Towards Understanding Salafiyyah (Part 2) The Methodoly Concerning the Legislation

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Towards Understanding Salafiyyah
(Part 2)
(The Methodology Concerning the Legislation)

A Compilation About The Proper Methodology of Islaam
From Various Works of The Scholars.

Compilied and Translated by
Akram Ibn Muhammad AbdulCader as-Saylaanee an-Najdee

by Edited & Revised
Juyaanee Al Lynoid Ibin Siddiq Salaam Abdis ‘ Abu


The Methodology Concerning the Legislation

»-=·'ا .-=·'ا -ا »--

So now after having established the fact that the Qur'aan and Sunnah are
the legislations in Islaam, let’s look at our methodology concerning
them:

Allaah says:

.` · ` . ` . ´` ` ¸` · . ´` , . ' · .` · ` .` ¯ ` · ·, · . , ` ' · ` · ¸ ·

” (Say to them O Muhammad) Follow what has been sent down unto
you from your Lord (the Qur'aan and the Sunnah), and follow not any
Auliyâ' (protectors and helpers, etc. who order you to associate partners
in worship with Allah), besides Him (Allah). Little do you remember!”
(Al-A'raf: 3)

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And
..` . ` ·' · .` .` ` · ` , · · ` .` . ` , . ´` - , · .` · ¸ .` ·` · ·
“When they are summoned to Allaah and His Messenger, in order that
He may judge between them, behold, some of them decline (to come).”
(Surah an-Noor: 48)

The Prophet (. ·,· = ¸.) said,

¸· .- ·· ¸- ¸· ¸· .' , , ..,· ·´' ¸· ¸´· .·
= .¯ .´, , - · ·- .·- ¸· ·- · ·- ·,·
··- , = ·- ¯ = .. ·- · .

“There will be a man to whom my hadeeth will reach him, while he is
sitting comfortably, and he will say between me and you is the book of
Allaah, whatever we find in it that is halaal we will make it halaal, and
whatever we find in it haraam we will make it haraam. (Then the
Prophet said): and verily, whatever the Messenger of Allaah has made
haraam is as if Allaah has made it haraam.” (Sunan at-Tirmidhee 5/38)

The Prophet (. ·,· = ¸.) also said,

' ¸· . ·- ..- ¸·' ¸¯ , .· · .· ·' ¸· = .. · ¸·
' · .· ¸· ·- ¸-· ¸·~'

“All of my Ummah will enter heaven except those who refuse (or reject),
so they asked him: oh Messenger of Allaah, who is the one who refuses?
The Prophet said: whoever obeys me will enter heaven and whoever
obeys me he has refused.” (Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, 7280)


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The Prophet (. ·,· = ¸.) also said,

.·. .´· .¯ ¸· :·' ·,· .´¯ · .··
..,' ¸· ..··- , ¸ ¸· .´,· ·,· ·.-· .
.·= · ·· .'· .¸ .´·' ·
“Do not ask me about what I didn't mention, because what has caused
the destruction of the previous nations was their questioning and
disagreement with their Prophets. If I forbid you from doing something,
avoid it, and if I order you to do something do as much of it as you
possibly can.” (Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, 7288)

Allah says,

.` . · ` ·` · ` . ¯ . · ` · ` - · ..` ` ` . ¯ ¯ ·

“And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad) gives you, take it, and
whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it).” (Al-Hashr: 7)


Thus dear reader, as illustrated in these aforementioned verses and ahaadeeth, it
is obligatory upon us to follow that which Allah has revealed to us from the
Qur’an and Sunnah. This is a reality that no Muslim can deny. Allah sent his
Messenger (. ·,· = ¸.) to us in order that he may explain to us that which
was revealed to him. Allah says,

.` ´ ` .` . · ` . .` , .` ` · ¸` ¸` , ` ¯ :` , '

“And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad) the reminder
and the advice (the Qur'ân), that you may explain clearly to men what is
sent down to them, and that they may give thought.” (An Nahl: 44)


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And

· ¯ ` . .` , · . ` ` .` .` ` · .` ` ,` · ' ¸ · . · . .` · ` . ., ¯ `
¸ ' · . . ¸ ¸` · ¸ · .` ¯ . · ´ - . ´ ` .` .` ·`


“He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger
(Muhammad) from among themselves, reciting to them His Verses,
purifying them (from the filth of disbelief and polytheism), and teaching
them the Book (this Qur'aan, Islaamic laws and Islaamic jurisprudence)
and Al Hikmah (As-Sunnah: legal ways, orders, acts of worship, etc. of
Prophet Muhammad). And verily, they had been before in manifest
error.” (Jumu’ah: 2)

Shaikh Ahmad An Najmee (may Allah preserve him) said in his explanation of
Sharhus Sunnah,

.¯ .´· , .. · ¸· ·´- . ·,· = ¸.

“Thus the Book is the Qur’an, and the Wisdom (Al Hikmah) is the Sunnah of
the Messenger (. ·,· = ¸.).”

O Noble Reader may Allah bless you, if you truly wish to live in accordance to
the correct and proper understanding of the Qur’an then you must adhere to
the interpretation of the Prophet (»'ﺱو ª-'= -ا '-) found in his authentic
Sunnah. Imaam Ahmad said,

ن'·-'ا ·--- ª--'ا و

“And the Sunnah is that which explains the Qur’an”




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With this being the case it is therefore obligatory upon us to take from the
Prophet’s (»'ﺱو ª-'= -ا '-) understanding. Now the question arises, “How is
it possible to take from his understanding when we never met him?”

O Noble reader, May Allaah hasten you to His obedience, who is it that
recorded the Message? Who is it that witnessed the revelation? Who is it that
learned and practiced and taught real Islaam as understood by the Prophet
(»'ﺱو ª-'= -ا '-) to the following generation of Muslims?

The answer to this, May Allaah bless you, is the Sahaabah (the companions of
the Messenger of Allah (»'ﺱو ª-'= -ا '-)! Can anyone deny this?

The Sahaabah (the companions of the Messenger of Allah (»'ﺱو ª-'= -ا '-)
have transmitted to us the statement of the Messenger of Allah ( ª-'= -ا '-
»'ﺱو) in a most trustworthy way; just as they have transmitted to us the Qur’an.
No one will deny that the Sahaabah are the ones who transmitted the Qur'aan
and the Sunnah except one who is ignorant or, one who is inclined to denying
the legislation.

O Noble Reader, May Allaah preserve you, there is no one who denies the
Sunnah except that he is also by default denying the Qur'aan!; this because the
Qur'aan was transmitted in the same way, and by the same people who
transmitted the Sunnah.

For example, in back of the Qur'aan which most people read from you will find
a chain of narrators. Each recitation haves its own distinct authentic chain of
narration. Let us now take a look at one of these chains of narration. The
chain for the Riwaayah of 'Aasim which has been reported by Hafs, is as
follows:

Hafs bin Sulaimaan bin Al Mughairah Al Asadee Al Kufee on the recitation of
Aasim bin Abee An Najood Al Kufee At Taabi’ee on Abee Abdir Rahmaan
Abdillah bin Habeeb As Sulamee on the authority of ‘Uthmaan bin ‘Affaan and
‘Alee bin Abee Taalib and Zaid bin Thaabit and ‘Ubai bin Ka’b on the Prophet
(. ·,· = ¸.) who heard it from Jibreel who heard it from Allaah.

Therefore, just as there is a chain of narration for the Hadeeth, there also a
chain of narration for the Qur’an. With this being the case, upon what basis
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could anyone deny the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (»'ﺱو ª-'= -ا '-)?!
By Allah, there is no belief for the one who denies the Qur'aan and Sunnah as
their fundamental sources of legislation.

Allaah says:

¸ · ` - . ` . ` .` . ` , - , · ·.` ´ -` ¸` - ..` ·` .` . :` · ·
, ` .` ` .` , . · ` ` · - - ` .. '

“But no, by your Lord! (O Muhammad) They cannot be believers until
they make you judge in all disputes between them, and find in their
souls no resistance against your decisions, but accept them with the
fullest submission.” (Surah an-Nisaa: 65)

And here there is something of extreme importance that we must understand:

, ` .` `

The fullest of submission here means that we don’t make excuses, but rather
we accept and follow everything that is brought to us from the Qur'aan and the
Sunnah.

The 'Ulemaa say that there is a verse in the Qur'aan known as "Ayatul
Imtihaan", the verse of testing Allah The Most High says,


` . ´ .` · ` . ´ ` ` · ` · ` . ´` ` -` ¸ .` · ` · · ..' -` ` .` ¯ . ¸ ·
` ., -` ` . · ` ·

“Say: if you love Allaah then follow me (Muhammad) and Allaah will
love you and forgive you your sins and Allaah is the Most Forgiving,
Most Merciful.” (Surah Aali 'Imraan: 31)


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So if you truly love Allaah, then follow the Messenger (»'ﺱو ª-'= -ا '-) and
Allaah will love you. There are no excuses regarding this, the statement of
Allaah is clearer then the sun in a cloudless sky.

O Noble Reader, May Allaah preserve you,


, · . , ` ' · ` · ¸ · .` · ` . ` . ´`` ¸` · . ´` , . ' · .` · ` .` ¯ ` · ·

” (Say to them O Muhammad) Follow what has been sent down unto
you from your Lord (the Qur'aan and the Sunnah), and follow not any
Auliyâ' (protectors and helpers, etc. who order you to associate partners
in worship with Allah), besides Him (Allah). Little do you remember!”
(Al-A'raf: 3)