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PRESENT SIMPLE

We use Present Simple when we talk about things that happen in our
lives1 or when we talk about facts

Lives1:
Life-
Live-
Lives LIFE
(-)

Keywords:

Always-
Often-
Usually-
Sometimes-

Do/does for actions


Am/are/is for pronouns () , facts

Examples:
I (do) play basketball ( I usually play basketball or I play basketball
everyday)
She playS basketball she does play basketball

I'm a doctor ( fact )


You're (you are) a doctor (fact)
She's ( she is ) a doctor

I/you/we/they- do
He/she/it-does

Questions: do/does/am/are/is always stay in the beginning of sentences

Do I play basketball ? Am I a doctor ?


Does she play basketball ? Are you a doctor ? Is she a doctor ?

Present simple in future:

Schedule ( ) for things ( )


Example:

The train arrives at 7:15 pm


The movie starts at 3:20 pm

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

We talk about Present Continuous when we talk about things that


happening right at the moment

Keywords:

Am/are/is + -ing

Examples :

I'm ( I am) playing basketball


She's ( She is ) playing basketball
We're (we are) playing basketball

Questions: am/are/is always stay in the beginning of the sentences


Examples :

Am I playing basketball ?
Are you playing a basketball ?
Is she playing a basketball ?

Present Continuous in future:

Schedule for people

Example :

Im playing basketball tomorrow


You are playing basketball today at 7:30 pm
She is meeting her friend tomorrow

PAST SIMPLE
We use Past Simple when we report ( ) things that
happened in the past.

Note: we have time data ( ) in past simple

Keywords :

Did ( do )
Was/were ( be)

Examples :

I did my homework yesterday


I (was) born in 1994
You were born in 1994

PAST CONTINUOUS

Things crossed ( ) an each other ( ) in the past


We have action data ( ) or time data
Keywords:

Was/were (+) -ing + Past Simple ( time data or action data )

I was playing basketball when she arrived


You were playing basketball when I arrived

PRESENT PERFECT

We use Present Perfect when talk about past but we don't have any data
about it

Keywords:

Have/has + past participle ( III- )

I've ( I have ) seen this movie


She has seen this movie

Questions:
Have/has always stay in the beginning of the sentences

Example:

Have I seen this movie ?


Has she seen this movie ?

Future Simple

We use Future Simple when we talk about things that will happen in
uncertain future

Structure:

Pronoun + ( shall/will ) + infinitive


Shall- I/we
You/they/he/she/it-will

In nowadays we can use will for ( I/we )

Example:
I shall/will go to the cinema tomorrow
You will play tennis

Question:
Shall/Will I go to the cinema tomorrow?
Will you play tennis?
Future Continuous

We use Future Continuous when we talk about things that will happen in the certain
time in the future.

Structure:

Pronoun + shall/will + be + gerund

Example:

Tomorrow this time I shall/will be driving to shop

Dont disturb him this weekend. He will be preparing for exam

Negative:

I wont be sleeping at 3 am

Questions:

Why did they take all that books, will they be reading?
Past Perfect

We use Past Perfect when talk about events that happened before another event in
the past

Structure:

Pronoun + had + (III)

We can use Past Perfect in these cases:

1) An event that happened before than another event


2) Circumstance of time

Example:

1) When we came to the cinema, the movie had already started

1) The train had left when we arrived

1) I called you, but you had just gone

1) She thanked me for everything I had done for her

1) He knew that I had already spoken to his father

2) By noon she had written two letters

2) By three oclock afternoon on Sunday I had already done my homework

2) She had left by 1st of June


Present Perfect Continuous

We use Present Perfect Continuous when we talk about past that still continues in
the present or when the present is a result of past.

Structure

Pronoun + have/has + been + gerund

Example:

Im tired, because I have been swimming for two hours

He has been waiting for them for twenty-five minutes

She has been thinking about you all the time ( and she still thinks )

We have been living here since 2005 ( and we still live )


Past Perfect Continuous

We use Past Perfect Continuous when we talk about an event that was kind of
result of another event in the past.

Structure:

Pronoun + had + been + (III)

Example:

We had been living here since 2005, but then we decided to move

I was tired because I had been swimming for two hours

Compare:

The pavement is wet. It has been raining- Present Perfect Continuous

The pavement was wet. It had been raining- Past Perfect Continuous