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TUGAS MANDIRI KAPITA SELEKTA IPA 1

MATERI KIMIA

OLEH:
I GEDE SANDI WIARSANA
NIM: 1723071005

JURUSAN PENDIDIKAN IPA


PROGRAM PASCASARJANA
UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN GANESHA
SINGARAJA
2017
MY QUESTION
1. Determine the Mn oxidation number in the following compounds!
a. K2MnO3
b. KMnO4
c. HMnO4
2. Analyze the following reaction about the oxidation /reduction in oxidation number!
Zn + 2HCl ZnCl2 + H2
3. Determine the reducing agents, oxidizing agents, oxidation, and the reduction in the
following redox reaction!
a. MnO2(s) + 4HCl(aq) MnCl2(aq) + 2H2O(l) + Cl2(g)
b. Cu(s) + 2H2SO4(aq) CuSO4(aq) + SO2(g) + 2H2O(l)
4. Determine whether the following reactions include redox or not redox ?
a. Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq) MgCl2(aq) + H2(g)
b. AgNO3(aq) + NaCl(aq) AgCl(s) + NaNO3(aq)
5. Explain what autoredoks mean? Give an example of autoredoks!
6. Write down the name of the following compound
a. MgBr2
b. SnO2
c. HBr
d. N2O4
7. Determine the relative atomic mass of zinc if known the mass of zinc (Zn) is 1,08 x 10-
22
gram and the mass of C-12 atoms of 2,00 x 10-23 gram !
8. The relative atomic mass (Ar) O=16, Al=27 and S= 32. Determine the relative
molecular mass (Mr) Al2(SO4)2!
9. 5.85 grams NaCl is reacted with sulfuric acid solution to form sodium sulfate and
hydrochloric acid solution. According to the equation of the reaction:
NaCl(s) + H2SO4(aq) Na2SO4(aq) + HCl(aq)
How many grams of sodium sulfate are formed?
10. In an experiment, 11.2 grams of compound iron with 14.2 grams of chlorine was
forming compounds. If the relative atomic mass Fe = 56 and Cl = 35.5, determine the
empirical formula of the compound!
QUESTION FROM MY FRIEND
1. Consider the following reaction equation!
2 + 2 + 2 4 + 2
Substances that act as oxidizing and reducing agents respectively..
2. Consider the following reaction!
2 () + 2 () () + () + 2 ()
The change of chlorine oxidation number in the reaction is from
3. 6 grams of carbon burned with oxygen produces carbon dioxide according to the
equation:
+ 2 2
If the required oxygen mass is 16 grams, determine the mass of carbon dioxide
produced under Lavosier law!
4. What is the mass of calcium hydroxide reacted with 6.97 g of phosphoric acid when
produced 11.02 g of calcium phosphate and 3.84 g of water?
5. If the ratio of hydrogen and oxygen masses is about 1: 8 and the mass of water (H2O)
formed is 36 grams, how much hydrogen and oxygen mass are reacted?
6. 18 grams of glucose burned with 19.2 grams of oxygen in a confined space produces
carbon gas in a confined space producing carbon dioxide (CO2) and 10.8 grams of
water vapor (H2O) according to the following reaction equation.
6 12 6 () + 62 () 62 () + 62 ()
Determine the CO2 mass produced on the burning!
7. Known mass 1 atom of oxygen 2,70 1023 . What is the Ar atom O if the atomic
mass = 1,99 1023 ?
8. What is the number of moles of C3H8 gas that has a volume of 1.12 L in STP state?
9. Determine the volume of pure alcohol contained in 500 ml of an alcohol solution of
70%!
10. A compound has an empirical formula CH. If the relative molecular mass (Mr) of the
compound is 78, determine the molecular formula of the compound! : = 12, =
1
Jawaban:
1. Penyelesaian
Perubahan bilangan oksidasi yang terjadi

Reaksi oksidasi

2 + 2 + 2 4 + 2
+2 -1 0 +1 -1 +4 -1 +1 -1

Reaksi reduksi
Zat yang berperan sebagai oksidator mengalami reaksi reduksi (penurunan bilangan
oksidasi), yaitu I2. Zat yang berperan sebagai reduktor mengalami oksidasi (kenaikan
bilangan oksidasi), yaitu SnCl2
2. Penyelesaian
Reaksi reduksi

2 () + 2() () + () + 2 ()
0 +1 -2 +1 +1 -1 +1 +1 +2 +1 -2

Reaksi oksidasi

Bilangan oksidasi Cl berubah dari O menjadi -1 dan +1


3. Penyelesaian
Menurut hukum Lavosier, massa zat-zat seblum reaksi sama dengan massa zat-zat
sebelum reaksi sama dengan massa zat-zat sesudah reaksi.
Massa C + massa 2 = 2
6 gram + 16 gram = 2
massa C2 = 22
4. Penyelesaian
Massa zat sebelum reaksi = Massa zat sesudah reaksi
3()2 + 23 4 3 (4 )2 + 62
+ 6,97 = 11,02 + 3,84
+ 6,97 = 14,86
= 7,89
Jadi, massa kalsium hidrosida yang direaksikan sebesar 7,89 g
5. Penyelesaian:
Reaksi : 2 + 2 2
Perbandingan massa : 1 8 9
Massa yang bereaksi : ? ? 36 g
1
Massa hidrogen =
1+8

1
= 36 = 4
9
8
Massa oksige =
1+8

8
= 36 = 32
9
6. Penyelesaian
Menurut hukum Lavosier, massa zat pereaksi sama dengan massa zat hasil reaksi.
6 12 6 + 2 = 2 + 2
18 + 19,2 = 2 + 10,8
2 = (18 + 19,2) 10,8
= 26,4
Jadi massa CO2 yang dihasilkan adalah 26,4 gram

7. Penyelesaian
1
=
1
12 12
2,70 1023
=
1 23
12 1,99 10
= 16,283
8. Penyelesaian:
= 22,4 /
1,12 = 22,4
1,12
= = 0,05
22,4
Jadi, jumlah mol gas 3 8 adalah 0,05 mol
9. Penyelesaian:
Misal: volume alkohol murni = z

% = 100%


70% = 100%
500
7
=
10 500
10 = 3500
= 350
Jadi, volume alkohol murni dalam larutan tersebut adalah 350 ml
10. Penyelesaian:
( ) =
( + ) = 78
(12 + 1) = 78
13 = 78
=6
Jadi, rumus molekul senyawa tersebut adalah 6 6