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Define Organizing

Organizing is the function of management that involves developing an organizational

structure and allocating human resources to ensure the accomplished of objectives. The structure
of the organization is the framework within which effort is coordinated.The structure is usually
represented of the chain of command within an organization. Decisions made about the structure
of an organization are generally referred to as organizational design decisions. Organizing also
involves the design of individual jobs within the organization. Decisions must be made about the
duties and responsibilities of individual jobs, as well as the manner in which the duties should be
carried out. Decisions made about the nature of jobs within the organization are generally called
job design decisions. Organizing at the level of the organization involves deciding how best to
departmentalize, or cluster, jobs into departments to coordinate effort effectively. There are
many different ways to deparmentalize, including organizing by function, product, geography, or
customer. Many larger organization use multiple methods of departmentalization. Organizing at
the level of a particular job involves how best to design individual jobs to most effectively use
human resources.

SWOT Analysis

SWOT analysis is a process that identifies an organizations strengths, weakness,

oppurtunities and threats. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, analytical framework that assesses what
an entity can and cannot do, for factors both internal and external. Using environmental data to
evaluate the positon of a company, a SWOT analysis determines what assists the firm in
accomplishing its objectives, and what obstacles must be overcome or minimized to achieve
desired results: Where te organization is today, and where it may be positioned in the future.

There for elements in SWOT analysis which are Strengths, Weakness, Oppurtunities, and
Threats. Firstly, strength is something that describe what an organization excels at and separates
it from the competition. For example, a hedge fund may have developed a proprietary trading
strategy that returns market-beating results; it must then decide how to use those results to attract
new investors.
Secondly, weakness is something that stop an organization from perfoming at its optimum level.
They are areas where the business needs to improve to remain competitive: things like higher-
than-industry average turnover, high levels of debt, an inadequate supply chain or lack of capital.
Thirdly, oppurtunities refer to favorable external factors that an organization can use to give it a
competitive advantage. For example, a car manufacturer may be able to export its cars into new
market, increasing sales and market share, if tariffs in a country are substantially reduced - the
opportunity in this case. Lastly, threats refers to factors that have the potential to harm an
organization. For example, a drought is a threat to a wheat producing company, as it may destroy
or reduce the yield of the crop. Other common threats include things like rising costs for inputs,
increasing competition, tight labor supply and so on.