You are on page 1of 89

FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013

Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

NCEES Fundamentals of Engineering (FE)


Examination Review
Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and
Hydrologic Systems

Instructor: Dr. Marcio H. Giacomoni

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 1
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Introduction
The FE examination is an 8-hour supplied-
reference examination:
120 questions in the 4-hour morning session
2 minutes per question
60 questions in the 4-hour afternoon session.
4 minutes per question

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 2
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

FE Supplied-Reference Book
It can be downloaded at:
http://ncees.org/exams/stud
y-materials/download-fe-
supplied-reference-
handbook/
It is very important to be
familiar with the Reference
book
To know exactly where each
topic is located

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 3
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Morning Session
120 questions divided in 12 topic sections
X. Fluid Mechanics (7% - 8 to 9 questions)
A. Flow measurement
B. Fluid properties
C. Fluid statics
D. Energy, impulse, and momentum equations
E. Pipe and other internal flow

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 4
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Afternoon Session
60 questions divided in 9 sections
II. Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems (12% - 7 to 8 questions)
A. Basic hydrology (e.g., infiltration, rainfall, runoff, detention,
flood flows, watersheds)
B. Basic hydraulics (e.g., Manning equation, Bernoulli theorem,
open-channel flow, pipe flow)
C. Pumping systems (water and wastewater)
D. Municipal water distribution systems
E. Reservoirs (e.g., dams, routing, spillways)
F. Groundwater (e.g., flow, wells, drawdown)
G. Sewer collection systems (storm and sanitary)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 5
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

UNITS
The FE examination uses both the International
System of Units (SI) and the US Customary
System (USCS).
See page 19 of the FE Supplied-Reference Book
In the USCS system of units, both force and mass
are called pounds. Therefore, one must
distinguish the pound-force (lbf) from the pound-
mass (lbm).

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 6
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

UNITS

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 7
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Important Constants
Constant Symbol SI USCS
Acceleration of Gravity g 9.81 m/s 32.17 ft/s
Atmospheric Pressure Patm 101.3 kPa 14.7 lbf/in or psia
Vapor Pressure Pv 2.34 kPa 0.34 lb/in or psia
Water Density 1000 Kg/m 62.43 lbm/ft
Sea Water Density 1025 Kg/m 64 lbm/ft
Air Density 1.2 Kg/m 0.0749 lbm/ft
Specific Weight of Water 9810 N/m 62.4 lbf/ft

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 8
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Properties of Water (Page 70)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 9
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Properties of Water (Page 70)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 10
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

CONVERSION FACTORS (page 20)

Dynamic
Viscosity
Kinematic
Viscosity

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 11
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

CONVERSION FACTORS (page 20)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 12
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Fluid Mechanics (Page 62 to 72)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 13
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Density, Specific Volume, Specific Weight, and Specific


Gravity (Page 62)
If 10 m of a liquid weights 60 kN, calculate
its specific weight, density and specific
gravity.

V = 10 m3, W = 60 kN

Specific weight,
g = W/V = 60 kN/10 m3 = 6 kN/m3 = 6000 N/m3

Density,
r = g/g = 6000 N/m3 /9.81 kN/m3 = 611.62 kg/m3

Specific gravity,
s.g. = g/gw = 6 kN/m3 /9.81 kN/m3 = 0.612

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 14
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Stress Pressure and Viscosity (Page 62)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 15
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Principles of Fluid Mechanics


Viscosity
Is the measure of a liquid resistance to shear or
angular deformation
Is a measure of fluids resistance to flow
Dynamic Viscosity ( mu)
v
v

= (Shear stress between two thin sheets of

fluid)
. .
Units: or centipoise (cP) 1 cP = 1 10 3
2 2
1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 16
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni


Viscosity = =

=

=

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 17
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Surface Tension and Capillarity (Page 62)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 18
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

The Pressure Field in a Static Liquid (Page 62)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 19
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Pressure and Pressure Forces in Static Fluids


Hydrostatic Forces:
The hydrostatic force on any submerged plane surface
is equal to the product of the surface area the
pressure acting at the centroid of the plane surface

= = =

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 20
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Pressure and Pressure Forces in Static Fluids


Hydrostatic Forces:

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 21
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Example 3.6.2
Determine the hydrostatic force and the location
of the center of pressure on the 25 m long dam
shown in the Figure 3.6.2. The face of the dam is
at an angle of 60. Assume 20C.

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 22
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

L = 25 m
Example 3.6.2
= = 5/60

= 9.79 3
5
= 25 = 167.2 2
60

= 2.5 = 9.79 3 2.5 167.22 = 4092

= 2.5

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 23
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Forces on Submerged Surfaces and the Center of Pressure (Page. 63)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 24
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Forces on Submerged Surfaces and the Center of Pressure (Page 63)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 25
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Archimedes Principle and Buoyancy (Page 63)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 26
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

One Dimensional Flows (Page 63)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 27
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

One Dimensional Flows (Page 64)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 28
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

One Dimensional Flows (Page 64)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 29
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Reynolds Number (Page 65)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 30
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Hydraulics and Energy Grade Lines (Page 65)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 31
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Steady, Incompressible Flow in Conduits and Pipes (Page 65)

Z =200 m

Q=?

Z =180 m

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 32
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Steady, Incompressible Flow in Conduits and Pipes (Page 65)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 33
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Steady, Incompressible Flow in Conduits and Pipes (Page 65)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 34
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Moody Diagram (Page 71)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 35
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Steady, Incompressible Flow in Conduits and Pipes (Page 65)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 36
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Steady, Incompressible Flow in Conduits and Pipes (Page 65)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 37
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Pump Power Equation (Page 66)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 38
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Flow in Noncircular Conduits (Page 65)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 39
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Flow in Noncircular Conduits (Page 65)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 40
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Flow in Noncircular Conduits (Page 65)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 41
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Minor Losses in Pipe Fittings, Contractions and


Expansions (Page 65 - 66)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 42
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Performance of Components (Fans, Pumps and


Compressors) Mechanical Engineering (Page 241)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 43
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Example

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 44
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Centrifugal Pump Characteristics (Page 241)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 45
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

The Impulse-momentum Principle (Page 66)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 46
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

The Impulse-momentum Principle (Page 66)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 47
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

The Impulse-momentum Principle (Page 66)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 48
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Jet Propulsion (Page 66)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 49
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Multipath Pipeline Problems (Page 67)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 50
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Multipath Pipeline Problems (Page 67)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 51
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Fluid Measurements (Page 67)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 52
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Manometers (Page 68)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 53
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Manometers (Page 68)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 54
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Barometers (Page 68)


A weather broadcaster states that the
barometer reads 29.92 inches of mercury and
is steady. Calculate the atmospheric pressure
in psi if the specific gravity of mercury is 13.6

= +
= +
1
= 0 + 13.6 62.4 29.92
1442 / 2 12/

= 14.69 2 = 14.69

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 55
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Venturi Meters (Page 68)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 56
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Orifices (Page 68)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 57
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Submerged Orifices (Page 68)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 58
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Orifice Discharging Freely into Atmosphere (Page 69)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 59
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Dimensional Homogeneity and Dimensional


Analysis (Page 69)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 60
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Similitude (Page 69)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 61
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Dimensional Analysis: Reynolds and Froude


Numbers

= = =

Reynolds number represents the ratio of inertial


force to viscous force
It is useful in pressure conducts and groundwater
hydraulics
The Froude number represents the ratio of inertial
force to gravitational force
Useful in open channel flow in which gravitational forces
tend to dominate.

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 62
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Dimensional Analysis

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 63
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Similitude

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 64
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems (Pages 159 to 161)

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 65
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Hydrology NRCS (SCS) Rainfall-Runoff

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 66
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Hydrology Rational Formula

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 67
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Hydrology Rational Formula

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 68
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Rational Formula

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 69
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Hydrology Unit Hydrograph

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 70
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Groundwater Darcys Law

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 71
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Groundwater Well Drawdown

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 72
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Sewage Flow Ration Curves

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 73
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Sewage Flow Ration Curves

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 74
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Sewage Flow Ration Curves

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 75
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Sewage Flow Ration Curves

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 76
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Sewage Flow Ration Curves

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 77
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Hydraulic-Elements Graph for Circular Sewers

, ,
Are velocity, flow,
area and
hydraulic radius
for full pipe
1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 78
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Hydraulic-Elements Graph for Circular Sewers

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 79
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Hydraulic-Elements Graph for Circular Sewers

, ,
Are velocity, flow,
area and
hydraulic radius
for full pipe
1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 80
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 81
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Open-Chanel Flow Specific Energy


Compute the critical depth for a 8-ft wide
rectangular channel with a discharge of 100
cfs.
2 3 1002 3
= =
32.2
3
8 83 3
310.6 = 310.6 =
8 8
3
310.6
=
82
310.61/3
= = 1.61
82

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 82
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Open-Chanel Flow Specific Energy

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 83
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Open-Chanel Flow Specific Energy

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 84
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Open Channel Flow Uniform Flow

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 85
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Open Channel Flow Uniform Flow

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 86
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Flow Classification
Uniform Flow
Non-Uniform Flow
Steady Flow
Unsteady Flow

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 87
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Open Channel Flow Weir Formulas

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 88
FE REVIEW Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems FALL 2013
Instructor: Dr. Marcio Giacomoni

Open Channel Flow Hazen-Williams Eq.

1/3/11 The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 89