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BALDOMERO S.

LUQUE AND OTHER PASSENGERS FROM THE PROVINCE OF CAVITE


AND BATANGAS; AND PUBLIC SERVICE OPERATORS FILOMENA ABALOS, AND RULING:
OTHERS vs. HON. ANTONIO J. VILLEGAS, MAYOR OF MANILA; MUNICIPAL BOARD 1. YES. Using the doctrine in Lagman vs. City of Manila, petitioner's CPC was issued
OF MANILA; MANILA POLICE DEPARTMENT; HON. ENRIQUE MEDINA, PSC subject to the condition that operators shall observe and comply with all the rules
COMMISSIONER; PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION; SAULOG TRANSIT, INC.; AND and regulations of the PSC relative to PUB service.
BATANGAS TRANSPORTATION CO., INC.
G.R. No. L-22545 November 28, 1969 The purpose of the ban is to minimize the problem in Manila and the traffic
congestion, delays and accidents resulting from the free entry into the streets of
FACTS: Manila and the operation around said streets.

Original petitioners are passengers from the provinces of Cavite and Both Ordinance 4986 and A.O. 1 fit into the concept of promotion and regulation of
Batangas who ride on buses plying along the routes between the said provinces and general welfare.
Manila. Other petitioners are public service operators operating PUB and PUJ public
service vehicles from the provinces with terminals in Manila, while the rest are those 2. NO. A vested right is some right or interest in the property which has become fixed
allegedly operating PUB, PUJ or AC motor vehicles operating within Manila and and established and is no longer open to doubt or controversy. As far as the State is
suburbs. They assailed the validity of Ordinance 4986 and A.O. No. 1 s. 1964. concerned, a CPC constitutes neither a franchise nor a contract, confers no property
right, and is a mere license or privilege.
Under Ordinance 4986, PUB and PUJs shall be allowed to enter Manila only
from 6:30am to 8:30pm every day except Sundays and holidays. Meanwhile, A.O. No. The holder does not acquire a property right in the route covered, nor does it confer
1 issued by Commissioner of Public Service states that all jeeps authorized to operate upon the holder any proprietary right/interest/franchise in the public highways.
from Manila to any point in Luzon, beyond the perimeter of Greater Manila, shall
carry the words "For Provincial Operation". Neither do bus passengers have a vested right to be transported directly to Manila.
The alleged right is dependent upon the manner public services are allowed to
Commissioner issued A.O. No. 3 which resolved motions for reconsideration operate within a given area. It is no argument that the passengers enjoyed the
(of A.O. 1) filed by several affected operators. This order (No. 3) states that only 10% privilege of having been continuously transported even before outbreak of war.
of the provincial buses and jeepneys shall be allowed to enter Manila; however, Times have changed and vehicles have increased. Traffic congestion has moved from
provincial buses and jeepneys "operating within a radius of 50 kms. from Manila City worse to critical. Hence, there is a need to regulate the operation of public services.
Hall and whose business is more on the Manila end than on the provincial end are FOR THE REASONS GIVEN, the petition herein is denied. Costs against petitioners. So
given fifteen per cent to prevent a dislocation of their business; provided that ordered.
operators having less than five units are not permitted to cross the boundary and
shall operate exclusively on the provincial end." This order also allocated the number
of units each provincial bus operator is allowed to operate within the City of Manila.

Petitioners contend that since they possess a valid Certficiate of Piublic


Convenience (CPC), they have already acquired a vested right to operate. Moreover,
Ordinance 4986 destroys vested rights of petitioning public services to operate inside
Manila and to proceed to their respective terminals located in the City. They would
want likewise to nullify said ordinance upon the averment that it impairs the vested
rights of petitioning bus passengers to be transported directly to downtown Manila.

ISSUES:
1. Whether or not the said regulations are valid.
2. Whether or not Ordinance 4986 destroys vested rights to operate in Manila.