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AZEOTROPIC

DATA—II

Compiled by LEE H. HORSLEY


The Dow Chemical Co.
Midland, Mich.

With the cooperation of WILLIAM S. TAMPLIN


Union Carbide Chemicals Co.
South Charleston, W. Va.

Number 35

ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

American Chemical Society

Washington, D. C.

1962
Copyright © 1962

AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY

All Rights Reserved

L i b r a r y of Congress Catalog C a r d 52-3085

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

Robert F. Gould, Editor

AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY APPLIED PUBLICATIONS

ADVISORY BOARD

Allen L. Alexander William J. Sparks


John H . Fletcher Calvin L . Stevens
Wayne W. Hilty Glenn E. Ullyot
Walter C. Saeman Calvin A. VanderWerf
George W. Watt
INTRODUCTION

This volume is a supplement to "Azeotropic Data" published as A D V A N C E S I N


6, American Chemical Society (1952).
C H E M I S T R Y SERIES N O .
It includes revised data on systems in the original table plus new data on
azeotropes, nonazeotropes, and vapor-liquid equilibria collected since 1952. No
attempt has been made to evaluate the data. Where appreciable differences occur
in data from different sources, more than one set of data is recorded. Where
minor differences occur, only one set of data is recorded, but all references are
cited.
A brief description is included for calculating azeotropic data for immiscible
systems from vapor pressure data.
In general data have been obtained from the original literature. Where the
original literature was not available, data have been taken from Chemical
Abstracts. In a few instances, data have been taken from collections of azeotropic
data in handbooks, review articles, and so forth.
Acknowledgment is made to Commercial Solvents Corp., The Dow Chemical
Co., Eastman Chemical Products Inc., Farbenwerke Hoechst, Imperial Chemical
Industries Limited, Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Co., and Union Carbide
Chemicals Co. for supplying unpublished data for inclusion in the tables.
The tables are arranged in the same manner as the previous volume. This is
based on empirical formula as in Chemical Abstracts except that all inorganic
compounds are listed first, alphabetically by empirical formula.
For a given binary system the lower order component according to empirical
formula is chosen as the Α-component and under each Α-component the B-com-
ponents are also arranged according to empirical formula. For ternary and
quarternary systems the same arrangement is used, using the lowest order formula
as Α-component, the next lowest order as B-component, and so on.
With a few exceptions for common chemical names, nomenclature in the
tables follows the Chemical Abstracts nomenclature system.

Abbreviations

max. b.p. Maximum boiling point azeotrope (negative azeotrope)


min. b.p. Minimum boiling point azeotrope (positive azeotrope)
atm. Pressure in standard atmospheres
mm. Pressure in millimeters of Hg
p.s.i.a. Pressure in pounds per square inch absolute
p.s.i.g. Pressure in pounds per square inch gage
v-1. Vapor-liquid equilibrium data are given in the original reference
v.p. Vapor pressure
vol. % Azeotropic concentration is given in volume per cent. Unless so
indicated, all concentration data are in weight %
r^> Approximate
>, < Greater than, less than

1
2 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

Corrections for Azeotropic Data—I

The following errors appeared in "Azeotropic Data," ADVANCES IN C H E M I S T R Y


S E R I E S N O . 6.

Page System

4 65 Replace Α-component, thionyl chloride, with sulfuryl chloride.


6 131 Azeotropic composition is 7.9 wt. % . This is an error in the
original reference.
7 176 Formula should be C H N 0 . 3 7 3

8 240 Replace 57% with 43% for azeotropic composition.


9 281 This system should follow system 277.
10 306 Replace "cyclohexane" with "cyclohexene."
13 482 Replace 6.32 by —6.32 for b.p. of methylamine.
19 834-835 Α-component formula is C H B r . 3

23 1059-1060 Between systems 1059 and 1060 insert:


A = C H I Diiodomethane b. 181 °C.
2 2

28 1389 Replace 59.05 with 49.05 for azeotropic b.p.


33 1696 Α-component formula is C H B r C l . 2 2

83 4708-4709 Replace 43.6 with 38 for Α-component b.p.


114 6546 Replace 11 with 154.5 for azeotropic b.p.
123 Between system 7090 and 7091, omit:
A = C4H9I l-Iodo-2-methyl propane.
149 8651 Replace reference 244 with 243.
154 8920 Replace C H 0 , 2-[2- (2-methoxyethoxy ) ethoxy]-ethanol,
7 1 6 4

with C H 0 , 2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)ethanol, and insert after


6 1 4 3

system 8909.
251 14519 % B-component should be 93.4%.
257 14658 % Α-component should be 8.5%.
267 Formula C 1 0 S . Replace thionyl chloride with sulfuryl
2 2

chloride.
284 Under C H 0 , pyrocatechol, replace system 3510 with 3570.
6 6 2

296 Formula C H . Replace 3-ethylheptane with 3-methyl-


8 1 8

heptane.
INTRODUCTION 3

Calculation of Azeotropic Data for Immiscible Systems

There are many binary heterogeneous azeotropes which are not listed in the
literature because the azeotropic data can readily be calculated from the vapor
pressure data of the components.
For a mixture of two completely immiscible liquids the total vapor pressure
is equal to the sum of the vapor pressures of the two components at a given tem­
perature. Therefore, from a plot of the vapor pressures of the two components,
it is possible to determine the temperature at which the sum of the vapor pres­
sures is equal to 760 mm. This temperature is the azeotropic boiling point of the
system at 760 mm. The boiling point at any other pressure can be obtained in a
similar manner.
Further, the azeotropic composition can be calculated from the expression

VA χ 100
Mole % A —

V A = vapor pressure of component A


V B = vapor pressure of component Β
Table I. Binary Systems

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

A Argon -186
1 o 2 Oxygen -183 Nonazeotrope v-1 71
1-15 a t m .
... ... ... v-1 232
90°-96°K.
... ... v-1 340
2 C 5 F 1 2 Perfluoropentane, 25°C.
... Nonazeotrope v-1 237

AsCl 3 Arsenic Chloride 130


3 GeCl 4 Germanium chloride 86.5 Nonazeotrope v-1 298

BeF 2 Beryllium Fluoride


4 FN a Sodium fluoride,
509°-1061°C. v-1 299

B
2_ 6 H
Diborane
5 Ethyl ether,
25-100 p.s.i.g.
... Nonazeotrope v-1 206

BrF 3 Bromine Trifluoride 135


6 BrF
7 B r 2
5 Bromine
Bromine,
pentafluoride
1760 m m .
... Nonazeotrope
75 84.4
v-1
v-1
200
101

8 F H
"
Hydrogen
3800 m m .
fluoride
...
19.4
100
Azeotropic
81.5 v-1 101
91
9 F U 6 Uranium hexafluoride 56 Nonazeotrope 91

BrF 5 Bromine Pentafluoride


10 F H Hydrogen fluoride 19.4 20 56 4,91
4 atm. 79 91

56 · ·
11

11 F U 6 Uranium hexafluoride M i n . b.p. 82 91


" 3 atm. Nonazeotrope v-1 203
.1 o 7 0

... Nonazeotrope v-1 203


" 90°
•. . Nonazeotrope v-1 203
" 100 p . s . i . a .
... 62.5 91

Br 2 Bromine 58.9
12 F H Hydrogen fluoride 19.4 Azeotropic 91
13 F U 6 Uranium hexafluoride 56 Azeotropic 91
14 CC1 4 Carbon tetrachloride,
736 m m . 76 57.7 89.1 v-1 311
15 C C1 F 2 3 3 l,l,2-Trichloro-l,2,
2 -1 r i f l u o r o e t h a n e 47.6 41 40.8 v-1 312
16 C C1 F 2 4 2 1,1,1,2- Te trachl or 0 -
2,2 - d i f l u o r o e t h a n e 91.6 57.8 89.5 v-1 312
17 C HC1 F 2 3 2 l,2,2-Trichloro-l,l-
difluoroethane,
736 m m . 71.1 54.1 73.5 v-1 313
18 C H C1 F 2
2 2 2 l,l-Dichloro-2,2-
difluoroethane,
735 m m . 59 49.6 62 v-1 313
19 C
3 C 1
3 F
5
l,2,2-Trichloro-l,l,
3,3,3-pentafluoro-
propane 72.5 49.1 60.5 v-1 312
20 ^7^5F 3 a, a, a - T r i f l u o r o t o l u e n e 103.9 58.1 97 v-1 312

Br P 3 Phosphorus T r i b r o m i d e 175.3
21 Cn H
2 n + 2 Paraffin hydrocarbons Min. b.p. 234

5
ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Ccmponent Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

A= CO 2 Carbon Dioxide -78.5


22 H S 2 Hydrogen sulfide,
20-80 a t m . -59.6 Nonazeotrope v-1 16,
17
23 N 0 2 N i t r o u s oxide -90.7 Min. b.p. v-1 293
24 C H 2 2 Acetylene -84 Nonazeotrope v-1 293
Nonazeotrope v-1 293
' Crit. press.
.. .
r

293
25 C H 2 4
E t h y l e n e , <4 a t m .
11
12 a t m .
.. . Nonazeotrope
28.9
v-1
v-1 293
" Crit. press. 51 v-1 293
Ethane -88.6 59.5 v-1 293
26 C H
" Crit. press.
... 77.5 v-1 293
2 6

Chlorine T r i f l u o r i d e
A = C1F 4
3
Hydrogen chloride -85 Reacts
27 c m Hydrogen fluoride 19.4 Azeotropic 91
28 F H " 1183 m m . 20 93 v-1 90
90 p . s . i . g .
11 94.5 91
" 125 p . s . i . g . 94 91
143 p . s . i . g .
11 93.8 91
" 148 p . s . i . g . 93.7 91
Uranium hexafluoride 56* Nonazeotrope v-1 89,
91

C1H Hydrogen Chloride -85


30 C l 2 C h l o r i n e , 350 m m . -44 Nonazeotrope 4
31 H 0 9 W a t e r , 100 p . s . i . g . 169 177 85.2 334
" 520 p . s . i . g . 244 250 93.5 334
11
860 p . s . i . g . 275 280 97.2 334
" 1360 p . s . i . g . 306 310 99.4 334
" 1815 p . s . i . g . 328 330 99.9 334
32 C H . O Methanol 64.7 Max. b.p. 76

A = Cl 2 Chlorine -34.6
33 F H Hydrogen fluoride,
350 m m . 3.0 -47 92 4
19.4 -35 4

A = C1 S0 2 2 Sulfuryl Chloride 69.1


34 CCI4 Carbon tetrachloride 76.75 Nonazeotrope v-1 338
35 C C 1
2 6 Hexachloroethane 184.8 Nonazeotrope v-1 338
36 C H C 1
2 2 4 1,1,2,2,-Tetra-
chloroethane 146.2 Nonazeotrope v-1 338
37 C H C12
2 4 1,2- D i c h l o r o e t h a n e 83.45 Nonazeotrope v-1 338

A = CI3HS1 Trichlorosilane
38 C H
6 6 Benzene, 30°-40°C. Nonazeotrope,
v.p. curve 302

A = CI3P Phosphorus T r i c h l o r i d e 76
39 C H
6 1 2 Cyclohexane 80.75 Nonazeotrope 236
40 C H
6 1 4 Hexane 68.8 68.7 8 v o l .% 234
41 C H
7 1 6 2.2- Dimethylpentane 79.1 M i n . b.p. 234, 236
42 cWie 2.3- Dimethylpentane 89.8 74.5 98.8 v o l . % 234
43 C Hi
7 6 2.4- Dimethylpentane 80.5 74.2 73 234
44 C H
7 1 6
2,2,3 - T r i m e t h y l b u t a n e 80.9 74.5 77 234

A = Cl Si 4 Silicon Tetrachloride 57.6


45 CH3S1CI3 Methyl trichloro­ Nonazeotrope,
silane, 20°-66° v.p. curve 179
46 C H S i C l 4 2 Methyl dichloro- •. · Nonazeotrope,
silane, 20°-66° v.p. curve 179

A = Cl Sn 4 T i n Chloride 114.1
47 C C I . Carbon tetrachloride 76.8 Nonazeotrope v-1 34
Il-Octane 125.7 Nonazeotrope v-1 34
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 7

Β-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

CI4T1 Titanium Tetrachloride 146.2


4 9 Ç2CI4O Trichloroacetyl
chloride 118 Nonazeotrope v-1 300
50 C2H2CI2O Chloroacetyl chloride 105 Nonazeotrope v-1 300
51 C2H2CI4 1,1,2,2- Tetrachlorο -
ethane, 740 m m . 136.6 135.4 91.7 v-1 32

A= DH Deuterium Hydride
52 D 2 Deuterium, 18°-28°K. -249.7 Nonazeotrope v-1 238
53 H 2 H y d r o g e n , 18 - 2 8 K .
0 0
-252.7 Nonazeotrope v-1 238

A = D 2 Deuterium -249.7
54 H 2 Hydrogen, 18°-28° K . -252.7 Nonazeotrope v-1 238

A = FH Hydrogen F l u o r i d e 19.
55 F S b 5 Antimony pentafluoride 142. Nonazeotrope v-1 301
56 F U 6 Uranium hexafluoride
" 85 p.s.i.g. 22 91
110 p . s . i . g .
11
18 91
" 132 p . s . i . g . 15 91
145 p . s . i . g .
11
14 91
57 CC1 F 2 2 Dichlorodifluoromethane,
150 p . s . i . g . 48 39 7.5 334
58 CHC1F 2 Chlorodifluoromethane
70 p . s . i . g .
11
7 <7 3 334
150 p . s . i . g .
11
29 24 2.7 334
" 230 p.s.i.g. 45 36 2.8 334
5 9 C2HF3O2 Trifluoroacetic acid Nonazeotrope v-1 222

A= F S
6 Sulfur Hexafluoride
60 C F 5 1 2 Perflnoropentane, 25°C, - Nonazeotrope v-1 237

A= F W
6 Tungsten Hexafluoride 25/1019; 45/1982 m m .
61 CjFxo Perfluorocyclo-
pentane 25/833 25/1035 85.4 v-1 288
45/1642 45/2010 83.4 v-1 288
6 2 C5F 12 Perfluoropentane,
1140 m m . 40.86 28.11 93.2 v-1 13

A = HNO3 Nitric Acid 86


63 H2O Water, 50m m . 37 57.8 13.7 v-1 19
11
100 m m . 51.6 72.4 13.8 v-1 19
11
200 m m . 66.5 86.4 14.0 v-1 19
11
400 m m . 83.0 103.2 14.2 v-1 19
11
760 m m . 100 120.7 14.4 v-1 19
See a l s o H2O-N2O5 below
6 4 CHCI3 Chloroform 61 47.5 15 258

H 0 2 Water 100
65
66 H2SO4
H 0 2 2 Hydrogen peroxide
.. . v-1 104
334
Hydrogen sulfate
• . . 330 1.7
200 m m .
... ... 1.6 334
11

67 H4N2 Hydrazine,
124.8 m m . 66.8 74.2 33.2 v-1 30
281.8 m m .
11
86.5 93.3 32.3 v-1 30
" 411.2 m m . 96.8 103.6 31.0 v-1 30
" 560.4 m m . 105.2 111.3 31.4 v-1 30
700.6 m m .
11
111.7 117.6 32.6 v-1 30
760 m m .
11
113.8 120 32.3 v-1 30
68 N2O5 Nitrogen pentoxide
M ... Max. b.p. 40 v-1 199

II .. . Min. b.p. 14.3 199

69 C S 2 Carbon disulfide 46.5... Max. b.p.


43.6
12.5
2
199
334
70 CHCI3 Chloroform 61 56.1 2.8 56
71 CH2O2 F o r m i c a c i d , 40-760 m m . . . .
II ... ... v-1 42
100.75 107.65 25.5 v-1 56,
217, 360
ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

H2O Water (continued) 100


72 CH N0 3 2 Nitromethane 101.2 83.59 23.6 54, 55
73 CH 0 4 Methanol 64.7 Nonazeotrope v - -1 68
74 C j C L j F a 1,1,2 - T r i c h l o r o t r i -
fluoroethane 47.5 44.5 1.0 334
75 C 2 C 1 4 Tetrachloroethylene 121 88.5 17.2 334
121 87.7 15.8 17d
76 C 2 H F 3 O 2 Trifluoroacetic acid ... 105 21 222
7 7 C j H g c y s r O a Methyl N,N-dichlo-
rocarbamate ... 93 50 v o l . % 39
78 C2H3CI3 1,1,2-Trichloro-
ethane 113.8 86.0 16.4 334
79 C H N 2 3 A c e t o n i t r i l e , 10 m m . -15 <-16 2.6 336
" 50 m m . 13 <12 5.8 336
" 760 m m . 80.1 76.5 16.3 336
80 C 2 H 4 C 1 2 1,2 - D i c h l o r o e t h a n e 83.5 71.6 8.2 334
M
... 75.5 8.2 55
11
150 m m . ... 33.5 4.9 55
" 75 m m . ... 19.0 4.9 55
81 € Η4θ
2 2 Acetic acid 118.1 Nonazeotrope v - -1 56
82 C HsBrO
2 2 -Bromoethanol,
150 m m . 100 58 55.7 76
83 C 2 H 5 C 1 0 2-Chloroethanol,
50 m m . 60 37.1 60.2 334
" 100 m m . 75 51.1 59.3 334
84 C H5N0
2 2 Nitroethane 114.07 87.22 28.5 54, 55
85 C H60
2 Ethyl alcohol,
150°-350° C . ... ... . .. v --1 14
11
250-2500 m m . ... .. . ... v --1 251
86 C He0
2 2 Ethylene glycol,
76-760 m m . .. . Nonazeotrope v --1 60
87 C H NO 2 7 2 - Aminoethanol 170.5 Nonazeotrope 334
" 100 m m . 112 Nonazeotrope 334
88 C H N 2 8 2 1,1 - D i m e t h y l h y d r a -
zine,
II
102 m m . .. . Max. b.p. 82.5 37
Nonazeotrope 37
89 C 2 H e N 2 1,2 - E t h y l e n e d i a m i n e 116 18.0 v - -1 76
" >3400 m m . Nonazeotrope 76
II 334
116.9 119 18.4
90 C HF 0 3 5 2 Pentafluoropropionic
acid ... 109 10 222
91 C 3 H 3 N Acrylonitrile 77.2 70.6 14.3 334
92 C3H3NS T h i a z o l e , 695.5 m m . .. . 90 34.8 v - •1 219
" 750 m m . 111.5 92.1 35.3 v - -1 219
93 C3H 0 4 Acrolein 52.8 52.4 2.6 334
94 C H 0 3 4 2-Propyn-l-ol 115 97 54.5 95
95 C H 0 3 4 2 Acrylic acid 141.2 Nonazeotrope 334
96 C H 0 3 4 3 Ethylene carbonate ... Nonazeotrope 334
97 CjEUCl 3 -Chloropropene 44.9 43.0 2.2 334
98 C 3 H 5 C 1 M ethylvinyl chloride .. . 33 0.9 334
99 C H NO 3 5 Hydr acrylonitrile 229.7 Nonazeotrope 334
100 C g H g C i p 2,3-Dichloro-l-
propanol 183.8 99.4 87 334
101 C H 0 3 6 Acetone 56.1 Nonazeotrope v --1 254
" 50 p . s . i . a . .. . Nonazeotrope V " -1 254
" 100 p . s . i . a . ... 125.4 5.2 v --1 254
" 200 p . s . i . a . ... 157.6 7.2 V -1 254
11
250 p . s . i . a . ... 168.4 9.4 v --1 254
11
500 p . s . i . a . ... 206.0 14.3 V -1 254
102 C H 0 3 6 A l l y l a l c o h o l , 752 m m . 96.90 ... ... v --1 130
103 C H^O
3 Propionaldehyde 47.9 47.5 2 334
II
... 47.5 2.5 84
104 C H « p3 Propylene oxide 35 Nonazeotrope v --1 60
105 C ^ Q , 1,3-Dioxolane 75.6 71.9 7 334
106 C a H O a Ethyl formate 54.2 52.6 5 334
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS

Β-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B . P . / C . B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

H 0 2 Water (continued) 100


107 2 -Methoxyacetalde -
h y d e , 770 m m . 92 88.5 12.8 77
108 C H 0
3 6 2 Methyl acetate,
<10 p . s . i . a . Nonazeotrope 131
n
56^ 56.1 5 334
" 265 m m . 30 30 1.5 334
109 C H C1
3 7 1 -Chloropropane 46.6 44 2.2 334
110 C H C1
3 7 2 -Chloropropane 36.5 35.0 1 334
111 C H NO
3 7 Dimethylf or mamide,
500 m m . 138 Nonazeotrope 334
200-760 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 319
>•· ·
11

112 C H N0
3 7 2 1 -Nitropropane 131.18 91.63 36.5 54, 55
113 C H N0
3 7 2 2 -Nitropropane 120.25 88.55 29.4 54, 55
114 C H O
3 e P r o p y l a l c o h o l , 47 m m . .. . 31.8 117
" 200 m m . 56.68 29.6 v-1 228,
306
11
400 mm. 71.92 29.0 v-1 306
" 600 mm.
•·· 81.68 28.5 v-1 306
II •·· 87.65 28.3 v-1 306
II
In 1.5M C a C l Solution
9 v-1 72
115 C3H O e Isopropyl alcohol,
95 m m . ... 36 13 v-1 347
" 190 m m . 49.33 12.8 v-1 347
" 380 m m .
•·· 63.90 12.6 v-1 347
11
760 m m .
•··
82.5 80.10 12.0 v-1 347
11
3087 m m . 120.45 11.7 v-1 347
150°-300° C. v-1 14
.··
11

II
.. . Evaporation data 196
II
E f f e c t of d i s s o l v e d s a l t v-1 265
116 C He0
3 2 2-Methoxyethanol,
100 m m . 51.5 80.5 v-1 152
• ·.
11
752 m m . ... 99.2 81 v-1 152
" 150 m m . 79.2 Nonazeotrope 334
" 760 m m . 124.6 99.9 84.7 334
" 100 p . s . i . g . 212 169 73.3 334
117 C H 0
3 8 2 1,2 - P r o p a n e d i o l 188 Nonazeotrope v-1 60
118 C H 0
3 8 2 1,3- P r o p a n e d i o l 214.8 Nonazeotrope v-1 334
119 C ^ N Propylamine 47.8 Nonazeotrope 334
120 CaHçN Trimethylamine 3.2 75.5 10 v-1 148
" o°-ioo° c. ... v-1 148
121 C 3 H9NO 1 -Amino - 2 -propanol 159.9 Nonazeotrope 334
122 C 4 HF 0 7 2 Perfluorobutyric acid 122.0 97 71 222
123 C 4 H5N 3-Butenenitrile 118.9 89.4 34 334
124 C 4 HjN Methac rylonitrile .. . 76.5 16 269
125 C 4 H C1N
6 2 - C h l o r o -2 - m e t h y l -
propionitrile 116 87 22 269
126 C H 0
4 6 C rotonaldehy de,
111 m m . 84.9 40 19 334
11
273 m m . 112.3 60 22 334
M
412 m m . 126.4 70 23 334
II
102.4 84 24.8 96,
142, 334
127 M ethac r ylaldehyde 68.0 63.6 7.7 269, 334
128 3-Butenoic acid Nonazeotrope 334
129 trans-Crotonic acid 185 Nonazeotrope 334
130 Crotonic acid ... 99.9 97.8 84
131 Butyrolactone 204.3 Nonazeotrope 334
132 cfto 2 V i n y l acetate 72.7 66 7.3 334
133 Propylene carbonate 242.1 Nonazeotrope 334
134 2-Chloroethyl vinyl
ether 109.1 84 17 334
135 C H N
4 7 Butyronitrile 117.6 88.7 32.5 334
136 C H NO
4 7 2-Hydroxyisobutyro-
n i t r i l e , 30 m m . ... Nonazeotrope 334
11
50 m m . Nonazeotrope 334
ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B . P . / C . B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

H 0 2 Water (continued) 100


137 C H C1 0
4 8 2 Bis(2-chloroethyl)
ether 179.2 98 65.5 334
138 C H 0
4 8 2 -Butanone 79.6 73.4 11.0 78
" 3.5 p . s . i . g . 79.3 12.1 78
11
9.2 p . s . i . g . 88.0 12.5 78
11
30 p . s . i . g . 111 15.8 78
" 60 p . s . i . g . 125 18.3 78
M
14.7 p . s . i . a . 73.3 11.6 v-1 254
" 50 p . s . i . a . 112.2 15.9 254
" 100 p . s . i . a . 139.0 19.3 254
11
250 p . s . i . a . 180.7 23.4 254
11
500 p . s . i . a . 216.1 26.4 254
t!
Evaporation behavior 196
139 C H30
4 Butyraldehyde 74.8 68.0 9.7 334
... 6.7 84
II
67.8
140 C f t O Ethyl vinyl ether 35.5 34.6 1.5 334
141 c ^ o I sobuty raldehyde 63.5 64.3 6.7 84
142 Methyl propenyl ether 46.3 46.3 0.5 334
143 C HeOS
4 2 -Methylthiopropional-
dehyde, 85 m m . ... 48 64 76
" 412 m m . 82 60 76
11
753 m m . 97.5 68 76
11
759 m m . 97.5 63 76
144 C HeOS
4 1,4-Oxathiane 14^2 95.6 48 334
145 C He0
4 2 p-Dioxane E f f e c t of d i s s o l v e d salt v-1 265
~ " 260 m m . ... 60 15.4 60
146 C He0
4 2 Ethoxyacetaldehyde 105 90 21.8 77
147 2 - Hydr oxybutyr -
a l d e h y d e , 80 m m . .. . Nonazeotrope 334
148 C Hg02
4 Isobutyric acid 154.5 98.8 71.8 84
149 3 -Methoxypropional -
C
J¥>2
d e h y d e , 100 m m . .. . 45 30 334
150 C H 0
4 8 2 2 - M e t h y l-1,3 -dioxolane 82.5 75 8 76
151 C^O?. Methyl propionate 79.7 71.0 8.2 84
152 C^eOz 2-Vinyloxyethanol 143 98 65 94
153 C H NO
4 9 Morpholine 128.3 Nonazeotrope 334
154 C H N0 4 9 2
N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)
acetamide Nonazeotrope 334
155 C H 4 1 0 O Butyl alcohol Evaporation behavior 196
11
250-2500 m m . ... ... ... v-1 251
" 30 m m . 48 28 52.4 335
156 C H 4 1 0 O sec-Butyl alcohol 99.5 87.0 26.8 v-1 352
.. .
II
Evaporation behavior 196
II
99.5 88.5 32 334
11
20 m m . 27.3 16.0 32.2 147
157 C^ioO E t h y l e t h e r , 20 p . s . i . g . 62 60 2.0 334
158 C H O 4 1 0 Isobutyl alcohol,
745 m m . ... ... ... v-1 335
159 1,2 - D i m e t h o x y e t h a n e ,
C
4 10°2 H
CO CO

100 m m . 35 6
II
85.2 10.4
II
85 ΊΥα 10.1 76
160 C H 4 1 0 O 2 2 -Ethoxyethanol,
<100 m m . Nonazeotrope 18
11
200 m m . ... 66.4 70 v-1 18
11

II
400 m m . ... 82.4 79 v-1 18
134 98.2 87 v-1 18
11
200 mm. 96.5 66.4 85 334
11
400 mm. 115.6 82.4 76 334
II
135.6 99.4 71.2 334
161 C H 4 1 ( P3 Diethylene glycol, Nonazeotrope v-1 60
11
10 m m . .. . Nonazeotrope v-1 60
162 C 4 H n N B u t y l a m i n e , 575 m m . 69 69 1.3 334

-
" 20 p . s . i . g . 106 6.5 334
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 11

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

Water (continued) 100


163 C 4 H n N Diethylamine E f f e c t of N a O H o n v -1 150
It
55.5 Nonazeotrope v- 1 149,
334
164 C 4 H n N O 2-Dimethylamino-
ethanol, 27 p . s . i . g .
" 744 m m .
174
133.9 99 - 90.2
92.6
334
334
11
540 m m . 123.4 91 95.2 334
11
250 m m . 100.7 71 98.2 334
165
166
C
C H0
4 H n N 0 2 2,2' -Iminodiethanol
2-Furaldehyde,
.. . Nonazeotrope 334
5 2

- -
1-18 a t m . 161.7 v- 1 216
167 CsHgN Pyridine 115.3 93.6 41.3 147
11
120 m m . ... - 46.2 117

3 0-
758 m m . 40.5 117
•. ·
11

" >760 m m .
... 40.7 v- 1 146
" >760 m m .
... 50
- v- 1 146
"
M
>760 m m .
...
Effect
80 40.7
of d i s s o l v e d s a l t
146, 360
v- 1 265
168 2 -Methylpyrazine,
737 m m . 133 97 55 351
II
130 92.6 36 v o l . % 279
169 CjHgO 2 - M e t h y l f u r a n , 740 m m . 62.7 57.3 3.4 v - •1 310
170 C H7N
5 3 - M e t h y l - 3-butene -
nitrile 137.0 93.0 43.2 334
171 C HeO
5 A l l y l vinyl ether 67.4 60 5.4 334
172 CgHeO Cyclopentanone 130.8 94.6 42.4 v - •1 334
" 740 m m . 130 92.6 36 v o l . % 279
173 1 -Methoxy-1,3-buta­
C
S**° diene 90.7 76.2 12.7 334
174 C HeO
5 3-Penten-2-one 123.5 92 28.6 334
175 CsHgO 3 - M e t h y l - 3-butene -
2-one 97.9 81.5 18.4 334
176 C HeO
5 4-Pentenal 106 84.3 21 334
177 CjHeOj A l l y l acetate 104.1 83 16.7 334
178 Ethyl acrylate 99.5 81.1 15 283
C
A ° l 11
195 m m . 61 48 12 334
179 C He0
5 2 Isopropenyl acetate,
" 200 m m . 60.2 48 11 334
It
97.4 79.3 13.4 334
180 C5He0 2 Methyl methacrylate 100.8 83 14 283
181 CgHg^ 2,4 - P e n t a n e d i o n e 140.6 94.4 41 334
182 05Η 0 Δ -Valerolactone Nonazeotrope 334
183 05Ηβ0
8 2

2 V i n y l propionate •. ·
95.0 79 13 334
184 C H Cl O
5 1 0 2 2 B i s (2 - c h l o r o e t h o x y )
methane 218.1 99.4 86.8 334
185 3-Dimethylamino-
C
5 10 2 H N

propionitrile 174.5 99.6 84 334


186 C H 5 1 0 O cis-l-Butenyl methyl
ether 72.0 64 6.1 334
187 C H 5 1 ( p trans-1-Butenyl
methyl ether 76.7 67 7.2 334
188 C 5 H 1 0 O Isopropenyl ethyl ether 61.9 58 2 334
189 C5H10O Isopropyl vinyl ether 55.7 51.8 2.7 334
190 C H 5 1 0 O P r o p y l vinyl ether 65.1 59 5 334
191 <^5 1θΟ Η Tetrahydropyran 88 71 8.5 82
192 C H 5 1 0 O Vale raldehyde 103.3 83 19 334
193 C H 5 1 0 O Vale raldehyde s
(isomers) 98.6 80 17 334
194 C
5 10°2 H Ethyl propionate,
350 m m . 76.0 61 13.3 334
195 C
5 10°2 H 3-Methoxybutyral -
dehyde, 100 m m .
.. . 50 37 334
200 m m .
... 64 37 334
11

II
131 >92 35 334
12 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

Β-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

H 0 2 Water (continued) 100


196 ^5Η Ρ 10 2
Propyl acetate,
200-700 m m . ... v - -1 307
197 C5H10P2 Valeric acid 185.5 99.8 89 334
198 C5H10P2 Valeric acid (isomers) 183.2 99.6 85 334
199 C H O2 1 -Vinyloxy-2 -propanol ~100 75 94
5 10

200 C5H10O2 3 -Vinyl oxy-1 -propanol ~100 75 94


201 C5HKJO3 3-Ethoxypropionic acid 219.2 Nonazeotrope 334
202 C H 5 1 0 P3 3-Methoxybutyric acid Nonazeotrope 334
203 C H 5 1 ( p 3
Methoxymethyl propio­
nate 95 56 334
204 C 5 H n N O 4 -Methylmorpholine ΐίδΐβ 94.2 24 334
205 €5^12 Pentane 36.1 34.6 1.4 334
206 C H 5 1 2 N 2 1-Methylpiperazine 138.0 Nonazeotrope 334
207 C
5 12°2 H 1,2 - D i m e t h o x y p r o p a n e 92 80 11 334
208 C5H12P2 1-Ethoxy-2-propanol 132.2 97.3 50.1 334
209 C
5 12°2 H 3 -Methoxy-1 -butanol 161.1 98.5 80 334
210 C H 5 1 2 0 2
1,5-Pentanediol 242.5 Nonazeotrope 334
211 C
5 12°2 H 2 -Propoxyethanol 151.5 98.8 70 334
212 C H N
5 1 3 N-Methylbutylamine 91.1 82.7 15 334
213 C H NO
5 1 3 1-Ethylamino-2-
propanol 159.4 Nonazeotrope 334
214 C H 5 1 4 N 2 N,N-Dimethyl-1,3-
propanediamine 134.9 Nonazeotrope 334
215 C ^ N A n i l i n e , 742 m m . ... 98.6 80.8 v --1 143
11
6 atm. ... 155 76.6 v --1 143
11
11 a t m . 182 76.2 v --1 143
11
16.4 a t m . ... 200 77.4 v --1 143
216 C H N
6 7 3-Picoline 144.1 97 60 v --1 365
217 C H N
6 7 4-Picoline 144.3 97.35 62.8 v --1 365
M 334
97.4 63.5
218 C H N
6 8 2 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine 154* 98.5 65 351
219 CgHgO 2
2,5-Dimethylfuran 93.3 77.0 11.7 334
220 C H O
6 e 2,4-Hexadienal 171 98.Ό 70 334
221 1,3-Butadienyl acetate 138.5 93 35.6 334
C
6 8°2 H

222 V i n y l crotonate 133.9 92 31 334


C
6 8°2 H

223 3,3'-Iminodipropio-
nitrile Nonazeotrope 334
224 2 - E t h y l - 1 , 3 - butadiene 66.9 60.2 5.3 334
C
6 10 H

225 C H O
6 1 0 Cyclohexanone,

M
< 760 m m . ... 90 . .. ν· -1 121
155.6 96.3 55 v --1 121
It
155.4 95 61.6 334
226 C H 6 1 0 O 2 -Ethylcrotonalde -
hyde 135.3 92.7 38 334
227 C H 6 1 0 O 2-Hexenal 149 95.1 48.6 334
228 5-Penten-2-one 128.9 92.1 35.3 334
C
6 10° H

229 C H O
6 1 0 2 -Methyl - 2 -pentenal 138.2 93.5 40 334
230 C
6 10°2 H
Ethyl crotonate 137.8 93.5 38 334
231 C6HÎS02 V i n y l but y r a t e 116.7 87.2 20.4 334
232 C
6 1<P H Vinyl isobutyrate 105.4 83.5 17 334
2
233 Ethylene glycol
diacetate 190.8 99.7 84.6 334
234 C
6 llN H
Diallylamine 110.5 87.2 24 334
235 C ^ J N O 6 -Caprolactam,
V -1 333
50-760 m m . ... .. . . ..
236 C 6 H n N 0 3 2 -Methyl -2-nit ropropyl
v i n y l e t h e r , 10 m m . 77-78 8.6 341
237 Cyclohexane 80.8 69.5 8.4 147
C
6 12 H

238 4-Methyl-2-pentene 56.7 53.5 3.5 334


239 C H 6 1 2 C1 0 2
Bis(chloroisopropyl)
ether 187.0 98.5 62.6 334
240 C6H 1 2 CLj0 2 l,2-Bis(2-chloro-
ethoxy) ethane 240.9 99.7 94.0 334
241 C H 6 1 2 Q Butyl vinyl ether 94.2 77.5 11.6 334
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 13

Β-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

A = H 0 2 Water (continued) 100


242 C H 6 1 2 0 C y c l o h e x a n o l , 42 m m .
.. . 35 86 374

11
" 57 m m .
95 m m .
.. . 40
50
84.8
82.5
374
374
11
158 m m . 60 80.2 374
11
252 m m . 70 77.8 374
11
385 m m . 80 75.2 374
" 570 m m . 90 72.6 374

it
" 684 m m .
...
160.65
95
97.8
70.7
69.5
374
374
" <760 m m . 160.65 90 74 v - -1 122
243 C 6 H O l z 2 -Ethylbutyraldehyde 116.7 87.5 23.7 334
244 C 6 H 0 1 2 Isobutyl vinyl ether 83.4 70.5 7.8 334
245 C 6 H 0 1 2 Hexaldehyde 128.3 91.0 31.3 334
246 C 6 H 0 1 2 2 -Methylpentanal 118.3 88.5 23 334
247 2-Ethylthioethyl vinyl
^12', O S
ether 169.7 97.8 61 334
248 C H 6 1 2 0 2 2-Ethylbutyric acid 194.2 99.7 87 334
249 C H 6 1 2 0 2 Hexanoic acid 205.7 99.8 92.1 334
250 C H 6 1 2 0 2 4 - Hydroxy - 4 - methyl -
2-pentanone
.. . Nonazeotrope V -1 125
100 m m .
.. . Nonazeotrope V -1 125
t !

" 200 m m . 123.5 66.4 97 V -1 125


" 400 m m . 143 82,6 90 V -1 125
" 760 m m . 161 99.5 85 V -1 125
It
169.2 99.6 87 335
251 C H 6 1 2 0 2 2-Ethyl-2-methyl-
1,3-dioxolane 117.6 88.5 20 334
252 C
6 12°2 H 2-Methylpentanoic acid 196.4 99.4 87.9 334
253 C
6 12°2 H 4 -Vinyloxy-1 -butanol - M i n . b.p. 94
254 C H 06 1 2 2 Tetrahydropyran-
2-methanol 187.2 Nonazeotrope 334
255 C
6 12°3 H 2-Ethoxyethyl acetate 156.2 97.5 55.6 334
256 Methyl 3-ethoxy-
C
6 12°3 H

p r o p i o n a t e , 50 m m . 37 50 334
257 2 - (2- V inyloxyethoxy)
C
6 12°3 H

ethanol
It ...
207.6
~100 97-8
Nonazeotrope
94
334
258 C H C1
6 1 3 1 -Chlorohexane 134.5 91.8 29.7 334
259 C H > 6 Cyclohexylamine,
40 m m . 51.4 31.7 69.0 38
38
70 m m .
•·. 41.9 66.0
11

11
100 m m . 72 49.0 64.1 38
11
200 m m . 90.9 63.6 60.7 38
" 300 m m . 102.5 72.7 59.1 38
11
500 m m . 118.9 85.3 57.0 38
" 760 m m . 134.5 96.4 55.8 38
260 C H 6 1 3 N Hexamethyleneimine 138 95.5 49.5 81
261 C H 6 1 3 NO 2,6-Dimethyl -
morpholine 146.6 99.6 70 334
262 C 6 H NO 1 3 4 -Ethylmorpholine 138.3 96.7 46.2 334
263 C 6H N0 1 3 2 4 -Morpholineethanol 225.5 Nonazeotrope 334
264 C 6H 1 4 Hexane 68.7 61.6 5.6 334
265 C 6 H lSr 1 4 2 2,5- Dime thylpipe r a -
zine 164 Nonazeotrope 334
266 C H 6 1 4 N 0 2 4-(2-Aminoethyl)
morpholine 204.7 Nonazeotrope 334
267 C H 6 1 4 N20 1 - Pipe razine ethanol 246.3 Nonazeotrope 334
268 CÔHUO Butyl ethyl ether 92.2 76.6 11.9 334
269 C H 0 6 1 4 2-Ethyl-1-butanol 147.0 96.7 58 335
270 C Hi40
6 Hexyl alcohol 157.1 97.8 67.2 335
271 C , H O u Isopropyl ether,
131 m m . 22.47 20.0 2.6 334
11
297 m m . 41.82 38.0 3.4 334
11
481 m m . 54.75 50.0 4.0 334
" 1520 m m . 92 88 7.6 334
ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. , Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

H 0 2 W a t e r (continued) 100
272 QH14O 2 - M e t h y l -1 -pentanol 148 97.2 60 334
273 4 - M e t h y l - 2 - pentanol 131.8 94.3 43.3 334
274 QH14O2 1,1 - D i e t h o x y e t h a n e 102.1 82.6 14.3 334
275 C6H14O2 1,1 - D i m e t h o x y b u t a n e 114 87.3 20.3 334
276 C6H14O2 1,3 - D i m e t h o x y b u t a n e 120.3 89.6 30 334
277 C
6 14°2 H 1,1 - D i m e t h o x y - 2 -
methylpropane 104.7 83.9 14.3 334
278 2-Methyl-l,5-
C
6 14°2 H

pentanediol 242.4 Nonazeotrope 334


279 C H 6 1 4 0 2
3-Methyl -1,5-
pentanediol 248.4 Nonazeotrope 334
280 B i s (2 - m e t h o x y e t h y l )
C
6 14°3 H

ether, 100 m m . 103 - 89.5 9


" 760 m m . 162 - 80.2 9
11
800 m m . 164 - 80 9
11
760 m m . 164 99.55 78 v-1 76
281 C
6 14°3 H 2 -(2 -Ethoxyethoxy)
ethanol 202.8 Nonazeotrope 334
282 C H 6 1 5 N Diisopropylamine 84.1 74.1 9 334
283 Q>H 1 5 N 1,3- D i m e t h y l b u t y l -
amine 108.5 89.5 28.6 334
284 C 6 H 1 5 N Dipropylamine 109 86.7 - 41
285 Q H 1 5 N Ν -Ethylbutylamine 111.2 87.5 43.6 334
286 C 6 H 1 5 N Hexylamine 132.7 95.5 49 334
287 C 6 H 1 5 N Triethylamine 89.4 Compound forma- v-1 315
tion
288 C H 6 1 5 NO 2 -Butylaminoethanol 199.3 Nonazeotrope 334
289 C H 6 1 5 NO 2 -Diethylaminoethanol 162.1 98.9 74.4 334
290 QH 1 5 NO 1 -Isopropylamino-
2-propanol 164.5 99.8 86 334
291 QH 1 5 N 3 4-(2 - A m i n o e t h y l )
piperazine 222.0 Nonazeotrope 334
292 C H 6 1 6 N 2 N,N-Diethylethylene-
diamine 144.9 99.8 79.5 334
293 QH 1 6 N 2 Ν,Ν,Ν',Ν'-Tetra-
methylethylene -
diamine 119-22 95.6 30 287
294 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.7 Evaporation behavior 196
II
110.6 85 20.2 334
295 C7H 0 8 2
Guaiacol 205.0 99.5 87.5 96
296 C H C10
? 9 2 -Chloroallylidene
diacetate 212.1 99.7 85 334
297 C7H9N 2,6-Lutidine 142 96.02 51.8 v-1 365
298 C7H9N Tetrahydrobenzonitrile 195.1 98.8 78.3 334
299 C H 7 l 0 O 1,2,3,6 - T e t r a h y d r 0 -
benzaldehyde 164.2 96.9 60 334
300 C7H10O4 Allylidene diacetate
-
98.7 71 334
301 2,4-Dimethyl-1,3-pen -
^7^12
t a d i e n e , 750.6 m m . 93.3 76.8 13 334
302 C Hi20
7
3-Hepten-2-one 162.9 96 55.7 334
303 Butyl acrylate 147 94.5 40 76
C
7 12°2 H

... 334
II
94.3 38

304
"
2-Ethoxy-3,4-
100 m m .
... 47.8 41 334
°7 12°2 Η

334
dihydro-1,2 -pyran 142.9 93.6 34.9
305 C Hi204
7
P i m e l i c a c i d , 100 m m . 272 Nonazeotrope 334
306 C H 0
7 1 4
Butyl isopropenyl
ether 114.8 86.3 18.8 334
307 C H 7 1 4 0 3-Heptanone 147.6 94.6 42.2 334
308 C H 7 1 4 0 4-Heptanone 143.7 94.3 40.5 334
309 C H 7 1 4 0 5 - M e t h y l - 2 -hexanone 144 94.7 44 334
II
93.0 75 84
310 C 7 H l 40 2 A m y l acetate
•·.
( i s o m e r s ) 146 94 36.2 334
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 15

Β-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

Water (continued) 100


311 C H 7 1 4 0 3 Ethyl 3-ethoxy-
propionate 170.1 97 63 334
11
100 m m . 107.8 50.5 71 334
312 C H 7 1 4 0 3 3-Methoxybutyl acetate 171.3 96.5 65.4 334
313 C H 7 1 4 0 4 2 -(2 -Methoxyethoxy)
ethyl acetate 208.9 Nonazeotrope 334
314 C7Hi 6 Heptane 98.4 79.2 12.9 334
315 C H 07 l 6 5 -Methyl - 2 -hexanol . . . 96.5 59.1 84
316 C H 0
7 1 6 2 1 -Butoxy- 2-r thoxy-
ethane 149.9 95.6 42 334
317 C H 7 1 6 0 2 1 -Butoxy-2-propanol 170.1 98.6 72 334
318 C H ? 1 6 0 2 2 - E t h y l -1,5 -pentane -
diol 253.3 Nonazeotrope 334
319 C H 7 1 6 0 3 1 -(2 -Ethoxyethoxy) -
2-propanol 198.1 Nonazeotrope 334
320 2-Ethoxyethyl
c
Ae°z
2-methoxyethyl ether - 99.5 82 334
321 C
7 H
1 6 0 3 2 -(2 - P r o p o x y e t h o x y )
ethanol 215.8 Nonazeotrope 334
322 C H 7 1 7 NO 1 -Diethylamino -2 -
propanol 159.5 97.2 55 334
323 C H 7 1 8 N 2 3-Diethylamino -
propylamine 169.4 99.8 93 334
324 Styrene 145.1 93.9 40.9 334
325 CgHgCLjOj, 2-(2,4-Dichloro-
phenoxy) ethanol .. . ~100 ~99.6 334
326 QHeO Acetophenone 201.6 99.1 81.5 334
327 C H 8 8 (Epoxyethyl)benzene 194.2 99.2 77.6 334
328 C
8 10 H Ethylbenzene 136.2 92 33.0 334
It 91 30.6 84
329 CeHio m-Xylene 139.1 94.5 40 334
330 C 8 H K P α -Methylbenzyl alcohol 203.4 99.7 89 335
331 C 8 H n N Ν -Ethylaniline 204.8 99.2 83.9 334
332 C 8 H n N α -Methylbenzylamine 188.6 99.4 83.8 334
333 C 8 H n N 2-Methyl ^5-ethyl-
pyridine 178.3 98.4 72 334
334 C 8 H n N ar-Methyl-1,2,3,6-
tetrahydrobenzo-
nitrile 205.4 99.1 82.6 334
335 C H 8 1 2 0 2-Methyl-l,2,3,6-
tetrahydrobenz-
aldehyde 176.4 97.7 92.2 334
336 C
8 12°2 H 3,4-Dihydro-2,5-
dimethyl-2H-pyran-
2 - carboxaldehyde 170.9 97.4 56 334
337 C
8 12°4 H Diethyl fumarate 218.1 99.5 87.5 334
338 C
8 14 H Diisobutylene 102.3 82 12 334
339 C H 0 8 1 4 Bicyclo[2.2.1]
heptane - 2 - methanol 203.9 99.7 91 334
340 C H 0 8 1 4 Diisobutylene oxide .. . 94 37 334
341 C Hi 0 8 4 2-Ethyl-2-hexenal 176 97.6 60.9 334
342 C Hi 0 8 4 2-Octenal ... 99.2 76.2 334
343 1,1 - D i a l l y l o x y e t h a n e 150.9 95.3 41 334
C
8 14 - 2H < >

344 C
8 14°2 H 2 -Ethyl - 3 -hexenoic
acid 231.8 99.9 97.4 334
345 C
8 14°2 H Vinyl 2-methyl-
valerate 148.8 95 38 334
346 C
8 14°3 H B i s (2 - v i n y l o x y e t h y l )
ether 198.7 99.4 82 334
347 C H 0 8 1 4 3 Butyl acetoacetate 213.9 99.4 84.1 334
348 ^8^ι 0 4 4 Diethyl succinate 216.2 99.9 91 334
349 2 - (Aminomethyl)
C
8 15 H N

bicyclo[2.2.1]
heptane 185.9 99 82 334
350 2 -Ethylhexaldehyde 163.6 96.4 51.6 334
C
8 16° H
ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

Β-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

H 2 O Water (continued) 100


351 C H 8 1 6 0 2,4,4-Trimethyl-
1,2-epoxypentane 140.9 93.4 33 334
352 C H 8 1 ( p 2,4,4-Trimethyl-
2,3 - e p o x y p e n t a n e 127.3 91 25 334
353 C H 8 l i P S 2-Butylthioethyl vinyl
ether 210.5 99.3 80 334
354 C H 8 1 6 0 2
2-Butoxyethyl vinyl
334
355 C
8 H
l t P 2
ether
2,3-Epoxy-2-ethyl-
.. . 97.0 52.8

356 C
8 H
l P 2
hexanol
2-Ethylbutyl acetate
•..
162.3
100
97.0
99.5
52.4
334
334
357 C
8 H
l t P 2 2-Ethylhexanoic acid 227.6 99.9 96.4 334
II

358 C
8 H
l P 2 Hexyl acetate
...
171.0
99.5
97.4
97.6
61
84
334
359 C
8 H
l c P 2 Iso-octanoic acid
(isomers) 220 99.9 96 334
360 C
8 H
l P 2 4 - Methyl - 2 -pentyl
acetate 146.1 94.8 36.7 334
361 C
8 H
l P 3 2-Butoxyethyl acetate 192.2 98.8 71.9 334
362 C
8 H
l P 3 2,5-Diethoxytetra-
hydrofuran 173.0 98 60 334
363 2-Ethoxyethyl 2-
C
8 H
l A
vinyloxyethyl ether 194.0 99.3 82.3 334
364 C H 8 1 6 0 4 2 - (2 - E t h o x y e t h o x y )
ethyl acetate 217.4 Nonazeotrope 334
365 C H 8 1 7 C1 l-Chloro-2-ethyl-
he x a n e 173 97.3 55 334
366 CgHnN N - E t h y l c y clone x y l -
amine 164.9 97.1 58 334
36 7 Q H n N 5-Ethyl-2-methyl-
pipe ridine 163.4 97.1 57.0 334
368 CeH 1 7 N ar-Methylcyclo-

369 CeH 1 7 NO
hexylmethylamine
4-Ethyl-2,6-dimethyl-
.. . 99.0 79 334

morpholine 158.1 97.5 49 334


370 Octane 125.7 89.6 25.5 334
371 CeHieO 2 - E t h y l -1 - h e x a n o l 184.8 99.1 80 335
372 C H 8 1 8 0 Iso-octyl alcohol
(isomers) 186.5 99.8 82 334
373 Ç8 18^2 H 2 - E t h y l -1,3 -hexanediol 243.1 Nonazeotrope 334
374 C
8 H
18°2
1-Butoxy-2-ethoxy-
ethane 164.2 96.8 50 334
375 CeH 1 8 0 2 1,1 - D i e t h o x y b u t a n e 146.3 94.2 34.5 334
376 C H 8 1 8 0 2 5 -Ethoxy- 3-methyl -
pentanol 211.7 99.9 97 334
377 C H 8 1 8 0 2 2-Ethyl-3-methyl-
1,5-pentanediol 265.5 Nonazeotrope 334
378 C
8 H
18°2 2 -Hexyloxyethanol 208.1 99.7 91 334
379 C H 8 1 8 0 2 2 - (2 - M e t h y l p e n t y l o x y )
ethanol 197.1 99.6 86 334
380 C
8 iaP3 H 2 - (2 - B u t o x y e t h o x y )
ethanol 230.6 Nonazeotrope 334
381 C H 8 1 8 03 B i s (2 - e t h o x y e t h y l )
ether 188.4 99.4 69 334
382 C H 8 1 8 0 4 l,2-Bis(2-methoxy-

383 C H 8 1 9 N
ethoxy) ethane
Dibutylamine
...
159.6
Nonazeotrope
97 50.5
9
334
384 C H 8 1 9 N 2 -Ethylhexylamine 169.1 98.2 64 334
385 C H 8 1 9 NO 2 -Diisopropylamino-
ethanol 190.9 99.2 85 334
386 C H 8 1 9 N0 2 2,2'- Butyliminodi -

387 C H 8 1 9 N0 2
ethanol
1,1' - E t h y l i m i n o d i -
.. . Nonazeotrope 334

2-propanol 238.9 Nonazeotrope 334


388 C ^ O , V i n y l benzoate 99.3 82.6 334
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 17

Β-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

H 0 2 Water (continued) 100


389 C
9 H
1 0 P 2 l,2-Epoxy-3-
phenoxyp ropane 244.4 99.8 96.1 334
390 CçHuN 5-Ethyl-2-vinyl-
pyridine 99.4 85 334
391 Cumene 15^4 95 43.8 334
392 Bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-
5-ene-2-ol acetate 188.6 98.6 70 334
393 C H 9 1 3 NO 5-Ethyl-2-pyridine -
ethanol .. . Nonazeotrope 334
394 CçHiP Isophorone 215.2 99.5 83.9 334
" 25 p . s . i . g . 251 130 86.5 334
395 C H 9 l s O l-Methyl-2,5-
endomethylene -
cyclohexane -1 -
methanol 211.1 99.7 90.6 334
396 CoHiijsr Triallylamine 151.1 95 38 334
397 CoH 1 6 0 5-Ethyl-3-hepten-
2-one 193.5 98.7 73.4 334
398 CcHi 0 6 4 Dimethyl pimelate 248.9 99.9 96.8 334
399 C H O 9 i e 2,6-Dimethyl-4-
heptanone 169.4 97.0 51.9 334
400 2-Heptyl acetate 176.4 97.8 58.9 334
^-9 Η
1β 2 0

401 C H 9 1 8 0 2 3-Heptyl acetate 173.8 97.5 57.6 334


402 C H 9 1 8 O a 3-(2-Ethylbutoxy)
propionic acid 100 > 99 334
403 C 9 H 2 0 Nonane 15θ!7 94.8 82 332
II
150.8 95 39.8 334
404 C9H20O 2,6-Dimethyl-4-
heptanol 178.1 98.5 70.4 335
405 C9H20O2 2 -Ethyl-2-butyl -
1,3-propanediol Nonazeotrope 334
406 C9H20O3 1 - (2 - B u t o x y e t h o x y ) -
2-propanol 230.3 99.9 95 334
407 2-Methoxymethyl-
2,4-dimethyl-
1,5-pentanediol ... Nonazeotrope 334
408 C9H20P3 1,1,3-Triethoxy-
propane 99 70 334
409 C H 9 2 1 N Ν -Methyldibutylamine 163.1 96.5 48.0 334
410 C H 9 2 1 N Tripropylamine 156 94.3 - 41
411 C H 9 2 1 N0 2 1,1' - I s o p r o p y l i m i n o -
di-2-propanol 248.6 Nonazeotrope 334
412 C H 9 2 1 N0 4 2-(2-[2-(3-Amino-
propoxy) ethoxy] -
ethoxy)ethanol ... Nonazeotrope 334
413 C 1 0 H 1 0 O 4 Dimethyl phthalate 282.9 100 98.9 334
414 C 1 0 H 1 2 O 3 2-Phenoxyethyl ace­
tate 260.6 99.9 97.4 334
415 C 1 0 H 1 4 Dicyclopentadiene 172 98 67.7 334
416 C 1 0 H 1 4 N 2 N i c o t i n e , 110 m m . ... Nonazeotrope ν -1 106
11
478 m m . ... ... 99.70 ν -1 106
11
572 m m . .. . 99.02 ν -1 106
11
624 m m . ... 98.50 ν -1 106
11
760 m m . 99.85 97.48 ν -1 106
417 C
10 H
14°2 Ethyl bicyclo[2.2.1]
hept-5-ene-2-
carboxylate 198 99.2 80 334
418 C 1 0 H 1 4 O 3 2 - (2 - P h e n o x y e t h o x y )
ethanol 297.9 Nonazeotrope 334
419 C10H5N N-Butylaniline 240.4 99.8 94.4 334
420 Ci H 0 1 5 N N-Ethyl - a-methyl-
benzylamine 201.2 99.2 80 334
421 Ci H 0 1 5 N N,N, a-Trimethyl-
benzylamine 195.8 98.6 74.8 334
ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

Water (continued) 100


422 C 1 0 H 1 5 NO 2-(a - M e t h y l b e n z y l -
amino) ethanol .. . Nonazeotrope 334
423 CIOHHP Dicyclopentenol .. . 100 96.6 334
424 C
10 ltP H Trimethyltetrahydro-
benzaldehyde 204.5 99.0 77.0 334
425 CioHi 0 6 4 Diisopropyl maleate 228.7 99.9 93 334
426 C
1 0 H
l P 2 V i n y l 2-ethylhexanoate 185.2 98.6 68 334
427 C
10 18°2 H V i n y l octanoate
(isomers) .. . 99.1 74 334
428 C
l<f*2<P 2-Ethylhexyl vinyl
ether 177.7 97.8 59.1 334
429 C 1 0 H 2 0 O 2 2-Ethylbutyl butyrate 199.6 98.6 74.9 334
430 2 - E t h y l h e x y l acetate 198.4 99.0 73.5 334
C 1 0 H 2 0 O 2
431 C10P2 0O2 4 - M e t h y l- 2 - p e n t y l
butyrate 182.6 98.2 60.8 334
432 C 1 0 H2o0 3 2-Butoxyethyl 2-
vinyloxyethyl ether 226.7 99.8 90 334
433 ^10^21^1 C h l o r ode c a n e
(isomers) 210.6 99.7 84 334
434 P 1 A 1 N Ν - Butylcyclohexyl-
amine 209.5 99.5 81 334
435 C 1 0 H 2 2 O Decyl alcohol
(isomers) 217.3 100 94.8 335
436 C 1 0 H 2 2 O 2 -Ethyloctanol 220.5 99.9 94.0 334
437 C 1 0 H 2 2 O 2 -Propylheptanol 217.9 99.8 92 334
438 C 1 0 H 2O2 2 1,2- Dibut oxyethane 203.6 99.1 76.8 334
439 C 1 0 H 2 2 O 2 1,1 - D i i s o b u t o x y e t h a n e 160.5 97.4 52.5 334
440 C 1 0 H 2O 2 3 2 -(2 -Hexyloxyethoxy)
ethanol 259.1 100 98.1 334
441 C 1 0 H 2O4 2 l,2-Bis(2-ethoxy-
ethoxy) ethane 246.9 Nonazeotrope 334
442 C 1 0 H 2 p 5 Bis[2-(2-methoxy-
ethoxy)ethyl] ether .. . Nonazeotrope 9, 3 3 4
443 CioH 2 3 N Decylamine (isomers) 203.7 99.5 82 334
444 C10H23N Diamylamine
(isomers) 190 99.3 76 334
445 C 1 0 H 2 3 N N,N-Dimethyl-2-ethyl-
hexylamine 176.1 98.2 58 334
446 C 1 0 H 2 3 NO 2 -Dibutylaminoethanol 228.7 99.9 91.0 334
447 C
11 1403 H Butyl salicylate 268.2 99.9 95.8 334
448 C
11 1403 H Ethyl 6 -formylbicyclo
[2.2.1]hept-5-en-2-
carboxylate .. . 100 97 334
449 Allyl 6-methyl-3,4-
C
ll H
lP3
epoxycyclohexane -
carboxylate 251.4 100 98.1 334
450 CiiH 1 8 0 2 Isopropyl 6-methyl-
3-cyclohexene-
carboxylate 215.2 99.7 84 334
451 C n H 2 0 O 5 - E t h y l - 3- nonen -
2-one 226.4 99.6 92 334
452 C11H20O4 Diethyl pimelate 268.1 100 98.3 334
453 C H220
n 5 - E t h y l - 2 - nonanone 222.9 99.6 87.1 334
454 C11H22O2 2,6- Dimethyl- 4 -heptyl
acetate 192.2 98.7 67.6 334
455 4-Methoxy-2,6-
dipropyl-1,3-
dioxane 223.6 99.6 88.1 334
456 C
11 24 H Undecane 194.5 98.85 96 332
457 C11H24O 5 - Ethyl - 2 -nonanol 225.4 99.7 89.1 334
458 C11H24O2 2,2-Dibutoxypropane .. . 98.9 69.6 334
459 C H2402
n 2,6-Dimethyl-4-
heptyloxyethanol 225.5 99.9 91 334
460 1,1,3,3 -Tetraethoxy-
propane 220.1 99.8 87.4 334
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 19

Β-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

Water (continued) 100


461 C n H 2 5 N O 1 -Dibutylamino-2-
propanol 229.1 99.8 88.4 334
462 C 1 2 H 1 4 04 Diethyl phthalate 294.3 99.9 98.4 334
463 C 1 2 H 1 8 0 Triisobutylene oxide .. . 99.3 72 334
464 C 1 2 H 1 9 N Ν - B u t y l - a- m e t h y l -
benzylamine 239.3 99.8 92 334
465 Ci H o0 2 2 2
sec-Butyl - 6- methyl -
3-cyclohexene-
carboxylate .. . 100 92 334
466 Ci H 2 2 f l P4 Dibutyl fumarate 285.2 99.9 98.5 334
467 C H 1 2 2 0 P 4 D i b u t y l m a l e ate 280.6 99.9 98.4 334
468 C
1 2 H
2 2 ° 2 2-Ethylhexyl crotonate 241.2 99.9 93.4 334
469 C
1 2 H
2 2 ° 2 V i n y l decanoate
(isomers) .. . 99.9 88 334
470 C 1 2 H 2 2 0 4 Diethyl 2-ethyl-
3 -methylglutarate 255.8 100 97.1 334
471 C 1 2 H 2 3 N Dicyclohexylamine 255.8 Nonazeotrope 38
472 C
1 2 H
2 P 2,6,8-Trimethyl-
4-nonanone 218.2 99 84 334
473 Ci H 2 2 4 0 2 2-Ethylbutyl 2-
ethylbutyrate 222.6 99.6 85.6 334
474 C 1 2 H 2 p 2 2-Ethylbutyl hexanoate 236.2 99.7 91.2 334
475 C 1 2 H 2 4 0 2 Hexyl 2-ethylbutyrate 230.3 99.7 88.8 334
476 C H p 1 2 2 2
Hexyl hexanoate 245.2 99.8 93.3 334
477 Ci H 2 2 6 Dodecane 214.5 99.45 98 332
478 Ci H £> 2 2 2-Butyl-l-octanol 253.4 99.9 97.5 334
479 2,6,8-Trimethyl-
4-nonanol 225.5 99.6 89.7 335
480 1,1-Diethoxy-
C
12 H
26°2
2-ethylhexane 207.8 99.3 78.6 334
481 Ci H 2 2 6 0 2 1,1 - D i i s o p e n t o x y e t h a n e 213.6 99.3 78.8 334
482 Ci H 2 2 6 0 2 3-Ethoxy-4-ethyl-
octanol 249.2 100 98 334
483 Ci H 2 2 6 0 3 Bis(2-butoxyethyl)
ether 254.6 99.8 94.7 334
484 C i 2 H 2 6 0 3 1,1,3 - T r i e t h o x y h e x a n e .. . 99.6 85 334
485 C X 2 H 2 7 N Dihexylamine 239.8 99.8 92.8 334
4Ç6 C i 2 H 2 7 N Tributylamine 213.9 99.8 82 334
487 Ci H 2 2 7 0 P 4 T r i b u t y l phosphate .. . 100 99.4 334
488 Ci3H 2 4 0 2 Decyl acrylate
(isomers) ... 99.9 94.9 334
489 Ci H 4 2 2 0 2 -(Ethylhexyl)phenol 297.0 100 > 99 334
490 C H 1 4 2 3 N Ν -(Ethylhexyl) aniline .. . 100 99.3 334
491 C
14 24 H 1,3,6,8 - T e t r a m e t h y l -
1,6 - c y c l o d e c a d i e n e 220.5 99.5 82.3 334
492 C
14 2tt°4 H Dibutyl adipate .. . 100 >99 334
493 CuH^O Trimethylnonyl vinyl
ether 223.4 99.6 84.3 334
494 C 1 4 H 2 8 0 2 2-Ethylbutyl 2-ethyl-
he x a n o a te 261.5 99.9 95.8 334
495 C 1 4 H 2 p 2 2-Ethylhexyl 2-ethyl­
butyrate 252.8 99.9 94.8 334
496 C
14 28°2 H 2-Ethylhexyl
hexanoate 267.2 99.9 96.4 334
497 C
14 28°2 H Hexyl 2-ethyl-
hexanoate 254.3 99.9 94.6 334
498 C 1 4 H 2 9 N Ν-(2-Ethylhexyl)
cyclohexylamine .. . 100 99.7 334
499 C U H 3 P 7-Ethyl-2-methyl-
4-undecanol 264.3 99.9 96.3 334
500 C
14 3P2 H 2-(2,6,8-Trimethyl-
4 - n o n y l oxy) e t h a n o l .. . 100 99.0 334
501 Cl5 28°4 H Dibutyl pimelate .. . 100 > 99.5 334
502 C 1 5 H 3 2 O 2,8-Dimethyl-6-
isobutyl - 4 -nonanol 265.4 99.9 97.2 334
ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

Β-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

H 0 2 Water (continued) 100


Bis( α - methylbenzyl)
503 C 1 6 H 1 8 0 ether 286.7 100 98.7 334
Bis(4-methyl-2-
504 C 1 6 H 2 8 0 4
pentyl) maleate 100 99 334
Tridecyl acrylate 100 98.8 334
505 Ci$H 3 0 O 2
Bis(methylcyclohexyl-
me thyl) a m i n e ... 100 99.45 334
506 Ci6H 3 1 N 2-Ethylhexyl 2-
ethylhexanoate 280.4 99.9 97.9 334
507 Ci6H 3 2 0 2
B i s (2 - e t h y l h e x y l )
ether 269.8 99.8 96.4 334
508 C 1 6 H 3 4 0 Bis(2-ethylhexyl)
amine 280.7 100 97.6 334
509 C 1 6 H 3 5 N 3,9-Diethyl-6-
tridecanol 309 100 >99 334
510 Ci H 7 3 6 0 Bis(a - methylbenzyl)
ethylenediamine 100 >99.9 334
511 C 1 8 H 2 4 N 2
1,1 - B i s ( 2 - e t h y l h e x y l o x y )
ethane 99.0 .99.9 334
512 CieH 3 8 0 2
2-[Bis(2-ethylhexyl)
a m i n o ]ethanol 100 >99.5 334
513 CieH 3 9 NO Bis(2-ethylhexyl)
fumarate 100 >99.9 334
514 C 2 0 H 3 6 O 4
Bis(2-ethylhexyl)
maleate 100 >99.9 334
5 1 5 C20H36O4 2-Ethylhexyl 3-
(2 - e t h y l h e x y l o x y )
516 C 2 0 H 4 0 O 3
butyrate 100 >99.5 334
517 C H 2 0 4 2 O Decyl ether (isomers) 100 99.6 334
518 C oH4 2 0
2 Eicosanol (isomers) 100 99.8 334
519 C H 2 0 4 3 N Didecylamine (isomers) ... 100 99.6 334
520 C iH 2 3 8 03 A l l y l 9,10-epoxystearate ... Nonazeotrope 334
521 C H 2 4 5 2 0 Si 4 Tetra(2 -ethylbutoxy)
silane 100 99.9 334
522 C 3 1 H5 0 8 6 Tri(2-ethylhexyl)
1,2,4-butane -
tricarboxylate 100 99.8 334

HS 2 Hydrogen Sulfide -59.6


523 CjHg E t h a n e , 200 p . s . i . g . -21.6 7.9 v-1 159
" 300 p . s . i . g . -6.5 11.6 v-1 159
11
400 p . s . i . g . 5 14.5 v-1 159
" 500 p . s . i . g . 15 17.1 v-1 159
11
600 p . s . i . g . 23.5 19.6 v-1 159
524 C H 3 8 P r o p a n e , 200 p . s . i . g . 7.8 75.2 v-1 161
" 400 p . s . i . g . 37.1 82 v-1 161
" 600 p . s . i . g . 56 83.7 v-1 161
" 800 p . s . i . g . 72 87.2 v-1 161
" 1000 p . s . i . g . 84.2 89.9 v-1 161
" 1200 p . s . i . g . 95 92.7 v-1 161

H N 3 Ammonia -33.4
525 C ^ N Ethylamine, 0°-30° C. Nonazeotrope 334
526 C 3 H 4 Propadiene -32 -45 44.3 127
527 C ^ g F 2-Fluoropropene -24 -40.5 34 127
528 C HJQ 4 B u t a n e , 300 p . s . i . g . 43 56.8 v-1 160
11
500 p . s . i . g . 66 59.0 v-1 160
700 p . s . i . g . 81 60.9 v-1 160
11
900 p . s . i . g . 94 62.1 v-1 160
11
1100 p . s . i . g . 104 63.4 v-1 160
529 C H^ 8 8 I so-octane,
200-1600 p.s.i.g. v-1 162
" > 1400 p . s . i . g . M i n . b.p. 98-100% v-1 162
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 21

Β-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

A = He Helium 268.9
530 C H 4 Methane, 5-170 a t m . ... Nonazeotrope v- 1 165

A= 0 S 2 Sulfur Dioxide -10


531 C Hf> 2
Methyl ether -23.6 0 65 102

A= S Sulfur 444.6
532 Se Selenium 688 Compound formation v- 1 6

A = C C I 2 F 2 Dichlorodifluoromethane -29.8
533 CHC1F 2 Chlorodif luor 0 -
methane -40.8 -41.4 25 86
" 4.93 a t m . 0.04 0.00 2.1 261
11
2059 m m . .. . Nonazeotrope 346
534 C H 3 C I Chloromethane,
5380 m m . 33.5 25.0 78 282
535 C 2 H 4 F 2 1,1 - D i f l u o r o e t h a n e
II
... -30.5 77.55 260
0.00 73.80 260
II
24.90 71.22 260
II
40.08 69.31 260
11
60 p . s . i . a . 4.44 76.2 281
" 112 p . s . i . a . ... 25 74 281
536 Czi^O M e t h y l e t h e r , 2340 m m . 6 0 90 282
Hexafluor opr opene,
537 C F 3 6 2059 m m . -6.1 -7.1 46.3 v - -1 346
Heptafluoropropane,
538 C HF 3 7 2328 m m . 17 0.00 86.5 261
Perfluorocyclobutane,
539 C F 4 8 2059 m m . 21 Nonazeotrope 346

A = CC1 F 3 Trichlorofluoro- 24.9


m ethane
540 C H 0 2 4 Acetaldehyde 20.2 15.6 55 102
541 C2H 0 4 2 Methyl formate 32 20 82 102

A= CC1 4 Carbon Tetrachloride 76.74


542 C H 4 O Methanol 64.7 v --1 245
543 C HC12 3 Trichloroethylene 86.2 Ideal system V " -1 184
544 C H N 2 3 A c e t o n i t r i l e , 371.2 m m . ... 45 84.5 v --1 22
545 C 2 H 4 C l 2 1,2 - D i c h l o r o e t h a n e 83.45 75.5 80 197
546 C H Q 2 4 2 A c e t i c a c i d , < 50 m m . ... Nonazeotrope 132
11
90 m m . ... 18.7 99.28 132
11
340 m m . 51.5 99.42 132
" 530 m m . ... 64.6 99 132
11
760 m m . 118.1 76 98.46 132
" 1080 m m . 90 97.7 132
" 1400 m m . ... ... 97.0 132
547 CjjHgO Ethyl alcohol 78.3 65 84 V -1 136
548 CsHp Acetone, 513.2m m . ... 45 9 V -1 23
11
300 m m . 31.29 31.22 9.03 V -1 10
11
450 m m . 41.56 41.47 11.80 V -1 10
11
600 m m . 49.36 49.26 12.48 V -1 10
11
760 m m . 56.08 55.98 12.6' V -1 10
549 C H<p 3 Allyl alcohol 97.1 72.3 88.5 334
550 C H803 Propyl alcohol 97.2 72.8 88.5 334
551 Cftf) 2 - B u t a n o n e , 342 m m . ... 50.0 84.3 V -1 108
It
79.6 73.7 81.6 V -1 108,
184
552 C ^ g C ^ E t h y l acetate 76.7 74.8 57 334
553 C H O 4 1 0 η-Butyl alcohol 117.75 76.55 97.6 V -1 136
554 C H 0 5 4 2 2"-Furaldehyde 162 Nonazeotrope V -1 349
555 CgHg Benzene 80.1 M i n . b.p. 98 V -1 245
" 40° C . ... Nonazeotrope V -1 107
" 760 m m . 80.1 Nonazeotrope V -1 107
" >1800 m m . ... M i n . b.p. . .. 107
556 C 7 H 8 Toluene 110.7 Nonazeotrope V -1 245,
309
22 ADVANCES IN C H E M I S T R Y SERIES

Β-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

CS 2 Carbon Disulfide 46.2


557 CH I 3 Iodometfrane 42.55 41.2 18.6 v - -1 116
558 C 2 H 4 C I 2 1,1 - D i c h l o r o e t h a n e 57.2 46 94 334
559 C H CI
3 7 1-Chloropropane 46.6 45.2 55 334
560 C H 0 E t h y l acetate 76.7 46.1 97 334
4 8 2

561 C HidO
4 Ethyl ether 34.6 34.4 1 334

C H C 1 F 2 Chlorodifluoro- - 4 0 . 8 (-17.1V2059 mm.)


methane
562 C 2 C 1 F 5 Chloropentafluor 0 -
ethane -38.5 -45.6 48.7 15
563 C 2 H 2 C I 2 F 2 l,2-Dichloro-l,2-
difluoroethane,
755 m m . 29.8 -41.4 87.6 96
564 C F 3 6
Hexafluor opropene,
2059 m m . -6.1 -17.3 69.7 346
565 C 3
F
8
Perfluoropropane,
6.064 a t m . 12.5 0 46 261
566 C 3
H
8
P r o p a n e , 86.2p . s . i . a . .. . 0 68 280
t !
6.002 a t m . 8.6 0 68.3 261
567 Perfluorocyclobutane,
2059 m m . 21.0 Nonazeotrope 346

C H C 1 2 F Dichlorofluoro- 7.63/723 m m .
methane
568 C 2 C l 2 F 4 1,2-Dichloro-l,1,2,2-
tetrafluoroe thane,
723 m m . 2.22 0.00 25 261

C H C 1 3 Chloroform 61.2
569 CH 0 2 2
Formic acid 100.75 . .. V -1 56
570 CH 0 4
Methanol 64.7 ... . .. V -1 31
11
400 m m . ... 36.3 88.9 V -1 233
500 m m . 41.6 88.4 V -1 233
...
11

11
600 m m . ... 46.2 87.9 V -1 233
571 C 2 C I 4 Tetrachloroethylene 121.1 Nonazeotrope V -1 64
572 C H N
2 3 Acetonitrile 81.6 Nonazeotrope 334
573 C H 02 2 4
Acetic acid 118.1 Nonazeotrope V -1 56
5-74 Ethyl alcohol,
20 p . s . i . g . 101.7 82 89 335
575 C H 0 A c e t o n e , 101 m m . 15 74.3 286
3 6

" 129 m m . ... 20 75.0 286


11
202 m m . ... 30 76.1 286
11
250 m m . 35 76.3 286
fl
308 m m . ... 40 76.7 286
" 455 m m . ... 50 77.1 286
" 546 m m . .. . 55 77.3 286
576 C H<0 Methyl acetate 57.1 64.74 64.35 V -1 31,
qc;
3 2

577 C Hg02 3
Ethyl formate 54.1 62.7 87 195, 252
578 C H Br 3 7 2 -Bromopropane 59.35 62.2 65 195, 252
579 C HeO
4 2-Butanone 79.6 Nonazeotrope V -1 183,
184
C HeO
4 2-Butanone 79.6 79.9 17 334
580 C 4 H 8 O 2 Isopropyl formate 68.8 70 13 195
581 C H 4 1 0 O Ethyl ether 34.5 Nonazeotrope V -1 177
582 C H 0 4 - M e t h y l - 2 -pentanone 115.9 Nonazeotrope V -1 157
6 1 2

583 C
6 H
1 2 ° 2 Butyl acetate 126.2 Nonazeotrope V -1 63
584 C9H O Ethyl benzoate 213.3 Nonazeotrope 334
10 2

C H 2 C l B r Bromochloromethane 69
585 CH2CI2 Dichloromethane 40.7 Nonazeotrope 96

C H 2 C I 2 Dichloromethane 40.0
586 C
6 H
14
2,2- D i m e thylbutane,
742 m m . 49.74 35.6 53 v o l . 235
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 23

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

A = CH2O2 Formic Acid 100.75


587 C2H4O2 Acetic acid 178.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 56
588 C H NO
3 7 N,N -Dimethylf orm-
amide 153.0 153.2 1.2 295
158.8 210
11
100 m m . 90' 98.5 v-1 210
11
200 m m . 107.9 117.0 v-1 210
" 760 m m . 153 158.8 v-1 210
589 C 5 H 5 N Pyridine 115.5 107.43 61.4 v-1 360

CH Cl Si 3 3 Trichloromethylsilane
590 C H SiCl
3 9 Chlorotrimethylsilane V.p. curves, non­ 179
azeotrope

CH3NO2 Nitromethane 101.2


591 CH 0 4 Methanol 64.51 64.33 12.2 55
592 C H N
2 3 Acetonitrile, 60° C . .. . Nonazeotrope v-1 22
593 CaHgO Ethyl alcohol 78.32 76.05 29.0 55
594 CaHgO Acetone, 45° C . .. . Nonazeotrope v-1 22
595 C H O
3 e Isopropyl alcohol 82.40 79.33 27.6 55
596 C H O
3 e Propyl alcohol 97.25 Nonazeotrope v-1 135
97.15 89.09 48.4 55
597 C 4 H 1 0 O Butyl alcohol 117.73 97.99 71.4 55
598 C 4 H 1 0 O sec-Butyl alcohol 99.53 91.14 45.8 55
599 C 4 H 1 0 O tert-Butyl alcohol 82.41 80.04 21.2 55
600 C 4 H l 0 O Isobutyl alcohol 107.89 94.46 57.6 55
601 C 6 H6 Benzene 80.1 12.7 v-1 343
602 C6 !2 H Cyclohexane 80.75 69.5 26.5 v-1 343

A = CH 4 Methane
603 C2H.6 Ethane ... Nonazeotrope v-1 268
604 C H83 Propane Nonazeotrope v-1 268

A = CH^ljSi Dichloromethylsilane
Chlorotrimethyl -
silane, 30°-40° V.p. curve, non­ 302
azeotrope

A = CH 0 4 Methanol 64.7
606 C C1 F
2 3 3
1,1,2 - T r i c h l o r o t r i -
fluoroethane 47.5 39.9 6 335
607 C2H2CI2 cis-l,2-Dichloro-
ethylene 60.3 51.5 15.1 V -1 5
608 C2H2CI2 trans -1,2 - D i c h l o r o -
ethylene 48.3 41.9 9.02 V -1 5
609 C2H Cl2 4 1,2 - D i c h l o r o e t h a n e 83.5 59.5 35 335
610 C H 0 2 4 Acetaldehyde 20.2 Nonazeotrope V -1 171
611 C H 0 2 4 2 Acetic acid 118.1 Nonazeotrope V -1 205,
285
612 C 2 H60 Ethyl alcohol 78.3 Nonazeotrope V -1 7, 6 8
613 C 2 H60 Methyl ether -23.65 .. . V -1 130
614 C 3 H N 3 A c r y l o n i t r i l e , 1 7 5 m m . 37 29 47 335
615 C 3 H 0 6 A c e t o n e , 752 m m . ... 55.07 14.8 V -1 7,
130
it 56.1 Nonazeotrope 192
" 4.56 a t m . 108 102 32 335
" 7.82 a t m . 132 124 46 335
" 11.6 a t m . 150 140 56 335
616 C
3 6°2 H Methyl acetate 57.1 53.9 17.7 V -1 31,
58
4.4 a t m .
11
107 99 29 335
" 7.8 a t m . 132 120 34.6 335
" 11.2 a t m . 149 135 40.4 335
617 C H NO 3 7 1 -Nitropropane 131.18 Nonazeotrope 55
618 C H NO 3 7 2 -Nitropropane 120.25 Nonazeotrope 55
ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

CH 0 4 Methanol (continued) 64.7


619 2 -Methoxyethanol
752 m m . ... Nonazeotrope v-1 335
11
800 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 335
620 C3H9BO3 T r i m e t h y l borate 6δ!θ 54.0 27 115, 335
11
60 p . s . i . g . .. . 100 33 335
" 30 p . s . i . g . ... 84 29 335
11
200 m m . ... 25 22 335
621 C H60
4 2 V i n y l acetate 72.7 58.8 36.6 335
M
72.6 59.05 36.6 96
622 C H80
4 2 -Butanone 79.6 64.5 70 v-1 135
623 C4H8O Butyraldehyde 74.8 Nonazeotrope 37
624 C HeO
4 Τ e t r a h yd r o fu r a n ,
740 m m . 65 59.1 31.1 v-1 115
625 E t h y l acetate, 40°-60° % alcohol i n ­ v-1 228
creases with
pressure
11 76.7 62.1 48.6 335
626 Methyl propionate 79.7 62.0 50 84
627 C H 4 1 0 O Butyl alcohol, crit.
region 117.75 Nonazeotrope v-1 75,
135
628 C 4 H n N D i e t h y l a m i n e , 740 m m . 54.7 66.2 40 335
629 Isoprene 34.3 29.57 5.2 324
630 ^ H g 3 - M e t h y l -1,2 -butadiene 40.8 34.7 8.5 324
631 C5H3 çis -1,3 -Pentadiene 44.0 38.1 16 v o l . % 291
632 trans -1.3- Pentadiene 42.0 36.5 15 v o l . % 291
M
36.5 12.9 v-1 249
633 C HeO
5 1,3-Butadienyl methyl
ether 90.7 62 57.5 335
634 3-Methyl-1-butene 21.2 17.9 4.28 v-1 249
635 ^5 10 H 2 - M e t h y l -1 -butene 32 27.4 8.1 v-1 249
636 C
5 10 H 2 - M e t h y l - 2 - butene 37.7 33.1 11.2 v-1 249
637 C
5 10 H 1 -Pentene 29.92 26.4 13 v o l . % 291
30.1 26.3 8.92 v-1 249
638 CsH 1 0 çis-2 -Pentene 37.1 31.8 7 vol. % 1
291
639 C H 5 1 0 O 2-Pentanone 102.2 Nonazeotrope v-1 135
640 C H 5 1 0 O 2 Isopropyl acetate 88.7 64.0 70.2 335
641 C
5 12 H 2 -Methylbutane 27.6 24.62 4 324
π
... 24.2 6.98 v-1 249
642 ^-5 12 H Pentane 36.15 30.85 7 324
643 C H 0 5 1 2 A m y l alcohol 137.8 Nonazeotrope v-1 135
644 C H 0 5 1 2 2 2,2 - D i m e t h o x y p r o p a n e 80 61-62 45 201
645 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 58 38 v-1 182,
9 7^
" 64.7 p.s.i.a. 108 102 49 v-1 ΔΙΌ
2
2775
5
" 112.7 p.s.i.a. 128 123 54 v-1
11
159.7 p.s.i.a. 141 138 58 v-1 275
" 209.7 p . s . i . a . 152 148 62 v-1 275
11
259.7 p . s . i . a . 161 159 65 v-1 275
646 QHgO 2,5 - D i m e t h y l f u r a n 93.3 61.5 51 335
647 CÔH 1 0 1,3-Hexadiene 72.9 <58 -40 80
648 ^6 10 Η 2,4-Hexadiene 82 -58 -40 80
649 C
6 10 H 3-Methyl-l,3-
pentadiene 77 -58 -40 80
650 C6 12 H C y c l o h e x a n e , <760 m m . 27.5 34 317
" <760 m m . ... 30 32.6 317
" <760 m m . ... 38 31.6 317
" <760 m m . ... 42 26.8 317
651 ^6^12 cis-3-Hexene 66.4 49.6 26 v o l . % 291
652 Q H 1 2 O Butyl vinyl ether 94.2 62 52 335
653 C H 6 l z O 4 - M e t h y l - 2 -pentanone 116.2 Nonazeotrope v-1 135
654 C6H14 2,2 - D i m e t h y l b u t a n e 49.74 39.6 17 v o l . % 291
655 CeHi4 2 -Methylpentane 60.27 45.6 21 v o l . % 291
656 3 -Methylpentane 63.28 47.1 20 v o l . % 291
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 25

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

CH 0 4 Methanol (continued) 64.7


657 C
6 14 H Hexane 68.95 49.5 26.4 175
It
68.95 50.57 28 324
658 C H 6 1 4 0 Butyl ethyl ether 92.2 62.6 56 335
659 C
6 14°2
H 1,1 - D i m e t h o x y b u t a n e 114 Nonazeotrope 334
660 C
6 14°2
H 2,2- Dimethoxybutane 106-7 64.5 81.5 201
661 Toluene 110.7 63.6 70.8 v-1 202
662 °7 14 Η trans -1,3 -Dimethyl -
cyclopentane 90.77 57.3 45 v o l . % 291
663 °7 16 Η Heptane 98.4 58.8 46.1 174
11
406 m m . 43.83 - 366
664 C
7 H
16 2-Methylhexane 9θ!θ5 57.1 44 v o l . % 291
665 C
7 H
16 3-Methylhexane 91.85 57.6 44 v o l . % 291
666 C
7 H
16 2,2,3 - T r i m e t h y l b u t a n e 80.88 54.1 38 v o l . % 291
667 Q H
10 ρ-Xylene 138.35 64.0 5 84
668 Ce H 0 1 4 2"-Ethyl-2-hexenal 176 Nonazeotrope 334
669 C
8 18 H Octane 125.75 62.75 67.5 174
11
406 m m . ... 47.65 - 366
670 C H 9 1 8 0 2,6-Dimethyl-4-
heptanone 169.4 Nonazeotrope 334
671 C9H20 N o n a n e , 406 m m .
II
... 48.93 - 366
150.7 64.1 83.4 174
672 C
10 22 H D e c a n e , 406 m m . ... Nonazeotrope 366
II Nonazeotrope v-1 249
171.8
673 C n H 2 4 U n d e c a n e , 406 m m . ... Nonazeotrope 366

CH S 4 Methanethiol 6.00
674 C H 4 8 2-Methylpropene,
95 p . s . i . a . ... 53 19.5 145
675 C4H10 2-Methylpropane -11.70 -13.00 4.9 21

CH N 5 Methylamine -6
676 C H 4 6 Butadiene .. . 58 20
" 5 atm. 74 20
20 a t m .
11
96 20
677 C H 4 8 1 - Butene 50 20
" 5 atm. ... 64 20
" 20 a t m . 74 20

C C1F 2 Chloropentafluoro- -38.5


ethane
678 C2H4F2 1,1 - D i f l u o r o e t h a n e -24.7 -41.3 83.8 198

C2Cl2F 4 1,2-Dichlorotetra-
fluoroethane
679 C4H10 Butane -0.5 -2.2 59 102

C2G13F3 1,1,2-Trichlorotri- 47.5


fluoroethane
680 C2C14F2 1,1,2,2 - T e t r a c h l o r o -
difluoroethane 92.4 Nonazeotrope 96, 334
681 Ethyl alcohol 78.3 43.8 96.2 335

C2C1 4 Tetrachloroethylene 121.1


682 C2H3CI3 1,1,2 - T r i c h l o r o e t h a n e 113.65 112.9 26 197
683 CaHgO Acetone 56.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 64
684 C3H3O Isopropyl alcohol 82.3 81.7 19 334
685 C4H10O Butyl alcohol 117.7 110 68 334

C2HCI3 Trichloroethylene 86.2


686 C2H4CI2 1,2 - D i c h l o r o e t h a n e 83.45 82.2 39 197
687 C2H4O2 Acetic acid 117.9 Nonazeotrope 334
688 C3H6CI2 1,2 - D i c h l o r o p r o p a n e 96.3 Nonazeotrope 334
689 C.HgO 2-Butanone 79.6 Nonazeotrope 184
690 C He04 2 Ethyl acetate,
700-760 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 274
26 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

C H 2 2 Acetylene -84
691 C H 2 4 Ethylene 103.7 18 293
11
Crit. press. 19 293
" - 3 5 ° , 0 ° , 40° F . .. . v-1 137
692 C H 2 6 Ethane -88.3 '. ! ! 39* 293
Crit. press
11
44 293
-35°, 0°, 4 0 ° F . .. . v-1 137
693 C H 3 4 Propyne, -50° to 35° C . Nonazeotrope v-1 28

C ^ C l , çis-1,2-Dichlor 0 - 60.3
ethylene
694 CaHgO Ethyl alcohol 78.3 Calculated v-1 5
695 CaHgO Acetone 56.4 61.9 73 v-1 5
696 Ethyl formate 54.0 Nonazeotrope v-1 5
697 C3IÎ5O2 M e t h y l acetate 57.2 61.7 73 v-1 5
698 ^3Ηβ0 2 Methylal 42.6 Nonazeotrope v-1 103
699 C HeO
4 2 -Butanone 79.6 Nonazeotrope v-1 5
700 Tetrahydrofuran 66.1 69.8 44.5 v-1 103
701 C 6 H 1 4 0 Isopropyl ether 68.0 Nonazeotrope v-1 103

C H2C1 2 2 trans - 1 , 2 - D i c h l o r 0 - 48.35


ethylene
702 CsHgO Ethyl alcohol 78.3 Calculated v-1 5
703 C 3 H 6 O Acetone 56.4 Nonazeotrope v-1 5
704 Ethyl formate 54.0 Nonazeotrope v-1 5
705 C 3 H g 0 2 M e t h y l acetate 57.2 Nonazeotrope v-1 5
706 Methylal 42.6 48.6 79.3 v-1 103
707 C HeO
4 2-Butanone 79.6 Nonazeotrope v-1 5
708 C HeO
4 Tetrahydrofuran 66.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 103
709 C 6 H 1 4 0 Isopropyl ether 68.0 Nonazeotrope v-1 103

C H C1 2 3 Vinyl Chloride 13.4


710 C H C1
2 4 2 1,2 - D i c h l o r o e t h a n e 83.5 Nonazeotrope 334
711 Acetone 56.1 Nonazeotrope 334

C H C1 2 3 3 1,1,1-Trichloroethane 74.1
712 C H C1
2 3 3 1,1,2 - T r i c h l o r o e t h a n e 113.9 Nonazeotrope 96
713 C 2 H 4 C I 2 1,1 - D i c h l o r o e t h a n e 57.4 Nonazeotrope 96

C H F 0 2 3 3 2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol ...
714 CgHgO Ethyl alcohol 78 .*3 81.75 57.65 226

Acetonitrile 81.55
715 C^H^Cla 1,2 - D i c h l o r o e t h a n e 83.15 -79.1 49 v-1 267
716 C H3N
3 Acrylonitrile 77.1 Nonazeotrope 334
717 CaHgO Acetone, 45° C . ... Nonazeotrope v-1 25
718 C H NO 3 7 Ν, Ν - D i m e t h y l f o r m -
amide 153 Nonazeotrope 334
" 100-500 m m . .. . Nonazeotrope 334
719 C
5 12 H Pentane, 24 p . s . i . g . 65 58 13 334
720 C6H 6
Benzene, 278 m m . ... 45 30.7 v-1 22
721 C H N
6 7 2-Picoline 134 Nonazeotrope v-1 247
722 C
7 16 H Heptane 98.4 69.55 368
723 Q 18 H Octane 125.75 76.7 368
724 CÇHJJO Nonane 150.7 79.82 368
725 Qo 22 H Decane 173.3 81.45 368
726 C H n 2 4 Undecane 195.4 Nonazeotrope 368

C H 2 4 Ethylene •103.7
72 7 C H 2 6 Ethane, -35°, 0°, 40° F . -88.3 ... ... v-1 137
" 0°, -40°, -100° F . ... Nonazeotrope v-1 129

C H Br 2 4 2 1,2 -Dibromoethane 131.5


728 C
8 10 H m-Xylene 139 Nonazeotrope 113
729 CeHio £-Xylene 138.4 131.0 94 113
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 27

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

C2H4CI2 1,2-Dichloroethane 83.65


730 C3IÏ6CI2 1,2 - D i c h l o r o p r o p a n e 96.3 Nonazeotrope 334
731 CaHeO Isopropyl alcohol 82.3 72.7 60.8 334
732 C4H8CI2O B i s (2 - c h l o r o e thyl) e ther 1 7 9 . 2 Nonazeotrope 334
733 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 80.1 15 v o l . % 235
734 C6H 1 2 Cyclohexane 80.75 74.7 38 v o l . % 235
735 C H 7 1 6 2,4- Dimethylpentane 80.8 73.7 35 v o l . % 235

C2IÎ4O Acetaldehyde 20.2


736 C H C1
2 5 Chloroethane 12.3 11 9.5 96
737 C H<p
3 Propylene oxide,
35 p . s . i . g . 73 Nonazeotrope 334
738 C^HgOz V i n y l acetate 72.5 Nonazeotrope 96
739 C4H8O Ethyl vinyl ether 35.5 Nonazeotrope 334
740 C4H 1 0 Butane -0.5 -7 16 334
741 Ethyl ether 34.5 18.9 76.5 243
742 C H 6 1 4 0 Isopropyl ether 68.3 Nonazeotrope 334

C2H4O Ethylene Oxide 10.5


334
743 C4H10 Butane -0.5 -6.5 22

C2H4O2 Acetic A c i d 118.1


744 C H Q 2 6 Ethyl alcohol 78.3 Nonazeotrope v-1 205,
285
745 C H<p Propionic acid 140.7 Ideal s y s t e m v-1 48
3 2

746 C H O 3 e Propyl alcohol 97.25 Nonazeotrope v-1 205,


285
747 C H60 4 3
Acetic anhydride 139.9 Nonazeotrope 334
748 C4H3O2 £-Dioxane 119.4 79.5 180
749 C4H3O2 Ethyl acetate 76.7 Nonazeotrope 334
750 C H9NO 4 N,N-Dimethyl-
acetamide 165 170.8 21.1 295
751 C H 4 l 6 0 Butyl alcohol 117.1 120.3 43 v-1
205,
285
752 C H N 5 5 Pyridine 115.5 138.1 51.1 373
11
Crit. press. 345 348 20.2 323
753 C 5 H 1 0 O 2 Isopropyl acetate 88.7 Nonazeotrope 334
754 C5H12 Pentane 36.15 Nonazeotrope 187
755 C H N 6 7 2-Picoline 134 144.12 40.4 369
756 C Hu 6 Hexane 68.7 Nonazeotrope 334
II 187, 189
68.60 68.25 6.0
757 C Hi 0 6 4 Isopropyl ether 68.3 Nonazeotrope 334
758 ^ Η 9 2,6-Lutidine 143.41 147.28 24 v-1 358
II 364
144 148.1 22.9
II
162.3 19.5 370
759 Heptane 98.25 91.72°- 33 187, 189,
C
7 16 H

355, 373
760 C H 8 1 0 o-Xylene 143.6 116.6 78 372
761 C
8 18 H Octane 125.75 105.7 53.7 v-1 189,
355, 359
762 CçHi 2 Cumene 152.8 116 84 76
763 C9H20 Nonane
II
150.2 112.8 69 187, 189, 355
150.2 113.25 69.6 324
764 ^10 16 H C a m p h e n e , 100 m m . .. . 60.6 90 v-1 294
765 C H 2 Decane 173.3 116.75 79.5 187,
1 0 2
189, 355
II
173.3 117.2 79 324
II
116.10 87 v-1 358
766 CiiH 2 4 Undecane 194*5 117.72 95 187, 189, 355
II 324
194.5 117.17 78
767 C 1 2 H 2 0 O 2 Isobornyl acetate 225.8 Ideal system v-1 294
768 C12H26 Dodecane 216 Nonazeotrope 187

C2H5CI Chloroethane 12.4


769 C4H10 η-Butane -0.5 15.6 255
" 738.6 m m . -0.5 -1.4 20.2 v-1 263
28 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

A = C H C10 2 5 2-Chloroethanol 128.7


770 C ^ C I O 2-Chloroethyl vinyl
ether, 120 m m . 55.62 14 341
7 7 1 C4H8CI2O Bis(2 -chloroethyDether,
50 m m . 96 Nonazeotrope 334
11
179.2 Nonazeotrope 334
7 7 2 C4H8O2 £-Dioxane 101.3 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C2H5NO Acetamide 222


773 11 10
C H 2 -Methylnaphthalene 241.1 ... 55 98

A = C2H5N02 Nitroethane 114.07


774 Ethyl alcohol 78.32 78.03 12.6 55
775 C HeO
3 Isopropyl alcohol 82.40 81.82 10.6 55
776 C HeO
3 Propyl alcohol 97.15 94.49 31.8 55
777 C4H10C Butyl alcohol 117.75 107.94 58.6 55
778 C H p4 1 ( sec-Butyl alcohol 99.53 97.16 27.6 55
779 C H p4 1 ( tert-Butyl alcohol 82.41 82.22 4.5 55
780 C H O4 l 0 Isobutyl alcohol 107.89 102.68 40.8 55

A = C H6 2 Ethane
781 C Fi7 6 P e rfluo roheptane,
crit. region Nonazeotrope v-1 155

C HeO
2 Ethyl Alcohol 78.3
782 CaHgO Acetone 56.4 Nonazeotrope v-1 7,
134
783 C3H7NO2 1-Nitropropane 131.18 Nonazeotrope 55
784 C3H7NO2 2-Nitropropane 120.25 78.28 93.6 55
785 CsHeO Isopropyl alcohol 82.3 Nonazeotrope v-1 116
786 C H O
4 e 2 -Butanone 79.6 74.0 39 v-1 134
It
79.6 74.8 34 334
787 C H 04 8
Butyraldehyde 75.7 70.7 60.6 335
788 C H 0 Ethyl vinyl ether 35.5 Nonazeotrope 334
4 8
789 C H 0 £-Dioxane, 200 m m . .. . 46.4 68 v-1 124
4 8 2
11
400 m m , ... 62.4 82 124
11
600 m m . ... 72.19 88 124
11
760 m m . ... 78.25 >98 124
790 C H 04 8 2
E t h y l acetate, 40°-60° C. % A l e . increases v-1 228
with press.
" 77.4 m m . ... 15.95 117
" 760 m m . ... ... 30.97 117
II
77.05 72.18 25.8 228
791 QHKP Butyl alcohol 117.75 Nonazeotrope v-1 134
792 C4HKP sec-Butyl alcohol 99.4 Nonazeotrope v-1 134
793 C4H10O2 2-Ethoxyethanol 134 Nonazeotrope v-1 335
794 C4H11N Butylamine 77.8 82.2 49 . 335
795 Q H 1 1 N Diethylamine 55.5 Nonazeotrope 334
796 C5HA E t h y l a c r y l a t e , 1 0 0 m m .4 4 . 9 32 54.4 335
797 C5H10 2-Methyl-1-butene 31.10 30.1 22 v o l . % 291
798 CSHKP Isopropyl vinyl ether,
737 m m . 54.8 52.6 334
799 C5H10O 2-Pentanone 102.35 78 93.3 v-1 134
800 C5H10O Propyl vinyl ether 65.1 60 18.4 334
801 CAP A m y l alcohol 137.8 Nonazeotrope v-1 134
802 CsH 0 12
Butyl methyl ether 70.3 65.5 20 334
803 C Hi 02 2,2 - D i m e t h o x y p r o p a n e 80 Min. b.p. 201
5 2
804 Benzene, 310 m m . ... 45 26.2 v-1 22
11
180 m m . 32.5 23.2 v-1 240
11
400 m m . ... 51.2 28.1 v-1 240
11
168.4 m m . ... 29.97 21.33 v-1 328
11
233.5 m m . 38.37 23.72 328
" 336.4 m m . ... 47.15 26.32 328
" 584 m m . ... 61.06 30.35 328
11
209 m m . 35.0 24.3 256
11
760 m m . 80.1 67.9 31.7 v-1 191,
344
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 29

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

C H 0 2 6 Ethyl Alcohol 78.3


(continued)
804 C H6 6
B e n z e n e (continued)
" 5570 m m .
... 132.9 56 256
"
"
11,720 m m .
19,160 m m .
... 166.9
191.1
69.5
81
256
256
805 C H N 6 7 Aniline 184.35
.. . v-1 138
806
807
C Hio
CÔHIO
6 1,3-Hexadiene
2,4-Hexadiene
72.9
82
M i n . b.p.
M i n . b.p.
... 80
80
808 C Hio 6 3 -Methylcyclopentene 64.9 57.2 20 v o l . % 291
809 QHio 3-Methyl-l,3-
pentadiene 77 M i n . b.p. 80
810 C
6 H
1 2 C y c l o h e x a n e , 296 m m .
11
420 m m .
.. . 41.2
49.3
25.5
27.3
316
316
11

"
643 m m .
760 m m .
•.. 60.8
64.8
29.8
31.3
316
316
" 760 m m . 64.9 40 147
811 C H 6 1 2 2-Ethyl-1-butene 64.95 57.0 23 v o l . % 291
812 C 6 H i 2 1 -Hexene 63.49 56.1 22 v o l . % 291
813 C 6 H i 2 cis-2-Hexene 68.8 59.5 22 v o l . % 291
814 C 6 H i 2 cis- 3-Hexene 66.4 49.6 26 v o l . % 291
815 Methylcyclopentane 72.0 60.05 22.7 v-1 304
C
6 H
1 2
816 C 6 H i 2 cis-3-Methyl-2-pentene 70.52 60.4 24 v o l . % 291
817 C
6 H
1 2 trans-3-Methyl-2-
pentene 67.6 58.8 20 v o l . % 291
818 C H 6 1 2 trans-4-Methyl-2-
pentene 58.4 52.6 15 v o l . % 291
819 C H 0 Butyl vinyl ether 94.2 73 48 335
6 1 2

820 C H 0 Isobutyl vinyl ether 83.4 69.2 33 335


6 1 2

821 C
l P 36 H Paraldehyde 124.5 Nonazeotrope 334
822 C Hi 6 4 Hexane 68.95 58 20.8 v-1 304

823 C H 6 1 4
" 1545 m m .
2 - Methylpentane
...
60.27
•. .
53.1
26.3 v o l . % 251
12 v o l . % 2 91
824 QH140 Ethyl butyl ether 92.2 73.8 49.3 335
825 c ^ p Isopropyl ether 68.3 64 17.1 335
826 C
6 H
l P 2 1,2- D i e t h o x y e t h a n e 121.1 Nonazeotrope 334
827 C H 6 1 5 N Triethylamine 89.7 76.9 51 335
828 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.7 76.5 66.7 v - 1 138,
191
11
327 m m . 76.2 117
11
800 m m .
... .. . 81.6 117
829 ° 7 1 2 Η 1,3-Heptadiene
.. . M i n . b.p. 80
830
831
C H i 2
C H
7

7 1 4
2,4-Heptadiene
1,1-Dimethylcyclo-
.. . M i n . b.p. 80

pentane 87.85 68.0 3 7 vol. % 291


832 C 7 H u cis-1,2 -Dimethyl -
cyclopentane 99.53 72.1 46 v o l . % 291
833 °7 14 Η trans -1,2 - D i m e t h y l -
cyclopentane 91.87 69.6 39 v o l . % 2-91
834 C H 7 1 4 cis -1,3-Dimethyl-
cyclopentane 91.73 69.5 38 v o l . % 291
835 C H 7 1 4 trans -1,3 -Dimethyl -
cyclopentane 90.77 69.1 37 v o l . % 291
836 C H 7 1 4 2 , 3 - D i m e t h y l - 1 - pe nte ne 84.2 67.1 35 v o l . % 291
837 C H u 7 Ethylcyclopentane 103.47 73.1 48 v o l . % 291
838 C H 7 1 4 1,1,2,2- Te tr amethyl -
cyclopropane 75.9 62.6 30 vol. % 291
839 C
7 16 H 2,2 - D i m e t h y l p e n t a n e 79.20 63.9 25 vol. % 291
840 C H 7 1 6 2,3 - D i m e t h y l p e n t a n e 89.78 68.6 34 vol. % 291
841 C
7 H
16 2,4-Dimethylpentane 80.50 64.6 29 vol. % 291
842 C
7 H
16 3,3- Dimethylpentane 86.07 67.1 38 vol. % 291
843 C
7 H
16 3 -Ethylpentane 93.47 70 38 vol. % 291
844 C 7 H 1 6 Heptane 98.4 72 48 v-1 138,
239, 335
11
180 mm.
... 37.5 43 v-1 158
30 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

Ethyl Alcohol 78.3


(continued)
844 C
7 16H Heptane (continued)
11
400 m m .
. ·. 54.5 43 v-1 158
11
750 m m . ... 71.0 45 v-1 158
291
845 ^7 16 H 2 -Methylhexane 90.05 68.7 36 v o l . %
846 °7 16 Η 3 -Methylhexane 91.85 69.3 36 v o l . % 291
847 C8 16 H 1,1 - D i m e t h y l c y c l o -
hexane 119.54 76.2 65 v o l . % 291
848 C
8 16H cis -1,4 - D i m e t h y l -
cyclohexane 124.32 76.9 70 v o l . % 291
849 C
8 16H trans -1,3 - D i m e t h y l -
cyclohexane 124.45 76.9 70 v o l . % 291
850 C8 16 H trans -1,4 - D i m e t h y l -
cyclohexane 119.35 76.2 64 v o l . % 291
851 C
8 16H 1-Ethyl-l-methyl-
cyclopentane 121.52 76.5 66 v o l . % 291
852 C
8 16H l,cis-2,trans-3-
Trimethylcyclo-
pentane 117.5 75.9 62 v o l . % 291
853 C
8 16H l,trans-2,cis-4-
Trimethylcyclo-
pentane 109.29 74.3 52 v o l . % 291
854 C
8 16H 2,4,4-Trimethyl-
2-pentene 104.91 73.9 50 vol. % 291
855 C 8 H 1 8 2,2- Dimethylhexane 106.84 73.6 46 vol. % 291
856 C 8 H 1 8 2,3- Dimethylhexane 115.61 75.5 57 vol. % 291
857 C 8 H 1 8 3,4- D i m e thylhexane 117.73 75.8 60 vol. % 291
858 C 8 Hi 8 2 -Methylheptane 117.65 75.8 59 vol. % 291
859 C 8 H 1 8 3 - Methylheptane 118.93 76.0 61 vol. % 291
860 C 8 H 1 8 4 -Methylheptane 117.71 75.8 61 vol. % 291
861 C 8 H 1 8 2,2,3-Trimethyl-
pentane 109.84 74.3 53 v o l . % 291
862 C Hi8 8 2,2,4-Trimethyl-
pentane 99.24 71.8 40 v o l . % 291
863 C
8 18H 2,3,3-Trimethyl-
pentane 114.76 75.3 56 v o l . % 291
864 C Hi8 8 2,3,4-Trimethyl-
pentane 113.47 75.1 57 v o l . % 291
865 CeHieO Butyl ether 142.1 Nonazeotrope 334
866 C
8 18°2
H 2-Ethyl-l,3-
hexanediol 243.1 Nonazeotrope 334

C H60S
2 Dimethylsulf oxide ...
867 C H66 Benzene, 25°-70° ... V.p. curve 164

C H 0
2 6 2 Ethylene G l y c o l 197.4
868 C H 0
3 4 3 Ethylene carbonate,
10 m m . ... 88 13.9
7.5
262
262
" 25 m m . 107
" 50 m m . ... 122 2.6 262
" 72 m m . 163 0 262
869 C ^ C i p Bis(2-chloroethyl)
ether, 50 m m .
It
96
178.6
92.7
164
...
17.8
335
60
870
871
C He02
4 2 -Vinyloxyethanol 143 ... 13 94
C H30
4 3 Ethylene glycol
monoacetate
.. · Nonazeotrope 147
" 150 m m .
... Nonazeotrope 147
872 C5H12O3 2 -(2 -Methoxyethoxy)
ethanol
11
50 m m .
194
115
...
114
30
4
284, 335
335
" 200 m m . 151 149 12 335
873 C H N
6 7 Aniline, 37.1 m m . ... 95 8.75 v-1 59
" 104.7 m m . ... 120 12.7 v-1 59
" 257.9 m m . ... 145 16.8 v-1 59
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 31

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

C2H5O2 Ethylene G l y c o l 197.4


(continued)
874 CgHiP Hexyl alcohol 157.1 Nonazeotrope 334
875 C H 6 1 4 Q 3
2 -(2 -Ethoxyethoxy)
ethanol 202.8 192 45.5 284, 335
" 100 m m . 137.3 134 33 335
11
36 m m . 108.5 26.6 243
876 Q H e Toluene 110.6 110.1 2.3 335
877 C HaO7 Benzyl alcohol 205.2 193.1 56 60
878 C HeO 7 o-Cresol 191 189.52 26 188
879 C HoN7
Κ -Methylaniline,
31.8 m m . 95 22.9 v-1 59
" 95.3 m m . 120 26.6 v-1 59
11
244 m m . 145 30.0 v-1 59
880 CgH^o ο-Xylene 144*4 135.7 6.9 335
881 C H N 8 n Ν ,N -Dimethylaniline,
39.3 m m . 95 17.6 v-1 59
11
115 m m . 120 21.8 v-1 59
11
293 m m . 145 26.5 v-1 59
882 C H 8 n N s-Collidine 171.3 170.5 9.7 188
883 CeH 1 8 0 B u t y l ether 142.1 139.5 6.4 334, 335
884 C H 8 1 8 0 3
2 - (2 - B u t o x y e thoxy)
ethanol 230.6 M i n . b.p. 284
885 C H
8 1 9 NO 2 -Diisopropylamino-
ethanol, 10 m m . 79 74 10 335
11
50 m m . 111 104 15 335
11
100 m m . 127 121 18 335
886 CoH 0 1 4 Phorone 197.8 184.5 42 59
887 CioH 8 Naphthalene 217.9 183.6 46 147
888 Cj()H oOS 2 2 -Hexylthioethyl
vinyl ether M i n . b.p. 329
889 CXQH220 4 Tripropylene glycol
methyl ether 243 192 82 v-1 76
138.5 77.2 76
111.5 75.1 76
890 Ci2H 1 0 O Phenyl ether, 50 m m . îèi'o 120.4 62.3 335
259.3 192.3 64.5 59
891 Ci H 0 2 2 6 Hexyl ether, 50 m m . 137.0 112.8 35.6 335
892 Ci Hio 4
Anthracene 340 197 98.3 305
893 C H Q 1 6 3 4 2-Ethylhexyl ether,
10 m m . 135 87 335

A = CgH^S Methyl Sulfide 37.32


8 9 4 C5H10 Cyclopentane 49.35 37.09 87.5 70
895 C H 5 1 0 2 - M e t h y l - 2 -butene 38.60 34.83 53.6 70
896 C 5 H 1 0 2 -Methyl -1 -butene 31.25 30.64 17.0 70
897 C 5 H 1 2 2 -Methylbutane 27.90 26.62 25.0 70
898 C H 5 1 2 Pentane 36.15 31.80 46.6 70
899 C H 6 U 2,2- Dimethylbutane 49.70 36.50 79.8 70

A = C2H6S2 Methyl Disulfide 109.44


900 C s H ^ 2 -Methylthiophene 111.92 Nonazeotrope 70
70
. ..
9 0 1 C5H12S Ethyl isopropyl sulfide 107.22 106.37
902
903
C H
C H
7

7
8

U
Toluene
Methylcyclohexane
110.85
101.05
108.93
98.92 28.6 ... 70
70
904 C H 7 1 6 Heptane 98.40 96.44 26.3 70
905 CeH 1 6 trans-1,3 -Dimethyl -
cyclohexane 120.30 107.22 73.3 70
906 C8H 1 8 2,3 - Dimethylhexane 109.15 102.84 48.2 70
907 Q H 1 8 2 -Methylheptane 117.70 106.22 69.5 70

A = C H N 2 7 Dimethy lamine 7.4


908 C ^ ^ N O 2 - (Dimethylamino)
ethanol 134.6 Nonazeotrope 334
32 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

A= C H N
2 7 Ethylamine 16.6
909 C 4 H 1 1 N Diethylamine 55.5 Nonazeotrope 334
910 C4H11NO2 2,2'-Iminodiethanol Nonazeotrope 334

A= C2H7NO 2-Aminoethanol 171.0


911 C^O Acetone 56.1 Nonazeotrope 334
912 C H
4 n N 0 2 2,2»-Iminodiethanol,
10 m m . 150 Nonazeotrope 334

A= C H N
2 8 2 Ethylenediamine 116.9
913 C4H8Ô 2 p-Dioxane 101.3 Nonazeotrope 334
914 C HKP
4 Butyl alcohol 117.7 124.7 35.7 335
915 C 4 H K P Isobutyl alcohol 107.9 120.5 50 335
916 CÔHÔ Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope 334
917 C H
7 8 Toluene 110.7 104 30.8 76
103 30 334

A = C3UF 0 5 2 Pentaf luoropropionic


Acid
918 C6F14 P e r f l u o r o h e x a n e , 25° C . . . . Nonazeotrope v-1 237

A= CsHaClFaOj^ 3-Chloro-2,2,3-
trifluoropropionic A c i d
919 C H NO
3 7 N,N, -Dimethylform-
a m i d e , 20 m m . 115-120 ... 93

A= C H F 0
3 2 4 2 2,2,3,3-Tetrafluoro-
propionic A c i d
920 C3H NO 7 N,N-Dimethylform-
a m i d e , 20 m m . 40 67 93

A = C3H3CIF3NO 3-Chloro-2,2,3-
trifluoropropionamide
921 C3H NO 7 Ν,Ν-Dimethylf o r m -
a m i d e , 20 m m . 101-106 ... 93

A= C3H3F4NO 2,2,3,3-Tetrafluoro-
propionamide
922 CjHyNO Ν ,N - Dimethylf or m -
a m i d e , 20 m m . .. . 91-4 66 93
" 153 187 ... 93

A= C3H3N Acrylonitrile 77.2


923 C H5N
3 Propionitrile 97.4 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C3H4 Propadiene -32


924 C 3 H 4 Propyne -23.2 Nonazeotrope 334
925 C 3 H 6 Propene -47.7 Nonazeotrope 334
926 C 3 H 8 Propane -42.1 -42 11.6 v o l . % 334
927 C H
4 6 1,3-Butadiene -4.5 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C H
3 4 Propyne -23.2
928 C H
3 6 Propene -47.7 Nonazeotrope 334
929 C3H 8 Propane -42.1 -42 11.7 v o l . % 334
930 C H
4 6 1,3-Butadiene -4.5 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C3H4CI4 Tetrachloropropane
931 C H C1
5 8 4 Tetrachloropentane,
12-150 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 250

A = C H 0
3 4 2-Propyn-l-ol 115
932 C H
6 6 Benzene 80.1 78 9 95

A = 0 3 ^ 0 2 Acrylic Acid 141.2


933 C H 0 s 8 2 Ethyl acrylate 99.3 Nonazeotrope 334
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 33

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

A = C3H5CI 3-Chloropropene 45.15


934 C^Cl 2 -Chloropropane 34.9 Nonazeotrope v-1 83

A = C H C10
3 5 2-Chloro-2-propen-l-ol . . .
9 3 5 C5H7CIO 2-Chloroallyl vinyl
ether 10 341

A = CsHgClO Epichlorohydrin 116.45


936 C H C1
3 5 3 1,2,3-Trichloropropane 156.85 Nonazeotrope v - 1 337

A = C H 3 6 Propene -48
Nonazeotrope v - 1 128
9 3 7 C3H8 Propane, 10°--190°F. . . .

A= C&Cl 2 1.2- Dichlor opropane 96.3


Propylene oxide,
938 C^O 20 p . s . i . g . 60 Nonazeotrope 334
1.2- P r o p a n e d i o l 187.3 Nonazeotrope 334
939 C H 0 3 8 2

Acetone 56.5
A = CaHgO Isopropyl alcohol 82.3 Nonazeotrope v-1 45,
940 C H80
3 46
941 C H 0 Diketene Nonazeotrope 334
942 C H 0
4

4
4

6
2

2 V i n y l acetate •. ·
72.7 Nonazeotrope 334
943 C ^ C l 1 - Chlorο - 2- methyl -
propene 68 55.6 81 241
944 C HgO
4 2 -Butanone,
15-500 p.s.i.a. Nonazeotrope v-1 254,
334
945 CgHgOjj Isopropenyl acetate 96.5 Nonazeotrope 147
946 C5H10 1 - Pentene 29.97 28.9 19 v o l . % 291
947 C H 5 1 0 O 2 Isopropyl acetate 88.7 Nonazeotrope 334
948 C H 5 1 2 Pentane 36.15 32.5 20 131
" <100 m m .
... Nonazeotrope 131
949 C H 6 6 Benzene, 45° C .
it .. .
80.1
Nonazeotrope
Nonazeotrope
v-1
v-1
23
36
950 C H 6 1 2 Cyclohexane 80.75 53.0 67.5 v-1 186
80.75 67 256
951 C H 6 1 2 Methylcyclopentane 72.0 57 256
952 C H 6 1 2
1,1,2-Trimethyl-
cyclopropane 52.6 42.3 32 v o l . % 291
953 C 6 H 1 2 0 4-Methyl-2-pentanone 1 11155 . 99 Nonazeotrope v-1 157
954 C 6 H 1 2 0 2 B u t y l acetate 126.2 Nonazeotrope v-1 63
955 C 6 H 1 4 2.3- Dimethylbutane 58.0 46.5 256
956 C 6 H 1 4 Hexane 68.95 49.8 59 256, 334
957 C 7 H 1 6 Heptane 98.4 89.5 256

A = C H603 A l l y l Alcohol 96.6


958 0 ΗβΟ
3 Isopropyl alcohol 82.3 Nonazeotrope v-1 172
959 C HaO
5 A l l y l vinyl ether 10 341
67*4 66.6 5 334
960 CsHeOi A l l y l acetate 95.1 63 1
961 C H 6 1 2 Cyclohexane 8Ô.*8 74.0 58 147
962 C H 6 1 4 Hexane 68.8 12.5 176
963 C H 0 6 1 4 Isopropyl ether 68.3 Nonazeotrope 334

A= CsHgO Propionaldehyde 48.7


Propylene oxide,
964 C H503
30 p . s . i . g . 69 Nonazeotrope 334
2-Methylfuran 63.7 Nonazeotrope 270
965 CsHgO
Propylene Oxide 35
A = C H603
Ethyl ether 34.5 32.6 49.6 243
966 C H O 4 1 0

A= C H 0 3 6 2 1.3- Dioxolane 75.6


967 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.6 Nonazeotrope 334
968 C7H 1 6 Heptane 98.4 72.3 81 334
34 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name ] .P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

= 1,3-Dioxolane 75.6
(continued)
969 CgHxgO Butyl ether .42.1 Nonazeotrope 334
970 C H o
9 2
Nonane .50.8 Nonazeotrope 334

= C H 0 3 6 2 Ethyl Formate 54.1


971 C H Br
3 7 2 -Bromopropane 59.35 53.0 59.4 195, 252

= C H 0 3 6 2 Methyl Acetate 56.95


972 C H Br
3 7 2 -Bromopropane 59.35 55.6 14.5 195
973 CsHejO 2-Methylfuran .. . Nonazeotrope 270
974 C H 5 8 Cyclopentene 44.4 41.7 27.7 126
975 C H 5 1 0 Cyclopentane 49.3 43.2 37.9 126
976 C H 5 1 0 1 -Pentene 30.1 30.0 3.3 126
977 C H 5 1 2 Pentane 36.08 34.05 22 126
978 CeHg Benzene 80.1 56.7 99.7 126
979 C H 6 8 1,3-Cyclohexadiene 80.25 56.7 98.0 126
980 C H 6 1 0 Cyclohexene 83.1 56.5 90.2 126
981 Q 12 H Cyclohexane 80.6 54.9 83.0 126
982 C Hi6 2 2,3-Dimethyl-1-butene 55.62 48.95 42.8 126
983 Q H 1 2 2,3- D i m e t h y l - 2 - butene 73.38 55.1 71.8 126
984 CeHi 2 3,3-Dimethyl -1 -butene 41.4 39.9 8.8 126
985 CéHi 2 2-Ethyl-1-butene 64.8 52.8 60.1 126
986 Q H 1 2 1 -Hexene 63.58 52.5 63.6 126
987 C6H 1 2 cis-2-Hexene 68.55 53.7 69.8 126
988 Q H 1 2 3 - M e t h y l - 2 -pentene 70.64 54.45 73.7 126
989 Q H i 2 4 - M e t h y l -1 -pentene 54.0 48.3 36.7 126
990 Q H 1 2 trans-4-Methyl -
2-pentene 58.45 50.0 51.3 126
991 C H 6 1 2 Methylcyclopentane 71.8 53.0 68.0 126
992 Q>H 1 4 2,2 - D i m e t h y l b u t a n e 49.65 43.7 38.2 126
993 C6H 1 4 2.3- Dimethylbutane 58.05 48.0 48.25 126
994 Hexane 68.85 51.75 60.7 126
995 Q>H 1 4 2-Methylpentane 60.2 49.25 51.6 126
996 Q H
1 4 3 -Methylpentane 63.25 50.05 57.4 126
997 Q H 1 6 2.4- Dimethylpentane 80.7 54.7 72.4 126
998 Q H 1 6 Heptane 98.45 56.65 96.45 126
999 C Hi7 6 2-Methylhexane 90.0 56.0 88.6 126
1000 C H 7 1 6 3 - Methylhexane 91.85 56.3 84.9 126
1001 C H 7 1 6 2,2,3 - T r i m e thylbutane 80.9 55.1 74.2 126

= C H 0 3 6 2 Propionic A c i d 140.7
1002 C H60
4 3 Acetic anhydride 138 Nonazeotrope v-1 250
1003 CgHgN Pyridine 115.5 148.6 67.2 370
1004 C5H11NO N,N-Dimethylpropion-
amide 175.5 179.3 23.6 295
1005 Q H u Hexane 68.85 Nonazeotrope 189
1006 Q H 1 6 Heptane 98.15 97.82 2.0 189
1007 C
8 18 H Octane 125.12 120.89 24 189
M
125.12 ... 24.2 v-1 154
" Satd. with N a ... .. . 6 v-1 154
propionate
1008 C9H20 Nonane 150.67 134.27 54 189
1009 CioH 2 2 Decane 174.06 139.76 80.5 189
1010 C n H Undecane 193.85 Nonazeotrope 189
2 4

= C H<s0 3 3 Methyl Glycolate 151.2


1011 C H 8 1 0 Ethylbenzene 136.15 M i n . b.p. 52
1012 C
8 10H m-Xylene 139 M i n . b.p. ... 52

= s-Trioxane 114.5
1013 C
6 12H Cyclohexane 80.75 M i n . b.p. 52

A = C H C10 3 7 Propylene Chlorohydrin 73/100


1014 CgH^C^O Bisfchloroisopropyl)
e t h e r , 100 m m . 121.9 Nonazeotrope 334
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 35

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

= CjHyNO N,N-Dimethylformamide 153


1015 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope 52

CjH NO 7 Propionamide 222


1016 CloH22 D e c a n e , 50 m m . 88 3 26
"
"
100 m m .
200 m m .
... 106
126
5
7.5
26
26
" 760 m m . 173*3 168 11.8 26
1017 C
11 H
24 U n d e c a n e , 50 m m . •·m 105 15 26
11
100 m m .
... 123 16
17.3
26
26
"
"
200 m m .
760 m m .
•·.
194.5
142
183 21 26
1018 C 1 2 H 2 6 D o d e c a n e , 50 m m . 115 26 26

"
11
100 m m .
200 m m .
... 132
152
26
26
26
26
11
760 m m . 216 193 31.6 26

C H N0
3 7 2 1- Nitropropane 131.18
1019 C 3 H 8 O Isopropyl alcohol 82.40 Nonazeotrope 55
1020 CaHeO Propyl alcohol 97.15 96.95 8.8 55
1021 C H p
4 1 ( Butyl alcohol 117.73 115.30 32.2 55
1022 C H p
4 1 ( sec-Butyl alcohol 99.53 99.40 4.1 55
1023 C H p
4 1 ( tert-Butyl alcohol 82.41 Nonazeotrope 55
1024 C H p
4 1 ( Isobutyl alcohol 107.89 105.28 15.2 55

= C H N0
3 7 2 2- Nitropropane 120.25
1025 C H 0
3 8 Isopropyl alcohol 82.40 82.24 4.2 55
1026 CsHeO Propyl alcohol 97.15 95.97 24.9 55
1027 C H O
4 l d Butyl alcohol 117.73 111.61 52.4 55
1028 CiHidO sec-Butyl alcohol 99.53 98.70 18.0 55
1029 C H O
4 l d tert-Butyl alcohol 82.41 Nonazeotrope 55
1030 C H p
4 1 {
Isobutyl alcohol 107.89 105.28 33.1 55

= C H O
3 e Isopropyl Alcohol 82.3
1031 C Hs0
4 2 V i n y l acetate 72.7 70.8 22.4 335
1032
1033
CAO2
C H30
4 2
p-Dioxane
E t h y l acetate 77*05
...
75.9 2. 5. ·
v-1
v-1
47
228
" 40°-60° C . v-1 228
1034 C He0
4 2 Methyl propionate *79*6 77" 28 335
1035 QEfeCl 1- C h l o r o - 2 - m e t h y l -
propane 68.9 63.8 19 335
1036 C ^ X Q O Ethyl ether 34.6 Nonazeotrope 334
1037 C H N4 n Butylamine 77.8 84.7 60 335
1038 CsH O 10 Isopropyl vinyl ether 16.5 341
1039 C Hi O
5 0 2- Pentanone 102.35 Nonazeotrope v-1 11
1040 C
6 H
6 B e n z e n e , 155 m m . 31.8 20.6 316
" 243 m m . 41.8 23.6 316
11
509 m m . 60.4 29.9 316
11
607 m m . 65.3 31.4 316
" 760 m m . 71.74 33.7 316
" 196 m m . 37.2 22.4 256
11
512 m m . 60.3 30 256
11
4920 m m . 134.7 62 256
11
10,180 m m . 166.3 79 256
11
15,380 m m . 186.1 91 256
1041 C 6H 1 0 1.3- Hexadiene 72.9 Min. b.p. 80
1042 C 6 Hio 2.4- Hexadiene 82 Min. b.p. 80
1043 C 6 Hio 3 - M e t h y l - 1 , 3 - p e n t a d i e n e 77 Min. b.p. 80
1044 C 6H O 1 0 M e s i t y l oxide 128 Nonazeotrope 334
1045 C 6H 1 2 C y c l o h e x a n e , 129 m m . 26.3 18.3 316
11
270 m m . 42.5 23.3 316
" 434 m m . 54.1 27.1 316
11
549 m m . 60.2 29.2 316
" 760 m m . 69.4 32 316
1046 C H 0 6 1 2 4- Methyl-2-pentanone 115.9 Nonazeotrope 11
1047 C HisN
6 Diisopropylamine 84.1 79.7 40 335
36 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

A - C H O
3 e Isopropyl Alcohol 82.3
(continued)
1 0 4 8 C6H15N Hexylamine 132.7 Nonazeotrope 334
1049 C H 7 8
Toluene 110.7 52 327
II 110.6 80.6 69 335
1050 CeHu Diisobutylene 102.3 77.8 54.5 335
trans -1,2 - D i m e t h y l -
1051 C H cyclohexane 123.42 81.4 79 v o l . 291
8 1 6
%
cis-1 -Ethyl - 2-methyl -
1052 CgH cyclopentane 128.05 82.2 83 v o l . 291
1 6
%
trans-1-Ethyl-2-
1053 C H methylcyclopentane 121.2 81.6 76 v o l . 291
8 1 6
%
trans-l-Ethyl-3-
1054 C H methylcyclopentane 120.8 81.4 75 v o l . 291
8 1 6
%
1,1,2-Trimethyl-
1055 C H cyclopentane 113.73 80.4 66 v o l . 291
8 1 6
%
1,1,3-Trimethyl-
1056 C H cyclopentané 104.89 78.5 53 v o l . 291
8 1 6
%
l,cis-2,trans-3-
1057 C H 8 1 6
Trimethylcyclo-
pentane 117.5 81.1 71 v o l . % 291
l,cis-2,trans-4-
1058 C H 8 1 6

Trimethylcyclo-
pentane 116.73 80.9 71 v o l . % 291
1059 C H 2,2,4-Trimethyl-
8 1 8

pentane 99.3 77.3 48.5 v-1 29

P r o p y l Alcohol 97.25
A = C HeO
3

1 - P r o p a n e t h i o l , 7 6 6 m m. 6 7 . 8 66.4 8.65 181


1060 C 3 H
8 S Ethyl acetate,
1061 C 4 H 80 2 40°-60° C. 77.05 Nonazeotrope v-1 228
1062 C 5 H 1 0 O 3-Pentanone 101.8 94.9 57 334
1063 C 5 H 1 0 O 2 P r o p y l acetate 101.6 94.7 49 v-1 264
1
200 m m . 59.96 31.4 v-1 306
" 400 m m . 77.06 39.2 v-1 306
" 600 m m . 88.04 44.8 v-1 306
" 760 m m . 94.7 48.9 v-1 306
1064 CgHgCl Chlorobenzene 132 96.5 80 334
1065 CgHg B e n z e n e , 239 m m . 45 10.5 v-1 24
" 44.7-309.7 p.s.i.g. E f f e c t of p r e s s . v-1 277
" 123 m m . 28.0 8.0 316, 344
" 289 m m . 49.8 11.6 316, 344
11
423 m m . 59.9 13.6 316, 344
" 610 m m . 70.1 15.7 316, 344
" 760 m m . 77.10 17.1 316, 344
11
342 m m . 53.7 12.3 256
" 573 m m . 68.6 15.3 256
" 2420 m m . 117.6 27.5 256
11
5020 m m . 147.5 37 256
11
10,050 m m . 183.8 50.5 256
11
18,200 m m . 218.3 66.1 256
1066 C H 6 1 2 C y c l o h e x a n e , 161 m m . 33.8 9.9 316
" 250 m m . 44.3 11.8 316
" 429 m m . 58.0 15.0 316
11
560 m m . 65.4 16.5 316
11
760 m m . 74.69 18.5 316
11
4-15 atm. E f f e c t of p r e s s . 278
1067 C H 0
6 1 2 2 -Methylpentanal Π8*3 95 86 334
1068 C H OSi
6 1 6 (Trimethylsiloxy)
p r o p a n e , 735 m m . 100.3 87.5 193
1069 C H Toluene 110.7 50.5 327
9...
7 8

II 110.6 2.6 49 334


II 110.7 92.6 51.5 v-1 202
1070 CeH 8 S t y r e n e , 50 m m .
... 38.5 84 v-1 211
211
.. . % P r O H increases
with press.
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 37

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

= C HeO 3 P r o p y l Alcohol 97.25


(continued)
1071 C
8 10 H E t h y l b e n z e n e , 50 m m . ... % P r O H increases 211
with press.
1072 C
8 10 H ρ-Xylene 138.4 ... 92 327

= C H OS 3 8 2-(Methylthio)ethanol ...
1073 2-Methylthioethyl
v i n y l e t h e r , 22 m m . ... 75 20 329

= ^ Ηβ0 3 2 2 -Methoxy ethanol 124.5


1074 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 331
1075 Q H 1 2 Cyclohexane 80.7 Nonazeotrope 334
M
... 77.5 15 v-1 331
1076 C H 7 1 4 trans-2 -Heptene 98.0 92.9 19 v o l . % 291
1077 C
7 16C>2 H 1- tert-Butoxy-2-
methoxyethane 119 45 76
1078 C H 8 8 S t y r e n e , 57 m m . 67.9 54.8 62 v o l . % 291
" 62 m m . 56.8 50.1 v-1 152
1079 Ce io H E t h y l b e n z e n e , 62 m m . ... 51.9 34.3 v-1 152
1080 C H 8 1 0 ρ-Xylene 138.35 119.3 54 v o l . % 291
1081 C 8 H i 2 ?-Vinylcyclohexene,
57 m m . .. . 44.4 30 v o l . % 291
1082 CeHiô cis-1,3-Dimethyl -
cyclohexane 120.9 105.6 36 v o l . % 291
1083 ^8^16 trans-1-Ethyl-2-
methylcyclopentane 121.2 106.3 32 v o l . % 291
1084 C
8 16 H trans-1-Ethyl-3-
methylcyclopentane 120.8 106.0 35 v o l . % 291
1085 C
8 16 H 1,1,3-Trimethyl-
cyclopentane 104.89 96.7 20 v o l . % 291
1086 ^8^16 l,cis-2,cis-3-Tri-
methylcyclopentane 123.0 107.4 35 v o l . % 291
1087 ^8^16 l,trans-2,cis-3-Tri-
methylcyclopentane 110.2 100.2 20 v o l . % 291
1088 C
8 16 H 2,4,4-Trimethyl-
1-pentene 101.44 95.5 20 v o l . % 291
1089 C H 8 1 8 2,4- Dimethylhexane 109.43 99.3 26 v o l . % 291
1090 C Hi 8 8 2,2,3-Trimethylpentane 109.84 99.7 25 v o l . % 291
1091 C H 9 1 8 1,1,3-Trimethyl-
cyclohexane 136.6 113.1 41 v o l . % 291
1092 Ç9K20 2,2,3,4 - T e t r a m e t h y l -
pentane 133.02 111.4 39 v o l . % 291
1093 C H o 9 2 2,3,4 - T r i m e t h y l h e x a n e 139.0 113.5 39 v o l . % 291
1094 2,3,5 - Τ r i m e thylhexane 131.34 110.6 40 v o l . % 291

= C H 0 3 8 2 1,2 -Propanediol 187.8


1095 C H 5 1 0 O 2 3 - V inyloxypropanol ... M i n . b.p. 94
1096 C 6 H 6 Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope 334
1097 C
6 14° H
3
Dipropylene glycol,
60
10 m m . .. . Nonazeotrope v-1
1098 C 7 H8 Toluene 110.6 110.5 1.5 335
1099 C 8 H60 Coumarone 173 Azeo. distillation 120
1100 C 8 H 1 0 0-Xylene 144.4 135.8 10 335
1101 C 8 H 0 1 8 Butyl ether 142.1 136 334, 335
1102 C 1 0H 8 Naphthalene 218.1 Azeo. distillation 120
1103 C 1 0 H 2 2 O 4 Tripropylene glycol
m e t h y l e t h e r , 50 m m . .. . Nonazeotrope 76
1104 ^12^26 Dodecane 216 175 67 60
1105 Ci H 4 3 0 Tetradecane 252.5 179 76 60
1106 C
16 H
3 4° Bis( 2-ethylhexyl)
e t h e r , 10 m m . 135 84 335

C H 0 3 8 2 1,3-Propanediol 214
1107 C
5 10°2 H 3-Vinyloxy-l-
propanol 10-15 94
38 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name l.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

CaHgS E t h y l Methyl Sulfide 66.61


1108 C H 6 1 2 Cyclohexane 80.35 Nonazeotrope 70
1109 C
6 H
12 1 -Hexene 63.50 62.71 29.4 70
1110 C
6 H
12 Methylcyclopentane 71.85 65.59 64.1 70
1111 C H 6 1 4 2,3- Dimethylbutane 58.10 57.41 18.7 70
1112 Hexane 68.75 63.94 56.6 70
C
6 14 H

1113 CTH 1 6 2,2 - D i m e t h y l p e n t a n e 79.20 66.37 88.2 70

A — C3H9BO3 T r i m e t h y l Borate 68.7


1114 C ^ g O Tetrahydrofuran 65 Nonazeotrope v - -1 115

A = C H N 3 9 Isopropy lamine 32.4


1115 C H 6 1 4 Hexane 68.7 Nonazeotrope 334

A = CjHçNO 1-Amino-2-propanol 159.9


1116 CgHgCl Chlorobenzene 131 128.30 13 259
1117 C H N0 6 1 5 2 l,l'-Iminodi-2-
p r o p a n o l , 100 m m . 185 Nonazeotrope 334
1118 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.7 110 5 259
1119 0,Η 1 6 Heptane 98.4 96.6 6 334

C 3 H 1 0 N 2 1,2 - P r opanediamine 120.9


1120 C 4 H 1 0 O Butyl alcohol 117.7 126.5 49 335
1121 C 4 H 1 0 O Isobutyl alcohol 107.9 123 65 335
1122 C 7 H 8 Toluene 110.6 105 32 334

A = C C1 F 4 3 7 2,2,3-Trichloro- 97.4
heptafluorobutane
1123 C C1 F 5 2 6 1,2 - D i c h l o r o h e x a -
fluorocyclopentene 90.6 Nonazeotrope V -1 354
1124 C H 7 1 6 Heptane 98.53 92.3 76 V -1 354
1125 CeF 1 6 0 P e r f l u o r o c y c l i c oxide 102.6 96.35 67 V -1 354

A = C 4 HF 0 7 2 Perfluorobutyric A c i d 122.0
1126 C 8 H 1 0 Ethylbenzene 136.15 115.4 80 52
1127 C 8 H 1 0 m-Xylene 139 117.5 83 52
1128 C 8 H 1 0 £-Xylene 138.4 117.6 82 52

A = C H20 4 3 M a l e i c Anhydride
1129 C H 8 1 0 m - X y l e n e , 150 m m . Nonazeotrope 334
1130 C H 0 1 6 2 2 4 Uibutyl phthalate,
50 m m . 238 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C H 4 4 Vinylacetylene
1131 C H C1 4 5 2-Chloro-l,3-
b u t a d i e n e , 740 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 151

A = C4HA Diketene
1132 C H 7 8 T o l u e n e , 60 m m . 41 10 84

A = C H S 4 4 Thiophene 83.97
70
1133 C ^ I Q S 2-Butanethiol 85.15 82.27 . ..
1134 Isopropyl methyl
70
sulfide 84.76 83.42 . .. 70
Benzene 80.10 Nonazeotrope
1136 QsHi 2 Cyclohexane 80.85 77.90 41.2 70
1137 C H 6 L 2 Methylcyclppentane 71.85 71.47 14.0 70
1138 C H 6 1 4 Hexane 68.75 68.46 11.2 70
1139 C H 7 1 4 trans -1,3 - Dimethyl -
cyclopentane 90.80 82.00 67.7 70
1140 C H 7 1 6 2,3- Dimethylpentane 89.90 80.90 64 70
1141 C H 7 1 6 2,4 - D i m e t h y l p e n t a n e 80.55 76.58 42.7 70
1142 Heptane 98.40 83.09 83.2 70
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 39

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

A = ^HgCl 2-Chloro-l,3-
butadiene
1143 C H C1 4 6 2 1,3- D i c h l oro - 2 - butene,
100 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 151
" 340 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 151
1144 C H<p
4 3-Butene-2-one,
100 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 151
" 340 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 151

A = Cfifi 2 2,3-Butanedione 90.7


1145 0 ΗβΟ
4 2- Butanone 79.6 Nonazeotrope 334

A = QHgOa V i n y l Acetate 72.7


1146 C H O 4 1 0 Butyl alcohol 117.7 Nonazeotrope 334
1147 C6H 1 2 Cyclohexane 80.7 67.4 61.3 334
1148 C7H 1 6 Heptane 98.4 72 83.5 334
1149 C H 0 8 1 8 Butyl ether 142.1 Nonazeotrope 334

A = QHgOa Acetic Anhydride 139.9


1150 C H80
5 2 Isopropenyl acetate 97.4 Nonazeotrope 334
1151 C 5 H 1 0 O 2 Isopropyl acetate 88.7 Nonazeotrope 334
1152 C6H 1 4 0 Isopropyl ether 68.3 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C H C10 4 7 2-Chloroethyl V i n y l 109.1


Ether
1153 C Hi 0 5 2 Isoamyl alcohol 131.8 109 99 335
11
50 m m . 67 39 99 335

C H Cl20
4 8 Bis(2-chloroethyl 178.65
Ether)
1154 C H 4 1 0 O 3 Diethylene glycol 245.5 174.6 92 60
1155 GiH O u 3- Heptanol 156.4 141.2 28 334
1156 C H 8 1 8 0 2 - E t h y l -1 -hexanol,
50 m m . 109 96 90 335

A = C H O 4 e 2-Butanone 79.6
1157 C ^ g C ^ Isopropyl formate 68.8 Nonazeotrope 310
1 - C h l o r o -2-methyl -
1158 C H C1 4 9
propane 68.8 Nonazeotrope 310
sec-Butyl alcohol 99.5 Nonazeotrope V -1 8
1159 C Hi O 8
374 m m .
.. . Nonazeotrope V -1
4 0 11

Nonazeotrope -1 310
8•.
0 . 1.
2-Methylfuran V
1160 C H<jO
5
Benzene 78.1 47 V -1 74
11
14.7 p . s . i . a . 78.2 45 V -1 321
" 66.7 p.s.i.a. 133.0 67.6 V -1 321
118.0 p . s . i . a .
... 160.7 90.0 V -1 321
11

" 125.0 p . s . i . a .
.. . Nonazeotrope
Nonazeotrope
V -1
-1
321
33
1162
1163
CgHgO
C HaO
6
Phenol, 200-760 m m .
2,5- Dimethylf ur an ..3 ..3
9 Nonazeotrope
V
334
1164 C H 6 1 2 Cyclohexane,
14.7 p . s . i . a . 71.0 52.5 321
" 66.7 p . s . i . a . 128.7 61.0 321
11
118.0 p . s . i . a . 156.4 64.0 321
" 125.0 p . s . i . a . 182.5 69.0 321
80.85 71.6 45.5 186
80.85 71.5 44 73
80.85 42 256
1 1 6 5 QH14 2,3 - D i m e t h y l b u t a n e 58 15.1 256
1166 C6Hi 4 Hexane 68.95 29.6 256
1167 C Hi 7 4 Methyl cyclohexane 101.15 80 256
1168 C Hi
1169 q , H
7

1 8
6 Heptane
2,5- Dimethylhexane
98.4
109.4 ... 73
95
256
256

A = C HeO
4 Butyraldehyde 74.8
1170 C H 0 4 8 Isobutyraldehyde 69.5 Nonazeotrope 96
1171 C H 0 4 8 2 Butyric acid 163.3 Nonazeotrope 334
40 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

A C H O
4 e Butyraldehyde 74.8
(continued)
1172 C H 4 1 0 Q Isobutyl alcohol 107.9 Nonazeotrope 334
1173 C H O
4 1 0 2
1,1 - D i m e t h o x y e t h a n e 64.5 Nonazeotrope 334
1174 C H O
6 1 0 M e s i t y l oxide 128.3 Nonazeotrope 334
1175 CeHi 4 Hexane 68.7 60 26 334
1176 C H 0
6 1 4 2 1,1 - D i m e t h o x y b u t a n e 114 Nonazeotrope 334

A = CUHeQi Butyric A c i d 162.45


1177 C 5 H 5 N Pyridine 115.5 163.2 92 370
1178 QH 1 3 NO Ν ,N -Dimethylbutyr -
a m i d e , 100 m m . 124.5 130 32.6 295
1179 CllH 2 4 Undecane 194.5 162.4 84.5 370

A = C H 0
4 8 2 p-Dioxane 101.3
1180 C H O
4 1 0 Butyl alcohol 117.75 Nonazeotrope v - -1 215
1181 Q H O 1 0 Isobutyl alcohol 108 101.3 208
1182 Q H 6
Benzene, 200-760 m m . .. . Nonazeotrope v - -1 124
1183 C H 0
6 1 4 Isopropyl ether 68.3 Nonazeotrope 334
1184 C 7 H 8 Toluene, 200-760 m m . ... Nonazeotrope V- -1 124

A = C Hg0
4 2 E t h y l Acetate 77.05
1185 Q H 1 0 O Isobutyl alcohol,
100-760 m m . ... ... ... V -1 316
1186 Q H 1 0 O 2 2 -Ethoxyethanol 135.1 Nonazeotrope V -1 220
1187 C H40
5 2 2-Furaldehyde 161.45 Nonazeotrope 350
1188 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope V -1 43,
44
1189 CÔHI 2 Cyclohexane 80.75 71.6 56 V -1 43,
44
11
233 m m . 38.7 50.1 316
" 301 m m . ... 45.1 51 316
" 415 m m . ... 53.6 52.3 316
" 581 m m . ... 63.0 54.1 316
" 756 m m . ... 71.1 55.3 316
1190 C Hi20
6 2 Butyl acetate 126.1 Nonazeotrope 334
1191 C H 0
6 1 4 2 2-Butoxyethanol 171.1 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C He0
4 2 Isobutyric A c i d 154.7
1192 C5Hg0 3 Methyl acetoacetate 171.7 Nonazeotrope 334
1193 C
8 H
1 0 Ethylbenzene 136.15 133.0 8.8 84
11
30 m m . 48.0 0.8 84
1194 C
8 10 H Mixed xylenes .. . 133.0 10.0 84
" 56 m m . 62 1.0 84

A C4H 0 8 2 Propyl Formate 80.9


1195 C
6 14 H Hexane 68.95 63.6 29.5 324

A C^gS Tetrahydrothiophene 120.79


1196 C6H14S Isopropyl sulfide 119.25 118.40 70
1197 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.85 Nonazeotrope 70
1198 C
8 16 H trans -1,3 -Dimethyl -
cyclohexane 120.30 115.90 43.1 70
1199 C
8 16 H Ethylcyclohexane 131.85 120.46 80.7 70
1200 CgHig 2,5 - D i m e t h y l h e x a n e 109.15 107.95 16.8 70
1201 C Hig
8 2 - Methylheptane 117.70 113.96 38.2 70
1202 C
8 18 H Octane 125.70 117.79 60.3 70

A = C ^ C l 1-Chlorobutane 77.9
1203 C H O 4 1 0 Butyl alcohol 117.75 Nonazeotrope V -1 335

A = C H9Cl Sn
4 3 Butyltin T r i c h l o r i d e 113/17
1204 CgH Cl Sn 1 8 2 Dibutyltin dichloride,
17 m m . 157 Nonazeotrope 334
1205 Ci H 2 2 7 ClSn Tributyltin chloride,
17 m m . 166 Nonazeotrope 334
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 41

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

= C4H9NO Morpholine 128.3


1206 C H 8 1 8 0 Butyl ether 142.1 126.7 73 334
1207 C H 9 l g O 2,6 - D i m e t h y l - 4 -
heptanone 169.4 128 98 334

= C4H9N03 2-Methyl-2-nitro-
1-Propanol
1208 Q H U N 0 3 2-Methyl-2-nitro-
propyl vinyl ether,
10 m m . ... 71-81 8.6 341

= C H p 4 1 ( B u t y l Alcohol 117.75
1209 sec-Butyl alcohol 99.5 Nonazeotrope 334
C A P
1210 C H p
4 1 ( Isobutyl alcohol,
to c r i t . r e g i o n 107 Nonazeotrope v-1 75,
334
11
750 m m . .. . Nonazeotrope v-1 335
1211 C A P Ethyl ether y

to c r i t . r e g i o n 34.5 Nonazeotrope v-1 75


1212 1 - B u t a n e t h i o l , 7 7 0 m m . 98 97.8 14.84 181
1213 C H!iN
4 Butylamine 77.1 Nonazeotrope 334
1214 C 5 H 5 N Pyridine 115.5 118.6 69 v-1 141
1215 C H80
5 2 Methyl methacrylate 99.8 Nonazeotrope 147
1216 Benzene, 45° Nonazeotrope v-1 24
1! 8u!l Nonazeotrope v-1 344,
362
1217 - C 6 H i 2 Cyclohexane 80.8 79.8 9.5 147, 335
1218 C 6 H 1 2 O Butyl vinyl ether 94.2 93.3 7.8 335
1219 C 6 H 1 2 O Hexaldehyde 128.3 116.8 77.1 335
1220 C H 6 1 2 0 2 B u t y l a c e t a t e , 50 m m . .. . 27.3 117
11 126.2 117.6 67.2 117, 335
1221 C 6 H 1 4 Hexane 68.95 68.2 3.2 174, 335
1222 C H 6 1 4 0 2 2-Butoxyethanol 171.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 335
1223 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.7 105.5 27.5 v-1 377
" 200 m m . .. . 66.8 17.7 v-1 124
" 400 m m . ... 85.45 22.9 v-1 124
11
600 m m . ... 97.7 26.5 v-1 124
11
760 m m . ... 105.3 29.7 v-1 124
1224 C
7 12°2 H B u t y l a c r y l a t e , 100 m m . 6 9 . 7 7 69 75 334
11
20 m m . ... 39 87.7 76
" 150 m m . ... 77 92.2 76
II
147 117 98.2 76
1225 C
7 16 H Heptane 98.4 93.85 18 174, 175
II 141
98.4 -94 -16 v-1
1226 C H 7 1 8 SiO (Trimethylsiloxy)
butane .. . Azeotropic 193
1227 C H 8 1 0 E t h y l b e n z e n e , 50 m m . ... 36.3 v-1 92
" 100 m m . ... 63.65 42.1 v-1 92
11
300 m m . ... 51.0 v-1 92
11
500 m m . ... 59.7 v-1 92
" 760 m m . 136.15 115.85 65.1 v-1 92
1228 C H 8 1 8 Octane 125.75 108.45 43.2 174, 175
1229 C H 0 8 1 8 Butyl ether 142.1 117.6 82.5 335
1230 Q ^ N Dibutylamine 159.6 Nonazeotrope 334
1231 C9HJJ0 Nonane 150.7 115.9 71.5 174, 175

A = C H O 4 1 0 s e c - B u t y l Alcohol 99.5
1232 C H 0 6 1 2 2 Butyl acetate 126.1 Nonazeotrope 334
1233 Q>Hi 0 2 2 s e c - B u t y l acetate 112.2 Nonazeotrope 334
1234 C H 7 1 4 Methylcyclohexane 101.5 89.7 38.2 352
1235 C H 7 1 6 Heptane 98.4 88.1 36.7 352
1236 C Hj 8 4 Diisobutylene 102.3 91 35 37
1237 C H 8 1 8 Iso-octane 99.3 88.0 33.8 352
42 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name $.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

C4H10O Isobutyl Alcohol 107


1238 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 78.36 12 Ill
" 111 m m . 28.4 2.7 316
" 240 m m . 45.0 4.2 316
" 525 m m . 67.4 6.4 316
" 760 m m . 80*1 79.3 7.4 316
" 206 m m . 43.0 4.2 256
11
394 m m . 59.5 6.0 256
" 759 m m . 80*1 79.4 7.9 256
" 5420 m m . 159.9 21.0 256
" 12,930 m m . 207.5 33 256

C H O
4 1 0 Ethyl Ether 34.5
1239 C H 8 1 8 0 Butyl ether, 600 m m . 142.4 Ideal system v-1 257

C4H10O2 1,2-Dimethoxy ethane 85.2


1240 C H O 6 u Isopropyl ether 68.3 Nonazeotrope 334

C Hio0
4 2 1,4-Butanediol 230
1241 C
6 12°2 H 4 -Vinyloxybutanol Min. b.p. 94

C
4 10°2 H 2 -Ethoxy ethanol 134.0
1242 C 5 H 8 O 2 Methyl methacrylate 99.8 Nonazeotrope 147
1243 P r o p y l acetate 101.6 Nonazeotrope v-1 220
C5H10O2
1244 C 6 H 1 2 O 2 B u t y l acetate 126.2 125.7 13 v-1 221
1245 C H 6 1 4 N2 2,5-Dimethylpiperazine 164 Nonazeotrope 334
1246 C 6 H 1 4 O 3 2 - (2 - E t h o x y e t h o x y )
ethanol 202.8 Nonazeotrope 334
1247 C H 8 8 S t y r e n e , 50 m m . ... 59.8 42.5 v-1 110
1248 C H 8 1 0
E t h y l b e n z e n e , 50 m m . 53.9 27.6 v-1 110
" 57 m m . 60*62 50.0 42 v o l . % 291
" 735 m m . 134.9 126.2 43.3 v-1 167
it 45 v-1 227
136.15 128
1249 C H 8 1 0 m - X y l e n e , 735 m m . 137.9 127.7 48.9 v-1 167
1250 Q i o H
0-Xylene, 735 m m . 143.1 129.6 57.2 v-1 167
1251 C H 8 1 0 ρ - X y l e n e , 735 m m . 137.4 127.3 47.9 v-1 167
1252 C
e 16 H trans -1,2- Dimethyl -
cyclohexane 123.42 115.6 27 vol. % 291
1253 C
8 16 H Ethylcyclohexane 131.78 120.2 33 vol. % 291
1254 C H 8 1 6 cis-2-Octene 125.6 117.9 28 vol. % 291
1255 C
8 18 H 2,5 - D i m e t h y l h e x a n e 109.10 105.1 16 vol. % 291
1256 C
8 18 H 3,3-Dimethylhexane 111.97 107.1 17 vol. % 291
1257 C
8 18 H 3-Ethyl-3-methyl-
pentane 118.26 111.7 23 v o l . % 291
1258 ^8^18 Octane 125.75 122.5 33.6 v-1 227
1259 C9H12 o-Ethyltoluene 165.15 135.0 91 v o l . % 291
1260 M e s i t y l e n e , 735 m m . 163.4 133.7 85.7 v-1 167
C
9 12 H

1261 Cç)H 18 Butylcyclopentane 156.56 130.2 61 v o l . % 291


1262 C9Hi 8 Isobutylcyclopentane 147.6 127.4 49 v o l . % 291
1263 C 9 H 1 8 Isopropylcyclohexane 154.5 129.6 56 v o l . % 291
1264 1 -Nonene 146.87 128.1 48 v o l . % 291
1265 C 9 H 1 8 Propylcyclohexane 156.72 130.2 59 v o l . % 291
1266 C 9 H 2 0 3,3 - D i e t h y l p e n t a n e 146.17 126.4 45 v o l . % 291
1267 C 9 H 2 0 η-Nonane 150.8 128.0 50 v o l . % 291
1268 C 9 H 2 0 Ί, 2 , 3 , 3 - T e t r a m e t h y l -
pentane 140.27 124.1 40 v o l . % 291
1269 C 9 H 2 0 2,2,4,4 - T e t r a m e t h y l -
pentane 122.28 114.3 26 v o l . % 291
1270 C 9 H 2 o 2,3,3,4-Tetramethyl-
pentane 141.55 124.6 41 vol. % 291
1271 2,2,3-Trimethylhexane 133.60 120.8 34 vol. % 291
C9H20 291
1272 C 9 H 2 0 2,2,4 - Τ r i m e t h y l h e x a n e 126.54 116.8 26 vol. %
1273 2,3,3 - T r i m e t h y l h e x a n e 137.68 122.8 41 vol. % 291
C9H20
1274 C9H20 2,3,5 - T r i m e t h y l h e x a n e 131.34 119.5 32 vol. % 291
1275 130.65 119.1 34 vol. % 291
C9H20 2,4,4 - Τ r i m e thylhe xane
1276 3,3,4 - Τ r i m e t h y l h e x a n e 140.46 124.0 40 vol. % 291
C
9 20 H
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 43

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

= C4H10O2 2-Ethoxyethanol 134.0


(continued)
1277 C
10 20 H
tert-Butylcyclohexane 171.5 133.3 73 v o l . % 291

= C4H10O3 Diethylene Glycol 245.5


1278 C H 5 1 2 0 3 2 -(2 - M e t h o x y e t h o x y )
ethanol 193.6 Nonazeotrope 334
1279 G H 6 6
Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope 334
1280 C
6 12°3 H 2 -(2 - V i n y l oxyethoxy)
ethanol .. . Min. b.p. 94
1281 C HiP
6 3
2 - (2 - E thoxye thoxy)
ethanol 202.8 Nonazeotrope 334
1282 C H 6 1 4 0 4 Triethylene glycol,
3 m m . .. . Nonazeotrope v-1 60
1283 C H N
8 7 Indole 253 Azeo. distillation 120
1284 C8H 10
Ethylbenzene 136.15 Azeo. distillation 120
1285 CeHio £-Xylene 138.2 Azeo. distillation 120
1286 C8Hi 0 8 3 2 - (2 - B u t o x y e t h o x y )
e t h a n o l , 10 m m . 109 Nonazeotrope 334
1287 C
8 18°4 H 2 - [2 - (2 - E t h o x y e thoxy)
ethoxy]ethanol, 2 m m . 98 87 43 335
" 3m m . .. . 135 83.4 60
1288 CioHe Naphthalene 218.1 Azeo. distillation 120
1289 C H OS
n 1 4 2 -(Benzylmércapto)
ethyl vinyl ether .. . M i n . b.p. 329
1290 C 1 2 H9N C a r b a z o l e , >10 m m . 294 Nonazeotrope 100
1291 C12H10 Biphenyl 355.9 Azeo. distillation 120
1292 C
12So° Phenyl ether, 4 m m . 100 23 335
1293 C H p S
1 2 2 2-(2-Ethylhexylthio)
ethyl vinyl ether M i n . b.p. 329
1294 C H 1 2 2 p H e x y l e t h e r , 50 m m . 137* 129.9 15.5 335
1295 Gi H 3 1 0 Fluorene, 10-760 m m . 294 Min. b.p. 100
1296 C14H10 P h e n a n t h r e n e , 20 m m . 146 93 100
" 100 m m . ... 180 96.2 100
" 200 m m . ... 203 98.5 100
11
300 m m . ... 217 99.5 100
" 400 m m . 226 99.9 100
1297 C 1 4 H 1 4 0 Benzyl ether, 5 m m . 40 335
1298 C1A4O Bis(2 -ethylhexyl) ether,
10 m m . 135 114 335

C4H10S 2-Butanethiol 85.15


1299 C4H10S Isopropyl methyl
sulfide 84.76 Nonazeotrope 70

C H 4 1 0 S Ethyl Sulfide 92.07


1300 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.10 Nonazeotrope 70
1301 C
6 12 H Cyclohexane 80.85 Nonazeotrope 70
1302 C H 7 1 4 trans -1,3 -Dimethyl -
cyclopentane 90.80 88.89 41.0 70
1303 C H 7 1 4 1,1 - D i m e t h y l c y c l o -
pentane 87.90 86.98 26.1 70
1304 C
7 14 H M e t h y l c y c l ohe x a n e 101.05 92.10 94.5 70
1305 C Hi 7 6 3-Methylhexane 91.60 89.19 48.3 70
1306 C Hi 7 6 2,3- Dimethylpentane 89.90 87.93 38.6 70
1307 C
7 16 H 2,4- Dimethylpentane 80.55 80.53 2.26 70
1308 C
8 18 H 2,2,4 - T r i m e t h y l p e n t a n e 99.30 91.44 77.0 70

C4H10S Isopropyl Methyl Sulfide 84.76


1309 C H 6 i 2 Cyclohexane 80.85 79.76 30 70
1310 C
6 12 H Methylcyclopentane 71.85 Nonazeotrope 70
1311 C H 7 1 4 trans -1,3 - Dimethyl -
cyclopentane 90.80 84.38 80.4 70
1312 C H 7 1 4 1,1- D i m e t h y l c y c l o -
pentane 87.90 83.62 64.9 70
1313 C
7 16 H 3 - Methylhexane 91.60 84.38 82.4 70
44 ADVANCES IN C H E M I S T R Y SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No, . Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

= C4H10S Isopropyl Methyl Sulfide 84.76


(continued)
1314 C H 7 1 6 2,3- Dimethylpentane 89.90 83.83 72.8 70
1315 C H 7 1 6 2,4- Dimethylpentane 80.55 79.39 29.7 70
1316 C H 7 1 6 2,2 - D i m e t h y l p e n t a n e 79.20 78.40 23.3 70

= C4H10S Methyl P r o p y l Sulfide 95.47


1317 C H 7 1 4 Ε t h y l c y c l ope ntane 103.45 95.41 90.7 70
1318 C H 7 1 4 Methylcyclohexane 101.05 95.06 78.0 70
1319 C H 7 1 4 trans -1,3 - Dimethyl -
cyclopentane 90.80 90.11 24.3 70
1320 C H 7 1 4 1,1- D i m e t h y l c y c l o -
pentane 87.90 87.66 9.7 70
1321 C H 7 1 6 3-Methylhexane 91.60 90.53 32.95 70
1322 2,3- Dimethylpentane 89.90 89.10 22.75 70
1323 ^8 18 Η 2,2-Dimethylhexane 106.85 95.42 94.4 70
1324 2,2,4 - T r i m e t h y l p e n t a n e 99.30 94.00 62.2 70

= C H 4 1 0 S 2 Ethyl Disulfide 154.11


1325 C9H20 Nonane 150.65 148.62 41.2 70
1326 C10H22 3-Ethyl-3-methyl-
heptane 163.00 153.02 80.2 70

= C4H11N Diethylamine 55.5


1327 C H 6 u O Isopropyl ether 68.3 Nonazeotrope 334
1328 C H 6 1 5 NO 2 -(Diethylamino)
ethanol 162.1 Nonazeotrope 334

= C H N0 4 n 2 2,2 -Iminodiethanol
1
126/2 m m .
1329 C H 6 1 5 N0 3 2,2',2"-Nitrilotri-
ethanol, 2 mm„ 195 Nonazeotrope 334

1,2 - D i c h l o r ohexa- 90.6


fluorocyclopentene
Γ330 CjF 1 6 0 P e r f l u o r o c y c l i c oxide 102.6 90.4 80 v- -1 354

= C5F10 Perfluorocyclopentane ...


1331 C
5 12 F Perfluoropentane,
Nonazeotrope v- -1 237
1332 C F 6 1 4
9.6°-25° C .
Perfluorohexane, .. .
15°-25° C . Nonazeotrope V ' -1 237

_ C H4F 0 5 8
2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5-
Octaf l u o r o - 1 -pentanol
1333 CgHiP Active amyl alcohol 128.5 Nonazeotrope 330
1334 C H 0
5 1 2 Isoamyl alcohol 132.0 Nonazeotrope 330

= C H40 5 2 2 - F u r aldehyde 161.45


1335 C H 0
5 6 2 Furfuryl alcohol,
25 m m . Nonazeotrope ν· -1 348
1336 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope ν· -1 52,
331
1337 C
6 12 H Cyclohexane 80.75 Nonazeotrope V" -1 52,
331
1338 C H 7 1 4 Methylcyclohexane 101.05 100.8 4.1 v - -1 114
1339 C
7 16 H Heptane 98.40 98.3 5.3 v - -1 114

= C5H5N Pyridine 115.5


1340 C H 5 n N Piperidine 106 105.8 3.4 147
1341 C H 5 1 2 0 3-Pentanol 115.6 117.4 45 334
1342 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.8 110.1 22.2 ν­ -1 141,
ότι
1343 C
7 16 H
Heptane 98.40 95.60 25.3 355, 373
II
98.40 95 13.3 ν --1 141
1344 C
8 10 H Ethylbenzene 136.15 Nonazeotrope 363
1345 C
8 10 H o-Xylene 143.6 Nonazeotrope 372
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 45

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. , Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

A — C H N
5 5 Pyridine (continued) 115.5
1346 C H 8 1 8 Octane 125.75 109.5 56.1 355
1347 C9H20 Nonane 150.7 115.1 89.9 355
1348 C10H3N2 2,2'-Dipyridyl 274 Nonazeotrope 147
1349 C 1 0 H 2 2
Decane 173.3 Nonazeotrope 355

A = C H S
5 6 2 -Methy lthiophene 111.92
1350 ^7 16 Η Heptane 98.40 97.77 2.2 70
1351 C H 8 1 8 2 - Methylheptane 117.70 109.97 67.8 70
1352 C
8 18 H 2,5-Dimethylhexane 109.15 106.12 39.6 70
1353 CePie 2,2- Dimethylhexane 106.85 104.62 33.2 70

A = CsHeS 3 -Methy lthiophene 114.96


1354 C H 7 1 4 Ethylcyclopentane 103.45 102.82 3.9 70
1355 C
7 16 H Heptane 98.40 Nonazeotrope 70
1356 C
8 16 H trans -1,3 - Dimethyl -
cyclohexane 120.3 113.17 66 70
1357 1,1,2 - T r i m e t h y l c y c l o -
pentane 113.75 110.47 43.2 70
1358 C H 8 1 8 Octane 125.70 114.15 82 70
1359 C H 8 1 8 2 - Methylheptane 117.70 111.86 58.8 70
1360 Q H 1 8 2,5- Dimethylhexane 109.15 107.12 31.7 70

A = Isoprene 34.3
1361 C H 5 1 0 3 - M e t h y l - 1 -butene 21.2 Nonazeotrope 248
1362 C H 5 1 0 2 - M e t h y l -1 -butene 32 Nonazeotrope 248
1363 C5H10 2-Methyl-2-butene 37.7 Nonazeotrope 248
1364 C H 5 1 2 2 -Methylbutane 27.6 Nonazeotrope 248
1365 C5H12 P e n t a n e , 758 m m . 36 33.6 72.5 v - -1 248

A = CsH Cl 8 4 Tetrachloropentane ...


1366 C7Hi2Cl 4 Tetrachloroheptane,
12-150 m m . Nonazeotrope v - -1 250

A C H 0 5 8 Cyclopentanone 129.5
1367 CsHiaO Active amyl alcohol 128.5 Nonazeotrope 330
1368 C H 0 5 1 2 Isoamyl alcohol 131.85 127.8 60 v - -1 87,
88
II
131.85 129.4 314
II 2
131.85 Nonazeotrope
1369 C Hi 0 5 2 2 - M e t h y l -1- butanol 128.9 127 87, 88
It 314
128.9 124.6

A C5H4O2 Ethyl Acrylate 99.3


1370 QH u O Isopropyl ether 68.3 Nonazeotrope 334

A = CsH 0 8 2
Methyl Methacrylate 61.8/200 m m .
1371 C
8 14°2 H Butyl methacrylate,
200 m m . 117.7 Nonazeotrope 147
1372 C H 8 1 4 0 3 2-Ethoxyethyl
m e t h a c r y l a t e , 200 m m . 134.3 Nonazeotrope 147

A C5H8O2 2,4- Pentanedione 140.2


1373 C5H8O2 Isopropenyl acetate 96.5 Nonazeotrope 147

A = C5H10 Cyclopentane 49.4


1374 Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope V -1 230
1375 C6H 1 4 2,2 - D i m e t h y l b u t a n e 49.7 49.1 82.3 214

A = C5H10 3 - M e t h y l - 1 -butene 22.5


1376 C5H12 2-Methylbutane 27.6 Nonazeotrope 248

A = C5H10 2 -Methy 1- 2 -butene 37.7


1377 C5H12 Pentane 36.15 Nonazeotrope 248
46 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

A = C H O 5 1 0 3-Methyl-2-butanone 95.4
1378 Q5H12 Cyclohexane 80.75 . . . 14.8 256
1379 C Hi7 6 Heptane 98.4 . . . 48 256

A= C HidO 5 2-Pentanone 102.35


1380 C Hi2
6 Cyclohexane 80.75 . . . 5.0 256

A= C H O 5 1 0 3-Pentanone 102
1381 C7H 1 4 Methylcyclohexane 101.15 ... 40 256
1382 C Hi7 6 Heptane 98.4 ... 35 256
1383 CeHi6 1,3-Dimethylcyclo-
hexane 120.7 ... 83 256
1384 C H 8 1 8 2,5-Dimethylhexane 109.4 ... 60 256

A = C5Hio0 2 Isopropyl Acetate 88.7


1385 CÔHSO 2,5-Dimethylfuran 93.3 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C HioQ2
5 Valeric Acid 186.35
1386 C7H 1 5 NO N,N-Dimethylvaler-
a m i d e , 100 m m . 141 145.8 30.8 295

A= C H 5 1 2 Pentane 36.15
1387 Q H 6 Benzene 80.2 Nonazeotrope v-1 52,
229
1388 C6H12 Cyclohexane 80.75 Nonazeotrope v - 1 231
1389 C6Hi 2 Methylcyclopèntane 72.0 Nonazeotrope v - 1 52,
231
1390 O7F16 Perfluoroheptane,
crit. region 82.5 Azeotrope v-1 155
1391 C H 7 1 4 Methylcyclohexane 101.15 Nonazeotrope v-1 52,
231

A= C H 0 5 1 2 A m y l Alcohol 137.8
1392 Q H O Benzene 80.2 Nonazeotrope v - 1 344
1393 C H O
6 l ô Methylcyclopentanone 138 M i n . b.p. 87, 88, 314
1394 C H N
6 1 4 2 2,5-Dimethylpiperazine 164 Nonazeotrope 334
1395 QHie C paraffins
8 120-130 M i n . b.p. 314
1396 CeH 1 8 Octane 125.75 121.8 . . . 314
1397 C H2 02 n 4 Diamyloxymethane . . . Nonazeotrope 334

A= C5H12O Active A m y l Alcohol 128.5


1398 C H 0
5 1 2 Isoamyl alcohol 131 Nonazeotrope v - 1 246
1399 C H C1
6 5 Chlorobenzene 132 124.4 43 330
1400 C H FO
6 5 o-Fluorophenol .. . Nonazeotrope 330
1401 05Η Ν 7 2-Picoline 129 132.8 49 330
1402 QHioO M e sityl oxide 129.5 Nonazeotrope 330
1403 C7H F 7 o-Fluorotoluene 114 112.0 16 330
1404 Q H 8 Toluene 111 109.9 12 330
1405 QH9N 2,6-Lutidine 144 Nonazeotrope 330
1406 Q H 1 4 0 2,4-Dimethyl-
3-pentanone 125 124.1 21 330
1407 C 7 Hi5N 1,2-Dimethylpiperidine 128 130.3 ... 330
1408 C 7 H N 1 5 2,6-Dimethylpiperidine 128 130.7 54 330
1409 C 8 H 1 0 Ethylbenzene 136 125.0 53 330
1410 q j H ^ n-Octane 126.0 117.0 34 330
1411 C9H20 2,2,5-Trimethylhexane 124 115.5 29 330

A= C5H12O Isoamyl Alcohol 131


1412 C5H 1 2 S 3-Methyl-1-butanethiol 116 115.6 22.89 181
1413 QH5CI Chlorobenzene 132 123.9 38 330
1414 QH5FO o-Fluorophenol ... Nonazeotrope 330
1415 Q H N 7 1-Picoline 129 132.8 61 330
1416 Q H p 1 ( M e sityl oxide 129.5 Nonazeotrope 330
1417 C H 7 n C hydrocarbons
7 95-120 M i n . b.p. 314
1418 C H F
7 7 o-Fluorotoluene 114 112.1 14 330
1419 C H 7 8 Toluene 111 109.7 10 330, 371
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 47

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

C H 5 1 2 0 Isoamyl Alcohol 131


(continued)
1420 G7H9N 2 , 6 - L u t i d i n e , 70 m m . Max. b.p. 330
It 144* Nonazeotrope 330
1421 C H 7 1 4 0 2,4-Dimethyl-
3-pentanone 125 124.5 8 330
1422 C7H15N 1,2-Dimethyl-
piperidine 128 132.5 81 330
1423 C7H15N 2,6-Dimethyl-
piperidine 128 132.6 76 330
1424 ^ 10Η Ethylbenzene 136 125.7 49 330
1425 C
8 18 H η-Octane 126 117.0 30 330
1426 C9H20 ^, 2,5- Τ r i m e thylhe xane 124 116.0 26 330

C5H12O 2-Methyl-1-Butanol 128.9


1427 C H„7 C 7hydrocarbons 95-120 M i n . b.p. 314
1428 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.7 M i n . b.p. 314

C H 5 1 2 0 2 - M e t h y l - 2 -butanol 101.7
1429 C6H 6 Benzene 80.2 80.0 15 52
11
715 m m . ... 4.95 v-1 272
1430 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.7 lÔÔ'.ô 56 52
11
715 m m . 32.5 v-1 272

C5H12O3 2 - (2-Methoxy ethoxy ) 192.95


ethanol
1431 C8H5CI2 ar-Dichlorostyrene,
15 m m . ... 86-90 . .. 49
" 29 m m . ... 100-101 49
1432 C9 12 H £-Ethyltoluene 161.99 161.4 9 vol. % 291
1433 C Hi9 2 m - E thyltoluene 161.31 160.9 13 v o l . % 291
1434 C9H12 o-Ethyltoluene 165.15 164.3 16 v o l . % 291
1435 C H 9 1 2 1,2,3-Trimethyl-
benzene 176.08 173.4 26 v o l . % 291
1436 C
9 12 H 1,2,4-Trimethyl-
benzene 169.35 167.9 21 vol. % 291
1437 C
9Hl2 Mesitylene 164.72 163.8 12 vol. % 291
1438 CIOHH Butylbenzene 183.27 177.9 32 vol. % 291
1439 CIOH 1 4 sec-Butylbenzene 173.30 170.7 16 vol. % 291
1440 C 1 0 H 1 4 tert-Butylbenzene 169.11 167.6 13 vol. % 291
1441 C 1 0 H 1 4 Isobutylbenzene 172.76 170.3 24 vol. % 291
1442 C 1 0 H 1 4 m -Diethylbenzene 181.13 176.3 29 vol. % 291
1443 C 1 0 H 1 4 £-Diethylbenzene 183.78 177.9 31 vol. % 291
1444 C
10 14 H 5-Ethyl-m-xylene 183.75 177.9 30 vol. % 291
1445 C
10 14 H £-Cymene 177.10 173.3 22 vol. % 291
1446 C
10 14 H 1,2,3,5 - T e t r a m e t h y l -
benzene 197.93 185.9 48 vol. % 291
1447 C
11 10 H 2 -Methylnaphthalene 241.1 Nonazeotrope 98
1448 Ql 16 H t e r t - A m y l benzene 198.1 182.8 40 vol. % 291
1449 C H n 2 2 tert-Amylcyclohexane 198.1 180.6 40 vol. % 291
1450 C11H24 n-Undecane 195.88 178.7 40 vol. % 291
1451 C 1 2 H 6 2 n - D o d e c a n e , 217 m m . 169.79 144.2 52 vol. % 291
1452 C
12 26 H 2,2,4,4,6-Pentamethyl-
heptane 185.6 173.6 30 v o l . % 291
1453 Q2 26 H 2,2,4,6,6- Pentamethyl -
heptane 177.9 168.9 23 v o l . % 291
1454 C
13 26 H 1-Tridecene 232.78 191.6 70 v o l . % 291

C F 6 1 2 0 Perfluorocyclic Ether ...


1455 C F 6 1 4
Perfluorohexane, 25° Nonazeotrope v-1 237

C Fi4
6 Perfluorohexane
1456 Q H 1 4 Hexane, 325 m m . ... 25 83.4 v-1 79
" 479 m m . ... 35 83.7 v-1 79
11
689 m m . .. . 45 80.0 v-1 79
48 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

A
= C F 6 1 4
Perfluorohexane
(continued)
1457 C 1 2 F 2 7 N Tris(perfluorobutyl)
amine, 25° Nonazeotrope v-1 237

A = C H C1
6 3 3 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
1458 C ç H ^ O j 2,4-Tolylene
diisocyanate, 40 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 119

A = C6H4CI2 o-Dichlorobenzene 67.0/15


1 4 5 9 C9H6O2N2 2,4-Tolylene
d i i s o c y a n a t e , 15 m m . 128.7 Nonazeotrope 147
1 4 6 0 C15H10O2N2 Di-p -isocyanatodi -
phenylmethane,
5 m m . 192.0 Nonazeotrope 147

A = C H Br 6 5 Bromobenzene 156.1
1461 C H 0 6 1 2 Cyclone xanol,
250 m m . 127.0 113.6 85.5 V" -1 318
" 500 m m . 144.4 136.8 81.5 v - -1 318
11
730 m m . 158.6 150.6 74.8 v - -1 318

A = C H C1
6 5 Chlorobenzene 131.8
1462 C H 6 1 4 n-Hexane 68.95 Nonazeotrope 52
1463 CçH^O* ^",4-Tolylene d i i s o ­
cyanate, 40 m m .
... Nonazeotrope V -1 119

A = C H F 6 5 Fluorobenzene 84.9
1464 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 Ideal system V -1 12

A = C H N0 6 5 2 Nitrobenzene 210.85
1465 C H 6 1 2 Cyclohexane 80.75 Nonazeotrope 52

Benzene 80.1
1466 C
6 12 H Cyclohexane 80.75 77.6 51.2 v-1 44,
191, 3 4 3
II
80.75 77.4 52.5 74, 111
II
128 m m . ... 28.4 47.6 316
II
155 m m . ... 33.1 48.0 316
II
287 m m . ... 48.3 49.3 316
II
307 m m . ... 50.4 49.4 316
II
495 m m . ... 63.7 50.8 316
It
602 m m . 69.8 51.3 316
II
760 m m . ... 77.56 51.9 316
M 14.7 p . s . i . a . 77.4 50.2 v-1 321
It
66.7 p . s . i . a . 137.1 61.5 v-1 321
II
118.0 p . s . i . a . 165.8 67.0 v-1 321
" 186.8 p . s . i . a . ... 193.0 71.5 v-1 321
It
66.7 p . s . i . a . ... 59.7 v-1 276
It
116.5 p . s . i . a . ... 64.9 v-1 2 76
II
165.9 p . s . i . a . .. . ... 67.6 v-1 276
II
217.0 p . s . i . a . ... ... 71 v-1 276
II
268.7 p . s . i . a . ... .. . 74 v-1 276
1467 C
6 12 H Methylcyclopentane 71.85 71.7 16 v-1 230
1468 0$Η Ο 1 2
4 - M e t h y l - 2- pentanone,
450-760 m m . .. . Nonazeotrope v-1 66
1469 CÔH 1 4 Hexane 68.95 Nonazeotrope v-1 229
It
4-18 a t m . .. . Nonazeotrope v-1 276
1470 C Fi 7 4 Perfluor ometh^lcyclo -
hexane · 73-78 59 51
1471 C F 7 1 6 Perfluoroheptane 83 61 51
1472 Methylcyclohexane 101.05 Nonazeotrope v-1 230
1473 C Hi6 7 2,3-Dimethylpentane 89.79 79.4 78.8 v-1 190
1474 C H 7 1 6 2,4- Dimethylpentane 81 >75 48.4 51
1475 C H 7 1 6 Heptane, 180-450 m m .
It
.. . Nonazeotrope v-1 240
98.4 Nonazeotrope v-1 229
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 49

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

C H 6 6
Benzene (continued) 80.1
1476 CeFieO Perfluorobutyl ether 100 68 51
1477 CeHie Octane 125.75 Nonazeotrope 52
1478 Ceïïie 2,2,4-Trimethyl-
pentane, 35°-75° C . Nonazeotrope v-1 345
1479 C Hi 0
8 8 3 2 - (2 - B u t o x y e t h o x y )
ethanol 230.6 Nonazeotrope 334

C6H 0 6 Phenol 181.42


76
1480 C Hi O
6 0 C y c l o h e x a n o n e , 5 0 m m . 73
If 155.6
.. .
Azeotropic
71.5
57
75.8 334
50 m m .
.. . Max. b.p.
11

1481 CeHioCU Ethylene diacetate 189.86 195.53 39.2 253


70 76
1482 C H 0
6 1 2 Cyclohexanol, 60 m m .
" 70 m m .
.. . 111
111 73 57
v-1 57
11

"
90 m m .
200 m m .
... 120
140
70
71 76
11 160.65 180 87 76
1483 C Hg0
8 2 Phenyl acetate 195.14 195.89 8.9 253
1484 C Hi 0
8 8 2-Ethyl-l-hexanol,
95.6 95 34, 335
25 m m .
•.. 303
1485
1486
C 9 H 1 0
C H 9 1 2
« -Methylstyrene
Cumene
.. .
152.8
162
149
7
2 76
1487 C H 9 1 2 Propylbenzene 158.9 158.5 14 324
1488 C H 9 1 4 SiO (Trimethylsiloxy)
benzene 181.9 175.5 193

A = 0 Η6θ
6 2 Pyrocatechol 245.9
1489 C H 1 2 1 8 1,3,5-Triethylbenzene 215.5 214.7 8.9 324

A = C H N 6 7 Aniline 184.35
242
1490
1491
C 6 H 1 2 O
C H 6 1 3 N
Cyclohexanol
Cyclohexylamine 134
... Nonazeotrope
Nonazeotrope
v-1
147, 242
Nonazeotrope v-1 356
1492 Q H 1 4 Hexane, 556-731 m m .
110.7 .. . v-1 138
1493
1494
C H 7

C H N
7
8

9
Toluene
Ν - M ethylaniline, .. .
Nonazeotrope v-1 59
1495 C
7 16 H

Heptane
95°-145°
98.4 ... v-1 138
1496 C H N 8 n N,N -Dimethylaniline,
36.7 m m . 95 74.5 v-1 59
11
101.4 m m . ... 120 76.1 v-1 59
11
243.1 m m . 145 77.5 v-1 59
1497 C
e 18 H Iso-octane, 86-741 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 356
21.3 v-1 92
1498 C
10 14 H £ - C v m e n e , 50 m m .
.. . 1()6!3 23 v-1 92
" 100 m m .
.· · v-1 92
300 m m .
... . ..
11

v-1 92
"
11
500 m m .
760 m m .
.. · ...
172.80 ...
31.3 v-1 92

A = C 6 H N 7 2-Picoline 128.8
1499 C 6 H 0 1 2 3 Paraldehyde 124.5 Nonazeotrope 334
1500 C 8 H 1 8 Octane 125.75 121.12 42 369
1501 C 9 H o 2 Nonane 150.7 129.2 84.1 369

A = C H N 6 7 3-Picoline 144
1502 C H N 7 9 2,6-Lutidine 144.06 143.5 27.3 v-1 27

A = C H,C1N 6 Aniline H y d r o ­ ...


chloride
1503 C 1 2 H U N Diphenylamine,
45.8 153
100 m m .
... ...
"
250 m m .
11

350 m m .
...
265
.. .
215
48
50
153
153
" 740 m m . 233 65 153
153
" 2500 m m .
.. . 270
50 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

= C H N 6 8 2 2 - Amino-3-methyl- 221
pyridine
1504 C
1 1 H
1 0 1 -Methylnaphthalene,
20 m m . 115 68.2 98, 99
" 50 m m . 136 75.2 98, 99
"
"
150 m m .
290 m m .
... 166
187
89.7
96.4
98,
98,
99
99
11
400 m m . 198 98.7 98, 99
" 760 m m . 244.8 Nonazeotrope 98, 99
1505 €ιι ιο Η 2 -Methylnaphthalene,
16 m m .
... 109 57.5 98, 99
"
"
50 m m .
150 m m .
... 137
165
69.5
76.8
98,
98,
99
99
" 400 m m . 196 92 98, 99
11
550 m m . 209 96 98, 99
" 760 m m . 241.1 Nonazeotrope 98, 99

= CAoO Cyclohexanone 155.6


1506 C H 0 6 1 2 Cyclohexanol, 100 m m .
... Nonazeotrope V -1 57

— C H O 6 1 0 M e s i t y l Oxide 128.3
1507 C H 0 6 1 2 4 - M ethyl - 2 - pentanone 116.2 Nonazeotrope 334
1508 CgH^Ojj 4 - H y d r o x y- 4- m e t h y l -
2-pentanone 169.2 Nonazeotrope 334
1509 C H 7 1 2 0 3-Hepten-2-one 162.9 Nonazeotrope 334
1510 4-Methyl - 2-pentyl
acetate 146.1 Nonazeotrope 334
1511 CgHigO 2,6-Dimethyl-4-
heptanone 169.4 Nonazeotrope 334

= C6H12 Cyclohexane 80.85


1512 C H 6 1 2 0 Cyclohexanol 161.1 Nonazeotrope 334
1513 C H 6 1 2 0 4-Methyl-2-pentanone,
-1 66
450-760 m m .
.. . Nonazeotrope V

1514 C6H13N Cyclohexylamine


.. . Nonazeotrope V -1 242
1515 C
6 14 H Hexane 68.95 Nonazeotrope V -1 231
1516 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.7 Nonazeotrope V -1 230
1517 C
7 16 H 2,4 - D i m e t h y l p e n t a n e 80.5 80.2 48.6 214
1*518 C
7 16 H Heptane 98.4 V -1 52,
231
1519 C
7 16 H 2,2,3 - T r i m e t h y l b u t a n e 80.8 80.0 46.6 214

= ^6 Η
12 Methylcyclopentane 71.72
1520 C
6 14 H H e x a n e , 200-760 m m . 68.95 Nonazeotrope V -1 85,
231
1521 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.7 Nonazeotrope V -1 230

= C H 6 1 2 0 Cyclohexanol 161
1522 C
7 H
l P 2
Cyclohexyl formate,
50 m m . 79.4 50 147
1523 q,H 1 4 o Cyclohexyl vinyl ether,
. ·.
45 m m . 71-80 21 341

= C H 6 1 2 O 4-Methyl-2- 116.2
pentanone
1524 C
8 16°2 H 4-Methyl-2-pentyl
acetate 146.1 Nonazeotrope 334
1525 2,6-Dimethyl-4-
heptanone 169.4 Nonazeotrope 334

= COH 1 2 0 2 Butyl Acetate 126.1


1526 Q H 1 2 O 2 s e c - B u t y l acetate 112.2 Nonazeotrope 334
1527 C H 6 1 4 0 2 2 -Butoxyethanol 171.1 Nonazeotrope 334
1528 C
8 18° H Butyl ether 142.1 125.9 95 334
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 51

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P., C . B.P., C. Wt.%A Ref.

A = C H 6 1 2 0 2 Hexanoic A c i d 205.15
1529 C H 8 1 6 O z Octanoic acid,
20-100 m m . Nonazeotrope v - 1 289
1530 C H 8 1 7 NO N,N-Dimethylhexan-
a m i d e , 100 m m . Max. b.p.

C 6 H 1 2 0 2 4-Hydroxy-4-methyl 166
2-Pentanone
1531 C H 9 1 2 x - E t h y l t o l u e n e , 20m m . <80 25 353

C 6 H 1 2 S 0 2 2,4-Dimethylsulfolane
1532 A m y l naphthalene,
C
15 18 H
20 m m . 151 75 225
1533 H e x a d e c a n e , 20m m . 142 75 225
C
16 34 H

2-Ethoxyethyl Acetate 156.2


CÔHI 03
1534 Toluene 110.6 Nonazeotrope 334
2

C H 7 8

A = C6Hi 03 2 Paraldehyde 124


1535 C
8 10 H m-Xylene 139 Nonazeotrope 113
1536 C
8 10 H p-Xylene 138.4 Nonazeotrope 113

A = C 6 H 1 4
Hexane 68.95
1537 C7F16 Perfluoroheptane,
crit. region Azeotropic v-1 155
1538 C H Nonazeotrope 52
7 8 Toluene Γιό!7
150-760 m m . ... Nonazeotrope v-1 229
1539 Methylcyclohexane 101.15 Nonazeotrope v-1 52,
231
C H 0 6 1 4 2-Ethyl-l-butanol 147.0
1540 C H 0 8 1 6 2-Ethylhexaldehyde 163.6 Nonazeotrope 334
1541 C H C1
8 1 7 3-(Chloromethyl)
heptane, 50m m . 89 77 61 335
11
100 m m . 106.9 92 68 335

A = C 6 H 1 4 0 Hexyl A l c o h o l 157.1
1542 C H 8 1 6 0 2 2-Ethylbutyl acetate 162.3 154.4 72.5 335

A = C6H 0 1 4 Isopropyl E t h e r 68.3


1543 C Hi 0 6 4 2 1,2- D i e t h o x y e t h a n e 121.1 Nonazeotrope 334

A = CA4O 4-Methy 1-2 -pentanol 131.8


1544 C H 8 1 6 02 4 -Methyl - 2- pentyl
acetate 146.1 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C 6 H 1 4 O S 2 -Buty lthioethanol
1545 C H 8 1 6 OS 2-Butylthioethyl vinyl
ether ... Min. b.p. 329

A = C H 0 6 1 4 2 2-Butoxyethanol 171.2
1546 C H 9 1 2 Cumene 152.4 151.7 10.3 168
1547 C Hi6 9 cis -Hexahydroindan 167.7 159.9 38 v o l . % 291
1548 Ci Hi 0 4 Butylbenzene 183.4 169.6 73.4 168
1549 CioHu sec-Butylbenzene 173.3 166.0 47.9 168
1550 Ci H 0 1 4 tert- Butylbenzene 169.1 164.4 39.1 168
1551 Ci H 0 1 4 p-Cymene 177.2 167.4 56.6 168
1552 CioH o 2 n- Butylcyclohexane 180.95 165.6 56 v o l . % 291
1553 C H 1 0 2 0 sec-Butylcyclohexane 179.3 165.1 53 v o l . % 291
1554 CioH 2 0 Isobutylcyclohexane 171.3 161.5 40 v o l . % 291
1555 CioH o 2 cis-1 -Methyl -4 -
isopropylcyclo-
hexane 172.7 162.0 45 v o l . % 291
1556 CIQH O 2 trans-1 -methyl - 4 -
isopropylcyclo-
hexane 170.5 160.9 41 v o l . % 291
52 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B . P . , C . Wt.%A Ref.

A = C H 6 1 4 Q 2 2 -Butoxy ethanol 171.2


(continued)
1557 C10H22 3,3,5-Trimethyl-
heptane 155.5 151.6 23 v o l . % 291

A = C HH0 6 2 Hexylene G l y c o l
1558 C 3 H 1 0 Ethylbenzene, 400 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 271
1559 C H 8 1 6 Ethylcyclohexane,
400 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 271

A = C H 6 1 4 0 3 Dipropylene G l y c o l
1560 CioH 8 Naphthalene 218.1 142.9 12.4 v-1 204
2 - Methylnaphthalene 241.1 Nonazeotrope 98
1561 CJJH^Q
2 - (2 -Ethoxyethoxy ) 202.8
A = C H 6 1 4 0 3
ethanol
Bis (2- ethoxyethyl)
1562 C H 8 1 8 0 3
ether 188.4 Nonazeotrope 334
M
10 m m . 72 Nonazeotrope 334
1563 C n H 1 0 2- M e t h y l n a p h t h a l e n e 241.1 Nonazeotrope 98

A = C H O
6 1 4 S Triethylene G l y c o l 288.7
1564 C H N
1 2 9 Carbazole 294 Nonazeotrope 100
L o w press.
11 Min. b.p. 100
1565 C 1 2 H 1 0 O Phenyl ether, 4 m m . 102 Nonazeotrope 334
1566 C 1 3 H 1 0 Fluorene 294 Nonazeotrope 100
" High press. Min. b.p. 100
1567 Cj Hio 4 Phenanthrene,
Low press. 340 Min. b.p. 100
Glycol decreases with decreasing pressure
1568 C 1 4 H 1 4 0 Benzyl ether, 5 m m . 145.5 . . . 28 335

A = C H 6 1 5 N0 2 l,l -Iminodi-2-propanol
t
133/10
1569 C H 9 2 1 N0 3 l,l',l"-Nitrilotri-2-
propanol, 10m m . 1
1 77
77 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C F 7 1 6 Perfluoroheptane 82.5
1570 CVH 1 6 Heptane, crit. region Azeotropic v-1 155
1571 C F 8 1 6 0 Perfluorocyclic oxide 102!6 Nonazeotrope v-1 354
1572 C H 8 1 8 Octane, crit. region Azeotropic v-1 155
1573 C H 9 2 0 Nonane, crit. region Nonazeotrope v-1 155

A = C H60 7 2 Benzoic A c i d 189/100 m m .


1574 C 1 2 H 1 0 O Phenyl ether, 100 m m . 181 176.5 27 76

A = C H 7 8 Toluene 110.7
1575 C H 0 7 8 p-Cresol 201.7 Nonazeotrope v-1 213
1576 C H 7 U ethylcyclohexane 101.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 114,
309
60°-100° C. Evaporation data 297
1577 C H 7 1 6 Heptane 98 Evaporation data v - 1 114
1578 C HnN 8 2-Methyl-5-ethyl-
pyridine 1 78.3 Nonazeotrope 334
1579 C Hie
8 Iso- octane Nonazeotrope v-1 266
1580 C Hi8
8 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane 99.3 Nonazeotrope v-1 52
1581 C H O 1 0 2 2 Decyl alcohol (isomers) 217.3 Nonazeotrope 334
1582 Ci H 0 2 2 6 2,6,8-Trimethyl-
4-nonanol 225.5 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C H O 7 G Benzyl Alcohol 205.2


1583 C H 9 1 0 O Benzyl vinyl ether,
25 m m . 103 341

A = C H 0 7 8 m - C resol 202.2
1584 C H O 9 1 0 2 Ethyl benzoate 212.4 26.6 112
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 53

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

A C H 0 7 8 o-Cresol 191
1585 QHiiN s-Collidine 171.30 197.20 63.0 188

A C H 0 7 8 x-Cresol 202
1586 C H N 7 9 Pyridine bases 163 204.9 78 367
1587 O 7 H 9 N Pyridine bases 157 204.4 80 367
1588 C H N 7 9 Pyridine bases 142-5 202.5 90 367

A C H 0 7 8 m,p-Cresols 202
1589 CioH 8 Naphthalene 218.1 202 71.8 212
1590 CnHio 2- Methylnaphthalene 241.15 Nonazeotrope 98

A C HeO 7 D-Cresol 201.7


1591 C H O 9 1 0 2 Ethyl benzoate 212.4 24.5 112

A CjHçN N-Methylaniline 196.25


1592 C HnN 8 N,N-Dimethyl-
aniline, 95 - 1 4 5 ° Nonazeotrope v-1 59

A C7H9N 2,6-Lutidine 143.41


1593 C
10 22 H Decane 174.0 Nonazeotrope v-1 358

A C H9N 7 o-Toluidine 200.7


1594 C H N n 1 7 D i e t h y l - 0- t o l u i d i n e ,
20 m m . 95.8 48 173

A C Hi4 7 Methylcyclohexane 100.93


1595 Heptane 98 Nonazeotrope v-1 114,
C
7 16 H

309
1596 C F 8 1 6 0 Perfluorocyclic oxide 102.5 85 40 v o l . % 207

A C Hi 0 7 4 2 Heptanoic A c i d 222.0
1597 C H NO 9 1 9 N,N-Dimethylheptan-
amide Max. b.p. 295

A C H 7 1 6 Heptane 98
1598 C F 8 1 8 0 P e r fluor obutyl ether 100 Min. b.p. 50
1599 C
H 8 1 0 Ethylbenzene 136.15 Nonazeotrope 52
" 100-760 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 229
1600 C H 8 1 8 2,2,4- T r imethylpentane 9SÛ Nonazeotrope 52

A C H 7 1 6 0 3 Dipropylene G l y c o l
Methyl Ether
1601 C
11 10 H 2- Methylnaphthalene 241.15 Nonazeotrope 98

A C F 8 1 6 0 P e r f l u o r o c y c l i c Oxide 102.5
1602 C
e 16 H Ethylcyclohexane 131.78 96.3 80 v o l . % 207
1603 C
H i
8 8
2,2,4- T r i m e t h y l p e n t a n e 99.24 87.5 60 v o l . % 207
1604 C H o 9 2
2,3,4- T r i m e t h y l h e x a n e 131.34 98.4 80 v o l . % 207

A C H C1 8 5 3 ar-Trichlorostyrene
1605 C ^ Q O S 2 - (2-Isoamyloxyethoxy )
ethanol, 6.7m m . 101 49

A C H 8 8 Styrene 145
1606 C H 8 1 0 Ethylbenzene,
10-100 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 40,
110
" 30°-120° C . Nonazeotrope v-1 156
1607 C Hio 8
X y l e n e , 20 m m . 50' Nonazeotrope 334

A Methyl Salicylate 222.3


1608 2- Methylnaphthalene 241.15 Nonazeotrope 98
C
11 10 H
54 ADVANCES IN C H E M I S T R Y SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P./C. B . P . / C . Wt.%A Ref.

A = CeHio Ethylbenzene 136.15


1609 C Hi6 8 Ethylcyclohexane,
400 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 271
1610 C Hi6 8 1-Octene 121.6 Nonazeotrope v-1 342
1611 C Hi 8 8 Octane 125.75 Nonazeotrope 52
1612 C 9 H 1 2 Cumene 152.4 Nonazeotrope 334
1613 C 9 H 2 0 Nonane 150.7 Nonazeotrope 363
1614 C 9 H 2 0 2,2,5-Trimethylhexane 120.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 342

A = CgH 10 m-Xylene 139


1615 C Hi 0 8 8 2-Ethyl-1 -hexanol 184.8 Nonazeotrope 334
1616 C Hi 0 9 8 2-Ethylheptanal 139.0 96.1 52

A = C H 8 1 0 o-Xylene 143.6
1617 C 9 H 2 0 Nonane 150.7 144.25 81 372

A = C Hio8 p-Xylene 138.4


1618 C H 8 1 8 Octane 125.75 Nonazeotrope 52

A= QH14O3 B i s (2 - v i n y loxy ethyl) 196.5/10 m m .


Ether
1619 C H 8 1 8 0 3 B i s (2-ethoxyethyl )
e t h e r , 10 m m . 187.8 Nonazeotrope v-1

A = C H 8 1 6 0 2 1,3-Dimethylbutyl 146.1
Acetate
1620 C9H 1 8 0 2,6-Dimethyl-4-
heptanone 169.4 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C Hi 02
8 6 2- Ethylhexanoic A c i d
1621 C H U 1 0 2-Methylnaphthalene 241.15 <50 98

A = C Hi 08 6 2 Octanoic A c i d 238.5
1622 C 1 0 H 2 1 N O N , N - Dimethyloctan-
a m i d e , 100 m m . 187 190 26.0 295

A = CeHieOs 2 -(2 -Ethoxyethoxy )


E t h y l Acetate
1623 c
llHio 2- Methylnaphthalene 241.15 Nonazeotrope 98

A = C H C1
8 1 7 3- (Chloromethyl) 106.9/100 m m .
heptane
1624 C Hi 0 8 8 2-Ethyl-1 -hexanol,
100 m m . 124.8 106 98 335

C H 8 1 8 Cl2Sn Dibutyltin 157/17


Dichloride
1625 C H ClSn
1 2 2 7 Tributyltin chloride,
17 m m . 166 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C Hi 08 8 Butyl Ether 142.1


1626 C ^ O 2-Ethyl-1 -hexanol 184.8 Nonazeotrope 334

A = CeHieO 2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 184.8


1627 C 9 H 2 0 Nonane 150.8 Nonazeotrope 334
1628 C10H20O2 2-Ethylhexyl acetate 198.4 Nonazeotrope 334
1629 C 1 1 H 2 5 N (2-Ethylhexyl)
p r o p y l a m i n e , 50 m m . 147 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C Hi 08 8 Octyl A l c o h o l 195.15
1630 C 1 0 H 2 0 O Octyl vinyl ether,
5 mm. 64 64 17 341

A = CJHIJOS 2-Hexylthioethanol
1631 C 1 0 H 2 0 O S 2-Hexylthioethyl vinyl
ether Min. b.p. 329
TABLE I BINARY SYSTEMS 55

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. W t . % A Ref.

A= C8H 1 8 0 2 2-Ethyl-l,3- 243.1


hexanediol
1632 C 1 6 H 3 4 0 Bis(2-ethylhexyl)ether,
10 m m . 135 123 40 335
269.8 241 335

A = CeHie03 2-(2-Butoxyethoxy) 231.2


ethanol
1633 C^oHg Naphthalene, 100 m m . 144.35 Nonazeotrope v-1 144
1634 C H n 1 0 1 - Methylnaphtha­
l e n e , 20 m m . 46.8 98
" 100 m m . 64.3 98
" 200 m m . 74 98
1635 CnHio 2- Methylnaphtha­
lene, 20 m m . 38 98
" 100 m m . 53.5 98
M 241.15 82 98
1636 Ci H g 2 2 Dodecane, 100 m m . 146.2 142.6 34 v-1 144
1 6 3 7 C15H30 1-Pentadecene,
217 m m . 183.7 185.16 87 v o l . % 291

A= Cc,F N 2 1 T r i s (per fluor opropyl) 130


amine
1 6 3 8 C9H12 Cumene 152 116 51

A= C9H N 0 6 2 2 2,4-Tolylene
Diisocyanate
1639 09Η6Ν2θ 2 2,6-Tolylene di­
isocyanate, 5-60 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 53

A = C9H7N Isoquinoline
1640 CnHio 2 - M e t h y l n a p h t h a l ene 241.15 <50 98

A = C H N9 7 Quinoline 237.3
1641 C H U 1 0 2- Methylnaphthalene 241.15 >50 98

A = C9HK1O3 E t h y l Salicylate 233.7


1S42 C 1 2 H 1 0 O Phenyl ether, 5 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 118
" 50 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 118
" 180 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 118

A - C9H12 Cumene
1643 C 1 2 F 2 7 N T r i s (per fluorobutyl )
amine 177 138 51

A = C9H 12 Mesitylene 164.7


1644 C H 9 1 2 1,2,4-Trimethyl-
benzene 169.2 Nonazeotrope 96

A = C H OS
9 1 2 2-Benzylthio ethanol
1645 C H OS n 1 4 2 -Benzylthioethyl
vinyl ether Min. b.p. 329

A = C9H 0 14
Isophorone
1646 C n H 1 0 2- Methylnaphthalene 241.15 Nonazeotrope 98

A = C H 9 1 8 Propycyclohexane 156.72
1647 C F 1 2 2 7 N Per fluor otributyl -
amine 178.4 145.4 55 v o l . % 207

A = C9H20 Nonane 151


1648 C 1 2 F 2 7 N Perfluorotributyl-
amine 177 Min. b.p. 50
56 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

A = C9H20O 2,6-Dimethyl- 104/52


4-heptanol
1649 C 1 2 H 2 4 2,6,8-Trimethyl-
nonene, 8 m m . 56 18 334
11
52 m m . 95 32 334

A = C9H20O4 Tripropylene G l y c o l
Carbazole 294 Nonazeotrope 100
1650 C 1 2 H N 9 11
L o w press. Min. b.p. 100
Fluorene, high press. Min. b.p. 100
1651 C 1 3 H 1 0
" L o w press. Nonazeotrope 100
Phenanthrene Min. b.p. 100
1 6 5 2 C14H10 % glycol decreases 100
with decreasing
pressure

A = CioH 8 Naphthalene 218.1


1653 Ci H g 2 2 Dodecane, 100 m m . 140.2 59.2 v-1 144,
204

A = CioHie Decahydronaphthalene
1654 C H 1 0 2 2
D e c a n e , 10 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 309
" 20 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 309
" 50 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 309

A = C H O
1 0 1 8 Menthone 209.5
1655 Ci H O 0 2 0 Menthol, 5m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 118
" 50 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 118
" 180 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 118

A = CioH 2 2 3,3,5-Trimethyl- 155.68


heptane
1656 C 1 2 F 2 7 N Perfluorotributyl -
amine 178.4 147.3 55 v o l . % 207

A =
C^()H 0 22 Decyl Alcohol 232.9
1657 C 1 2 H 2 6 0 Dodecyl alcohol, 20,
50, 100, 300 m m . Ideal system v-1 290

A = Q H 0 2 2 OS 2-(2-Ethylhexylthio)
ethanol
1658 C 1 2 H2 OS 4 2-(2-Ethylhexylthio)
ethyl vinyl ether Min. b.p. 329

A = CioH 04 22 Tripropylene Glycol


Methyl E t h e r
1659 CnHio 2- Methylnaphthalene 241.15 <50 98

A = CnHio 1-Methylnaphthalene 244.8


1660 C u H 2 4 0 5 - Ethyl - 2- nonanol,
19 m m . 121 41.4 98, 99
11
50 m m . 143 25.2 98, 99
M
150 m m . 173 5.25 98, 99
" 200 m m . 179.5 2 98, 99
" 400 m m . Nonazeotrope 98, 99

A = CnH 1 0 2 -Methylnaphthalene 241.1


1661 C H u 2 4 0 5- Ethyl - 2- nonanol,
20 m m . 120 49.8 98, 99
" 50 m m . 140.5 36.0 98, 99
" 90 m m . 157 24.5 98, 99
" 200 m m . 181.5 9.0 98, 99
" 300 m m . 193.5 3.5 98, 99
, f
400 m m . Nonazeotrope 98, 99
TABLE BINARY SYSTEMS 57

B-Component Azeotropic Data

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P.,°C. Wt.%A Ref.

A = C12H9N Carbazole 355


1662 C 1 4 H 3 0 O Tetradecanol Nonazeotrope 100
11
Low press. M i n . b.p. 100
1663 C 1 7 H 3 6 0 Heptadecanol Nonazeotrope 100
" Low press. M i n . b.p. 100

A - Ci H 2 1 0
Biphenyl 255.9
1664 C H 2 4 3 8 0 4 Dioctyl phthalate,
10 m m . 248 Nonazeotrope 334

A = C i 2 H 2 4 2,6,8-Trimethylnonene
1665 C 1 2 H 2 6 0 2,6,8-Trimethyl-
4 - n o n a n o l , 50 m m . 137 Nonazeotrope 334
" 10 m m . 103 Nonazeotrope 334

= C 1 2 H 2 6 Dodecane 216
1666 C 1 6 H 3 4 Hexadecane,
10-760 mm. Nonazeotrope v-1 163

A = C13H10 Fluorene 294


1667 q H 4 3 0 O Tetradecanol,
Low press. Nonazeotrope 100
11
High press. M i n . b.p. 100
1668 C 1 7 H 3 6 0 Heptadecanol,
Low press. Nonazeotrope 100
" High press. M i n . b.p. 100

A = C 1 4 H 1 0
Phenanthrene 340
1669 C 1 4 H 3 0 O Tetradecanol % Phenanthrene i n ­ 100
creases with pres­
sure; m i n . b.p.
1670 C 1 7 H 3 6 0 Heptadecanol % Phenanthrene i n ­ 100
creases with pres­
sure; m i n . b.p.

A = C 1 6 H 3 2 0 2 Palmitic A c i d
1671 C 1 8 H 3 6 0 2 Stearic acid, 5 m m . v-1 139

A = Ci H3 0 8 4 2
Oleic A c i d
1672 C H 03
1 8 3 4 Ricinoleic acid,
5 mm. v-1 139
1673 Ci H3^D 8 2 Stearic acid,
5 mm. v-1 139
1674 C 2 0 H 3 0 Q 2 Abietic acid,
1-10 m m . Nonazeotrope v - 1 166
58 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES
T a b l e II. Ternary Systems
A-Component B-Component C-Component Azeotropic Data

B.P., B.P., B.P., B.P., Composition, Wt. %


No. Formula Name °C Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. °C. A B C Ref.

1675 A Argon -185.7 N 2 Nitrogen -195.8 o 2 Oxygen -183 Nonazeotrope v-1 97,194
a
1676 CO Carbon -192 H 2 Hydrogen -252.7 N 2 Nitrogen -195.8 v-1 2
monoxide
1677 C 1 F 3 Chlorine FH Hydrogen 19.4 F U 6 Uranium 56 Nonazeotrope v-1 91,292
trifLuoride fluoride hexafluo­
ride
1678 c m Hydrogen -85 5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115.5 C
10 8 H Naphthalene 218.1 189.6 322
chloride
1679 HF Hydrogen 19.5 H 2 0 Water 100 C 4 H F 7 0 2
Perfluoro- 108 12 28 60 222
fluoride butyric acid
1680 H N 0 3 Nitric acid ... H 2 0 Water 100 CHCl 3 Chloroform 61 92 3 5 258
1681 H 2 0 Water 100 so 2 Sulfur - 1 0 C H 0 2 4 Acetalde- 20.2 v-1 273
dioxide hyde
1682 H o O Water 100 CHCl, Chloroform 61 C H 2 0 2 F o r m i c acid 100.75 Nonazeotrope v-1 56
1683 H 2 0 Water 100 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 C H 4 0 Methanol 64.7 52.6 4 81 15 335
1684 H 2 0 Water 100 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 2
C H N 3 Acetonitrile 81.6 Nonazeotrope 334
1685 H 2 0 Water 100 Chloroform 61 2
C H 0 4 2 Acetic acid 118.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 56
CHCI3
b 100 Chloroform 61 Ethyl alcohol 78.3 78.0 3.9 91.2 4.9 335
1686 H 2 0 Water Ca^O
CHCI3
1687 H 2 0 Water 100 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 C ^ O 2-Butanone 79.6 Nonazeotrope 334
1688 H 2 O Water 100 C H 2 0 2 F o r m i c acid 100.75 C 2 H 4 0 2 Acetic acid 118.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 56
1689 H 2 0 Water 100 C H 2 0 2 F o r m i c acid 100.75 5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115.5 Nonazeotrope v-1 360
1690 H 2 0 Water 100 CH N0 3 2 Nit ro meth­ 101 CaHgO Isopropyl 82.3 11.7 36.8 51.5 176
ane alcohol
1691 H 2 0 Water 100 C H 4 0 Methanol 64.3 C 2 C l 3 F 3 1,1,2-Tri- 47.5 39.4 0.6 3.0 96.4 335
chlorotri-
fluoroethane
1692 H 2 0 Water 100 C H 4 0 Methanol 64.7 CJHJO Ethyl alcohol 78.3 Nonazeotrope v-1 68
1693 H 2 0 Water 100 C H 4 0 Methanol 64.7 C H 0 3 6 Propionalde- 47.9 Nonazeotrope 334
hyde
1694 H 2 0 Water 100 C H 4 0 Methanol 64.7 M e t h y l a c e t a t e 57.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 58
1695 H 2 0 Water 100 C H 4 0 Methanol 64.7 3
C HeO Isopropyl 82.3 Nonazeotrope 334

A
20 atm. to critical point.
B
20 p.s.i.g.
A-Component B-Component C-Component Azeotropic Data
B.P., B.P., B.P., B.P., Composition, Wt. %
No. Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. °C. A Β C Ref.

1696 HzO Water 100 CH 0 4 Methanol 64.7 4


C H 0 6 2 Methyl 80.9 Nonazeotrope 334
acrylate
1697 2
H 0 Water 100 CH 0 4
Methanol 64.7 4
C H 0 8 2
Methyl 79.85 Nonazeotrope 84
propionate
1698 Water 100 Methanol 64.7 C H 2-Methyl- -11.7 Nonazeotrope 334
2
H 0 CH 0 4 4 10
propane
1699 2
H 0 Water 100 2
C C1 F 3 3 1,1,2-Tri- 47.5 2
C H 0 6
Ethyl alcohol 78.3 42.6 0.6 3.9 95.5 335
chlorotri-
fluoroethane
1700 2
H 0 Water 100 2
C HC1 3 Trichloro- 86.2 3
C H 0 6
Allyl alcohol 97.1 71.4 7.5 80 12.5 334
ethylene
1701 2
H 0 Water 100 2
C HC1 3 Trichloro- 86.2 £3^0 Propyl 97.3 7.1 84.8 8.1 176
ethylene alcohol
1702 2
H 0 Water .00 2
C HC1 3 Trichloro- 86.2 3
C H 0 8
Isopropyl 82.3 69.4 7 73 20 335
ethylene alcohol
1703 2
H 0 Water 100 2
C H N 3 Acetonitrile 81.6 2
C H 0 6
Ethyl alcohol 78.3 72.9 1 44 55 335
1704 Water 100 2
C H N 3 Acetonitrile 81.6 A
C H N n Diethylamine 55.5 Nonazeotrope 334
2
H 0
1705 Water 100 2
C H N 3 Acetonitrile 81.6 6
C H O u Isopropyl 68.3 59 5 13 82 334
2
H 0
ether
1706 2
H 0 Water 100 2
C H N 3 Acetonitrile 81.6 C H 6 1 5 N Triethylamine 89.7 68.6 6 31 63 334
1707 2
H 0 Water 100 2
C H C1 4 2 1,2-Dichloro­ 83.5 2
C H 0 6
Ethyl alcohol 78.3 67.8 7.2 77.1 15.7 335
ethane
1708 2
H 0 Water 100 2
C H C1 4 2 1,2-Dichloro­ 83.5 3
C H 0 8
Isopropyl 82.3 69.7 7.7 73.3 19.0 335
ethane alcohol
1709 2
H 0 Water 100 C H 02 4
Acetalde- 20.2 2
C H 0 6
Ethyl alcohol 78.3 ... v-1 133
hyde
1710 Water 100 2
Acetalde- 20.2 C H Paraldehyde 124 Nonazeotrope 334
2
H 0 C H 0 4 6 12°3
hyde
1711 Water 100 2
C H C10 5 2-Chloro- 128.7 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope 334
2
H 0
ethanol
100 Ethyl alcohol 78.3 3
C H N 3 Acrylonitrile 77.2 69.5 8.7 20.3 71.0 335
1712 2
H 0 Water C H 02 6

Water Ethyl alcohol Acrylonitrile


π " 100 mm. <30 6.6 9.0 84.4 335
1713 2
H 0 Water 100 CzHgO Ethyl alcohol 78.3 3
C H 0 6
Acetone 56.1 Nonazeotrope 334
1714 2
H 0 Water 100 C H G2 6 Ethyl alcohol 78.3 Ethyl formate 54.2 Nonazeotrope 334
1715 2
H 0 Water 100 C H 02 6
Ethyl alcohol 78.3 Crotonalde- 102.4 78.0 4.8 87.9 7.3 335
hyde
m
TABLE II TERNARY SYSTEMS 61

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62 ADVANCES IN C H E M I S T R Y SERIES

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Α-Component B-Component C-Component Azeotropic Data

B.P., B.P., B.P., B.P., Composition, Wt. %


No. Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. °C. A Β C Ref.

1756 2
H 0 Water 100 Propionic 140.7 4
C H 0 8 2 Methyl 79.85 Nonazeotrope 84
acid propionate
100 3
C H 08 Isopropyl 82.3 C H 0 4 8 2-Butanone 79.6 73.4 11 1 88 335
1757 2
H 0 Water
alcohol
100 3
C H 08 Isopropyl 82.3 C H N 4 n Butylamine 77.8 83 12.5 40.5 47 335
1758 2
H 0 Water
alcohol
1759 2
H 0 Water 100 3
C H 08 Isopropyl 82.3 C
5 H
10° 2
Isopropyl 88.7 75.5 11 13 76 335
alcohol acetate
1760 2
H 0 Water 100 C,H 08 Isopropyl 82.3 C H 6 6
Benzene 80.1 65.7 8.2 19.8 72.Ό 335
II " 20 p . s . i . g . 90 10 18 72 335
alcohol
100 3
C H 08 Isopropyl 82.3 C H 6 1 2 0 4-Methyl- 116.2 Nonazeotrope 334
1761 2
H 0 Water
alcohol 2-pentanone
100 3
C H 08 Isopropyl 82.3 C H O 6 u Butyl ethyl 92.2 73.4 10.4 21.9 67.7 335
1762 2
H 0 Water
alcohol ether
100 3
C H 08 Isopropyl 82.3 C H O 6 u Isopropyl 68.3 61.8 5 4 91 335
1763 2
H 0 Water
II ether 30 p . s . i . g . 95 6 9 85 335
alcohol
II II 7 87 335
15 p . s . i . g . 81 6
1764 2
H 0 Water 100 3
C H Oe Isopropyl 82.3 C H 6 1 5 N Diisopropyl- 84.1 Nonazeotrope 334
alcohol amine
1765 2
H 0 Water 100 3
C H Oe Isopropyl 82.3 C H
Toluene 110.6 76.3 13.1 38.2 48.7 335
7 8
alcohol
17.66 2
H 0 Water 100 3
C H 0 8 Isopropyl 82.3 C
8 14 H
Diisobutyl­ 102.3 72.3 9.3 31.6 59.1 335
alcohol ene
d 181
100 3
C H Oe Propyl 97.3 C H S 3 8 1-Propane­ 67.5 60.8
1767 2
H 0 Water
alcohol diol
100 3
C H Oe Propyl 97.3 C H 5 1 0 O 3-Pentanone 101.8 81.2 20 20 60 334
1768 2
H 0 Water
alcohol
1769 2
H 0 Water 100 3
C H Oe Propyl 97.3 C
5 H
10°2 Propyl 101.6 Nonazeotrope v --1 264
II acetate 200 m m . 50.23 13.3 4.7 82.0 V " -1 308
alcohol
II It 66.07 15.0 6.5 78.5 v --1 308
" 400 m m .
II It " 600 m m . 76.26 16.0 8.5 75.5 v --1 308
fl It 11 73.0 308
760 m m . 82.45 17.0 10.0 v --1
1770 H 0 2 Water 100 3
C H 0 8 Propyl 97.3 C H
Benzene 80.1 68.5 8.6 9.0 82.4 334
6 6
alcohol
1771 2
H 0 Water 100 3
C H Q8 Propyl 97.3 C
6 H
12
Cyclohexane 80.7 66.6 8.5 10.0 81.5 334
alcohol
A-Component B-Component C-Component Azeotropic Data

B.P., B.P., B.P., B.P., Composition, Wt. %


No. Formula Name °C. Formu Name °C. Formula Name °C. °C. A B C Ref.

1772 H 0 2 Water 100 3


C H O e Propyl 97.3 C H 6 l z O 2-Hexanone 127.2 87 27 63 10 123
alcohol
1773 H 2 O Water 100 3
C H 0 8 Propyl 97.3 6
C Hi20 2-Methyl- 118.3 86 28 58 14 334
alcohol pentanal
1774 H 0 2 Water 100 3
C H O e Propyl 97.3 C H Dipropoxy- 146.6 87.6 27.4 51.6 21.0 334
7 16°2
alcohol ethane
1775 H 0 2 Water 100 C
3 H
8 ° 2 2-Methoxy- 124.6 C
6 H
6
Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope 334
ethanol
1776 H 0 2 Water 100 3
C H 0 8 2 2-Methoxy- 124.6 C
6 H
12 Cyclohexane 80.7 Nonazeotrope 334
ethanol
1777 H 0 2 Water 100 3
C H 0 8 2 2-Me thoxy- 124.6 Toluene 110.6 Nonazeotrope 334
ethanol
1778 H 0 2 Water 100 3
C H 0 8 2 1 , 2 - P r o p a n e ­- 187.8 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.6 Nonazeotrope 334
diol
1779 H 0 2 Water 100 4
C H 0 6 Crotonalde- 102.4 C H 6 1 0 O 2-Ethylcro- 135.3 Nonazeotrope 334
hyde tonaldehyde
1780 H 2 0 Water C 4 H 8 0 2-Butanone 79.6 C
6 6 H Benzene 80.1 68.2 8.8 26.1 65.1 334
1781 H 2 0 Water C 4 H 8 0 2-Butanone 79.6 C
6 12 H
Cyclohexane 80.7 63.6 5 35 60 334
1782 H 2 0 Water C 4 H a O 2-Butanone 79.6 C H 6 U Hexane 68.7 55 1 22 77 334

oooo
1783 H 2 0 Water C 4 H 8 0 Butyr alde­ 74.8 C H 4 1 0 O Isobutyl 107.9 Nonazeotrope 334
hyde alcohol
>
Ό
1784 H 0 2 Water 100 4
C H 0 8 Butyr alde­ 74.8 C
4 10°2 H 1,1-Dimeth- 64.5 Nonazeotrope 334
hyde oxyethane
334 Ζ
1785 H 0 2 Water 100 4
C H 0 8 Butyr alde­ 74.8 C H Butyl 126.1 Nonazeotrope
6 12°2
hyde acetate ο
m
1786 H 0 2 Water 100 4
C H O e Butyralde- 74.8 C H Hexane 68.7 55 4 21 75 334 </ι
6 14
hyde
334 Ζ
1787 H O z Water 100 C H 4 1 0 O Butyl 117.7 C H 4 1 0 O sec-Butyl 99.5 Nonazeotrope
alcohol alcohol Ο
1788 H 0 2 Water 100 C H 4 1 0 O Butyl 117.7 C4H10 s 1-Butane- 97.5 78.6 181 ζm
alcohol thiol
1789 H 0 2 Water 100 C H 4 1 0 O Butyl 117.7 C H N 4 n Butylamine 77.8 Nonazeotrope 334
alcohol
ΰ!
H
1790 H 0 2 Water 100 C H 4 1 0 O Butyl 117.75 C H 6 l z O Butyl vinyl 94.2 77.4 10 2 88 335 79
alcohol ether -<
1791 H 0 2 Water 100 C H 4 1 0 O Butyl 117.75 C H 6 1 2 0 2 Butyl 126.1 90.7 29 8 63 335 U»
alcohol acetate m
1792 H 0 2 Water 100 Butyl 117.75 Hexane 68.95 61.5 19.2 2.9 77.9 174 je
C H C H
4 1 0 ° 6 14
alcohol m
TABLE II TERNARY SYSTEMS 65

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CM co m co
O 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
o 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
A-Component B-Component C-Component Azeotropic Data

B.P., B.P., B.P., B.P., Composition Wt. %


No. Formula Name °C Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. °C. A B C

1811 H 0 2 Water 100 4


C H„N Butyl amine 77.8 C H 8 1 9 N Dibutyl- 159.6 Nonazeotrope
amine
100 4 U Diethyl - 55.5 C H 6 1 4 0 Isopropyl 68.3 Nonazeotrope
1812 H 0 2 Water C H N
amine ether
C H Heptane 98.4 78.6 14 13.5 70.5
1813 H 2 0 Water 100 5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115.5 7 16
C H Octane 125.75 86.7 22.5 25.5 52
1814 H 2 0 Water 100 C 5 H 5 N Pyridine 115.5 8 18
1815 H 2 0 Water 100 Pyridine 115.5 C9H o 2
Nonane 150.7 90.5 30.5 37 32.5
1816 H 2 0 Water 100
C5H5N
5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115.5 H Decane 173.3 92.3 35.5 45.5 19
ÇlO 2 2
1817 H 2 0 Water 100 C 5 H 5 N Pyridine 115.5 C H n 2 4 Undecane 194.5 93.1 38.5 51 10.5
1818 H 2 0 Water 100 5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115.5 C
12 2 H Dodecane 216 93.5 40.5 54.5 5
1819 H 2 0 Water 100 ^5^8θ 2
Ethyl 99.3 6
C H < 1 4
;6 Isopropyl 68.3 Nonazeotrope
acrylate ether
1820 H 0 2 Water 100 C H 5 1 0 O 2-Pentanone 102.3 C H 6 6
Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope
1821 H 0 2 Water 100 C H 5 l z O A m y l alcohol 138.0 C H u 2 4 0 Diamyloxy- Nonazeotrope
methane
e 132 5 1 2 3-Methyl- 120 86.6
1822 H 0 2 Water 100 C H 5 1 2 0 Isoamyl C H S
alcohol 1-butane-
thiol
1823 H 0 2 Water 100 C
6 6 H Benzene 80.1 C H O 6 u Hexyl 157.85 Nonazeotrope
alcohol
1824 H 0 2 Water 100 6
C H N 7 2-Picoline 128.8 C
6 12°3 H Paraldehyde 124.5 Nonazeotrope
1825 H 0 2 Water 100 6
C H O 1 0 Cyclohexa­ 155.6 Cyclohexanol 160.65 Nonazeotrope
none
1826 H O z Water 100 C H Butyl 126.1 sec-Butyl 112.2 Nonazeotrope
6 12°2
acetate acetate
1827 H 0 2 Water 100 C H Butyl 126.1 C H Butyl 142.1 Nonazeotrope
6 12°2 8 18°
acetate ether
1828 H 0 2 Water 100 C H sec-Butyl 112.2 C H 8 1 8 0 Butyl 142.1 Nonazeotrope
6 12°2
acetate ether
1829 H 0 2 Water 100 C H 2-Ethoxy­ 156.2 C7H0 Toluene 110.6 Nonazeotrope
6 12° 3
ethyl
acetate
1830 H 0 2 Water 100 C H O 6 u Isopropyl 68.3 Triethyl- 89.7 Nonazeotrope
ether amine
1831 H 0 2 Water 100 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.6 C*10^22^ Decyl alcohol 2 1 7.3 Nonazeotrope
(isomers)

•765.4 mm.
A-Component B-Component G-Component Azeotropic Data

B.P., B.P., B.P., B.P., Composition, Wt. %


No. Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. °C. A B C Ref.
1832 H 02 Water 100 Toluene
C He 7 110.6 C 1 2 H 2 6 0 2,6,8-Tri- 225.5 Nonazeotrope 334
methyl-4-
nonanol
1833 CCI4 C a r b o n t e t r a ­• 7 6 . 7 C2HCI3 Trichloro- 86.2 C H 0 4 8 2-Butanone 79.6 Nonazeotrope v-1 184
chloride ethylene
1834 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 CH 0 2 2 Formic acid 100.75 C H 0 2 4 2 Acetic acid 118.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 56
1835 CHCl 3 Chloroform 61 CH 0 4 Methanol 64.7 C H 0 3 6 Acetone 56.1 57.5 46.7 23.4 29.9 v-1 335
1836 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 CH 0 4 Methanol 64.7 C H
3 6°2 Methyl 57.1 56.42 51.4 21.6 27 v-1 31,143
acetate
1837 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 CH 0 4 Methanol 64.7 C 4 H 0 8 2-Butanone 79.6 Nonazeotrope 334
1838 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 CzHeO Ethyl alcohol 78.3 C 3 H 0 6 Acetone 56.1 63.2 65.3 10.4 24.3 v-1 224
1839 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 C H O3 e Acetone 56.4 C ^ O 2-Butanone 79.6 Nonazeotrope v-1 62
1840 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 C H 03 6 Acetone 56.4 C 6 H O l z 4-Methyl-2- 115.9 Nonazeotrope v-1 157
pentanone *
1841 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 C H 0 3 6 Acetone 56.4 C H O 6 u Isopropyl 68.3 Nonazeotrope 334
ether
1842 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 C H 0 3 6 Acetone 56.4 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.7 Nonazeotrope v-1 296
1843 CHCI3 Chloroform 61 £*3Η 0 6 2 Ethyl 54.1 C H Br 3 7 2-Bromo- 59.4 61.97 79 5.3 15.7 195
formate propane
1844 CHCI3 Chloroform 61 C H 0 3 6 2 Methyl 57.1 C H Br 3 7 2-Bromo- 59.4 Nonazeotrope 195
acetate propane
1845 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 3
C H Br 7 2-Bromo­ 59.4 C H 0 4 8 2 Isopropyl 68.8 Nonazeotrope 195
propane formate
1846 C H C I 3 Chloroform 61 C H O3 e Isopropyl 82.3 C H 0 4 8 2-Butanone 79.6 Nonazeotrope 334
alcohol
1847 CH C1 2 2 Dichloro­ 40.0 CH Q 4 Methanol 64.7 C H
8 18°3 2-(2-Butoxy- 230.6 Nonazeotrope 334
methane ethoxy)
ethanol
1848 CH N0 3 2 Nitrometh- 101.2 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 C H
6 12 Cyclohexane 80.75 Nonazeotrope v-1 343
ane
f
1849 CH 4 Methane -161.5 C H 2 6 Ethane -88.6 C H 3 8 Propane -44 Nonazeotrope v-1 268
1850 C H 4 O Methanol 64.7 C H 02 6 Ethyl alcohol 78.3 C H 0 3 6 Acetone 56.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 7
1851 CH 0 4 Methanol 64.5 C H 03 6 Acetone 56.1 C H
3 6°2 Methyl 56.3 53.7 17.4 5.8 76.8 335
acetate
1852 C H 4 O Methanol 64.5 C H 03 6 Acetone 56.1 C Hi 6 4 Hexane 68.95 47 14.6 30.8 59.6 105
1853 CH Q 4 Methanol 64.5 C H
3 6°2 Methyl 56.3 C H 45
6 u Hexane 68.7 14 27 59 335
acetate

f
-200° to 50° F.
A-Component B-Component C - Component Azeotropic Data

B.P., B.P. B.P., B.P., Composition, Wt. %


No. Formula Name °C Formul Name °C. Formula Name °C. °C. A B C Ref.

1854 CH4O Methanol 64. 7 C3H9BO3 Trimethyl 68.7 C H 0 4 8 Tetrahydro­ 65 Nonazeotrope v-1 115
borate furan
1855 CH4O Methanol 64 7 C6H* Benzene 80.1 C
6 12 H Cyclohexane 80.75 Nonazeotrope v-1 223,362
E C H Ethane Nonazeotrope 137
1856 C2H2 Acetylene -84 C H 2 4 Ethylene -104 2 6 -88 v-1
1857 2
C H N 3 Acetonitrile 81 6 2
C H60 Ethyl alcohol 78.3 6
C H N 1 5 Triethyl- 89.7 70.1 34 8 58 335
amine
1858 C2H4CI2 1,2-Dichloro­ 83 45 3
C H 0 6 Acetone 56.4 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 Nonazeotrope v-1 35
ethane
1859 C2H4O2 Acetic acid 118 1 5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115.5 C H 7 1 ( Heptane 98.4 96.2 2 6.5 91.5 373
II 11 II 3.4 86.0 355
96.5 10.6
1860 C2H4O2 Acetic acid 118 1 5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115.5 CpH,, Ethyl­ 136.15 129.08 13.5 25.2 61.3 363
benzene
1861 C2H4O2 Acetic acid 118 1 5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115.5 C H £-Xylene 143.6 132.2 17.7 30.5 51.8 372
8 10
1862 C2H4O2 Acetic acid 118. 1 C5H5N Pyridine 115.5 CoHno Octane 125.75 115.7 10.4 20.1 69.5 355
1863 2
C H 0 4 2 Acetic acid 118. 1 5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115.5 Nonane 150.7 128.0 20.7 29.4 49.9 372
II 11
128.0 20.9 29.3 49.8 355
1864 Acetic acid 118. 1 5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115, C Decane 173.3 134.1 31.4 38.2 30.4 355
C2H4O2 10H22
1865 2
C H 0 4 2 Acetic acid 118. 1 5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115, C H Undecane 194.5 137.1 37.5 43.5 19.0 370
11 24
1866 C2H4O2 Acetic acid 118 1 6
C H N 7 2-Picoline 134 i,
C o_ H 18 Octane 125.75 121.3 3.6 24.8 71.6 369
1867 C 2H4O2 Acetic acid 118 1 6
C H N 7 2-Picoline 134 Nonane 150.7 135.0 12.8 38.4 48.8 369
C9H00
1868 C2H4O2 Acetic acid 118. 1 6
C H N 7 2-Picoline 134 C
Decane 173.3 141.3 19.9 46.8 33.3 369
10H22
1869 C2H4O2 Acetic acid 118 1 6
C H N 7 2-Picoline 134 C
Undecane 194.5 143.4 30.5 55.2 14.3 369
ll?24
1870 2
C H 0 4 2 Acetic acid 118. 1 CjHçN 2,6-Lutidine 144 0H1 Octane 125.75 Nonazeotrope 364
1871 Acetic acid 118. 1 C7H9N 2,6-Lutidine 144 Decane 173.3 147.0 12.6 74.3 13.1 323,364 >
C2H4O2 Ζ
II II ... v-1 358
II Ο
1872 2
C H 0 4 2 Acetic acid 118 1 CyHgN 2,6-Lutidine 144 C H n 2 4 194.5 162!θ 7δ!θ 13!δ 11.3 370
Undecane
1873 2
C H 0 4 2 Acetic acid 118 1 C
8 10H Ethyl­ 136.15 C H 9 2 0 150.7 Nonazeotrope 363
Nonane
benzene
1874 2
C H N0 5 2 Nitroethane 114 2 4
C H 0 8 2
p-Dioxane 101.3 C H 4 1 0 O Isobutyl 108 102.87 31.7 17.7 50.6 208
alcohol
1875 2
C H 0 6 Ethyl alcohol 78. 3 C 6 H 6
Benzene Methylcyclo- 72 Nonazeotrope 304
pentane
Cyclohexane 80.75 65.05 30.4 10.8 58.8 362
s
1876 2
C H 0 6 Ethyl alcohol 78 3 C
6 6 H
Benzene
1877 Ethyl alcohol 78 3 C 6 H 6
Benzene 80.1 C H 6 1 4 Hexane 68.95 Nonazeotrope 326 Η
1878 2
C H Q 6 Ethyl alcohol 78 3 C 6 H 6
Benzene 80.1 C H 7 1 4 Methylcyclo­ 100.88 Nonazeotrope 326 79
hexane •<

m
79
m
β-35°, 0°, 40° F.
TABLE II TERNARY SYSTEMS 69

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A-Component B-Component C-Component Azeotropic Data

B.P., B.P., B.P., B.P., Composition, Wt. %


No. Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. °C. A Β C Ref.

1900 4
C H 0 8 2
Butyric acid 162.45 C5H5N Pyridine 115.5 H Undecane 194.5 Nonazeotrope 370
Cll 24
1901 Ethyl 77.05 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 C H Cyclohexane 80.75 Nonazeotrope v-1 43,44
4
C H 0 8 2 6 12
acetate
113/17 CoHigClzSn Dibutyltin 157/17 Cj H 2 2 7 ClSn Tributyltin 166/17 Nonazeotrope 334
1902 4
C H Cl Sn 9 3 Butyltin
trichloride dichloride chloride
1903 C H 4 1 0 O Isobutyl 107.0 C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1 C H Cyclohexane 80.75 76.73 8 42 50 153,362
6 12
alcohol
1904 C H 4 1 0 O Butyl 117.7 4
C H N n Butylamine 77.8 C H N
Dibutyl- 159.6 Nonazeotrope 334
8 19
alcohol amine
117.75 5
C H N 5 Pyridine 115.5 C H 7 8 Toluene 110.7 108.7 11.9 20.7 67.4 140
1905 C H 4 1 0 O Butyl
alcohol
1906 C H 4 1 0 O Butyl 117.75 C H 6 6
Benzene 80.1 C
6 12 H Cyclohexane 80.75 77.42 4 48 48 362
alcohol
117.7 C H Butyl 126.1 C H 8 1 8 0 Butyl ether 142.1 Nonazeotrope 334
1907 C H 4 1 0 O Butyl 6 12°2
alcohol acetate
1908 C H 4 1 0 O 2 2-Ethoxy- 135.1 Styrene 145 C H Ethyl­ 136.15, Nonazeotrope v-1 110
C He8 8 10
II
ethanol benzene 5 mm.
It 62 m m . Nonazeotrope v-1 152
1909 2-Ethoxy- 135.1 C H
Ethyl­ 136.15 C H
Octane 125.75 Nonazeotrope v-1 227
8 10 8 18
ethanol benzene
1910 C H 0 5 4 2 2-Furalde- 161.7 C H 6 6
Benzene 80.1 C H Cyclohexane 80.75 Nonazeotrope v-1 331
6 12
hyde Nonazeotrope v-1 114
1911 C H 0 5 4 2 161.7 Toluene 110.7 C H
Methylcyclo­ 101.1
2-Fur alde­ 7 14
hyde hexane
1912 C H 0 5 4 2 2-Fur alde­ 161.7 Toluene 110.7 C H
Heptane 98.4 Nonazeotrope v-1 114
C H87 7 16
hyde 98.4 Nonazeotrope v-1 114
161.7 Methylcyclo­ 101.1 Η Heptane
1913 C H 0 5 4 2 C H £7 16
2-Fur alde­ 7 14
hyde hexane
1914 C H N 5 5 Pyridine 115.5 C H 5 1 2 0 Isoamyl 131 C H 7 8
Toluene 110.7 110.19 8.6 4.1 87.3 371
alcohol
1915 C5H5N Pyridine 115.5 C H Ethyl­ 136.15 C H 9 2 0 Nonane 150.7 Nonazeotrope 363
8 10
benzene
Benzene 80.1 H
Cyclohexane 80.75 C H 6 1 2 0 4-Methyl-2- 115.9 Nonazeotrope v-1 65
1916 C H
6 6 ^6 12
pentanone
1917 Benzene 80.1 C H 2 , 3 - D i m e t h y l ­- 89.8 C 1 2 F 2 7 N Perfluoro- Nonazeotrope v-1 190
C H 6 6 7 16
pentane tributyl-
amine —
m
Α-Component B-Component C-Component Azeotropic Data

B.P., B.P., B.P., B.P., Composition, Wt. %


No. Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. Formula Name °C. °C. A B C Ref.

Phenol 182 6
C H 1 0 O Cyclohexan­ 155.6 C H 6 l z O Cyclohexanol 160.65 Nonazeotrope v - -1 57
1918* 6
C H 06

one
182 ^6Η 1 0 Ο 4 Ethylene 186 8
C H 0 8 2 Phenyl 195.7 194.45 26.4 34.4 39.2 253
1919 6
C H 06 Phenol
diacetate acetate
1920 6
C H N7 Aniline 184.35 6
C H 1 2 0 Cyclohexanol 160.65 C H 6 1 3 N Cyclohexyl- Nonazeotrope v - -1 242
amine
j 110.7 C H 7 1 4 Methylcyclo­ 101.1 Evaporation data 297
1921 6
C H N7 Aniline 184.35 7
C H 8 Toluene
hexane
1922 6
C H N7 Aniline 184.35 7
C H 8 Toluene 110.7 C Hi7 6
Heptane 98.4 Nonazeotrope v - -1 138
k Ethyl­ 136.15 CeHi6 Ethylcyclo- 131.8 Nonazeotrope v - -1 271
1923 6
C Hi 02 4
Hexylene CeHio
glycol benzene hexane
1924 7
C H 08 x-Cresol 202 7
C H N 9 Pyridine 143 C
10 8H
Naphthalene 218.1 .202.48 81 9 10 367
bases
202 7
C H N 9 Pyridine 157 C H
Naphthalene 218.1 202.03 65.5 16.5 18 367
1925 7
C H 08 2£-Cresol 10 8
bases
202 7
C H N 9 Pyridine 163 H Naphthalene 218.1 202.39 62 17 21 367
1926 7
C H 08 2£-Cresol Cl0 8
bases

£
90 nm.
J 80° to 100° C.
k
400 ran.
Table III. Quaternary Systems

Azeotropic Data

Azeotropic Composition

No. Formula Name B.P.,°C. B.P./C. A Β C D Ref.

1927 A H 2 0 Water 100 Nonazeotrope 334


Β C 2 H N 3 Acetonitrile 81.6
C C 2 H 0 6 Ethyl alcohol 78.3
D C 6 H N 1 5 Triethylamine 89.7

1928 A H 0 2 Water 100 70 8.7 11.1 0.1 80.1 84


Β C H 02 6 Ethyl alcohol 78.3
C C H604 Crotonaldehyde 102.2
D C4H8O2 E t h y l acetate 77.1

1929 A H 0 2 Water 100 62.19 7.1 17.4 21.5 54.0 357


Β CzHéO Ethyl alcohol 78.3 62.14 6.1 19.2 20.4 54.3 322,361
C C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1
D Q H 1 2 Cyclohexane 80.75

1930 A H 0 2 Water 100 Nonazeotrope 326


Β C H 02 6 Ethyl alcohol 78.3
C Q H 6 Benzene 80.1
D C 6 H H Hexane 68.95

1931 A H 0 2 Water 100 Nonazeotrope 326


Β C H 02 6 Ethyl alcohol 78.3
C Benzene 80.1
D C H 7 1 4 Methylcyclohexane 100.88

1932 A H 0 2 Water 100 64.79 6.8 18.7 62.4 12.1 325


Β C H 02 6 Ethyl alcohol 78.3
C Q H 6 Benzene 80.1
D QrHi 6
Heptane 98.4

1933 A H 0 2 Water 100 64.69 6.7 17.7 61.4 14.1 325


Β C H 02 6 Ethyl alcohol 78.3
C C H 6 6 Benzene 80.1
D C
8 18 H Iso-octane
TABLE II TERNARY SYSTEMS 73

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Formula Index
T h i s index l i s t s a l l c o m p o u n d s a p p e a r i n g i n the a z e o t r o p i c t a b l e s . Included are
f o r m u l a , n a m e , s t a n d a r d b o i l i n g point, a n d n u m b e r s of the s y s t e m s i n w h i c h the
compound appears as a component. The inorganic substances are indexed f i r s t .

Formula N a m e and System Nos. Formula N a m e and S y s t e m Nos.

A Argon B.p., -186 Sulfur hexafluoride


1, 2 , 1 6 7 5 60
AsCl 3 Arsenic chloride F W 6 Tungsten hexafluoride
3 B . p . , 130 61, 62 B . p . , 19.5
Diborane B.p., -87.5 HNO3 Nitric acid B . p . , 86
5 6 3 , 64, 1680
BeF 2 B e r y l l i u m fluoride H 2 Hydrogen B.p., -252.7
4 5 3 , 54, 1676
BrF 3 Bromine trifluoride H 0 2 Water B . p . , 100
6-9 B . p . , 135 31, 63, 6 5 - 5 2 2 , 1679-
BrF 5 B r o m i n e pentafluoride 1832, 1927-1935
6 , 1 0 , 11 Hydrogen peroxide
H
2°2
Br 2 Bromine B . p . , 58.9 65 B . p . , 151.4
7, 1 2 - 2 0 H S 2 Hydrogen sulfide
B r 3 P Phosphorus tribromide B.p., -59.6
21 B . p . , 175.3 22, 523, 524
CO Carbon monoxide H S0 2 4
Hydrogen sulfate
1676 B.p., -192 66
CO 2 C a r b o n dioxide H N 3 Ammonia B.p., -33.4
22-26 B.p., -78.5 525-529
C1F 3 Chlorine trifluoride H 4 N 2 Hydrazine B . p . , 113.8
2 7 - 2 9 , 1677 67
C1H Hydrogen chloride He Helium B.p., -268.9
B.p., -85 530
27, 3 0 - 3 2 , 1678 N 2 Nitrogen B.p., -195.8
Cl 2 Chlorine B.p., -34.6 1675, 1676
3 0 , 33 N 0 2 N i t r o u s oxide
ci o s 2 2 Sulfuryl chloride 23 B.p., -90.7
34-37 B . p . , 69.1 N
2°5 N i t r o g e n pentoxide
CI3HS1 Trichlorosilane 68
38 o 2
Oxygen B.p., -183
CI3P Phosphorus trichloride 1, 1 6 7 5
39-44 B . p . , 76 o s 2
Sulfur dioxide B.p., -10
Cl Ge 4 Germanium chloride 5 3 1 , 1681
3 B . p . , 86.5 S Sulfur B . p . , 444.6
Cl Si 4 Silicon tetrachloride 532
4 5 , 46 B . p . , 57.6 Se Selenium B . p . , 688
Cl Sn 4 Tin chloride B . p . , 114.1 532
47, 48 CCI F 2 Dichlorodifluoromethane
Cl Ti 4 Titanium tetrachloride B.p., -29.8
49-51 B . p . , 146.2 57, 533-539
DH Deuterium hydride CCI3F Τ richlorofluoro methane
5 2 , 53 B.p., 24.9
D 2 Deuterium B.p., -249.7 5 4 0 , 541
5 2 , 54 CCI. Carbon tetrachloride
FH Hydrogen fluoride 4 B.p., 76.8
B.p., 19.4 14, 34, 4 7 ,
8, 1 0 , 1 2 , 2 8 , 3 3 , 5 5 - 5 9 , 542-556, 1833
1677, 1679 cs 2 Carbon disulfide
FNa Sodium fluoride B.p., 46.2
4 69, 557-561
F Sb5 Antimony pentafluoride CHC1F 2 Chlorodifluoromethane
55 B . p . , 142.7 B.p., -40.8
F 6 U U r a n i u m hexafluoride 58, 533, 5 6 2 - 5 6 7
B . p . , 56 CHC1„F Dichlorofluoromethane
9, 1 1 , 1 3 , 2 9 , 5 6 , 1 6 7 7 ζ B.p., 7.63/723 m m .
568

74
FORMULA INDEX 75

Formula Name and System Nos. Formula Name and System Nos.

CHCI3 Chloroform B . p . , 61.2 C ^ ^ l o , çis-l,2-Dichloroethylene


64, 70, 5 6 9 - 5 8 4 , 1 6 8 0 , B.p., 60.3
1682-1687, 1834-1846 607, 694-701
CH BrCl
2 Bromochloromethane C H C1
2 2 2 trans-1,2- Dichloro -
585 B . p . , 69 ethylene B . p . , 48.3
CH9CI2 Dichloromethane 608, 702-709
B.p., 40.7 C H C1 F
2 2 2 2 1,1-Dichloro-2,2-di-
585, 586, 1847 fluoroethane
CHoO, F o r m i c acid B . p . , 100.75 18 B . p . , 59/735 m m .
71, 5 6 9 , 5 8 7 - 5 8 9 , C2H2CI2F2 l,2-Dichloro-l,2-di-
1682, 1688, 1689, 1834 fluoroethane B . p . , 30
CH3CI Chloromethane B.p., -24 563
534 C H C1 0
2 2 2 Chloroacetyl chloride
CHoCloSi Trichloromethylsilane 50 B . p . , 105
45, 590 C H C1
2 2 4 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
CH3l Iodomethane B . p . , 42.55 3 6 , 51 B . p . , 146.2
557 C H C1
2 3 Vinyl chloride
CH3NO2 Nitromethane B . p . , 101.2 7 1 0 , 711 B . p . , 13.4
72, 5 9 1 - 6 0 2 , 1690, 1848 C H C1 N02
2 3 2 Methyl dichlorocar-
C H 4 Methane B . p . , -161.5 bamate
530, 6 0 3 , 604, 1849 77
CH Cl Si
4 2 Dichloromethylsilane C H C1
2 3 3 1,1,1-Trichloroethane
46, 605 712, 713 B . p . , 74.1
CH 0 4 Methanol B . p . , 64.7 C„H C1 3 3 1,1,2-Trichloroethane
32, 7 3 , 542, 570, 5 9 1 , B.p., 113.65
606-673, 1683, 1691- 68, 6 8 2 , 712
1698, 1835-1837, 1847, C H F 0
2 3 3 2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol
1849-1855 714
CH S 4 Methanethiol B . p . ,6.00 C H N
2 3 Acetonitrile B . p . , 80.1
674, 675 79, 544, 572, 592,
CH N 5 Methylamine B.p., -6 715-726, 1684,1 7 0 3 -
676, 677 1706, 1857, 1927
C2CIF5 Chloropentafluoroethane C H
2 4 Ethylene B . p . , -103.7
562, 678 B.p., -38.5 25, 6 9 1 , 727, 1856
C C1 F
2 2 4 1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoro- C H Br
2 4 2 1,2-D i b r omoethane
ethane 728, 729 B . p . , 131.5
B.p., 2.22/723 m m . C H C1
2 4 2 1,1-Dichloroethane
568, 606, 679 558, 713 B . p . , 57.2
C2CI3F3 1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoro- C H C1
2 4 2 1 , 2 - D i c h l o r o ethane
ethane B . p . , 47.6 B.p., 83.16
15, 74, 6 8 0 , 6 8 1 , 37, 80, 545, 6 0 9 ,
1691, 1699 686, 710, 715, 7 3 0 -
C C1
2 4 Tetrachloroethylene 735, 1707, 1708, 1858
B . p . , 121 C H F
2 4 2 1,1-Difluoroethane
75, 5 7 1 , 6 8 2 - 6 8 5 535, 678 B.p., -24.7
C C1 F
2 4 2 1,1,1,2-Tetrachlorodi- C H 02 4 Acetaldehyde B . p . , 20.2
fluoroethane B . p . , 91.6 540, 610, 736-742,
16 1681, 1709, 1710
C C1 F
2 4 2 1,1,2,2-Tetrachlorodi- C H 02 4 Ethylene oxide
fluoroethane B . p . , 92.4 743 B . p . , 10.5
680 C H 02 4 2 Acetic acid B . p . , 118.1
C C1 0
2 4 Trichloroacetyl chloride 81, 546, 573, 587, 6 1 1 ,
49 B . p . , 118 687, 744-768, 1685,
C2CI6 Hexachloroethane 1688, 1834, 1 8 5 9 -
35 B . p . , 184.8 1873, 1936, 1937
C HC1
2 3 Trichloroethylene C H 02 4 2 Methyl formate B . p . , 32
B.p., 86.2 541
543, 686-690, C H BrO
2 5 2 - B r o m o ethanol
1700-1702, 1833 B.p., 100/150 m m .
C HC1 F
2 3 2 1,2,2- T r i c h l o r o - 1 , 1 - d i ­ 82
fluoroethane C H C1
2 5 Chloroethane B . p . ,12.4
B.p., 71.1/736 m m . 736, 769
17 C H C10
2 5 2-Chloroethanol
C HF 0
2 3 2 Trifluoroacetic acid B.p., 128.7
5 9 , 76 83, 7 7 0 - 7 7 2 , 1711
C H
2 2 Acetylene B.p.,-84 CoHrNO Acetamide B . p . ,222
24, 6 9 1 - 6 9 3 , 1856 773
ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

Formula Name and System Nos. Formula Name andSystem Nos.

C H N0
2 5 2 Nitroethane P . p . , 114.0 C 3 H 4 Propyne B.p., -23.2
84, 7 7 4 - 7 8 0 , 1874 693, 924, 928-930,
C H
2 6 Ethane B.p., -88.6 1884-1886
26, 523, 6 0 3 , 6 9 2 , C3H4C14 Tetrachloropropane
727, 7 8 1 , 1849, 1856 931
CzHgO Ethyl alcohol B . p . , 78.3 C 3 H 4 0 Acrolein B . p . , 52.8
85, 547, 574, 593, 612, 93
681, 694, 702, 714, 744, C 3 H 4 0 2-Propyn-l-ol B . p . , 115
774, 782-866, 1686, 94, 932, 1742, 1743
1692, 1699, 1703, 1707, C 3 H 4 0 2 Acrylic acid B . p . , 141.2
1709, 1712-1738, 1838, 95, 933, 1744
1850, 1857,1875-1882, C 3 H 4 0 3 Ethylene carbonate
1927-1933, 1938, 1939 96, 868
C H 0
2 6 Methyl ether B.p., -23.7 C H C1
3 5 3-Chloro propene
531, 536, 612 97, 934 B.p., 45.15
C H OS
2 6 Dimethyl sulfoxide C H C1
3 5 x-Methylvinyl chloride
867 98
C H 0
2 6 2 Ethylene glycol B . p . , 197 C 3 H 5 C I O 2-Chloro-2-propen-l-ol
86, 8 6 8 - 8 9 3 , 1883 935
C H S
2 6 Methyl sulfide B . p . , 37.32 C 3 H 5 C I O Epichlorohydrin
894-899 936 B . p . , 116.45
C H S
2 6 2 Methyl disulfide C 3 H 5 C I 3 1,2,3- Trichloropropane
900-907 B . p . , 109.44 936 B . p . , 156.85
C H N
2 7 Dimethylamine B . p . , 7.4 C 3 H 5 F 2- F l u o r o p r o p e n e
908, 1739 527 B.p., -23
C ^ N Ethylamine B . p . , 16.6 C H N
3 5 Propionitrile B . p . , 97.4
525, 909, 910 923, 1741
C H NO
2 7 2- A m i n o ethanol C 3 H 5 N O Hydracrylonitrile
B.p., 170.5 99 B . p . , 229.7
87, 9 1 1 , 912 C
3 H
6 Propene B.p., -48
C H N2
2 8 1,1-Dimethylhydrazine 925, 928, 937, 1884
88 C
3 H
6 C 1
2 1,2- Dichloropropane
C H N
2 8 2 E t h y l e n e d i a m i n e B . p . , 116 B.p., 96.3
89, 913, 917, 1740 688, 730, 938,
C3CI3F5 1,2,2-Trichloropenta- 939, 1745
fluoropropane B . p . , 72.5 C H C1 0
3 6 2 2,3 - D i c h l o r o - l - p r o p a n o l
19 100 B . p . , 183.8
C F
3 6 Hexafluoropropene C 3 H 6 0 Acetone B . p . , 56.1
B.p., -6.1/2059 m m . 101, 548, 575, 594,
537, 564 615, 683, 695, 703,
C F
3 8 Perfluoropropane 711, 717, 782, 9 1 1 ,
B.p., 12.5/6.064 a t m . 940-957, 1713, 1746-
565 1752, 1835, 1 8 3 8 -
C 3 H F 5 O 2 Pentafluoropropionic acid 1842, 1850, 1 8 5 1 ,
90, 918 1852, 1858, 1887-1890
C HF
3 7 Heptafluoropropane C 3 H 6 0 Allyl alcohol B . p . , 96.90
B.p., 17/2328 m m . 102, 549, 9 5 8 - 9 6 3 ,
538 1700, 1753-1755, 1891
C H C1F C>2
3 2 3 3-Chloro-2,2,3-trifluoro- C 3 H 6 0 Propionaldehyde
propionic acid B.p., 47.9
919 103, 964, 965, 1693
C H F 0
3 2 4 2 2,2,3,3-Tetrafluoropro- C 3 H 6 0 Propylene oxide B . p . , 38
pionic acid 104, 737, 9 3 8 , 964, 966
920 C 3 H 6 0 2
1,3-Dioxolane B . p . , 75.6
C H ClF NO
3 3 3 3-Chloro-2,2,3-trifluoro- 105, 967-970
propionamide Ethyl formate B.p., 54.0
921 106, 577, 696, 704,
C H F NO
3 3 4 2,2,3,3-Tetrafluoropro- 971, 1714, 1843
pionamide ^3H 0 6 2
Methoxyacetaldehyde
922 B.p., 92/770 m m .
C H N 3 3 Acrylonitrile B . p . , 77.2 107
91, 614, 716, 923, 1712, C 3 H 6 0 2
M e t h y l acetate
1741 B . p . , 57.2
C H NS
3 3 Thiazole B . p . , 116.8 108, 576, 6 1 6 , 6 9 7 ,
92 705, 972-1001, 1694,
C H 3 4 Propadiene B.p., -32 1836, 1844, 1 8 5 1 ,
526, 924-927, 1 8 8 4 - 1853, 1887
1886
FORMULA INDEX 77

Formula N a m e and System Nos. Formula N a m e and System Nos.

C H 0
3 6 2
Propionic acid B.p., 140.7 C H ClSi
3 9
Chlorotrimethylsilane
745, 1002-1010, 590, 605
1756, 1892 C H N
3 9 Isopropylamine
1115 B . p . , 32.4
Methyl glycolate C H N
3 9 Propylamine B . p . , 48.5
1011, 1012 B . p . , 151.2 119
C H 0
3 6 3 s-Trioxane B . p . , 114.5 C H N
3 9 Trimethylamine
1013 120 B . p . , 3.2
C H Br
3 7 2- Bromopropane C H NO
3 9 1 - A m i n o - 2-propanol
B . p . , 59.35 B . p . , 159.9
578, 971, 972, 121, 1116-1119
1843-1845 C H
3 1 0 N 2 1,2-Propanediamine
C H C1
3 7 1 - Chloropropane 1 1 2 0 - 1 1 2 2 B . p . , 120.9
1 0 9 , 559 B . p . , 46.6 C C1 F
4 3 7 2,2,3- Trichlorohepta-
C H 7Cl
3
,
2- Chloropropane fluorobutane B . p . , 97.4
110, 934 B . p . , 34.9 1123-1125
C H C10
3 7 Propylene chlorohydrin C F
4 8
Perfluorocyclobutane
B.p., 73/100 m m . 539, 567
1014, 1745 C HF 0
4 7 2
Perfluorobutyric acid
C H NO
3 7 Ν,Ν - D i m e t h y l f o r m a m i d e B . p . , 122.0
B . p . , 153.0 122, 1126-1128, 1679
111, 588, 718, C H 04 2 3 Maleic anhydride
919-922, 1015 1129, 1130
C H NO
3 7 Propionamide B . p . , 222.1 C H 4 4 Vinylacetylene
1016-1018 1131
C H N0 3 7 2 1 - Nitropropane C H 04 4 2
Diketene
B . p . , 131.6 941, 1132
112, 617, 783, C H S4 4
Thiophene B . p . , 83.97
1019-1024 1133-1142
C H N0 3 7 2 2-Nitropropane C^sCl 2 - C h l o r o -1,3 -butadiene
B . p . , 120.3 1131, 1143, 1144
113, 618, 784, C H N4 5 3-Butenenitrile
1025-1030 123 B . p . , 118.9
C H 3 8 Propane B . p . , -42.1 C ^ N Methacrylonitrile
524, 566, 604, 926, 124
929, 937, 1849, 1885 C Hg 4
1,3-Butadiene B.p., -4.5
C H 0 3 8 Isopropyl alcohol 676, 927, 930, 1886
B . p . , 82.5 C H C1N
4 6 2-Chloro - 2- methylpro-
115, 595, 684, 731, 775, pionitrile B . p . , 116
785, 940, 958, 1019, 125
1025, 1031-1059, 1690, C H C1
4 6 2
1,3-Dichloro-2-butene
1695, 1702, 1708, 1746, 1143
1757-1766, 1846, 1888, C H 0 4 6 Crotonaldehyde
1893-1895, 1934 B . p . , 101.5
C H 0 3 8 P r o p y l alcohol B . p . , 97.25 126, 1715, 1779, 1928
114, 550, 596, 746, 776, C H 0 4 6 Methacrylaldehyde
1020, 1026, 1060-1072, 127 B . p . , 68.0
1701, 1 7 6 7 - 1 7 7 4 , 1896 C H 0 4 6 3-Butene-2-one
C H OS 3 8 2- ( M e t h y l t h i o ) e t h a n o l 1144
1073 C H 0 4 6 2 2,3-Butanedione
C H 0 3 8 2 2 - Methoxyethanol 1145 B . p . , 90.7
B . p . , 124.5 C H 0 4 6 2 3-Butenoic acid
116, 619, 1 0 7 4 - 1 0 9 4 , 128
1 7 7 5 - 1 7 7 7 , 1897, 1898 C H 0 4 6 2 Butyrolactone
C
3 8°2 H Methylal B . p . , 42.6 131 B . p . , 204.3
6 9 8 , 706 C H 0 4 6 2 Crotonic acid B . p . , 185
C H 0 3 8 2 1,2-Propanediol B . p . , 188 129, 130
117, 939, 1095- C H 0 4 6 2 Methyl acrylate
1106, 1778 1696 B . p . , 80.9
C
3 8°2 H 1,3-Propanediol B . p . , 214 C H 0 4 6 2 V i n y l acetate B . p . , 72.7
118, 1107 132, 621, 738, 942,
C3HgS Ethyl methyl sulfide 1031, 1146-1149, 1747
1108-1113 B . p . , 66.61 C H 0 4 6 3 Acetic anhydride
C3H S 8 1-Propanediol B . p . , 67 B . p . , 138
1060, 1767 747, 1002, 1 1 5 0 - 1 1 5 2
C H BO 3 9 s T r i m e t h y l borate C H 0 4 6 3 Propylene carbonate
B . p . , 68.7 133 B . p . , 242.1
620, 1114, 1854
78 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

Formula Name andSystem Nos. Formula Name andSystem Nos.

C H C1
4 7 1 - Chloro-2-methylpropene 4C H 0 8 2 Methyl propionate
943 B . p . , 68 B . p . , 79.7
C 4 H 7 C I O 2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether 151, 626, 1034,
B . p . , 109.1 1697, 1756
134, 7 7 0 , 1153 4C He0 2 Propyl formate B . p . , 80.9
C 4 H 7 N Butyronitrile B . p . , 117.6 1195
135 4C H 0 8 2 2 - V i n y l o x y ethanol
C H NO
4 7 2- H y d r o x y i s o b u t y r o n i t r i l e 152, 870 B . p . , 143
136 4C H 0 8 3 Ethylene glycol mono-
C4ÏÎ8 1-Butene B . p . ,-6 acetate
677 871
2-Methylpropene B . p . ,-6 4C H S 8
Tetrahydrothiophene
674 1196-1202 B . p . , 120.79
C HeCl 0
4 2 Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether 4C H C1 9 1-Chlorobutane B . p . , 77.9
B.p., 178.6 1203
137, 732, 7 7 1 , 8 6 9 , 4C H C1 9
1 - Chloro- 2- methylpropane
1154-1156 1035, 1158 B . p . , 68.9
C H 0 4 8 2-Butanone B . p . , 79.6 C H C l S n
4 9 3 Butyltin trichloride
138, 5 5 1 , 579, 622, 689, B.p., 113/17 m m .
699, 707, 786, 944, 1204, 1902
1145, 1157-1169, 1687, 4C H NO 9
N,N-Dimethylacetamide
1716, 1748, 1757, 1 7 8 0 - 750 B . p . , 165
1782, 1833, 1837, 1839, 4C H NO 9 Morpholine B . p . , 128.3
1846, 1899 153, 1206, 1207
C H 0 4 8 Butyraldehyde B . p . , 75.7 4C H N02 9
N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)
139, 6 2 3 , 787, 1 1 7 0 - acetamide
1176, 1717, 1749, 154
1783-1786 C H N0
4 9 3
2- M e t h y l - 2 - n i t r o - 1 -
C4H 0 8 Ethyl vinyl ether propanol
B.p., 35.5 1208
140, 739, 788, 1718 4C Hio Butane B.p., -0.5
C4H 0 8 Isobutyr aldehyde 528, 679, 740, 7 4 3 , 769
141, 1170 B.p., 63.5 4C H 1 0 2- Methylpropane
C H O 4 e Methyl propenyl ether 675, 1698 B . p . , -11.70
142 B.p., 46.3 4C HioO Butyl alcohol B . p . , 117.75
C H 0 4 8 Tetrahydrofuran 155, 553, 597, 627, 685,
B . p . , 66.1 751, 777, 791, 914,
624, 700, 708, 1021, 1027, 1120, 1146,
1114, 1854 1180, 1203, 1209-1231,
C H OS 4 8 2-(Methylthio)propional- 1787-1799, 1904-1907,
dehyde 1935
143 C Hi O
4 0 sec-Butyl alcohol
C H OS 4 8 1,4-Oxathiane B . p . , 149.2 B.p., 99.5
144 156, 598, 778, 792,
C H 0 4 8 2 Butyric acid B . p . , 162.45 1022, 1028, 1159, 1209,
1171, 1177-1179, 1900 1232-1237, 1787, 1800-
C H 0 4 8 2 p-Dioxane B . p . , 101 1807
145, 748, 772, 789, 9 1 3 , C H O
4 1 0 tert-Butyl alcohol
1032, 1180-1184, 1874 B . p . , 82.41
C H 0 4 8 2 Ethoxyacetaldehyde 599, 779, 1 0 2 3 ,
146 B . p . , 105 1029, 1800
E t h y l acetate B . p . , 77.05 C H O Ethyl ether B . p . , 34.5
C
4 8°2 H
4 1 0

552, 560, 6 2 5 , 690, 749, 5, 1 5 7 , 5 6 1 , 5 8 1 , 7 4 1 ,


790, 1033, 1061, 1 1 8 5 - 966, 1036, 1211, 1239
1191, 1893, 1901, 1928 C HioO
4 Isobutyl alcohol B . p . , 107
C H 0 4 8 2 2 - Hydroxybutyr aldehyde 158, 6 0 0 , 780, 9 1 5 ,
147 1024, 1030, 1121, 1172,
Isobutyric acid 1181, 1185, 1210, 1238,
C H
8°2
1783, 1808, 1874, 1903
4

B.p., 154.5
148, 1192-1194 C H O
4 1 0 2
1,4-Butanediol B . p . , 230
C H 0 4 8 2 Isopropyl formate 1241
B.p., 68.8 C H O
4 1 0 2 1,1 - D i m e t h o x y e t h a n e
580, 1157, 1845 1173, 1784 B.p., 64.5
C H 0 4 8 2 3- M e t h o x y p r o p i o n a l d e h y d e
C
4 10°2
H 1,2-Dimethoxyethane
149 159, 1240 B . p . , 85.2
C
4 8°2 H 2 - Methyl - 1 , 3 - dioxolane
150 B.p., 82.5
FORMULA INDEX 79

Formula Name and System N o s . Formula Name and System Nos.

C H 4 1 0 O 2 2-Ethoxyethanol C H C10
5 7 2- C h l o r o a l l y l v i n y l ether
B.p., 134.0 935
160, 7 9 3 , 1186, C H N5 7 3- M e t h y l - 3 - b u t e n e n i t r i l e
1242-1277, 1809,1810, 170 B . p . , 137
1908, 1909 C H 5 8 Cyclopentene B . p . , 44.4
C H 4 1 0 O3 Diethylene glycol 974
B . p . , 245.5 CsH 8 Isoprene B . p . , 34.3
161, 1154, 1278-1298 629, 1361-1365
C H 4 1 0 S 1- Butane thiol C
5 8 H 3- Methyl -1,2-butadiene
B.p., 98/770 m m . 630 B.p., 40.8
1212, 1788 C
5 8 H cis-1,3- Pentadiene
C4H10S 2-Butanethiol B . p . , 85.15 631 B . p . , 44
1133, 1299 C H 5 8 trans-1,3- Pentadiene
C Hi S
4 0 Ethyl sulfide B . p . , 92.07 632 B.p., 42.0
1300-1308 C5H8CI4 Tetrachloropentane
C H 4 1 0 S Isopropyl methyl sulfide 931, 1366
B . p . , 84.76 CsH 0 8 A l l y l vinyl ether
1134, 1299, 1309-1316 171, 959 B . p . , 67.4
C H 4 1 0 S Methyl propyl sulfide C H 0 5 8 Cyclopentanone B . p . ,130
1317-1324 B . p . , 95.47 172, 1367-1369
C4H10S2 Ethyl disulfide C H 0 5 8 1- M e t h o x y - 1 , 3 - b u t a d i e n e
B . p . , 154.11 173, 633 B . p . , 90.7
1325, 1326 C H 0 5 8 3- Penten-2-one
C4H11N Butylamine B . p . , 77.8 174 B.p., 123.5
162, 794, 1037, 1213, C HeO5 3 - M e t h y l - 3-buten-2 - one
1719, 1758, 1789, 1811, 175 B . p . , 97.9
1904 c i^o5 4- P e n t e n a l B . p . ,106
C 4 H U N Diethylamine B . p . , 55.5 176
163, 628, 795, 909, C He0 5 2 A l l y l acetate B . p . , 104.1
1327, 1328, 1704, 1812 177, 960
C H 4 1 1 NO 2-Dimethylaminoethanol Ο 2 3.3- D i m e t hoxypropyne
B.p., 134.6 1742 B.p., I l l
164, 9 0 8 , 1739 CsH 0 8 2 Ethyl acrylate B . p . , 99.5
C 4 H n N 0 2 2,2'-Iminodiethanol 178, 796, 933, 1370,
165, 910, 912, 1329 1720, 1744, 1819
C C1 F
5 2 6 1,2-D i c h l o r o h e x a f l u o r o - (
^5 8 - 2 H ( ) Isopropenyl acetate
cyclopentene B . p . , 90.6 B.p., 97.4
1123, 1330 179, 945, 1150, 1373
C F 5 1 0 Perfluorocyclopentane C H 0 5 8 2 Methyl methacrylate
B.p., 25/833 m m . B.p., 100.8
61, 1331, 1332 180, 1215, 1242,
C F 5 1 2 Perfluoropentane 1371, 1372
B.p., 40.86/1140 m m . C
5 8°2 H 2.4- Pentanedione (acetyl
2, 6 0 , 6 2 , 1331 acetone) B . p . , 140.6
C H F 0 5 4 8 2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5-Octafluoro- 181, 1373
1-pentanol CsH 0 8 2
Δ - Valerolactone
1333, 1334 182
C H 0 5 4 2 2-Furaldehyde B . p . , 162 V i n y l propionate
166, 554, 1187, 183 B . p . , 95.0
1335-1339, 1910-1913 ^5^8^ 3 Methyl acetoacetate
C5H5N Pyridine B . p . , 115.5 1192 B . p . , 171.7
167, 589, 752, 1003, C
5 10 H Cyclopentane B . p . , 49.35
1177, 1214, 1340-1349, 894, 975, 1374, 1375
1678, 1689, 1813-1818, C
5 10 H 2- M e t h y l -1 - butene
1859-1865, 1892, 1900, B.p., 31.10
1905, 1914, 1915, 1936, 635, 797, 896, 1362
1937 5 «10 3- M e t h y l -1 - butene
C H N 5 6 2 2-Methyl pyrazine B.p., 21.2
168 B . p . , 133/737 m m . 634, 1 3 6 1 , 1376
C H 0 2-Methylfuran B . p . , 63 2-Methyl-2-butene
5 6
'5 10 Π

169, 965, 973, 1160 B . p . , 38.60


C H 0 5 6 2 Furfuryl alcohol 636, 895, 1363, 1377
1335 1-Pentene B . p . , 29.92
C H S 5 6 2-Methylthiophene 637, 946, 976
B . p . , 111.92 cis-2-Pentene B . p . , 37.1
900, 1350-1353 638
C H S 5 6 3-Methylthiophene ^5 H
π£ΐ ο 2 2
Bis( 2- chloroethoxy )
1354-1360 B . p . , 114.96 methane B . p . , 218.1
184
80 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

Formula Name and System Nos. Formula Name and System Nos.

C H
5 1 0 N 2 3-Dimethylaminopro- C Hi N
5 2 2 1 - Methylpiperazine
pionitrile B . p . , 174.5 206 B . p . , 138.0
185 C 5 H 1 2 O Active amyl alcohol
C 5 H 1 0 O c i s - l - B u t e n y l methyl B.p., 128.5
ether B . p . , 72.0 1333, 1367, 1398-1411
186, 1721 C H 5 1 2 0 A m y l alcohol B . p . , 137.9
C 5 H 1 0 O trans-1-Butenyl methyl 643, 801, 1 3 9 2 -
ether B . p . , 76.7 1397, 1821
187 C H 5 1 2 0 Butyl methyl ether
^ 5 ^ 1 0 ^ Ethyl isopropenyl ether 802, 1724 B . p . , 70.3
188 B . p . , 61.9 C H 5 1 2 0 Isoamyl alcohol
C H
5 1 0 O Isopropyl vinyl ether B . p . , 131.85
B . p . , 55.7 1153, 1334, 1368,
189, 798, 1038 1398, 1412-1426,
C H
5 1 0 O 3-Methyl-2-butanone 1725, 1822, 1914
1378, 1379 B . p . , 95.4 C H 5 1 2 0 2- M e t h y l - 1 -butanol
C H
5 1 0 O 2-Pentanone B . p . , 102.2 B . p . , 128.9
639, 799, 1039, 1369, 1427, 1428
1380, 1820 C H 5 1 2 0 2 - M e t h y l - 2- butanol
C H
5 1 0 O 3-Pentanone B . p . , 102 1429,1430 B . p . , 101.7
1062, 1381-1384, 1768 C H 5 1 2 0 3- P e n t a n o l B . p . , 115.6
C 5 H 1 0 O P r o p y l vinyl ether 1341
B . p . , 65.1 CsHi 0 2 2 1,2 - D i m e t h o x y p r o p a n e
190, 800, 1722 207 B . p . , 92
C H
5 1 0 O Tetrahydropyran B . p . , 88 C
5 12°2 H 2,2- Dimethoxypropane
191 644, 803 B . p . , 80
C5H10O Valeraldehyde B.p., 103.3 C
5 12°2 H 1 -Ethoxy-2-propanol
192, 193 208 B . p . , 132.2
C 5 H 1 0 O S 2-Methylthioethyl vinyl ^5Η 1 2 0 2 3-Methoxy-1 - butanol
ether 209 B . p . , 161.1
1073 C
5 12°2 H 1,5-Pentanediol
C H
5 1 0 O 2 Ethyl propionate 210 B . p . , 242.5
194 B . p . , 99.1 C
5 12°2 H 2 - Propoxyethanol
C H
5 1 0 O 2 Isopropyl acetate 211 B . p . , 151.5
B . p . , 88.7 C
5 12°3 H
2- (2- M e t h o x y ethoxy)
640, 753, 947, ethanol B . p . , 194.2
1151, 1385, 1723, 1750, 872, 1278, 1431-1454
1759, 1888, 1894 ^5H 1 2 S E t h y l isopropyl sulfide
C H
5 1 0 O 2 3-Methoxybutyraldehyde 901 B . p . , 107.22
195 B . p . , 131 CsH 1 2 S 3 - M e t h y l -1 - but anet h i o l
C H
5 1 0 O 2 P r o p y l acetate B . p . , 101.6 1412, 1822 B . p . , 116
196, 1063, 1243, 1769 C H 5 1 3 N N - Methylbutylamine
C5Hio0 2 Valeric acid B . p . ,187 212 B . p . , 91.1
197, 198, 1386 C Hi NO
5 3
1-Ethylamino-2-propanol
C5Hio0 2 3-Vinyloxy-l-propanol 213 B . p . , 159.4
200, 1095, 1107 C H 5 1 4 N 2
N,N-Dimethyl-1,3-pro-
C H
5 1 0 O 2 1-Vinyloxy-2-propanol panediamine B . p . , 1349
199 214
C 5 H 1 0 O 3 3-Ethoxypropionic acid CgFizO Perfluorocyclic ether
201 B . p . , 219.2 1455
C H 5 1 0 O 3 3-Methoxybutyric acid C F 6 1 4 Perfluorohexane
202 918, 1332, 1455, 1456,
C H 5 1 0 O 3 Methoxymethyl propionate 1457
203 C
6 3 H C 1
3 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
C 5 H 1 1 N Piperidine B . p . , 106 1458 B . p . , 213
1340 C6H C1 4 2
o-Dichlorobenzene
C H 5 n N O N,N-Dimethylpropion- 1459, 1460 B . p . , 179
amide B . p . , 175.5 C H Br 6 5
Bromobenzene B . p . , 156.1
1004 1461
C 5 H 1 1 N O 4-Methylmorpholine C H C1
6 5 Chlorobenzene B . p . , 131
204 B . p . , 115.6 1064, 1116, 1399,
C H 5 1 2 2-Methylbutane 1413, 1462, 1463, 1889
B . p . , 27.90 C H F 6 5 Fluorobenzene B . p . , 84.9
641, 897, 1364, 1376 1464
C H 5 1 2 Pentane B . p . , 36.15 C H FO 6 5 o-Fluorophenol
205, 642, 719, 754, 1400, 1414
898, 948, 977, 1365, C H N0 6 5 2 Nitrobenzene
1377, 1387-1391 1465 B . p . , 210.85
INDEX 81

N a m e and System Nos. Formula N a m e and System Nos.

Benzene 3 . p . , 80.1 C H 6 1 0 O 2-Ethylcrotonaldehyde


38, 555, 601, 645, 720, 226, 1779 B . p . , 135.3
733, 804, 867, 916, 932, C Hi O 6 0 2-Hexenal B . p . , 149
949, 978, 1015, 1040, 227
1065, 1074, 1096, 1135, CÔHIOO M e s i t y l oxide B . p . , 129.5
1161, 1182, 1188, 1216, 1044, 1174, 1402,
1238, 1279, 1300, 1336, 1416, 1507-1511
1374, 1387, 1392, 1429, C HioO 6 2-Methylcyclopentanone
1464, 1466-1479, 1711, 1393 B . p . , 138
1740, 1743, 1760, 1770, C HioO 6 2 - Methyl - 2- pentenal
1775, 1780, 1801, 1820, 229 B . p . , 138.7
1823, 1848, 1855, 1858, C HioO 6 5- P e n t e n - 2 - o n e
1875-1879, 1889, 1890, 228 B . p . , 128.9
1895-1897, 1899, 1901, Ethyl crotonate
C
6 10°2 H

1903, 1906, 1910, 1916, 230 B . p . , 137.8


1917, 1929-1933, 1938 C
6 10°2 H Vinyl butyrate
Phenol B . p . , 182 231 B . p . , 116.7
1162, 1480-1488, ^6Ηι Ο 0 2
Vinyl isobutyrate
1918, 1919 232 B . p . , 105.4
Pyrocatechol B . p . , 245.9 ^6Ηι Ο 0 4
Ethylene, diacetate
1489 B . p . , 186
Aniline B . p . , 184.35 233, 1481, 1919
215, 805, 873, C H N 6 n
Diallylamine B . p . , 110.5
1490-1498, 1880, 1881, 234
1920-1922, 1939 C H NO 6 n 6- C a p r o l a c t a m
2- P i c o l i n e B . p . , 134 235
721, 755, 1401, 1415, C H N0 6 n 3 2-Methyl-2-nitropropyl
1499-1501, 1824, vinyl ether
1966-1869 236, 1208
3- P i c o l i n e B . p . , 144.1 C Hi 6 2
Cyclohexane B . p . , 80.6
216, 1502 39, 237, 602, 650, 734,
4- P i c o l i n e B . p . , 144.3 810, 950, 961, 981,
217 1013, 1045, 1066, 1075,
1.3- C y c l o h e x a d i e n e 1108, 1136, 1147, 1164,
979 B . p . , 80.25 1189, 1217, 1301, 1309,
Aniline hydrochloride 1337, 1378, 1380, 1388,
1503 1465, 1466, 1512-1519,
2-Amino-3-methyl pyridine 1726, 1771, 1776, 1781,
1504, 1505 B . p . , 221 1848, 1855, 1876, 1890,
2,5-Dimethylpyrazine 1893, 1895-1897, 1899,
B.p., 154/742 m m . 1901, 1903, 1906, 1910,
218 1916, 1929
2,5- D i m e t h y l f u r a n C
6 12 H 2,3-Dimethyl-1 -butene
B . p . , 93.3 982 B . p . , 55.62
219, 646, 1163, 1385 C
6 12 H 2,3-Dimethyl-2-butene
2.4- Hexadienal B . p . , 171 983 B . p . , 73.38
220 C
6 12 H 3,3-Dimethyl-1 -butene
1,3-Butadienyl acetate 984 B . p . , 41.4
221 B . p . , 138.5 C
6 12 H 2-Ethyl-1-butene
V i n y l crotonate 811, 985 B . p . , 64.95
222 B . p . , 133.9 1-Hexene B . p . , 63.49
3,3'-Iminodipropionitrile 812, 986, 1109
223 cis-2-Hexene B . p . , 68.8
Cyclohexene B . p . , 83.1 813, 987
980 C
6 12 H cis-3-Hexene B . p . , 66.4
2- E t h y l - 1 , 3 - b u t a d i e n e 6 5 1 , 814
224 B . p . , 66.9 C H 6 1 2 Methylcyclopentane
1.3- H e x a d i e n e B . p . , 72.9 B . p . , 71.8
6 4 7 , 806, 1041 815, 951, 991, 1110,
2.4- Hexadiene B . p . , 82 1137, 1310, 1389, 1467,
648, 807, 1042 1520, 1521, 1875, 1938
3- M e t h y l c y c l o p e n t e n e C
6 12 H c i s - 3- M e t h y l - 2 - pentene
808 B . p . , 64.9 816, 988 B . p . , 70.52
3 - Methyl - 1 , 3 - pentadiene C
6 12 H t r a n s - 3 - M e t h y l - 2 - pentene
B . p . , 77 817 B . p . , 67.6
649, 809, 1043 C
6 12 H 4 - M e t h y l -1 - pentene
Cyclohexanone B . p . , 155.6 989 B . p . , 54.0
225, 1480, 1506, C Hi 6 2 4-Methyl-2-pentene
1825, 1918 238, 818 B . p . , 56.7
82 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

Formula Name andSystem Nos. Formula Name andSystem Nos.

C Hi2 6
t r a n s - 4- M e t h y l - 2 - pentene C O H 1:203 2-Ethoxyethyl acetate
990 B . p . , 58.4 B.p., 156.2
C
6 12 H 1,1,2- T r i m e t h y l c y c l o p r o - 255, 1534, 1829
pane B . p . , 52.6 C H
6 1 2 0 3 Methyl 3-ethoxypropionate
952 256
C Hi Cl 0
6 2 2 Bis(chloroisopropyl)ether C H
6 1 2 0 3 Paraldehyde B . p . , 124
239, 1014 B . p . , 187.0 821, 1499, 1535,
1,2 - B i s ( 2 - c h l o r o e t h o x y ) 1536, 1710, 1824
C
6 12 H C 1
2°2
ethane B . p . , 240.9 C Hi 0
6 2 3 2-(2-Vinyloxyethoxy)-
240 ethanol
C Hi 0 6 2
Butyl vinyl ether 257, 1280
B.p., 94.2 C Hi Cl
6 3 1-Chlorohexane
241, 652, 819, 258 B.p., 134.5
1218, 1790 C Hi N
6 3 Cyclohexylamine
C Hi 0 6 2 Cyclohexanol B . p . , 160.55 B.p., 124.5
242, 1461, 1482, 1490, 259, 1491, 1514, 1920
1506, 1512, 1522, 1523, C H
6 1 3 N Hexamethyleneimine
1825, 1918, 1920 260 B . p . , 138
C Hi 0 6 2 2- Ethylbutyraldehyde C6H13NO N,N-Dimethylbutyramide
243 B . p . , 116.7 B.p., 124.5/100 m m .
C Hi 0 6 2 2-Hexanone B . p . , 127.2 1178
1772 C H
6 1 3 NO 2,6-Dimethylmorpholine
C H 6 1 2 0 Hexanal B . p . , 128.3 261 B . p . , 146.6
245, 1219 C H 6 1 3 NO 4-Ethylmorpholine
C H 6 l z O Isobutyl vinyl ether 262 B . p . , 138.3
B.p., 83.4 C Hi N0
6 3 2 4-Morpholineethanol
244, 820, 1727 263 B . p . , 225.5
C H 6 1 2 0 2- Methylvaleraldehyde Co 14 H
2,2-Dimethylbutane
B.p., 118.3 B.p., 49.74
246, 1067, 1773 586, 654, 8 9 9 ,
C H 6 1 2 0 4 - M e t h y l - 2- pentanone 992, 1375
B.p., 116.2 C H 6 1 4 2,3-Dimethylbutane
582, 6 5 3 , 9 5 3 , 1046, B.p., 58.05
1468, 1513, 1524, 1525, 955, 993, 1111, 1165
1761, 1840, 1916 C H 6 1 4 Hexane B . p . , 68.60
C Hi OS 6 2 2-Ethylthioethyl vinyl 40, 264, 657, 756, 822,
ether B . p . , 169.7 956, 962, 994, 1005,
247 1112, 1115, 1138, 1166,
C Hi 0 6 2 2 Butyl acetate B . p . , 126.2 1175, 1195, 1221, 1456,
583, 954, 1190, 1220, 1462, 1469, 1492, 1515,
1232, 1244, 1526-1528, 1520, 1537-1539, 1728,
1785, 1791, 1826, 1827, 1753, 1782, 1786, 1792,
1907, 1935 1852, 1853, 1877, 1887,
Cô i2°2 H s e c - B u t y l acetate 1930, 1938
B.p., 112.3 C H 6 1 4 2-Methylpentane
1233, 1526, 1802, B.p., 60.27
1826, 1828, 1906 655, 823, 995
C Hi 0 6 2 2 2-Ethylbutyric acid C H 6 1 4 3-Methylpentane
248 B . p . , 194.2 565, 996 B . p . , 63.28
C Hi 0 6 2 2 2-Ethyl - 2- methyl -1,3- C6H14N2 2,5-Dimethylpiperazine
dioxolane B . p . , 117.6 B.p., 164
251 265, 1245, 1394
C6Hi Q 2 2 Hexanoic acid C H 6 1 4 N 0 2 4-(2-Aminoethyl)morpho-
B.p., 205.15 line B . p . , 204.7
249, 1529, 1530 266
C Hi 0 6 2 2 4- H y d r o x y - 4- methyl - 2 - C Hi N 0 6 4 2 1-Piperazineethanol
pentanone (diacetone 267 B . p . , 246.3
alcohol) B . p . , 161 C H 6 1 4 0 Isopropyl propyl ether
250, 1508 1732
C Hi 0 6 2 2 2-Methylpentanoic acid C Hi 0 6 4 Butyl ethyl ether
252 B . p . , 196.4 B.p., 92.2
C
6 12°2 H Tetrahydropyran-2- 268, 658, 824,
methanol B . p . , 187.2 1729, 1762
254 C H 6 1 4 0 2-Ethyl-1 -butanol
QH12O2 4-Vinyloxy-1 -butanol B.p., 147.0
253, 1241 269, 1 5 4 0 , 1541
C6Hi 0 S 2 2 2,4- D i m e t h y l suif olane C H 6 1 4 0 Ethyl isobutyl ether
1532, 1533 1730 B . p . , 79
FORMULA INDEX 83

Formula Name and System Nos. Formula Name and System Nos.

C 6 H u O Hexyl alcohol B . p . , 157.85 C6H15NO 2-Diethylaminoethanol


270, 874, 1542, 1323 289, 1328 B . p . , 162.1
C HuO 6 Isopropyl ether B . p . , 68.0 C Hi5NO
6 1-Isopropylamino-2-pro­
271, 701, 709, 742, 757, panol B . p . , 164.5
825, 963, 1152, 1183, 290
1327, 1370, 1543, 1705, C H
6 1 5 N0 2 1,1'-Iminodi-2-propanol
1731, 1751, 1763, 1812, B.p., 185/100 m m .
1819, 1830, 1841, 1891, 1117, 1569
1894 C H
6 1 5 NO 3 2,2 ' , 2 " - N i t r i l o t r i e t h a n o l
C 6 H u O 2- M e t h y l - 1 -pentanol 1329
272 B . p . , 148 C6H15N3 4-(2-Aminoethyl)pipera-
C Hi 0 6 4 4-Methyl-2-pentanol zine B . p . , 222.0
273, 1544 B . p . , 131.8 291
C H 6 l 4 OS 2-Butylthio ethanol C H
6 1 6 N 2 N,N-Diethylethylenedi-
1545 amine B . p . , 144.9
COHUQS 2-Butoxy ethanol 292
B.p., 171.2 C H
6 1 6 N 2 Ν,Ν,Ν',Ν'-Tetramethyl-
1191, 1222, 1527, ethylenediamine
1546-1557 293 B . p . , 119
C H 6 l 4 0 2 1,1 - D i e t h o x y e t h a n e CôHioOSi l-(Trimethylsiloxy) propane
274 B . p . , 102.1 B.p., 100.3/735 m m .
C H 6 l 4 0 2 1,2 - D i e t h o x y e t h a n e 1068
826, 1543 B . p . , 121.1 C7FH Perfluoro(methylcyclo-
C H 6 1 4 0 2 1,1-Dimethoxybutane hexane) B . p . , 73-78
B . p . , 114 1470
275, 659, 1176 C7F16 Perfluoroheptane B . p . , 83
C Hi 0 6 4 2 2,2-Dimethoxybutane 371, 1390, 1471,
660 B.p., 106-7 1537, 1570-1573
0$Ηι Ο 4 2 1,3-Dimethoxybutane C H
7 n C 7 Hydrocarbons
276 B . p , 120.3
; B.p., 95-120
C H 6 l 4 0 2 1,1-Dimethoxy-2-methyl­ 1417, 1427
propane B . p . , 104.7 C7H5F3 α, a, a - T r i f l u o r o t o l u e n e
277 20 B . p . , 103.9
C Hi 0 6 4 2 Hexylene glycol C7H60 2 Benzoic acid
1558, 1559, 1923 1574
CÔHI 0 4 2 2-Methyl-1,5-pentane diol C7H7F o-Fluorotoluene B . p . , 114
278 B . p . , 242.4 1403, 1418
C Hi 0
6 4 2 3-Methyl-l,5-pentanediol C H
7 8 Toluene B . p . , 110.7
279 B . p . , 248.4 294, 556, 6 6 1 , 828, 876,
C 6 H u O 3 Bis(2 - methoxyethyDether 902, 917, 967, 1049,
280 B . p . , 162 1069, 1098, 1118, 1122,
C Hi 0
6 4 3 Dipropylene glycol 1132, 1184, 1197, 1223,
1097, 1 5 6 0 , 1561 1342, 1404, 1419, 1428,
C H 6 1 4 0 3 2- (2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol 1430, 1493, 1516, 1521,
B.p., 202.8 1534, 1538, 1575-1582,
281, 875, 1246, 1281, 1733, 1754, 1765, 1777,
1562, 1563 1778, 1809, 1829, 1831,
C H 6 l 4 0 4 Triethylene glycol 1832, 1842, 1880, 1882,
B.p., 288.7 1905, 1911, 1912, 1914,
1282, 1564-1568 1920, 1921, 1934, 1939
C Hi S
6 4 Isopropyl sulfide C H O
7 e B e n z y l alcohol B . p . , 205.2
1196 B . p . , 119.25 877, 1583
C H 6 1 5 N Diisopropylamine C H 0
7 8 x-Cresol B . p . , 202
' B . p . , 84.1 1586-1588, 1924-1926
282, 1047, 1764 C H 0
7 8 o-Cresol B . p . , 191
C Hi N
6 5 1,3-Dimethylbutylamine 878, 1585, 1883
283 B . p . , 108.5 C H 0
7 8 m - and p-Cresol
C H 6 1 5 N Dipropylamine B . p . , 109 B.p., 202
284 1584, 1589, 1590
Ce i5 H N
N-Ethylbutylamine C H O
7 e p-Cresol B . p . , 201.7
285 B . p . , 111.2 1575, 1591
C H 6 1 5 N Hexylamine B . p . , 132.7 C H 0
7 8 2 Guaiacol B . p . , 205.0
286, 1048 295
C H 6 1 5 N Triethylamine B . p . , 89.4 C7H9CIO 2-Chloroallylidene d i ­
287, 827, 1706, acetate B . p . , 212.1
1830, 1857, 1927 296
C H 6 1 5 NO 2-Butylaminoethanol C7H9N 2,6-Lutidine B . p . , 144
288 B . p . , 199.3 297, 758, 1405, 1420,
1502, 1593, 1870-1872
84 ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES

Formula N a m e and System N o s . Formula N a m e and S y s t e m Nos.

C H N
7 9 N- Methylaniline C H 7 u O 2,4 - D i m e t h y l - 3 - p e n t a n o n e
879, 1494, 1592 1 4 0 6 , 1421 B . p . , 125
C H N
7 9 Pyridine bases C H 7 u O 3-Heptanone B . p . , 147.6
1586-1588,1924-1926 307
C H N
7 9 Tetrahydrobenzonitrile C H O 7 u 4 - D i m e t h y l - 3-pentanone
298 B . p . , 195.1 308 B . p . , 143.7
C H N
7 9 o-Toluidine B . p . , 200.7 C H 7 u O 5-Methyl-2-hexanone
1594 309 B . p . , 144
C Hi O
7 0 1,2,3,6- Tetrahydrobenzal - C H 7 U 0 2 A m y l acetate B . p . , 146
dehyde B . p . , 164.2 310
299 C7H 1 4 0 2 Heptanoic acid
C H 7 1 0 O 4 Allylidene diacetate 1597 B . p . , 222.0
300 C H 7 1 4 0 3
Ethyl 3-ethoxypropionate
C Hi7 2 2,4-Dimethyl-1,3-penta­ 311 B . p . , 170.1
diene B . p . , 93.3 C H 7 1 4 0 3 3-Methoxybutyl acetate
301 312 B . p . , 171.3
C H 7 1 2 1,3-Heptadiene C H 7 i 4 0 4 2- ( 2 - M e t hoxy ethoxy) ethyl
829 acetate B . p . , 208.9
^7 12 Η 2,4-Heptadiene 313
830 C H 7 1 5 N 1,2-Dimethyl piperidine
C7H 1 2 C1 4 Tetrachloroheptane 1407, 1422 B . p . , 128
1366 C H 7 1 5 N 2,6 - D i m e t h y l p i p e r i d i n e
C Hi20
7 3-Hepten-2-one B . p . , 128
302, 1509 B . p . , 162.9 1386, 1408, 1423
C H 7 1 2 0 2 Butyl acrylate B . p . , 147 C H 7 1 5 NO N,N-Dimethylvaleramide
303, 1224, 1793 B.p., 141/100 m m .
C H 7 1 2 0 2 Cyclohexyl formate 1386
1522 C
7 16 H 2,2 - D i m e t h y l p e n t a n e
C H 7 1 2 0 2 2-Ethoxy- 3,4-dihydro-1, B . p . , 79.20
2-pyran B . p . , 142.9 41, 839, 1113, 1316
304 C H 7 i 6 2,3-Dimethylpentane
C Hi 0
7 2 4 Pimelic acid B . p . , 89.78
305 42, 840, 1140, 1306,
C 7 H U 1,1 - D i m e t h y l c y c l o p e n t a n e 1314, 1322, 1473, 1917
B . p . , 87.85 C H
16 2,4 - D i m e t h y l p e n t a n e
7

831, 1303, 1312, 1320 B . p . , 80.50


C H 7 1 4 cis-1,2 - Dimethylcyclo­ 43, 735, 841, 997, 1141,
pentane B . p . , 99.53 1307, 1315, 1474, 1517
832 C H 7 1 6
3,3-Dimethylpentane
C 7 H U trans-1,2-Dimethylcyclo­ 842 B . p . , 86.07
pentane B . p . , 91.87 C H 7 1 6 3 - E t h y l pentane
833 843 B . p . , 93.47
C H 7 1 4 cis-1,3-Dimethylcyclo­ C Hi 7 6
Heptane B . p . , 98.25
pentane B . p . , 91.73 314, 663, 722, 759, 844,
834 904, 957, 968, 998,
C Hi7 4 trans-1,3-Dimethvlc vclo- 1006, 1119, 1124, 1142,
pentane B . p . , 90.77 1148, 1168, 1225, 1235,
662, 835, 1139, 1339, 1343, 1350, 1355,
1302, 1311, 1319 1379, 1382, 1475, 1495,
C 7 H U 2,3- D i m e t h y l -1 - pentene 1518, 1570, 1577, 1595,
836 B . p . , 84.2 1598-1600, 1735, 1794,
C Hi7 4 Ethyl cyclopentane 1804, 1813, 1859, 1879,
B . p . , 103.47 1881, 1882, 1912, 1913,
837, 1317, 1354 1922, 1932, 1939
C Hi7 4 trans-2-Heptene C
7 16 H 2-Methylhexane
1076 B . p . , 98.0 B . p . , 90.05
C H 7 1 4 Methylcyclohexane 664, 845, 999
B . p . , 101.05 C7 16 H 3- Methylhexane
903, 1167, 1234, 1304, B . p . , 91.85
1318, 1338, 1381, 1391, 665, 846, 1000,
1472, 1539, 1576, 1595, 1305, 1313, 1321