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In order to determine the cross section area of foundation conductors in square millimeter, the following

equations are as per IS 3043 - 1987 has been considered.

1.1 Conductor cross sectional area in square milli meters is given by the following equation

as per 14 of IS 3043 - 1987

I√t

S= ---- Eqn 1

k

Where

S = Conductor cross sectional area in mm²

k = Material Constant

Qc (B+20)

k= √ δ 20 ---- Eqn 2

Where

3

Qc = Volumetric Heat Capacity of Conductor Material (J/°C mm )

1.2 Calculation:

Reciprocal of temperature Co-Efficient of resistivity at 0°C for the conductor B (°C) = 202

k=

√ 0.00380.000138

x (202+20)

k= 78.185954

k~ 80 (IS:3043-1987)

1.2.1 CALCULATION OF CONDUCTOR CROSS - SECTIONAL AREA

Material Constant k = 80

50000 x √1

S=

80

S= 625.0

= 20%

Conductor size required = Cross sectional area x Total allowance x Safety factor

= 1125

1200

A. EARTH ELECTRODE

b) FAULT CURRENT as per Fault Level Calculations in kA = 50

c) Diameter in mm d = 100

d) Length in mm L = 3000

e) Soil resistivity in ohm meter p = 72.44

f) Fault Duration time t in Sec = 1

3

7.57x 10

a) As per cl.no. 10.3 of IS 3043:1987 I = A/m2

√(pxt)

p = soil resistivity

7.57x 103

b) Max.allowable current density =

√(72.44 x 1)

= 889.4195242 A/m2

long earth electrode

r in m = 0.05

L in mm = 3000 = 0.942 m2

L in m = 3

d) Max.current dissipated by one earth electrode = Current Density x Surface area of electrode

= 889.4195242x 0.942

= 837.8331918 Amps

50000

e) No. of earth electrode required =

838

= 59.66587112

A. EARTH ELECTRODE

b) FAULT CURRENT as per Fault Level Calculations in kA = 50

c) Diameter in mm d = 100

d) Length in mm L = 3000

e) Soil resistivity in ohm meter p = 72.44

f) Total No. of earth electrode required in no.s = 60

g) Resistance of electrode® 100 x p loge 4 x L

=

as per cl.no.9.2.2. of IS:3043 2 x 3.14 x L d

=

2 x 3.14 x 3000 100

0.7994

f) Overall resistance of earthing with 60 electrodes R1 = 60

= 0.0133 ohms

B. EARTH STRIP/CONDUCTOR

a) Type = GI Strip

b) Length of strip in mm Ls = 2200000

c) Width of strip in mm t = 12

d) Depth of burial in mm w = 200

e) Soil resistivity in ohm meter p = 72.44

as per cl.no. 9.2.3 of IS:3043 2 x 3.14 x Ls wt

R2 = 0.0050 ohms

EARTH RESISTANCE

Earth resistance due to Earth strip R2 in ohms = 0.005

R1 X R2

Net Earth resistance R in ohms = R1+R2

= 0.0036 ohms

Which is less than ONE ohm.

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