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Case1 Cantilever b 1000

Check singly/doubly reinforced d 5000


cl 6.7 K 0.1405009953 h 250
cl6.8 K' 0.156 cover 30
K<K' YS bar size 16
cl6.10 z 170.95916041 thickness base 300
0.95d 201.4 h' 212
use smaller value d' 4450
A_st(notes) 3850.447552 Ka 0.217442832
horizontal load
from soil 20.32003266
from water 44.5
from surcharg 5
hroiznotal force
from soil 45.21207266
from water 99.0125
from surcharg 22.25
Moment
from soil 67.06457444
from water 146.8685417
from surcharg 49.50625
total M 263.4393661

Q2
Slab area 30 m^2
axial load 720 kN/m
Point A B C D E F
Axial load 720 720 720 720 720 720
In-plane Mt 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tranverse Mt 52.68787322 52.687873222 52.68787322 52.68787322 52.68787322 52.68787322
N/bh 0 0 0 0 0 0
M/bh^2 4.215029858 4.2150298578 4.215029858 4.215029858 4.215029858 4.215029858
p(%), close to 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3%
Re-bars(BF)
bar 25 @ 125 at both face
mm f_cu 30 MPa
mm Surcharge 5 kN/m^2
mm Water pressur 10 kN/m^3
mm conc density 24 kN/m^3
mm soil density 21 kN/m^3

0.848

kN/m^2
kN/m^2
KN/m^2

kN/m
kN/m
kN/m

kN
kN
kN Q1
4.215029858 M/bh^2 % get
51562.5 % * area
25781.25 go for one side
3437.5 go for unit meter
bar 25 @ 125 at both face

52.68787322 or 10.8
0
4.215029858
3% 60000
30000
r 25 @ 125 at both face 3750
I. Determine the design forces Round Clause Eqn
Ka 0.2174428321 0.22
Lateral Force from soil
F_A 57.75 58 kN
Lateral Force from surcharge
F_S 5.5 5.5 kN
Lateral Force from water pressure
F_W 125 125 kN
II. Determine the design moment
Design moment at base
M_D 446.25 446 kNm
Effective Depth
d 200 200 mm
K 0.2027272727 0.2 6.1.2.4 6.7
K' 0.156 6.1.2.4 6.8
K<K'? N,Doubly reinforced
z 155.377492419 155 mm 6.1.2.4 6.13
z<0.95d? Y,z is the limit
Level arm
x (for f_cu 100 100 mm 6.1.2.4 6.14
x (for 40< f 112.5 113 mm
x (for 70< f 125 125 mm
d'/x 0.2654867257 0.27
d'/x<0.43? Y,comp. bars have yielded
For d'x<=0.43 For d'/x >0.43
f_sc=0.87*f_v sigma_sc = 0.0035(x-d')/x & f_sc = Es* sigma_sc
As' 1511.00920128 1511 mm^2 6.1.2.4 6.15
As 7043.71751221 7044 mm^2 6.1.2.4 6.16
Tension steel required
Provide T 40 - 175

Compressive steel required


Provide T 20 - 175

Area of steel 8980 8980 mm^2


100*As_pro/ 3.592 3.59 %
III. Checking
0.4%< ? Y 9.6.2
<4% ? Y 9.6.2
<3*thickness?Y 9.6.2
<400mm? Y 9.6.2
IV. Determine the design shear
V 263.9 264 kN
v 1.32 1.32 MPa 6.1.2.5 6.19
Checking
<0.8*(f_cu)^0Y 5.93295879
<7 N/mm^2? Y
Design concrete shear stress
100*As/b_v* 2.8176 Table 6.3
<3? Y
(400/d)^0.25 1.19 Table 6.3
For members without shear reinforcement For members with shear reinforcement providing minim
> 0.67 ? Y >1? Y
vc 1.38 Notes1,2,3 in Table 6.3
Cond. 1 v<0.5vc? NA
Cond. 2 0.5vc<v? Y & v<(vc+vr)? Y Shear links required
Cond. 3 (vc+vr)<v N & v<0.8*(f_cu)^Y NA

For Cond.2
Say fy_v = 250 MPa
Shear links
A_sv/s_v 2.2528735632 2.25 mm s_v= bar spacing
Say fy = 250 MPa
Provide Y 10 - 200
A_sv_prov/s_ 1.5707963268 1.57 mm
A_sv_prov/s_v>A_sv/s_v N,try again

IV.b Horizontal reinforcement (shear reinforcement)


For 250,area of horizon reinf. For 500, area of horizon reinf.
3750 3125 9.6.3
min diameter 10 min diameter 10
max spacing 400 max spacing 400
area of a bar 78.5398163397 area of a bar 78.53981634
no. of bars 52 no. of bars 52
total area 4084.07044967 total area 4084.07045
is area enoug Y is area enoug Y
diam ok? Y diam ok? Y
spacing ok? Y spacing ok? Y
Tranverse reinforcement (shear links for both VERT. AND HORIZ. REBARS)
vert compress>2% 9.6.4
Say fy=460 MPa
Provide T 12 - 500 c/c
For <2% For >2%
No links needed include angle <= 90%
min diameter 10
diam ok? N
max spacing 500
spacing ok? Y
Overall
Spacing <200?Y 9.6.4
Spacing <200 Y 9.6.4

In case only tension required


Tension steel required

As_req 7189.95341 7190 mm^2


Provide T 40 - 200
As_pro 31415.92654 31416 mm^2
100*As_pro/ 2.51328 2.51 %
Data In general, the procedures to des
Loading 1. Identify the effective sectional
Surcharge 5 kN/m3 2. Calculate the K value and chec
Water pressure 10 kN/m3 3. Calculate the lever arm z and c
Concrete densi 24 kN/m3 4. Calculate the amount of steel
Soil Density 21 kN/m3 5. Determine the size and numbe
unit weight of 10 kN/m3 6. Check if the limits to steel are
Materials
Concrete fcu 55 MPa In general, the procedures to des
Reinforcement fy 460 MPa 1. Identify the effective sectional
Angle of internal friction 40 2. Calculate the maximum shear
Dimension 3. Check if the shear stress v
H 5m stress, i.e. 0.8fcu.
thickness 0.25 m If vs < 0.8fcu, proceed to next ste
unit length 1m If vs > 0.8fcu, increase the size o
Assumption 4. Calculate the shear forces at d
PreferredCover (can 30
bemm
d') housing autho5. Calculate vc.
Preferred ba T 40 6. Check if the shear stress v
Preferred lin 10 mm If vd < vc +0.4, provide nominal lin
If vd > vc +0.4, provide shear link a

c/c Area 7180 7. Determine the size and spacing

c/c Area 1800

8. Check if the limits to spacing o

In general, the procedures to che


1. Determine the basic L/d ratio.
2. Determine the modification fac
3. Determine the allowable L/d ra
4. Check if the actual L/d ratio ex
II. Determine the design forces

III. Determine the reinforcement


orcement providing minimum links w.r.t. table 6.2, Note 2 IV. Check deflection
V. Detailing
tes1,2,3 in Table 6.3 v_c = design ultimate resistance shear stress of the concrete
Table 6.2
ear links required v_r= 0.4 for f_cu<40N/mm^2
v_r= 0.49 for f_cu>40N/mm^2

c/c for whole length

Type 3 (Confined Boundary)


Longitudinal (Horizontal) If N,more rebar
Provide T 10 - 200 c/c Provide
area of a bar 78.53981634 area of a bar
no. of bars 52 no. of bars
total area 4084.07045 total area
Rebar % 0.326725636 >=1? N,more rebar Rebar %
Nos of bars 52 >=6? Y Nos of bars
Dia of bars 10 >=16 N,more rebar Dia of bars
Bar spacing 200 <=150 N,more rebar Bar spacing
*All bars tied by links *All bars tied by links
Tranverse (Vertical)
Dia of bars 20 Y Vert spacing 175 N,Use 150 spacing
Dia of bars (T) 40 Y Vert spacing ( 175 N,Use 150 spacing

Shaded region

500

b1=250

b2=250 500
L-shaped wall
c/c
he procedures to design for moment, M, are:
he effective sectional dimensions and design parameters.
the K value and check if K < K'.
the lever arm z and check its limits.
the amount of steel required, As and/or A's.
e the size and number of bars.
he limits to steel area ratio are complied with.

he procedures to design for shear, V, are:


he effective sectional dimensions and design parameters.
the maximum shear at the faces of the supports, Vs.
he shear stress vs exceeds the maximum allowable shear

u, proceed to next step


u, increase the size of the section

the shear forces at d from the faces of the supports, Vd.

he shear stress vd exceeds vc + 0.4.


4, provide nominal link.
4, provide shear link and determine the extent.

e the size and spacing of the links.

he limits to spacing of links are complied with.

he procedures to check deflection by span-to-depth ratio are:


e the basic L/d ratio.
e the modification factors, ml, mt & mc.
e the allowable L/d ratio.
he actual L/d ratio exceeds the allowable or not.
gn forces

forcement

N,more rebar
T 16 - 150
201.0619298
70
14074.33509
1.125946807 >=1? Y
52 >=6? Y
16 >=16 Y
150 <=150 Y
ll bars tied by links