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SPM TRIAL EXAMINATIONS 2017

2017 English Version Test Paper


Kertas soalan versi Bahasa Inggeris
August

KERTAS PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 4531/2

PHYSICS 2017

PAPER 2: Structure and Essay Questions 2 hours and 30 minutes

QUESTION BOOKLET 2 hours

CANDIDATE NAME

CLASS CANDIDATES CODE

READ THIS INSTRUCTION FIRST


Write your candidate name, centre number and candidate number on the space given.
Write your answer in your answer booklet given with dark blue ball pen or black ball pen.
The questions booklet is in English Language.
Candidates are required to read the following information:
1. The question paper consists of Section A, Section B and Section C.
2. Answer all the questions in Section A. Write your answers for Section A in the spaces
provided in question paper.
3. Answer one question in Section B and one question in Section C.
4. Show your working, it may help you to get marks.
5. The diagrams in the question provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
6. The marks allocated for each question or sub-section of a question are shown in brackets.
7. If you wish to cancel any answer, nearly cross out the answer. Then write down the new
answer.
8. A list of formulae is provided on next page.
9. You may use non-programmable scientific calculator. However, steps in calculation must
be shown.
10. The time suggested to complete Section A is 90 minutes, Section B is 30 minutes and
Section C is 30 minutes.
This document has 8 printed pages

PRINTED IN SINGAPORE.BASED ON CURRICULAR SYSTEM OF MALAYSIA.


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The following information maybe useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.

vu
1. a=
t
1
2. s ut at 2
2
3. v 2 u 2 2as

4. Momentum = mv

5. F =ma

6. F kx

7. Gravitational potential energy = mgh

1 2
8. Kinetic energy = mv
2
1 1
9. Elastic potential energy = Fx kx2
2 2

10. g = 10 m s-2

m
11.
v
F
12. Pressure, P
A

13. Heat, Q = mc

pV
14. cons tan t
T

15. E = mc2

16. v f

energy
17. Power, P
time

1 1 1
18.
f u v

ax
19.
D

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sin i 1
20. n , n
sin r sin c

real depth
21. n
apparent depth

22. Q = It

23. V = IR

24. Power, P = IV

2
V
Power, P
R

N s Vs
25.
N p Vp

26. Efficiency
I sV s
= 100%
I pV p

27. c = 3.0 x 108 m s-1

28. g = 10 m s-2

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Section A (60 marks)

Instruction: Answer all the questions.

1. The Diagram 1 shows a micrometer screw gauge that can be used to measure diameter of
a pencil

Diagram 1/Rajah 1

(a) Label the part that is called spindle with the letter (X)
[1 mark]
(b) Identify the sensitivity of above micrometer screw gauge.

..................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(c) If the zero error of a micrometer screw gauge is ( 0.03), what is the diameter of the pencil?

................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(d) Name one type of error that must be avoided when taking the readings.

..................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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2 Diagram 2 shows a simple electromagnet used for lifting and releasing a small metal ball.

Diagram 2

(a) Mark the direction of the current flow in Diagram 2, when the switch is on.
[1 mark]
(b) (i) Name the material used for the core.

......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii) Give your reason.

........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(c) (i) Name the magnetic pole at the end of the core P when the switch is on.

..........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii) Based on Diagram 2, draw the magnetic field lines that is form around the solenoid
when the switch is on. In your diagram show the direction of the magnetic field
lines.

[1 mark]
(iii) State the rule used to determine the pole of the magnetic field.

..........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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3 A student is trying to make a device to enable him to see objects behind him. He cuts a
square box in half diagonally and sticks two plane mirrors on the inside of the box.
A side view of the arrangement is shown in figure 3.1.

Figure 3.1

(a) Name the phenomenon involved in the formation of the image.

.............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b) State one characteristic of the image form by plane mirror.

.............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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Figure 3.2

(c) Figure 3.2 shows parallel rays from two different points on a distant object behind
the student.

(i) Complete the ray diagram to show how the image is formed.
[3 marks]

(ii) Based on answer in 3(c)(i) , what can be said about the image formed.


[1 mark]

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4 Diagrams 4.1 and 4.2 shows two biased conditions which occur at a diode.

Diagram 4.1 Diagram 4.2

a) State the biased conditions which occur in Diagram 4.1 and 4.2.

i. Diagram 4.1

ii. Diagram 4.2

[2 marks]

b) Name the types of semiconductors used in section X and section Y.

i. Section X

ii. Section Y

[2 marks]

c) (i) The circuit in which diagram can light up the bulb?

[1 mark]
(ii) Explain how the bulb in (c) (i), lights up.

_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
[3 marks]

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5. Figure 5.1 shows two metals P and Q heated until a temperature 90 oC . P and Q are then
transferred into two containers X and Y respectively. Both the metal P and Q have the same mass.
The volume of water in container X and Y are same. The initial temperature of the water is 30 0C.
[Assume no heat is lost to the surroundings]

Figure 6.1/ RAJAH 6.1

Diagram 5.1

Diagram 5.2 shows the graph of the temperature of water against time in containers X and
Y.

Figure 6.2/ RAJAH 6.2


Diagram 5.2

(a) What is meant by temperature?


_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(b) Base on the figure 5.1 , compare the surface area of metal P and Q.
_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

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(c) Based on the figure 5.2, compare the time taken by the water in containers X and Y to
become constant.
________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(d) (i) Base on your answer in (b) and (c), state the relationship between the surface area
and the time taken by the temperature of the water to become constant.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(ii) Give a reason why the temperature of the water become constant.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(iii) Name the physics concept that causes the temperature of water to become constant.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
6. A student carries out an activity to record the temperature change of oil and water. Both
liquids are heated by identical heaters for two minutes. The initial temperature of oil
o
and water are 30 C.
thermometer

1kW heater 1kW heater

water
oil

Measuring scale

Diagram 6.1 Diagram 6.2


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(a) Name the condition in which the temperature of the water is equal to the
temperature of the thermometer.

.....................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b) Observe Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2. Compare,

(i) the mass of oil and mass of water.

.......................................................................................................................

[1 mark]
(ii) the temperature change in oil and also in water.

..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(c) (i) Compare the amount of heat supplied by the heater to the oil and to the water.

..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii) Compare the amount of heat absorbed by oil and water.

..................................................................................................................................
..................[1 mark]
(iii) Name the physical quantity that will explain the comparison you made in5(b)(ii).

.........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

d) If the heating time is increased to 5 minutes, will there be any change in the physical
quantity in (c)(iii)? Explain your answer.

....................................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

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7 Diagram 7.1 shows an athlete in a heavy weight event. The mass he achieved to lift
is 60 kg.

Diagram 7.2 shows an officer walking with a bag of mass 5 kg

2.0 m

DIAGRAM 7.1 DIAGRAM 7.2

(a) (i) What is the weight lifted by the athlete?

[1 mark]

(ii) What is the work done for lifting that mass?

[2 marks]

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(iii) Explain why no work is done for the situation in Diagram 7.2

..................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................

[2 marks]

(b) Diagram 7.3 shows a staircase used by three students in an experiment at school.
Time taken for the students to be at position P are shown in Table 7.1

12.0 m

DIAGRAM 7.3

Student Mass (kg) Time taken to reach P (s)


A 65 55
B 80 50
C 55 40

TABLE 7.1

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(i) Calculate the power for each student.

Student A / Pelajar A :

Student B / Pelajar B:

Student C / Pelajar C :

[3 marks]

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(ii) Does the student with a shorter time taken has more power?

Give a factor which influences the power of a student in the above experiment

.................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................

[2 marks]

8 Diagram 8.1 and Diagram 8.2 show circuits consist of three identical bulbs arranged in
two different ways. Each bulb has resistance of 4.

Diagram 8.1
Diagram 8.2

a. (i) Name the circuits arranged in Diagram 8.1 and Diagram 8.2.



[2 marks]

(ii) Calculate the effective resistance in each diagram.

[3 marks]

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b. (i) State which circuit will produce greater brightness of the bulb.


[1 mark]

(ii) Give two reasons for your answer in b (i).



[2 marks]

c. Diagram 8.3 shows the illuminating torch light.

Diagram 8.3

It is found that the torch light is not bright enough even when new cells are used. A
modification is required to make it light brighter.
Suggest the modification that needs to be done through these aspects:

i. Number of cells


[1 mark]

ii. The way the cells are arranged


[1 mark]
iii. Internal resistance of the cell

[1 mark]

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Give a reason.


[1 mark]

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Section B (20 marks)

Instruction: Answer one question only

9. The Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2 two types of aircraft with different sizes.

Diagram 9.1

Diagram 9.1 shows the world largest commercial aircraft, Airbus A380.

Boeing 777-300ER

Diagram 9.2

Diagram 9.2 shows the commonly used commercial aircraft, Boeing 777-300ER.

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Table 9.1 shows the specification of Airbus A380.

Airbus A380
Typical Seating 555 passengers
Maximum Take-off Weight 560,000kg (1,234,600lb)
Maximum Landing Weight 386,000kg (850,984lb)
Maximum Zero Fuel Weight 361,000kg (795869lb)

Table 9.1

Table 9.2 shows the specification of Boeing 777-300ER.

Boeing 777-300ER
Typical Seating 365 passengers
Maximum Take-off Weight 351,533 kg (775,000 lb)
Maximum Landing Weight 251,290 kg (554,000 lb)
Maximum Zero Fuel Weight 167,829 kg (370,000 lb)

Based on the diagram,

(a) Name the principle used in aircraft when flying.

(1 mark)

(b) Compare the size between the aircraft, the number of passengers, the
number of engines and the size of wings.

(4 marks)

(c) The conventional wings is used in Boeing 777-300ER but not used in Airbus
A380. Explain why there is the different in design of the wings of both aircraft.

(5 marks)

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(d) There are some important aspects need to be considered when designing an
aircraft. Suggest some important specification of an aircraft which can carry a
large number of passengers. Your suggestions must include the following
aspects:

(i) The number and size of engine

(ii) The design of wings

(iii) The design of the body of aircraft

(iv) ways to maintain the air pressure inside aircraft

(v) size of body of an aircraft

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