Mathcad - Simple Span Beams

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Mathcad - Simple Span Beams

© All Rights Reserved

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Description

This application computes the reactions and the maximum bending moment for simple span

beams loaded with any practical number of uniformly distributed and concentrated loads. This

application is limited to beams with all applied loads in the same direction. The user must

divide the beam into segments with each segment supporting a single uniformly distributed

load over its length and/or a concentrated load at the right end of each segment.

The user must enter the length of each segment, the uniformly distributed loads on each

segment, and the concentrated loads at the right end of each segment.

Four sample problems are shown below to demonstrate use of the application. Each of the

problems demonstrates a different loading condition and alternate ways of entering input. The

first problem shows the most flexible method of entering input which may be used for any

combination of uniform and concentrated loads.

Sketches and text labels are included in this document to provide additional information about

the application to the user. A user can save the application to another file and use that file as the

customized working document. Note that any practical number of beams may be entered for

analysis. To do this the user would simply add to the Input and Summary sections.

The user should be familiar with subscript notation, entering numbers as vectors, and using the

transpose and vectorize operators on the pallete.

Input

Notation

n is the last

segment

Input Variables

a segment lengths

Computed Variables

L span length

Defined Units

lbf

plf

ft

ORIGIN set equal to 1 to agree with customary usage. ORIGIN is a PTC Mathcad variable,

the index number of the first element of a vector or matrix.

ORIGIN 1

Sample 1

This sample problem shows a series of uniform and concentrated loads with differing

load magnitudes and segment lengths, with the values of a, w and P entered as

transposed vectors. This is the most flexible format since any beam with uniformly

distributed and concentrated loads may be entered using this format.

concentrated loads starting from the left reaction:

Beam number: b1

T

Segment lengths: a [[ 3.5 10 13.5 ]] ft

Span length: L ab L = 27 ft

b b

Uniformly T kip

w [[ 2.6 1.8 0.5 ]]

distributed loads: ft

Concentrated T

loads at the right P [[ 7.8 10.3 ]] kip

end of segments:

Sample 2

This sample problem shows a series of four equal concentrated loads at uniform spacing

with a single uniformly distributed load over the length of the beam.

Beam number: b2

Number of segments: n5

for segments:

Segment lengths: a 6 ft

i,b

Span length:

L ab L = 30 ft

b b

Uniformly

w 60.0 plf

distributed loads: i,b

for concentrated i1 1 n - 1

loads:

Concentrated

P 7.5 kip

loads: i1 , b

Sample 3

This sample problem shows a single uniform load over the length of the beam.

Beam number: b3

Segment lengths: a 27 ft

1,b

Span length:

L ab L = 27 ft

b b

Uniformly

kip

distributed loads: w 1.45

1,b ft

Sample 4

This sample problem shows a single uniform load over the length of the beam with a

single concentrated load not at midspan. Since the load is not symmetrical, the

"template" for Sample 1 is used with the single concentrated load entered as a

subscripted variable.

Beam number: b4

T

Segment lengths: ab [[ 15 5 ]] ft

Span length: L ab L = 20 ft

b b

Uniformly T

distributed loads: wb [[ 250 250 ]] plf

Concentrated

loads at right P 52.5 kip

1,b

end of segments:

Calculations

Beam reactions, location of the point of zero shear, and maximum bending moment are

computed within this section.

Number of beams entered: b cols ((a)) b=4

The following expressions adjusts the sizes of vectors P and w to the same size as vector a:

n,b n , b

lbf

w if rows ((w)) < rows ((a)) , 0 ,w

n,b

ft n,b

Range variable i from 1 to n; range variable i1 from 2 to n; and range variable j from 1 to b:

i1n i1 2 n j1b

VL 0 kip VL VL +w a +P

1,j i1 , j i1 - 1 , j i1 - 1 , j i1 - 1 , j i1 - 1 , j

0 7.86 15.72 23.58 31.44

VL T = kip

0 39.15 39.15 39.15 39.15

0 56.25 57.5 57.5 57.5

VR w a VR VR +P +w a

1,j 1,j 1,j i1 , j i1 - 1 , j i1 - 1 , j i1 , j i1 , j

0.36 8.22 16.08 23.94 31.8

VR T = kip

39.15 39.15 39.15 39.15 39.15

3.75 57.5 57.5 57.5 57.5

Sum of the moments due to loads, at the right end of each segment:

w a 2 VL + VR

1 , j 1 , j i1 , j i1 , j

MR MR MR + a

1,j 2 i1 , j i1 - 1 , j 2 i1 , j

15.9

MR T = kip ft

MR

n,j

RL

j

aj

R R w a + P - RL

i

j i,j i,j i , j j

VL RL - VL

i,j j i,j

15.9 8.04 0.18 -7.68 -15.54

VL T = kip

19.575 -19.575 -19.575 -19.575 -19.575

15.625 -40.625 -41.875 -41.875 -41.875

Shear at the right end of each segment:

VR RL - VR

i,j j i,j

25.37

VR T = kip

1

M VL + VR a

1,j 2 1 , j 1 , j

1,j

1

M M + VL + VR a

i1 , j i1 - 1 , j 2 i1 , j i1 , j

i1 , j

104.72

MT = kip ft

Matrix U with elements equal to 1 if the corresponding element in VL is greater than or equal to

0 kip or with elements equal to 0 if the corresponding element is less than 0 kip:

U if VL > 0 kip , 1 , 0

i,j i , j

1 1 0 0 0

1 1 1 0 0

UT =

1 0 0 0 0

1 0 0 0 0

Index of the segment where shear passes through zero:

u Uj u T = [[ 2 3 1 1 ]]

j

Distance from the left end of the segment where shear passes through 0 to the point where

shear passes through 0:

VL V L

kip uj , j u , j

j

a' if w 0 , a , if > a , a ,

j u ,j ft u , j w u , j u , j w

j j

uj , j j j

u , j

j

Distance from the left reaction to the left end of each segment:

SL 0 ft SL SL +a

1,j i1 , j i1 - 1 , j i1 - 1 , j

0 3.5 13.5 27 27

0 6 12 18 24

SL T = ft

0 27 27 27 27

0 15 20 20 20

Distance from the left end reaction to the point of zero shear and maximum moment:

XL SL + a'

j u ,j j

j

XL T = [[ 13.261 15 13.5 15 ]] ft

1

Mmax if u > 1 , M , 0 + VL a' - w a' 2

j j uj - 1 , j uj , j j 2 u , j j

j

Summary

Input Variables

The index number of each row in the transformed matrices a, w and P corresponds to the beam

number. For example, row 0 represents beam number 0, row 1 represents beam number 1, and

so forth.

3.5 10 13.5 0 0

6 6 6 6 6

Segment lengths: aT = ft

27 0 0 0 0

15 5 0 0 0

Uniformly 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 kip

wT =

distributed loads: 1.45 0 0 0 0 ft

0.25 0.25 0 0 0

7.8 10.3 0 0 0

Concentrated 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 0

loads at right PT = kip

end of segments: 0 0 0 0 0

52.5 0 0 0 0

Computed Variables

27

1 30 34.47

2 L = ft 15.9

j= j

27 RL = kip

3 19.575

j

20

4 15.625

Maximum moment:

to the point of zero shear:

17.48

15.9 13.261 190.47

RR = kip 15 141.75

j

19.575 XL = ft Mmax = kip ft

13.5 132.131

j j

41.875

15 206.25

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