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Appendix B

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APPENDIX B TRAINING PROGRAM
Section 1. GENERAL
B-1. PURPOSE. This appendix provides guidance for developing, maintaining, and evaluating the soldier's proficiency with the rocket launcher, M202Al. It is recommended that the platoon leader, all noncommissioned-officer leaders in the platoon, and one soldier per squad be proficient with the M202Al.

B-2. Training Objectives and Intermediate Training Objectives.
a. Training Objective 1. TASK: Perform preoperational inspection for serviceability on the rocket launcher, M202Al, and M74 incendiary rocket clip(s) and perform a function check on the rocket launcher.

CONDITION: In a field environment, given a rocket launcher, M202Al, and M74 incendiary rocket clip(s) (inert or expended rocket clips will be used for all training except actual firing) . STANDARD: Within 3 minutes after issue the soldier can determine whether or not the rocket launcher, M202Al, and M74 clip(s) are fully serviceable and functional IAW chapter 2, paragraphs 2-2, 2-3, and 2-4. All defects on the launcher and clips will be brought to the attention of the soldier's supervisor or the individual issuing the equipment. Intermediate Training Objective (ITOs) . ITO #1 TASK: Perform preoperational inspection for serviceability on the rocket launcher, M202Al.

CONDITION: Given a rocket launcher, M202Al. STANDARD: The soldier will inspect the launcher for
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(1) Damage, loose or missing parts, dents, cracks, separations, and/or loose fiberglass. (2) Check the reflecting sight for defects, i.e., dents and missing or loose parts. (3) Insure the two-position detent locks into the stowed and firing positions. (4) Sight through and check the lens for improper alinement of the reticle, obscured vision, or a broken reticle. ITO #2 TASK: Perform a function check on the rocket launcher, M202Al.

CONDITION: Given a rocket launcher, M202Al. STANDARD: The soldier will perform the following actions in sequence (1) Unfasten the latch on the rear dust cover and rotate the cover down. Insure the latch, hinge, and cover are serviceable. (2) Unfasten the latch on the front dust cover, rotate the front cover handle outward until it stops, and rotate the front cover down below the launcher tubes, applying sufficient pressure to release the trigger-handle from its retracted position. (3) Pull the trigger-handle assembly down and lock it into position. (4) Check the firing pin mechanism assembly and trigger safety. (5) Inspect the interior of the launch tubes for dents or cracks, unraveled, frayed or loose fiberglass, or visible signs of bums in any tube. ITO #3 TASK: Perform preoperational inspection for serviceability on the M74 incendiary rocket clip (inert) .

CONDITION: Given an M74 clip (inert) in a styrofoam packing container.

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STANDARD: The soldier will inspect the container for damage (severe damage to the packing container could indicate rupture of the incendiary warhead) . Open the container, inspect rocket clip for damage, rust, and/or dirt. Inspect to insure clip latch, bail handle, and rocket clip support assembly are present. b. Training Objective 2. TASK: Load the M74 incendiary rocket clip (inert) into the rocket launcher, M202Al, and prepare the weapon for carrying.

CONDITION: Given a rocket launcher, M202Al, and M74 incendiary rocket clip (inert) . STANDARD: The soldier will perform the following actions in sequence within 3 minutes. (1) Place the trigger safety in the SAFE position. (2) Position the launcher on the ground resting on its closed front cover with the front cover handle in the stowed position. (3) Open the rear cover by releasing the rear cover latch and rotate it down and beneath the launcher. (4) Support the launcher with the left hand on the sight and partially insert the rocket clip into the rear of the launcher tubes (bail handle down) using the rocket warheads as guides. (5) Grasp end of clip support strap nearest two black snaps and pull it outward to remove the strap and spacers from the clip. (6) After removal of support strap, depress the launcher clip lock button, fully insert the rocket clip into the launcher. (7) Manually or visually check to insure that the prongs of the clip latch are fully seated in the clip attachment slot of the firing pin mechanism assembly. (8) Close and latch the rear cover of the launcher. (9) Adjust sling and place loaded launcher on shoulder. NOTE: The gunner must also be taught to return the launcher to its carry

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Appendix B

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configuration after it has been extended as in paragraph 2-13. c. Training Objective 3. TASK: Place the rocket launcher, M202Al, into operation and engage targets.

CONDITION: Given a collapsed rocket launcher, M202Al, in the carrying configuration with a full M74 incendiary rocket clip loaded in the launcher and targets suitable for engagement (troops, bunkers, armored vehicles, etc.) with a flame weapon. STANDARD: The soldier will perform the following actions in sequence. (1) Check for exterior damage to the launcher. (2) Extend and arm the rocket launcher for firing. (3) Get into one of the six firing positions. (4) Aim the rocket launcher. (5) Fire the rocket launcher, achieving three target hits in four firings. ITO #1 TASK: Perform preoperational inspection for serviceability on rocket launcher M202Al.

CONDITION: Given a rocket launcher, M202Al. STANDARD: The soldier will inspect the launcher for (1) Damaged, loose or missing parts, dents, cracks, separations, and/or loose fiberglass. (2) Check the reflecting sight for defects, i.e., dents and missing or loose parts. (3) Insure the two-position detent locks into the stowed and firing positions. (4) Sight through and check the lens for improper alinement of
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the reticle, obscured vision, or a broken reticle. ITO #2 TASK: Extend and arm the rocket launcher, M202Al, for firing.

CONDITION: Given a rocket launcher, M202Al, and a loaded M74 rocket clip (inert) . STANDARD: The soldier will perform the following actions in sequence (1) Open the rear cover, grasp the bail handle, and pull the rocket clip outward until it is fully extended and locked into position. A "click" will indicate the rocket clip is locked. (2) Release the bail handle, insuring it folds against the rear edge of the clip in the downward position. (3) Position the launcher on the right shoulder so that the rear cover acts as a shoulder rest in front of the right shoulder. (4) Move the right hand under the launcher for support, while using the left hand to unlatch the front cover. Rotate handle outward until it stops. (5) Rotate cover down until it locks into position. (6) Grasp trigger handle assembly immediately behind locked front cover. Extend trigger handle insuring it is fully seated in the firing position. Insure safety switch is in SAFE position. (7) Check backblast area. (8) Extend sight by moving to rear detent position. (9) Raise the protective lens cover. ITO #3 TASK: Demonstrate each position used to fire the rocket launcher, M202Al (supported and unsupported) .

CONDITION: Given a rocket launcher, M202Al, on a range or training area.

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STANDARD: The soldier will demonstrate each firing position in accordance with chapter 4. ITO #4 TASK: Estimate ranges to targets.

CONDITION: In a field environment, given 10 silhouettes depicting targets at different ranges in daylight. STANDARD: The soldier will estimate the rangeof 7 of the 10 targets with an errorof 10 percent or less. ITO #5 TASK: Prepare a range card for the rocket launcher, M202Al.

CONDITION: In the field, during daylight, in an infantry fighting position, given a pencil, paper, compass, sectors of fire, and probable target areas. STANDARD: Must be prepared in accordance with chapter 4. ITO #6 TASK: Construct a field expedient aiming and firing device.

CONDITION: In the field, during daylight, in an infantry fighting position, given six stakes, wire or rope, entrenching tool, an assistant, and a target at 200 meters. STANDARD: The construction must be in accordance with chapter 4 and the sight must be alined on the target. ITO #7 TASK: Fire the rocket launcher, M202A1.

CONDITION: Given a rocket launcher, M202Al, with M74 incendiary rocket clip, on a range, using the table on pageB-11

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STANDARD: The soldier must achieve two target hits with the four rounds fired. d. Training Objective 4. TASK: Take the rocket launcher, M202Al, out of operation.

CONDITION: Given a rocket launcher, M202Al, with loaded M74 rocket clip (inert) ,on a range ortraining area. STANDARD: The soldier will perform the following actions in sequence (1) Position trigger safety switch on SAFE. (2) Place the launcher on the ground, resting on the front and rear dust covers. Insure the rear dust cover folds down against the rocket clip for stabilization. (3) Remove the clip latch from the clip manifold. (4) Depress the clip lock button, grasp one of the top two rocket tubes, and remove the rocket clip by pulling rearward. (5) Reinsert the firing pin housing into the launcher by rotating the firing pin housing slightly so it will slide into the launcher. Close and lock the dust cover. (6) Depress the sight lock and rotate it into the stowed position. (7) Depress the trigger handle release button and push the trigger handle forward releasing the front dust cover from the locked position. Close and lock the front dust cover. e.Training Objective 5. TASK: Perform combat misfire procedures on the rocket launcher, M202Al.

CONDITION: Given a rocket launcher, M202Al, with loaded M74 rocket clip (inert) , which has a simulated misfire, in a training area. STANDARD: The soldier will perform the following actions in sequence (1) Squeeze the trigger four times after the last misfired rocket.
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Appendix B

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If this clears the weapon, remove the empty clip and inspect the launcher before firing again. (2) If it does not clear the weapon, place the trigger safety in SAFE position and, keeping the weapon pointed down range, lower it from the shoulder and place it on a firm surface, resting it on the front and rear dust covers. (3) Grasp the side of one clip tube and remove the clip latch to separate the firing pin mechanism from the clip. (4) If separation does not occur, carefully insert a knife blade between the firing pin mechanism and clip manifold and apply pressureto obtain at least a 1-inch separation. (5) Grasp the side of one clip tube and remove the rocket clip. (6) Place the rocket clip on the ground 50 meters away (distance may be stated) . (7) Inspect the rocket launcher. f. Training Objective 6. TASK: Demonstrate aiming with the launcher.

CONDITION: Given a drawing of the M202Al sight reticle (8" x 10") and a target square (1/2" x 1/2") . STANDARD: The soldier must place the target square on the sight reticle drawing to properlydepict 8 of 9 target pictures at ranges between 100 and 600 meters. Four of the target pictures will depict moving targets. B-3. GENERAL TRAINING NOTES. Training is divided into three periods. Period one is designed to train the soldier on the characteristics, nomenclature, and capabilities of the weapon system; preoperational checks on the weapon and rocket clip; loading the launcher; placing the weapon into operation; estimating range to targets; firing positions; taking the weapon out of operation, misfire procedures, and safety procedures. Period two consists of a proficiency examination in which the soldier is evaluated in preparing the rocket launcher for firing; performing misfire procedures, aiming, and demonstrating steady hold and selected firing positions. Period three will be instructional firing.
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Appendix B

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b. Time is allocated for evaluation after training. The performance evaluations are based on the standards set for training and will determine if the standards have been met. Section II of this appendix provides a proficiency examination. c. Training program: (1) Period One (3 hours) (a) Introduction to the rocket launcher, M202Al, to include characteristics, nomenclature, capabilities, functioning, and 10 preventive maintenance ............... minutes (b) Preparatory marksmanship program .............. 10minutes

(c) Preoperational inspection, function checks, loading the launcher, and placing the weapon into operation to include 15 a demonstration and practical exercise.......... minutes (d) Firing positions, to include a discussion, demonstration, and practical 20 exercise................................................................. minutes (e) Range and speed estimation to include a practical exercise........................................

20 minutes

(f) Aiming and trigger squeeze, to include a demonstration and practical exercise..............

10 minutes

(g) Taking the weaponout of operation to include a demonstration and practical exercise...................

20 minutes

(h) Misfire procedures, to include a demonstration and practical exercise...........................................

20 minutes

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25 minutes TOTAL.......................................................................................... 150 minutes (2) Period Two (2 hours)

(i) Range and safety procedures.........................

(a) Orientation, instructions, breakdown, and maneuver to test stations ................... (b) Testing (three stations)......................... (c) Movement time between stations............ (d) Critique..............................................

5 minutes

75 minutes 10 minutes 10minutes

TOTAL......................................................................... 100 minutes (3) Period Three (2 hours) . Instructional firing .............................................. TOTAL...................................................................... 100 minutes 100 minutes

(4) Summary of Total Hours. (a) Period One (b) Period Two (c) Period Three (d) TOTAL 3 hours 2 hours 2 hours 7 hours

d. The training program is based on performance-oriented training. Time devoted to conference, explanation, and demonstration has been minimized. The soldier will learn by doing rather than by listening and watching. Emphasis should be on the small group, hands-on-method of achieving the training objectives. Soldiers should

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Appendix B

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practice the actions in the training objectives until they become proficient. When the soldier appears proficient, he should be tested by a noncommissioned officer on a pass/fail or GOINO GO basis. The evaluation tests in the proficiency examination in section II of this appendix may be used for this purpose. If the soldier fails an evaluation test, he should continue to practice and be retested. Those soldiers who have passed the evaluation tests may be used to assist in the training/evaluation of the soldiers experiencing difficulty. The recommended soldier/instructor ratio is 4:1. e. The training program, as written, is compressed to minimum time. When scheduled, consideration must be given to poor weather, training equipment availability, and soldier/instructor ratio greater than 4:1. Any of these conditions will dictate additional time. Recommend normal scheduling of 7 hours. f. The training program should be conducted quarterly with instructional firing accomplished annually. This is necessary since the rocket launcher, M202Al, is issued under the arms room concept and is not assigned a dedicated gunner. As a minimum, it is recommended that the platoon leader, all noncommissioned-officer leaders in the platoon, and one soldier per squad be proficient with the M202Al. g. Training aids and equipment. The actual rocket launcher, M202Al, is considered to be the best training aid available for conducting training on this weapon. Whenever possible, the launcher should be used. Additionally, other training aids may be constructed using the photographs and diagrams contained within this training circular. These training aids should not limit the instructor's imagination nor replace any other training aids which may be available or listed in training aids catalogs. Wherever possible, local Training Aids Service Offices (TASOS) should be utilized to obtain desired training aids and devices. These TASOs will loan or fabricate the required aids and devices. The following aids and equipment are recommended. (1) Rocket launcher, M202Al-one per two soldiers. (2) Chart depicting sight reticle--one each. (3) Plastic reflecting sight meter reticle-one per soldier. (4) Silhouette sheet depicting targets-one per soldier. (5) Rocket clip (inert) --one per two soldiers.

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Appendix B

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(6) Salvage vehicles, fabricated bunkers, and/or dirt-filled 55-gallon drums (to be used as targets) . (7) Blackboard-one each. (8) Public address system-one each. h. Training facilities and personnel. (1) Facilities. Range which is suitable for firing the rocket launcher, M202Al. Range should also be capable of supporting practical exercises and concurrent training stations. Figure B-1 shows a schematic diagram and dimensions of M202Al range. Figure B-1. Range Layout (one lane).

(2) Personnel. One instructor per four soldiers. Should more than four soldiers be taught by an instructor, the time to conduct the training program will be increased. A trained safety officer/noncommissioned officer must be present during all firing. i. Ammunition. Four 66-mm M74 rockets per soldier. One 66-mm M74 rocket clip for use in the introduction portion of the program to give the soldiers a demonstration of the capability and potential of the rocket launcher. j. For additional information on how to conduct a training program, see FM 21-6, How to Prepare and Conduct Military Training. FM 21-6 provides detailed guidance on the preparation of lesson plans. NOTES: 1. Range should be constructed on a generally flat, open piece of terrain out to the maximum range of the weapon with at least 10 meters between firing points. 2. Targets can be salvage vehicles, fabricated bunkers, and/or dirt-filled

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Appendix B

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55-gallon drums. 3. If available, an M72A2 LAW range may be used to accommodate the firing of the M202Al by increasing the width of the danger and caution zones. The backblast area is 40 meters long and 38 meters at the base. B-4. ROCKET LAUNCHER. M202Al FIRING TABLE Range (Meters) 100 400 Number of Rockets Target *2 *2 55-Gal Drum 1 0 E-Type Silhouettes *If a first round hit is not obtained use burst-on-burst for the second shot. Ifa first round hit is obtained fire the remaining rocket(s) at: 200: 1 or 2 55-Gal Drum Kneeling or Standing Firing Position Prone or Foxhole Kneeling or Standing

NOTES: 1. Although specific targets are cited in the table, the local availability of targets is a consideration. Therefore, any meaningful and realistic target may be constructed or used. Targets should be placed at the ranges specified. 2. At present there is no subcaliber device for the M202Al. A program to develop a subcaliber device is underway, but due to the limitations of the device, the date of fielding a subcaliber device is unknown. Until a subcaliber device is fielded, each soldier should fire four 66-mm M74 rockets as shown in the firing table.

Section II. PROFICIENCY (PERFORMANCE) EXAMINATION B-5. PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION 1--PLACING THE ROCKET LAUNCHER, M202Al . INTO OPERATION,
a. Test Task. (Instructor will read to the soldier.) "At this station you are required to perform a preoperational
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inspection and function check, load the launcher, and place the rocket launcher into operation. All tasks must be performed in the proper sequence for you to successfully pass this station. You have 5 minutes to accomplish the tasks." b. Test Conditions. The soldier should be tested in a clear area where the instructor can observe his actions. The launcher and one rocket clip (inert) will be placed side-by-side on the ground. c. Test Standards. (1) Inspect the launcher and sight for deficiencies, i.e., damage, loose or missing parts, dents, cracks, etc. (2) Perform a function check on the launcher. (3) Inspect the rocket clip (inert) for damage, rust, and/or dirt. Insure clip latch, bail handle, and rocket clip support assembly are present. (4) Place trigger safety in the SAFE position. (5) Position launcher on the ground, resting on its closed front cover and front cover handle in the stowed position. (6) Open the rear dust cover. (7) Partially insert the rocket clip into the launcher and remove the support strap. (8) Depress the launcher clip lock button and fully insert the rocket clip. (9) Grasp the bail handle and pull the rocket clip out until locked into position. (10) Release the bail handle. (11) Place launcher on shoulder, unlatch the front cover, and lock it into position. (12) Extend trigger handle insuring it is fully seated in the firing position. (13) Check backblast area. (14) Extend sight to rear detent position and raise protective
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Appendix B

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lens cover.

B-6. PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION 2--PERFORM MISFIRE PROCEDURES ON THE ROCKET LAUNCHER, M202Al,
a. Test Task. (Instructor will read to the soldier.) "At this station you are required to perform combat misfire procedures on the rocket launcher. All tasks must be performed in the proper sequence for you to successfully pass this station. You have 5 minutes to perform the misfire procedures. b. Test Conditions. The soldier should be tested in a clear area where the instructor can observe his actions. An inert rocket clip will be in the weapon and the weapon will be on the soldier's shoulder. The instructor will tell the soldier he has experienced a misfire. c. Test Standards. (1) Squeeze trigger four times. (2) Place trigger safety in the SAFE position. (3) Keeping the weapon pointed downrange, lower it from the shoulder, place it on the ground (resting on front and rear covers) . (4) Remove the clip latch from the clip manifold. (5) Remove the rocket clip from the launcher by grasping one of the clip tubes. (6) Placethe rocket clip on the ground away from the launcher. (7) Inspect the launcher.

B-7, PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION 3--DEMONSTRATE AIMING,, A SELECTED FIRING POSITION, AND RETURNING THE ROCKET LAUNCHER,, M202Al s, TO ITS CARRYING CONFIGURATION.
a. Test Task. (Instructor will read to the soldier.) "At this station you will be tested on the following:

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(1) "Aiming. (2) "One firing position. You must explain and demonstrate a position of your choice both supported and unsupported. (3) "Returning the launcher to its carrying configuration. You will have 5 minutes to complete these tasks." b. Test Conditions. The soldier should be tested in a clear area where the instructor can observe his actions. The soldier will be provided a rocket launcher to be used in demonstrating the firing positions. c.Test Standards. (1) Position. Demonstrate the position in accordance with chapter 4. (2) Aiming. (a) Place the target square (1/2"xl/2") on the sight reticle drawing (8" x $O") to properly depict the sight picture for a stationary target at a range of 100 meters. (b) Place the target square on the sight reticle drawing to properly depict the sight picture for a target moving at 15 kph at a range of 400 meters. (3) Return the launcher to its loaded carrying configuration as described in chapter 2, paragraph 2-13.

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