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cl 6.7 K 0.1405009953 h 250

cl6.8 K' 0.156 cover 30

K<K' YS bar size 16

cl6.10 z 170.95916041 thickness base 300

0.95d 201.4 h' 212

use smaller value d' 4450

A_st(notes) 3850.447552 Ka 0.217442832

horizontal load

from soil 20.32003266

from water 44.5

from surcharg 5

hroiznotal force

from soil 45.21207266

from water 99.0125

from surcharg 22.25

Moment

from soil 67.06457444

from water 146.8685417

from surcharg 49.50625

total M 263.4393661

Q2

Slab area 30 m^2

axial load 720 kN/m

Point A B C D E F

Axial load 720 720 720 720 720 720

In-plane Mt 0 0 0 0 0 0

Tranverse Mt 52.68787322 52.687873222 52.68787322 52.68787322 52.68787322 52.68787322

N/bh 0 0 0 0 0 0

M/bh^2 4.215029858 4.2150298578 4.215029858 4.215029858 4.215029858 4.215029858

p(%), close to 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3%

Re-bars(BF)

bar 25 @ 125 at both face

mm f_cu 30 MPa

mm Surcharge 5 kN/m^2

mm Water pressur 10 kN/m^3

mm conc density 24 kN/m^3

mm soil density 21 kN/m^3

0.848

kN/m^2

kN/m^2

KN/m^2

kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

kN

kN

kN Q1

4.215029858 M/bh^2 % get

51562.5 % * area

25781.25 go for one side

3437.5 go for unit meter

bar 25 @ 125 at both face

52.68787322 or 10.8

0

4.215029858

3% 60000

30000

r 25 @ 125 at both face 3750

I. Determine the design forces Round Clause Eqn

Ka 0.2174428321 0.22

Lateral Force from soil

F_A 57.75 58 kN

Lateral Force from surcharge

F_S 5.5 5.5 kN

Lateral Force from water pressure

F_W 125 125 kN

II. Determine the design moment

Design moment at base

M_D 446.25 446 kNm

Effective Depth

d 200 200 mm

K 0.2027272727 0.2 6.1.2.4 6.7

K' 0.156 6.1.2.4 6.8

K<K'? N,Doubly reinforced

z 155.377492419 155 mm 6.1.2.4 6.13

z<0.95d? Y,z is the limit

Level arm

x (for f_cu 100 100 mm 6.1.2.4 6.14

x (for 40< f 112.5 113 mm

x (for 70< f 125 125 mm

d'/x 0.2654867257 0.27

d'/x<0.43? Y,comp. bars have yielded

For d'x<=0.43 For d'/x >0.43

f_sc=0.87*f_v sigma_sc = 0.0035(x-d')/x & f_sc = Es* sigma_sc

As' 1511.00920128 1511 mm^2 6.1.2.4 6.15

As 7043.71751221 7044 mm^2 6.1.2.4 6.16

Tension steel required

Provide T 40 - 175

Provide T 20 - 175

100*As_pro/ 3.592 3.59 %

III. Checking

0.4%< ? Y 9.6.2

<4% ? Y 9.6.2

<3*thickness?Y 9.6.2

<400mm? Y 9.6.2

IV. Determine the design shear

V 263.9 264 kN

v 1.32 1.32 MPa 6.1.2.5 6.19

Checking

<0.8*(f_cu)^0Y 5.93295879

<7 N/mm^2? Y

Design concrete shear stress

100*As/b_v* 2.8176 Table 6.3

<3? Y

(400/d)^0.25 1.19 Table 6.3

For members without shear reinforcement For members with shear reinforcement providing minim

> 0.67 ? Y >1? Y

vc 1.38 Notes1,2,3 in Table 6.3

Cond. 1 v<0.5vc? NA

Cond. 2 0.5vc<v? Y & v<(vc+vr)? Y Shear links required

Cond. 3 (vc+vr)<v N & v<0.8*(f_cu)^Y NA

For Cond.2

Say fy_v = 250 MPa

Shear links

A_sv/s_v 2.2528735632 2.25 mm s_v= bar spacing

Say fy = 250 MPa

Provide Y 10 - 200

A_sv_prov/s_ 1.5707963268 1.57 mm

A_sv_prov/s_v>A_sv/s_v N,try again

For 250,area of horizon reinf. For 500, area of horizon reinf.

3750 3125 9.6.3

min diameter 10 min diameter 10

max spacing 400 max spacing 400

area of a bar 78.5398163397 area of a bar 78.53981634

no. of bars 52 no. of bars 52

total area 4084.07044967 total area 4084.07045

is area enoug Y is area enoug Y

diam ok? Y diam ok? Y

spacing ok? Y spacing ok? Y

Tranverse reinforcement (shear links for both VERT. AND HORIZ. REBARS)

vert compress>2% 9.6.4

Say fy=460 MPa

Provide T 12 - 500 c/c

For <2% For >2%

No links needed include angle <= 90%

min diameter 10

diam ok? N

max spacing 500

spacing ok? Y

Overall

Spacing <200?Y 9.6.4

Spacing <200 Y 9.6.4

Tension steel required

Provide T 40 - 200

As_pro 31415.92654 31416 mm^2

100*As_pro/ 2.51328 2.51 %

Data In general, the procedures to des

Loading 1. Identify the effective sectional

Surcharge 5 kN/m3 2. Calculate the K value and chec

Water pressure 10 kN/m3 3. Calculate the lever arm z and c

Concrete densi 24 kN/m3 4. Calculate the amount of steel

Soil Density 21 kN/m3 5. Determine the size and numbe

unit weight of 10 kN/m3 6. Check if the limits to steel are

Materials

Concrete fcu 55 MPa In general, the procedures to des

Reinforcement fy 460 MPa 1. Identify the effective sectional

Angle of internal friction 40 2. Calculate the maximum shear

Dimension 3. Check if the shear stress v

H 5m stress, i.e. 0.8fcu.

thickness 0.25 m If vs < 0.8fcu, proceed to next ste

unit length 1m If vs > 0.8fcu, increase the size o

Assumption 4. Calculate the shear forces at d

PreferredCover (can 30

bemm

d') housing autho5. Calculate vc.

Preferred ba T 40 6. Check if the shear stress v

Preferred lin 10 mm If vd < vc +0.4, provide nominal lin

If vd > vc +0.4, provide shear link a

1. Determine the basic L/d ratio.

2. Determine the modification fac

3. Determine the allowable L/d ra

4. Check if the actual L/d ratio ex

II. Determine the design forces

orcement providing minimum links w.r.t. table 6.2, Note 2 IV. Check deflection

V. Detailing

tes1,2,3 in Table 6.3 v_c = design ultimate resistance shear stress of the concrete

Table 6.2

ear links required v_r= 0.4 for f_cu<40N/mm^2

v_r= 0.49 for f_cu>40N/mm^2

Longitudinal (Horizontal) If N,more rebar

Provide T 10 - 200 c/c Provide

area of a bar 78.53981634 area of a bar

no. of bars 52 no. of bars

total area 4084.07045 total area

Rebar % 0.326725636 >=1? N,more rebar Rebar %

Nos of bars 52 >=6? Y Nos of bars

Dia of bars 10 >=16 N,more rebar Dia of bars

Bar spacing 200 <=150 N,more rebar Bar spacing

*All bars tied by links *All bars tied by links

Tranverse (Vertical)

Dia of bars 20 Y Vert spacing 175 N,Use 150 spacing

Dia of bars (T) 40 Y Vert spacing ( 175 N,Use 150 spacing

Shaded region

500

b1=250

b2=250 500

L-shaped wall

c/c

he procedures to design for moment, M, are:

he effective sectional dimensions and design parameters.

the K value and check if K < K'.

the lever arm z and check its limits.

the amount of steel required, As and/or A's.

e the size and number of bars.

he limits to steel area ratio are complied with.

he effective sectional dimensions and design parameters.

the maximum shear at the faces of the supports, Vs.

he shear stress vs exceeds the maximum allowable shear

u, increase the size of the section

4, provide nominal link.

4, provide shear link and determine the extent.

e the basic L/d ratio.

e the modification factors, ml, mt & mc.

e the allowable L/d ratio.

he actual L/d ratio exceeds the allowable or not.

gn forces

forcement

N,more rebar

T 16 - 150

201.0619298

70

14074.33509

1.125946807 >=1? Y

52 >=6? Y

16 >=16 Y

150 <=150 Y

ll bars tied by links

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