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This paper gives you deep information about Global Positioning System (GPS) along with its advantages, disadvantages & applications.
wide array of products, services, and Internetbased utilities. GPS works accurately in all weather conditions, day or night, around the clock, and around the globe. There is no subscription fee for use of GPS
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a technical marvel made possible by a group of satellites in earth orbit that transmit precise signals, allowing GPS receivers to calculate and display accurate location, speed, and time information to the user. By capturing the signals from three or more satellites (among a constellation of 31 satellites available), GPS receivers are able to use the mathematical principle of trilateration to pinpoint your location. With the addition of computing power, and data stored in memory such as road maps, points of interest, topographic information, and much more, GPS receivers are able to convert location, speed, and time information into a useful display format. GPS was originally created by the United States Department of Defense (DOD) as a military application. The system has been active since the early 1980s, but began to become useful to civilians in the late 1990s. Consumer GPS has since become a multi-billion dollar industry with a
signals. GPS signals may be blocked by dense forest, canyon walls, or skyscrapers, and they don¶t penetrate indoor spaces well, so some locations may not permit accurate GPS
navigation.GPS receivers are generally accurate within 15 meters, and newer models that use Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) signals are accurate within three meters.
While the U.S. owned and operated GPS is currently the only active system, five other satellite-based global navigation systems are being developed by individual nations and by multi-nation consortiums.
GPS receivers make use of triangulation to calculate the user's exact location. data links. mine trucks and other vehicles. GPS works for 24 hours. The space Segment includes 24 velocity. The Control Segment has a master control station in Colorado Springs. The global positioning system receivers compare the time a signal was transmitted by a satellite to the time it was received. Be it summer. The monitor stations keep track of all GPS satellites and collect information from the satellite broadcasts. with three antennas and five monitor stations located throughout the world. Be it day or night. The application of global position and display it on the unit's electronic map. positioning system includes its' usage as a navigation aid in ships. GPS satellites transmit signal information to the earth after circling the earth twice a day. The global positioning system. y The user Segment consists of processors. 200 km above the earth at an inclination angle of 55 degrees with a 12hour period. which is 20. is made up of a network of 24 satellites placed into orbit by the U. ground stations. associated command and control facilities that are maintained by the department of defense. receivers and antennas that permit land. operational satellites in six circular orbits. navigation payloads that produce the GPS signals.S department of defense. the global positioning system works in all conditions. The receiver could also determine the user's Reflexes 2010 y y Segments of GPS The three segments of GPS are user. The application of GPS includes its' usage by computer-controlled harvesters. 2 . The monitor stations send the collected information to the master control station that computes precise satellite orbits. The time difference enables the GPS receiver to calculate how far away the satellite is. These satellites perform the task of broadcasting position and time data throughout the world. winter or fall. Global positioning system is defined as the constellation of satellites. airborne and sea operators to receive the GPS satellite broadcasts and make a precise calculation of their position and time.GPS How does the GPS work? The primary application of the global positioning system is to enable forces to target locations for missile troops. You do not even have to pay subscription fees or set up charges to use the global positioning system. which is a satellite based navigation system. aero planes and cars. space and control.
A GPS receiver uses triangulation of the GPS satellites' navigational signals to determine their current location. The military uses Precision (P) code and is not corrupted. GPS Handheld Device: Basics & Working A GPS device or a GPS unit is an electronic device using which one can determine his approximate location. The satellites provide two different signals. The coordinates for the GPS devices are normally given in terms of the latitude and longitude.Attitude determination . depending on its complexity. These include maps. the position and the time signal. Simultaneous measurements from the four satellites are processed to solve for the three dimensions of velocity.Carrier phase · Architecture .Sequential receivers .Multiplex receivers GPS receivers can be classified on the basis of: navigation units.Continuous receivers .General purpose handheld . time and position. voice · Application .Code correlation . that provide different accuracies. built-in electronic compasses.Aviation . Coarse acquisition (C/A) code is for civilian use and is deliberately degraded. etc. The positional accuracy would be about 100 meters. IVHS and Fleet · Method of operation . The GPS device can be used to navigate from the current location to another location.Automobile navigation. Reflexes 2010 3 . The positional accuracy would be approximately within 20 meters. The unit may have other addons.GPS Note that all global positioning system satellites transmit accurate positions and time signals.
Timing The precise point-to-point navigation of a GPS system helps save fuel and extends the aircraft's range by ensuring pilots stay on the most direct routes to the destination. Imagine going hiking and always knowing the way back to camp.Marine . One of the original design goals of GPS navigation was to provide navigation information for planes and ships. These scenarios and many more are reality with the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers.Original Equipment Manufacturer . Reflexes 2010 4 . thus making flying safer and more efficient. GPS is only an aid to navigation and navigators must also know and use the traditional piloting and navigational techniques. In space navigation.Surveying . Imagine going out for a run or bike ride and capturing all of your speed. Sports. Outdoors. a GPS receiver is used to determine the position and velocity of a satellite. distance. elevation change and heart rate data and uploading it to a training log or an online map you can share. Imagine playing golf and always knowing the exact distance to the pin.Space . GPS for Driving. GPS provides precise navigation tools and accurate landing systems.Mapping and data collection . to accurately determine the time of observations from other tracking or scientific instruments and many more.GPS location . and More applications of Global Positioning System. GPS Navigation System: How it happens? GPS navigation is one of the everyday Imagine never being lost or needing to ask for directions as you drive.
Why? Better and brighter color screens. Some manufacturers offer GPS products 3. Handhelds can enhance outdoor safety. a campsite. and cadence data that is uploadable to a computerized training log or to a Web site.precise Reflexes 2010 5 . the ability to wirelessly link a mobile phone to an in-car unit to get hands-free mobile speakerphone use. In cycling. Specialized golf GPS receivers provide precise yardage and other useful information and can be preloaded with your favorite courses. for example. a GPS unit can replace a conventional cycle computer. and trip.GPS 1. such as route mapping. added features such as traffic alerts. Handheld GPS units have dramatically changed outdoors travel. elevation. improved accuracy and usability of maps and directions. replacing map and compass with moving digital maps. and providing precise position information that can be relayed to rescuers in case of an emergency. and add another layer of features. all of these reasons and more. Sports & Fitness 2. anything of importance to the user. making getting lost much less likely. and precise location. safe passage across a stream. as well. These handhelds let you enter "waypoints" -. On the Trail specifically for cycling or running. topographic and other data.for a favorite fishing spot. heart rate. and automotive is the fastest-growing segment of the GPS market. Sales of aftermarket in-car GPS devices have more than doubled over the past two years. In Your Car locations -.
and availability. with the goal of improving its accuracy. all-light-condition safety. where WAAS-enabled GPS receivers Portable aviation units offer intuitive. easy to use. Measurements from the reference stations are routed to master stations. Essentially. "direct-to" navigation. and dramatically enhance all-weather. 5. providing a great supplement to a plane's instrumentation. movingmap views with navigation overlays. Those satellites broadcast the correction messages back to Earth. use the corrections while computing their positions to improve accuracy.GPS 4. including precision approaches to any airport within its coverage area. terrain page. Moving-map displays and navigation overlays are incredibly convenient. and more. position data page. Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) GPS has been a boon to recreational and commercial boaters. to The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) is an air navigation aid developed by the Federal Aviation Administration to augment the Global Positioning System (GPS). WAAS is intended to enable aircraft to rely on GPS for all phases of flight. portable chartplotters often come loaded with detailed coastal maps. In the Air measure small variations in the GPS satellites' signals in the western hemisphere. On the Water Aviation features include: map page. WAAS uses a network of ground-based reference stations. Reflexes 2010 6 . integrity. airport information. which queue the received Deviation Correction (DC) and send the correction messages to geostationary WAAS satellites in a timely manner (every 5 seconds or better). Built-topurpose. and many additional maps for the earth's oceans and lakes are available. in North America and Hawaii. The ability to provide precise position information in case of an emergency is another key safety feature. route page.
The scientific applications of a gps system are many. Europe and Asia are developing their own SBASs. treks. Your car will never loose your car at a football match or mall. boat. and many scientific applications. Augmentation Commercial System systems include StarFire and OmniSTAR. Gps systems are used to detect structural problems in buildings and roads and to predict disasters like earthquakes and so on. A gps system streamlines supply chains and truck movements. Reflexes 2010 7 . 6. There are many advantages of having a gps system: pet or family. A gps system comes with a ³panic´ button. mobile phones watches and more. Satellite respectively. the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay 3. The system can track goods at any point of time and accurately predict when goods will reach their destination. 5. boats. This will keep you safe in case of accidents or hi jacks. When this button is pressed an operator at the gps carrier can listen in on the conversation and either WAAS Logo The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) calls this type of system a Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS). 2. GPS receivers can be incorporated into cars. The device is quite small and is like a watch or button on a collar. The gps service will track the car for you and send its lights flashing.GPS 1. A gps system can be used to locate a lost child. map making. If your vehicle is ever stolen the gps system will track the vehicle and the authorities will be able to get it back in no time. A gps system in a car. Service (EGNOS) and the Japanese Multifunctional (MSAS). the Indian GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation (GAGAN). 4. Advantages & Disadvantages of GPS Advantages: Global positioning systems are widely in use today for navigation. 7. computers. land surveying fishing. plane or haversack will ensure that you are never lost. help you out or alert the authorities.
you do not have to worry about getting lost and asking for directions if your car has a GPS tracking device. they help determine weather patterns.GPS 8. can be used in conjunction with cameras. Aside from its important application in the military. for the GPS technology.that you would like to locate. and numerous advantages to worldwide users. which brings numerous advantages to users around the world. Nowadays. even a person . Here. One of the products of the continuous and advancing developments in technology is the GPS or Global Positioning System. to make it easier to find your direction as you sail. A gps is a great exercise monitor and will help you keep track of your spped and so on. sink holes. distance calculation and a lot 8 everything is possible with the latest that technology has to offer. palmtops or personal digital assistants. A GPS tracking device can be incorporated in mobile phones. almost advantages of a GPS tracking device. Another popular advantage of a GPS tracking device is when it is embedded as a feature of your mobile phones. One of the most popular advantages of a GPS tracking device is when it is used as a vehicle navigator. applications. calculate the distance and verify the direction that you need to take in order to arrive at a particular place. You can appreciate the value of the GPS technology by taking a look at the numerous With the speed by which technology evolves. tracking devices are a definite must for people who are always on the go and those who are fond of updating themselves with the latest technological gizmos.or any type of object . in the sense that communicating with another person from the other side of the world has become instantaneous. have varied use in military and have great use in surveying for volcanic eruptions. there is a wide array of civilian applications A word of caution before signing up for a gps system find out what you are paying for and what the monthly fee will cover. The GPS technology is currently being used for a multitude of military Reflexes 2010 . direction and speed by measuring the distance between the receiver and three or more (out of the 24) medium Earth satellites. GPS is global satellite navigational system which enables a GPS receiver to determine its specific location. movements in the earth¶s plates and so on. If you are new to a place. You can use this feature for directionfinding purposes. The same goes for boats which have a GPS tracking device. vehicles. it is not a surprise that the world has become 'smaller'. GPPS Gps systems have so many uses. you will be able to determine the exact location.
Some will give very little advanced notice before an upcoming turn. Instead. This means that it is possible a GPS device Disadvantages: No longer do you need to carry a map around with you when exploring a town by car or hiking in an area that you are unfamiliar with. boats or can even be handheld devices. Battery Life GPS units that are not plugged into a power source. Lastly. and features such as traffic and up-to-date maps could be lacking. Reception Directions Accuracy Maps on GPS devices are not updated in real time for all models. It could also miss new roads and businesses. GPS Applications GPS has a wide range of applications. will direct you onto a road that is closed or no longer exists. In locations with tall buildings or sparse coverage. known as GPS. and this is probably one of the most important uses of a GPS tracking device . GPS devices are limited by having clear access to the satellites that provide the tracking.GPS more." you will get what you pay for. monitoring the location of wild or endangered species. a lost pet.is just what the name implies . Before you rush out and get a GPS device. and rely on batteries.a GPS tracking device definitely provides a multitude of applications. that can help you find your location and the area you are attempting to travel to. GPS tracking devices are used by sports enthusiasts to calculate the range that they traveled as they work out. These GPS devices can be mounted in cars. however. Whether it is a stolen vehicle. reception can be poor. If you purchase a "bargain GPS. Turn-by-turn directions are not available on every type of GPS device. This can increase the cost of owning a GPS unit significantly. Additionally. All of them fall under five basic categories: y y y Cost Purchasing a GPS based on price can be a major disadvantage. here are some of the disadvantages to consider. which can drain quickly.'to track' or determine the location of something. Location Navigation Tracking 9 Reflexes 2010 . benefits and uses to suit most of your individual needs. there are Global Positional Systems. or for surveillance purposes .
The civilian point of contact for the NAVSTAR system is the United States Coast Guard's Navigation Center (NAVCEN). There are two 'public' Global Positioning Systems (GPS systems): y y NAVSTAR GLONASS According to Technologists. There will be more Public GPS Systems developed in no time. Traveling aboard ships and aircrafts will be safer in all weather conditions.S. The NAVSTAR is a GPS device owned by the United States. y There are ONLY two 'public' Global Positioning Systems (GPS systems) at this moment: y NAVSTAR y GLONASS consumer costs. five other satellite-based global navigation systems are being developed by individual nations and by multi-nation consortiums. it managed by the NAVSTAR GPS Joint Program Office located at Los Angeles Air Force Base. The GLONASS system is owned by the Russian Federation. save a substantial amount of money and reduce air pollution to a large extent.GPS y y Mapping Timing Future Scope y While the U. owned and operated GPS is Combining GPS with current and future computer mapping techniques would enable us to identify and manage our natural resources. The point of contact for GLONASS information is the Russian Space Forces' Coordinational Scientific Information Center (CSIC). Smart vehicle location and GPS navigation systems are GPS systems that would help us find efficient routes to our destinations. y Additional civil frequencies and civil codes will be developed to meet the requirements of civilian users. Businesses would be able to manage their resources more efficiently. thus reducing currently the only active system. Reflexes 2010 10 .
and air forces. sea. reception gets poor in case of an area where large buildings & also it requires a large battery backup. and newer models that use WAAS signals are accurate within three meters. round-theclock. Weather forecasting etc. y It has a wide variety of applications like Defense Systems. Emergency Services.GPS Conclusion y Global Positioning System device was developed by the US Department of Defense to provide all-weather. Reflexes 2010 11 . y GPS receivers are generally accurate within 15 meters. y In case of GPS handheld device. navigation capabilities for military ground.
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