new feature in 12d Model Version 10 is the ability to transfer the DNE settings from one drainage
design Model to another. This will allow easier transfer and setting of regional drainage design
settings/standards to new drainage networks.
5.1 Write Drainage Template
To write or export a drainage models settings select Design > Drainage-Sewer > Create >
Create/Read Template

Select mode Write and select the drainage

Model to write the settings from.

Key in a drainage template name

Select <Process>
5.2 Read and Apply Drainage Template
To read and apply a drainage models settings select Design > Drainage-Sewer > Create >
Create/Read Template

Select mode Read and select the drainage

Model to apply the DNE settings to.

Select drainage template file.

Select <Process>

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