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PATHANIA INSTITUTE OF MATHEMATICS

S.C.F 13 PHASE: 2 MOHALI, PH 98145 06093


SEQUENCE AND SERIES
M.M.: __________ Date: _________
1. If the altitude of a triangle are in A.P., then the 13 + 23 + 33 + .... + 123
sides of the triangle are 3. is equal to
12 + 22 + 32 + .... + 12 2
(a) A.P. (b) H.P. 243 234
(c) G.P. (d) A.G. progression (a) (b)
25 25
263
(c) (d) none of these
27

4. Let x be the A.M. and y, z be two G.M.s


y3 + z3
2. In the sequence [1], [2, 3], [4, 5, 6], between any two +ve numbers. Then =
xyz
[7, 8, 9, 10], of sets, the sum of elements in
the 50th set is (a) 2 (b) 1
(a) 62525 (b) 65255 (c) 3 (d) 4
(c) 56255 (d) 55625

5. If a, b, c are in A.P., then 10ax+10, 10bx+10,


10cx+10, x 0 are in
(a) A.P.
(b) G.P. only when x > 0
(c) G.P. for all x
(d) G.P. only when x < 0
(c) 3 (d) none of these
Sol.

6. If Tn denotes the nth term of the series


2 + 3 + 6 + 11 + 18 + , then T50 is equal to
9. Every term of a G.P. is positive and also every
(a) 492 + 2 (b) 492
2 term is the sum of two preceding terms. Then
(c) 50 + 1 (d) 492 1
the common ratio of the G.P. is
5 -1
(a) 1 (b)
2
5 +1 1- 5
(c) (d)
2 2
Sol.

7. Let the sequence a1, a2, a3, an, form an A.P.,


then a12 a22 + a32 a42 + + a2n-12 a2n2 is 10. If an be the nth term of an A.P. and if a 7 = 15,
equal to then the value of the common difference that
n 2n would make a2a7a12 greatest is
(a) (a12 - a 2n
2
) (b) (a 22n - a12 )
2n - 1 n -1 (a) 9 (b) 5/4
n (c) 0 (d) 18
(c) (a12 + a 2n
2
) (d) none of these Sol.
n +1

11. Thee consecutive terms of a progression are 30,


24, 20. The next term of the progression is
1
(a) 18 (b) 17
7
(c) 16 (d) none of these
Sol.

8. Let S1, S2, S3 be the sum of n terms of three


series in A.P., the first term of each being 1 and
the common differences 1, 2, 3 respectively. If
S1 + S3 = S2, then the value of is
(a) 1 (b) 2
12. {an}| and {bn} be two sequences given by 15. Let an be the nth term of a G.P. of positive
1 1 1 1 100 100

a n = (x) + (y) and b n = (x) - ( y) for all integers. Let a 2n = a and a = b such
2n 2n 2n
2n
2n +1
n =1 n =1
n N. Then a1 a2 a3 . An is equal to
that a b. Then the common ratio is
x+y
(a) x y (b) a b
bn (a) (b)
b a
x-y xy 1 1
(c) (d) a b
bn bn (c) (d)
2 2

Sol. b a
Sol.

16. If the first two terms of harmonic progression


1 1
be , , then the harmonic mean of first four
2 4
numbers is
(a) 5 (b) 1/5
13. If a1, a2, . An are positive real numbers whose (c) 10 (d) 1/10
product is a fixed number c, then the minimum Sol.
value of a1 + a2 + + an-1 + 2an is
(a) n (2c)1/n (b) (n + 1) c1/n
1/n
(c) 2n c (d) (n + 1) (2c)1/n
Sol.
17. Sum of the n terms of the series
2 + 8 + 18 + 32 + .... is
n(n + 1)
(a) (b) 2n (n + 1)
2
n(n + 1)
(c) (d) 1
2
Sol.

14. If the arithmetic and geometric means of two


distinct, positive numbers are A and G
respectively, then their harmonic mean is
(a) A/G (b) G/A 18. Three numbers are in G.P. If we double the
2
(c) G /A (d) A2/G middle term, we get an A.P. Then the common
2
G ratio of the G.P. equals
Sol. Since G2 = AH \ H =
A (a) 2 3 (b)_ 3 2
(c) 3 5 (d) 5 3 numbers a and b, then the correct
Sol. relationship is
(a) A = G2 H (b) G2 = AH
2
(c) A = GH (d) A = GH2
Sol. G2 = AH
23. The length of a side of a square is a metre. A
second square is formed by joining the middle
points of this square. Then a third square is
formed by joining the middle point of the
19. If x > 0, then the sum of the series second square and so on. Then the
e- x - e-2x + e -3x .... is sum of the area of squares which carried upto
infinity is
1 1
(a) -x
(b) x (a) a2 (b) 2a2
1- e e -1 (c) 3a 2
(d) 4a2
1 1 Sol.
(c) -x
(d)
1+ e 1 + ex
Sol.

49
20. If (1.05)50 = 11.658, then (1 05)
n =1
n
equals:
(a) 208
34 (b) 212
12
(c) 212
16 (d) 213
16
Sol.

21. The product of n positive numbers is 1, then


their sum is a positive integer, that is
(a) equal to 1 (b) equal to n + n2
(c) divisible by n (d) never less than n 24. Consider an infinite series with first term a
Sol. and common ration r. If its sum is 4 and the
second term is 3/4, then
7 3 3
(a) a = , r = (b) a = 2, r =
4 7 8
3 1 1
(c) a = , r = (d) a = 3, r =
2 2 4
Sol.

22. If A, G and H are respectively the A.M., the


G.M. and the H.M. between two positive
28. The sum of three numbers which are consecutive
terms of an A.P. is 21. If the second number is
reduced by 1 while the third is increased by 1,
three consecutive terms of a G.P. result. The three
25. Two A.M.s A1 and A2, two G.M.s G1 and G2 numbers are
and two H.M.s H1 and H2 are inserted (a) 3, 7, 11 (b) 12, 7, 2
between any two numbers, then H 1-1 + H2-1 (c) 1, 7, 11 (d) none of these
equals Sol. A,B
(a) A1-1 + A2-1 (b) G1-1 + G2-1
G 1G 2 A1 + A 2
(c) (d)
A1 + A 2 G 1G 2
Sol.D

26. The number of terms in the series


1 2
20, 19 , 18 ,... of which the sum is 300, is
3 3 29. If the sum of four numbers in G.P. is 60 and the
(a) 25 (b) 36 (c) 31 (d) none A.M. of the first and the last is 18, then the
Sol. (a) (b) numbers are
(a) 8, 12, 16, 20 (b) 32, 16, 8,4
(c) 4, 8, 16, 32 (d) none of these
Sol. (b) (c)

27. The sum of each of two sets of three terms in A.P.


is 15. The common difference of the first set is
greater than that of the second by 1 and the ratio
of the products of the terms in the first set and
that of the second set is 7 : 8. The two sets of
numbers are
(a) 3, 5, 7 and 4, 5, 6
(b) 3, 5, 7 and 7, 8, 9
(c) 2, 4, 6 and 4, 5, 6
(d) 21, 5, -11 and 22, 5, - 12
Sol. (a) (d)

30. The sum of three numbers in A.P. is 15. If 1, 3, 9


are added to them respectively, the resulting
numbers are in G.P. The numbers are
(a) 3, 5, 7 (b) 2, 5, 8
(c) 15, 5, -5 (d) none of these
Sol. (a) (c)

31. The sum of three numbers in A.P. is 15. If 1, 4, 19


are added to them respectively, the resulting
series is in G.P, then the numbers are
(a) 2, 5, 8 (b) 26, 5, - 16
(c) 3, 5, 7 (d) none of these
Sol. (a) (b)

32. If the H.M. of two numbers is to their G.M. as


12 : 13, then the numbers are in the ratio
(a) 4 : 9 (b) 9 : 4
(c) 2 : 9 (d) 9 : 2
Sol. (a) (b)

Column matching
33. Sum of the series upto n terms

Column I Column II
(a) 13 + (1.5)3 + 23 1
+ (2.5)3 + (p) n(n + 1)
12
(n + 2)(3n + 5)
(b) 1(22) + 2(32) (q) n(3n2 + 6n + 1)
+ 3(42) +
(c) (n2 1)2 + 2(n2 22) 1
+ 3(n2 32) + (r) (n + 1) 2 Passage type questions
32
The sum of three terms of a strictly increasing G.P. is aS
1 and sum of the squares of three terms is S2.
(n + 2) 2 -
8 34. a2 lies
(d) (2) (5) + (5) (8) 1 2 (a) (1/3, 2) (b) (1, 2)
+ (8) (11) + (s) n (n - 1) 2 (c) (1/3, 3) (d) none of these
4
Sol.
Sol.
35. If a2 = 2, then value of r equals
1 1
(a) (5 - 3) (b) (3 + 5)
2 2
1 1
(c) ( 5 + 3) (d) ( 3 + 5)
2 3
Sol.

36. If r = 2, then a2 equals


1 1
(a) (2 3) (b) (11 7)
7 4
1 1
(c) (11 6 2) (d) (11 6 2)
7 5
Sol. C Put r = 2 in (4) and solve.

Set 2
Column Matching Same
33.
34. Put r = 2 in (4) and solve.

35.
36.