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SEQUENCE AND SERIES

M.M.: __________ Date: _________

1. If the altitude of a triangle are in A.P., then the 13 + 23 + 33 + .... + 123

sides of the triangle are 3. is equal to

12 + 22 + 32 + .... + 12 2

(a) A.P. (b) H.P. 243 234

(c) G.P. (d) A.G. progression (a) (b)

25 25

263

(c) (d) none of these

27

y3 + z3

2. In the sequence [1], [2, 3], [4, 5, 6], between any two +ve numbers. Then =

xyz

[7, 8, 9, 10], of sets, the sum of elements in

the 50th set is (a) 2 (b) 1

(a) 62525 (b) 65255 (c) 3 (d) 4

(c) 56255 (d) 55625

10cx+10, x 0 are in

(a) A.P.

(b) G.P. only when x > 0

(c) G.P. for all x

(d) G.P. only when x < 0

(c) 3 (d) none of these

Sol.

2 + 3 + 6 + 11 + 18 + , then T50 is equal to

9. Every term of a G.P. is positive and also every

(a) 492 + 2 (b) 492

2 term is the sum of two preceding terms. Then

(c) 50 + 1 (d) 492 1

the common ratio of the G.P. is

5 -1

(a) 1 (b)

2

5 +1 1- 5

(c) (d)

2 2

Sol.

then a12 a22 + a32 a42 + + a2n-12 a2n2 is 10. If an be the nth term of an A.P. and if a 7 = 15,

equal to then the value of the common difference that

n 2n would make a2a7a12 greatest is

(a) (a12 - a 2n

2

) (b) (a 22n - a12 )

2n - 1 n -1 (a) 9 (b) 5/4

n (c) 0 (d) 18

(c) (a12 + a 2n

2

) (d) none of these Sol.

n +1

24, 20. The next term of the progression is

1

(a) 18 (b) 17

7

(c) 16 (d) none of these

Sol.

series in A.P., the first term of each being 1 and

the common differences 1, 2, 3 respectively. If

S1 + S3 = S2, then the value of is

(a) 1 (b) 2

12. {an}| and {bn} be two sequences given by 15. Let an be the nth term of a G.P. of positive

1 1 1 1 100 100

a n = (x) + (y) and b n = (x) - ( y) for all integers. Let a 2n = a and a = b such

2n 2n 2n

2n

2n +1

n =1 n =1

n N. Then a1 a2 a3 . An is equal to

that a b. Then the common ratio is

x+y

(a) x y (b) a b

bn (a) (b)

b a

x-y xy 1 1

(c) (d) a b

bn bn (c) (d)

2 2

Sol. b a

Sol.

1 1

be , , then the harmonic mean of first four

2 4

numbers is

(a) 5 (b) 1/5

13. If a1, a2, . An are positive real numbers whose (c) 10 (d) 1/10

product is a fixed number c, then the minimum Sol.

value of a1 + a2 + + an-1 + 2an is

(a) n (2c)1/n (b) (n + 1) c1/n

1/n

(c) 2n c (d) (n + 1) (2c)1/n

Sol.

17. Sum of the n terms of the series

2 + 8 + 18 + 32 + .... is

n(n + 1)

(a) (b) 2n (n + 1)

2

n(n + 1)

(c) (d) 1

2

Sol.

distinct, positive numbers are A and G

respectively, then their harmonic mean is

(a) A/G (b) G/A 18. Three numbers are in G.P. If we double the

2

(c) G /A (d) A2/G middle term, we get an A.P. Then the common

2

G ratio of the G.P. equals

Sol. Since G2 = AH \ H =

A (a) 2 3 (b)_ 3 2

(c) 3 5 (d) 5 3 numbers a and b, then the correct

Sol. relationship is

(a) A = G2 H (b) G2 = AH

2

(c) A = GH (d) A = GH2

Sol. G2 = AH

23. The length of a side of a square is a metre. A

second square is formed by joining the middle

points of this square. Then a third square is

formed by joining the middle point of the

19. If x > 0, then the sum of the series second square and so on. Then the

e- x - e-2x + e -3x .... is sum of the area of squares which carried upto

infinity is

1 1

(a) -x

(b) x (a) a2 (b) 2a2

1- e e -1 (c) 3a 2

(d) 4a2

1 1 Sol.

(c) -x

(d)

1+ e 1 + ex

Sol.

49

20. If (1.05)50 = 11.658, then (1 05)

n =1

n

equals:

(a) 208

34 (b) 212

12

(c) 212

16 (d) 213

16

Sol.

their sum is a positive integer, that is

(a) equal to 1 (b) equal to n + n2

(c) divisible by n (d) never less than n 24. Consider an infinite series with first term a

Sol. and common ration r. If its sum is 4 and the

second term is 3/4, then

7 3 3

(a) a = , r = (b) a = 2, r =

4 7 8

3 1 1

(c) a = , r = (d) a = 3, r =

2 2 4

Sol.

G.M. and the H.M. between two positive

28. The sum of three numbers which are consecutive

terms of an A.P. is 21. If the second number is

reduced by 1 while the third is increased by 1,

three consecutive terms of a G.P. result. The three

25. Two A.M.s A1 and A2, two G.M.s G1 and G2 numbers are

and two H.M.s H1 and H2 are inserted (a) 3, 7, 11 (b) 12, 7, 2

between any two numbers, then H 1-1 + H2-1 (c) 1, 7, 11 (d) none of these

equals Sol. A,B

(a) A1-1 + A2-1 (b) G1-1 + G2-1

G 1G 2 A1 + A 2

(c) (d)

A1 + A 2 G 1G 2

Sol.D

1 2

20, 19 , 18 ,... of which the sum is 300, is

3 3 29. If the sum of four numbers in G.P. is 60 and the

(a) 25 (b) 36 (c) 31 (d) none A.M. of the first and the last is 18, then the

Sol. (a) (b) numbers are

(a) 8, 12, 16, 20 (b) 32, 16, 8,4

(c) 4, 8, 16, 32 (d) none of these

Sol. (b) (c)

is 15. The common difference of the first set is

greater than that of the second by 1 and the ratio

of the products of the terms in the first set and

that of the second set is 7 : 8. The two sets of

numbers are

(a) 3, 5, 7 and 4, 5, 6

(b) 3, 5, 7 and 7, 8, 9

(c) 2, 4, 6 and 4, 5, 6

(d) 21, 5, -11 and 22, 5, - 12

Sol. (a) (d)

are added to them respectively, the resulting

numbers are in G.P. The numbers are

(a) 3, 5, 7 (b) 2, 5, 8

(c) 15, 5, -5 (d) none of these

Sol. (a) (c)

are added to them respectively, the resulting

series is in G.P, then the numbers are

(a) 2, 5, 8 (b) 26, 5, - 16

(c) 3, 5, 7 (d) none of these

Sol. (a) (b)

12 : 13, then the numbers are in the ratio

(a) 4 : 9 (b) 9 : 4

(c) 2 : 9 (d) 9 : 2

Sol. (a) (b)

Column matching

33. Sum of the series upto n terms

Column I Column II

(a) 13 + (1.5)3 + 23 1

+ (2.5)3 + (p) n(n + 1)

12

(n + 2)(3n + 5)

(b) 1(22) + 2(32) (q) n(3n2 + 6n + 1)

+ 3(42) +

(c) (n2 1)2 + 2(n2 22) 1

+ 3(n2 32) + (r) (n + 1) 2 Passage type questions

32

The sum of three terms of a strictly increasing G.P. is aS

1 and sum of the squares of three terms is S2.

(n + 2) 2 -

8 34. a2 lies

(d) (2) (5) + (5) (8) 1 2 (a) (1/3, 2) (b) (1, 2)

+ (8) (11) + (s) n (n - 1) 2 (c) (1/3, 3) (d) none of these

4

Sol.

Sol.

35. If a2 = 2, then value of r equals

1 1

(a) (5 - 3) (b) (3 + 5)

2 2

1 1

(c) ( 5 + 3) (d) ( 3 + 5)

2 3

Sol.

1 1

(a) (2 3) (b) (11 7)

7 4

1 1

(c) (11 6 2) (d) (11 6 2)

7 5

Sol. C Put r = 2 in (4) and solve.

Set 2

Column Matching Same

33.

34. Put r = 2 in (4) and solve.

35.

36.

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