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helped to establish new towns by establishing

surveying techniques for the wilderness and fair


Land Act of 1785 ways to distribute land

enacted in 1787, it is considered one of the most significant


achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established
a system for setting up governments in the western
Northwest Ordinance territories so they could eventually join the Union on an
equal footing with the original 13 states

this document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by


the second continental congress in 1781during the
Articles of Confederation revolution. the document was limited because states held
most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax,
regulate trade, or control coinage

Constitutional Convention meeting of delegates in 1787 to revise the Articles of


Confederation, which produced the new U.S. Constitution

document that sets the laws, principles, organization and


Constitution processes of the government

Compromise settlement in which each side gives up some of its demands


in order to reach agreement

1) Daniel Shays, a Massachusetts farmer (fought at Bunker


Hill and Saratoga) organized an uprising in 1786
2) More than 1,000 farmers took part in Shay's rebellion -
Shays Rebellion they attacked courthouses and prevented states from seizing
farms
3) Massachusetts legislature sent militia to drive them away

Roger Sherman's plan at Constitutional Convention that said


1) one house of the legislature should reflect the state's
population-House of Representatives
Great Compromise 2) one house should have an equal number of
representatives from each state-Senate
Also called the Great Compromise--This solution ended the
stalemate and paved the way for the completion of the
Alexander Hamilton Constitution.

Federalist who wrote a series of articles called The


Federalist Papers: promoted the Constitution and explained
Alexander Hamilton how it would work
a government in which the people rule
republic through elected representatives
A philosopher who
Opposed to a strong
A philosopher who believed that all men
central government;
John Locke saw were created equal: natural rights.
undemocratic tendencies
in the Constitution and Period in the 1700s when philosophers believed
that they could apply the scientific method and
enlightenment
insisted on the inclusion use reason to explain human nature logically.

of the Bill of Rights.


Included Thomas father of the Constitution
James Madison
Jefferson, James Monroe,
and Patrick Henry.
slaves counted as 3/5 a person
3/5 Compromise

Congress could ban the slave trade after 1808


Commerce Compromise

supporters of the constitution during the debate


over its ratification; favored a strong national
Federalist government

Opposed to a strong central government; saw


undemocratic tendencies in the Constitution and
insisted on the inclusion of the Bill of Rights.
Anti-Federalist Included Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, and
Patrick Henry.