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TableofContents

TableofContents..........................................................................................................................................1
FormChecks:.................................................................................................................................................2
Circularity(Roundness)*:......................................................................................................................2
Cylindricity:...........................................................................................................................................4
Straightness*:........................................................................................................................................5
Flatness:................................................................................................................................................7
OrientationChecks:......................................................................................................................................8
Angularity,PerpendicularityandParallelism:.......................................................................................8
LocationChecks:.........................................................................................................................................10
SurfaceProfile:....................................................................................................................................10
CompositeSurfaceProfileCheck:.......................................................................................................13
LineProfileCheck*:.............................................................................................................................15
TruePositionCheck:...........................................................................................................................17
CompositeTruePositionCheck:.........................................................................................................20
CircularRunoutCheck*:......................................................................................................................21
TotalRunoutCheck:............................................................................................................................24
Concentricity*:....................................................................................................................................26
GD&TDimensionTolerances......................................................................................................................28

***checksmarkedwithastarindicatethattheyarecrosssectionchecks

FormChecks:
Formcheckstakethemeasurementsprovidedtothecheckandcomparethemdirectlytothedesignated
elementsoraxisorcenterplaneandevaluatetheextentofthedeviationfromthat.Datumsare
thereforenotrequired(expectforcircularity).FormannotationscanbeaddedtoCADFaces,SAobjects
ordirectlytopointsdefininggeometry.

Circularity(Roundness)*:
Circularityisacrosssectionalcheckthereforemeasurementsmustbegroupedaccordingly.Thecheckis
evaluatedineitheroftwoways,alongtheaxisofacircleorcylindernormalvectororthroughthecenter
pointofasphere(circularityforasphereisnotyetsupportedinSA).Thetoleranceestablishesthe
minimumdistancebetweentwoconcentriccirclescontainingthemeasurementsofthatpartatthe
crosssectionlocation.

CircularityEvaluationProcesswithinSA:
1. Theactualfeaturetypeisfirstestablished(circleorcylinder)basedonthenominaltype
(featuretowhichtheannotationisattached).
2. Thisfeaturetypeisfittotheentiredatasettoestablishthedirectionvector
3. Crosssectionsareestablishedalongthisdirectionvectorandthedataisdividedinto
groupsbasedupontheirpositionalongthisvector.
4. Aplaneisfittothefirstpointineachcrosssectiongroup(usingtheactualfeature
directionvector)andthenthepointsareprojectedontothatplane
5. Boundingcirclesarethenestablishedontheplanecontainingthedataandthedistance
betweentheseisusedtoevaluatethecrosssection
6. Thecheckreturnstheworstofthecrosssectionresults.

Tocheckthecircularityofapartdothefollowing:
1. Importorbuildthedesiredannotation
a. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
b. IntheFeatureCheckssectionenterthedesiredtolerance
c. SelectthenominalCADfaces,SAobjects,ormeasuredpointstoevaluate,if
measurementshavealreadybeentaken.Thiswilladdtheannotationtothe
selectedobjectwiththespecifiedtoleranceandview.IfyouselecttheSA
Objects(fittopoints)option,itwillalsoconstructanominalobject,
associatethepointstothecheckandevaluatethecheck.***Remember
thattheobjecttypeyouuse(circleorcylinder)willgreatlyinfluencethe
nominalvectordirection.
2. BuildFeatureChecksfromtheAnnotations

3. BegintrappingtotheFeatureCheckbyeitherrightclickingonthecheckinthetree
andselectingTapMeasurementsfromanInstrumentorbydoubleclickingonthe
checkwithintheInspectiontaboftheToolkit.
4. Measureyourpartwithinthedesignatedcrosssectionsusinggeometrytriggersor
anotherappropriatemeasurementtechnique.

Cylindricity:
Cylindricitychecksensurethatallthespecifiedpointsarethesamedistancefromacommon
axis.Thetoleranceestablishestheminimumdistancebetweentwoconcentriccylinders
containingthemeasurementsofthatpart.

CylindricityEvaluationProcesswithinSA:
1. Twocoaxialcylindersarebuiltboundingtheextentsofthedata.
2. Thecylindersareallowedtofreelyrotatetoestablishtheminimumdistance
betweenthemwhilestillcontainingthedata.

TochecktheCylindricityofapartdothefollowing:
1. ImportorBuildthedesiredannotation
a. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
b. IntheFeatureCheckssectionenterthedesiredtolerance
c. SelectthenominalCADfaces,SAobjects,ormeasuredpointstoevaluate,if
measurementshavealreadybeentaken.Thiswilladdtheannotationtothe
selectedobjectwiththespecifiedtoleranceandview.IfyouselecttheSA
Objects(fittopoints)option,itwillalsoconstructanominalobject,
associatethepointstothecheckandevaluatethecheck.
2. BuildFeatureChecksfromtheAnnotations
3. BegintrappingtotheFeatureCheckbyeitherrightclickingonthecheckinthetree
andselectingTapMeasurementsfromanInstrumentorbydoubleclickingonthe
checkwithintheInspectiontaboftheToolkit.
4. Measureyourpartwithinthedesignatedcrosssections.

Straightness*:
Straightnesschecksensurethatallthemeasuredpointsarewithinaspecifiedproximitytoa
straightlinewithinacrosssection.SAcurrentlyonlysupportsstraightnesschecksforlinesand
cylinders(axis).Evaluatedasazoneinwhichthemedianlinemustlie.Straightnessisacross
sectionalchecksomeasurementsmustbegroupedaccordingly.


StraightnessEvaluationProcesswithinSA:
1. Thedirectionvectorisestablishedforthemeasuredfeature(lineorcylinder)
2. Crosssectionsareestablishedalongthisdirectionvectorandthedataisdividedinto
groupsbasedupontheirpositionalongthisvector.
3. Aplaneisfittothefirstpointineachcrosssectiongroup(usingtheactualfeature
directionvector)andthenthepointsareprojectedontothatplane
4. Medianpointsareestablishedforeachcrosssection,eitherdirectly(forlines)orby
fittingcirclestothedata(cylinder)
5. Thesemedianpointsarethencomparedtothenominalaxisline.
6. Thecheckreturnstheworstofthecrosssectionresults.

TochecktheStraightnessofapartdothefollowing:
1. ImportorBuildthedesiredannotation
a. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
b. IntheFeatureCheckssectionenterthedesiredtolerance
c. SelectthenominalCADfaces,SAobjects,ormeasuredpointstoevaluate,if
measurementshavealreadybeentaken.Thiswilladdtheannotationtothe
selectedobjectwiththespecifiedtoleranceandview.IfyouselecttheSA
Objects(fittopoints)option,itwillalsoconstructanominalobject,
associatethepointstothecheckandevaluatethecheck.
2. BuildFeatureChecksfromtheAnnotations
3. BegintrappingtotheFeatureCheckbyeitherrightclickingonthecheckinthetree
andselectingTapMeasurementsfromanInstrumentorbydoubleclickingonthe
checkwithintheInspectiontaboftheToolkit.
4. Measureyourpartwithinthedesignatedcrosssections.

Flatness:
Flatnesschecksensurethatallthespecifiedpointslie
approximatelyonacommonplane.Thetolerance
establishestheminimumdistancebetweentwoparallel
planescontainingthemeasurementsofthepartandis
evaluatedasthedistancebetweenthosetwoplanes.

FlatnessEvaluationProcesswithinSA:
1. Twoparallelplanesarebuiltboundingthe
extentsofthedata.
2. Theseplanesareallowedtofreelyrotateto
establishtheminimumdistancebetween
themwhilestillcontainingthedata.

TochecktheFlatnessofapartdothefollowing:
1. Importorbuildthedesiredannotation
a. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
b. IntheFeatureCheckssectionenterthedesiredtolerance
c. SelectthenominalCADfaces,SAobjects,ormeasuredpointstoevaluate,if
measurementshavealreadybeentaken.Thiswilladdtheannotationtothe
selectedobjectwiththespecifiedtoleranceandview.IfyouselecttheSA
Objects(fittopoints)option,itwillalsoconstructanominalobject,
associatethepointstothecheckandevaluatethecheck.
2. BuildFeatureChecksfromtheAnnotations
3. BegintrappingtotheFeatureCheckbyeitherrightclickingonthecheckinthetree
andselectingTapMeasurementsfromanInstrumentorbydoubleclickingonthe
checkwithintheInspectiontaboftheToolkit.
4. Measureyourpartwithinthedesignatedcrosssections.

OrientationChecks:
Orientationchecksrequireatleastasingledatumforevaluation.Themeasurementsofthedatumare
firstalignedtothedatumfeaturesandthenthemeasurementsofthecheckfeatureareevaluated
relativetothatalignment.PerpendicularityandParallelismarespecialcasesofanangularitycheck
wheretheangleiseither90or0degreesrespectivelyandthestepsarethereforeexactlythesamein
creation,evaluationandtolerancing.Forsimplicitywewillonlyrefertoangularityhere.Orientation
annotationscanbeaddedtoCADFaces,SAobjectsordirectlytopointsdefininggeometry.

Angularity,PerpendicularityandParallelism:
Angularitychecksensurethatallthespecifiedpointslieatapproximatelyaspecifiedangle
relativetothedatumfeatures.Thetolerancecanbeestablishedineitherof2ways:

A. Theminimumdistancebetweentwoparallelplanesatthespecifiedangle
containingthemeasurementsofthefeature.



B. Theminimumdiameterofacylindricalzoneatthespecifiedanglecontainingthe
measurementsofthefeature.

TochecktheAngularityofafeatureonapartdothefollowing:
1. Importorbuildthedesiredannotation:
a. Buildthedatumannotations:
i. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
ii. ClickontheDatumbuttonandselectthenominalCADfaces,SA
objects,ormeasuredpointstobeusedtodefinethedatum(s).
b. BuildtheAngularity,PerpendicularityorParallelismcheck:
i. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
ii. IntheFeatureCheckssectionenterthedesiredtoleranceand
datumstobereferencedbythecheck.
iii. SelectthenominalCADfaces,SAobjects,ormeasuredpointsto
evaluate,ifmeasurementshavealreadybeentaken.Thiswilladd
theannotationtotheselectedobjectwiththespecifiedtolerance
andview.IfyouselecttheSAObjects(fittopoints)option,itwill
alsoconstructanominalobject,associatethepointstothecheck
andevaluatethecheck.
2. BuildFeatureChecksfromtheAnnotations
3. BegintrappingtotheFeatureCheckbyeitherrightclickingonthecheckinthetree
andselectingTapMeasurementsfromanInstrumentorbydoubleclickingonthe
checkwithintheInspectiontaboftheToolkit.
4. Measureyourpartwithinthedesignatedcrosssections.

LocationChecks:
LocationchecksaretheheartofGD&Tanalysisandprovidethegreatestflexibilityandmostcomplexity.
Asimpleexampleofhowtobuildacheckofeachtypeisprovidedherebutgreaterdetailshouldbe
obtainedfromthestandarddirectly.Locationcheckscanbeevaluateexcludingdatumsentirelyorby
includingasmanydatumsasareneededtofullyconstrainthemodel.Becauseofthecomplexityand
varietyofapplicationsforthesechecksannotationscanonlybeaddeddirectlytoCADFacesorSA
objectsandtheSAObjects(fittopoints)optionisdisabled.

SurfaceProfile:
Profilechecksprovidetheabilitytoevaluatesize,form,orientationandlocation.Currentlythischeckis
onlysupportedforsurfacesnotSAobjects.Aninnerandouterprofileboundaryisderivedfromthe
nominalfeaturesincludedinthecheck.Thistoleranceboundarycaneitherbesymmetricalor
asymmetricalbaseduponthetolerancedesignationwithintheannotation.Thenominalfeatureisfirst
alignedtothedatumstructurewhichcanincludeanynumberofdatumstofullyconstrainthepart.
Measurementsarethenfittothefeaturestominimizethepointdeviationsasallowedbytheremaining
degreesoffreedom.Themeasureddeviationsarethencomparedtothetoleranceboundarystructure
andthepartevaluatedaccordingly.

SurfaceProfileEvaluationProcesswithinSA:
1. Aninnerandoutertoleranceboundaryisestablishedbaseduponthetolerancefor
theconsideredfeatures(whichcanbedesignatedasymmetrical).
2. Thesefeatureareallowedtofreelyrotatebasedonthedatumconstraintsto
minimizethemaximumandminimumpointdeviations.
3. Theextentofthemaxandmindeviationisusedtoestablishthemeasuredprofile
deviationandcomparedtothetolerancezone.

TochecktheProfileofafeatureonapartdothefollowing:
1. Importorbuildthedesiredannotation:
a. Buildthedatumannotationsifdesired(notincludingdatumsdoesnotuse
thecurrentalignmentforevaluationbutallowstheparttomovewithout
constrainttofitthedata):
i. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
ii. ClickontheDatumbuttonandselectthenominalCADfaces,SA
objects,ormeasuredpointstobeusedtodefinethedatum.
b. Buildthesurfaceprofilecheck:
i. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType

ii. IntheFeatureCheckssectionenterthedesiredtoleranceand
datumstobereferencedbythecheck.
iii. SelectthenominalCADfacesorSAobjectstobeevaluated.Thiswill
addtheannotationtotheselectedobjectwiththespecified
toleranceandview.
2. BegintrappingtotheFeatureCheckbyeitherrightclickingonthecheckinthetree
andselectingTapMeasurementsfromanInstrumentorbydoubleclickingonthe
checkwithintheInspectiontaboftheToolkit.
3. Measureyourpartandtheevaluationwillupdateautomaticallyifthereportbaris
visible.

Thedistancebetweentwoparallelsurfacefeaturescontainingthemeasureddataand
orientedatthespecifiedangletothedatum:

CompositeSurfaceProfileCheck:
CompositeSurfaceProfileChecksprovideameanstoevaluatethepositionofapatternoffeaturesand
combinethatwithatighterevaluationoftheformofthatprofilerelativealessrestrictedsetofdatum
constraintsallwithinasinglecheck.Eachsegmentofthecompositecheckevaluatedusingthesame
toleranceconstraintsasdescribedforasingleprofilecheckbutwiththefollowingadditionalfreedoms:

CompoundversesCompositePosition:
WhatmakesCompositeSurfaceProfilechecksuniquefromtwoseparatepositionchecksisthat
compositechecksprovideagreaterdegreeoffreedominthelowersegmentcheckthanwould
beallowedthroughasecondarycheck.Takethefollowingcheckforexample:



ThepartisfirstfittoDatumA,B,andC,whichfullylocksdownalldegreesofrotationand
translationandtheuppersegmentofthecontrolframeisevaluated.Thepatternisthen
completelyreleasedtotranslatefreelyandrotatewithinthedegreesoffreedomnotlocked
downbydatumAtofitthenominalpattern.Theykeyhereisthattranslationiscompletely
unconstrained.

Nowconsiderthesecondcase.Inthiscasewehavetwoindependentcheckswhichcaneither
beevaluatedindividuallyortogetherreturningasinglepass/failresult.Inthiscasetheupper
segmentisevaluated,andtheninthesecondcheckthepartisfittodatumA.Thislocksdown
boththetranslationandrotationofthepart.Inthiscasethedifferenceisslight.Thepartis
limitedinitsabilitytomovetowardandawayfromdatumA.



Thedifferenceismoreapparentwithtwodatumsinthelowersegment.Thepartisboth
constrainedinpositiontodatumAandB.Thisrestrictionintranslationandrotationandonly
allowstheparttoslideinastraightlineperpendiculartothedatumstofitthedata.

Asacompositecheckthisisnotthecase.Thepartisstillfreetotranslatetofitthepattern,only
itsrotationisconstrainedbyAandB.

LineProfileCheck*:
Lineprofileismuchlikesurfaceprofileexceptthatitisa2Dcheck.Thetolerancezoneisnormaltothe
trueprofileofthefeatureateachlineelement.Thiscanbeausefuladditionifyouwanttoevaluatea
singleportionofasurfaceatalocation.Itconsidersasetofcurveswhichlieonasurfaceandevaluates
thecurvesindividually.

LineprofilecurrentlyonlyworkswithCADfaces,notSAobjects
Youmustassociateadirectionobject(SAobject)withthelineprofileannotationbeforecreating
thefeaturecheckobjectthisdirectionobjectdefinesthedirectionalongwhichthedatais
dividedintocrosssectionsforanalysis
o Ifyouassociatemultipledirectionobjects,itusestheaverageoftheirdirection
LineProfileannotationscanbeimportedwithCADbutadirectionobject(SAobject)mustbe
associatedwiththeannotationtobeevaluated.
IfyoucreatealineprofileannotationusingtheGD&Ttoolbar,you'llgetanadditionalselection
stageafterpickingtheCADfacesallowingyoutopickthedirectionobject(s)

LineProfileEvaluationProcesswithinSA:
1. Thedirectionvectorforanalysisisestablishedfromthedirectionobjectchosen.
2. Crosssectionsareestablishedalongthisdirectionvectorandthedataisdividedinto
groupsbasedupontheirpositionalongthisvectorandthecrosssectioncriteriaset.
3. Aplaneisfittothefirstpointineachcrosssectiongroup(usingtheactualfeature
directionvector)andthenthepointsareprojectedontothatplane
4. Aninnerandoutertoleranceboundaryisestablishedbaseduponthetolerancefor
theconsideredfeatures.
5. Thesefeatureareallowedtofreelyrotatebasedonthedatumconstraintsto
minimizethemaximumandminimumpointdeviations.
6. Theextentofthemaxandmindeviationisusedtoestablishthemeasuredprofile
deviationandcomparedtothetolerancezone.

TochecktheLineProfileofafeatureonapartdothefollowing:
1. Importorbuildthedesiredannotation:
a. Buildthedatumannotationsifdesired(notincludingdatumsdoesnotuse
thecurrentalignmentforevaluationbutallowstheparttomovewithout
constrainttofitthedata):
i. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
ii. ClickontheDatumbuttonandselectthenominalCADfaces,SA
objects,ormeasuredpointstobeusedtodefinethedatum.
b. Buildthelineprofilecheck:
i. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
ii. IntheFeatureCheckssectionenterthedesiredtoleranceand
datumstobereferencedbythecheck.

iii. SelectthenominalCADfacestobeevaluatedandthedirection
objecttobeused.Thiswilladdtheannotationtotheselected
objectwiththespecifiedtoleranceandview.
2. BegintrappingtotheFeatureCheckbyeitherrightclickingonthecheckinthetree
andselectingTapMeasurementsfromanInstrumentorbydoubleclickingonthe
checkwithintheInspectiontaboftheToolkit.
3. Measureyourpartandtheevaluationwillupdateautomaticallyifthereportbaris
visible.

TruePositionCheck:
Positionchecksprovidetheabilitytoevaluatesize,orientationandlocation.Thenumberofdatums
specified,thenumberofmeasurementsandthetypeoffeaturedeterminesthewayinwhichthe
evaluationisconducted.

Positioncheckscanbedividedinto2types:
Thezonewithinwhichthecenter,axis,orcenterplaneofafeaturesispermittedtovery
fromthenominal
Aboundary(MMCorLMCbasis)definedasavirtualconditionlocatedatthetheoretical
positionthatmaynotbeviolated.

Positionchecksarechecksthatestablishthepositionofameasuredfeatureandcompareittothetrue
positionofthenominalfeature,evaluatingifitiswithinthespecifiedtolerance.Positioncheckscanbe
establishedformanyotherdatumfeaturessuchasslots,lines,andsurfaces.However,positionchecks
areevaluatedeitherrelativetoacenterpoint,anaxisoraplanetoestablishposition.

Cylindersareacomplexfeaturethancanevaluatedineitherof4ways.WithinSAthisevaluation
methodisassignedautomaticallybaseduponthenumberofpointsmeasuredbutcanalsobespecified.

CylindricalFeatures:
Projected2Devaluations:
1. TransAxisCenterPositionMeasurements:Asinglepointmeasurement,orthe
averagepointfromasetofmeasurements,isprojectedalongthenominalaxisof
thecylindricalfeatureandthedistancebetweenthissinglepointandthenominal
pointevaluatedasastraightline2Ddistanceonthenominalplanarsurface.

2. CenterandDiameteratNominalDirection:Measurementsofthediametera
cylindricalfeatureareprojectedalongthenominalaxistothenominalplanar
surface.Acircleisfittothesemeasurementsanditscenterpointdefined.The
straightline2Ddistancebetweenthismeasuredcenterpointandthenominal
centerisevaluated.


Axisor3Devaluations:
3. CenterandSurfaceAxisMeasurements:Twoormorepointsareusedtodefinean
axis,assumedtobetakenatvariousdistancesalongitslength.Thediameterofa

cylinderalongthenominalaxiscontainingthemeasuredaxisdefinitionisusedto
evaluatethepositionofthefeature.

4. FullCylinderEvaluation:Whenaminimumof10pointsareobtainedafullcylinder
fitcanbeperformed.Measurementsareassumedtobetakenfromtheextentsof
thecylindricalfeature.Ameasuredcylinderisestablishedanditsaxisiscompared
tothenominalaxisforevaluation.


**CurrentlytheextentoftheMeasurementsdeterminesthelengthoftheaxisusedinthe
comparisontothenominalforbothaxisor3Devaluations.

DatumDesignation:
PositionChecksmusthaveadatumassociatedtobecorrectlyevaluated.
WhenspecifyingaMMCorLMCpositiontoleranceasecondannotationmustalso
beincludedonthesamefeaturetospecifythenominaldimension.Ifyoudonotan
errorNosizetolerancesdefinedforfeaturewillbeseen.Thissecondannotation
willbeautomaticallyrecognizedandincludedintheevaluation.
Coaxialandcoplanardatumscanbespecifiedwithadashasin:A|BC|D

Wedonotoffera"coaxiality"checkspecificallybutrathersupportitsevaluationthroughapositional
tolerance.InevaluatingtheTruePositionofafeaturerelativetoasingledatumaxisyouareessentially
checkingthecoaxialityofthatfeaturerelativetothatdatum.

CompositeTruePositionCheck:
CompositeTruePositionChecksprovideameanstoevaluatethepositionofapatternoffeaturesand
combinethatwithatighterevaluationofthepositionofeachfeaturerelativetoeachotherfeature
withinasinglecheck.

CompoundversesCompositePosition:
WhatmakesCompositeTruePositionchecksuniquefromtwoseparatepositionchecksisthat
compositechecksprovideagreaterdegreeoffreedominthelowersegmentcheckthanwould
beallowedthroughasecondarycheck.Consideracompositechecklikethis:



ThepartisfirstfittoDatumA,B,andC,whichfullylocksdownalldegreesofrotationand
translationandtheuppersegmentofthecontrolframeisevaluated.Thepatternisthen
completelyreleasedtotranslatefreelyandrotatewithinthedegreesoffreedomnotlocked
downbydatumAtofitthenominalpattern.Theykeyhereisthattranslationiscompletely
unconstrained.

Nowconsiderthesecondcase.Inthiscasewehavetwoindependentcheckswhichcaneither
beevaluatedindividuallyortogetherreturningasinglepass/failresult.Inthiscasetheupper
segmentisevaluated,andtheninthesecondcheckthepartisfittodatumA.Thislocksdown
boththetranslationandrotationofthepart.Inthiscasethedifferenceisslight.Thepartis
limitedinitsabilitytomovetowardandawayfromdatumA.



Thedifferenceismoreapparentwithtwodatumsinthelowersegment.Thepartisboth
constrainedinpositiontodatumAandB.Thisrestrictionintranslationandrotationandonly
allowstheparttoslideinastraightlineperpendiculartothedatumstofitthedata.



Asacompositecheckthisisnotthecase.Thepartisstillfreetotranslatetofitthepattern,only
itsrotationisconstrainedbyAandB.

SARestrictions:

Wedonotcurrentlysupportadditionaltiersbeyond2(additionaltierswereaddedin2009)
Thelowertiermustspecifythesameorderingofdatumsastheuppersegment.Soyou
cannothaveA|B|CintheuppertierandthenBinthelowertier.

CircularRunoutCheck*:
Circularrunoutisacrosssectioncheckthatisusedtoevaluatefeaturesrelativetoadatumaxis
thereforemeasurementsmustbegroupedaccordingly.Itestablishesawidthbetweentwoconcentric
circlescontainthemeasurementsofthefeature.Indoingsoitcontrolsvariationsinbothcircularityand
coaxialityaroundthedatumaxis.

Forfeaturesat90angletothedatumaxisrunoutcontrolsthecircularelementsofaplanar
surfaceorWabbleevaluationofthesefeaturearenotcurrentlysupportedinSA.

CircularRunoutEvaluationProcesswithinSA:
1. Theactualfeaturetypeisfirstestablished(circleorcylinder)basedonthenominaltype
(featuretowhichtheannotationisattached).
2. Thisfeaturetypeisfittotheentiredatasettoestablishthedirectionvector
3. Crosssectionsareestablishedalongthisdirectionvectorandthedataisdividedinto
groupsbasedupontheirpositionalongthisvector.
4. Aplaneisfittothefirstpointineachcrosssectiongroup(usingtheactualfeature
directionvector)andthenthepointsareprojectedontothatplane
5. Boundingcirclescenteredonthedatumaxisarethenestablishedontheplane
containingthedataandthedistancebetweentheseisusedtoevaluatethecross
section
6. Thecheckreturnstheworstofthecrosssectionresults.

TochecktheRunoutofapartdothefollowing:
1. Importorbuildthedesiredannotation:
a. Buildthedatumannotationsifdesired(notincludingdatumsdoesnotuse
thecurrentalignmentforevaluationbutallowstheparttomovewithout
constrainttofitthedata):
i. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
ii. ClickontheDatumbuttonandselectthenominalCADfaces,SA
objects,ormeasuredpointstobeusedtodefinethedatum.
b. BuildtheTotalRunoutcheck:
i. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
ii. IntheFeatureCheckssectionenterthedesiredtoleranceand
datumstobereferencedbythecheck.
iii. SelectthenominalCADfacesorSAobjectstobeusedforthe
featurecheck.Thiswilladdtheannotationtotheselectedobject
withthespecifiedtoleranceandview.
2. BegintrappingtotheFeatureCheckbyeitherrightclickingonthecheckinthetree
andselectingTapMeasurementsfromanInstrumentorbydoubleclickingonthe
checkwithintheInspectiontaboftheToolkit.
3. Measureyourpartwithinthedesignatedcrosssections.

Claysentmethebelow.Thisisfromthestandardandshowsanexamplewhereacircularrunoutcheck
isdoneonafeaturewherethatsamefeatureisalsoadatuminthecheck.

So,itlookslikethatisvalidafterall.

Sincethecircularrunoutcheckrequiresmeasurementsincrosssections,youhavetwochoicesfordoing
thisinSA.Eitherjustmakeyourmeasurementsforboththedatumandcircularrunoutincrosssections
andmeasureonce(whichgoesalongwiththeSAassumptionthatyoudon'twanttomeasurethesame
featuretwice),orifyoureallywantdifferentmeasurementsforeach,thenmeasuretwiceandmanually
associateafterthefact.

Itwouldbeinterestingtodosometestingandseewhatyougetwhenyoumeasureasetofgoodcross
sectionsandusethoseforboththedatumandcheckvs.havingmore'random'measurementsforthe
datumandusingthegoodcrosssectionmeasurementsforthecheck.

TotalRunoutCheck:
Totalrunoutisusedtoevaluatefeaturesacrosstheirlengthrelativetoadatumaxisoraxisofrotation.
Therefore1ormoredatumsarerequired.Itprovidesacumulativeevaluationofdeviationsincircularity,
straightness,coaxiality,taper,profile,etc.Itestablishesarevolvedtolerancezonearoundthefeatures
usingthedatumaxisandestablishespointdeviationrelativetothiszone.Forfeaturesat90angletothe
datumaxisrunoutcontrolsthecircularelementsofaplanarsurfaceorWabble.

CurrentlySAonlysupportsrunoutforcylindersandcylindricalsurface(10pointsminimum).
Itdoesnotsupportfeaturesat90angletothedatum.
Asymmetricaltolerancezonesarenotpermitted.
TotalRunoutdoesnotsupportSAobjectsfittopoints.

TotalRunoutEvaluationProcesswithinSA:
1. Measurementsofthedatumarefittothedatumfeaturetoestablishanominalaxis.
2. Aboundaryregionsisestablishedbaseduponthetolerancefortheconsideredfeatures.
3. Thesefeaturesareallowedtofreelytranslatealongthenominalaxisbasedonthe
datumconstraintstominimizethemaximumandminimumpointdeviations.
4. Theextentofthemaxandmindeviationisusedtoestablishthemeasuredprofile
deviationandcomparedtothetolerancezone.

TochecktheTotalRunoutofapartdothefollowing:
4. Importorbuildthedesiredannotation:
a. Buildthedatumannotationsifdesired(notincludingdatumsdoesnotuse
thecurrentalignmentforevaluationbutallowstheparttomovewithout
constrainttofitthedata):
i. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
ii. ClickontheDatumbuttonandselectthenominalCADfaces,SA
objects,ormeasuredpointstobeusedtodefinethedatum.
b. BuildtheTotalRunoutcheck:
i. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
ii. IntheFeatureCheckssectionenterthedesiredtoleranceand
datumstobereferencedbythecheck.
iii. SelectthenominalCADfacesorSAobjectstobeusedforthe
featurecheck.Thiswilladdtheannotationtotheselectedobject
withthespecifiedtoleranceandview.
5. BegintrappingtotheFeatureCheckbyeitherrightclickingonthecheckinthetree
andselectingTapMeasurementsfromanInstrumentorbydoubleclickingonthe
checkwithintheInspectiontaboftheToolkit.
6. Measureyourpartandtheevaluationwillupdateautomaticallyifthereportbaris
visible.

Concentricity*:
Concentricityrequiresasingledatumtobedefined.Themeasurementsofthedatumarefirstalignedto
thisdatumandthenthemeasurementsofthecheckfeatureareevaluatedrelativetothisdatumby
establishingamedianpointforeachcrosssectionandcomparingitspositionrelativetotheaxisofthe
datumfeature.

ConcentricityEvaluationProcesswithinSA:
1. Themeasurementsofthedatumarealignedtothedatumfeaturewhichorientsthe
nominalfeatureandthemeasurementsofit.
2. Theactualfeaturetypeisestablished(circleorcylinder)basedonthenominaltype
(featuretowhichtheannotationisattached).
3. Thisfeaturetypeisfittotheentiredatasettoestablishthedirectionvectorforthis
measuredfeature.
4. Crosssectionsareestablishedalongthisdirectionvectorandthedataisdividedinto
groupsbaseduponthedistanceofeachpointalongthisdirectionvectorandthecross
sectionwidthdefinition.
5. Thedataineachcrosssectionisevaluatedindependently.Acircleisfittothedatain
eachgroupusingthedatumdirectionaxisandthecenterormedialpointestablished.
6. Thedistanceofeachmedianpointfromthedatumaxisisusedfortheevaluation.

Tochecktheconcentricityofapartdothefollowing:
1. Importorbuildthedesiredannotations
a. IntheCreationOptionssectionoftheGD&TToolbarsetthedesired
annotationViewandFeatureType
b. IntheFeatureCheckssectionenterthedesiredtolerance
c. SelectthenominalCADfacesorSAobjects.Thiswilladdtheannotationto
theselectedobjectwiththespecifiedtoleranceandview.Ifyouselectthe
SAObjects(fittopoints)option,itwillalsoconstructanominalobject,
associatethepointstothecheckandevaluatethecheck.***Remember
thattheobjecttypeyouuse(circleorcylinder)willgreatlyinfluencethe
nominalvectordirection.
2. BuildFeatureChecksfromtheAnnotations
3. BegintrappingtotheFeatureCheckbyeitherrightclickingonthecheckinthetree
andselectingTapMeasurementsfromanInstrumentorbydoubleclickingonthe
checkwithintheInspectiontaboftheToolkit.
4. Measureyourpartwithinthedesignatedcrosssectionsusinggeometrytriggersor
anotherappropriatemeasurementtechnique.

GD&TDimensionTolerances