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Textbook Questions

20. Show ( in terms of electron configurations of the atoms involved and the ions
formed) how the following pairs of elements form ionic compounds.Deduce the
formulae of the compounds formed.
a)Potassium and fluorine - KF
K(2,8,8,1) F(2,7)
K(2,8,8) F(2,8)
b)Calcium and Bromide - CaBr2
Ca(2,8,8,2) Br(2,8,18,7)
Ca(2,8,8) Br(2,8,18,8)
c)Sodium and Oxygen - Na2O
Na(2,8,1) O(2,6)
2 Na(2,8,1) O(2, 8)
d)Magnesium and Oxygen - MgO
Mg(2,8,2) O(2,6)
Mg(2,8) O(2,8)

21.Explain why:
a. Potassium bromide is KBr and not K2Br or KBr2
They cancel out each other because potassium has a valence of -1 and bromine has
a valence of +1
a. Barium chloride is BaCl2 Ba2Cl or BaCl3
Barium has a valence of -2 whereas chloride has a valence of +1. Barium Chloride is BCl2 as
the charge of barium has to negate the charge of chlorine has to be -2 to neutralise the
charge of barium which is positive 2. This is why there is 2 chlorine ions for each barium ion.

a. Give the electron configuration of the following atoms and ions, taking atomic
numbers from the periodic table if necessary:
i. Magnesium atom, magnesium ion
Mg atom - 2,8,2, Mg ion -2,8,
i. Sulfur atom, sulfide ion
Sulfur atom - 2,8,6, Sulfur ion - 2,8,8
i. Chlorine atom, chloride ion
Chlorine atom - 2,8,7 Chlorine ion - 2,8,8
i. Potassium atom, potassium ion
potassium atom - 2,8,1 potassium ion - 2,8
a. What do you expect for the formula of each of the following compounds
i. Magnesium oxide
i. Potassium chloride
i. Magnesium chloride
i. Potassium oxide

a)Potassium bromide - KBr
b)Zinc oxide - ZnO
c)Sodium Oxide - Na2O
d)Calcium hydride - CaH2

a) NaNO3
b) Li2CO3

a. ZnSO4 = Zinc Sulfate
b. (NH4)2CO3 = Ammonium Carbonate

a. State the valency of the element, M
i. MCl2 = +2
ii. M2O3 = 3 = +3
iii. MH2 = +2
iv. M2O = +1

a. State the valency of the element, X

i. CaX = -2
ii. AlX3 = -1
iii. Ag2X = -2
iv. Fe2X3 = -2

e)Sulfur dioxide= SO2
f)Silicon tetrachloride = SiCl4
g)Phosphorous Pentabromide = PBr5
h)Dinitrogen trioxide = N2O3

c) H-1 + I-3 = hydrogen monoiodide
d) P-3 + Br-3 = Phosphorus tribromide

Worksheet 6 syllabus reference 8.2.2 Chemistry Questions

a. R and T
b. Q and S
c. T
d. Boiling point
e. Graphite
f. Tin
a. Silver because it is least reactive in the list
b. Because it is more reactive
c. If you look at the reactivity they were found more in their pure form and the
rest towards the end was found combined later on



H - I HI

Br - Br Br2

a)[Br]- [O]-2

Q28 A)
i Ca - 2e- Ca+2
ii O+ 2e- O2-
iii Al - 3e- Al3+
iv F + e- F-