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Overlay Description
SHS 7214 GMAW is an iron based steel alloy with a near nanoscale
(submicron) microstructure that features extreme impact and
Application Process exceptional galling resistance with extremely high toughness and
GMAW Weld Overlay for minimal cracking/cross checking. SHS 7214 is an alternative to cobalt
Hardfacing alloys. Industrial Uses

Material Chemistry (wt%) Key Performance Characteristics

Chromium < 20% u 57 - 59 HRc single and double pass weld deposits
Tungsten < 6% u Minimal cracking/cross checking on plain carbon or alloy steels
Boron < 5%
u High toughness with ability to take severe impact
Manganese < 4%
Molybdenum < 4%
u Exceptional resistance to galling
Titanium < 3% u Can be used for rebuilding worn components
Carbon < 2% u Alternative material to cobalt based Stellite weld overlays
Silicon < 2%
Iron Balance SHS 7214 is a medium hardness, extremely high toughness
hardfacing alloy designed to produce weld deposits with minimal Microstructure
Rockwell C (HRc) Hardness
cracking/cross checking on plain carbon or alloy steels. The unique
57 - 59 HRc lath eutectoid microconstituent matrix of SHS 7214, consisting of
alternating near nanoscale (400 nm length scale) laths of ductile iron
Wear Resistance
and borocarbide phases, is especially effective at minimizing crack
ASTM G65-04 Procedure A initiation and propagation, allowing for high toughness and the ability
6,000 cycles mass loss
to take severe impact. SHS 7214 is also designed for applications
0.32 - 0.33 g (+/- 0.03)
where metal-to-metal friction and wear is likely, having exceptional
Weld Deposit Properties resistance to galling at high loads with a low coefficient of friction. SHS
7214 can also be used for rebuilding worn components, where it can
Density (g/cm) 7.70
be built up to a high thickness.
Impact Resistance
High Crack Resistance
Drop Impact Passed multiple
Testing impacts at 165 ft-lbs SHS 7214 is specifically designed so that its thermal expansion (CTE)
Palmqvist 55 MPa m
matches engineering grade steels over a wide temperature range. In
the figure to the right, thermal expansion is shown for an AISI 4000 Near nanoscale (400 nm length
scale) of GMAW microstructure
series steel plate and SHS 7214. The figure shows an almost perfect
match of thermal expansion over a wide temperature range. This
allows SHS 7214 to be welded with minimal cracking/cross checking
Crack Resistance
without significant preheat (i.e. 600F) since residual stresses that
occur during cooling are minimized.

Wear Resistance
ASTM G65-04 dry sand/rubber wheel abrasion test results for
SHS 7214 are exceptional for deposits with minimal cracking/cross
checking and superior to existing cobalt based Stellite alloys. Third-
Almost perfect match of thermal
party testing confirms that SHS 7214 exhibits exceptional galling
expansion allows welds with
resistance equivalent or superior to cobalt based Stellite materials.
minimal cross checking/cracking
The combination of hardness, wear resistance and minimal cracking/

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cross checking of SHS 7214 is superior to competitive materials.

High Deposition Build Up

Due to its close match of thermal expansion characteristic and
Available Wire
inherently ductile microstructure, SHS 7214 performs exceptionally Multiple Pass Welds
SHS7214W16 well in multiple pass welds. Ability to build up to at least 1 is possible,
1/16 (1.6 mm) cored wire
which allows repairing and rebuilding of worn industrial parts and
components such as hammer mills, forging dies and molds.
33 lb wire spools and in bulk
Weld Parameters
SHS 7214 weld parameter development was completed with a Miller
Delta-Fab system. Therefore, small changes in parameters may
need to be made with other systems. These parameters result in very
good weld overlays with a short arc length and smooth beads with
good arc transfer in the short arc and small globular range. Cross Side and top views of four pass
checking is usually avoided when welding onto plain carbon or low SHS 7214 weld overlay
alloy steels. But in cases where slight cross checking is observed,
this can be generally eliminated by preheating above 600F. Weave
speeds and velocities will vary with application, but with a highly
fluid material such as SHS 7214 there will be a large range of weave
parameters that will suit the application depending on the specifics
of the geometry. Weld beads up to 1.5 wide are easily attainable.
When using the recommended parameters, spatter can be kept to a
minimum resulting in deposit efficiencies over 95%. SHS 7214 weld
overlays exhibit superior toughness with minimal cracking/cross
checking and are also ferromagnetic and machinable.

Weld Parameters SHS7214W16

Wire Diameter 0.060 to 0.064 (1.52 to 1.63 mm)

Wire Cast 12 Minimum

Wire Helix 1 Maximum

Shielding Gas 100% CO2

Shielding Gas Pressure (cfh) 45

Stick-Out 1/2 - 5/8

Current (DCRP Amp) 180 - 200

Wire Feed (ipm) 250 - 275

For More Information:
Voltage (v) 23 - 27
The NanoSteel Company
272 West Exchange St., Suite 300 250 ipm = 9.6 lb/hr
Deposition Rate
275 ipm = 10.5 lb/hr
Providence, Rhode Island 02903

Toll Free 1-877-293-NANO

phone (401) 270-3549
fax (401) 270-9306

Copyright The NanoSteel Company, Inc. All rights reserved.

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