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Specification for Tender- Document1

General Specification for High Voltage


metal-enclosed cubicles from 1 to 24 kV

This is the common article to use for mainly prescription


and tendering purposes.
Content of it;
General condition,
Standards,
Rated values,
Main system parameters,
General acceptation parameters,
Type & routine tests,
Quality futures

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Specification for Tender- Document1

Table of contents:
1. General conditions .............................. p. 3
2. Standards . p. 3
3. Rated current & voltage and short-time withstand current and Internal Arc ............. p. 3
4. System parameters .............. p. 4
4.1 Main electrical characteristics ................................. p. 4
4.2 General characteristics .................... p. 4-5
5. General requirements relative to the design and manufacture of the switchgear............. p. 5
5.1 Introduction ......................................... p. 5
5.2 Switchboards .................................. p. 5-6
5.3 Normal operating conditions .............................. p. 6
5.4 Earthing of metallic parts .............................. p. 7
5.5 Earthing of the power circuit .......... p. 7
5.6 Switches .................................................. p. 7-8
5.7 Circuit breakers ............................... p. 8-9
5.8 Contactors ................................ p. 9
5.9 Busbars ............................................... p. 9
5.10 Connections. p. 9
5.11 Operating mechanisms .................... p. 9-10
5.12 LV cabinet .......................................................... p. 10
5.13 Current transformers ............. p. 10-11
5.14 Low Power Current transformers (LPCT) ............................ p. 11
5.15 Voltage transformers ................................. p. 11
5.16 LV auxiliaries ............................................ p. 11
5.17 Control and monitoring ...... p. 11
5.18 Voltage indicator and phase comparators .. p. 12
5.19 Fault Passage Indicators . p. 12
5.20 Safety of people .. p. 12
5.21 Automatic Transfer System .. p. 12
6. Type tests and routine tests ........................................................ p. 12-13
7. Quality .................................. p. 13

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Specification for Tender- Document1

1. General conditions
The following specifications apply to modular indoor switchboards comprising factory built, metal-enclosed
switchgear assembles.

The equipment to be supplied shall consist of modular cubicles satisfying the following criteria:

- open-ended design,
- easy to install,
- safe and easy to operate,
- compact design,
- reduced maintenance.
- safety of operator.

The supplier must be able to prove its extensive possess experience in the field of MV switchgear, and has
already supplied equipment of the same type & production process, in which has been in operation for at
least three years.

2. Standards
The switchgear shall comply with the latest issues of the following IEC standards:

62271-200 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear Part 200: AC metal-enclosed switchgear and
controlgear for rated voltage above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV
62271-1 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear Part 1: Common specifications
60265-1 High voltage switches for rated voltages above 1 kV and less or equal to 52 kV
62271-105 High voltage alternating current switch-fuse combinations
60255 Electrical relays
62271-100 High-voltage alternating current circuit breakers
62271-102 High-voltage alternating current disconnectors and earthing switches
60044-1 Instrument transformers - Part 1: current transformers
60044-2 Instrument transformers - Part 2: voltage transformers
60044-8 Instrument transformers - Part 8: low power current transducers
61958 High-voltage prefabricated switchgear and controlgear assemblies - Voltage presence
indicating systems

3. Rated current & voltage and short-time withstand current and Internal Arc

3.1 The switchgear shall be suitable for three-phase systems operating up to and including 24 kV,
and 50/60 Hz.
3.2 The rated voltage shall be 7,2kV 12kV 17,5kV - 24 kV.
3.3 The short-time withstand current (Ik/tk) shall be 25 kA/1s up to and including 24kV. (Please, consult us
for 2 s and 3 s)
3.4 The rated current shall be 400A 630A 1250A.
3.5 The switchgear shall have Internal Arc performance as 12,5kA/1s & 16kA/1s and 20kA/1s on three
compartments (1-busbar & 2-switching/disconnecting, and 3-cable connection) as IAC:A-FL and A-FLR up
to and including 24kV at 630A & 1250A rated currents.
All switchgear shall be capable of withstanding the above conditions without provoking damage (exclude
internal arc), in accordance with paragraphs 4.5, 4.6 and 4.7 of IEC 62271-1 & paragraph 4.5 and Annex AA
of IEC 62271-200 standards.
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4. System parameters
The insulation level of the switchgear shall comply with IEC standards and the values indicated in the
following table.

4.1 Main electrical characteristics


The hereunder values are for working temperatures from -5 C up to +40 C and for a setting up at an
altitude below 1000 m.
(Please, consult us for out of range temperatures and over 1000 m application)
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rated voltage (kV) Ur 7.2 12 17.5 24
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insulation level
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50/60 Hz / 1 mn Ud insulation 20 28 38 50
(kV rms) Ud isolation 23 32 45 60
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1,2/50s Up insulation 60 75 95 125
(kV peak) Up isolation 70 85 110 145
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transformer off load (A) 16
cables off load (A) 31.5
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short time withstand current at 25 630 A - 1250 A
as three phases 20 630 A - 1250 A
Ik/tk (kA/1s) 16 630 A - 1250 A
(Please, consult us for 2s and 3s) 12.5 400 A 630 A - 1250 A
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making capacity at 62.5 630 A
Ima (kA) 50 630 A
40 630 A
31.25 400 A - 630 A
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rated current (A) Ir 400 A 630 A 1250 A
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internal arc (kA/1s) at 12,5 400 A 630 A 1250 A
IAC:A-FL & IAC:A-FLR 16 630 A - 1250 A
20 630 A - 1250 A

4.2 General characteristics


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Maximum breaking capacity (Isc)
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rated voltage (kV) Ur 7.2 12 17.5 24
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switch unit (A) 630 - 800
fuse-switch unit (kA) 25 25 20 20
Contactor unit with fuses (kA) 25 25
Circuit breaker unit (kA) 25 25 25 25
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Endurance
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units mechanical electrical
endurance endurance
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switch unit (*) IEC 60265-1 IEC 60265-1
1000 operations class M1 100 breaks at Ir, pf = 0.7, class E3
contactor unit IEC 60470 IEC 60470
with magnetic holding
for SF6 300 000 operations 100 000 breaks at 320 A
300 000 breaks at 250 A
for vacuum 2,5 million operations 250 000 breaks at Ir

contactor unit IEC 60470 IEC 60470


with mechanical latching
for SF6 100 000 operations 100 000 breaks at 200 A
for vacuum 250 000 operations 250 000 breaks at Ir

circuit breaker unit IEC 62271-100 IEC 62271-100


10 000 operations class M2 10 000 breaks at Ir, pf=0.7, class E2
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(*) as per IEC 62271-105 standard, three breaking at pf = 0,2 for fuse-switch unit
1730 A / 12 kV
1400 A / 24 kV
2600 A / 5,5 kV

5. General requirements regarding the design and manufacture of the switchgear

5.1 Introduction

The equipment shall satisfy the criteria for indoor, metal-enclosed switchgear class LSC2A & Class PI
partitioning in accordance with paragraph 3.131.1; 3.109.2 & 5.102 of 2011-10 edition of IEC 62271-200
standard.

The cubicles shall be designed with three compartments housed in a single enclosure at least 30 years life
span under normal operating conditions:

- busbar compartment,
- switching/disconnecting compartment,
- connection compartment for cables and CB/contactor/fuse/CTs/VTs, (shall be interlock-controlled
accessible)

5.2 Switchboards

The switchboards shall be made up of separate factory built cubicles housing the switchgear (switch-
disconnector and switch enclosures shall be mounted horizontally in the cubicles and the circuit breaker shall
be disconnectable/withdrawable and mounted vertically). The cubicles therefore form a compartmented
distribution switchboard that can be extended if necessary.
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The cubicles shall meet the requirements of degree of protection index IP3X.
The galvanized and electro-galvanized sheet metal and metal fittings shall be painted to provide protection
against corrosion. The epoxy-based paint shall have a thickness of at least 50 micronsmeter and shall be
applied to both sides of all sheet metal. The color shall correspond to the RAL color range proposed.
The switchboard shall be suitable for mounting above cable trenches respecting civil engineering definition.

Each cubicle shall carry a suitably dimensional identification label clearly indicating the functions and
electrical characteristics of the cubicle in accordance with chapter 5.10 of IEC 62271-200.

The switchgear and the switchboards shall be designed in such a way that the positions of the various
switchgear devices shall be visible by the operator from the front of the switchboard. It shall also be possible
to operate the switchgear from the front of it.

The civil works specifications shall be unique for all cubicles making up the MV switchboard. The cubicle
widths shall be 375mm, 500mm, 625mm and 750mm. In particular, the civil works for the circuit breaker
cubicles shall be identical to the civil works for the switch cubicles.
The manufacturer shall provide an installation drawing to serve as a guide for the civil works.

In accordance with applicable standards, the switchboards shall be designed to prevent access to all live parts
when in operation as well as during maintenance work.

5.3 Normal operating conditions

Ambient air temperature:


less than or equal to 40C,
less than or equal to 35C on average over 24 hours,
greater or equal to 5C.
Altitude:
less than or equal to 1000 m,
above 1000 m, a derating coefficient is applied (please consult us).
Solar radiation:
no solar radiation influence is permitted,
Ambient air pollution:
no significant pollution by dust, smoke, corrosive and/or flammable gases, vapours or salt.
Humidity:
average relative humidity over a 24 hour period, less than or equal to 95%,
average relative humidity over a 1 month period, less than or equal to 90%,
average vapor pressure over a 24 hour period, less than or equal to 2.2 kPa,
average vapor pressure over a 1 month period, less than or equal to 1.8 kPa.

For these conditions, condensation may occasionally occur. Condensation can be expected where sudden
temperature changes occur in periods of high humidity.

The manufacturer shall provide an alternative busbar installation to witstand severe environment condition
as option.

To withstand the effects of high humidity and condensation, such as breakdown of insulation, please pay
attention on Civil Engineering recommendations for design of the building or housing, by suitable
ventilation and installation.
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5.4 Earthing of metallic parts

The earthing bars of each of the cubicles making up the switchboard shall be interconnected by a set of
busbars, which shall be connectable outside the switchboard and extend over its full width.

The cross-section of the busbars shall be determined so as to withstand the rated short-circuit current of the
switchgear in accordance with IEC 62271-200 standard.

The earthing bar shall be designed for connection to the main earthing bar of the substation without
dismantling any of the bars.

5.5 Earthing of the power circuit

Cable earthing shall be carried out by an earthing switch with a short-circuit making capacity, in accordance
with IEC 62271-102 standard. It shall be possible to operate the earthing switch when the switch or
disconnector is open.

A padlocking system shall be provided to lock the earthing switch in either open or closed position. The
position of the earthing switch shall be clearly visible from the front of the cubicle.

Mechanical interlocking (padlocking) systems shall be provided to prevent incorrect operations such as the
closing of the earthing switch with the switch or disconnector in closed position.

The use of key or electric locks to actuate the above mentioned interlocking system shall not be accepted.

5.6 Switches

The switches shall use low pressure SF6 gas for current interruption and shall require no maintenance. The
switch enclosure shall be mounted horizontally within the cubicle and the position of the main and earthing
contacts shall be clearly visible from the front of the cubicle. The position indicator shall be placed
directly on the contact-operating shaft.

The open and earthed positions of the main moving contact shall be visible (inspection windows) from the
front of the cubicle upon the customer request.

The switch enclosures shall be made of cast epoxy resin that shall be capable of bearing for mechanical
strength, as well as electromagnetic forces.

The switches shall be of the high operating frequency type in accordance with paragraph 3.104 of IEC
60265-1 standard. They shall have three positions (closed, open and earthed) and shall be fully
assembled and tested before leaving the factory.
The relative pressure of the SF6 gas inside the enclosure shall not exceed 0.4 bars (400 hPa).

The pole unit enclosures shall be of the sealed pressure system type as defined by
IEC 62271-200, chapter 3.118.2 standard.
Leakage rate shall not be over 0.1% for life span that is at least 30 years. No refilling of the gas shall be
required over this period.

Switch units requiring maintenance or gas refilling will not be accepted.

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Switch units would be equipped with analog or pressure switch. Both of them shall be temperature
compensated. Pressure switch shall provide 2 level of indication that are low level and critical level.

The mechanical endurance of the switch operating mechanisms shall ensure at least 1000 operations.

5.7 Circuit breakers

5.7.1 SF6
The circuit breakers shall be mounted vertically & laterally, and shall be disconnectable/withdrawable. It
shall use SF6 gas as the current interruption medium. They shall require only minimum maintenance and
shall provide a high level of electrical endurance. The position of the circuit breaker shall be clearly visible.

Furthermore, the circuit breakers shall be mechanically interlocked with the power circuit disconnector.

The pole units shall be made of cast epoxy resin and shall be fully assembled and tested before leaving the
factory. The relative pressure of the SF6 gas shall not exceed 2 bars (2000hPa). The pole units shall be of the
sealed pressure system type as defined by IEC 62271-100, with a service life of at least 30 years.
No refilling of the gas shall be required over this period.
Circuit breaker pole units requiring maintenance, inspection or gas refilling will not be accepted.
The mechanical and electrical endurance shall ensure at least 10,000 operations.
Cubicle width shall not be bigger than 750mm with this type of CB that includes disconector, CTs, VTs and
downstream earthing switch.

The circuit breakers shall be covered with test reports that are issued by a recognized organization affiliated
with an international organization.

5.7.2.1 Vacuum
The circuit breakers shall be mounted vertically & frontally or laterally, and shall be disconnectable. It shall
use vacuum as the current interruption medium. They shall require only minimum maintenance and shall
provide a high level of electrical endurance. The position of the circuit breaker shall be clearly visible.

Furthermore, the circuit breakers shall be mechanically interlocked with the power circuit disconnector.

The pole units shall be fully assembled and tested before leaving the factory. The pole units shall be of the
sealed pressure system type as defined by IEC 62271-100, with a service life of at least 30 years.
Circuit breaker pole units requiring maintenance, inspection will not be accepted.
The mechanical and electrical endurance shall ensure at least 10,000 operations.
Cubicle width shall not be bigger than 625mm with frontally installed type CB that includes
disconnector/switch, CTs, VTs and downstream earthing switch. And, cubicle width shall not be bigger than
750mm with laterally installed type CB that includes disconnector, CTs, VTs and downstream earthing
switch.

The circuit breakers shall be covered with test reports that are issued by a recognized organization affiliated
with an international organization.

5.7.2.2 Vacuum in SF6


The circuit breakers shall be mounted vertically & laterally, and shall be disconnectable. It shall provide
disconnection with earthing and use vacuum as the current interruption medium with using SF6 gas for
dielectric performance up to and including 24kV rated voltage in same apparatus. It shall require only
minimum maintenance and shall provide a high level of electrical endurance. The position of the circuit
breaker shall be clearly visible.
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Furthermore, the circuit breakers & disconnector shall be mechanically interlocked with the power circuit
disconnector.

The pole units shall be made of stainless steel body & epoxy bushings for busbar connection, and shall be
fully assembled and tested before leaving the factory. The relative pressure of the SF6 gas shall not exceed
0,3 bars (300hPa). The pole units shall be fully assembled and tested before leaving the factory. The pole
units shall be of the sealed pressure system type as defined by IEC 62271-100, with a service life of at
least 30 years.
Circuit breaker pole units requiring maintenance, inspection will not be accepted.
The mechanical and electrical endurance shall ensure at least 2,000 operations.
Cubicle width shall not be bigger than 375mm with this type CB that is not requesting additional
disconnection & downstream earthing switch. And, cubicle width shall not be bigger than 625mm with this
type CB that includes CTs & downstream earthing switch, and not necessary to use additional disconnection.

The circuit breakers shall be covered with test reports that are issued by a recognized organization affiliated
with an international organization.

5.8 Contactor

The Vacuum contactor shall be mounted vertically & laterally, and shall be disconnectable. It shall use
vacuum as the current interruption medium. It shall require only minimum maintenance and shall provide a
high level of electrical endurance. The position of the contactor shall be clearly visible.

Furthermore, the contactor shall be mechanically interlocked with the power circuit disconnector.

The pole units shall be fully assembled and tested before leaving the factory. The pole units shall be of the
sealed pressure system type as defined by IEC 60470, with a service life of at least 30 years.
Contactor pole units requiring maintenance, inspection will not be accepted.

The contactor shall be covered with test reports that are issued by a recognized organization affiliated with
an international organization.

5.9 Busbars

The busbar compartment shall be located at the top of the cubicle.


It shall include three parallel-mounted bars without phase separating means. Connections shall be made to
the top pads of the switch or disconnector enclosures. Access to the busbars shall only be possible after
removing a single access panel carrying a symbol warning of the danger of electrical shock. No other busbar
access system will be accepted.

5.10 Connections

The HV cable connection pads shall be designed to accept simplified terminations for dry-type cables.
Access to the connection compartment, shall be interlock-controlled accessible, and shall only be possible
after closing the earthing switch. No other access mode will be accepted.

5.11 Operating mechanisms

The operating mechanisms shall provide in front all the necessary means for operating the switches,
disconnector and circuit breakers & contactor.
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5.11.1 Load break switch


The operating mechanism box shall include a switch and earthing switch position indicator fixed directly to
the shaft of the moving pole, thereby satisfying the positive break criteria.

This box shall also house the voltage indicators and the mechanical fuse blown indicator for fuse-switch
combination units.

The box shall be accessible with the cables and busbars live, without isolating the entire switchboard,
and shall be designed for easy installation of padlocks, key locks, auxiliary contacts, releases and the
usual LV accessories.
The front cover of the operating mechanism shall be suitable for the application of all symbols, mimic
diagrams, nameplates and padlocking fixtures required by the function implemented.
The front over of the operating mechanism shall provide visibility of main contact when the switch is
opened or earthed positioning.

All switch and earthing switch operations shall be carried out with an anti-reflex lever and shall be
independent of the action of the operator after charging the operating mechanism springs.

The operating mechanisms shall be so constructed that can come out of their neither open nor closed
positions by forces arising from gravity, vibration, reasonable shocks or accidental touching of the lever of
their operating devices, or by electromagnetic forces.

5.11.2 Circuit breaker


The operating mechanism box shall include: mechanical open/closed position indicator,
charged/discharged indicator for the operating mechanisms springs,
spring charging lever forming an integral part of the operating mechanism; circuit breakers not satisfying
this condition will not be accepted,
local means for opening and closing the circuit breaker,
local means for manually discharging the springs.

It shall be possible to add, on site, a motor mechanism for electrical charging of the operating mechanism as
well as the necessary accessories.

5.12 LV cabinet

The LV cabinet shall be included in the overall volume of the cubicle. It shall be designed to house the
various LV elements required for the operation of the motor mechanism and auxiliary equipment.
For specific needs, it shall be possible to enlarge or extend the LV box by adding an enclosure with a door to
the top of the cubicle. The overall height of the cubicles shall not exceed 2050 mm.

In all cases, these volumes shall be accessible with the cables and busbars live, without isolating the entire
switchboard. LV cabinet not satisfying these criteria will not be accepted.

5.13 Current transformers

The current transformers shall have the same short-time withstand current and rated voltage as the
switchgear.
It shall be in accordance to IEC 60044-1, and be made of cast epoxy resin and must be labeled individually.
The manufacturer shall be in a position to provide type-test reports certified by an approved laboratory
affiliated with international organizations.
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Current transformers not satisfying these criteria will not be accepted.

5.14 Low Power Current transformers (LPCT)

The LPCT is a magnetic sensor in which provides a voltage output that represents the primary current, and
shall meet the characteristic of switchgear.

It shall be in accordance to IEC 60044-8, and shall have two type of application in which medium voltage
LPCT that shall be made of cast epoxy resin protection, and low voltage LPCT that shall be made of plastic
protection. And, both must be labeled individually.
It shall be easily installed, and shall be direct connection (plugging) to protection relay.
LPCT not satisfying these criteria will not be accepted.
5.15 Voltage transformers

The voltage transformers shall be made of cast epoxy resin and must be labeled individually, and it shall be
in accordance to IEC 60044-2 standard.
Depending on the needs, they shall be of the phase-to-phase or phase-to-earth type. They shall be protected
by MV fuses or by circuit breakers on the power circuit.
The manufacturer shall be in a position to provide type-test reports certified by an approved laboratory
affiliated with international organizations.
Voltage transformers not satisfying these criteria will not be accepted.

5.16 LV auxiliaries

Auxiliary equipment shall satisfy section 5.4 of IEC 62 271-200 standard.


The LV cables shall be class 2 type with a 2000 V insulation level.
They shall be marked at each end for easy verification during maintenance or servicing work.
The cable cross-sections shall not be less than 2.5 sqmm for circuits carrying high currents, or 1 sqmm for
other circuits.

5.17 Control and monitoring

All the relays, instruments and meters shall be incorporated in the LV box located at the top of the cubicle.

The relays shall be of the integrated unit type, meeting all protection and automatic control needs.
They shall comply with IEC 60801.4 and 50263 standards concerning electromagnetic compatibility.

If necessary, they shall be able to communicate:

- using standardized protocols,


- adapting to a wide range of power supply voltages,
- with the possibility of being disconnected while live without any danger to installation,
- storing the information in memory in the event of an auxiliary power failure.

The manufacturer shall provide proof that he has already supplied equipment of the same type and same
make and that this equipment has been in operation for at least three years.

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5.18 Voltage indicators and phase comparators

Function shall be able to be equipped with a voltage indicator box on the front of the device to indicate
whether or not there is voltage in the cables. The capacitive dividers will supply low voltage power to the
lamps.
Three inlets can be used to check the synchronization of phases.
This device shall be in compliance with IEC 61958 standard.

5.19 Fault Passage Indicators

Load break switch function shall be equipped with a fault passage indicator (FPI), in order to detect and
localize easily the faulty part of the network.
The latter FPI shall segregate the short circuit and earth faults, shall indicate permanently the phase-per-
phase load currents, and shall easily actuate a remote indication lamp.
The FPI fault detection core function shall be self-powered without help external power supply or built-in
batteries.

5.20 Safety of people

Any accidental overpressure due to internal arc in one of three (1-busbar & 2-switching/disconnecting, and
3-cable connection) compartments of the functions shall be resist as standalone, and gas shall be exhaust to
the cable trenches or upward tunnel to let out of electrical room trough exhaust chamber at rear of each
cubicle at switchboard.
No additional reinforcement shall be necessary at electrical room.
Manufacturer shall provide type test report to prove compliance with IEC 62271-200 Annex A for two
different Internal Arc performance;
IAC: A-FL and A-FLR at 12.5kA/1s with downstream exhaust,
IAC: A-FL and A-FLR at 16kA/1s with downstream, and upstream exhausts.
IAC: A-FL and A-FLR at 20kA/1s with upstream exhaust,

5.21 Automatic Transfer System (ATS)

ATS switchgear shall give automatic control and management of sources in the medium voltage with using
switch units.
The minimum time to switch from one source to second source shall be between (minimum) 0.34s to 2.24s
that would be adjustable.

Switchgear shall be equipped with mechanical and electrical interlacing to avoid any wrong operation.
Switchgear shall guarantee parallels operation by mechanical and electrical synchronization.

6. Type tests and routine tests

Depending on switchboard, type-test certificates may be required for the equipment, including the switches
and the circuit breakers.

- impulse dielectric tests,


- power frequency dielectric tests,
- temperature-rise tests,
- short-time withstand current tests,
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- mechanical operating tests,


- verification of the degree of protection,
- internal arc withstand

In addition, for the switches and circuit breakers, the rated making and breaking capacities shall be
substantiated by a test report.
For the earthing switch, the making capacity, the short-time withstand current and the corresponding peak
value shall be substantiated by a test report.
The routine tests carried out by the manufacturer shall be substantiated by a test report signed by the
manufacturer's quality control department.

The report shall cover the following aspects:

- conformity with drawings and diagrams,


- power frequency tests,
- manual operating mechanism tests,
- functional tests of LV auxiliaries and relays.

7. Quality

If requested by the client, the supplier shall provide proof of application of a quality procedure complying
with standards. This means:
- use of a quality manual approved and signed by a management representative,
- regular updating of this manual so that it reflects the most recent applicable quality control procedures,
- ISO 9002; 9001 certification and also ISO 14001.
- Product Environmental Profile (PEP) file

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