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YOUR QUESTION BANK Rev 03 29-09-2016

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YOUR own QUESTION BANK WORRIED ABOUT LANDING YOUR


325 Questions with answers DREAM JOB ?
YOUR KEY FOR CRACKING INTERVIEW 1. KEEP PRACTICING YOUR TECHNICAL SKILLS
THROUGH THIS QUESTION BANK
2. DEVELOP ENGLISH SPEAKING SKILLS
3. LEARN HOW TO USE EXCEL FOR SITES

FOR LEARNING & PRACTICING EXCEL


TAKE EXPERT GUIDANCE
CONTACT the author FOR MORE DETAILS :
Santosh Kulkarni
business.diagnostics@gmail.com or
SANTOSH KULKARNI SANTOSH KULKARNI
REMEMBER : REV 03 DATED 29.09.2016
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BRIEF INTRODUCTION OF AUTHOR

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SANTOSH KULKARNI
BE (CIVIL ) 1976 BATCH
GOLD MEDAL
EXPERIENCE OF 40 YEARS
WORKING AS A CONSULTANT SINCE
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www.quora.com

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HOW TO USE this Why is this IMPORTANT ?


QUESTION BANK ? 1. EVERY INTERVIEWER FIRST WANTS TO
1. DOWNLOAD THIS ON YOUR HAND SET KNOW WHETHER YOU KNOW THE BASICS
2. ASK THE QUESTIONS to YOURSELVES 2. THESE VERY BASIC QUESTIONS ARE
3. ATTEMPT THE ANSWERS COMPILED DURING THE CLASS ROOM
4. ONLY THEN REFER TO THE ANSWER SECTION SESSIONS.
5. Also PRACTICE WITHIN YOUR GROUP 3. IF YOU KNOW THE ANSWERS , THIS MEANS
6. MAKE A TARGET OF REMEMBERING each YOU KNOW THE BASICS.
4. THIS SHALL ALSO INCREASE YOUR
and every one OF THESE 325 QUESTIONS.
CONFIDENCE BEFORE THE INTERVIEW
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SECTION 01
BEST OF LUCK to YOU ! PICTORIAL QUIZ for YOU !
OBSERVE THE
GIVEN
PHOTGRAPHS ,
Note the
QUESTION
AND
ANSWER with
CONFIDENCE !

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CHAIR /ISTHIS
1. WHAT
1. / CALLED
? 2. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?

3. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?

4.HOW MUCH SLOPE IS GIVEN ?

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5. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? 8. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?

6. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?

7. WHERE IS THIS USED ?

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9. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? 11. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?

10. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?

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12. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? 13. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?

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14. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? 17. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?

15. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ? 18. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?

16. WHAT IS THE SIZE ? 19. WHAT IS THE OTHER NAME ?


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20. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? 23. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?

21. WHAT IS THE DENSITY ?

22. IS THIS HEAVIER THAN CLAY BRICKS ?


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24. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? 26. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?

25. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?

27. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?

28. HOW MUCH IS THE LENGTH ?


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29. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? 31. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?

32. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?

30. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?

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ANSWERS to the PICTORIAL QUIZ


1. CHAIR / /
FRIENDS ,
HERE ARE THE
ANSWERS !

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5. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?


CHICKEN WIRE MESH
2. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?
BRICK BAT COBA 6. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?
3. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ? PREVENTING CRACKS AT THE JOINTS
PROVIDING SLOPE

4.HOW MUCH SLOPE IS GIVEN ?


1:100 TO 1:120

7. WHERE IS THIS USED ?


BRICK WORK & RCC JOINTS
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9. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?


8. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?
JUNCTION BOX
OVER BURNT BRICKS

10. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?


CONCEALED CONDUITS

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11. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?


WAIST SLAB 12. WHAT IS THIS CALLED
SCAFFOLDING/SCAFFOLD/ / / /

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13. WHAT IS THIS CALLED 14. WHAT IS THIS CALLED


MORTAR // ? A MEASURING FARMA

15. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?


CORRECT PROPORTIONING THE INGREDIENTS OF
CONCRETE /MORTAR
16. WHAT IS THE SIZE ?
12*12*15
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17. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? 20. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?


BENT UP BARS AAC BLOCKS
AUTOCLAVED AERATED CONCRETE
BLOCKS

21. WHAT IS THE DENSITY ?


18. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ? 600 KG/CUM
TO RESIST THE DIAGONAL
SHEAR
22. IS THIS HEAVIER THAN CLAY BRICKS ?
19. WHAT IS THE OTHER NAME ? NO. IT IS LIGHTER THAN BRICKS
CRANK BARS /FLEXURAL BARS
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23. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? 24. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ?


ISOLATED BOX FOOTING COPING

25. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?


PROTECTON OF THE MASONRY BELOW THIS

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26. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? 29. WHAT IS THIS CALLED


DOWEL BARS DUMMY COLUMN

27. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?


30. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?
CONTINUITY BETWEEN OLD & NEW CONCRETE
1.TO PROTECT THE DOWEL BARS FROM RUSTING
28. HOW MUCH IS THE LENGTH ? 2. TO PROVIDE SAFETY
HORIZONTAL : 60*D
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VERTICAL : 45*D
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31. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? SECTION 02


LINTEL BEAM
FILL IN THE BLANKS for YOU !
JUST READ THE
SENTENCE ,
OBSERVE THE GAP
32. WHAT IS THIS CALLED ? and fill up the
SILL missing word ..
Let us see how
much you score

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FILL IN THE BLANKS 11. THESE LOADS ARE TO BE CALCULATED FOR


DESIGNINGSTRUCTURE : .., LIVE LOAD, .. AND
SEISMIC LOADS.
1. 1 HECTARE : SQFT.
12. THE LIVE LOAD FOR A COMMERCIAL BUILDING SHALL
2. 1 GUNTHA : . SQFT. BE .KG/SQM.
3. 1 CEMENT BAG : . KG. 13. CONCRETE PLUS STEEL BARS MAKE .
4. 1 MT SHALL HAVE KG 14. FULL FORM OF AAC BLOCKS IS :.
5. 1 KL SHALL HAVE LITERS OF WATER 15. IF WE FACE NORTH , THE EAST SHALL BE ON THE
.HAND SIDE.
6. A WATER TANK OF 8 CUM CAN RETAIN .LITERS
16. MOST COMMON SHAPE OF COLUMN IS ..
OF WATER
17. SLAB IS SUPPORTED ON ..
7. DENSITY OF CONCRETE ..KG/CUM 18. PORTION BELOW TOILET IS KEPT.
8. DENSITY OF STEEL .KG/CUM 19. A RCC BEAM IN INTERNAL WALLS AT SILL LEVEL IS
9. COLUMN IS SUPPORTED ON .. CALLED.
10.BEAM IS SUPPORTED ON .. 20. CONCRETE GIVEN ON TOP OF A WALL IS CALLED.
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21.PRESTRESSED CONCRETE MEANS RCC +


22.MORTAR MEANS CEMENT +WATER +..
23.RCC MEANS CONCRETE +.
24.CHAJJA IS AN ..PROJECTION
25.LOFT IS AN ..PROJECTION
26.MEZZANINE FLOOR IS BETWEEN.AND
.FLOORS
27.LOWERMOST LEVEL IS..
28.UPPERMOST LEVEL IS
29.PLINTH CONSISTS OF FLOORING,PCC .AND
MURRUM FILLING
30. MURRUM IS COMPACTED BY.RAMMER
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31.IN A ROOM , THE LOWERMOST LEVEL IS.AND THE 41.SHAPE OF A BALLI [ ] IS .......
UPPERMOST LEVEL IS
42.SHAPE OF IS .
32.SILL LEVEL SHALL BE ALWAYS .THAN THE LINTEL
LEVEL. 43.MAXIMUM HEIGHT OF CASTING A COLUMN :
33.DHUMMAS IS USED TO .THE MURRUM FILLING 44.SIZE OF A CENETRING PLATE :..MM*MM
34. A MTERIC BRICK MEASURESMM*MM*MM 45.MS BARS ARE ALSO KNOWN AS ..BARS
35.A THOKLA BRICK MEASURES.**.. 46.GRADES OF HYSD BARS ARE FE ,FE ,FE
36.FULL FORM OF RCC IS .
47.BINDING WIRE DIAMETER :MM [ .GAUGE]
37.FULL FORM OF HYSD IS .
48. A STIRRUP IS ALSO KNOWN AS . OR .
38.WHEN WATER IS ADDED IN CEMENT .STARTS
49. . IS DONE ON RCC SURFACE TO IMPROVE THE
39.IN EXOTHERMIC REACTION , HEAT IS ..
.. BETWEEN CONCRETE & PLASTER
40. FRAMED STRUCTURES COULD BE OF OR OR
50. IS DONE ON SLAB FOR CURING
OR.. TYPE
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51. HORIZONTAL LAP IN THE REBAR SHALL BE.* D 61.THE GRADE OF MILD STEEL BARS IS ..
52.VERTICAL LAP IN THE REBAR SHALL BE ..* D 62.AAC BLOCKS ARE .THAN RED BRICKS.
53.OTHER TYPES OF HYSD BARS ARE , .., 63.RED BRICKS ARE .THAN FLYASH BRICKS.
54.TOR STEEL WAS INTRODUCED IN YEAR .. 64.RCC IS .THAN CONCRETE.
55. COLUMN SIDES TO BE REMOVED AFTER HOURS. 65.CONCRETE IS STRONG IN .AND .IN TENSION.
56. CURING ON RCC COLUMN IS DONE BY OR BY 66.FILLING A GAP BETWEEN CENETERING PLATES BY
CLOTH. WOODEN PLANK IS KNOWN AS.
57.AGGREGATES ARE ALSO KNOWN AS . , .. , 67.A BALLI IS STRONGER IF PLACED EXACTLY..
.. , ..
68.SAND USED AT SITE CAN BE EITHER.SAND OR
58.CEMENT IS OF .. TYPE AND TYPE.
69.HACKING IS ALSO KNOWN AS .
59.DENSITY OF BRICKS IS . KG/CUM.
70.CONCRETE IS TRANSPORTED IN A VEHICLE
60.DENSITY OF STEEL .. KG/CUM.
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KNOWN AS
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71. FOR UNDERSTANDING THE CHARACTER OF SOIL , 77. AS PER IS:456:2000 , MINIMUM DEPTH OF A
WE NEED TO DIG A .. FOOTING BELOW GL MUST BE .. MM.
72.THERE ARE .TYEPS OF FOUNDATION. 78. IF RED BRICKS ARE USED FOR A BUILDING , THEN
73.IN A PLOT , IF THERE ARE PITS EXCAVATED , IT THE FOOTING AREA SHALL BE .. THAN IF AAC
SHALL BE A ..FOUNDATION. BLOCKS ARE USED.
74.IF THE PILE RESTS ON THE HARD STRATA ,IT IS 79. THE AREA OF FOOTING FOR A BUILDING RESTING
KNOWN AS . ON HARD ROCK SHALL BE . THAN FOR A
75.IF A PILE DOES NOT REACH UPTO HARD STRATA , BUILDING WHICH RESTS ON HARD MURRUM.
IT IS DESIGNED AS A . 80.THE AREA OF FOOTING FOR A 25 STOREYED
76.THE SBC IS THE .. CARRYING CAPACITY OF A SOIL SHALL BE . THAN FOR A 4 STOREYED BUILDING
81. ON A RIVER BANK , A BUILDING IS LIKELY TO BE
PROVIDED WITH FOUNDATION
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82. A GROUP OF PILES IS ALSO KNOWN AS . OF 89. RIVER SAND, PIT SAND & OCEAN SAND OUT OF
PILES. THESE SANDS IS NOT SUITABLE FOR
83. FOR RCC , NORMALLY AGGREGATE OF SIZE .. CONSTRUCTION.
MM TO MM IS USED. 90. AN INTERMEDIATE FLOOR BETWEEN . AND .
FLOOR IS CALLED AS
84. NOW A DAYS , THE MILD STEEL ROUNDS ARE
USED AT SITES FOR 91. 1 CUM OF WATER SHALL WEIGH KG.
92. A WATER TANK OF INTERNAL VOLUME OF 6 CUM
85. IN A BEAM , THE STIRRUPS SHALL BE ..
CAN CONTAIN ..LITERS.
86.IN A COLUMN , THE LINKS SHALL BE . 93. COMPLETE THIS SERIES : MORTAR, PCC , RCC ,
87. THE LENGTH OF DOWEL BARS FOR COLUMN 94. A SHEATHING PROTECTS THE
SHALL BE .. IF BAR DIA IS 20 MM.
95. A 900 VAR PLOT CAN BE SAID TO BE HAVING
88. THE LENGTH OF DOWEL BARS FOR A SLAB SHALL SQFT.
BE .. IF BAR DIA IS 12 MM. SANTOSH KULKARNI 96. A COLUMN IN WOOD IS CALLED
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97. A COLUMN IN BRICKS IS CALLED.. 103. PCC BELOW FOOTING IS CALLED.


98.A COLUMN IN STEEL IS CALLED .. 104. IT IS DONE TO PROVIDE A SURFACE.
99. A BEAM IN STEEL IS CALLED AS . OR .. 105.PCC THICKNESS IS BETWEEN ..MM TO ,,,,MM
100. IN A FRAMED STRUCTURE , THE WALLS ARE 106.WIDTH OF PCC IS KEPT THAN FOOTING.
ALSO KNOWN AS . WALLS. 107.THE EXTRA WIDTH OF PCC IS NORMALLYMM.
108. 2 GUNTHE = .SQFT.
109.GRADE OF RIBBED BAR IS NORMALLY FE
110. CHAJJA IS THAN PORCH WHICH IS THAN
PORTICO
111.PATLI IS GIVEN THE MASONRY WHEREAS COPING IS
GIVEN ON.. OF MASONRY

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112.IF A FOOTING RAFT IS 1200 MM*1200MM , IT 117.IF THE SIZE OF EXCAVATION IS 2.5 M*2.5 M AND
CAN BE SAID AS : M* M. THE DEPTH OF EXCAVATION IS MEASURED AS 2 M ,
113.IF A RAFT IS 1600MM*1600MM , THE PCC SIZE WHAT IS THE VOLUME OF THE PIT IN CUM ? ..
SHALL BE :.* 118.HOW MUCH IS THE EXCAVATION IN BRASS IN
EXAMPLE NO 117 ?
114.IF A RAFT IS 1800MM*1600 MM AND IF THE
THICKNESS IS 400 MM , THE VOLUME OF THE 119. IF THE RAFT SIZE IS 1400 MM * 1400 MM , AND IF
THE PCC THICKNESS IS 200 MM , HOW MUCH SHALL
RAFT SHALL BE .........CUM.
BE THE VOLUME OF PCC ?.......................
115.IF A TRUCK MEASURES 22*9 AND THE DEPTH 120. IF THE BASE OF A TRIANGLE IS 25 M AND THE
OF SAND IS TAKEN AT 3 PLACES AS 3, 36 AND HEIGHT IS 18 M , WHAT IS THE AREA OF THE
39 , FIND OUT THE BRASS OF SAND IN THE TRAINGLE ?..............................
TRUCK .. 121.IF IN A TRAPEZIUM , ONE SIDE IS 40 M , OTHER SIDE
116.IF THE RATE OF SAND IS Rs.4800 PER BRASS , IS 60 M , THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THESE TWO SIDES
WHAT IS THE RATE PER CFT ?
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122. MOST COMMON GRADE FOR HYSD BARS IS FE 500


123.FOR DOING EXCAVATION FOR FOOTINGS , WE MUST
HAVE THE CENTRE LINE PLAN
124.IF WE ADD TENDON IN A RCC MEMBER , IT BECOMES
PRESTRESSED CONCRETE
125.FOUNDATION CAN BE OF TWO TYPES.
126.OPEN FOUNDATION CAN BE OF TWO TYPES.
127.ISOLATED COLUMN FOOTINGS CAN BE OF FOUR TYPES
128.COMBINED FOOTINGS CAN BE OF FIVE TYPES
129.PILES CAN BE OF THREE TYPES
130.REBARS CAN BE OF TWO TYPES
131.PILES CAN BE DESIGNED AS AN END BEARING PILE OR A
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132. FOR A BASEMENT , WE MUST DO BOX TYPE 143.WRITE 4 COMPONENTS OF MAIN STRUCTURE
WATERPROOFING
1. ..
133. IF IT IS AN ARE , IT SHALL HAVE 1076 SQFT.
134.IF IT IS AN HECTARE , IT SHALL HAVE 10,000 SQM. 2. ..
135.CONCRETE IS STRONG IN COMPRESSION BUT WEAK IN 3. ..
TENSION
4. ..
136.INGREDIENTS OF CEMENT CONCRETE ARE CEMENT , SAND ,
AGGREGATE AND WATER AND ADMIXTURES /ADDITIVES 144.WRITE 5 CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
137.INGREDIENTS OF CEMENT MORTAR ARE CEMENT , SAND , 1.
AND WATER
138.MOST COMMON SIZE OF A CENTERING PLATE IS 600 MM*900 MM 2.
139. AREA FOR A TRIANGLE WHOSE SIDES ARE ONLY KNOWN IS GIVEN BY
HERON S FORMULA 3.
140. 1 CUM = 35.29 CFT. 4. .
141.1 CUM = 0.3529 BRASS.
142.1 CUM OF WATER = 1000 KG = 1000 LITRES 5.
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145.IN A BUILDING , PROTECTION FROM RAIN 151.THE LENGTH OF DOWEL BAR IN A BEAM , FOR A BAR
WATER , SUN LIGHT IS GIVEN BY OF DIA 16 SHALL BE
146.IF TILES ARE FIXED ON AN INTERNAL WALL , IT IS 152.THE DOWEL LENGTH FOR A COLUMN BAR OF 20 DIA
KNOWN AS . SHALL BE ..
147.IF TILES ARE FIXED ON AN EXTERNAL WALL , IT IS 153.THE UNIT WEIGHT OF A 28MM BAR SHALL BE --------
KNOWN AS -
154.THE FORMULA FOR UNIT WEIGHT OF A BAR IS ------
148.IF TILES ARE FIXED ON AN INTERNAL FLOOR , IT
IS KNOWN AS 155.COVER FOR PILES SHALL BE ------------
156.COVER FOR A FOOTING SHALL BE -----------
149.IF TILES ARE FIXED ON AN EXTERNAL
HORIZONTAL SURFACE , IT IS KNOWN AS 157.COVER FOR A SHEAR WALL SHALL BE -----------
150.WHAT IS COMMON BETWEEN MORTAR & 158.BINDING WIRE SHALL BE OF DIA ----------
CONCRETE ?............ 159.UNIT WEIGHT OF 25 MM DIA BAR SHALL BE -----------
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160.COVER FOR SLAB SHALL BE -----------------
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161. CL OF A STRAIGHT BAR IN A FOOTING OF SIZE 166. TOP BARS IN A BEAM ARE ALSO KNOWN AS ---------------
1950*1950 SHALL BE :------------------- -
162.CL OF A BAR WITH DEVELOPMENT LENGTH IN A 167.RINGS ARE ALSO CALLED -------------------------
FOOTING OF SIZE 1650*1650 SHALL BE = ---------- 168.BENT UP BARS ARE ALSO KNOWN AS ------------------------
[ DEPTH OF RAFT : 600 ] 169.PATLI IS ALSO KNOWN AS -------------------
163.CL OF A STRAIGHT BAR IN A BEAM OF SPAN 170.A WOODEN PROP IS ALSO KNOWN AS BALLI OR
MUNDA
8950 SHALL BE ------------------
171. SPANS CAN BE ------- SPAN OR ------------ SPAN OR -------
164.CL OF A BAR WITH DEVELOPMENT LENGTH IN A SPAN
BEAM OF SPAN 8950 SHALL BE ------------ 172.COVER OF 40 MM IN COLUMN IS MAINTAINED BY -------
[ DEPTH OF BEAM : 450 ] -
165.THERE ARE 10 BARS OF DIA 20 MM ON EACH 173. THE ADDITIVES ARE OF -------- TYPES
SIDE OF SQUARE FOOTING OF SIZE 1500*1500 174.SAND IS AVAILABLE IN TYPES
.THE WEIGHT OF FOOTING JALI SHALL BE : ---------- 175.CEMENT FOR CONSTRUCTION IS AVAILABLE IN -----
------
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176.NORMALLY TYPES OF ..ARE ADDED TO 182.IN METRIC SYSTEM , THE LARGEST UNIT FOR
CONCRETE. MEASURING AREA IS CALLED .. IT HAS .. SQFT.
177...HELPS TO IMPROVE THE FLOW OF CONCRETE. 183.A .HAS 1089 SQFT.
178...INCREASES THE SETTING PERIOD OF CEMENT 184.AN ARE HAS SQFT.
179.IF A TM IS ARRIVING AT THE SITE , .. MUST BE 185.A .HAS 9 SQFT.
ADDED INTO IT IF IT IS GOING TO BE STUCK IN 186.A HAS 35.29 CFT.
TRAFFIC. 187. EIGHTH PORTION OF AN . IS CALLED SOOT.
180.FOR A SUNK PORTION , .. MUST BE ADDED TO 188.SMALLEST UNIT IN BRITISH SYSTEM TO
THE CONCRETE MEASURE LENGTH IS CALLED..
181.A TM , NORMALLY CARRIES. CUM OF 189.SMALLEST UNIT IN METRIC SYSTEM TO
CONCRETE MEASURE LENGTH IS CALLED..
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191. BINDING WIRE IS AVAILABLE IN . MM DIA 201.THE SPAN OF A BEAM IS 8500 MM AND THE
192.WEIGHT OF BINDING WIRE IS . KG/M DEPTH IS 550 MM , THE CL OF THE BENT UP BAR
193.IF THE RAFT SIZE IS 1500*1500 , THE PCC SIZE SHALL BE SHALL BE .
.. AND THE EXCAVATION SIZE SHALL BE .. 202.THE CL FOR THE RINGS FOR A BEAM OF CROSS
194.PCC IS ALSO KNOWN AS . COURSE SECTION 250*650 SHALL BE .
195. A .. IS USED TO CLAMP THE COLUMN /BEAM SIDES.
203.THE RING CL FOR A COLUMN OF CROSS SECTION
196. A TIE ROD IS USED TO .THE SIDES 650*650 SHALL BE ..
197. THE NORMAL SIZE OF A PLY USED FOR FORM WORK IS
.M*.M 204.SPAN OF A SLAB IS 6000 MM .THE THICKNESS IS
198.THE PLY USED FOR FORM WORK SHALL BE .
125 MM .THE CL FOR BU BAR SHALL BE ..
199...ARE USED FOR PLUGGING THE GAPS OF CENTERING 205.HIGHER IS THE WATER IN THE CONCRETE.
PLATES SHALL BE THE STRENGTH
200.THE NORMAL SIZE OF A CENTERING PLATE IS
SANTOSH KULKARNI SANTOSH KULKARNI
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206.CONCRETE PREPARED AT SITE IS CALLED . 213. IF THE INNER SIZE OF A WATER TANK IS
207.CONCRETE WHICH IS BROUGHT FROM OUTSIDE 3M*6M*2M , IT CAN SAFELY CONTAIN ..LITRES
OF WATER.
PLANT IS CALLED
214.DEAD WEIGHT OF A RCC BEAM OF SIZE
208.FOR BETTER QUALITY CONTROL IT IS ADVISABLE 250MM*600MM WITH SPAN 9.5M SHALL BE..
TO HAVE .CONCRETE. 215.DEAD WEIGHT OF A BRICK WALL OF HEIGHT : 4.5
209.THE WATER CONTENT IN THE CONCRETE IS M HAVING WIDTH OF 6.5M SHALL BE .. MT.
INDICATED BY THE . VALUE. [ WALL THICKNESS : 150 MM]
210.CONCRETE OF GRADE M25 MEANS A CONCRETE 216.DENSITY OF STEEL IS ..KG/M3
WHOSE .. STRENGTH AFTER 28 DAYS SHALL NOT 217.DENSITY OF AAC BLOCKS IS .. KG/M3
BE LESS THAN .. KG /CM2 218. A COLUMN IN STEEL IS CALLED ..
211. OPC MEANS 219.A BEAM IN STEEL IS CALLED
212.PPC MEANS. SANTOSH KULKARNI
220.A COLUMN IN BRICKS IS CALLED.
SANTOSH KULKARNI
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221.HOW DO WE KNOW WHICH GRADE OF 228.CONCRETE IS TESTED THROUGH CUBES OF SIZE


CONCRETE IS TO BE USED FOR A PROJECT ?......... :.*.*.

229.CEMENT IS TESTED THROUGH CUBES OF SIZE
222.WATER CONTENT IN CONCRETE IS SHOWN BY :.*.*.
THE FACTOR.
223.GRAIN SIZE OF SAND IS INDICATED BY THE 230.FOR CEMENT TESTING , MORTAR OF CEMENT
FACTOR :.. +.IS PREPARED.
224.THE SIZE OF A MEASURING FARMA IS .*.*. 231.THE .IS PROCURED FROM INNORE FOR
225.THE SLUMP CONE DIMENSIONS ARE .. CEMENT TESTING .
226.VEHICLE WHICH CARRIES CONCRETE FROM RMC 232.THERE ARE ..VAR IN 1 GUNTHA
PLANT IS . 233.THERE ARE .VAR IN AN ACRE
227.CONCRETE CAN BE EXPRESSED EITHER BY GRADE 234.THERE ARE SQFT IN A HECTARE
OR BY .
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235.THERE ARE ..SQFT IN A ARE
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236.NO OF BENT UPS IN A BAR IN ABEAM


243.THE THICKNESS OF A LEVELLING COURSE IS
ARE.WHERE AS FOR A SLAB BAR IT IS ..
USUALLY KEPT BETWEEN .MM TO .MM
237.IN A COMBINED FOOTING EITHER .OR MORE
244.THE SIZE OF BRITISH MOULD FOR CONCRETE
.CAN BE SEEN
SPECIMEN IS .*.
238.THE STRENGTH OF THE CONCRETE ON 7TH DAY IS
245.THE LAP LENGTH FOR A HORIZONTAL BAR OF
.OF ITS CHARACTERISTICS STRENGTH
12MM DIA SHALL BE ..MM
239.THE INITIAL SETTING TIME OF ORDINARY
246.FOR MATT FOUNDATION .TYPE OF
PORTLAND CEMENT IS .MINUTES
WATERPROOFING IS DONE
240.UGWT MEANS
247.THE 28TH DAY STRENGTH OF ONCRETE IS ALSO
241.FOR A BASEMENT , .TYPE OF FOUNDATION IS KNOWN AS THE .OF CONCRETE
DONE
248. THE CL FOR RINGS FOR A BEAM OF CROSS
242.FULL FORM OF HYSD IS .
SANTOSH KULKARNI SECTION 300MM*600MM SHALL BE ..MM
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249. IN ONE WAY SLAB , THE MAIN STEEL IS ALONG 255. THE HOOK LENGTH FOR A STIRRUP , IF NOT
THE .SPAN SPECIFIED IN THE RCC DRAWING CAN BE
250.TO INCREASE THE FLOW OF CONCRETE , ..IS TO CONSIDERED AS .MM
BE ADDED 256.IN A HIDDEN BEAM , THE DEPTH OF THE BEAM
251.THE SIZE OF PCC AND EXCAVATION IS NORMALLY IS ALWAYS EQUAL TO THE THICKNESS OF .
KEPT.MM AND .MM LARGER THAN THE RAFT 257. 1 CUM IS EQUAL TO .CFT
SIZE 258. ..INCREASES THE SETTING TIME OF CEMENT
252. INSIDE A HOUSE , THE TILES PROVIDED ON THE 259.THE SHUTTERING FOR A STEP FOOTING CAN BE
WALLS ARE KNOWN AS.. DONE AS A SHUTTERING
253.THE COVER SIZE FOR A PILE FOUNDATION IS 260.IN A PRESTRESSED RCC STRUCTURE , ..MUST
..MM BE USED FOR INDUCING COMPRESSION
254.THE TOP DIA, THE BOTTOM DIA AND THE 261.THE WEIGHT OF BINDING WIRE NEEDED FOR
HEIGHT OF A SLUMP CONE ARE .MM,.MM REBARS IS .% OF THE WEIGHT OF REBARS
AND .MM RESPECTIVELY.
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262.THE ISOLATED COLUMN FOOTINGS CAN BE 269. TO TAKE CARE OF THE EXTRA TENSION AT THE
EITHER TYPE OR TYPE OR TYPE OR .TYPE. MID SPAN , ..BARS ARE USED IN A BEAM
263.THE COVER FOR A FOOTING SHALL BE .MM 270.THE TYPES OF LOAD WHICH ARE TO BE
264.THE HIDDEN BEAM CARRIES THE LOAD OF THE CONSIDERED FOR A BUILDING ARE.LOADS,
.AND TRANSFERS IT TO THE .. .LOADS,.LOADS .LOADS AND .LOADS
265.THE CAPACITY OF A TM IS .CFT 271.AT NASIK , THE PLOT AREA IS USUALLY
266.THE BEAMS IN A SUNK PORTION ARE CALLED AS EXPRESSED IN ..

267.THE CRUSHING STRENGTH OF THIRD CLASS
BRICKS SHALL BE .KG/CM2
268. THE LOWER PORTION OF THE WAIST SLAB IS
KNOWN AS. SANTOSH KULKARNI SANTOSH KULKARNI
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272.DOES IT AFFECT THE STRENGTH /DURABILITY OF 276.8 =.. MM


CONCRETE ? 277.FOR A BEAM OF DEPTH 550 , THE
1. WATER ?............... DEVELOPMENT CAN BE CONSIDERED AS.
2. PLASTICIZER ?............. 278.IF THE RINGS SPACING IS 200 MM C/C FOR A
3. RETARDER ? BEAM OF SPAN 9000 MM , NO OF RINGS SHALL
BE .
273.THE QUANTITY OF A TM CAN BE CROSS VERIFIED
279.IF THE FOOTING SIZE IOF 1250 MM*1450 MM ,
BY CHECKING THE ..
THE PCC AND RAFT SIZE SHALL BE ..*MMMM
274.THE MEANING OF GRADE 53 CEMENT IS .. AND .MM*. MM RESPECTIVELY.
275.THE GRADE OF A CONCRETE OF RATIO 1:2.5:3.5 280. 1 SOOT =..MM
SHALL BE APPROXIMATELY M 281.IF PPC IS USED FOR A RCC SLAB , THE DE-
276.NORMAL WATER CEMENT RATIO IS SHUTTERING PERIOD SHALL ..BY 50%
282.FOR A SLAB , THE CURING IS DONE BY ..
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283. FOR A SMALL PLOT , WE USE A ..THREAD ( 287. THE SILT % IN THE SAND SHALL NOT EXCEED
DORI ) BUT FOR A VERY BIG PLOT , WE MAY HAVE .%
TO USE A ..WIRE. 288. CONCRETE TAKEN FROM A RMC PLANT ARE
284.FOR VERIFYING RIGHT ANGLE WE USE THE CLASSIFIED AS .CONCRETE AND CONCRETE .
FORMULA. 289. FOR PUMPING CONCRETE , THE ..HAS TO BE
KEPT ON HIGHER SIDE.
285..SAND IS NOT USED FOR BUILDING
290.WHILE CASTING A COLUMN BEAM JUNCTION ,
CONSTRUCTION THE SLUMP HAS TO BE LEPT ..
286.WRITE THE FULL FORMS : 291.MORE IS THE .BETTER IS THE FLOW OF
1. CTD CONCRETE
2. MS 292.THE ..BAR CANNOT BE AVOIDED IN A SLAB
3. HYSD 293.PPC CAN BE BETTER UTILIZED FOR ..AND
4. PPC ..WORKS IN ABUILDING.
SANTOSH KULKARNI SANTOSH KULKARNI
5. PCC
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ANSWERS to the 1. 1 HECTARE : 1,07,600 SQFT.


2. 1 GUNTHA : 1089 SQFT.
FILL IN THE BLANKS 3. 1 CEMENT BAG : 50 KG.
FRIENDS ,
4. 1 MT SHALL HAVE 1000 KG
HERE ARE
THE 5. 1 KL SHALL HAVE 1000 LITERS OF WATER
ANSWERS 6. A WATER TANK OF 8 CUM CAN RETAIN 8000
! LITERS OF WATER
7. DENSITY OF CONCRETE 2400 KG/CUM
8. DENSITY OF STEEL 7850 KG/CUM
9. COLUMN IS SUPPORTED ON FOOTING
10.BEAM IS SUPPORTED ON COLUMN
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11. THESE LOADS ARE TO BE CALCULATED FOR DESIGNING


STRUCTURE : DEAD LOAD , LIVE LOAD, WIND LOAD
AND SEISMIC LOADS.
12. THE LIVE LOAD FOR A COMMERCIAL BUILDING SHALL
BE 500 KG/SQM.
13. CONCRETE PLUS STEEL BARS MAKE REINFORCED
CEMENT CONCRETE
14. FULL FORM OF AAC BLOCKS IS AUTOCLAVED AERATED
CONCRETE BLOCKS
15. IF WE FACE NORTH , THE EAST SHALL BE ON THE RIGHT
HAND SIDE.
16. MOST COMMON SHAPE OF COLUMN IS RECTANGULAR
17. SLAB IS SUPPORTED ON BEAMS
18. PORTION BELOW TOILET IS KEPT SUNK
19. A RCC BEAM IN INTERNAL WALLS AT SILL LEVEL IS
CALLED BAND BEAM OR PATLI
20. CONCRETE GIVEN ON TOP OF A WALL IS CALLED
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21.PRESTRESSED CONCRETE MEANS RCC + TENDONS 31. IN A ROOM , THE LOWERMOST LEVEL IS FLOOR LEVEL AND
THE UPPERMOST LEVEL IS ROOF SLAB
22.MORTAR MEANS CEMENT + WATER + SAND 32. SILL LEVEL SHALL BE ALWAYS LOWER THAN THE LINTEL
23.RCC MEANS CONCRETE + STEEL BARS LEVEL.
33. DHUMMAS IS USED TO COMPACT THE MURRUM FILLING
24.CHAJJA IS AN OUTSIDE/EXTERNAL PROJECTION
34. A MTERIC BRICK MEASURES 190 MM*90 MM*90 MM
25.LOFT IS AN INSIDE/INTERNAL ..PROJECTION 35. A THOKLA BRICK MEASURES 8 *6 *4 .
26.MEZZANINE FLOOR IS BETWEEN GROUND AND 36. FULL FORM OF RCC IS REINFORCED CEMENT CONCRETE
FIRST FLOORS 37. FULL FORM OF HYSD IS HIGH YIELD STRENGTH DEFORMED
BARS
27.LOWERMOST LEVEL IS FOUNDATION LEVEL 38. WHEN WATER IS ADDED IN CEMENT HYDRATION STARTS
28.UPPERMOST LEVEL IS OHWT 39. IN EXOTHERMIC REACTION , HEAT IS LIBERATED/EVOLVED
29.PLINTH CONSISTS OF FLOORING,PCC ,SOLING 40. FRAMED STRUCTURES COULD BE OF WOOD OR RCC OR
STEEL OR COMPOSITE TYPE
AND MURRUM FILLING
30. MURRUM IS COMPACTED BY EARTH RAMMER
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41.SHAPE OF A BALLI [ ] IS ROUND


42.SHAPE OF IS SQUARE
43.MAXIMUM HEIGHT OF CASTING A COLUMN : 8
44.SIZE OF A CENETRING PLATE :600 MM*900 MM
45.MS BARS ARE ALSO KNOWN AS ROUND BARS
46.GRADES OF HYSD BARS ARE FE 415 ,FE 500 ,FE 550
47.BINDING WIRE DIAMETER :1.6 MM [ 16 GAUGE]
48. A STIRRUP IS ALSO KNOWN AS RING OR LINK
49. HACKING IS DONE ON RCC SURFACE TO IMPROVE THE
BOND BETWEEN CONCRETE & PLASTER
50. BUNDING IS DONE ON SLAB FOR CURING WHICH IS
ALSO KNOWN AS PONDING
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51. HORIZONTAL LAP IN THE REBAR SHALL BE 60* D 61.THE GRADE OF MILD STEEL BARS IS FE 250
62.AAC BLOCKS ARE LIGHTER THAN RED BRICKS.
52.VERTICAL LAP IN THE REBAR SHALL BE 45* D
63.RED BRICKS ARE LIGHTER THAN FLYASH BRICKS.
53.OTHER TYPES OF HYSD BARS ARE TMT , CTD, 64.RCC IS HEAVIER THAN CONCRETE.
54.TOR STEEL WAS INTRODUCED IN YEAR 1978 65.CONCRETE IS STRONG IN COMPRESSION AND WEAK
IN TENSION.
55. COLUMN SIDES TO BE REMOVED AFTER 24 HOURS.
66.FILLING A GAP BETWEEN CENETERING PLATES BY
56. CURING ON RCC COLUMN IS DONE BY JUTE OR HESSIAN WOODEN PLANK IS KNOWN AS GABADI
CLOTH. 67.A BALLI IS STRONGER IF PLACED EXACTLY VERTICAL
57.AGGREGATES ARE ALSO KNOWN AS METAL , 68.SAND USED AT SITE CAN BE EITHER RIVER SAND /PIT
KHADI , RODI , GITTI SAND OR CRUSHED SAND /ARTIFICIAL SAND
/MANUFACTURED SAND
58.CEMENT IS OF OPC TYPE AND PPC TYPE. 69.HACKING IS ALSO KNOWN AS TANCHE /TEENCHE
59.DENSITY OF BRICKS IS 1900 KG/CUM. 70.CONCRETE IS TRANSPORTED IN A VEHICLE KNOWN
AS TRANSIT MIXER
60.DENSITY OF STEEL 7850 KG/CUM.
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71. FOR UNDERSTANDING THE CHARACTER OF SOIL ,


WE NEED TO DIG A TRIAL PIT
72.THERE ARE TWO TYEPS OF FOUNDATION.
73.IN A PLOT , IF THERE ARE PITS EXCAVATED , IT
SHALL BE A OPEN FOUNDATION.
74.IF THE PILE RESTS ON THE HARD STRATA ,IT IS
KNOWN AS END BEARING PILES
75.IF A PILE DOES NOT REACH UPTO HARD STRATA ,
IT IS DESIGNED AS A SKIN FRICTION PILE
76.THE SBC IS THE LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY OF A
SOIL
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77. AS PER IS:456:2000 , MINIMUM DEPTH OF A 82. A GROUP OF PILES IS ALSO KNOWN AS CLUSTER
FOOTING BELOW GL MUST BE 900 MM. OF PILES.
78. IF RED BRICKS ARE USED FOR A BUILDING , THEN 83. FOR RCC , NORMALLY AGGREGATE OF SIZE 12
THE FOOTING AREA SHALL BE BIGGER THAN IF MM TO 20 MM IS USED.
AAC BLOCKS ARE USED. 84. NOW A DAYS , THE MILD STEEL ROUNDS ARE
79. THE AREA OF FOOTING FOR A BUILDING RESTING USED AT SITES FOR RINGS OR DISTRIBUTION BARS
ON HARD ROCK SHALL BE SMALLER THAN FOR A 85. IN A BEAM , THE STIRRUPS SHALL BE VERTICAL
BUILDING WHICH RESTS ON HARD MURRUM. 86.IN A COLUMN , THE LINKS SHALL BE HORIZONTAL
80.THE AREA OF FOOTING FOR A 25 STOREYED 87. THE LENGTH OF DOWEL BARS FOR COLUMN
SHALL BE BIGGER THAN FOR A 4 STOREYED SHALL BE 900 [ 45D] IF BAR DIA IS 20 MM.
BUILDING
88. THE LENGTH OF DOWEL BARS FOR A SLAB SHALL
81. ON A RIVER BANK , A BUILDING IS LIKELY TO BE BE 720 MM [ 60D]IF BAR DIA IS 12 MM.
PROVIDED WITH PILES FOUNDATION
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89. RIVER SAND, PIT SAND & OCEAN SAND OUT OF 97. A COLUMN IN BRICKS IS CALLED PILLAR
THESE SANDS OCEAN IS NOT SUITABLE FOR
CONSTRUCTION. 98.A COLUMN IN STEEL IS CALLED STANCHION
90. AN INTERMEDIATE FLOOR BETWEEN GROUND AND 99. A BEAM IN STEEL IS CALLED AS GIRDER OR JOIST
FIRST FLOOR IS CALLED AS 100. IN A FRAMED STRUCTURE , THE WALLS ARE
91. 1 CUM OF WATER SHALL WEIGH 1000 KG. ALSO KNOWN AS PANEL WALLS.
92. A WATER TANK OF INTERNAL VOLUME OF 6 CUM 101.A COMPRESSION MEMBER IN A TRUSS IS
CAN CONTAIN 6000 LITRES.
CALLED AS STRUT
93. COMPLETE THIS SERIES : MORTAR, PCC , RCC ,
PRESTRESSED CONCRETE 102.A TENSION MEMBER IN A TRUSS IS CALLED AS
94. A SHEATHING PROTECTS THE TENDON TIE
95. A 900 VAR PLOT CAN BE SAID TO BE HAVING 8100
SQFT.
96. A COLUMN IN WOOD IS CALLED POST
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103. PCC BELOW FOOTING IS CALLED LEVELLING COURSE 112.IF A FOOTING RAFT IS 1200 MM*1200MM , IT
104. IT IS DONE TO PROVIDE A LEVELLED SURFACE. CAN BE SAID AS : M*1.2 M.
113.IF A RAFT IS 1600MM*1600MM , THE PCC SIZE
105.PCC THICKNESS IS BETWEEN 150 MM TO 200MM SHALL BE :1900 MM*1900MM
106.WIDTH OF PCC IS KEPT LARGER THAN FOOTING.
114.IF A RAFT IS 1800MM*1600 MM AND IF THE
107.THE EXTRA WIDTH OF PCC IS NORMALLY 150 MM. THICKNESS IS 400 MM , THE VOLUME OF THE
108. 2 GUNTHE = 2178 SQFT. RAFT SHALL BE 1.8*1.6*0.4 = 1.152 CUM.
109.GRADE OF RIBBED BAR IS NORMALLY FE 500 115.IF A TRUCK MEASURES 22*9 AND THE DEPTH
110. CHAJJA IS SMALLER THAN PORCH WHICH IS SMALLER OF SAND IS TAKEN AT 3 PLACES AS 3, 36 AND
THAN PORTICO 39 , FIND OUT THE BRASS OF SAND IN THE
111.PATLI IS GIVEN INSIDE THE MASONRY WHEREAS TRUCK 22*9 =198 SQFT*[(3+36+39)/3]
COPING IS GIVEN ON TOP OF MASONRY 103/3 = 6.77 BRASS
116.IF THE RATE OF SAND IS Rs.4800 PER BRASS ,
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WHAT IS THE RATE PER CFT ? Rs.48
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117.IF THE SIZE OF EXCAVATION IS 2.5 M*2.5 M AND 122. MOST COMMON GRADE FOR HYSD BARS IS FE 500
THE DEPTH OF EXCAVATION IS MEASURED AS 2 M ,
WHAT IS THE VOLUME OF THE PIT IN CUM ? 12.5 123.FOR DOING EXCAVATION FOR FOOTINGS , WE MUST
CUM HAVE THE CENTRE LINE PLAN
118.HOW MUCH IS THE EXCAVATION IN BRASS IN 124.IF WE ADD TENDON IN A RCC MEMBER , IT BECOMES
EXAMPLE NO 117 ? 12.5*0.3529 = 4.415 BRASS PRESTRESSED CONCRETE
119. IF THE RAFT SIZE IS 1400 MM * 1400 MM , AND IF 125.FOUNDATION CAN BE OF TWO TYPES.
THE PCC THICKNESS IS 200 MM , HOW MUCH SHALL
BE THE VOLUME OF PCC ? 126.OPEN FOUNDATION CAN BE OF TWO TYPES.
PCC SIZE : (1400+300)+(1400+300) = 1700*1700 127.ISOLATED COLUMN FOOTINGS CAN BE OF FOUR TYPES
VOLUME : 1.7*1.7*0.2 = 0.578 CUM 128.COMBINED FOOTINGS CAN BE OF FIVE TYPES
120. IF THE BASE OF A TRIANGLE IS 25 M AND THE 129.PILES CAN BE OF THREE TYPES
HEIGHT IS 18 M , WHAT IS THE AREA OF THE
TRAINGLE ? =25*18/2 =225 SQM 130.REBARS CAN BE OF TWO TYPES
121.IF IN A TRAPEZIUM , ONE SIDE IS 40 M , OTHER SIDE 131.PILES CAN BE DESIGNED AS AN END BEARING PILE OR A
IS 60 M , THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THESE TWO SIDES
SANTOSH KULKARNI
SKIN FRICTION PILE SANTOSH KULKARNI
IS 50 M , WHAT IS THE AREA ? 2500 SQM
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132. FOR A BASEMENT , WE MUST DO BOX TYPE 143.WRITE 4 COMPONENTS OF MAIN STRUCTURE
WATERPROOFING
1. FOOTING
133. IF IT IS AN ARE , IT SHALL HAVE 1076 SQFT.
134.IF IT IS AN HECTARE , IT SHALL HAVE 10,000 SQM. 2. COLUMN
135.CONCRETE IS STRONG IN COMPRESSION BUT WEAK IN 3. BEAM
TENSION
4. SLAB
136.INGREDIENTS OF CEMENT CONCRETE ARE CEMENT , SAND ,
AGGREGATE AND WATER AND ADMIXTURES /ADDITIVES 144.WRITE 5 CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
137.INGREDIENTS OF CEMENT MORTAR ARE CEMENT , SAND , 1. CEMENT
AND WATER
138.MOST COMMON SIZE OF A CENTERING PLATE IS 600 MM*900 MM 2. SAND
139. AREA FOR A TRIANGLE WHOSE SIDES ARE ONLY KNOWN IS GIVEN BY
HERON S FORMULA 3. AGGREGATE
140. 1 CUM = 35.29 CFT. 4. STEEL
141.1 CUM = 0.3529 BRASS.
142.1 CUM OF WATER = 1000 KG = 1000 LITRES 5. WATER
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145.IN A BUILDING , PROTECTION FROM RAIN


WATER , SUN LIGHT IS GIVEN BY CHAJJA OR
PORCH OR PORTICO
146.IF TILES ARE FIXED ON AN INTERNAL WALL , IT IS
KNOWN AS DADO
147.IF TILES ARE FIXED ON AN EXTERNAL WALL , IT IS
KNOWN AS CLADDING
148.IF TILES ARE FIXED ON AN INTERNAL FLOOR , IT
IS KNOWN AS FLOORING
149.IF TILES ARE FIXED ON AN EXTERNAL
HORIZONTAL SURFACE , IT IS KNOWN AS PAVING
150.WHAT IS COMMON BETWEEN MORTAR &
CONCRETE ?
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CEMENT, SAND AND WATER
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151.TH LENGTH OF DOWEL BAR IN A BEAM , FOR A BAR 161. CL OF A STRAIGHT BAR IN A FOOTING OF SIZE
OF DIA 16 SHALL BE 60*16 =960 MM. 1950*1950 SHALL BE :1950-[50+50] =1950-100 =1850
152.THE DOWEL LENGTH FOR A COLUMN BAR OF 20 DIA 162.CL OF A BAR WITH DEVELOPMENT LENGTH IN A
SHALL BE 45*20 =900 MM FOOTING OF SIZE 1650*1650 SHALL BE =
153.THE UNIT WEIGHT OF A 28MM BAR SHALL BE 4.84 1650-(50+50) + 2[ 600- (50+50) ] = 1550+ 1000 =2550
KG /M MM [ DEPTH OF RAFT : 600 ]
154.THE FORMULA FOR UNIT WEIGHT OF A BAR IS 163.CL OF A STRAIGHT BAR IN A BEAM OF SPAN 8950
D*D/162 SHALL BE 8950-(25+25) =8900 MM =8.9 M
155.COVER FOR PILES SHALL BE 75 MM 164.CL OF A BAR WITH DEVELOPMENT LENGTH IN A
156.COVER FOR A FOOTING SHALL BE 50 MM BEAM OF SPAN 8950 SHALL BE 8950-(25+25)+ 2[ 450-
(25+25) ] = 8900+ 800 = 9700 MM= 9.7 M
157.COVER FOR A SHEAR WALL SHALL BE 40 MM [ DEPTH OF BEAM : 450 ]
158.BINDING WIRE SHALL BE OF DIA 1.6MM 165.THERE ARE 10 BARS OF DIA 20 MM ON EACH SIDE
159.UNIT WEIGHT OF 25 MM DIA BAR SHALL BE 3.86 OF SQUARE FOOTING OF SIZE 1500*1500 .THE
KG/M WEIGHT OF FOOTING JALI SHALL BE :
160.COVER FOR SLAB SHALL BE 15 OR 20 MM 2*10*1.4*2.47 =69.16 KG
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166. TOP BARS IN A BEAM ARE ALSO KNOWN AS ANCHOR BARS 176.NORMALLY THREE TYPES OF ADMIXTURES
OR NOMINAL BARS /ADDITIVES ARE ADDED TO CONCRETE.
167.RINGS ARE ALSO CALLED AS STIRRUPS OR LINKS OR
TRANSVERSE REINFORCEMENT 177. PLASTICIZER HELPS TO IMPROVE THE FLOW OF
168.BENT UP BARS ARE ALSO KNOWN AS FLEXURAL CONCRETE.
REINFORCEMENT OR CRANKS OR CRANK BARS 178.RETARDER INCREASES THE SETTING PERIOD OF
169.PATLI IS ALSO KNOWN AS BAND BEAM CEMENT
170.A WOODEN PROP IS ALSO KNOWN AS BALLI OR MUNDA
179.IF A TM IS ARRIVING AT THE SITE , RETARDER
171. SPANS CAN BE CLEAR SPAN OR EFFECTIVE SPAN OR OUTER
SPAN.
MUST BE ADDED INTO IT IF IT IS GOING TO BE
172.COVER OF 40 MM IN COLUMN IS MAINTAINED BY DOUGH
STUCK IN TRAFFIC.
NUT COVER BLOCKS 180.FOR A SUNK PORTION , WATERPROOFING
173. THE ADDITIVES ARE OF THREE TYPES [ PLASTICIZER, CHEMICAL MUST BE ADDED TO THE CONCRETE
RETARDER & WATER PROOFING CHEMICALS ]
181.A TM , NORMALLY CARRIES SIX CUM OF
174.SAND IS AVAILABLE IN THREE TYPES [ RIVER ,PIT, CRUSHED ]
CONCRETE
175.CEMENT FOR CONSTRUCTION IS AVAILABLE IN TWO TYPES
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182.IN METRIC SYSTEM , THE LARGEST UNIT FOR 191. BINDING WIRE IS AVAILABLE IN 1.6 MM DIA
MEASURING AREA IS CALLED HECTARE IT HAS 192.WEIGHT OF BINDING WIRE IS 0.0158 KG/M
107600 SQFT. 193.IF THE RAFT SIZE IS 1500*1500 , THE PCC SIZE SHALL BE 1800
MM*1800MM AND THE EXCAVATION SIZE SHALL BE
183.A GUNTHA HAS 1089 SQFT. 2400MM*2400MM
184.AN ARE HAS 1076 SQFT. 194.PCC IS ALSO KNOWN AS LEVELLING COURSE
195. A SHIKANJA IS USED TO CLAMP THE COLUMN /BEAM SIDES.
185.A SQUARE YARD / VAR HAS 9 SQFT.
196. A TIE ROD IS USED TO CLAMP THE SIDES
186.A CUM HAS 35.29 CFT. 197. THE NORMAL SIZE OF A PLY USED FOR FORM WORK IS 1.22
187. EIGHTH PORTION OF AN INCH IS CALLED SOOT. M*2.44 M [ 4*8]
198.THE PLY USED FOR FORM WORK SHALL BE 12 MM THICK
188.SMALLEST UNIT IN BRITISH SYSTEM TO MEASURE WATER PROOF, MARINE PLY WITH 34 KG/SQM OF WEIGHT.
LENGTH IS CALLED THOU 199. MASKING TAPE / BROWN PAPER ARE USED FOR PLUGGING
189.SMALLEST UNIT IN METRIC SYSTEM TO MEASURE THE GAPS OF CENTERING PLATES
LENGTH IS CALLED MICRON 200.THE NORMAL SIZE OF A CENTERING PLATE IS 600MM*900
MM
190. 107.6 SQFT AREA CAN BE SAID TO HAVE 10 SQM.
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201.THE SPAN OF A BEAM IS 8500 MM AND THE 206.CONCRETE PREPARED AT SITE IS CALLED MIXED
DEPTH IS 550 MM , THE CL OF THE BENT UP BAR AT SITE
SHALL BE [ 8500-(25+25) + 2*{550-(25+25)}*0.41 ] 207.CONCRETE WHICH IS BROUGHT FROM OUTSIDE
= 8860 MM =8.86 M. PLANT IS CALLED READY MIX CONCRETE [ RMC ]
202.THE CL FOR THE RINGS FOR A BEAM OF CROSS 208.FOR BETTER QUALITY CONTROL IT IS ADVISABLE
SECTION 250*650 SHALL BE : 1720 MM = 1.72 M TO HAVE READY MIX CONCRETE.
209.THE WATER CONTENT IN THE CONCRETE IS
203.THE RING CL FOR A COLUMN OF CROSS SECTION INDICATED BY THE SLUMP VALUE.
650*650 SHALL BE 2400 MM =2.4 M
210.CONCRETE OF GRADE M25 MEANS A CONCRETE
204.SPAN OF A SLAB IS 6000 MM .THE THICKNESS IS WHOSE CRUSHING /COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH
125 MM .THE CL FOR BU BAR SHALL BE AFTER 28 DAYS SHALL NOT BE LESS THAN 250 KG
[ 6000-(15+15} + (125-(15+15) }*0.41 ] = 6009 MM /CM2 OR 25 N /MM2 OR 25 MEGA PASCAL
205.HIGHER IS THE WATER IN THE CONCRETE LOWER 211. OPC MEANS ORDINARY PORTLAND CEMENT
SHALL BE THE STRENGTH
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212.PPC MEANS POZZOLONA PORTLAND CEMENT
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213. IF THE INNER SIZE OF A WATER TANK IS 3M*6M*2M 221.HOW DO WE KNOW WHICH GRADE OF
, IT CAN SAFELY CONTAIN 36,000 LITRES OF CONCRETE IS TO BE USED FOR A PROJECT ? RCC
WATER.
DRAWING
214.DEAD WEIGHT OF A RCC BEAM OF SIZE
250MM*600MM WITH SPAN 9.5M SHALL BE : 222.WATER CONTENT IN CONCRETE IS SHOWN BY
0.25*0.6*9.5*2500 = 3562.5 KG THE FACTOR : WATER CEMENT RATIO
215.DEAD WEIGHT OF A BRICK WALL OF HEIGHT : 4.5 M 223.GRAIN SIZE OF SAND IS INDICATED BY THE
HAVING WIDTH OF 6.5M SHALL BE .. MT. FACTOR : FM [ FINENESS MODULUS ]
[ WALL THICKNESS : 150 MM]
224.THE SIZE OF A MEASURING FARMA IS
4.5*6.5*0.15*1900 = 8336.25 KG
12*12*15
216.DENSITY OF STEEL IS 7850 KG/M3
217.DENSITY OF AAC BLOCKS IS 600 KG/M3 225.THE SLUMP CONE DIMENSIONS ARE 4*8*12
218. A COLUMN IN STEEL IS CALLED STANCHION 226.VEHICLE WHICH CARRIES CONCRETE FROM RMC
219.A BEAM IN STEEL IS CALLED GIRDER PLANT IS CALLED TM OT TRANSIT MIXER
220.A COLUMN IN BRICKS IS CALLED PILLAR 227.CONCRETE CAN BE EXPRESSED EITHER BY GRADE
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OR BY NOMINAL MIX OR PROPORTION
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228.CONCRETE IS TESTED THROUGH CUBES OF SIZE


150MM*150 MM*150MM
229.CEMENT IS TESTED THROUGH CUBES OF SIZE
70.7MM* 70.7MM * 70.7MM
230.FOR CEMENT TESTING , MORTAR OF CEMENT +
INNORE ( WHITE )SAND IS PREPARED.
231.THE SAND IS PROCURED FROM INNORE FOR
CEMENT TESTING .
232.THERE ARE 121 VAR IN 1 GUNTHA
233.THERE ARE 4840 VAR IN AN ACRE
234.THERE ARE 1,07,600 SQFT IN A HECTARE
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235.THERE ARE 1076 SQFT IN A ARE
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236.NO OF BENT UPS IN A BAR IN ABEAM ARE TWO


243.THE THICKNESS OF A LEVELLING COURSE IS
WHERE AS FOR A SLAB BAR IT IS ONE
USUALLY KEPT BETWEEN 150 MM TO 200 MM
237.IN A COMBINED FOOTING EITHER TWO OR
244.THE SIZE OF BRITISH MOULD FOR CONCRETE
MORE COLUMNS CAN BE SEEN
SPECIMEN IS 6* 6* 6
238.THE STRENGTH OF THE CONCRETE ON 7TH DAY IS
245.THE LAP LENGTH FOR A HORIZONTAL BAR OF
65% OF ITS CHARACTERISTICS STRENGTH
12MM DIA SHALL BE 720 MM
239.THE INITIAL SETTING TIME OF ORDINARY
246.FOR MATT FOUNDATION BOX TYPE OF
PORTLAND CEMENT IS 30 MINUTES
WATERPROOFING IS DONE
240.UGWT MEANS UNDERGROUND WATER TANK
247.THE 28TH DAY STRENGTH OF ONCRETE IS ALSO
241.FOR A BASEMENT , MATT TYPE OF FOUNDATION KNOWN AS THE CHARACTERISTIC STRENGTH OF
IS DONE CONCRETE
242.FULL FORM OF HYSD IS HIGH YIELD STRENGTH 248. THE CL FOR RINGS FOR A BEAM OF CROSS
DEFORMED BARS SECTION 300MM*600MM SHALL BE 1720MM
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249. IN ONE WAY SLAB , THE MAIN STEEL IS ALONG 255. THE HOOK LENGTH FOR A STIRRUP , IF NOT
THE SHORT SPAN SPECIFIED IN THE RCC DRAWING CAN BE
250.TO INCREASE THE FLOW OF CONCRETE , CONSIDERED AS 120 MM
PLASTICIZER IS TO BE ADDED 256.IN A HIDDEN BEAM , THE DEPTH OF THE BEAM IS
ALWAYS EQUAL TO THE THICKNESS OF SLAB
251.THE SIZE OF PCC AND EXCAVATION IS NORMALLY
KEPT 150MM AND 450 MM LARGER THAN THE 257. 1 CUM IS EQUAL TO 35.29CFT
RAFT SIZE 258. RETARDER INCREASES THE SETTING TIME OF
CEMENT
252. INSIDE A HOUSE , THE TILES PROVIDED ON THE
WALLS ARE KNOWN AS DADO 259.THE SHUTTERING FOR A STEP FOOTING CAN BE
DONE AS A HANGING SHUTTERING
253.THE COVER SIZE FOR A PILE FOUNDATION IS 75
260.IN A PRESTRESSED RCC STRUCTURE , TENDONS
MM MUST BE USED FOR INDUCING COMPRESSION
254.THE TOP DIA, THE BOTTOM DIA AND THE 261.THE WEIGHT OF BINDING WIRE NEEDED FOR
HEIGHT OF A SLUMP CONE ARE 100 MM,200 MM REBARS IS ONE % OF THE WEIGHT OF REBARS
AND 300 MM RESPECTIVELY.
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262.THE ISOLATED COLUMN FOOTINGS CAN BE 269. TO TAKE CARE OF THE EXTRA TENSION AT THE
EITHER BOX TYPE OR STEPPED TYPE OR MID SPAN , CURTAIL BARS ARE USED IN A BEAM
TRAPEZOIDAL TYPE OR SHOE TYPE.
270.THE TYPES OF LOAD WHICH ARE TO BE
263.THE COVER FOR A FOOTING SHALL BE 50MM CONSIDERED FOR A BUILDING ARE DEAD LOADS,
264.THE HIDDEN BEAM CARRIES THE LOAD OF THE LIVE /SUPER IMPOSED LOADS,WIND LOADS
MASONRY WALL AND TRANSFERS IT TO THE SNOW LOADS AND SEISMIC LOADS
SECONDARY BEAMS
265.THE CAPACITY OF A TM IS 212 CFT 271.AT NASIK , THE PLOT AREA IS USUALLY
EXPRESSED IN VAR
266.THE BEAMS IN A SUNK PORTION ARE CALLED AS
INVERETD BEAMS
267.THE CRUSHING STRENGTH OF THIRD CLASS
BRICKS SHALL BE 35-45 KG/CM2
268. THE LOWER PORTION OF THE WAIST SLAB IS
KNOWN AS SOFFIT
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272.DOES IT AFFECT THE STRENGTH /DURABILITY OF 276. 8 = 2439 MM


CONCRETE IF WE ADD ? 277.FOR A BEAM OF DEPTH 550 , THE DEVELOPMENT
1. WATER ? YES CAN BE CONSIDERED AS 500
2. PLASTICIZER ? NO 278.IF THE RINGS SPACING IS 200 MM C/C FOR A BEAM
3. RETARDER ? NO OF SPAN 9000 MM , NO OF RINGS SHALL BE 46
273.THE QUANTITY OF A TM CAN BE CROSS VERIFIED BY 279.IF THE FOOTING SIZE OF 1250 MM*1450 MM , THE
CHECKING THE WEIGHT OF THE CONCRETE PCC AND EXCAVATION SIZE SHALL BE 1550 *1750 MM
274.THE MEANING OF GRADE 53 CEMENT IS : 28 DAYS AND 2150 MM*2350 MM RESPECTIVELY.
CRUSHING STRENGTH OF THE MORTAR BLOCK 280. 1 SOOT = 3.175 MM
PREPARED WITH CEMENT AND INNORE SAND SHALL
281.IF PPC IS USED FOR A RCC SLAB , THE DE-
NOT BE LESS THAN 53 NEWTONS/SQMM.
SHUTTERING PERIOD SHALL INCREASED
275.THE GRADE OF A CONCRETE OF RATIO 1:2.5:3.5 /PROLONGED BY 50%
SHALL BE APPROXIMATELY M 15
282.FOR A SLAB , THE CURING IS DONE BY PONDING
276.NORMAL WATER CEMENT RATIO IS 0.5 /BUNDING
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283. FOR A SMALL PLOT , WE USE A NYLON THREAD ( 287. THE SILT % IN THE SAND SHALL NOT EXCEED 8 %
DORI ) BUT FOR A VERY BIG PLOT , WE MAY HAVE 288. CONCRETE TAKEN FROM A RMC PLANT ARE
TO USE A PIANO WIRE. CLASSIFIED AS PUMPABLE CONCRETE AND
284.FOR VERIFYING RIGHT ANGLE WE USE THE 3-4-5 DUMPABLE CONCRETE .
FORMULA. 289. FOR PUMPING CONCRETE , THE SLUMP VALUE
HAS TO BE KEPT ON HIGHER SIDE.
285.OCEAN SAND IS NOT USED FOR BUILDING
290.WHILE CASTING A COLUMN BEAM JUNCTION ,
CONSTRUCTION THE SLUMP HAS TO BE KEPT HIGHER
286.WRITE THE FULL FORMS : 291.MORE IS THE SLUMP BETTER IS THE FLOW OF
1. CTD : COLD TWISTED DEFORMED CONCRETE
2. MS : MILD STEEL 292.THE BENT UP BAR CANNOT BE AVOIDED IN A
3. HYSD : HIGH YIELD STRENGTH DEFORMED SLAB
4. PPC : PORTLAND POZZOLONA CEMENT 293.PPC CAN BE BETTER UTILIZED FOR MASONRY
5. PCC : PLAIN CEMENT
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AND PLASTERING WORKS IN A BUILDING.
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THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR THE GRAND SUPPORT FROM YOU

SANTOSH KULKARNI
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