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Read the following text:

More than fifty million people live in the


rainforests of the world and most of them do
not hurt the forest they live in. They eat the
fruit that grow on the forest trees, but they
do not cut them down. They kill some animals
to eat, but they do not destroy the species.
When we cut down the rainforests, we
destroy these forest people, too. In 1900,
there were one million forest people in the
Amazon forest. In 1980, there were only 200,000.
The Yanomami live along the rivers in the north of Brazil. They have lived in the rainforest for
about 10,000 years and they use more than 2,000 different plants for food and for medicine.
But in 1988, someone found gold in their forest, and suddenly 45,000 people came to the
forest and began looking for gold. They cut down the forest to make roads. They made more
than a hundred airports. The Yanomami people lost land and food. Many died because new
diseases came to the forest with the strangers.
The Yanomami people tried to save their forest, because it was their home. But the people who
wanted gold were stronger.
(In Rainforests, p.6,7)

A.Answer the following questions:


1. Do the people who live in the rainforests preserve them? Justify.

2. What were the 45.000 people looking for in the forest?

3. What happened to the Yanomami after 1988?

4. Did the Yanomami save the forest? Justify.

B. Ask questions for the following answers.


1. _____________________________________________________?
More than fifty million people live in the rainforests.
2. _____________________________________________________?
They eat the fruit that grow in the forest trees.
3. _____________________________________________________?
The Yanomami live in the north of Brazil.
4. _____________________________________________________?
In 1988 people came to the forest.
C. Complete the sentences with vocabulary related to environment:
Use these words: acid rain / deforestation / recycling / greenhouse effect / alternative energies.
1.The concentration of gases in the atmosphere that causes more heat is ___________
2. The sources of energy that dont depend on fossil fuels are ___________________
3. __________________ is the condition of gases released by industries with water.
4. We call _________________ to the destruction of forests.
5. __________________ is the name we give when we make new products from others that
had been used in the past.

D. Complete the sentences using the past simple or the past perfect of the verbs in
brackets:
1. I only _______________(eat) caviar because I ________________(taste) it before.
2. She _______________ (try) to follow the recipe but she ________________(not can)
understand the handwriting.
3. I ______________(be) tired because I __________________(work) all night.
4. When he _________________(arrive) the meal ___________________(already/start).

E. Complete the sentences using the structures WILL or GOING TO.


1. They have just made up their minds; they ________________ (do) campaigns to protect
rainforests.
2. Im sure she _____________________(not/pollute) the planet.
3. She decided long ago she _____________________(not/buy) furniture made from
Indonesian wood.

F. Rewrite these sentences in the PASSIVE VOICE:


1. I take the batteries to the red container.

2. He didnt throw litter on the floor.

3. She will take photos of the forest.

4. They are building a new zoo.

G. REPORT the following statements:


1. I dont like vegetarian food.
She said
2. Yesterday I went to a Chinese restaurant.
Sam said
3. Now they are watching a cooking programme.
She said