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00mtr width) (Patchkodiya, 50/0- Manda Bhim Singh, 57/500 -Bhaislana, 60/800 -Bhadwa, 65/0 -

**CONCRETE PAVEMENT DESIGN
**

(As per IRC :58-2002)

Step -1

Design Parameters:

(a) Location of Pavement Class of Road Concrete Grade (fck) = Charaterstic strength of Concrete Grade (fck) =

(b) Corresponding Flexural Strength of Concrete(fcr) = (c) CBR value of soil subgrade of Pavement =

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

Rajasthan SHW / MDR M-40 M-40 N/mm2 44 kg/cm2 13.4 % 300000 kg/cm2 0.15 0 / oC 8 kg/cm2 3.50 metres 3.50 metres 1437 CVPD

(d) Modulus of elasticity of Concrete (E) (e) Poisson's Ratio of Concrete (µ) (f) Coefficient of thermal expansion of concrete (α) (g) Design Tyre Pressure (h) Contraction joint spacing (L) (i) Lane Width (W) (j) Present Traffic Intensity (k) 98th Percentile load = (l) Wheel load (P) = (m) Design Life (n) Traffic Growth rate (r) = (o) Axle load spectrum as per axle load survey Single axle loads Axle load % of axle class (t) loads 19-21 0.60 17-19 1.20 15-17 4.20 13-15 6.20 11-13 9-11

Less than 9

**16 tonnes 8 tonnes
**

20 Years 7.50%

**Tandem axle loads Axle load % of axle class (t) loads 34-38 0.10 30-34 0.30 26-30 0.60 22-26 1.00 18-22 14-18
**

Less than 14

Total =

18.40 25.40 37.00 93.00 :

Total =

1.20 1.80 2.00 7.00

DESIGN 1 Subgrade & Subbase

**The CBR value of soil subgrade of pavment base (%)
**

Corresponding Modulus of Subgrade reaction of the sub grade (K) (Table-2, IRC 58)

= =

13.4 5.98

As the modulus of subgrade reaction is less than 6, so Provide DLC /PCC sub base Effective k- value (kg/cm2/cm) over 100mm DLC = 35.35

2

**Cummulative repetitions in design life =
**

C = [365 x A x {(1+r)n -1}] / r C = [ 365 x 1437 x {(1 + 0.075 )^20 -1}] / 0.075 Design Traffic = 25% of total repitition of commercial vehicles = 25% of 22713522 ###

###

0000 0.60 28.40 12.55 0. 0.0828 0.00 2 24. Axle load (AL) tonnes Stress from Westerguard Expected Design load Eqn.value (kg/cm2/cm) over 100mm DLC Corresponding Flexural Strength of Concrete(fcr) = l = [ Eh3 / {12(1-µ2)K}]1/4 = a = (0.200 0.280 0.91 16.26 Cummulative fatigue life consumed = 0.91 7.00 kg/cm2 71.13 4 0.00 18.e.00 16.675h σle =0. the Design is safe from fatugue considerations .00 20. Stress Ratio ripitition (AL x LSF) (kg/cm2) (SR) (n) Fatigue life (N) Fatigue life Consumed = (5) / (6) 1 Single axle 20.8521 (P/qπ ) +S/π (P/(0.5227 x q)) ) =a/h = b= (1.82 16.80 i.0000 0.00 16.00 cms.54µ) [ 4 log10 l/b +log10 b -0.45 0.320 0.0000 Log10N =(0.529 P/h2 ( 1+ 0.00 12.00 19.20 3 17.60 a2 + h2 )1/2 -0.5 State Highway Highway 1.69 8.00 32. 26.9718-SR)/0.35 kg/cm2/cm 44.00 28.26 12. less than 1.3 Total repititions of single axle & tandom axle loads are as follows : Single axle loads Tandem axle loads Axle load % of axle Axle load % of axle class (t) loads class (t) loads 20 34070 36 5678 18 68141 32 17035 16 14 12 10 Less than 10 238492 352060 1044822 1442309 2101001 28 24 20 16 Less than 16 34070 56784 68141 102211 113568 Step -3 Load stress for edge region : Select tentative design thickness of pavement slab h 33.04 14.00 21.00 14.20 16.26 12.20 38.240 0.0000 0.00 24.20 35.04 14.0000 As the Cummulative fatigue life is < 1.5 0.55 0.0000 0.80 24.200 0.410 0. Road Classification Load Safety factor (LSF) = Effective k.320 0.4325)]3.40 33.360 0.0000 0.00 10.69 8.240 0.48 10.0000 SR>0.41 cms.725 then 24.00 Tandem axle 36.4048) 0.51 cms.280 0.0000 N= Unlimimted 0.80 14.0000 N = [ 4.0000 0.00 43.360 0.48 10.160 5 34070 68141 238492 352060 1044822 1442309 5678 17035 34070 56784 68141 102211 6 Infinite Infinite Infinite Infinite Infinite Infinite Infinite Infinite Infinite Infinite Infinite Infinite 7 0.60 19.0000 SR<0.2577 / (SR-0.0000 0.45 < SR < 0.77 cms.

when wheel load is just over the dowel bar close to the edge of = 1 + l / spacing = 1 + 71. O. Radius of area of contact of wheel (a) = C/C distance between two tyres = σtc = 3P /h2 [ l -{a(2)1/2}1.41 cms. hence Step -8 Corner Load stress Radius of relative stiffness (l) l = [ Eh3 / {12(1-µ2)K}]1/4 = 71.K. 98th percentile load therefore wheel load = Percentage of load transfer through dowel bar = Slab thickness (h) Joint width. of dowel bars involved in load transfer.Step -4 Temperature stress for edge region : (a) for Rajasthan Region ∆t = (b) l = [ Eh3 / {12(1-µ2)K}]1/4 = for L/l = CL = for W/l = CW = C max 15.0 x radius o relative stiffness from point o load application are effective in load transfe Nos.5 11.525 = where. Fb = Fb = [(10.8 oC 71.86 kg/cm2 < fR hence.692 0.525 = Assumed spacing between dowel bars = First dowel is palced at a distance of 15cm from the pavement edge Assumed length of dowel bar Fb = 16 tonne 8 tonne (dual wheel load) 40% 33 cm 2.2) x 400] / 9.b) fck] / 9.0 cm 71.901 0.16 . z Radius of relative stiffness.5227xq)^ ] 26.41 kg/cm2 Step -5 Residual Cocrete Strength for Supporting Traffic Loads fL = fR .σte 27.8521 x (P/(q x 3.692 4. C = 16.59 kg/cm2 Which is more than 17.901 0.14)x(P/(0.41 / 30 = 3 dowels Assuming that the load tansferred by the first dowel is = Pt and .3.16 .14) +(S /3.2/l] σtc = DESIGN OF JOINTS DESIGN OF DOWEL BARS DESIGN PARAMETERS Design Wheel Load (P): 31.82 kg/cm2 the maximum load stress at highest axle load. l Permissibile bearing stress in concrete. [(10. 4.52 cms 0.692 σte = (Eα∆t /2) .41 cm M-40 N/mm2 400 kg/cm2 32 mm (as per table 8 of 292 kg/cm2 300 mm (as per table 8 of 500 mm (as per table 8 of Dowel bars upto a distance of 1. fck = characterstic compresive strength of concrete cube = or b = diameter of dowel bar = hence.41 cms.00 cms a = [0.5 0.

cm S=allowable working stress in steel.5 kg/cm2 Allowable bond stress in deformed tie bars 24.5 x 1. A = Perimeter of tie bar. kg/m 2400 kg/m3 Allowable tensile stress in plain bars (IRC:21-2000) 1250 kg/cm2 Allowable tensile stress in deformed bars (IRC:21-2000) 2000 kg/cm2 Allowable bond stress in plain tie bars 17. d 12 mm Type of Tie Bar (Plain / Deformed) Deformed bars Spacing & Length of Tie Bar Area of steel bar per metre width of joint to resist the frictional force at slab bottom As = bfW/S where. L=lengthof tie bar.50 m 1.13 /2.2 x 3. h Lane Width. β β = [kb/(4EI)]0.41 -60 )/ 71.5) W=weight of slab in kg/m2 S =allowable working stress of steel in kg/cm2 As = 3.25 =[41500 x 3.08 cm2/m 1.41 -30 )/ 71.6 kg/cm2 Diameter of Tie bar.25= 0.24 Bearing stress in dowel bar = (Pt x k) x (2+βz)/4β3EI) =1481.14 / 4 =1.35 cm Cross sectional area of tie bar.238^3 x 2000000 x 5. Of friction between pavement & sub base/base (usually 1.14 2.15)= kg/cm2 274 < 292kg/cm2 (allowable bearing st DESIGN OF TIE BARS Design Parameters Slab thickness.2 /( 4x 2000000 x 5.238 x 2)/(4 x 0. then.load on dowel at a disance l from the first dowel to be zero. P = = A/As Spacing of tie bars =100 x 1.2^2 x 3.079 Provide tie bars of 12mm dia @ 50cm c/c Length of tie bar.41]= Load carried by outer dowel bar (Pt) = Check for Bearing Stress 40% of design wheel load/ 2.77 cm 54.48 kg 5.15 cm4 Moment of Inertia of Dowel bar = π b4/64 = Relative stiffnes of dowel bar embedded in concrete.33 x 2400/2000 =1.5 Density of Concrete. b Coefficient of Friction. f 3 33 cm 3. the total load transferred by dowel system = Pt [ 1+( 71.16 Pt 1481.48 x 41500 x (2+0. kg/cm2 A=x-sextional area of one tie bar. As =area of steel in cm2 / metre width of joint b = lane width in metre f = coeff.13 cm2 3.15 )]^0.5 x 0. L L = 2SxA/(BxP) where.41+( 71. cm2 .16= 2.

13/(24. the length is 48.6x3.5/24.0 Provide tie bars of 12mm dia of length 70cm each 63.0 + 5.74 cm Increase the length by 10cm for loss of bond due to painting & another 5cm for tolerence in placement Therefore. kg/cm2 (17.74 cm .74 +10.77) 48.P=perimeter of tie bas.6) L = 2 x 2000x1. cm B= permissible bond stress of concrete.

Pavement on Kalwar. 65/0 - EMENT DESIGN :58-2002) kg/cm2/cm kg/cm2/cm CVs CVs .00mtr width) h.Jobner-Pachkodiya-Kuchaman0 to 68/0 (from 4.on of C.00 to 7.C. 57/500 -Bhaislana. 60/800 -Bhadwa.

4325)]3.N = [ 4.268 .2577 / (SR-0.

wheel load is just over the dowel bar close to the edge of slab .ximum load stress at highest axle load. hence o.k (dual wheel load) (as per table 8 of IRC-58) (as per table 8 of IRC-58) (as per table 8 of IRC-58) ness from point o load application are effective in load transfer.

hence ok .< 292kg/cm2 (allowable bearing stress).

painting & another 5cm for tolerence in placement .

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